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A German-EngliBh Dictionary for ChemiBts 

Second Edition. 411 pages, 4i z 7. Flexible 

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Vice-President and Professor of Chemistry, Antioch College 



NOV 28 1939 
MED» COL. of VA. 



London: CHAPMAN & HALL, Ldoied 


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Copyright, 1921, Iqr 

Printed in U. S. A. 


CAMBBIDOK, MAM., U. B. A. *"^^ 

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The present work is the response to a demand (not at all anticipated) for a 
French companion to the author's " German-English Dictionary for Chemists." 
It follows the plan of the earlier book, which seems to have met with general 

Prof. F. W. Tanner of the University of Illinois has read the galley proof and 
added a nimiber of biological terms, and Prof. Frank Vogel of the Mafisachusetts 
Institute of Technology has read the page proofs and the manuscript of the Intro- 
duction and has also contributed the general statement prefacing the ** Conju- 
gation of French Verbs." The author is likewise under obligation to Prof. C. W. 
Foulk, Mr. E. J. Crane and Dr. Maurice L. Dolt, and to numerous other friends 
who have given opinions or answered queries. 

Reference works chiefly consulted: Generaly Clifton-Grimaux-McLaughlin, 
French-English Dictionary; the Larousse dictionaries, especially the latest, 
" Larousse pour tous." TechniccHf Répertoire technologique des noms d'indus- 
tries et de professions (by French Government officials) ; Willcox, French-English 
Military Technical Dictionary; De Méric, Dictionnaire des termes de médecine. 
The material has been rather scattered, consequently a large proportion has been 
obtained by the reading of books, catalogs and journals. 

A really good dictionary is a growth. No one can realize as well as the author 
how incomplete the vocabulary of this one still is. The very helpful corre- 
spondence regarding errors and omissions in the German-English dictionary 
leads to the hope that readers will go to the same trouble in this case. 

Xenia, Ohio, January, 1021 

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Biology, Biological. 




Calico Printing. 


























feminine noun. 




















masculine noun. 


























participUI adjective 



past definite. 












past participle., 

present participle. 
























intransitive verb. 


reflexive verb. 


transitive verb. 




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Thanks to the many words which French and English have in common and 
to the wonderful clarity of French expression, the beginner usually finds it 
easier to learn to read French than German, especially if he has studied Latin 
to some account. Separable prefixes, involved sentence order and a certain 
weU known " longwordformingtendency " are not there to trouble him. Chemi- 
cal names do not present great difficulty. Nevertheless there are pitfalls, such 
as the numerous idiomatic phrases, the irregular verb forms and the words 
which, tho posing as old friends, do not mean just what they ought to! These 
matters the author has tried to keep in mind in the preparation of the dictionary. 
The following notes may be of assistance in the use of the vocabulary. 

Phrases. A large number of phrases has been included. As a rule, a 
phrase is entered under the first important word which occurs in it, preposi- 
tions, conjunctions and articles being passed by {en détail imder détaU, tout d*un 
coup under touty etc.). 

Verbs. Conjugations of typical regular verbs have been placed at the end 
of the Introduction in the hope that this may save references to a grammar. 
Irregular verb forms which are likely to appear in scientific literature are given 
where they are most needed, i.e., in the vocabulary imder their own spellings, 
and not safely concealed under the parent verb. 

General Words. A general vocabulary superior to that of many pocket 
dictionaries is included with the technical words. The special chemical mean- 
ing of a general word is ordinarily placed first. 

Words Common to French and English. Words of the same or nearly 
the same spelling in the two languages are defined even when the meaning is 
exactly the same as in English. Manifestly, these words are only a selection 
from among those which might have been included. Especially is this true of 
the names of chemical compounds. 

DerlYed Words. As a space-saving device the meanings of many words are 
merely indicated, reference being made to another word which is fully defined. 
For example, several senses of the verb brasser (to stir) are given. A listing of 
all the corresponding meanings of the noun brassage is avoided by using for the 
latter word the form '^ stirring, etc. (see brasser)." Participles and participial 
adjectives are often treated in the same way. 

Feminine Forms. These are not given except in special cases. The usual 
sign of the feminine is the letter e\ thus, gris (gray) becomes grise in the femi- 


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jM introduction 

nine singular, while netUre (neutral) which ends in e in the masculine form 
remains unchanged in the feminine. The following irregularities should be 

-▼e (fern.) corresponding to -f (masc); as, actif y active, 

-se " " -x; as, nitreux, nitreuae, 

-se " " -r; as, trompeur^ trompeuse, 

-che '' " -c; as, hlancy blanche, 

-que " " -c; as, iurcj turque, 

-gue " " -g; as, hngy longue, 

-trice " " -teup; as, indicateur, indicatrice. 

Doubling of the final consonant; as, gros, grosse. 

Plural Forms. The regular formation of the plural is by addition of 8 U; 
the singular. Departures from this rule are: 

-aux (pi.) corresponding to -al, -aU or -au (sing.); as, égal, égaux, 
-eaux ** ** -eau; as, nouveau, nouveaux, 

-eux " " -eu; sa, feu, feux, 

-oux " " -ou; as, caiUou, cailloux. 

Nouns ending in -8, -x and -z and masculine adjectives ending in s and -x in 
the singular are unchanged in the plural. 

Nouns Used as Adjectives. French differs from English in its adjectival 
use of nouns. In some instances the use is the same; as, odeur ether, ether odor; 
solution lilas, lilac solution. For the most part, however, French nouns used 
as adjectives might be construed as in apposition; as, chimiste ingénieur, 
chemical engineer; tube séparateur, separating tube. On the other hand such 
English expressions as " sodium chloride " (chlorure de sodium) and "gun steel " 
(jocier à canon) require the use of a preposition when rendered into French. 

Inorganic Nomenclature. Most inorganic names are readily translated 
from French into English as soon as one learns that -ure corresponds to the 
English -dde; -dque to -ic; and -eux (fem. -euse) to -ou^. 

Names of hydracids differ in construction from the English names; as, 
chlorhydrique, hydrochloric. 

Names of salts containing the preposition de should not invariably be trans- 
lated by using **of." For example, while acétaJte de cuivre is correctly trans- 
lated " acetate of copper '* the form *' copper acetate " is more frequent. 

Apparently, the older fashion of naming salts from the bases instead of the 
metals (as carbonate ^e soude, carbonate of soda) is more persistent in French 
than in English, hence in many cases it would be well to use the modern form 
(in this case, sodium carbonate) in translating them. 

Organic Nomenclature. The use of adjectives in French organic names, 
instead of a combining form as in English and German, may be noted; thus 

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the compound CeHiCls (dichlorobenzene) is often called benzène (or bengine) 
dichlaréf although dicMorobemene and even the Germanism dichlorbemol also 

Names of esters are foimd in which the name of the alcohol radical is pre- 
fixed to the name of the acid; as, ether amylacétique. This should be rendered 
"amyl acetate" rather than **amylacetic ester" or '*amylacetic ether" if the 
oompoimd CHsCOaCsHn is meant, and other cases should be treated similarly. 

Words ending in -dgue are used in a general descriptive sense more frequently 
than the corresponding English words in -ic; berbérinique, for instance, would 
be properly translated "berberinic " if designating an acid, but it often means 
simply "of berberine " or **berberine "; as, ada berbériniqueSy berberine salts. 

German names ending in -dnsaure may usually be translated into French and 
English in two ways, that is, as acide -dnique (-inic acid) or as acide -dque (-ic 
acid); and it sometimes happens that the one alternative is chosen in French, 
the other in English. For example the compound named Levulinsaure is 
usually called levulinic acid in English while in French the form adde Uvuiique 
seems to be the more conmion. Such differences are not numerous. 

In order to have names which are in accord with the usage of the American 
Chemical Society as embodied in the '' Directions to Abstractors *^ the follow- 
ing rules (which also harmonize well with the best usage in Great Britain) 
should be observed. They are not necessarily to be applied to names of phar- 
maceuticals and dyes, and possibly some exceptions should be allowed for 
commercial use only, as glycerin instead of glycerol. Differences between trade 
and scientific usage are always to be regretted. 

(1) Translate oxy- by hydroxy- when it designates hydroxyl, as is commonly 
the case in organic names. When oxy- designates the ketonic group (CO) it is 
preferably translated keio-. 

(2) Translate names of compoimds the chief function of which is alcoholic or 
phenolic so that the name ends in -ol] as. glycerol, resorcinol, mannitol, pinacol 
(not pinacone). 

(3) When the French ending -oZ does not indicate hydroxyl it should be 
translated -die (as, anisole, indole), or in the case of a few hydrocarbons -ene 
(as benzol, benzene; toluol, toluene; styroly st3rrene). 

(4) The ending -dne or -in should be translated -dne in the case of basic sub- 
stances imd -in elsewhere; as, aniline, glycine, palmitin, albmnin. Exceptions 
are benzine (meaning benzene) and the names of alcohols and phenols (see (2)). 

(6) The form amido- should be so translated only when it denotes combina- 
tion with an acid group. Usually it is to be translated amino-; as, acide amir 
dopropionique, aminopropionic acid; amidophénol, aminophenol. The same 
holds for imido-, aniUdo-, etc. 

(6) In such combining forms as bromo-, cyano-, chloro-, nitro-, etc., when 
they denote substituting radicals, the connective o is to be used invariably; as 

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chlorabenzène or efdarbemhie, chlorobenzene; acide chlaraeétique, chloroaoetic add. 
This usage is by no means universal, but those who cannot reconcile themselves 
to such spellings as '' bromoacetic '' should at least avoid the German forms 
bromphenol, acetphenetidine, etc., by using the connective o before consonants. 
(French literature does not contain so many of these objectionable forms as 
does the German.) 

(7) The French ending -ane should be translated -an^ if it is the name of a 
hydrocarbon (or parent heterocyclic compound) which iafvUy mturated; other- 
wise, -an. Examples: methane, menthane, tolan, furan, pentosan. 

(8) Names of acids ending in -carbonique are translated 'Carboxylic, not 


1. General Statement 

(By Professor Frank Vogel) 

In general the tenses of all regular verbs and of most irregular verbs can be 
formed or recognized from the five principal parts, viz.: (1) present infinitive, 
(2) present participle, (3) past participle, (4) present indicative, (5) past 
definite indicative. 

(1) From the present infinitive, by adding directly -ai, -cm, -a, -ans, -ez, -ont, 
the future indicative is formed. Likewise by adding -aie, -ais, -ait, -done, -iez, 
-aient the conditional present is obtained, but infinitives in -re alwa3rs drop 
the -e. 

(2) From the present participle, by changing -ant into -aiSy -ais, -ait, -ions, 
•ieZy -aient y we obtain the imperfect indicative; and by changing -ant into -e, 
-esy -Cy -ions, -iezy -ent we obtain the present subjunctive. 

(3) The past participle with the auxiliary avoir for all transitive verbs (but 
with être for intransitives denoting motion, change of condition or position, 
and for reflexives) forms the compoimd tenses in the active voice. However, 
with the past participle and the required tense form of être the tenses of the 
passive voice are formed. 

(4) The present indicative gives the imperative by dropping the4)ronoun 
of the second person singular and of the first and second person plural, also 
final 8 of the second person singular in the first (-er) conjugation is dropped 
except when followed by the pronouns -y or -en. 

(5) The past definite gives the imperfect subjimctive by changing the first 
person singular final i or « to -saCy saesy -*ty ssionsy -esiezy seent. Note that the 
third person singular alwa3rs has a circumflex (^) accent over the vowel (a, i, u) 
before the t. 

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2. Active Voice (and IntransItiYe Verbs) 

Laver, brunir and rompre are used as t3rpes of the three regular conjugations 
in -er, -ir and -re. See the note about certain intransitive verbs in paragraph 
(3) of the General Statement. 

Simple Tenses 
Present Infiniiwe 
laver, to wash 

Present Participle 
lavant, washing 

Peut Participle 
lavé, washed 

Present Indicative 
je lave, I wash, am washing 
tu laves, you wash 
il lave, he washes 
nous lavons, we wash 
vous lavez, you wash 
ils lavent, they wash 

laYer, to wash 

Compound Tenses 
Perfect Infinitive 
avoir lavé, to have washed 

Perfect Participle 
ayant lavé, having washed 

Past Indefinite 
j'ai lavé, I have washed, I washed 
tu as lavé 
il a lavé 
nous avons lavé 
vous avez lavé 
ils ont lavé 

Imperfect Indicative 
je lavais, I was washing, used to 

wash, washed 
tu lavais 
il lavait 
nous lavions 
vous laviez 
ils lavaient 

Pluperfect Indicative 
j'avais lavé, I had washed, had been 

tu avais lavé 
il avait lavé 
nous avions lavé 
vous aviez lavé 
ils avaient lavé 

Past Definite 
je lavai, I washed 
tu lavas 
il lava 

nous lavâmes 
vous lavâtes 
ils lavèrent 

Past Anterior 
j'eus lavé, I had washed 
tu eus lavé 
il eut lavé 
nous eûmes lavé 
vous eûtes lave 
ils eurent lavé 

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je laverai, I shall wash 
tu laveras 
il lavera 
nous laverons 
vous laverez 
ils laveront 

Future ArUerior 
j'aurai lavé, I shall have washed 
tu auras lavé 
il aura lavé 
nous aurons lavé 
vous aurez lavé 
ils auront lavé 

Present Conditional 
je laverais, I should wash 
tu laverais 
il laverait 
nous laverions 
vous laveriez 
ils laveraient 

lave, laves,* wash (sing.) 
qu'il lave, let him wash 
lavons, let us wash 
lavez, wash (pi.) 
qu'ils lavent, let them wash 

Present Svbjunctive 
que je lave, that I may wash 

que tu laves 
qu'il lave 
que nous lavions 
que vous laviez 
qu'ils lavent 

Imyerfecb Svbjunctive 
que je lavasse, that I might wash 

que tu lavasses 
qu'il lavât 
que nous lavassions 
que vous lavassiez 
qu'ils lavassent 

Conditional Anterior 

j'aurais lavé, I should have washed 

tu aurais lavé 

il aurait lavé 

nous aurions lavé 

vous auriez lavé 

ils auraient lavé 

Perfect Subjunctive 
que j'aie lavé, that I may have 

que tu aies lavé 
qu'il ait lavé 
que nous ayons lavé 
que vous ayez lavé 
qu'ils aient lavé 

Pluperfect Svbjunctive 
que j'eusse lavé, that I might have 

que tu eusses lavé 
qu'il eût lavé 
que nous eussions lavé 
que vous eussiez lavé 
qu'ils eussent lavé 

♦ Only when -y or -en follows. 

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brunir» to brown rompre» to break 

(Only the simple tenses of these verbs are given, the compound tense forms 
being exactly like those of laoer with the substitution of bruni and rompu for 

Present Infinitive 
brunir, to brown rompre, to break 

Present Participle 
brunissant, browning rompant, breaking 

Past Participle 
bruni, browned rompu, broken 

Present Indicative 

je brunis, I brown, am browning je romps, I break, am breaking 

tu brunis tu romps 

il brunit il rompt 

nous brunissons nous rompons 

vous brunissez vous rompez 

ils brunissent ils rompent 

Imperfect Indicative 

je brunissais, I was browning, used je rompais, I was breaking, used to 

to brown, browned break, broke 

tu brunissais tu rompais 

il brunissait il rompait 

nous bnmissions nous rompions 

vous brunissiez vous rompiez 

ils brunissaient ils rompaient 

Past Definite 

je brunis, I browned je rompis, I broke 

tu brunis tu rompis 

il brunit il rompit 

nous bruntmes nous rompîmes 

vous brunîtes vous rompîtes 

ibi hvwx&Xt îls rompirent 

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je brunirai, I shall brown je romprai, I shall break 

tu bruniras tu rompras 

il brunira il rompra 

nous brunirons nous romprons 

vous brunirez vous romprez 

ils bruniront ils rompront 

Present Conditional 

je brunirais, I should brown je romprais, I should break 

tu brunirais tu romprais 

il brunirait il romprait 

nous brunirions nous romprions 

vous bruniriez vous rompriez 

ils bruniraient ils rompraient 

brunis, brown (sing.) romps, break (sing.) 

qu'il brunisse, let him brown qu'il rompe, let him break 

brunissons, let us brown rompons, let us break 

brunissez, brown (pi.) rompez, break (pi.) 

qu'ils brunissent, let them brown qu'ils rompent, let them break 

Present Subjunctive 

que je brunisse, that I may brown que je rompe, that I may break 

que tu brunisses que tu rompes 

qu'il brunisse qu'il rompe 

que nous brunissions que nous rompions 

que vous brunissiez que voils rompiez 

qu'ils brunissent qu'ils rompent 

Imperfect Svbjunctwe 

que je brunisse, that I might brown que je rompisse, that I might break 

que tu bnmisses que tu rompisses 

qu'il brunit qu'il romptt 

que nous brunissions que nous rompissions 

que vous brunissiez que yous rompissiez 

qu'ils brunissent qu'ils rompissent 

3. Passive Voice (Conjugation of être) 

The passive is formed from the past participle (which agrees with the subject 
in gender and number) by using with it the appropriate tense form of étre^ 

uigiiizea Dy V-JV-zv-Zn: iv 



Examples: U eat lavé, he (or it) is washed; eile a été lavée, she (or it) has been 
washed; Us seraient brunis, they would be browned; ayant été rompu, having 
been broken. The conjugation of être is as follows: 

être, to be 

étant, being 


avoir été, to have been 

été, been 

Present Indicative 

je suis, I am, I am being 

tu es, you are 

il est, he is 

nous sommes, we are 

vous êtes, you are 

ils sont, they are 

Imperfect Indicative 

j'étais, I was, was being, used to be 

tu étais, you were 

il était, he was 

nous étions, we were 

vous étiez, you were 

ils étaient, they were 

Past Definite 

je fus, I was 
tu fus, you were 
il fut, he was 
nous fûmes, we were 
vous fûtes, you were 
ils furent, they were 


je serai, I shall be 
tu seras 
il sera 
nous serons 
vous serez 
ils seront 

ayant été, having been 

Past Indefinite 

j'ai été, I have been, I was 
tu as été, you have been 
il a été, he has been 
nous avons été, we have been 
vous avez été, you have been 
ils ont été, they have been 

Pluperfect Indicative 

j'avais été, I had been 
tu avais.été 
il avait été 
nous avions été 
vous aviez été 
ils avaient été 

Past Anterior 

j'eus été, I had been 
tu eus été 
il eut été 
nous eûmes été 
vous eûtes été 
ils eurent été 

Future Anterior 

j'aurai été, I shall have been 

tu auras été 

il aura été 

nous aurons été 

vous aurez été 

ils auront été 

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Present Conditional Conditional Anterior 

je serais, I should be 
tu serais 
il serait 
nous serions 
vous seriez 
ils seraient 

j'aurais été, I should have been 

tu aurais été 

il aurait été 

nous aurions été 

vous auriez été 

ils auraient été 


sois, be (sing.) 

qu'il soit, let him be 

soyons, let us be 

soyez, be (pi.) 

qu'ils soient, let them be 

Present Suf^unctive 

que je sois, that I may be 

que tu sois 

qu'il soit 

que nous soyons 

que vous soyez 

qu'ils soient 

Perfect Subjunctive 

que j'aie été, that I may have been 

que tu aies été 

qu'il ait été 

que nous ayons été 

que vous ayez été 

qu'ils aient été 

Imperfect Subjunctive 

que je fusse, that I might be 

que tu fusses 

qu'il fût 

que nous fussions 

que vous fussiez 

qu'ils fussent 

Pluperfect Subjunctive 

que j'eusse été, that I might have been 

que tu eusses été 

qu'il eût été 

que nous eussions été 

que vous eussiez été 

qu'ils eussent été 

4. Reflexive Verbs 

In the simple tenses, reflexive verbs are conjugated like the corresponding 
active forms, but with the use of the pronouns me, te, se, nous, vous, se (as the 
person and number may be). In the compoimd tenses, in addition to the use 
of the above pronouns the auxiliary être (instead of avoir as in the active forms) 
is employed; thus, lover (active), se Uwer (reflexive); avoir Uwé (active), s^&re 
Uwé (reflexive). 

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Reflexive verbs are translated: 

(1) Reflexively; as, se lover, to wash oneself. 

(2) Reciprocally; as, se laver , to wash each other or one another. (The 

above two meanings are not usually given in the vocabulary.) 

(3) Passively; as, se publier , to be published. (This meaning is often 

given, especially when it is a customary one.) 

(4) Intransitively; as, Vor se fond, the gold melts, gold melts. (Such 

meanings have been included as far as possible.) 

The following inflections must serve as examples for the reflexive verbs: 

Present Indicative Perfect Indicative 

je me lave, I wash myself, I wash je me suis lavé, I have washed myself, 

I have washed 

tu te laves tu t'es lavé 

il se lave il s'est lavé 

nous nous lavons nous nous sommes lavés 

vous vous lavez vous vous êtes lavés 

ils se lavent Os se sont lavés 

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Mfpr.S wng. of avoir. — àklbrw, (asymétrique), 

àf prep, to; at; on, in; of; by; from; aooord- 
ing to. (When à is used between substan- 
tives the second modifies the first, as canne 
à aucre^ sugar cane. Phrases commencing 
with à are placed under the first important 
word in the phrase.) 

•balssenieilt» m. lowering, depression; drop- 
ping (of a perpendicular); reduction (of 
equations); fall, subsidence, decline, 
diminution; abasement; debasement. 

— du point de congUcUiont freesing-point 

— moUculavre, molecular lowering (or depres- 

Abaisser, v.t. lower; drop, let fall (a perpen- 
dicular); reduce (an equation); abate, re- 
duce, diminish, depress; abase; degrade. 
— v.r. become lower, fall, subside; demean 

Abandon, m. abandonment, relinquishment, 

abandonner, v.t, leave; let go of; abandon, 
give up, give over. 

abaqne, m. graphic table; abacus. 

abasourdir, v.t. deafen; astound. 

abasourdissant, p.a. deafening; astounding. 

abat, m. killing, slaughter; slaughtered animal; 
ipl.) certain inferior parts of slaughtered 
animals; downpour. — pr. S sing, of 

a b atage, m. killing, slaughter; destruction, 
demolition; throwing down; lowering. 

— à la poudre, blasting. 

— hydraulique^ hydraulic mining or exca- 

abâtardir, v.t. render degenerate, deteriorate. 

abatis, m. offal (of animals) ; material cut or 
puUeddown; slaughter; cutting or pulling 

abat-jour, m. shade (for a lamp or the eyes) ; 
window (of certain kinds) ; skylight; abat- 
jour; awning. 

almttage. » abatage. 

almttement, m. prostration; dejection; faint- 

abattls. « abatis. 

abattoir, m. abattoir, slaughterhouse. 

abattre, v.t. knock down, throw down, out 
down, pull down; kill, slauii^ter; depress; 
prostrate; cut off, cut away; soak (skins). 
— v.r. fall, fall down; abate; Btoap; be- 
come discouraged. 

abeès, m. abscess. 

abcisse, /. abscissa. 

abdiquer, v.t. give up, renounce; abdicate. 

alMlttetenr, a. leading away; iPhyeiol.) abdu- 
tube — , delivery tube. 

abéeédaire, a. alphabetical; elementary. 

abeiUe, /. bee. 

abélite, /. nitroglycerin. 

aliétir, v.t. stupefy, render stupid. 

abhorrer, v.t. abhor, detest. 

abiétine, /. abietin. 

abiétinée, /. (JBot.) a tree of the fir genus 
(Abiea); broadly, any of various conifers. 

abiéÙque, a. abietic 

ablme, m. abyss, depth, deep; (paruUea) tallow 

ablnm, v.t. injure, spoil; ruin, destroy, engulf, 
overwhelm. — v.r. spoil; sink, be engulfed. 

abiogénèse, /. abiogenesis. 

ablation, /. ablation, removal. 

ablativo, adv. in confusion, promiscuously. 

ablette, /. bleak (a fish with silvery scales). 

abluant, a. db n. abluent, detergent. 

abluer, v.t. wash, wash off. 

aboi, m. bark, barking; bay, Qast) ga^. 

abolir, v.t. abolish; cancel, annul, repeal. 

abolissement, m., abolition, /. abolishment, 
abolition, etc. (see abolir). 

abondamment, adv. abundantly; copiously, 

abondance, /. abundance; plentifulness, 
d' — , extemporaneously. 

abondant, p. a. abundant; abounding, plenti- 
ful; fluent. 

abonder, v.t. abound, be abundant. 

abonné, m., abonnée, /. subscriber. 

abonnement, m. subscription; contract. 

abonner, v.r. subscribe; contract. 


Digitized by 



abonnlTt v.t. improve. — v.i. <£ r. become good 
or better, improve. 

abord» m. approach. 
d' — , first, at first. 
d' — gu6, as soon as. 
dès V — , from the first. 

aborder, v.t. approach; accost; take up, com- 
mence on (a topic). 

aborttf, a. & m. abortive. 

abouchement, m. joining (of tubes or the 
like), junction; (Biol.) anastomosis; inter- 
, view, conference. 

aboucher, v.t. join end to end (as tubes) ; bring 
together. — v.r. join; (jBiol.) inosculate; 

about, m. end, butt end. 

abouter, v.t. join end to end. 

abouUr, v.i. abut, end, terminate; converge; 
result; have result, succeed; (of an 
abscess) come to a head; (Bot.) bud. 

aboutissant, p.a. abutting, etc. (see aboutir). 

— m. circumstance. 
aboutissement, m. result, outcome; suppu- 

abrasif, m. abrasive. 
abre, m. (Bot.) Abrus. 

abrégé, m. abridgment, summary, résumé, ab- 
stract. — p.a. abridged, brief. 
abréger, v.t. abridge, abbreviate, shorten. 

— v.i. be short, be brief. 

abreuvage, abreuvement, m. soaking, etc. 

(see abreuver). 
abreuver, v.t. soak, satiurate; water; irrigate; 

(Painting) prime, siae; (Soap) lye. 
abréviation, /. abbreviation. 
abri, m. shelter, cover, refuge; specif., dugout. 
à r — de, protected from, sheltered from, 

out of contact with, away from. 
abricot, m. apricot. 
abricotier, m. apricot tree. 
abriter, v.t. shelter, cover, protect. 
abroger, v.t. abrogate; rex)eal. 
abscisse, /. abscissa. 
absenter, v.r. absent oneself, be absent. 
absinthe, /. wormwood (Artemisia, esp. A. 

abnrUhium); absinth. 

— marine, sea wormwood (A. maritima). 

— pontigue, Roman wormwood (Artemisia 

grande — , common wormwood. 

absinthe, a. absinthiated. 

absolu, a. absolute; peremptory. 

absolument, adv. absolutely; peremptorily, 

absolvant, of absoudre. 

absolvent, pr. s pi. of absoudre. 

absorbant, a. absorbent, absorptive, absorb- 
ing, absorption. — m. absorbent; (jExph>- 
sioea) dope. 

absorber, v.(. absorb. — v.r. be absorbed. 


absorbcur, m. absorber. — a. absorbing. 

absorption, /. absorption. 

absorptlvlté, /. absorptivity, absorptive power. 

absoudre, v.t. absolve, acquit, excuse. 

absous, p.p. of absoudre. 

absout, pr. S eing. of absoudre. 

abstenir, v.r. abstain, refrain. 

absterger, v.t. cleanse, clean. 

absterslf, a. abstergent, detergent. 

abstient, pr. s aing. of abstenir. 

abstractlvement, adv. abstractively; ab- 

abstraire, v.t. abstract, take away. 

abstrait, a. abstract; abstracted. 

abstraitement, adv, abstractly; abstractedly. 

abstrayant, of abstraire. 

abstrlch, m. » crasse noire, under croate, 

abstrus, a. abstruse. 

absurde, a. absurd. 

absurdement, adv. absurdly. 

absurdité, /. absurdity, absvirdness. 

abus, m. abuse, misuse; error, mistake. 

abuser, v.i. (with de) make ill use of, abuse. 
— v.t. deceive. — v.r. be deceived, be mis- 

abusif, a. abusive, excessive. 

abyssin, a. Abyssinian. 

abzug, m. (Lead) scum which forms at the 
beginning of cupellation. Cf. crasse noire, 
under craaae. 

acabit, m. quality. 

académie, /. academy (in its French senses). 

académique, a. academic. 

acajou, m. mahogany; cashew (Anacardium 
occiderUale) . 
— à noix, — à pommea, cashew. 

acanthe, /. acanthus. 

accablant, a. overwhelming, oppressive, an- 

accabler, v.t. load, weigh down, crush, over- 

accaparement, m. monopolisation, monopoly. 

accaparer, v.t. monopolize; accumulate, amass. 

accéder, v.i. accede, agree. 

accélérateur, m. accelerator. — a. accelerat- 
ing, accelerative. 

accéléré, p.a accelerated, quick. 

accélérer, v.t. accelerate, hasten. 

accentué, p.a. accentuated; accented. 

accentuer, v.t. accentuate; accent. 

acceptation, /. acceptance. 

accepter, v.t. accept. 

accepteur, m. acceptor (as of oxygen); ao- 

acceptlon, /. regard, preference; sense, mean- 
ing (of words). 

accès, m. access; attack (of fever,. etc.). 

accessoire, a. db m. accessory. 

accessoirement, adv. accessorily, in an aeoeo- 
sory or subordinate way. 

ijiginzea Dy 



■eddent» m. accident, 
par — , by accident, accidentally. 

■Mlileiitel, a. accidentai, adventitious. 

aeeldentellemeiit, adv. accidentally. 

aedse, /. excise. 

accolade, /. (^Printing) brace. 

accolenieilt» m. uniting, joining, union. 

accoler, v.t. unite, join; place aide by side; 
(JPrinHng) brace; embrace. — v.r, become 
stuck together (as a rubber tube). 

accommodant, a. accommodating. 

accommodement, m. accommodation, ar- 
rangement, adjustment. 

accommoder, t.t. accommodate, adapt; ar- 
range; suit. — v.T. adapt oneself; agree; 
put up (with). 

accompagnement, m. accompaniment. 

accompi^ner, v.t. accompany; suit, harmonise 

accomidl, p. a. accomplished; perfect. 

accomiillr, v.t, accomplish, effect; complete; 

accomirilBsement, m. accomplishment, etc 
(see accomplir). 

accord, m. accord; agreement; chord, 
d* — ^ agreed; in accord. 

accorder, v.t. accord, grant, concede; recon- 
cile; harmonize. — v.r. be in accord or 
harmony (with); agree (to). 

accoter, v.t. prop up; lean. — v.r. lean. 

accouchement, m. {Med.) delivery, accouche- 

accouplé, p.a. coupled, joined. 

accouplement, m. coupling, pairing; joining, 
uniting; {Idach.) coupling, connection. 

accoupler, v.U couple, pair; join, unite, 

acconrcir, v.t. shorten. 

accoutumé, p.a. accustomed; usual. 

accoutumer, v.t. accustom. 

acerocher, v.t. hang, hang up; hook; catch; 
snag; delay, arrest. — v.r. catch, cling. 

accvolseement, m. increase; accretion, 

accroître, v.i. increase, enlarge. — v.r. A i. 



accru, p.p. of accroître. 

accueil, m. reception; welcome. 

accudUlr, t.t. receive; welcome; {Com.) 

accnl, m. comer, blind alley, impasse. 

acculer, v.t. comer. 

accumulateur, m. accumulator; {EUc.) accu- 
mulator, storage battery, secondary 

accumuler, v.t. accumulate. 

accusé, p.a. indicated, etc. (see accuser) ; pro- 
nounced, clearly indicated. — m. accused; 
— de réception, (Com.) acknowledgment. 

aeenser, t.t. indicate, show; accuse, eharge; 

declare; adcnowledge (receipt). 
acénaphtène, m. acenaphthene. 
acérage, m. steeling, etc. (see acérer). 
acérain, a. relating to or of the nature of steel, 

steel, steely. 
acerbe, a. (of tastes) sharp, harsh, acrid. 
aeerbité, /. sharpness, harshness, acerbity. 
acerdèse, /. (Min.) manganite. 
acéré, p.a. steeled, edged or tipped with steel; 

sharp, keen. 
acérer, v.t. steel, edge, point or overlay with 

steel; temper; rendisr keen. 
acérenx, a. (Bot.) acerose. 
acescenee, /. acescence. 
acétal, m. acetal. 
acétamlde, /. acetamide. 
acétanlllde, /. acetamlide. 
acétate, m. acetate. 

— d'ojtimtns, aluminium acetate. 

— d* ammoniaque, ammonium acetate. 

— d*ammoniaque liquide, (Pharm.) solution 
of anunonium acetate. 

— de chaux, calcium acetate. 

— de cuivre brut, crude copper acetate, verdi- 

— de plomb, lead acetate. 

— de potaaee, potassium acetate. 

— de eoude, sodium acetate. 

— ferrique liquide, (Ptiorm.) solution of ferric 

— neutre de plomb, (Pharm.) lead acetate. 

— (souê-) de plomb liquide, (Pharm.) sohition 
of lead subacetate. 

acétenz, a. acetous. 

acétiflcatlon, /. acetification, acetifsdng. 

acétUler, v.t. acetify. 

acétlmètre, m. acetimeter. 

acétimétrie, /. acetimetry. 

acétlne, /. acetin. 

acétique, a. acetic. 

acide — concentré, concentrated acetic acid, 
specif., glacial acetic add. 

acide — crietalliaàble, glacial acetic acid. 

acide — monochloré, monochloroacetic acid. 

acide — irichloré, trichloroacetic acid. 
acétol, m. ketol; acetol; (P?Mrm.) aoetolatum. 
acétomel, m. (Pharm.) oxymel. 
acétomeUé, a. treated or mixed with oxymeL 
acétomdtre, m. acetimeter, acetometer. 
acétométrie, /. acetimetry, acetometry. 
acétone, /. ketone; acetone. 
acetonemic, acétonhémle, /. acetonemia. 
acétoniqne, a. ketonic; acetonic; of or con- 
taining acetone. 
acétonltrlle, m. acetonitrile. 
acétonurie, /. acetonuria. 
acétophénone, /. acetophenone. 
acétoselle, /. wood sorrel, oxalis, esp. Oxalis 

Digitized by 



acétoslté, /. acetosity, aoetous quality. 
aoétoilme» m. ketozime; acetoxime. 
acet-phénétldlne, /. {Pharm.) phenacetin, 

aoetphenetidin (p-acetophenetide). 
acétylmcétate, m. acetoacetate, acetylacetate. 
acétylmcétlqae, a. acetoacetic, acetylaoetic. 
acétylacétone, /. acetylaoetone (2,4-pen- 

acétylant, p.a. aoetylating. 
aoétyle» m. acetyl. 
acétylène, m. acetylene. 
aoétyléiiique, a. of or pertaining to acetylene. 
acétyler, v.t. acetylate. 
acétylore, m. aoetylide. 
achmliie, m. (Bot) achene. 
aclianié» p.a. intense, furious, desperate. 
acbAmement» m. ardor, fury, tenacity. 
acharner, v.t. excite, incite, infiiriate. — v.r. 

be bent or set; be infuriated. 
achat, m. purchase, purchasing. 
ache, /. any plant of the genus Apiwn (of 

wÛch celery is one species) ; paraley. 

— d'eau, water parsley. 

— de montagne^ skirret. 

— de8 marais, smallage, wild celery. 
acheminé, p.a. sent, forwarded ; (of plate 

glass) rough-polished. 

acheminement, m. preliminary, step, progress. 

acheminer, v.t. send, forward; prepare for, 
promote. — v.r. advance, progress; start, 
turn (toward). 

acheter, v.t. buy, piurchase. 

acheteur, m. buyer, purchaser. 

achevage, m. finishing. 

achevé, p.a. finished, perfect; worn-out. 

achèvement, m. completion, finishing; finish. 

achever, v.^ finish; complete; conclude. 
— v.r. end, be completed, conclude. 

acheveor, m. finisher. 

aehevolr, m. finishing tool; finishing room. 

aehillée, /. any plant of the genus AckiUea (in- 
cluding milfoil or yarrow). 

— stemiUatoiret sneezewort. 
acholic, /. acholia, lack of bile. 
achoppement, m. obstacle; stumbling. 
achopper, v.t. & r. stumble. 
achromatique, a. achromatic. 
achromattser, v.t. achromatise. 
achrome, a. achromic, colorless. 
achromle, /. achromatism. 
achromlqae, a. achromic, colorless. 
adculalre, a. acicular, needl&^haped. 
aclde, a. A m. acid. 

— aminé, amino acid. 

— au soufre, (filée,) sulfuric acid of 26° B. 
— Broenner, Brônner acid (6-amino-2-naph- 

thalenesulfonio acid). 

— eyané, cyano acid. 

— de Freund, Freund's acid (a disulf o deriva- 
tive of a-naphthylamine). 

[ ader 

adde des ehambreet chamber amd. 

— du citron, citric acid. 

— du tartre, (deztro)tartaric acid. 
— <?, G acid. 

— gras, fatty acid. 

— H,B. acid. 

— marin, hydrochloric add. 

— minéral, mineral add, inorganic add. 

— oxygéné, oxygen add, oxacid. 

— phénique, phenol, carbolic add. 

— sulfonitrique, a mixture of sulfuric and 
nitric adds. 

— thymigue, thymic add (often used, esp. in 
Phamn., as a sjrnonym of thymol but also 
applied to a nucleic add hydrolysis 

(For the meaning of other phrases of acid» 
see the respective adjectives.) 

aclde-4icétone, m. ketonic acid, add ketone. 

aclde-alcool, m. hydroxy acid, alcohol-add. 

adde-cétone, m. ketonic acid, add ketone. 

acldeor, m. (Bleaching) acid-liquor man. 

acidifiant, p.a. addifying. — m. addifier. 

acldlflcateur, m. acidifier; specif., an appa- 
ratus for separating the fatty adds from 

acidifier, v.<. acidify. — v.r. become add; turn 

acldlfienr, m. addifier. 

acidimétrie, /. acidimetry. 

acldlméMqne, a. acidimétrie, -metricaL 

acidité, /. acidity. 

addose, /. acidosis. 

acidulé, a, addulous, subacid. 

acidulé, p.a. acidulated; addulous. 

aclduler, v.t. acidulate. 

ader, m. steel. 

— à canon, gim steel. 

— adouci, annealed steel. 

— affiné, fined steel. 

— d outàs, tool steel. 

— d ressort, spring steel. 

— au hore, boron steel. 

— au chrome, chrome steel. 

— au creusa, crudble steel. 

— au réverbère, reverberatory furnace steeU 

— boursoufflé, blister steel. 

— bronze, steel bronxe. 

— brut, crude steel, raw steeL 

— cémenté, cement steel. 

— chromé, chrome steel. 

— corroyé, shear steel, weld steel. 

— couU, cast steel, ingot steeL 

— damassé, damacdc steel. 

— de Damas, Damascus steel, damask steeL 

— de fonte, furnace steel. 

— de forge, forge steel, fined steel. 

— de fusion, cast steel, ingot steeL 

— de Vingot, ingot steel. 

— des Indes, woots, Indian steeL 

uigiiizea Dy \.jkj 




r deux foi» eorrové, double-shear steel. 

— diamant, tool steel. 

— doiMe-chrûmé, double-chrome steel. 

— doux, mild steel, soft steel. 

— dur, — durci, hard steel. 
— ferreux, half steel. 

— fondu, oast steel, ingot steel. 
— fondu au eretuet, crucible steeL 
— forgé, forged steel. 

— indien, woots, Indian steel. 

— laminé, rolled steel. 

— maUéabU, malleable steel, forge steel. 

— manffanéeé, manganese steel. 

— marchand, rolled steel. 

— mirdur, semi-hard steel. 

— moulé, cast steel. 

— naturel, natural steel. 

— nickelé, nickel steel; nickel-plated sted. 

— par reaction, reaction steeL 

— pdi, polished steel. 

— poule, blister steel. 

— puddle, puddled steel. 

— raffiné, refined steel. 

— raffiné à deux marque», double-shear sted. 

— raffiné à une marque, single-shear steeL 

— recuU, reheated steel, tempered steeL 

— »auvage, wild steel. 

— eoudabU, welding steel. 

— aoudé, weld steel. 

— avedaX, special steel. 

— tupériefur, hard steeL 

— Xendr», soift steel. 

— trempé, hardened steel. 

— un» foi» corroyé, single-shear steel, shear 

— vif, hard steel. 
aeiérage» m. steeling. 

a^ntton, /. steeling; conversion into steel; 
steel miJdng. 

a^rer, v.t. steel (plate, overlay, edge or point 
with steel) ; convert into steeL — v.r. be- 
come steel. 

adéreilZf a. relating to or resembling steel, 

adérie, /. steel mill, steel plant, steel works. 

ader-nickel, m. nickel steel. 

adaste, a. adastic. 

acompte» m. payment, installment. 

aoonlt» m. aconite. 

— napd, monkshood {Aconitum napeUu»), 
aeonltiiie, /. aconitme. 

aeonltlqiie, a. aconitic. 
aeore, m. (fiot.) Accrus. 

— odorant, — vrai, calamus, sweet flag {A. 
calamu» or its root). 

Açoreg, n. Asores. 

aeotyKdone, aootyMdoné, a. aootyledonous. 

à«iCoap» m. jerk, start, sudden movement or 

acoiu tique* a. acoustic. — /. aooustios. 

aeqnérlr, t.t acquire; attain, obtain; inip> 
chase; ascertain (a fact). — t.i. improve. 

aequlerta pr. S sing, of acqtiérir. 

aeqnil» p.a. acquired, etc. (see acquérir). 
— m. acquirement, attainment; experi- 
ence, knowledge. — p. def. 1 A Ê sing, of 

aeqult» m. payment; receipt (of a biU). — p. 
def. S sing, of acquérir. 
pour — , (on a bill) paid. 

aeqnlt-à-eaiitioii, m. permit to move bonded 

acquittement» m. payment; acquittal. 

aeqnltter» v.t. pay, discharge, perform (an obli- 
gation); receipt; acquit. 

ftere, a. acrid. 

ftcreté» /. acridness, acridity; acrimony. 

acridlne» /. acridine. 

aeridinlqae» a. acridine, of acridine. 

acridiqae» a. acridic, acridinic. 

acrogéne» m. acrogen. 

acroléine, /., acrol, m. acrolein. 

acioléiqiie, a. acrylic. 

acryttqae» a. acrylic. 

acte» m. act; transaction (of a society); deed; 
document, certificate. 
prendre — de, receive a certificate of; make 
a note of. 

actée» /. (fiot.) baneberry {Atiase^, 

— à grappe», black cohosh {Cimicifuga race- 

actemr, m. actor. 

actif» a. active. — m. assets. 

— »ocial, assets of a company or of a firm. 
à V — de, to the credit of, in favor of. 

acttnlam» m. actinium. 

action, /. action; share (of stock); gesticula- 
tion; animation (in speaking, etc.). 

— de priorité, preference share (not ssmony- 
mous with preferred share). 

— ordinaire, ordinary share (not necessarily 
S3rnonymous with common share). 

— privUégiée, = action de priorité. 

— protectrice, protective action. 
hor» d' — , out of action; out of gear. 

actlonnable» a. movable; {Law) action- 

actionnatre» m. shareholder, stockholder. 

actionné» p.a. set in motion, operated; busy, 
occupied; sued. 

actionner» v.t. set in motion, start, run, oper- 
ate; excite; sue. 

activant» p.a. activating, etc. (see activer). 

activement» adv. actively. 

activer» v.t. activate; accelerate (motion); in- 
tensify, make hotter (a fire or flame); 
hasten, urge on, push. 

activité» /. activity; (Mach.) operation. 

actualité, /. actuality. 

actuel» a. actual; present; at that time. 

uigiiized Dy '' 




, adt. actually; now, at present; 
then, at that time. 

aeillté» /. acuteness. 

acntangle, a, acute-anc^IecL 

acatesse» /. sharpness, pointedness. 

acydlqae» a. acyclic. 

acylé, v.a. acylated. 

acyler, v.t. acylate. 

adamantin, a. adamantine. 

adamine, /. (Mtn.) adamite. 

adapter, v.U fit, adjust; adapt, suit. — v.r. 
fit; suit; apply. 

additif, a. additive. 

additionnel, a. additional. 

additionner, v.t. mix, treat (as, additionné 
d'acide^ mixed or treated with acid, to 
which acid has been added) ; add, add up. 

adduction, /. conveying, piping (as of water). 

adenine,/, adenine. 

adepte, m. & /. adept. 

adliérence, /. adherence, adhesion. 

adiiérent, a. adherent, adhering. 

adiiérer, v.t. adhere, cling, stick. 

adiiésif, a. adhesive. 

adhésion, /. adhesion. 

adhéslTement, adv. adhesively. 

adiabatiqne, a. adiabatic 

adiabatiqaement, adv. adiabatically. 

adiabatisme, m. adiabatic state or phe- 

adiante, m, (JBot.) adiantum, maidenhair fern. 

adiaphorèse, /. adiaphoresis. 

adlpenx, a. adipose. 

adipique, a. adipic. 

adipocire, /. adipocere. 

adiiwgénle, /. {Physiol.) production of fat. 

adipose, /. (Med.) adiposis. 

adiposité, /. adipoeeness, adiposity. 

a4lcctiff, a. adjective. 

adjoignant, p.p. of adjoindre. 

adjoignit, p.def. 3 sing, of adjoindre. 

adjoindre, v.t. adjoin, attach. 

adjoint, p.a. adjoined, attached; assistant. 

— m. adjunct, associate; assistant, deputy. 

— pr. S sing, of adjoindre. 
adjonction, /. adjunction, adjoining, addition, 
adjuger, v.f. adjudge; award; sell (at auction). 
adjuvant, a. A m. adjuvant. 

admettre, 0.^ admit; accept (as true) ; receive, 

allow, concede. 
administrateur, m. administrator, director 

(of a company), manager, trustee, etc. 
administrer, v.t. administer, manage, direct, 

admirablement, adv. admirably, excellently. 
admirent, p.def. S pi. of admettre. — pr.S pi. 

of admirer. 
admirer, v.t. admire; wonder at. 
admis, p.a. admitted, etc. (see admettre). 

— p,def. 1 db £ sing, of admettre. 

admissibilité, /. admissibility. 

admit, p.def. S sing, of admettre. 

admixtion, /. admixture, admiztion. 

adonner, v.r. devote oneself, apply oneself (to), 
occupy oneself (with). 

adopter, v.t. adopt. 

adorer, v.t. adore. 

ados, m. slope, talus; sloping bed (in gardens); 
iAgric.) ridge, or tillage in ridges. 

adossé, p.a. having the back against some- 
thing, supported at the back (said, e.g., of 
a table fastened to a wall). 

adosser, v.t. set the back of (against), support 
at the back, lean, rest. 

adoucir, v.t. soften; sweeten; smooth; polish; 
round off; (Metal.) anneal; make milder, 
mollify, soothe, relieve, moderate. — v,r,. 
become soft, sweet or mild, be relieved or 

adoucissage, m. smoothing, polishing; polish 
(of metals, etc.) ; polishing powder; soften- 
ing (of colors). 

adoucissant, a. softening; emollient, demul- 
cent. — m. polishing substance; (Med.) 

adoucissement, m. softening, sweetening, etc. 
(see adoucir) ; first polish (of metals). 

adou^seur, m. smoother, polisher. 

adoux, m. woad. 

adragant(h), a. <k m. tragacanth. 

adrénaline, /. adrenaline. 

adrénalinlque, a. adrenaline, of adrenaline. 

adresse, /. address; dexterity, skill, cleverness. 

adresser, v.t. address; send, forwud. — t.r. 
address oneself; be addressed; apply; 

adroit, a. adroit, expert, clever. 

adroitement, adv. adroitly, expertly, cleverly. 

adsorber, v.t. adsorb. 

adsorption, /. adsorption. 

adulte, a. & m. or f. adult. 

adultérant, p.a. adulterating, adulterant. 

adultération, /. adulteration. 

adultérer, v.t. adulterate. 

aduste, a. burnt, adust. 

advenir, v.t. happen, befall. 

adventice, a. adventitious. 

adventif, a. adventive; adventitious. 

advenu, p.p. of advenir. 

advers, a. adverse, opposing, opposite. 

adversaire, m. adversary, opponent, competi- 

adversité, /. adversity. 

advient, pr. s sing, of advenir. 

aérage, m. ventilation; airing. 

aérateur, m. aerator; fan, ventilator. 

aération, /. aeration; ventilation. 

aéré, p.a. aerated; ventilated; aired, airy. 

aérer, v.t. aerate; ventilate; air. 

aérien, a. afirial; of the air, air; airy. 

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aMfbre» a. air-conducting, ûr-. 

aérifler» v.t. aBrify. 

aéftfbrme, a. aeriform, gaseouft. 

aérlfler, v.t. aërify. 

aérobie» a. aérobic. — m. afirobe. 

aérodynamique, /. aerodynamics. 

aénmrène» a. See gaz aérogène, under gcu. 

aéiollthe» m. aerolite, aërolith. 

aérolitliiQlie, a. aërolitic. 

aéfomètre» m. aerometer. 

aérométrie» /. aërometry. 

aérostat, m. aérostat (used in French only of 
lighter-than-air craft), balloon. 

aérostatton, /. art of constructing and navi- 
gating balloons, aerostation, aeronautics. 

aérostatique, a. aerostatic. — /. aerosta- 

nscnline, /. esculin, ^sculin. 

aétlte, /. eaglestone, setites. 

aflkdiTy v.t. render insipid or flat, flatten, 
deaden; disgust. — v.r. become insipid or 
flat; pall. 

aflSsdissant, p.a. insipid, flat, vapid; tiresome. 

aflkdissement, m. insipidity, flatness, loss of 

affiiibll, p.a. weakened, etc. (see affaiblir); 
. dilute. 

aUklblir, v.t. weaken; dilute; reduce, diminish; 
debase (coinage). — v.t. become weak, lose 

aUklblissement, m. weakening, etc. (see 
affaiblir); weakness; debility. 

aUklblisseiir, a. weakening; (Pfiotog.) reduc- 
ing. — m. (JPhotog.) reducer. 

aflbire, /. affair; thing, matter, question, etc.; 
(also pi.) business; occupation; undertak- 
ing; fortune; difficulty, danger; quarrel; 
battle, engagement; (legal) case; need, 
atoir — d, have to do with, be concerned with; 
have business with. 

affaissement, m. weighing down, sinking, etc. 
(see affaisser). 

allMsser, v.t. (cause to bend or sink under a 
weight) weigh down, sink, settle; deject, 
depress. — v.t. sink, sag, settle, subside; 
collapse, give way; succumb. 

affiimé, p.a. famished, starved; eager. 

aflteeter, v.t. affect; destine, allot. 

affectionné, a. affectionate, devoted; beloved. 

affectionna, v.t. love, like; interest. 

afférent, a. {Physiol.) afferent; {Law) belong- 
ing, proper. 

affwmer, v.t. lease, rent. 

affermir, v.t. make firm, firm; harden; 
strengthen, consolidate; fasten, fix; con- 
firm. — v.r. become firm, hard, fast or 
strong; be consolidated. 

aflBmilssement, m. making firm, etc. (see 

r afSronter 

aiBcliage, m. posting, etc. (see afficher). 

aiBclie, /. bill, poster, placard. 

afflciier, v.t. post, post up; annoimoe, publish; 
parade; expose. 

affilage, m. shûpening. 

affilé, p.a. sharpened, sharp. 

affiler, v.t. sharpen. 

affilié, p.a. affiliated. — m. member, aaso» 

affilier, v.t. affiliate. — v.r. join (an oivsnisa- 

affin, a. similar; related, at-law. 

affina ge, m. refining, etc. (see affiner). 
— anglais, {Metal.) puddling. 

affinement, m. refining, etc. (see affiner). 

affiner, v.f. refine; fine; ripen (cheese); heckle 
(flax) ; point (needles, etc.). — v.r. become 
pure, become refined; (of cheese) ripen; 
(of weather) clear. 

affinerie, /. refinery. 

affineur, m. refiner. 

affinltalre, a. of or pertaining to affinity. 

affinité, /. affinity. 

afflrmatlTement, adv. affirmatively. 

affirmer, v.t. affirm. 

affleurag^, m. {Paper) thinning the pulp. 

affleuré, p.a. level, flush; properly mixed. 

affleurement, m. leveling; {Oeol. & Mining) 
outcropping, outcrop. 

affleurer, v.t. make level or flush; be even or 
level with; come to the level of; bring to 
the proper level; mix in proper proportion 
(as flours). — v.». be level or flush; (of 
strata) crop out. 

afflenrie, /. finest flour. 

affligé, p.a. afflicted. 

affligeant, p.a. afflicting, distressing. 

affliger, v.t. afflict, distress. 

affluence, /. influx, inflow, affluence. 

affluer, v.t. flow in, flow, run; throng; abound. 

affolé, p.a. (of the magnetic needle) disturbed, 
deranged; infatuated. 

affouage, m. {Iron) fuel supply. 

affouillement, m. \mdermining, caving in, 
erosion; exfoliation (by rust); cavity; 

alfouiUer, v.t. undermine, erode. 

aflhanchir, v.t. free, liberate, deliver, exempt; 
pay, prepay; fire (casks); trim, trim 

aflhanchissement, m. freeing, etc. (see affran- 

affréter, v.t. charter (a vessel). 

aflh«usement, adv. frightfully, horribly. 

affk«ux, a. frightful, fearful; hideous; detest- 

afltont, m. affront; disgrace. 

afltonter, v.t. place on the same level, end to 
end or face to face, join flush; front, face; 

Digitized by 


affusion 8 

> /. pouring on, afiFusion. 
mtttktf IN. watch, lookout; hiding place; car- 
riage (of a gun). 

à V — de, on the lookout for. 
allûtege» m. sharpening. 
allûter» v.t sharpen. 
aflûtear» m. sharpener. 
afin de. in order (to). 
afin que. in order that, so that. 
aMcaln, a. African. 
AfMqae, /. Africa. 

~ du Sud, South Africa. 
agame» a. (fiot.) agamous. 
agaric» m. agaric. 

— amadouvieTt tinder agaric iPolyponu 

— blanCf — purgatif, white agaric, purging 
agaric (Polyporua ojBMnalis or a prepara- 
tion of it). 

agate, /. agate. 

agate» a. agaty, containing agate. 

agatlller» agatlser, v.t. agatiie. 

agave» agave» m. agave. 

fige» m. age. 

I^é» a. aged, old. 

l^^nee» /. agency. 

lU^ncement» m. arrangement; (jpi.) fittings, 

l^^eneer» v.t. arrange; dispose, adjust, order; 

fit up. 
MB^i^da» m. memorandum book, notebook. 
agenoalllOT» v.r. kneel. 
l^ieiit» m. agent; medium. 

— condenaateur, condensing agent. 

— de liaiaon, means of union, (Org. Chem.) 
condensing agent. 

•— réducteur, reducing agent. 

— révélateur, (Photog.) developer. 

— tranemetteur, curying agent, carrier. 
agglomârant» m. agglomérant, agglomerating 

agent; specif., (Ceram.) a substance which 
imparts hardness to the paste. 

agglomérat» m. agglomerate. 

agglomération» /. agglomeration. 
grand — , (of people) crowded center, city. 

aggloméré» p.a. agglomerated. — m. agglom- 
erate, mass; specif.: fuel made into the 
form of briquets or lumps from coal dust 
or the like; unrefined sugar molded into 
briquets; mass composed of a mixture of 
manganese dioxide and coke for Leclanohé 

— combustible, fuel briquet. 

— magnéaien, magnesite brick, magnesite 

agglomérer» v.t A r. agglomerate, form or 
collect into a mass. 

aggiatinage» m. agglutination; fritting, sin- 

aggiatinaiit» a. A m. agglutinant. 


agilatliiatif» a. agglutinant, agglutinatÎTe. 

— m. agglutinant. 
aggiatlner» v.t. agglutinate. — «.r. be agi^- 

aggiatlnliie» /. agglutinin. 

aggraver» v.t. aggravate. 

agir» «.«'. act; be in action; take action. 

— en, act as, behave as. 

U s'agit de, it is a question of, it concerna. 
agissant» p.a. acting; active. 
agitant» p.a. agitatinig. 

agitateur, m. stirrer, specif, stirring rod; 
shaker; agitator. 

— à bouton, stirring rod with a diak-ahaped 

— mécanique, mechanical stirrer or shaker; 
(firewing) mawhing i^paratus. 

— ordinaire, ordinary glass stirring rod. 

— va^-et-ifient, shaker with a reciprocating 

agitation» /. agitation (stirring, shaking, etc.). 

agiter» v.t. agitate (stir, shake, disturb, etc.). 
— v.r. be agitated, be in motion. 

ai^mérant» aglntlnage» etc. See agglomér- 
ant, agglutinage, etc. 

agneau» m. lamb. 

l^nnellne» a. In laine agndine, lamb's wool. 

agrafe» /. fastening (of various kinds), fastener, 
clamp, cramp, claap, clip, hook, catch, 

agrafer» v.t fasten (with an agrafe), clamp, 
cramp, clasp, clip, hook, lock. 

agrandir» v.t. enlarge; extend; exaggerate; 
aggrandise, exalt. — v.r. enlarge, become 
larger; increase, grow, extend. 

agrandissement» m. enlargement, etc. (see 

agréable» a. agreeable, pleasant, pleasing. 

agréablement» adv. agreeably, pleasantly. 

agréer» v.t. accept, receive favorably; approve; 
permit. — v.i. be pleasing, be acceptable. 

agrégat» m. aggregate. 

agrégation, /. aggregation; aggregate; admis- 
sion (into a society or company) ; (univer- 
sity) fellowship, admission to a fellowship. 

agrégé» m. a person who has been declared 
fitted to teach in a secondary school or in 
a university, fellow, temporary professor. 

agréger» v.t. aggregate; admit (into a society). 

agrément» m. consent, approval; agreeable- 
ness, pleasantness, charm; pleasure; orna- 

agrès» apparatus, equipment, implements, 

agressivement» adv. aggressively. 

agricole» a. agricultural. — m. agriculturist. 

agriculteur» m. agriculturist. — a. agricul- 

agripaume» /. motherwort {Leonurua oaràiaeoi), 

agronome» m. agronomist. — a. agronomic. 





» a. agronomio. 
, /. bent grass iAgrosHa). 
agaarrlr» «.<. inure, harden, season. 
•I» pr. i riruf. of avoir (to have). 
aldmnt» p.a. aiding. — m. aid, helper. 
aide» /. aid, help, assistance. — m. A/, assist- 
ant, helper, aid. 

— de laboratoire^ laboratory assistant. 
à V — de, with the aid of. 

alder, v.t. assist, help, aid. — v.r. (with de) 
make use (of) ; help oneself or one another; 
exert oneself. 

— en a'aidant de, with the aid of, with the 
emplojrment of. 

aldeHMNilBeiir, m. iCflaae) blower's assistant. 
aleul, IN. grandfather; (p{.) anoestors. 
aisle, m. eagle. 
algre, a. sour, tart, sharp; (of metals) brittle, 

cold-short; pi«roing, keen, harsh. — m. 

sourness, tartness, etc. 
terUir V — , smell sour. 
tottmer à V — ^ turn sour. 
algre-donx, a. between sweet and sour, sub- 
acid, sourish. 
aigrelet, a. sourish, subacid, slightly sour. 
algremolne, /. (Bot.) agrimony. 
algremore, m. powdered soft wood charcoal, 

used in psrrotechnics. 
algret, a. slightly sour, sourish, subacid. 
aigrette, /. aigrette, egret; (ZoOl) egret. 
aigrette, a. having an aigrette. 
aigreur, /. sourness, tartness, acidity; (of 

metals) brittleness, cold-shortness; hanÀ- 

ness; (Med., pi.) acidity of the stomadi. 
avoir de V — , be sour. 
algri, p.a. soured, etc. (see aigrir). 
aigrir, v.t. sour, turn sour; irritate; aggravate. 

— v.r. sour, turn sour; become irritated or 

algrlssement, m. souring, etc. (see aigrir). 
alga, a. pointed; acute; (of needles, etc.) 

sharp; (of sounds) shrill. 
algoayer, v.t. rinse, wash, water. 
algne-marlne, /. aquamarine. 
aiguille,/, needle; pointer, index, hand; spire, 

pinnacle, peak; (RaHwaye) switch, points. 

— à coudre^ sewing needle. 

— aimantée, magnetic needle. 

— à tricoter, knitting needle. 

— de boueeole, compass needle. 

— de funl, firing pin. 
"» de pin, pine needle. 

<— en >U de plaHne, platinum needle. 
algnlilé, a. needle-shaped, acicular. 
•iglllllette, /. long, narrow slice or strip; (of 
firearms) firing |>in; (of costumes) aiguil- 
algllllloii, m. thorn, spine, prickle; sting (of 
bees, etc.); goad; sharp peak. 
ff» v.t. goad; sting. 

aiguisage, algoltement, m 

aiguiser, v. t. acidify; sharpen. 
all, m. any speoies of AUium; usually, garlio 

(AlUum eoKtvum). 

— d'Aecalon, shallot. 

allé, /. wing (in various senses) ; flange; blade 
(of a propeller) ; sail (of a windmill) ; tooth 
(of a pinion) ; ale. 
-r- de moulin, (Olaaa) a warped form assumed 
by cylinder glass when the annealing fur- 
nace is too cold. 

allé, a. winged. 

aileron, m. blade, paddle (as on a mechanical 
stirrer or a water wheel) ; pinion (end of a 
bird's wing) ; fin; (of an airplane) aileron. 

aUette, /. small wing, blade, fin; lug, flange, 
stud, tenon. 

alDe, pr. 1 db S aim/, eubj. of allet (to go). 

aUlent, pr- S pi. avhj. of aller. 

aUleurSf adt. elsewhere, somewhere else, any- 
where else, 
d* — , moreover, besides, further, in addition; 

par — , by another way, by other means. 

aimable* a. lovely, amiable, kind. 

aimant, m. magnet; loadstone. 

— en fer à cheval, horseshoe magnet. 
almantaire, a. magnetic. 
aimantation, /. magnetisation. 
aimanté, p.a. magnetised, magnetic. 
aimanter, v.t. magnetise. — v.r. be magne- 
tised, become magnetic. 

almantin, a. magnetic; adamantine. 
aimer, v.t. love, like, be fond of. 

— mieux, like better, prefer. 
8* — d, like, be fond of. 

alne, m. groin. 

-aine. A suffix used in forming nouns from 
numeral adjectives; as, ime cinquantaine, 
fifty, half a hundred (not so definite as 

atné, a. eldest, elder, senior. 

ainsi, adv. so, thus. — conj. so, thus; there- 

— que, as, as well as. 

par — , therefore, consequently. 
pour — dire, so to say, as it were. 
air, m. air; (in furnaces) blast. 
— - ambiant, atmosphere. 

— carburé, carburetted air. 

— comprimé, compressed air. 

^-fixe, (Old Chem.) fixed air (carbon di» 
oxide) . 

— inflammable, (Old Chem.) inflammable air 
(hydrogen gas). 

— vicié, vitiated air, specif, choke damp. 

— vital, (Old Chem.) vital air (oxygen gas). 
atraln, m. bronse; brass (in the old indefinite 

sense of copper alloy). 

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1 de CorvfUhe^ Corinthian brome, Corin- 
thian braas (alloy of copper, gold and 
aire» /. area; (flat) surface; floor, floor «pace; 
platform; hearth, sole (of a' furnace); bed; 
face (as of a hammer) ; aerie. 
— de f/nttage^ roasting hearth, roasting fur- 

— de «erU, point of the compass. 
alralle»/. whortleberry, bluebcory (yaccinium). 
ais» m. board; (of a cask) stave; shelf. 

— de ccarton, pasteboard. 
alwneey /. ease; (pi) water closet. 

alae» /. ease; (pi.) comforts; joy, enjoyment. 

— a. glad, content. 
Alséf a. easy; well o£F. 
aisément, adv. easily. 
alssante, /., alsseaa, m. shingle. 
aisseDe» /. (AnaL, etc.) axilla. 
aJoIntOT» v.t. join end to end. 

ajouré, p.a. containing openings, perforated. 

ajourer» v.t. make openings in, perforate. 

ajoarnement, m. adjournment, etc. (see 

ajourner, v. t. adjourn; postpone; assign, sum- 
mon. — v.r. adjourn, be adjourned; be 

ajouté, m. addition. 

ajouter, v.t. & n. add. — v.r. be added. 

— Soi d, put faith in, believe. 
ajoutoir, m. = ajutage. 

ajustage, m. adjusting, fitting, finishing. 
ajustement, m. adjustment, etc. (see ajuster). 
ajuster, v.t. adjust; fit; fit up, arrange; tune; 
aim, aim at; attire, adorn; (Maài^ fit. 

— v.r. be adjusted; be fitted; fit; agree; 
be reconciled; dress. 

ajusteur, m. adjuster; fitter; siser (of coins). 

ajustoir, m. coin balance. 

ajutage, m. outlet tube, efflux tube, discharge 

tube or pipe, ajutage; (of a burette) tip. 
ajutoir, m. ^ ajutage. 
alabandlne, /. (Mtn.) alabandite. 
•lambie, m. still; (02d Chem:) alembic. 

— d «tpAon, siphon still. 

— â^e^iai^ testing still, still for analytical 

•lambiquer, v.t. distill; make too subtle; 

alandler» m. alandier (fireplace placed at the 
base of certain special furnaces or kilns and 
fired from the outside). 

alanine, /. alanine. 

alarmant, p.a. alarming. 

alarme, /. alarm. 

alarmer, v.t. alarm. — v.r. be alarmed; be un- 

albâtre, m. alabaster; a kind of white flint 

— calcaire, calcareous alabaster. 

albfttie ffvpseux, gsrpseous alabaster. 

— oriental, Orieatal alabaster (oaloareom 

alberge, /. clingstone peaoh (or apricot). 
albinisme, m. albinism. 
albinos, m. à: a. albino. 
albuglneux, a. albugineous. 
albumen, m. albumen. 

— comi, homy albumen. 
albumine, /. albumin. 

albuminé, albumlneui, a. albuminous; (of 

paper) albuminized, albumen. 
albumlnlmdtre, m. albuminimeter. 
albumlnolde, a. dk m. albuminoid. 
albuminurie, /. albuminuria. 
albumlnurlque, a. albuminuric. 
albumolde, m. albumoid. 
albumose, n. albumose. 
alealamlde, /. (Org. Chem.) alkalanude (an 

i\r-acyl derivative of an amine, whether 

aliphatic or not). 
alealeseence, /. alkalescence, alkaleecency. 
alealescent, a. alkalescent. 
alcali, m. alkali. 

— carhonatêt alkali carbonate. 

— vaiatU, volatile alkali (old name for 

— vdaiU concret, anmionium carbonate (old 

aleallflant, a. alkalifying. 

alcallgène, a. alkaligenous. — m. alkaligen 

(an old name for nitrogen). 
aleallmètre, m. alkalimeter. 
aleallmétrle, /. alkalimetry. 
aleallmétrlque, a. alkalimetric(al). 
alcaUn, a. alkaline. — m. alkaline substance, 

alkali; alkali metal. 
alcallnlsatlon, /. alkalization. 
aleallnlser, v.t. render alkaline, alkalise. 
aleallnlté, /. alkalinity. 
alcallno-barytlque, a. (Ceram.) alkalino- 

barytic, containing alkali metal and barium. 
alcallno-plomblfère, a. (Ceram.) alkalino- 

plumbiferous, containing alkali metal and 

alcallno-salé, a. (Soap) alkalino-saline, con* 

taining alkali and salt. 
aleallno-slllceux, a. alkaUnosiliceous, contain- 
ing alkali and silica. 
alcallno-terreux, a. alkaline-earth. — m. 

alkaline-earth metal. 
alcaUsatlon, /. alkalization. 
alcallser, v.t. alkalize, render alkaline. 
alcaloïde, a. alkaloid, alkaloidal. — m. aSktm 


— animal, animal alkaloid. 

— végétal, vegetable alkaloid, plant alkaloid. 
alcaloldlque, a. alkaloid, alkaloidal. 
alcarazas, alcarraza, m. alcarrasa (watei 

cooler of porous earthenware). 

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ileblmle, /. alchemy. 

■Ifthtmiqiic a. alohemioal, alchemic, alche- 

«Irhtmlwte, m. alchemist. 
aloool, m. alcohol. 

— <Â8olu, absolute alcohol. 

— aUyligue, allyl alcohol. 

— amylique, amyl alcohol. 

— amylique de fermentation^ amyl alcohol of 
fermentation (a mixture of 2- and 3- 
methylbutanol) . 

— anisiquet anisyl alcohol. 

— bensy/iffiM, bensyl alcohol. 

— btUyHque^ butyl alcohol. 

— oamph4iliquef bomeol. 

— oamphrét spirit of camphor. 

— eaprigue^ decyl alcohol. 

— eaproique^ hexyl alcohol. 

— capryUQue, octyl alcohol. 

— earburi, carburetted aloohoL 

— drylique (or cérotiQue)^ oeryl aloohoL 

— cinnamique, cinnamic aloohol. 

— oonifirt^ique, ooniferyl alcohol. 

— de beUeravea, beet alcohol, beetroot spirit. 

— de c€Bur, in the rectification of aloohol, the 
third portion to distill over, following the 
moyens coûte and preceding the bon goût. 

— de fécule^ starch spirit, fecula brandy. 

— de menthe^ spirit of peppermint. 

— dénaturé^ denatured aloohol. 

— dUué, diluted aloohol, dilute alcohol. 

— d'indiutrict industrial alcohol. 

— ithalique, oetyl alcohol, eth^. 

— ithyUnique, glycol, ethylene glycol (1, 

— itkyHque, ethyl aloohol. 

— fin, in the rectification of alcohol, the 
purest portion of the distillate, Cologne 
spirit. It is the first part of the bon goût. 

— furfunitque, furfuryl alcohol (2-furan- 

— hexyiique, hexyl alcohol. 

— indiulriel, industrial alcohol, alcohol for 
use in the arts. 

— maumiè goût, amyl alcohol of fermentation 
(a mixture of ^ and 3-methyI-l-butanol). 

— miliesique, melissyl (myricyl) alcohol. 

— mêthyiiqiÂe, methyl idcohol. 

— myridque, msrrioyl alcohol. 

— ordinaire, common or ordinary alcohol 
(ethyl aloohol; specif., a distillate of about 
80 to 95 per cent strength). 

I — phênj^éthylique, phenethyl alcohol. 
' — pipéronyUque, piperonyl aloohol. 

— primaire, primary alcohol. 

— propargylique, propargyl alcohol. 

— propyiiqWt propyl alcohol. 

— eeoondaire, secondary alcohol. 
— aubérique {cr eubirylique), suberyl alcohol 


alcool euifuré, mercaptan, thioL 

— eupérieur, higher alcohoL 

— terpénique, terpene alcohoL 

— tertiaire, tertiary alcohol. 

— thionylique, see thionylique. 

— vaniUique, vanillic alcohol, vaniUyl aloohol. 

— vinique, vinio aloohol, ethyl aloohol. 
alooolase, /. alcoholase (symase). 
alooolaty m. (Pharm.) spirit (strictly, one made 

from alcohol and a plant by distillation: 
one made simply by dissolving the volatile 
principle in alcohol is properly called tein- 
ture d' essence). 

— ammoniacal aromatique, aromatic spirit of 

^-ammoniacal fétide, fetid spirit of am^ 

— antisoorbutique, compound spirit of harso- 

aleoolate, m. (Org. Chem.) alcoholate. 

aleoolatlire, /. iPharm.) tincture of a fresh 
herb or herbs, alcoholature. 

alooolé* m. (alcoholic) tincture. 

(For the meaning of phrases see the corre- 
sponding phrases under teinture.) 

aloooUflcatloii* /. conversion into alcohoU 

alooollqao, a. alcoholic. 

alooollqaement, adv. alcohoIicaUy. 

aloooUsable, a. alcoholizable. 

alooollsatloii, /. alcoholization. 

aloooliser, v.t. alcoholize. 

alcoolisé» p.a. alcoholized; containing alcohoL 

aloooUsme, m. alcoholism. 

alooolomdtro, m. alcoholometer. 

alooolométrie» /. alcoholometry. 

alooolyse, /. alcoholysis. 

alooolyser, v.t. alcoholyse. 

alooomètré» m. alcoholometer. 

alcoométrie, /. alcoholometry. 

aloooscople» /. alcoholoscopy, alcoholometry, 

alcoosol, m. alcosol. 

alcoylatioii* /. alkylation. 

alcoyle, m. alkyl. 

alcoylé, p.a. alkylated; alkyl (as, radical al* 
coyU, alkyl radical). 

alcoyler, v.t. alkylate. 

aldéhydate» m. compound with an aldehyde. 

— éCammoniague, aldehyde ammonia. 
aldéhyde, m. aldehyde. 

— acétique, acetic aldehyde, acetaldehyde. 

— aUylique, acrolein. 

— anisiquef anisic aldehyde, anisaldehyde. 

— benzcflque, benzoic aldehyde, benzaldehyde. 

— butylique, butyl aldehyde (either normal 
butyraldehyde or isobutyraldehyde). 

— cinnamiqu/e, cinnamic aldehyde, cinnam- 

— croUmique, crotonic aldehyde, orotonaldo* 

Digitized by 




ftldéhyde cuminique, cumic aldehyde, oumalde- 
hyde, cuminaldehyde. 

— éthalique, palmitaldehyde. 

— éthylique, ethyl aldehyde (acetaldehyde). 

— fonnique, formaldehyde, formic aldehyde. 

— glyccUque, glycolaldehyde, glycolic alde- 

— €Bnanthvlique^ enanthaldehyde, enanthole, 

— protocatéchique, protocatechualdehyde, 
protocatechuic aldehyde. 

— aalicylique, salicylaldehyde, salicylic alde- 

— taiuigue, tolualdehyde, toluic aldehyde. 

— trichloré, trichloroacetaldehyde, chloral. 

— vaUriquet valeraldehyde, valeric alde- 

— vinique, acetaldehyde. 
aldéhydiqne* a. aldehydic, aldehyde (as, 

ffroupement aldéhydique, aldehyde group). 

aldohexose, /. aldohexose. 

aldol, m. aldol. 

aldoUsatlon, /. aldolization. 

aldoUser, v.t. aldolise. 

aldonlque, a. aldonio. 

aldose» n. aldose. 

aldoxlme, m. aldoxime. 

aie, /. aie. 

aléa, m. chance, hazard. 

aléatoire, a. hazardous, uncertain. 

alêne, /. awl. 

alentour, adv. around, about. — envi- 

alerte, a, alert, quick. — /. alert, alarm. 

— au gazt (Mil.) gas alarm. 

alésage, m. bore, internal diameter; boring 

aléSOT, v.t. bore, bore smooth, drill. 
alésense, /. drill, drilling machine. 
alésolr, m. boring tool or machine, borer, 

broach, reamer, bit. 
alésnre, /. borings. 
alétrls, m. (fiot) Aletris. 

— farineux, colic root (A. farinosa). 
alenromètre, m. aleurometer. 
alenrone, /. aleurone. 

alexlne, /. alexin. 

alfa, m. esparto, alfa (Stipa tenacisnma). 

alfénlc, m. alphenic, sugar candy. 

alfénlde, m. alfenide. 

algarobUle, n. algarobilla. 

alsaroth, m. powder of Algaroth, algaroth. 

algèbre, /. ^ebra. 

algébrique, a. algebraic (al). 

a^brlquement, adv. algebraically. 

Alger, n. Algiers. 

Algérie, /. Algeria. 

algérien, a. Algerian, Algerine. 

a^ne,/. (Bot.) alga (pi. algœ). 

alidade, /. alidade. 


aliéné, p.a. alienated; insane. 

aliéner, v.t. alienate; sell; transfer. — v.r. be 

alienated; become insane. 
alignement, m. alignment; line, straight 


aligner, v.t. align; line up, arrange, provide. 
aliment, m. food; nourishment; sustenance; 

(Mach.) material supplied, supply, feed; 

(Bad.) medium. 

— d'épargne, protein-sparing food. 

— respiraloire, respiratory food. 
alimentaire, a. alimentary, for or pertainixig 

to food; (Mech.) feed, feeding. 

allmentateur, m. (Mech.) feeder, feed. — a. 
alimentary, nourishing. 

alimentation, /. alimentation, nutrition; sup- 
plying, supply; (Mech.) feeding, feed. 

alimenter, v. t. feed; supply; nourish; main- 

alimenteax, a. nourishing, nutritive, alimentaL 

alinéa, m. paragraph; break. 

aliphatique, a. aliphatic. 

aiiquote, a. aliquot. — /. aliquot part. 

alizarine, /. alizarin. 

alkékenge, m. alkekend (Physalia alkekengt), 

alkermds, m. (Old Pharm.) alkermes. 

alkyler, v.t. alkylate. 

alkylurée, /. alkylurea. 

alia, p.def. S sing, of aller (to go). 

allaitement, m. (infant) feeding, suckling. 

allantolde, /. (Anat.) allantois. 

allantolne, /. allantoin. 

allé, p.p. of aller (to go). 

allégement, m. lightening, easing, relief. 

alléger, v.t. lighten, ease, relieve, alleviate. 

all^^, v.t. reduce in size or thickness. 

allègre, a. brisk, lively; vivacious; gay. 

allègrement, adv. briskly; gaily. 

allégresse, /. briskness, liveliness; vivacity. 

alléluia, m. wood sorrcd (Oxalia acetoseUa)* 

AUemagne, /. Germany. 

allemand, a. <k m. German. 

aliène, m. aliène. 

allénique, a. aliène (as, hydrocarbure aUinigue. 
aliène hydrocarbon). 

aller, v.i. go; be in motion; extend; progress; 
continue, last; tend; amount; fit; be 
becoming, harmonize; (with infinitive) be 
going, be about (to). — v.r. (with en) go 
away, leave, disappear; escape, leak; 
evaporate; die; be neaxly; (with infini- 
tive) be going, be about (to). — m. going, 

— à la lessive, (of fabrics) stand lye, wash. 

— au-devant de, meet, go to meet. 

— au feu, stand fire, endure fire. 

— chercher, see under chercJier. 

— de soi, go without saying, be self-evident. 
—^ ensemble, go together, harmonize, make a 

' set. 

Digitized by 





all2r trouver, seek out. 

allons^ come! let's go! 

en — , go away, disappear, etc. (see aller, 
v.r.); turn out, happen. 

faire — , make go, start, drive, run. 

s'en — , see aller, v.r. 

y — , go at it, proceed; be a question (of). 
alliacé, a. alliaoeous. 
alliage, /. alloy; {Arith.) alligation. 

— de Wood, Wood's alloy. Wood's metal. 

— de Roue, Rose's alloy, Rose's metal. 
aUlance, /. alliance. 

allié, p.a. alloyed; allied. — m. (and alUée, 
/.) ally; relation by marriage. 

ailler, v.t. alloy; unite; blend; ally; marry. 
— v.r. alloy, form an alloy; unite; become 
allied; harmonize, blend; intermarry. 

aUoeatlon, /. allowance, grant. 

anodnnailllQlie^ a. allooinnamio, aSo-cinna- 

aOonge, /. adapter; percolator, extraction 
tube; the jacket of a certain type of up- 
right condenser; extension piece eking 
pieoe; {Mach,) coupling rod. 
—^ à déplacement, percolator. 

alloiisenient, m. lengthening, elongation, pro- 
longation, extension, stretching, stretch. 

alloiiser, v.L lengthen, elongate, prolong; 
stretch out, extend; draw out, (of metals) 
wiredraw. — v.r. lengthen, grow longer; 
extend; be extended. 

aHoilS, pr, indie, A imper. 1 pi. of aller (to go). 

allophane, /. {Min.) allophane. 

aOotrople, /. allotropy. 

allotroplqae, a. allotropie. 

allotfoplsnie, m. allotropism. 

aDouer, v.t. allow, grant. 

aDoxane, m. alloxan. 

àOoxaniqae, a. alloxanio. 

anoxanttae, /. alloxantin. 

aOachon, m. (Mach.) cog, tooth. 

afin mage, m. lighting; ignition (as in explo- 
sion engines). 

aHume-fea, m. kindling, piece of kindling. 

allume-gi», m. gas lighter. 

allamer, v.t. light, kindle, set fire to; fire (a 
furnace, or the like) ; excite. — v.r. light, 
take fire, light up; be excited. 

allumette, /. match. 

" à friâion, friction match. 
■—' amorphe, safety match. 
■—' Mimique, chemical match. 
~~ eongrèoe, Congreve match. 
-^ de eûreti, safety match; fusee. 

— soufrée, sulfur match, brimstone match. 

— pîiosphoriqite, phosphorus match. 

— euédoiee, Swedish match; safety match. 
allamette-boiigle, /. wax match, vesta. 
allameur, m. igniter; primer; lighter. 
allamlère, /. match factory; match box. 

allumolr, m. lighter. — a. lighting. 

alllire, /. course, direction; working (of a fur- 
nace or kiln); gait, pace; conduct. 
- crue, (Metal.) poor working, irregular 

alluvial, alluvlen, a. alluvial. 

alluvion, m. alluvium, alluvion. 

alluvionnaire, a. alluvial. 

alluvlonnement, m. alluviation. 

allyle, m. allyl. 

aUylé, a. allyl. 

allylène, m. alb^lene. 

all jrlénure, m. a metallic derivative of allylene , 
allylenide (as, aUylénure de mercure). 

allyllque, a. allyl. 

almanach, m. almanac. 

almandlne, /. {Min ) almandite, almandine. 

aloes, aloes, m. aloes, aloe. 

— cabaUin, caballine aloes, horse aloes. 

— dépuré, purified aloes. 

— hépatique dea Barhades, Barbados aloes. 

— eocotrin (or eucotrin), Sokotrine aloes.' 
aloétlne, /. aloêtin. 

aloétlque, a. & m. aloetic. 

alol, m. standard fineness, standard; alloy; 

alolne, /. aloin. 
alolque, a. aloetic. 
alonge, etc. See allonge, etc. 
alors, adv. then, at that time, in that case. 
—"que, when; even if, altho. 
jtuqu* — f till then. 
alouette, /. lark. 
alourdir, v.t. render heavy; increase (weight); 

load (fabrics, paper, etc.) ; render dull. 
alourdissement, m. rendering heavy, etc. (see 

alourdir); heaviness, dullness. 
aloyage, m. bringing to standard fineness; al- 
loying; alloy. 
aloyer, v.t. bring (gold or silver) to standard 

fineness; alloy. 
alpaca, aliiaga, m. alpaca. 
Alpes, Alps. 

alpestre, a, Alpine; (Bot.) alpestrine, sub- 
alphabétique, a. alphabetic (al). 
alphabétiquement, adv. alphabetically. 
alphabétiser, v.t. alphabetize, alphabet. 
alphénlc, alphœnlx, m. alphenic, sugar candy. 
alphénol, m. a compound which is both an 

alcohol and a phenol, alphenol. 
alpin, a. Alpine, alpine. 
alqulfoux, m. (Ceram.) alquifou. 
alsacien, a. Alsatian. 
altérabilité, /. alterabiUty. 
altérable, a. alterable; unstable; (of foods) 

altérant, p.a. alterant; causing thirst; (Med.) 
alterative. — m. alterant; (Med.) alter- 

Digitized by 




alténtif, a. alterative. 

altéfatton, /. alteration, adulteration, etc. (see 

altéré, p.a. altered, adulterated, etc. (see 

altérer, v.t. alter; specif., change for the worse, 
impair, spoU, adulterate (food), debase 
(coin) , disturb ; make thinty . — v.r. alter, 
be altered, undergo change, deteriorate, 
spoil. — v.i. excite thirst. 

alternance, /. alternation. 

alternant, p.a. alternating; alternate. 

alternateur, m. alternator. 

altematiff, a. alternate; alternative; (^lec.) 
alternating; (M<ich.) reciprocating. 

alternation, /. alternation ; (of crops) rotation. 

altemattve, /. alternation; alternative. 

altematlTenient, adv. alternately, in succes- 

alterne, a. (Oeom. <& Bot.) alternate. 

alterner, v.i. alternate; rotate crops. 

althée, m. (fiot.) althea. 

althélne, /. altheine (asparagine). 

alade, /. (Leather) aluta. 

aladel, m. aludel. 

aluine, /. wormwood (old name). 

alnmelle, /. blade (of a knife or the Hke). 

alamen, m. (Pharm.) alumen, alum. 

alamlnage, m. alumination; specif., {Dyeing) 
treatment with an aluminium mordant. 

alumlnalre, a. aluminiferous. 

alumlnate, m. aluminate. 

alnmlne, /. alumina. 

alnminé, a. aluminous. 

alnmlner, «..'. aluminate, aluminiie. 

alamlnenz, a. aluminous. 

alnmlnlimi, m. aluminium, aluminum. 

alaminlum-éthyle, m. aluminium ethyl. 

alamlnlnmfenrosillclnm, m. an alloy of alu- 
minium, iron and silicon. 

alumlnlam-méthyle, m. aluminium methyl. 

alumlno-ferrlqae, alumino-fermglneax, a. 
of or pertaining to aluminium and iron, 

alamlno-metaUargie, /. aluminometallurgy. 

alnmlno-thermie, /. aluminothermy. 

alamino-thermique, a. aluminothermic. 

alun, m. alum. 

— ammoniacal^ ammonium alum, ammonia 

— calciné, — hrûlé, burnt alum. 

— ^ ammoniaque^ anmionia alum, ammonium 
aliun. ^ 

— dc chrome, chrome alum. 

— de fer, iron alum. 

— de fer ammoniacal, ammonium iron alum. 
— de plume, feather alum (halotrichite, alun- 

ogen or epsomite). 

— de potaeee, potash alum, potassiiun alum. 

— de roche, rock alum (Roman alum). 


de Rome, Roman alum. 

— de aoude, soda alum. 

— deeêéché, burnt alum. 

— ordinaire, common alum (potaanumalum). 

— romain, Roman alum. 
alnnage, m. aluming. 
alanation, /. preparation of alum. 
aluné, p.a. alumed, containing alum. 
alnner, v.t. alum. 

alanerie, /. alum works. 

alunltee, /. alum pit; alum wcrks. 

alunlftee, a. aluminiferous. 

alunite, /. (Min.) alunite. 

alunogdne, m. (Min.) alunogen. 

alute, /. (Ijeather) aluta. 

alvéolaire, a. alveolar. 

alvéole, m. A f. cell, small cavity; socket; seat 

(mechanical sense); alveolus. 
alysflon, alysse, m. (Bot.) Alyssum. 
Am, symbol for ammonium. 
amabilité, /. amiability, kindness. 
amadou, m. amadou, punk, (German) tinder. 
anuulouerie, /. amadou factory. 
anuulouvler, m. tinder fungus; specif., tinder 

agaric (Pdyponu igniariue). 
amaigri, p.a thin, lean. 
amaigrir, v.t. make thin, thin, reduce; im- 

poverish (soil); (Ceram.) thin, lean (clay). 

— v.r. become thin or l«ftn; shrink. 
anudgrissant, p.a. making thin, etc. (see 

amaigrir). — m. (Ceram.) thinning agent, 

leaning material, 
amaigrissement, m. growing thin or lean; losa 

of flesh, emadatioh. 
amalgamation, /. amalgamation. 
amalgame, m. amalgam. 
amalgamer, v.t. & i. amalgamate. 
amalgameur, m. amalgamator. 
amande, /. almond; kernel; nucleus. 

— amkre, bitter almond. 

— douce, sweet almond, 
en — , almond-shaped. 

amande, a. containing or treated with almonds. 

— m. almond milk, milk of almonds. 
amandine, /. a cosmetic having an ahnond 

base; iQrg. Chem.) amandin. 

amanite, /. (Bot.) amanita. 

amant, m., amante, /. lover. 

amarante, /. amarantii. 

amarescent, a. bitterish, slightly bitter. 

anuurine, /. amarine. 

amas, m. mass; heap: accumulation; crowd; 
(Mining) pipe, pipe vein. 

amasser, v.t. amass, collect, gather, accumu- 
late. — v.r. collect, gather. 

amateur, m. lover; amateur. — a. fond (oOt 
interested (in). 

amati, p.a. mat, unpolished, deadened, dead. 

amatir, v.t. mat, render mat, 

Digitized by 





amlliailt» a. atmoepherio; ambient, surround- 
ambigu, a. ambiguous. 
ambignlté, /. ambiguity, ambiguousnesa. 
ambigiiiiient» adv. ambiguously. 
ambittonner» v.t. aspire to. 
ambre, m. amber. 

— Uanct spermaceti. 

— gri», ambergris. 

— jaunet yellow amber, ordinary amber. 
ambré» a. amber-oolored, amber; ambered 

(perfumed with ambergris). 
ambrette, /. amber seed, musk seed, ambrette 

(seed of the abehnosk). 
ambrolde, m. ambroid. 
ambrolne»/. ambroln (an insulating material). 
ambrofiie, /. (fiot.) ragweed (Ambrosia), 
ftme» /. c<M«; (of firearms) bore; (of bellows) 

valve; soul. 

— de chargement^ loading tube. 
améUoratioii, /. improvement, betterment, 

amelioration; {Metal.) a treatment of ore 
to improve its condition, as by exposât^ to 
the weather or to water. 

v.t. improve, ameliorate; purify 
(metals); correct. — v.r. improve. 
» m. (Com.) carriage. 

aménagemrat, m. management, etc. (see 
en — , in preparation, under construction. 

aménager, v.t. manage; prepare, fit up; saw 

amende, /. fine. 

amendement, m. improvement, amendment; 
(Agric.) amendment (a substance which 
improves the soil by modifying its physical 
properties rather than by supplying plant 
food; according to one authority amende- 
menl has been used to mean the amotmt 
of fertiliser necessary to replace the ma- 
terial removed by a crop). 

amender, v.t. improve, amend, reclaim; im- 
prove (soil) by the use of amendments (see 
amendement). — o.t. improve, mend. 

amenée,/, bringing, etc. (see amener); inlet, 
inflow, entrance. 

amener, v.t. bring, lead, conduct, bring in, 
introduce, admit; lower (a flag). 

f, v.t. make thin, reduce in sise. 
», a. bitter. — m. bitter substance; (pZ.) 
bitters; gall. 

— de Zhsu/, ox gall. 

— de Welter, — WeUer, picric acid. 
américain, a. db m. American. 
Amérique, /. America. 

— du Nord, du Centre (or centrale), du Sud, 
Nortii, Central, South America. 

amertume, /. bittcâ'ness. 
améthyste, m. amethyst. 
ameublir, v.t. (of soil) mellow, loosen. 

ameubiissement, m. mellowing, loosening (d 

ami, 1». friend. — a. friendly. 
amiantaeé, a. amianthoid, amianthine. 
amiante, m. (fibrous) asbestos, amianthus. 

— platiné, platinised asbestos. 
amiante, p.a. covered or treated with asbestos; 

as, toile métallique amiantée (asbestos wire 

amiantin, a. asbestine, asbestos. 
amiantine, /. asbestos cloth. 
amibe, /. (ZoOl.) ameba, amœba. 
amibolde, a. (fiiol.) ameboid, amœboid. 
amidase, /. amidase. 
amide, /. amide. 

— acétique, acetamide, acetic amide. 

— adde, acid amide. 

amide, a. amido; (when the substance is of the 
nature of an amine and not an amide) 
amino; (less correctly) ammino (as, cmn- 
poeis amidéê du chrome, ammino oom* 
pounds of chromium). 

amide-aleaii, m. alcalamide. 

amidillcation, /. conversion into an amide, 

amidine, /. amidine (an aminoimino base); 
amidin (from starch). 

amido-. amino-, amido- (should be translated 
amido- only when the compound is of 
amide nature, otherwise amino-). 

amidoaiolque, a. aminoazo. 

amidogène, m. amidogen (the group NH«). 

amidol, m. (Photog. <k Chem.) amidol. « 

amidon, m. starch (especially in its industrial 
uses; cf. fécule). 

— nitri, nitrated starch, nitro starch. 

— aohible, soluble starch. 

amidonné, p.a. starch; starched. 

amidonner, v.t. treat with starch, starch. 

amidonnerie, /. starch factory, starch works. 

amidonnier, m. starch maker, starch manu- 
facturer; starch dealer; a kind of grain 
similar to spelt. 

amidonnière, /. a kind of kneading trough 
used in starch manufacture. 

amidophénol, m. aminophenol. 

amidure, m. (metallic) amide; any compound 
(as HgiNHsCI) in which ammoniacal hy- 
drogen is replaced by a metal. 

aminci, p.a. made thin or thinner, thin; slen- 
der. — m. any thin part of a device cr 

amincir, v.t. make thin or thinner, reduce in 
thickness. — v.r. become thin. 

amincissement, m. making thin, etc. (see 

amine, /. amine. 

— acide, amino acid, acid amine. 
aminé, a. aminated, amino. 
aminogène, m. aminogen, amidogen. 

uigiiizea Dy 'vjv^/'e/'v i*L 




ftmllioiiaphtol* m. aminonaphthol. 

amlnophélioi, m. aminophenol. 

amlnurée, /. substituted urea (formed from 

an amine). 
amitié» /. friend^p; favor; attraction; (of 

colors) harmony. 
amméllne» /. ammeline. 
ammonal, m. (^xpl.) ammonal. 
ammoniac, a. ammoniacal; ammoniac. 
ammoniacal, a. ammoniacal. 
ammonlacallté, /. ammoniacal quality. 
ammoniacaux, pi. maac. of ammoniacal. 
ammonlacé, a. ammoniated, ammoniacal. 
ammonlaco-. « ammonico-. 
ammonlaco-cobaltlque, a. of or pertaining 

to ammonium and cobalt. 
ammonlaco-magnéslen, a. of or pertaining 

to ammonium and magnesium (as, p?io8- 

p?iate ammoniaco-magnêsien, ammonium 

magnesium phosphate). 
ammonladynamlte,/. (Expl.) ammonia dynar- 

ammonlagélatine,/. (^xpl.) ammonia gelatin. 
ammoniaque, /. ammonia. 

— composée, (Org. Chem.) ammonia derivar 

— liquide, liquid ammonia. 

— liquide officinale, (Pharm.) anmionia 
water, aqua ammoniœ. 

ammonlate, m. ammoniate. 

ammonico-. A combining form used in com- 
pound adjectives to denote ammonium. 

ammo^comanganeax, a. of or pertaining to 
ammonium and bivalent manganese (as, 
phosphate ammonicomanganeux, ammo- 
nium manganous phosphate). 

ammonlcosodlque, a. of or pertaining to 
ammonium and sodium. 

ammonlé, a. ammoniated. 

ammonlo-* ammonio-, of ammonia or am- 

ammonlo-lrldlqae, a. of or pertaining to 
ammonia and iridium. 

ammonlo-métalUque, a. of or pertaining to 
ammonium and a metal. 

ammonlo-platlnlque, a. of or pertaining to 
ammonia and platinum. 

ammonium, m. ammonium. 

ammonlure, m. ammoniate. 

amniotique, a. amniotic. 

amoindrir, v.t. & r. diminish, decrease. 

amollir, v.t. & r. soften; weaken. 

amome, m. (Bot.) Amomum. 

amonceler, v.t. & r. pile up, accumulate, amass. 

amorçage, m. priming, etc. (see amorcer). 

amorce, /. priming, primer; fuse; beginning, 
opening, entrance; bait; allurement; 
(Drawing) sketching, indication. — o. 
priming, starting, (of a burner) pilot. 
— > à étincelles, high-tension fuse. 

à friction, friction primer. 

— à percussion, percussion primer. 

— cirée, wax primer. 

— d'âme, central primer. 

— de quantiié, quantity fuse, low-tensioB 

— de tension, high-tension fuse. 

— périphérique, rim-fire primer. 

— voltalgue, low-tension fuse. 
amorccment, m. priming, etc. (see amoroer). 

>, v.t. prime (a gun, a siphon, etc.); 
start (as a pump, a dynamo, crystalliza- 
tion); (Tech.) make ready in some way; 

m. primer; starter; baiter. — a. 
priming, starting. 

amorçolr, m. primer box; an instnunent for 
beginning holes, as a center bit. 

amordancer, v.t. mordant. 

amorphe, a. amorphous. 

amorphic, /. amorphism. 

amorti, p.a. deadened, etc. (see amortir). 

amortir, 1. 1. deaden; damp (vibrations); re- 
duce in intensity, tone down, diminish, 
weaken; pay, pay for, liquidate, amortise. 

amortissement, m. deadening, etc. (see amor- 
tir); amortisation; finishing ornament, 
coping, finial. 

amortisseur, m. deadener, damper, etc. (see 
amortir); (E^.) dimmer; shock absorber. 

amoullle, /. colostrum of cows, beestings. 

amouler, t.t. grind (on a grindstone). 

amour, m. love. 

amour-propre, m. self-love, self-esteem. 

amovible, a. removable; revocable. 

amperage, m. (Elec.) amperage. 

ampère, m. (JSlec.) ampere. 

ampère-heure, m. (^lec.) ampere hour. 

ampèremètre, m. (Elec.) ammeter, ampere- 

amphibie, a. amphibious. — m. amphibian. 

amphibole, /. (Min.) amphibole. 

amphlbollte, /. (Petrog.) amphibolite. 

amphlgène, a. (Bot. <è Old Chem.) amphi- 
genous. — m. amphigen; (Min.) leucite. 

amphitheatre, m. auditorium, lecture hall; 

amphore, /. amphora. 

amphot^, a. amphoteric. 

amplement, adv. amply, fully. 

ampleur, /. ampleness, breadth, fullness. 

ampliation, /. copy, duplicate. 

pour — , true copy (an official certification). 

amplifiant, p.a. amplifying; (Optica) mag- 

amplificateur, a. amplifying; enlarging; ex- 
aggerating. — m. amplifier; (PhAog.) en- 
larging camera. 

ampllficatlff, a. amplifying; (Optica) 

uigitizea Dy 





smpllllcatloii,/. amplification; magnification. 

amplificatrice, fem. of amplificateur. 

amplifier, v.t. amplify; magnify; exaggerate. 

amplltade, /. amplitude. 

ampoule, /. bulb; a bulbous vessel (see the 
phrases below); (Phann.) ampoule; blis- 
ter; ampulla. 

— à brame, bromine funnel, dropping funnel. 

— d décantcUiont — à déixmtert separating 

— à robinet, dropping funnel; separating 

— eompte-gouttes, medicine dropper. 

— de Crookes, Crookes tube. 
ampoulé, a. blistered; (of style) turgid. 
amponler, v.t. blister. 
amponlette, /. Diminutive of ampoule. 
amasant, p.a. amusing, entertaining. 
amusement, m. amusement; pretext; trifling. 
amoser, v.t. amuse; deceive; waste. 
amygdale, /. tonsil. 

amjsdallii, a. amygdaline (of or pertaining to 

almonds); tonsillar. 
amjrgdallne, /. amygdalin (the glucoside). 
amygdallque, a. amygdalic. 
amygdaloide, a. amygdaloid, amygdaloidal. 
amylacé, a. amylaceous, starchy. 
amylacétiqtte, a. In the phrase ither amyl- 

acétique, amyl acetate. 
amylamlne, /. amylamine. 
amylase, /. amylase. 
amj^aaotettx, a. In the phrase Hher amylazo' 

teux, amyl nitrite. 
amylbromhydrlqae, a. In the phrase Wur 

amylbromhtfdrigue, amyl bromide. 
mmylclilorliydrlqae, a. In the phrase ether 

amylMorhydrique, amyl chloride, 
amyle, m. amyl. 
mmylène, m. amylene. 
amylformiqae, a. In the phrase ether amyl- 

formigw, amyl formate. 
am^Uodhydrlque, a. In the phrase ither 

amvliodhydrigue, amyl iodide. 
amyllque, a. amyl; (of fermentation) amylio. 
amylnltareiix, a. — amylasoteux. 
amylolde, /. amyloid. — a. amyloid, amyl- 

amylolyttqae, a. amylolytic. 
amylopectlne, /. amylopectin. 
amylose, /. amylose. 
an, m. year. 
anacarde, m. fruit of the cashew, including the 

hypocarp (cashew apple) and nut (cashew 

nut); anacardium. 
anacardier, m. (Bot.) anacardium. 
anaerobic, a. iBact.) anaerobic. — m. anae- 
analgésie, analgle, /. analgesia, analgia. 
analgésine, analglne, /. analgesine (anti- 


analgésique, analglqae, a. A m. analgesio; 

analogie, /. analogy. 
analogique, a. analogic, analogical. 
analogiquement, adv. analogically. 
analogue, a. analogous. — m. analog. 
analysable, a. analysable. 
analyse, /. analysis. 

— chimique, chemical analsrsis. 

— élémentaire, elementary analysbi, ultimate 

— immédiate, proximate analysis. 

— epectraie, spectriun analysis. 
analyser, v.t. analyse. 
analyseur, m. analyzer; analyst. 
analyste, m. analyst. — a. analjrtical. 
analytique, a. analytic, analytical. — /. ana- 


analytiquement, adv. analytically. 

ananas, m. pineapple, ananas. 

anaphylactique, a. anaphylactic. 

anaphylatoxlne, /. anaphylatozin. 

anaphylaxle, /. anaphylaxis. 

anastlgmat(e), -matlque, a. anastigmatio. 

anastlgmat, m. anastigmat. 

anastomose, /. anastomosis. 

anastomoser, v.r. anastomose. 

anate, /. annatto(?). 

anatoinle, /. anatomy. 

anatomlque, a. anatomical, anatomic. 

ancêtres, ancestors, forefathers. 

anchuse, /. ifiot.) any plant of the genus 
Anchuea, bugloss, oxtongue. 

ancien, a. ancient; old; former, late, ex-; old- 
fashioned. — m. ancient; old person; 

anciennement, adv. anciently, of old; 

ancienneté, /. age; seniority; antiquity. 

ancolie, /. iBot.) columbine. 

ancrage, m. anchorage. 

ancre, /. anchor. 

ancrer, v.t. anchor; brace; fix, establish. 

andalous, andalouslen, a. Andalusian. 

andalouslte, /. (Min.) andalusite. 

andésite, /. (Petrog.) andésite. 

andorlte, /. (Min.) andorite. 

andropogon, m. (Bot.) Andropogon, andro- 

•ane. (Org. Chem.) in the names of saturated 
hydrocarbons and heterocyclic parent comr 
pounds, -ane; in other cases, -an; as» 
ethane, ethane; furfurane, furan, furfuran; 
uréthane, urethan. 

âne, m. ass, donkey. 

anéantir, v.t. annihilate, destroy, abolish, an- 
nul; prostrate. 

anéantissement, m. annihilation, etc. (see 

anéiectrlque, a. aneleotric. 





9 /. anemia, aiuemia. 
anémlquet a. anemic, anœmio. 
anémone, /. (fiot.) anemone. 
anéroïde* a. À m. aneroid. 
ftnesse, /. she-aas. 

laU d' — , ass's milk. 
anesthéslant, a. anesthetic. 
anesthésie, /. anesthesia. 
anesthésier» v.t. anesthetize. 
anesthésiqtte, a. éb m. anesthetic. 
aneth, anet, m. (Bot.) Anethum. 

— odorant, dill {Anethum graveolens). 
anéthol» m. anethole. 

ange, m. angel; angel fish. 

angéUqne, a. angelic. — /. angelica {Angelica 

angine, /. (Med.) angina. 
anglais, a. English. — m. English Oanguage). 
Animais, m. Englishman. 
angle, m. angle. 

— aiffu, acute angle. 

— erUique, critical angle. 

— ^équerret right angle. 

— dièdre, dihedral angle. 

— droit, right angle. 

— optiqw, optio angle. 

— plan, plane angle. 

-r- rapporteur, protractor. 

— rdëoê, observed angle. 

— trièdre, trihedral angle. 
anglésite, /. (Min.) anglesite. 
Angleterre, /. England. 
angoissant, p.a. distressing. 
angoisse, /. anguish; spasm. 
anguille, /. eeL 
angulaire, a. angular; corner. 
angulairement, adv. angularly. 
angulé, a. angular, angulated. 
anguleux, a. angular. 

angusture, /. angustura bark, angustura. 
anhydrate, m. anhjrdride. 
anhydre, a. anhydrous. 
anhydride, m. anhydride. 

— aoUique, acetic anhydride. 

— azoteux, nitrous anhydride. 
anyhdrifler, v.r. become anhydrous. 
anhydrisatlon, /. dehydration. 
anhydrite, /. (Min.) anhydrite. 
anhygrométrique, a. not hygroscopic. 
anlUdure, m. anilide. 

aniline, /. aniline. 
animal, a. A m. animal. 
anlmallsatlon, /. animalisation. 
anlmallsé, p.a. animalised; animal. 
anlmallser, v.t. animalise. 
animante, /. animality, animal nature or life. 
animateur, a. animating. 
animatrice, fem. of animateur, 
j pi. masc. of animal. 
/. animé, gtun animé. — p.p. of 

animer, v.t. animate; set or keep in motion, 

impel, drive; heighten (colors); incite. 
anion, m. anion. 
anis, tn. anise. 

— étoile, star anise. 

— vert, anise, aniseed. 

anlsateur, m. an apparatus used in making a 
distilled liquor flavored with anise. 

aniser, v.t. anisate, flavor with anise. 

anisette, /. anisette. 

anisine, /. anisine. 

anisique, a. anisic; (of the alcohol) anisyL 

anisoi, m. anisole. 

anlsoteope, a. anisotropic. 

annales, /.pi. annals. 

Ann. ehlm. phys., abbrev. Annales de chimie 
et de physique. 

anneau, m. ring; link, hoop, band, collar, (cir- 
cular) rim, (ring-shaped) huidle; loop; 
coil; ringlet; (^lec.) ring armature. 
à — , with ring, ringed. 

— henténique, bensene ring. 

— de eûreté, safety ring. 

— flotteur, floating ring, ring float. 
année, /. year. 

annelet, tn. small ring, ringlet, annulet. 

annexe, /. annex; appendage; attachment; 
fittizig. — a. annexed, attached. 

annexe, v.t. annex. 

annihiler, v.t. annihilate, destroy, annuL 

anniversaire, a. et m. anniversary. 

annonce, /. announcement; notice; advertiae» 
ment; sign. 

annoncer, v. t. announce; tell, declare, pub- 
lish; advertise; show, indicate. 

annoter, v.t. note down; annotate. 

annuaire, m. yearbook, annual; directwy 

annuel, a. annual, yearly. 

annuellement, adv. annually, yearly. 

annulaire, a. annular; ring (finger). 

annuler, v.t. annid, cancel; nullify, paralyse. 

anode, /. anode. 

anodin, a. anodyne, soothing; tame, spiritless. 
— m. anodyne. 

anodique, a. (Elee.) anodic, anode. 

anomal, a. anomalous. 

anomalie, /. anomaly. 

anone, /. (Bot.) Annona. 

anonym, a. anonymous; joint-etook (com- 

anormal, a. abnormal. 

anormalement, adv. abnormally. 

anorthlque, a. (Min.) anorthic (triclinic). 

anotto, m. annatto. 

anoxhémie, /. (Med.) anoxemia. 

anse, /. handle (attached at both ends); loop; 
small bay, inlet; (Mach.) slot, keyway. 

— à vis, screw eye. 

— de panier, basket handle; a curve oom- 
posed of arcs of three circles. 

y Google 




r» v.t. furnish with a handle. 

ansette, /. small handle. 

ftntagonlste, a. antagonistic. 

ftntécédemment, adv. previously, antece- 

antenne* /. antenna; catch, hook; (of a tor- 
pedo) striker. 

antMenr, a. anterior, front, fore; anterior, 
prior, previous. 

ant^eurement» adv. previously, anteriorly. 

antMorlté, /. priority, anteriority. 

anthelmlntlilque, a. A m. anthelmintic. 

anthocyane, m. anthocyanin, anthocyan. 

anthoeyanlne, /. anthocyanin. 

antbracène» m. anthracene. 

anthraeène-carbonlQue, a. anthraoenecar- 

anthracénlque» a. anthracene, of anthracene. 

anthraeéno-dlsulfoné» a. anthraoenedisul- 

anthracéno-siilfoné, a. anthracenesulfonic. 

antliraelne, /. anthracene. 

antbracifère, a. anthraciferous. 

antbracite, m. anthracite. 

anthraeitenxt a. anthraoitio, anthraoitous. 

anthradttftee, a. anthracitiferous, anthracif- 

anthraenose, /. (Bot.) anthracnose. 

anthraoomètre» m. anthracometer. 

anthragallol, m. anthragallol. 

anthranUiqae, a. anthranilic. 

anthranol, m. anthranol. 

antbiaqolnone, /. anthraquinone. 

anfliraraflne, /. anthrarufin. 

anthrol, m. anthrol. 

antlacidet a. & m. antacid. 

antlaicalln, a. & m. antalkaline. 

antlasphyilant, a. antiasphyziating. 

anticalcaire, m. boiler compound* scale re- 

antlcathode, /. anticathode. 

antlchlore, m. antichlor. 

anticipation, /. anticipation; (fiom^ ad- 

anticiper, v.i. anticipate. 

antlcombustlble, a. & m. incombustible. 

anti-congélant, a. antifreezing. — m. anti- 
freesing agent. 

anticorps, m. antibody. 

antldéperditenr, antidéperdltlf, a. (Afed.) 
diminishing waste due to lack of assimilar 

antidérapant, a. nonskidding, nonskid. — m. 
a nonskid tire or device. 

antifébrine, /. antifebrin (acetaniUde). 

antlferment, m. antiferment. 

antifermentescibie, a. antifermentative; non- 
fermenting. — m. antifermentative; non- 
fennenting substance. 

antt-Hocalant, a. antiflocculating. 

antifondant, m. iPeram^ a substance ii^oh 
checks or prevents fusion, anti-flux. 

antlMction, a. antifriction. — /. antifriction 
alloy, antifriction metal. 

antigène, m. antigen. 

antlhypnotlqae, a. & m. antihypnotio. 

anti-incrustant, a. scale-preventing. 

antimammoniaque, /. stibine. 

antimoine, m. antimony. 

— cruy (Pharm.) antimony sulfide. 

— diaphoritique, {Pharm.) diaphoretic anti- 
mony (an acid potassium antimonate form- 
ing a white, insoluble powder). 

— sulfuré, antimony sulfide. 
anttmoniai, a. A m. antimonial. 
antimonlate, m. antimonate, antimoniate. 

— grenu de potasse, dihydrogen potassium 
pyroantimonate (a granular powder, 

antimonide, a. & m. antimonial. 

antimonié, a. containing antimony, antimon- 
ial; antimoniuretted (hydrogen). 

antimonieox, a. antimonious, antimonous. 

antlmonine, m. antimonin (a lactate of cal- 
cium and antimony used in tanning). 

antimonique, a. antimonic. 

antimonite, n. antimonite. 

antimoniure, m. antimonide. 

antinéphrétique, a. & m. antinephritic. 

antinevralgique, a. A m. antineuralgic. 

antlparasitalre, a. A m. antiparasitic. 

antlpiilogistique, a. A m. antiphlogistic. 

antipiastique, a. antiplastic. 

antiputride, a. antiputrefactive, antiseptic. 

— m. an antiputrefactive substance. 
antipyrétique, a. A m. antipyretic. 
antipyrlne, /. antipyrine. 
antique, a. antique; antiquated. 
antiquité, /. antiquity. 
antirhumatisant, a. A m. antirheumatic. 
anti-rouiile, a. anti-rust. 
antisepsie, /. antisepsis. 
antiseptique, a. A m. antiseptic. 
antiserum, m. antiserum. 
antlthermlque, a. (Med.) antithermic, anti- 


antithèse, /. antithesis. 

antitoxine, /. antitoxin. 

antltoxique, a. antitoxic. 

antlvénéneux, a. counteracting poison, anti- 
toxic, alexipharmic. — m. antipoison, anti- 

antlvénérien, a. antivenereal, antisyphHitio. 

antlvermineux, a. A m. anthelmintic, vermi- 

antlzymlque, a. A m. antizymotic, antiaymic. 

antracène, m. anthracene. 

antre, m. cave, cavern, den; (Anat.) antnun. 

annrie, /. (M«d.) anuria. 

AnyerSy n. Antwerp. 

uigitized Dy 





amiété, /. anxiety. 

anxieux, a. anxious. 

aorte, /. iAnat.) aorta. 

août, m. August; harvest. 

aoûter, v.t, r. <k i. ripen. 

apaiser, v.t. appease, pacify, calm, allay. 

Aiialaches, f.jâ. Appalachians. 

apercevoir, v.t & r. perceive, notice, see. 

aperçoit, pr. s sing, of apercevoir. 

aperça, p.a. perceived, etc. (see apercevoir) . 

— m. glance, (rapid) view, rough estimate, 
outline, sketch. 

apériodique, a. aperiodic. 

apéritif, a. stimulating the appetite; (Med.) 
aperient, aperitive. — m. appetizer, apér- 
itif; (Med.) aperient, aperitive. 

aphanlte, /. (Petrog.) aphanite. 

aphlosistiqae, a. aphlogistic, flameless. 

aphrodisiaque, a. & m. {Med.) aphrodisiac. 

aplol, m. apiole, apiol. 

aplanir, v.t. make smooth or level, smooth. 

— v.r. become smooth or level, be leveled. 
apianissement, m. making smooth, etc. (see 

aplanir); smoothness, evenness. 

aplastlque, a. aplastic. 

aplat, m. flat tint. 

aplati, p.a. flattened, flat; oblate (spheroid); 

aplatir, v.t. flatten; debase. — v.r. be flattened, 
become flat, flatten; fall, sink. 

apiatlssage, m. flattening. 

aplatissement, m. flattening; flatness. 

aplatisserie, aplatlssoire, /. flatting mill, roll- 
ing mill . 

aplomb, m. perpendicular, perpendicularity, 
plumb; equilibrium, balance; self-posses- 
d* — , upright, plumb; perpendicularly, in 
plumb; in equilibrium. 

apoatropine, /. apatropine. 

apomorphine, /. apomorphine. 

aposorbique, a. aposorbic. 

apothicaire, m. apothecary. 

apothicalrerie, '/. apothecary's shop; dispen- 

apôtre, m. apostle. 

apoBème, m. (Pharm.) infusion. 

apparaître, v.i. appear; be clear, be evident. 

appareil, m. apparatus; machine, device, 
equipment; (ceremonious) preparation; 
pomp; (surgical) dressing; style of con- 
struction; course (of stone, etc.); (of 
bricks) bond. 

— d chargement, charging apparatus. 

— d chlore, chlorine apparatus. 

— d colonne^ (Dietilling) column apparatus, 

— à flammée, (MU.) flame projectors. 

— d pluie, shower apparatus, sprinkling 

appareil d prélhement de gaz, (Mil.) gaa 
respirators or masks. 

— à (or de) ruiaeeUement, tidckling apparatus. 

— broyeur, crushing (or grinding) apparatus, 
crusher, grinder. 

— caeaeur, breaking (or crushing) apparatus, 
breaker, crusher, stamp mill. 

— concaaaeur, » appareil casseur. 

— coupeur, cutting apparatus, cutting ma- 
chine, cutter. 

— d'alimentation, (Mach.) feed gear. 

— d'allumage, lighting apparatus; igniting 

— débourbeur, cleansing apparatus, washing 
apparatus, washer. 

— de chauffage, heating apparatus, heater. 

— de cinglage, (Metal.) shingling machine, 

. — d'éclairage, lighting apparatus; lighting 

— de coulée, casting (or founding) apparatus 
or equipment. 

— de découpage, cutting apparatus, cutting 
machine, cutter. 

— de grenage, granulating apparatus or ma- 
chine, granulator. 

— de lavage, washing apparatus, washing 
machine, washer. 

— de leaaivage, leaching apparatus, lixiviation 

— de auccion, suction apparatus. 

— de aûreté, safety device. 

— d'extinction, fire extinguisher. 

— dialyaeur, dialyzing apparatus. 

— distiliatoire, distilling apparatus. 

— étalon, calibrating apparatus, calibrator. 

— frigorifique, refrigerating apparatus, refrig- 

— générateur, generating apparatus, genera- 

— graiaaeur, lubricating apparatus or device, 

— malaxeur, an apparatus for mixing or 
working pasty material, mixer, beater, mal- 
axator, etc. 

— moteur, (Mach.) driver. 

— photographique, photographic apparatus; 
specif., camera. 

— producteur, (for gases) generating appara- 
tus, generator. 

— propulaeur, propelling apparatus, propel- 

— protecteur, protecting (or protective) de- 
vice or apparatus. 

— rêcolteur, collecting apparatus. 

— SchUt, (Mû.) a kind of flame projector. 

— aolidificateur, solidif jdng apparatus, solidi- 

— Stromboa, (MU.) Stromboe horn, Stromboa 

uigitized Dy 





AMMiell trieurt sorting apparatus, sorter, 

apiiareinase, m. equipment; matching; prep- 
aration; bonding, bond (of bricks, etc.)' 

apiiareUler, v.t. match; prepare; dress (cloth). 

apparemment» adv. apparently. 

apparence,/, appearance; probability; trace. 

apparent, a. apparent; conspicuous; plaus- 

apparition,/, appearance; apparition. 

appartement, m. apartment, suite of rooms. 

appartenant, p.a. belonging, appertaining. 

appartenir, v.i. belong; concern, be the prov- 
ince (oO. be the duty (of). 

appartient, pr. S sing, of appartenir. 

apparu, p.p. of apparaître. 

apparut, p.def. S sing, of apparaître. 

appauvri, p.a. impoverished, exhausted. 

appauvrir, t.i. impoverish, exhaust. — v.r. 
become poor or poorer; deteriorate. 

apiiauvrlssement, m. impoverishment, ex- 

appel, m. call; appeal; tension, pull; (of air) 
draft; ventilation; roll call; challenge. 

— par vibrateur, — vibrer (Elec.) buzzer. 
app^é, p.a. called, etc. (see appeler). 
appeler, v.t. call; call for, require; draw, drive 

(air, etc.); announce. — v.t. appeal; call; 
(of a chimney) draw. — v.r. be called. 

appendice, m. appendix; appendage, projec- 
tion, stud, etc. 

appesantir, v.t. make heavy, weigh down; dull. 

— v.r. become heavy; be oppressed; dwell, 
insist (upon). 

appétissant, a. appetizing, tempting. 
appétit, m. appetite. 
applaudissement, m. applause; praise. 
applicable, a. applicable. 
apidlcateur, m. (Wine) pasteurizer. 
application, /. application; posting (of bills). 
applique, /. something applied or affixed, 

mounting, setting, reinforce, inlay, etc.; 

{Lighting) bracket fixture, bracket. 
appliqué, p.a. applied; attentive. 
appliquer, v.t. apply; post (bills). — v.r. be 

applied; apply; apply oneself. — v.i. 

require application. 
appoint, m. balance, remainder, difference, 

amount over; (Explosives) priming charge. 
appointements, m. pî. salary, pay. 
appointer, v.t. point, sharpen to a point; tack, 

stitch; salary. 
apport, m. contribution (as to the capital of a 

company); deposit (of documents). 
apporter, v.t. bring; contribute; adduce, cite; 

apply, use. 
apposer, v.t. affix, append, add. 
apposition, /. affixing, etc. (see apposer); 

appréciable, a. appreciable. 

appréciateur, m. estimator, valuer, appreda- 
tor; specif., a kind of hydrometer. 

appréciation, /. estimation, measurement, 
valuation; appreciation. 

apprécier, v.t. estimate, value; appreciate. 

apprenant, of apprendre. 

apprendre, v.<. learn; teach; inform. 

apprennent, pr. S pî. indie. & svbj. of appren- 

apprenti, m. & /. apprentice. 

apprentissage, m. apprenticeship; practice. 

apprêt, m. dressing, finishing, finish; sizing; 
priming; preparation; affectation. 

apprêtage, m. dressing, finishing. 

apprêter, v. t. dress, finish; prepare. 

apprêteur, m. dresser, finisher. 

apprêteuse, /. dresser, finisher; (Paper) calen- 
ders, surfacing rolls. 

appris, p.p of apprendre. 

approbation, /. approval, approbation. 

approchant, a. like, somewhat like, near, ap- 
proximate. — adv. nearly, about. — 
of approcher. 

approche, /. approach. 

approché, p.a. approximate; brought near, etc. 
(see approcher). 

approcher, v.t. bring or place near or nearer, 
bring up; approach. — v.r. <fc *. approach, 
be near. 

approfondi, p.a. deepened, etc. (see approfon- 
dir); profound. 

approfondir, v.t. deepen; go deeply into, study 
profoundly, fathom. — v.r. deepen; study 

approfondissement, m. deepening; profound 

approprié, p.a. appropriate, suitable; appro- 
priated, etc. (see approprier). 

approprier, v.t. appropriate; adapt, suit; put 
in order, fix up. 

approuver, v.t. approve, approve of, sanction. 

approvisionnement, m. supplying, supply, 

approvisionner, v.t. supply. 

approximatif, a. approximate. 

approximation, /. approximation. 

approximativement, adv. approximately. 

approximer, v.t. approximate. 

appui, m. support (in various senses); prop, 
stay, rest; fulcrum; balustrade; rail; sill; 
emphasis, stress; pressure, impress. 

appuie, pr.ldtS sing, of appuyer. 

appui-main, m. support for the hand, hand 

appuyer, v.t. support; prop, lean, rest; base. 
— v.r. be supported, lean, rely (on). — v.i. 
be supported, rest; bear, press (on); dwell, 
insist (on). 

&pre, a. acrid, tart; harsh, rough; fierce» vie 
lent; greedy. 

uigitized by 





9 adv. acridly, etc. (see âpre). 

miirès, prep, after; behind, beyond; about, at; 
against, upon. — adv. after, afterward. 
d* — , according to, after; following, next. 

Aprèi-demalii, adv. day after tomorrow. 

aiirès^ruerre, n. (period) after the war. 

aprèi-mldl,/. db m. afternoon. 

ftpreté* /. acridity, etc. (see âpre). 

apêlde, /. apsis; {Arch.) apse. 

apte» a. capable; qualified, fit. 

aptitade» /. capability, capacity, aptitude. 

apyre» a. hifusible; incombustible. 

aquarelle, /. water-color painting. 

aqnednc, aqueduc, m. aqueduct. 

aqueux, a. aqueous; watery. 

aqulfère, a. water-bearing, aquiferous. 

aqnosité, /. aqueousness; waterineai, aquoe- 

arabe, a. Arabic; Arabian. 

Arable, /. Arabia. 

arablne, /. arabin (arabio add). 

arablnose, n. arabinose. 

arabique, a. arable. 

arablte, /. arabitol, arabite. 

arabonlque, a. arabonic. 

arae, m. arrack. 

araehide, /. peanut (Arachia hypogcta and re- 
lated species) ; (fiot.) Araohis. 

arachldlque, a. arachidic. 

araehlne, /. arachin. 

araek, m. arrack. 

aragonlte, /. {Min.) aragonite. 

araignée, /. spider; spider's web. 

aralle, /. (^o(.) Aralia. 

— épineute, Hercules'-club {A. apinoaa). 

— ntM, wild sarsaparilla {Aralia nudioaulia). 
araser, v.i. level; be flush with. 

aratoire, a. farming, agricultural. 

arbadne, /. arbacine. 

arbitraire, a. arbitrary. — m. arbitrariness. 

arbitrairement, adv. arbitrarily. 

arborer, v.t. raise, hoist. 

arborescent, a. arborescent; branched (chain) 

arborisation, /. arborisation, dendrite. 

arborise, a. arborised. 

arbouse, /. arbutus fruit, arbutus berry. 

arbousier, m. {Bot.) arbutus. 

— commun, strawberry tree {A. unedo). 
arbre, m. tree; {Mach.) shaft, spindle, axis, 

axle, arbor; mast. 

— à eame»t cam shaft. 

— à cire» wax tree, esp. the wax msrrtle 

— à manivelle, crank shaft. 

— à noyau, {Founding) core spindle. 

— à perruque, fustet {Cotinua eoHnua). 

— à 8uif, tallow tree; wax myrtle. 

— à vermillon, kermès, kermès oak {Quercue 

— coudé, cranked shaft, cranked axle. 

arbre creux, hollow shaft; hollow tree. 
— debout, upright shaft, vertical shaft or 

— de couche, horisontal shaft; main shaft. 

— de Diane, arbor Dianie, arborescent silver. 

— de haute futaie, forest tree, timber tree. 

— de Saturne, arbor Saturni, arborescent lead. 

— de tour, lathe spindle, mandrel. 

— du communicateur, gearing shaft. 

— du Hroir, eccentric shaft. 

— fruitier, fruit tree. 

— intermédiaire, countershaft. 

— moteur, driving shaft, main shaft. 

— philosophique, arbor Dian». 
arbrisseau, m. shrub, bush (of eonsiderable 

arbue, /. clay used as a flux. 
arbuste, m. shrub, bush (of small siae). 
arbutine, /. arbutin. 
arc, m. arc; arch; bow. 

— voUaique, voltaic arc, electric arc. 
arcade, /. curved part, arch, bow (as of a sad- 
dle); arcade. 

arcane, m. arcanum. 

arcanne, /. ruddle, red ocher. 

arcanson, m. rqpin. 

arc-boutant, m. buttress, stay, prop; flyins 

itfc-bouter, v.t. buttress, prop, brace. 
arceau, m. arch, small ardi. 
arc-en-clel, m. rainbow. 
archal, m. brass (in the phrase fU d'aréhai, 

brass wire). 
archangéllque, /. {Bot.) angelica. 
arche, /. fire chamber, furnace, arch; arch (of 

otiier kinds) ; ark. 

— à pote, {Glaea) a furnace in which the pote 
are given a preliminary heating. 

— d tirer, {Olaas) annealing furnace for cylin- 

archée, /. {Alchemy) archeus. 

archet, m. curved part, bow, arch; (violin) 

archl-. arch-. 

archives, f.jd. archives; record office. 
arctique, a. arctic. 
ardemment, adv. ardently. 
ardent, a. burning, biasing, glowing; ardent: 

(of colors) bright, vivid; (of hair) red, 

sandy; spirited. — m. ignis fatuus. 
ardeur,/, ardor; (of colors) vividness; {Med.) 

sensation of heat; mettle. 

— d'eetomac, heartburn. 

— d'urine, ardor urinœ, scalding of the urine. 
ardillon, m. tongue (of a buckle). 
ardoise, /. slate; slate color. 

ardoisé, p.a. slate-colored; slated. 
ardoiser, v.t. render slate-colored; slate. 
ardoiseux, ardoisler, a. of or like slate, slaty. 
ardoisière, /. slate quarry. 

y Google 




» a. resembling slate. 
ardOy a. arduous, steep, difficult. 
ardnité» /. arduousness. 
uet m. are (100 square meters or 119.6 sq. yds.) . 
anc» arées, m. (fiot.) areca. 
miéfliietloil* /. drying, desiccation. 
afénacée» a. arenaceous, sandy, 
aiénatloii, /. sanding; (Afed.) arenation. 
arène, /. sand; arena; (p2.) amphitheater. 
aiéner, v.%. db r. sink, sag. 
aiénem, a. sandy, arenose. 
aréolmire, a. areolar. 
aréole, /. areola. 
aréomètre, m. hydrometer, areometer. 

— chercheur^ exploring hydrometer, explor- 
ing spindle (to indicate which of a set of 
spincUes is to be used). 

aiéométrle, /. hydrometry, areometry. 
aiéométriqiie, a. hydrometric, areometric. 
arête, /. edge; ridge; awn, beard (of grain); 
(fish) bone; {Arch.) arris. 

— de poisson, {Tech.) herring bone. 

— mousse, rounded edge. 

— vive, sharp edge. 

à vives arêtes, sharp-edged. 
argémone, /. (Bot.) prickly poppy (Argemone). 
arsent, m. silver; money. 

— comi, (Min.) horn silver (cerai^^te). 

— fulminant, fulminating silver; specif., sil- 
ver fulminate. 

— • roiffiné, refined silver. 
arsentage, m. silvering, fdlver plating. 
aifental, a. containing silver, argental (as, 

mercure argental, argental mercury, a native 

silver amalgam). 
aifentan, m. argentan, German silver (an alloy 

of copper, nickel and sine). 

— au manoanèse, an alloy of copper, man- 
ganese and zinc. 

aigente, p.a. silvered; silvery, silver-white. 
aifWitOT, v.t. silver. 
argenterie, /. silver ware, silver plate. 
argentenr, m. silverer. 

argentlf^v, a. argentiferous, containing silver. 
argentin, a. silvery, silver; Ai^entine. 
argentine, /. argentine (in various senses); 
q>ecif., powdered tin, used to give a silvery 
ooating on fabrics. 
argentlque, a. of silver, àlver, argentic. 
argenton, m. an alloy of copper, nickel and tin. 
argenture, /. silvering, silver plating. 

^&eebro-^imique, — ffcUvaniqw, electrosilver- 
ing, silver electroplating. 
argllaeé, a. argillaceous, clayey. 
argile, /. clay. 

•— d façonner, potter's day. 

— à foughre, slate clay. 

•— d poreàaine, kaolin, porcelain clay. 

«— pa^Ksre^ lean day. 

^ yinitfgna» plastio day, potter's day. 

argile réfractaire, refractory clay, fire clay, 

— schisteuse, slate clay. 

— smectique, fuller's earth. 
argileux, a. clayey, clay, argillaceous. 
arglllère, /. clay pit. 

arglllfère, a. argilliferous. 

argilite, /. argilite, clay slate. 

argillaeé, a. argillaceous, clayey. 

argilo-alcalin, a. containing clay and alkali, 

argilo-calcaire, a. containing clay and lime, 

argilo-glaiseux, a. clayey, of stiff clay. 

argllo-sillceux, a. containing clay and silica, 

argilolde, a. like clay, argilloid. 

argUolithe, m. clay stone. 

argtnlne, /. arginine. 

argon, m. argon. 

argue, /. a machine for drawing ingots of gold, 
silver, etc. 

arguer, v.t. rough-draw (gold, silver, etc.); 
argue, conclude. 

arguérite, /. arguerite (a native amalgam, 

argumenter, v.i. argue. — v.t. argue with. 

argyrose, /. (M«n.) argentite (AgiS). 

argyrythrose, /. (Mtn.) pyrargyrite (AgaSbSi). 

aridne, /. aricine. 

aride, a. arid. 

aridité, /. aridity. 

aristol, m. (Pharm.) aristol. 

aristoloche, /. (Bot.) Aristolochia. 

arithmétique, /. arithmetic. — a. arithmeti- 

artthmetiquement, adv. arithmetically. 

armagnac, m, a well known French 

armature, /. a strengthening part or ssrstem 
(usually metallic), frame, truss, braces, 
clamps, sheathing, facing; fitting, mount- 
ing; (Afagnetism) armature. 

arme, /. arm, weapon; arm (of the service). 

— d feu, firearm. 

— blanche, a cutting or piercing weapon. 

— de guerre, military weapon. 

— de jet, ballistic weapon. 

— petite, side arm. 

— rayée, rifle. 

armé, p.a. armed, etc. (see armer). 
armée, /. army; forces. — a. fern, of armé. 

— de mer, sea forces; navy, fleet. 

— de terre, land forces. 

armement, m. armament; arming; equip- 

armer, v.t. arm; equip, fit out; reinforce 
(cement or glass) ; insert a fuse in (a shell) ; 
cock (a firearm) ; wind (a dynamo) ; man. 

armoire, /. closet, cupboard, press, wardrobe. 

— d dessiccation, drying doset. 

uigiiized Dy '' 



armoise, /. (jBot.) Artemisia, wormwood; 
ai armoisin. 

— absinthe, — des champs, wormwood (il. 

— commune, mu^^ort (A. vtUgaris). 
armolslil, m. a kind of aÙk made at Lyons. 
armure, /. frame, braces, etc. (see armature) ; 

armature (of a magnet); pole piece (of a 

dynamo); armor. 
amlcine, /. amicine. 
amlque, arnica, /. arnica. 
aromate, m. aromatic. 

aromaticité,/. aromatic quality, aromaticness* 
aromatique, a. aromatic. 
aromatlqaement, adv. aromatically. 
aromatlsatloii, /. aromatLsation. 
aromatiser, v.t. aromatise. 
arome, m. aroma. 
arpentage, m. land measurement. 
arquer, v.t, i. & r. curve, bend, arch. 
arqulfoux, m. (Çeram.) alquifou. 
arrachajBe, arrachement, m. pulling up, etc. 

(see arracher). 
arrache-pled. In the phrase d*arrache-'pied, 

uninterruptedly, consecutively. 
arracher, v.t. pull up, dig up, pull out, tear out; 

tear away, pull off, strip off; take away 

(violently); eradicate; extort. 
arrak, m. arrack. 

arrangement, m. arrangement, etc. (see arran- 
ger); economy; order, method. 
arranger, v.t. arrange; adjust; suit, please; 

trim, trim up, dress. — v.r. be arranged; 

place oneself; make arrangements; manage. 
arrêt, m. stopping, stop, stoppage; (Tech.) 

stop, check, catch, arrest, stay; judgment, 

sentence; decree, order; arrest; (legal) 

attachment; steadfastness. 
arrêtage, m. (Mach.) stop, check, arrest, catch. 
arrête-gas, m. gas check. 
arrêter, v.t. stop; check; fasten, fix; arrest; 

detain; seize, attach (legally) ; decide; en- 
gage Godging, etc.). — v.r. & i. stop, cease; 

stay; dwell (on). 
arrêtoir, m. (Mach.) stop, catch, check. 
arrière, adv. back, behind, in the rear, astern. 

— m. rear, hind part, stem. 
en — , back, backward, behind, behindhand. 
en — de, behind. 
arriéré, p.a. delayed, deferred; backward; 

arrière-goût, m. aftertaste. 
arriérer, v.t. delay, defer, postpone. — ».r. be, 

get or stay, be^iind. 
arrimer, v.t. stow, pack. 
axrtvmg^ m. arrival. 
•rriTée, /. admission tube or pipe, feed pipe; 

inlet; arrival. 

— d'eau, water feed pipe. 

ér — , at first; at onoe; on arrival. 



arriTer, v.i. arrive; approach; oome; saeoaed; 

happen, occur. 
arrondi, p.a. rounded; round. 
arrondir, v. t. round, make roimd; round o£F. 

— v.r. become or grow roimd. 
arrondlssage, m. rounding, making roimd. 
arrondissement, m. rounding; roimdness; 

district, arrondissement. 
arrosage, m. wetting, etc. (see arroser). 
arrosement, m. wetting, etc. (see arroeer); 

(peram.) application of a glase by pouring 

it on the object. 
arroser, v.t. wet, moisten; sprinkle; water. 
arrosoir, m. sprinkler, watering pot. 
A.K.S.» abbrev. of appareil respiratoire spécial 

(the name of a French gas mask). 
arsendlméthyle, m. arsenic dimethyl (ca- 

arsénlate, m. arsenate, arseniate. 

— de fer, iron arsenate. 

— de soude, sodium arsenate. 

— de soude desséché, (Pluxrm.) exsiooated 
sodium arsenate. 

— ferreux, ferrous arsenate. 
arsénlate, a. arsenate of. 
arsenic, m. arsenic. 

— bkmc, white arsenic (arsenious oxide). 
arsenical, a. arsenical. — m. arsenical oom- 

poimd or substance, arsenical. 

arsenicaux, pi. masc. of arsenical. 

arsénié, a. arseniuretted; arsenicated; arseni- 

wsénleui, a. arsenious. 

wsénlfère, a. arseniferous. 

arsénlo-sulftare, m. (Min.) sulfarsenide. 

wsénlo-Tanadlque, a. arsenovanadio, arsenio- 

wsénlque, a. arsenic. 

arsénlte, m. arsenite. 

arsénlure, m. arsenide. 

— d'hydroghie, hydrogen arsenide, aiflône. 
arsénoUthe, m. (Min.) arsenolite. 
arslnate, m. arsinate; arsonate (inconeot lue). 
arslne, /. arsine. 

art, m. art; (pi.) fine arts. 

— d' Hermès, Hermetic art, alchemy. 
artémlsle, artémlse, /. artemisia, wormwood. 
artère,/, artery; {Elec.) feeder. 
artérlallser, v.t. arterialise. 

artériel, artérieux, a. arterial . 
artériosclérose, /. (Med.) arteriosclerosis. 
artésien, a. Artesian. 
artichaut, m. artichoke. 

— des Indes, sweet potato. 

— des toits, houseleek. 

article, m. article; joint; link; matter, sab- 

articulaire, a. articular. 
articulation, /. articulation, joint, jointing 

— sphêriQue, ball-andnsocket joint. 

uigitized Dy '' 






articulé, p.a. articulated; jointed; articulate. 
— m. (pi., ZoOl.) Articulata. 

•rtlcaler, v.t, articulate; aasert, allege. 

artlfloea m. artifice; firework, fireworks, pyro- 
technie composition. 

— à signaiix, pyrotechnie signaling device. 

— d^édairagef any illuminating firework, 
flare, rocket, ete. 

— de guerre f military fireworks; sistitegem. 

— de rupture, any explosive device used for 

— de signaux, signal fireworks. 

— édairatU, ^ artifice d'éclairage. 

— ineendiare, incendiary firework, incen- 

artlflelel, a. artificial 

arttflcteUement, adv. artificially. 

artlflcler» m. fireworks maker, pyrotechnist; 

(Af tZ.) artificer (maker of shells, fuses, ete.). 
aitUlcleiu, a. artful. 
artillerie, /. artillery. 
artisoniié, a. moth-eaten, worm-eaten. 
artiste, m. & f. artist; adept. 
artlstement, adv. artistically; skillfully. 
Arts et Métiers, àbbrev. of École nationale 

d'arts et métiers (national school of arts 

and trades), any one of a class of engineer^ 

ing schools, 
as, m. ace. — pr, S eing. of avoir (to have). 
asaret, m. (Bot.) Asarum; specif., asarabacca 

(A. europœum). 

— du Canada, wild ginger (A. eanadenee). 
asarone,/. asarone (1, 2, 4-trimethoxy-5-prope- 

asbeste, m. asbestos. 
asbolane, m. (Min.) asbolite; (wrongly) 

asbollne, /. (Pharm.) asbolin. 
ascendant, a. ascending, rising; return, reflux 

(condenser) . — m. ascendant, ascendency ; 

ancestor; propensity. 
ascenseur, m. elevator, lift, hoist 
ascension, /. rising, rise, ascent; ascension; 

(of a piston) upstroke. 
ascensionnel, a. ascensional, upward. 
asddle, /. (Zool.) ascidian. 
asdte, /. (Med.) ascites. 
ascKplade, /., ascMpias, m. (Bot.) any of 

several asclepiadaoeous plants, specif. 

swallowwort (Cynanchum vincetoxicum). 
ascomycète, a. (Bot.) ascomycetous. — m. 

asepsie, /. asepsis. 
aseptique, a. db m. aseptic. 
aseptlquement, adv. aseptioally. 
aseptiser, v.t. asepticise, aseptify. 
ascptol, m. (Pharm.) aseptol 
asiatique, a. Asiatio. 
Atikbff. Asia. 

— Minewre, Asia Minor. 

asparaglne, /. asparagine. 

asparaginlque, a. asparaginic (aspartic). 

aspartlque, a. aspartic. 

aspect, m. sight; aspect. 

asperge, /. asparagus; asparagus shoot. 

aspens^nient, m. = aspersion. 

asperger, v.t. sprinkle, sparge. 

aspergllle, /. (Bot.) Aspergillus. 

aspérité, /. roughness, unevenness; harshness; 

aspersion, /. sprinkling; aspersion. 

aspersoir, m. sprinkler, sparger. 

asphallne, /. (Explonvea) asphaline. 

asphalte, m. asphalt, asphaltum. 

asplMid^e, m. (Bot.) asphodel. 

asphyxiant, p.a. asphyxiating, sufiFocat- 

asphyxie, /. asphyxia. 

asphyxier, v.t. asphyxiate, sufiFocato. 

asphyxique, a. (Med.) asphyxiai. 

aspic, m. spike lavender, aspic (Lavandula 
spica)', asp. 

asplrall, m. vent hole, air hole. 

asfrfrant, p.a. suction, sucking, aspirating; as- 
piring. — m. aspirant, candidate. 

aspirateur, m. aspirator; exhauster; ventila- 
tor. — a. aspirating, exhausting; in- 

aspiration, /. aspiration, etc. (see aspirer); 
(Maeh.) intake, admission, suction. 

aspirer, v.t. aspirate, draw by suction, suck up, 
suck in, exhaust; inhale. — v.i. aspire; 

asque, m. (Bol.) ascus. 

assa dulds, assa-dulds, /. asa dulcis. 

assa fœtlda, assa-fœtida, /. asafetida. 

assaillir, v.t. assail, assault, attack. 

assainir, v.t. render healthy, purify. 

assainissement, m. making healthy, purifica- 
tion, sanitation. 

assaisonnant, p.a. seasoning, flavoring. 

assaisonnement, m. seasoning, flavoiing; eon- 

assaisonner, v.t. season, flavor. 

assamar, assamare, m. assamar. 

assaut, m. assault, attack. 

assèchement, m. drainage. 

assécher, v.t. drain. 

asse-fétide, n. asafetida. 

assemblage, m. assemblage, assembling; joint, 
coupling; (EUc.) connection, joining up; 
(MoMnry) bond. 

— d vie, screw coupling. 

— douiUe, socket joint. 

— en quantité, (EUc.) connection in paralleL 

— en tension (or en eerie), (Elec.) connection 
in series. 

— mixte, (Elec.) connection in series and 

assemblée, /. assembly; meetiog. 

uigiiizea Dy •kjkj 





Vf v.t. assemble, collect, put together; 
(JSÎec.) connect, join up. — v.r. assemble, 
Msentlr, v.i. assent. 

Ir, v.t. seat; set, put, place; found, base. 

— v.r. sit down, be seated. 
Ir, v.t. (Mach.) put or have under control. 

Msejant» of asseoir. 

M B C l» adv. enough, sufficiently; rather, pass- 
ably. — m. enough, sufficiency. 
— Wen, fairly well. 

assied, pr. s aing. of asseoir. 

assiéger, v.t. besiege; beset. 

assiéra, fut. s sing, of asseoir. 

assiette, /. plate, dish; position; horisontal 
position; state (of mind) ; assessment. 

asslKnatloii, /. assignment; check; assigna- 

assigner, v.t. assign; appoint; charge (on or 

assimliabilité, /. assimilability. 

asslmllateiir, a. assimilating, assimilative. 

awslmflatlf, a. assimilative. 

assimilation, /. assimilation. 
ir, v.t. assimilate. 
, p.a. seated, etc. (see asseoir). 
, /. stratum, layer, bed, course; base. 
e,/. assistance; audience; attendance. 

assister, v.t. assist; attend. — v.n. (with d) be 
present at, attend, witness. 

association, /. association. 

assodé, p.a. associated, etc. (see associer). 

— m. associate; partner; stockholder. 
associer, v.t. associate; make (a person) an 

associate, partner or member. — v.r. be- 
come an associate; share, join; associate; 
assoit, pr. S aing. of asseoir. 
assolement, m. rotation of crops. 

ombrir, v.t. darken, obscure, make gloomy 
- v.r. become dark or gloomy. 

r, v.t. knock down, kill (with a blow) ; 
beat; stun, overwhelm; bore. 
assomptif, a. assumptive, assumed. 
assomptlon, /. assumption. 
assorti, p.a. assorted; matched; stocked. 
assortiment, m. assortment. 
assortir, v.t. assort; match; stock, supply. 

— v.r. & i. harmonixe, match. 
assoupir, v.t. render drowsy; allay; quiet. 

— v.r. become drowsy; dose, nap; be 

assoupissant, p.a. rendering drowsy, etc. (see 

assoupir); soporific. 
assouplir, v.t. supple, make supple or pliable. 

— v.r. become supple or pliable. 
assouplissage, m. suppling, etc (see assoup- 

assourdir, v.U deafen; muffle; tone down 

assouvir, v.t. satiate, sate, satisfy. 
assoyant, of asseoir. 
a8SUje(t)tir, v.t. subject; make fast, make 
tight, fasten; confine, bind; wedge in. 

— v.r. submit. 
assumer, v.t. assume. 

assurance, /. assurance; insurance; security. 

assuré, p.a. assured; insured; secured; sure, 
certain; firm, steady. 

assurément, adv. assuredly, certainly; se- 
curely; confidently. 

assurer, v.t. assure; insure; secure: assert. 

— v.r. assure, secure, etc. oneself; satisfy 
oneself; rely, trust; take possession. 

astérisque, m. asterisk. 

astéroïde, m. asteroid; mete<»ite. 

asthme, m. asthma. 

asti, m. Asti (wine); a kind of silk; » astio. 

astic, m. polisher, polishing stick; a polishing 

paste of whiting, soap and alcohol. 
astiquer, v.t. polish, smooth. 
astragale, m. astragal; (JBot.) Astragalus. 
astre, m. (any) heavenly body. 
astreignant, of astreindre. 
astreindre, v.t. restrict, limit; compel, force. 
astreint, p.a. restricted, etc. (see astreindre) 

— pr. S aing. of astreindre. 
astrlctif, a. astrictive, astringent. 
astringence, /. astringency. 
astringent, a. <k m. astringent. 
astronome, m. astronomer. 
astronomie, /. astronomy. 
astronomique, a. astronomical. 
astronomiquement, adv. astronomically. 
asymétrie, /. asymmetry. 
asymétrique, a. a8ymmetric(al). 
asymétrlquement, adv. asymmetrically. 
asymptote, /. asymptote. 
asymptotique, a. asymptotio(al). 
atakamite, /. (Min.) atacamite. 

atelier, m. workroom; workshop, factory t 
working party, gang; studio. 

— d^artificiera, (MU.) (pyrotechnic) labora- 

— de fonte t foundry; smeltery; melting 

— de grantuaiiont (Powder) graining room. 

— de prêciaiont shop where accurate fitting, 
etc., is done. 

— de teinture^ dyehouse. 

— nUoanique, machine shop. 
athanor, m. (Qld Cham.) athanor. 
athermane, a. athermanous. 
athérome, m. (Med.) atheroma. 
atmidomètre, m. atmometer, atmidometer. 
atmolyse, /. atmolysis. 

atmomètre, m. atmometer. 
atmosphère, /. atmosphere. 
atmosphérique, a. atmospheric (al). 
atome, m. atom. 

uigitized by 




mtomlelté, /. atomicity. 

atomlsiiiet m. atomism. 

atomlste» m. atomist. 

atomlstlqae, a. atomistioCal). -^ f. atomîa- 

a-t-on. Sse -t-. 

atozlqae, a. atoxic, nonpoioonous. 
atozyl, m. iPharm.) atozyl. 
atrabilaire, a. (Med.) atrabiliary. 
fttre, m. hearth. 
-&tre. -ish; as, raugeâtre, reddish, ^erdâtre, 

greenish, etc. 
atrolactlque, atiolactiiilqae» a. atrolactio. 
atromargliié» a. (Paper) black-bordered. 
atroiMunliie, /. atropamine. 
atrophier, «.(. atrophy. 
atropine, /. atropine. 
atroplque, a. atropio. 
attachant, p.a. attaching, etc. (see attach). 
attache, /. attachment; fastening (of any 

kind), tie, cord, band, brace, rivet, clamp, 

clip, etc.; assent, consent. 
attaché, p.a. attached, etc. (see attacher). 

— in. attaché; adherent. 
attachement, m. attachment. 

attacher, vt. attach; fasten (in any way), 
bind, tie, pin, stick, etc.; interest, please. 

— v.r. attach oneself, be attached, cling, 

attaquable, a. attackable, liable to attack. 

peu — , refractory. 
attaque, /. attack. 

— aux gazt — poseuse, — par gag, (MU.) gas 

— par vague» de gaz, (Mû.) gas-wave attack, 
doud-gas attack. 

attaquer, v.t. attack; commence on; address. 

attarder, v.t. delay. 

atteignant, of atteindre. 

atteindre, v.t. attain; reach; strike, hit; in- 
jure; overtake; equal, come up to. 

atteint, p.p. dk pr. s sing, of atteindre. 

atteinte, /. reach; attack, blow, stroke, hit; 
pain, harm, shock. 
hare d' — , out of reach, beyond reach; irre- 

attenant, a. & prep, adjoining. — adv. near 

attendant, of attendre, 
en — , meanwhile, meantime, 
en — que, till, until. 

attendre, v.t. wait for, await; look for, expect; 
keep (wine, etc.). — v.r. expect; rely. 

— v.i. wait. 

attendrir, v.t. soften, make soft, make tender. 

— x.r. become tender or soft, be softened. 
attendrissement, m. softening, making ten- 
der; tenderness, softness. 

Iltteodu, p.a. waited for, etc. (see attendre). 
f" prep, on account of, considering. 

attendu que, considering that, ônoe. 
attente, /. waiting; expectation. 
attenter, v.t. attempt. 
attentif, a. attentive. 
attention, /. attention. 
attentlTement, adv. attentively. 
atténuant, p.a. attenuating, atténuant; ex- 
tenuating. — m. (Med.) atténuant. 
atténuation, /. attenuation: extenuation. 
atténuer, v. t. attenuate, diminish; extenuate. 

— v.r. become attenuated or diminished. 
attiédi, p.a. made tepid, etc. (see attiédir); 

tepid, lukewarm. 
attiédir, v.t. make tepid, make lukewarm 
(whether by warming or cooling); cool. 

— v.r. become tepid or lukewarm. 
attlédlssement, m. making tepid, etc. (see 

attiédir); lukewarmneas, tepidness; cool- 

attlque, a. Attic; attic. — m. attic. 

attlrable, a. attractable. 

attirail, m. apparatus, equipment, requisites, 
appliances, implements, goods, plant. 

attirant, p.a. attractive, attracting. 

attirer, v.t. attract; lead to. — v.r. attract 
each other or one another. 

attiser, v.t. stir, stir up, poke (a fire). 

attlsenr, m. stoker. 

attlsoir, attlsonnler, atttoonnolr, m. poker, 
fire rake. 

attouchement, m. contact; touch, touching. 

attoucher, o.t. touch. 

attractenr, a. attracting. 

attractif, a. attractive, attracting. 

attraction, /. attraction. * 

attractlTcment, adv. with attraction, attrac- 

attralre, v.t. attract, entice. 

attrait, m. attraction; bait. — p.p. of attraire. 

attrape, /. crucible tongs; catch, trap. 

attraper, v.t. catch; get; strike; cheat, dupe. 

attrayant, of attraire. 

attrempi^ie, m. heating gradually, etc. (see 

attremper, v.t. heat gradually, anneal (glass), 
temper (steel), subject (glass pots, fur- 
naces, etc.) to a preliminary heating. 

attrlbuable, a. attributable. 

attribuer, v.t. attribute; assign. — v.r. claim; 
be attributed. 

attrition, /. attrition. 

au. Contraction of à le. 

aube, /. dawn; float, paddle, bucket (of a 

aubépine,/., aubépin,m. hawthorn (Cratagtu). 

aubier, m. sap wood, sap, (Bot.) alburnum. 

aucun, a. any; (with ne, expreceed or implied) 
no, not any. — pron. any, any one, (pi.) 
some; (with ne, expressed or implied) no 
one, not one, none. 

y Google 




) adv. in any way, at all; (with 
n«, expressed or implied) in no way, not at 
all; (less commonly) to a certain extent. 

audace, /. audacity. 

audacieux, a. audacious, daring. 

au deçà, au dedans, etc. See deçà, dedans, 

au-dessous, adv. below, beneath. 

— cte, under, beneath, below. 
au-dessus, ad», above, upwards. 

— de, above, over; (fig.) beyond. 
au-devant, adv. in front, before. 

— de, before; to meet. 
audleUce, /. audience; sitting; court. 
audition, /. hearing, audition; attendance (on 

lecture courses) ; auditing. 
auditoire, m. auditorium; audience. 
auge, /. trough; bucket (of a wheel); hod. 

— à goudron, tar bucket. 

— de roulage, bed (of an incorporating mill 
for gunpowder). 

— de trempage, (Expl.) dipping trough. 
augée, /. troughful; hodful. 

auffèt, m. small trough; bucket (of a wheel or 
a conveyor); groove; cartridge carrier. 

augmentation, /. increase, augmentation. 

augmenter, v.t. increase, augment, (of prices) 
raise or advance. — v.i. increase; (of 
prices) rise. — v.r. increase, be increased. 

augure, m. omen; augur. 

aujourd'liul, adv. today; nowadays, at 

aulne, m. ébf.'^ aune. ' 

aulx, pi. ci ail. 

aune, m. ÇBot.) aider (Alnuê); aider wood. 
— /. ell (old measure, 1.188 meters). 

aunée, /. (Bot.) elecampane (Inula helenium). 

aupara?ant, adv. previously, before. 

auiirès, adv. near, near by. 

— de, near, near to; about, with (persons); 
in comparison with; to. 

auquel. Contraction of à lequel. 
aura, fut S eing. of avoir (to have). 
auranolne, /. auramine. 
aurantla, n. (Dyes) aurantia. 
aurantlacées, (Bot.) Aurantiaceœ. 
auréole, /. areola (small area); specif, (as in 

blowpipe analysis), ring; (Attron.) corona; 

aureole, aureola. 
auréoslne, /. (Dyes) aureosin. 
aureux, a. aurous. 
aures, fut. È pi. of avoir (to have). 
auriculaire, a. auricular. — m. little finger. 
aurlf ^«, a. auriferous. 
aurlllque, a. aurifie. 
aurique, a. auric. 

auront, fut. S pi. of avoir (to have). 
aurore, /. dawn; aurora. — a. Am. the color 

of the sky at dawn (used variously to mean 

pink, reddish yellow, or golden yellow). 

aurore boréale, aurora borealis. 
aumre, m. auride. 
auryle, m. auryl. 

aussi, adv. also, too; so. — oonj. therefoie, so, 
and so. 

— Men, as well; so well; indeed, in fact, for. 

— bien q^e, as well as. 

— ... q^e, as ... as. 

aussitôt, adv. immediately, at once; (usually 
with que) as soon as, whenever. 

austère, a. (of taste) harsh, rough; austere, 

austérité, /. harshness, etc. (see austère). 

Australasle, /. Australasia. 

Australie, /. Australia. 

australien, a. Australian. 

autant, adv. as much, as many, as far. 

— . . . — ^, as much ... so much. 

— de, so much, so many. 

— q^e, as much, as many as; as far as, in 
so far as. 

— ... que, as ... as. 

d' — , by as much, to the same extent. 

d' — moine, the less so, all the less. 

d' — plus, the more so, all the more. 

d* — plus (or moine) que, all the more (or less) 
as, so much the more (or less) because. 

d* — que, in as much as, since, as; as far as. 

autel, m. altar; (Metal.) altar: either fire 

bridge (grand auid) or flue bridge (petit 

auUA)', (Astron.) Ara, the Altar. 

auteur, m. author; authority. 

authentique, a. authentic. — /. original 

auto-ballon, m. dirigible. 
auto-camion, m. auto truck, motor truck. 
autoclave, m. A a. autoclave. 
autocopiste, a. (self-)copyiiig. 
auto-exdtateur, a. (Elec.) self-exdting. 
auto-excitation, /. (^lec.) self-exdtation. 
autogène, a. autogenic, autogenous. 
autolyse, /. autolysis. 
autolytlque, a. autolsrtic. 
automate, m. automatic; automaton. 
automatle, automaticlté, /. automatic qual- 
ity or power. 
automatique, a. automatic. 
automatiquement, adv. automatically. 
automne, m. & f. autumn, fall. 
automobilisme, m. automobile manufacture; 

use of automobiles, automobilism. 
automoteur, a. self-acting, self-moving. 
automotrice, fem. of automoteur. 
autonome, a. autonomous. 
autoiisie, /. autopsy. 

— cadavértgue, post-mortem, autopsy. 
auto-régulateur, a. self-regulating. 
autorisation, /. authorisation. 
autoriser, v.t. authorise; commission. -^VAF 

be authorised; obtain authority. 

uigitized Dy V3V^' 





antorllé, /. authority. 
ftutoar, adv. around, round. 

— de, around, round, about. 
antre, a. <t pron. other. 

mntrefois» adv. formerly, in former times. 

mnlreiiieiit, adv. otherwise. 

Antriche, /. Austria. 

Antrlche-Honsrie, /. AustriarHungary. 

mutelclileii, a. Austrian. 

Mitmclie, /. ostrich. 

matmif m. other, others, other people. 

MMuergme, /. tan Uquor. 

maTOgnc'» V't soak in tan liquor. 

ftnremat» m. auvemat (a red wine). 

am. Contraction of d 2e8, to the, at the, etc. 

amdlts. Contraction of d lea dite, to the said 

things or persons, to the above, etc. 
smilislre, a. & m. auxiliary. 
Miiillalrenieiit, adv. in an auxiliary way. 
suxometre, m. (Optics) auxometer. 
SUiqu^es. Contraction of d lesqueUea. 
auxquels. Contraction of d lesqude. 
avait» imp. S aing. of avoir (to have). 
aval» m. downstream direction; guaranty. 

— adv. downstream. 

en —, downstream, down. 

en — de, below. 
avaler» v. t. swallow; lower (into a cellar), cel- 
lar; guarantee. — v.r. be swallowed; hang 

down; go downstream. 
avaUcs» wool from slaughtered sheep. 
avance» /. advance; projection; (Mach.) lead; 

(JSoap) a lye of density 25** B. 
«r — , par — , in advance. 
avaneé» p.a. advanced, etc. (see avancer); (of 

meat, etc.) spoiled; forward, early; late. 
avancement» m. advancement; projection. 
avancor» v.t. advance; hasten; gain. — v.i. 

advance; progress; project; be fast, gain 

time. — v.r. advance; progress; project. 
avant» prep, before. — adv. far; before. — m. 

front, fore part, head. 

— de, — awe, — que de, before. 

— J.-C., before Christ, B.C. 

en — t on, onward, forward, ahead. 

en — de, in advance of, before, beyond, 
avantage» t». advantage; odds; donation. 
avantagemenient, adv. advantageously. 
avantageai» a. advantageous; becoming; pre- 

avant-bras» m. forearm. 
avant-ehauffeur» m. preheater. 
avant-creuset» m. (Metal.) forehearth. 
avant-demier» a. A n. last but one, next to last. 
avant-garde» /. advance guard. 
avant-goût» m. foretaste. 
avant-guerre, m. (period) before the war. 

d* — , before-the-war, ante-bellum. 
avant-hier» adv. A m. day before yesterday. 
avant-pMee» n. ■> pièce maîtresse, under pièce. 

avant-iwopos» m. preface; preamble; intro- 
avant-vin, m. = vin doux, under vin, 
avare, a. avaricious; sparing; greedy. — m, A 

avarie, /. damage; (in maritime commerce) 

avarier, v.i. damage, spoil. — v.r. spoil 
avee, prep. with. — adv. with it. 

d' — , from. 
avelanède, /., acorn cup of the valonia oak, 

(pi.) valonia. 
aveline, /. filbert. 
avenant» a., pleasing; comely. 

d V — , in proportion, in keeping. 
avènement» m. coming, arrival, accession. 
avenir, m. future. — 1>.». happen, occur. 

d V — , in the future, for the future. 
aventure, /. adventiu^; venture; chance; 

d V — , haphazard, at random. 

d' — , par — , by chance, perchance. 
aventurer, v.t. venture, risk. — v.r. venture, 

run risk. 
avenu» p.p. of avenir. 
avérer, v.U prove, establish. 
avertir, v.t. inform, notify; warn. 
avertissement, m. preface (to books); notice; 

admonition, warning, hint. 
avertisseur, m. alarm, annunciator, call bell, 
indicator; one that notifies or warns. — a. 
warning, indicating, notifying. 
avet, m., avette, /. silver fir (Abtee piced^, 
aveu, m. consent; acknowledgment, avowal 
aveuglant, p.a. blinding. 
aveugle, a. blind. — m, A f. blind person. 
aveugler, v.t, blind; st<^ up, stop. 
aves, pr. B pi. of avoir (to have). 
avlde» a. avid, desirous, greedy, grasping. 

— de, (CAem.) having strong afiSni^ for. 
avidité, /. avidity. 
avlent, pr. 5 eing. of avenir. 
avles, imp. » pi. of avoir (to have). 
avilir, V (. depreciate; debase, degrade. — ar. 

(of goods) depreciate; (of prices) fall. 
avilissement, m. debasement, etc. (see avilir). 
avlner, v.t. season, soak or stain with wine. 
avion, m. airplane, aéroplane. 
avions» tmp. 1 pL, of avoir (to have), 
aviron, m. oar. 

avis, m. notice; preface; opinion; information, 
intelligence; warning; .counsel, advice; 
decision; vote. 

d mot» — , in my opinion. 

— aiUoriaé, official notice. 

aviser, v.t. advise; inform; perceive, see. —v.i. 
A r. think. 

— de, think of, see to.* 

a' — de, think of; presume to. 
a' — d, see to. 

uigitized by 


ttflfBCei m. briehteniiig, etc. (see aviver). 

aviver» v.t. brighten (in various senses); 
brighten, heighten, freshen (colors); pol- 
ish, buniish; quicken (with mercury, as in 
making mirrors or in electroplating); cut 
to sharper angles; brisk up, make hotter 
(a fire); enliven. — t.r. brighten, become 
brighter; revive; (of pain) become sharper. 

avocftt» m, advocate; barrister, lawyer. 

avocatier, m. avocado, alligator pear (tree). 

avoine, /. oats; oat plant; (pi.) oat crop. 

avoir, v.t. have. — m. property, possessions; 

— affaire d, have business with, have to do 
with, be dealing with. 

— dû fairet must have done (and so for other 
infinitives than faire). 

— lieUf take place, occur. 

— rataoni be right. 

— tort, be wrong. 

— vent de, get wind of. 

Uy a, there is, there are; (of time) it is, ago. 

Uyaeu, there has been, there have been. 

tZ y avait, there was, there were. 
avoisinant, p.a. adjacent (to), neighboring. 
avolslner, v.t. be adjacent to, border on. 

— v.r. be adjacent, be near. 
avons, pr. 1 pi. of avoir (to have). 
avortement, m. abortion. 
avoué, p.a. avowed; approved. — m. attorney. 
avouer, v.t. acknowledge, avow; approve. 
avrelon, m. mountain ash {Sorhue aucuparid). 
avril, m. April. 
avrUlet, m, spring wheat. 
axe, m. axis; axle, arbor, spindle, shaft. 
axial, a. axial. 
axUlalre, a. axillary. 
axlomatlque, a. axiomatic. 
axiome, m. axiom. 

axonge, /. semisolid fat, grease, especially lard; 
{Pharm.) lard, adeps. 

— halaamique, — hemoinée, (Pharm.) ben- 
zoinated lard. 

axuel, a. axial. 

ay, m. a kind of sparkling wine from Ay: 

ayant, p. pr. having (from avoir). 

Aa. Symbol for a^ote (nitrogen). 

azédarac, azédarach, m. (Bot.) China tree, 

asedarach, margosa. 
azélalque, a. azelaic. 
azlmldé, a. azimido, azimino. 
azlne, /. azine. 
azlnlque, a. azine. 
azoamldé, azoamlné, a. aminoazo. 



aiobeniène» m. axobenxene. 
aiobeniolque, a. asobensoic. 
aaodiphénylène, m. asodiphenylene Cphena- 

aïolqne, a. aso. •— > m. axo compound. 
aiophénollque, a. azophenolic, hydrozsraao. 
aiotate, /. nitrate. 

— d'ammoniaque, ammonium nitrate. 

— d'argent, silver nitrate. 

— de baryte, barium nitrate. 

— de chaux, calcium nitrate. 

— de cuivre, copper nitrate. 

— de fer, ferrie nitrate. 

— de fer liquide, (P?iarm.) solution of ferrie 

— de lithine, lithiimi nitrate. 

— de magnésie, magnesium nitotte. 

— de plomb; lead nitrate. 

— de potasse, potassium nitrate, nitrate of 

— de soude, sodium nitrate, nitrate of soda. 

— d'urane, uranium nitrate. 

— mercurique liquide, (Pfiarm.) solution of 
mercuric nitrate. 

aiote, m. nitrogen. 

— restant, residual nitrogen. 

aioté, a. nitrogenous; nitrogenised, azotised. 
aaoter, v.t. nitrogenise, azotize. 
aaoteux, a. nitrous. 
aaothydrlque, a. hydrazoic, triazoic. 
aaotlne, /. azotine (a nitrogenous fertilizer; 
also, an explosive of the gunpowder type). 
aiotlque, a. nitric. 
aaolite, m. nitrite. 

— d^amyl, amyl nitrite. 
aiotomètre» m, azotometer, nitrometer. 
aiotoxybemogloblne» /. nitric oxide hemo- 

aioture, m. nitride. 

— de plomb, lead nitride. 
aioturle, /. (Med.) azoturia. 
azotyle, m. nitryl, nitro group. 
azoxlque, a. azoxy. 
azoxybenzène, m. azoxybenzene. 
azur, m. azure, (sky) blue; smalt. 

— de cuivre, blue verditer. 
azurage, m. bluing, etc. (see azurer). 
azuré, a. azure. 

azurer, v.t. blue, color blue, azure. 

azurln, a. pale blue. 

azyme, a. unleavened. — m. azym, unleavenec} 

azymlque, a. azymio. 

Digitized by 



ftllWfllfWS m. butteRnilk. 
Iiablole, /. toy. bauble, trifle. 
lialMmlii, m. baboon. 

liM, m. back, vat, tank; (of a storage battery) 
jar; ferryboat. 

— à oarbonateTt — à oarbonatoUorit ÇSuoar) 
carbonating vat, saturator. 

— à criataUiser, crystallizing tank, crystal- 

— d'attente, (Sugar) crystallixer. 

— dieafUeur, decanting tank. 

— jauoeur, (fSngar) a container for measuring 
the proper amount of masseouite into the 

— mesureur, (JSugar) a container for measure 
ing beet juice. 

— refiroidiaeeur, cooling tank. 

bftehe, /. dstem, tank; cover (of canvas or the 
like), tarpaulin. 

bachelier, m. bachelor. 

bacillaiie, a. bacillar, badllary. 

bacOle, m. badllus. 

bscUle-YlTgule» m. comma bacillus, cholera 

baetértclde, a. bactericidal. 

Iiactérie, /. bacterium; (pi.) bacteria. 
bactérie» aérobies, aérobic bacteria. 

bactérien, a. bacterial, ÇL«» often) bacterian. 

bactérfolOBie, /. bacteriology. 

bactériolyie, /. bacteriolysis. 

bactériolysliie» /. bacteriolsrsin. 

bactriok», /.pi. gold beatings. 

badamier, m., badamle, /. (fiot.) Terminalia. 

Bade, n. Baden (duchy) ; Baden-Baden (water- 
ing place). 

badiane,/., badlanler, m. star anise (lUicium). 

badigeon, m. (Painting) whitewash, or wash of 
any color; badigeon; putty. 

badlgeonnage» m. painting, etc. (see badigeon- 

badigeonner, v.t. paint, coat (with iodine, with 
tar, etc.); whitewash, wash (in any color). 

iMdiner, v.i. have play, hang loose; jest, play. 

badois, a. of Baden. 

bagaee,/. «bagasse. 

bagage, m. baggage, luggage. 

J /. spent substance (as indigo waste, 
the marc of grapes or of olives, etc.); 
■pedf., (Sugar) bagasse, cane trash; (fiot.) 
fnàt of the bagaeeier. 

', m. (JBot.) an ulmaoeouB tree of 

bagassière» /. (Sugar) a trough which conducts 

sugar cane to the rolls. 
bague, /. ring; hoop, collar, sleeve, band. 

— d'appui, supporting ring or collar. 

— d'aatemblage, collar, sleeve. 

— de garniture, packing ring, piston ring. 
baguenaude, /. bladder senna pod. 
baguenaudler, m. (fiot.) bladder senna (Colw 

tea arboreacena). 
baguette,/, rod; stick, wand, switch; ramrod; 
(of a rocket) stick; drumstick. 

— de nettoyage, cleaning rod. 

— de verre, — en verre, glass rod. 
bale, /. berry; bay. 

— de genévrier, — de genièvre, juniper beny. 
baignage, m. bathing, etc. (see baigner). 
baigner, v.t. bathe, lave; wet. — o.t. float, 

swim; dip; soak, be immersed. 

baignoire, /. bath tub; (in a theater) box. 

ball, m. lease. 

bâiller, v.i. yawn, gape, be open, show ore- 
1, m. bath (in various senses) ; bathing. 

— à aenatbUiaer, (Photog.) sensitising bath. 

— dair, air bath. 

— d'argent, (P?iotog.) silver bath. 

— de Barègea artificid, a bath imitating the 
sulfur water of Bareges, made by adding a 
prepared mixture of salts to ordinary water. 

— de eendrea, ash bath. 

— de développement, (Photog.) developing 

— de fixage, (Photog.) fixing bath. 

— de fonte, bath of melted cast iron. 

— de mortier, bed of mortar. 

— de plomb, lead bath. 

— de aable, sand bath. 

— de ael, salt bath. 

— de teinture, dye bath, liquor. 

— de trempe, tempering bath. 

— de vapeur, steam bath; (Med.) vapor bath. 

— de virage, (Photog.) toning bath. 

— dhuHe, oil bath. 

— fixateur, (Photog.) fixing bath. 

— réducteur, reducing bath. 

— révélateur, (Photog.) developing bath. 
en — , melted, fused. 

mettre en — , melt, fuse. 


Digitized by 





iMln-nmrie, m. water bath. 
Imlbnette, /. bayonet. 
baiser» v,t. et r. kias. — m. kiss, kiasiog. 
♦ /. fall, decline. 
- du change, fall of exchange. 

ST, v.t lower; bow (the head). — v.i. fall, 
sink, decline; deteriorate. — v.r. stoop; 
fall; be dejected. — m. setting (of the 
iMiIssière, /. bottom, foot, part just above the 
lees (as of wine in a cask). 
Ir, m. (Salt) brine tank. 
I m. broom; (d laver) mop; (Elee.) brush. 

— de communication, commutator brush. 

— Uedrique, dynamo brush. 
lialale, pr. s «ing. of balayer. 

balais, balai, a. In rubis balaiOt), balas ruby. 
balance, /. balance. 

— à court fléau, short-beam balance. 

— à ressort, spring balance. 

en — , in suspense, in the balance. 

balancé, p.a. balanced; swayed, rocked; un- 
decided; weighed, considered. 

balancement, m. balancing, etc. (see balan- 
cer); balance; (Asbron.) libration. 

balancer, v.t. balance; swing, rock; weigh, ex- 
amine. — v.r. swing, sway; balance. 

balancerie, /. balance factory, scales factory; 
balance making. 

balancier, m. beam, lever; pendulum; press 
(for stamping, punching or the like) ; fly, 
flyer (of a wheel) ; balance, balance wheel 
(of a watch); rod (of a pump); balance 

— à vis, fly press, screw press. 

— dicoupoir, cutting press. 
balançoire, /. swing; seesaw; (Cement) an 

apparatus for sifting the ground cement. 

balanstier, m. pomegranate tree. 

balayage, balayement, m. sweeping. 

balayer, v.t. sweep. 

balayette, /. small broom or brush. 

balayure, balayures, /. sing. <& pi. sweepings. 

balbutier, o.t. stammer, lisp. — v.t. stammer. 

bale, bftle, /. glume, husk, chaff (of seeds). 

B&le, /. Basel, Bftle (Swiss canton and town). 

Baléares, Balearic isles. 

baleine,/, whale; whalebone, Oess commonly) 
baleen; rib, stay (as of an umbrella). 

iMdeinler, a. whaling. — m. whaler; whale- 
bone dealer. 

iMdevre, /. projection (on a casting) ; lower lip. 

baline, /. a coarse woolen packing fabric, 

balistique, /. ballistics. — a. ballistic. 

balistlte, /. (Expl.) ballistite. 

baliveau, m. young tree, sapling, staddle. 

balkanique, a. Balkan. 

ballase, m. (Metal) ballmg. 

ballant, a. swinging, loose. I 

ballast, m. ballast. 
baflastage, m. ballasting. 
baUe,/.baU; bale; pack; bullet; (Bo(.) ■ 

— à idairer, (Pyro.) light ball. 

— à feu, (Pyro.) fire ball. 

— à fumée, (Pyro.) smoke ball. 

— ardente, (Pyro.) light ball. 

— conique, conical bullet. 

— d'artifice, pyrotechnic ball, fire ball. 

— de remplissage, shrapnel bullet. 

— luieante, (Pyro.) light ball. 

— multiple, fragmentation bullet. 
►, v.t. (Metal.) baU. 

ballon, m. balloon; specif., a spherical or round- 
bottomed flask, balloon flask (but also 
applied rather loosely to certain other 
flasks); carboy; inflated ball (as a foot- 
ball; top (of an automobile) ; hood. 

— à col court, short-necked balloon. 

— à distillation, — à distiller, balloon flask 
for distillation. 

— d filtrer, round-bottomed filtering flask. 

— d fond plat, flat-bottomed flask (usually a 
Florence flask). 

— d gaz, gas balloon, specif., a flexible gaa 
holder with delivery tube and stopcock, for 

— d long col, long-necked balloon, bolthead. 

— éCartifices, fire balloon. 

— de Pasteur, Pasteur flask. 

— d'extraction, balloon flask for extraction 
(short wide neck, flat bottom). 

— dilvleur, dilution flask (used in the analy- 
sis of air). 

— réserve, a special bottle (resembling a wash 
bottle) for preserving a sterile liquid and 
delivering it in the form of a jet. 

ballonner, v.t. distend, inflate. — v.i. bulge. 

ballot, m. (small) bale, package. 

baOote, /. (Bot,) BaUota. 

ballotte, /. small ball; a wine vessel; = ballote. 

ballotter, v.t. toes, toes about, shake; pack in 

bales; ballot for. — v.i. shake, wobble, 

bftlols, a. of Basel or Bale. 
balsamler, m. balsam tree. 
Iialsaniifère, a. balsamiferous. 
balsamique, a. balsamic. 
bambou, m. bamboo. 

banaliser, v.t. render banal or commonplaoe. 
banane, /. banana. 
bananier, m. banana (plant). 
banc, m. bed, stratum; bench; (Tech.) frame, 

bed; bank (of sand, etc.). 

— d étrangler, (Pyro.) choking frame, choking 

— d'artifices, (Pyro.) laboratory table. 
bandage, m. tire; hoop; bandage; bandaging. 

— aunUchouc, rubber tire. 

— creux, penumatic tire. 

uigitized Dy 





ide roue, tire. 

— plein, solid tire. 

— pneumatigue, pneumatio tire. 

Iiaiide» /. band; strip; slip; strap; belt; ban- 
dage; tire; side» shore. 
iMUidé» p.a. bandaged, etc. (see bander). 

— m. compression (of a spring). 
iMUidelette» /. narrow band* small strip; flat 

bar iron; small bandage. 

— ooo^uHnaHvet adhesive strip. 
I v.t bandage, bind up; compress, set, 

wind up (a spring) ; tighten (a oord) ; bend 
(something elastic); cock (a gim). — v.t. 
be tight. 

9 /• buckwheat flour; buckwheat. 
r, m. spring, mainspring. 
, /. shoulder belt. 
, /. outskirts, environs, suburbs. 
t /. hamper; awning; tarpaulin; (Aftn- 
ino) corf, corb. 

tennlèie, /. banner. 

iMumir, v.t. banish. 

iMUMllie, /. bank; banking. 

iMumaeroate, /. bankruptcy. 

iMUiqiiler, m. banker. 

bMiaet, m. tub; bucket; trough; tray; (Olaaa) 
a water bucket for cooling the blowpipe. 

barattege, m. churning. 

baratte, /. churn. 

baratte-niAlaieur, m. a combined chum and 

baratter, v.t. chum. 

Barbade, /. Barbados, Barbadoes. 

barbare, a. barbarian; barbarous. — m. bar- 

barbaresque, a. of Barbary. 

barbe, /. beard; rough edge, burr (of castings, 
etc.); (Paper) deckle; barb; wattle, gill; fin. 

— de plume, feather of a quill. 

barbeau, m. cornflower, bluebottle (Centaurea 
eifonuê); barbel (a fish). — a. cornflower 
(blue), light blue. 

barbelé, a barbed. 

barbmon, m. barb; barbel 

barbotage, m. bubbling, etc. (see barboter); 
mash (as of bran and water). 

barboter, v.i. (of gases) bubble; paddle, dab- 
ble;' mumble. — v.<. mix, stir; dip; splash. 

barbotenr, m. bubbler (vessel in which a gas 
delivery tube dips into a liquid, e.g. a gas- 
washing bottle or a potash bulb); mixer, 
stirrer, agitator; duck. — a. bubbling; 
stirring, mixing. 

— d paletUe, paddle mixer. 
barbottn, m. sprocket wheel, chain pulley. 
barbotine, /. (Ceram.) slip, slop; (Pharm.) 

barbottenr, m. « barboteur. 
barbouiller, v.t. daub, smear, soil; scribble; 

bungle; mumble. 

barbn, a. bearded; (Bot.) barbate. 
bardeau, m. shingle; slate (for roofing). 
bardelle, /. (Glass) bullion bar (an arm or bai 

on which the glass is rested). 
baril, m. barrel; barrel-shaped vessel. 
barfUe, /. barilla (either alkali or plant). 

— douce, the first quality of Spanish cmde 

— mélangée, second-grade Spanish crude 

barillet, m. small barrel, keg; (Oas) a horison- 
tal washing apparatus, hydraulic main; 
(Mach.) barrel, dnun, cylinder; (of a fuse) 

bariolage, m. medley; variegation. 

bariolé, p.a. variegated, party-colored, moUey. 

barique, /. See barrique. 

baritel, m. hoisting machine, whim. 

barium, m. bariimi. 

barie, /. (Mining) fault. 

barlong, a. of unequal sides, lopsided; oblong. 

baromètre, m. barometer. 

— d cadran, wheel barometer. 

— d cuvette, cup barometer. 

— d mercure, mercury barometer. 

— d siphon, siphon barometer. 

— enregistreur, recording barometer, baro- 

— portatif, portable barometer. 
barométrique, a. barometric(al). 
barométriquement, adv. barometrically. 
barométrographe, m. barometrograph, baro- 

baronne, /. baroness. 

baroque, a. (of pearls) irregular, baroque; odd, 
grotesque, baroque. 

barque, /. (small) boat, skiff. 

barquleuz, (/Soap) tanks having per- 
forated false bottoms and used for the 
preparation of lye. 

barrage, m. dam; barrier; (Mil.) barrage. 

barras, m. barras, galipot. 

barre, /. bar (in various senses) ; line, stroke. 

— d r, T-bar, T-iron. 

— dialler, (Elec.) positive bus bar. 

— d'appui, hand rail. 

— de fourneau, — de griUe, fire bar, grate bar. 

— de retour, (Elec.) negative bus bar. 

— d'excentrique, eccentric rod. 

— directrice, guide bar. 

— du foyer, fire bar, grate bar. 

— témoin, (Metal.) trial bar, tap bar. 
barreau, m. (<mall) bar; bar Gegal sense). 

— aimanté, bar magnet. 

— de grille, grate bar. 

— d'essai, test bar. 

barrer, v.t. bar; dam; strike out, cross out. 
barrette, /. (small) bar; rib, stay, strip. 

— d'essai, test bar, test strip. 
barrière, /. bamer. 

uigitized by 





talilqae* /. barrel, cask (esp. for liquids). 
iMuyte» /. baryta. 

— oatutiqrte, caustic baryta, barium oxide. 

— hydratée, hydrated baryta, barium hydrox- 

ImiTtliie, /. (Min.) barite, barytes. 
iNtfytlqae» a. of or pertaining to bmum or 
baryta, barytic; as, sulfate ban/tique^ ba- 
rium sulfate. 
barymn, m. haiiam.. 

bftSy a. low; lower; shallow. — m. bottom, 
lower part, foot; stocking. — adv, low; 
down, off. 
à — , down; low, off with; down with. 
à — de, down from, off. 
~- foyer, {Metal.) any broad, low furnace (as 
contrasted with shaft furnace), hearth 
furnace, shallow hearth. 
haeae pression, low pressure. 
en — , below; downstairs; downward. 
en — de, at the bottom of. 
par — , below; downward. 
par en — , downward; at the bottom; from 
basalte, m. basalt. 
Iiasaltlque» a. basaltic. 
basane» /. tanned sheepskin, sheep, basil. 
basané» p.a. tanned, sunburnt. 
bascole» /. a piece or apparatus having a rock- 
ing or seesaw motion, rocker, lever, plier, 
swipe, bascule, balance (esp. of the steel- 
yard kind) ; specif., a conveyor in the form 
of a trough or pipe which is rocked forward 
and backward; reciprocating or seesaw 
à — , rocking. 

— romaine, Roman balance. 

basculer» v.t. move back and forth about a 

pivot, rock, swing, sway, tilt, dip, drop. 
bascalear, m. rocker; {Mach.) rocking lever. 
base,/, base; basis. 

— antimoniée, (Org. Chem.) any of various 
substituted stibines. 

— arséniée, (Org. Chem.) any of various sub- 
stituted arsines. 

— cada/oérique, cadaveric base, ptomaine. 

— nudHnique, nuclein base. 

— névrinique, neurine base. 

— oxygénée, (Qrg. Chem.) a base containing 
oxygen, as a hydroxy amine. 

— phosphores, (Qrg. Chem.) any of various 
substituted phoephines. 

— purique, piuine base. 

— pyridique, pyridine base. 

— quinoléique, quinoline base. 

— xanthique, xanthine base. 

baser» v.t. base, groimd. — v.r. be based. 

se — stir, be based on, take as a basis. 
bas-fond» m. low ground, bottom; shoal water, 
shoal; (rarely) deep water. 

bas-foyer, m. See bas foyer, under bas. 
basicité, /. basicity. 
baslflcatton» /. basification, basifsring. 
basilic» m. (Bot.) basil, esp. sweet basil (Ocimum 

basUicum); basilisk. 
basique, a. basic. 

basophile» a. (JBiol.) basophilic, basophilous. 
basse, a. /em. of bas. — /.shoal; (Music) hasB, 
basse-eonr,/. farmyard; backyard. 
basse-étoflè, /. base metal, esp. an alloy of 

lead and tin. 
basse-mer, /. low water, low tide. 
basscrie, /. (Leather) plimiping liquor. 
bassesse, /. lowness; baseness, meanness. 
bassin, m. basin (in various senses); pan, 

specif, scale pan; dock; (Anat.) pelvis. 

— de repos, settling basin, settling tank. 

— fatrant, filtering basin, filter bed. 
bassine, /. a variously shaped open vessel (usu- 
ally circular in form but either shallow or 
deep and either metal or pottery), pan, 

— conique, a pailnshaped vessel, widening 
from bottom to top and having the han- 
dles on the sides. 

— cylindrique, a cylindrical vessel or jar, 
usually with handles on the sides. 

bassiner, v.t. dampen, moisten, sprinkle; bathe. 

bassinet, m. (small) basin; (of a fuse) cup. 

bassorine, /. bassorin. 

bassotln, m. (Dyeing) indigo vat. 

bastrinque» m. a kind of black-ash furnace. 

bas-Tcntre, m. lower part of the belly. 

bat» pr. S sing, of battre. 

bataille» /. battle; battle amy. 

batailler, v.i. battle, struggle. 

batalUon, m. battalion. 

bfttard, a. bastard, mongrel, hybrid. 

batate, /. sweet potato, batatas. 

batavlque, a. In the phrase larme bataoiquet 

Rupert's drop. 
bateau, m. boat. 

— à vapeur, steamboat, steamer. 
batean-dterne, m. tank boat, tank steamer. 
bâtée, /. pan (for washing gold). 

b&tl, p.a. built; (Seudng) basted. — m. frame, 

framework; support, bed, stand; basting. 
bftUment» m. building, structure; vessel, ship. 

— de graduation, (Salt) graduation house, 
graduation tower. 

bfttir, v.t. build; (Sewing) baste. — v.i. build. 

— v.r. be built; build for oneself. 

bftton, m. stick; rod, cane, staff, wand, baton. 

à batons rompus, by snatches. 
bfttonnage» m. casting into stick form. 
bâtonner» v.t. beat with a stick; strike out. 
bâtonnet, m. small stick, small rod, rodlet. 
batracien, m. (Zoàl.) batrachian. 
battage» m. beating; stamping; churning; 
thrashing; driving (of piles). 

uigiiizea Dy 





tattant, a. beating; swinging (door); fighting; 
(Maeh.) going, working. — m. l«af (of a 
door); dapper (of a bell); batten (of a 

iMtte, /. beater, beetle, rammer; (of a chum) 
beater, plunger. 

iMttement, m. beating; beat; clapping, flap- 
ping, stamping. 

iMtterie, /. battery; fighting, fray. 

— éUdriquet electric battery. 
iMtteur, m. beater. 

— d*or, gold beater. 

iMtteiue, /. beater; chum; thrashing ma- 

bftttttures, hammer scale, iron scale 
(chiefly FejOO. 

bftttotr, m. beater, rammer. 

iMltre* v.t. beat; pound, strike, hammer, bat> 
ter, ram, thrash, drive*(piles), coin (nkoney). 

— «.«.beat; throb, palpitate; clap, stamp; 
(Maeh.) be loose. 

— êon plein, be in full blast. 
bftttn, p.a. beaten, etc. (see battre). 
bftttnre» /. gold laicquer. 
baudruche» /. goldbeater's skin. 
iMUge» /. a mortar of clay and straw. 
iMume» m. balsam; balm. 

— calédonien, (.Phartn.) a solution of kauri 
gum in an equal weight of 90 per cent 

— de Canada, Canada balsam. 

— de Carthaghne, balsam of Tolu. 

— de cheval, (Bot.) horse balm (CoUinaonia). 

— de copahu, copaiba, copaiba balsam. 

— deGUéad, bahn of Gilead. 

— delà Mecque, balm of Gilead, Mecca bal- 

— de Pérou, — de Pérou noir, — dee Indes, 

— de Soneonate, balsam of Peru. 

— de Tolu (or tolu), bidsam of Tolu (or tolu). 

— du commandeur, (Pharm.) an old remedy 
essentially the same as oompoimd tincture 
of bensoin. 

— ophthalmique rouge, (Pharm.) ointment of 
red mercuric oxide. 

— tranquille, (Pharm.) an olive oil solution of 
several narcotic and aromatic plant sub- 
stances, used as an anodyne. 

— vert, (JBot.) spearmint. 
iMumler, m. balsam tree. 
iMUX, pi. of bail. 
bftuxlte, /. (Min.) bauxite. 
iMvard, a. talkative; gossiping. 
bftYUols, a. Bavarian. 

iMTe, /. daver, slobber, slime, foam. 

bftver, v.i. slaver, slobber, dribble, run, (of ink) 

bftYette, /. bib; plate. 
]to¥lère, /. Bavaria. 
bftYOChé, p.a. blurred, printed indistinctly. 

bftTure, /. rough edge, seam, burr, beard, mold 

bayer, v.i. gape. 
bdelttum, m. bdellium. 
beau» a. beautiful, handsome, fine, elegant, fair, 

pleasant; proper, fitting; (in compound 

words) step-, -in-law. — m. best; beauty; 

beaut^ul; beau, fop. 
beaucoup» adv. much, greatly. — in. much, a 

great deal, a good deal. 
à — prèe, by far, by a great deal. 

— de, much, many, a great many. 
de — , by far, by much. 

beauté, /. beauty. 

beaux-arts, fine arts. 

bee, m. burner; Up (of a vessel); beak, bill; 
neck (of a still or retort); any of various 
projecting parts, nose, spout, stud, catch, 
arm, jaw (of a vise), mouthpiece, tip. 
à — (of vessels) with Up, Upped. 

— à ffoz, gas bumer. 

— à incandescence, incandescent gas bumer. 

— à tûraoe, bumer for creating a draft. 
— Buneen, Bunsen bumor. 

— cacheteur, a bumer for sealing letters, etc. 

— Cared, Carcel lamp. 

— de cigogne, stork's bill; herb Robert (Oe- 
ranium robertianum). 

— de eûreté, safety bumer. 

— d*étain,(Min.)& twinned cassiterite crystal. 

— de tirage, « bec à tirage. 

— papHlon, fishtail bumer(7). 

— renveraê, inverted bumer. 
bec-de-grue, m. (Bot.) crane's-bill (Géranium). 

— tacheté, spotted crane's-bill (O. msuvJLor 


bêche, /. spade. 

becherglas, m. beaker. 

bégayer, v.i. & t. stammer, stutter, lisp. 

belge, a. (of wool) raw, natural; of the color 
of, or made from, raw wool. 

bel, a. Used instead of heau before vowels 
and in certain phrases. See beau. 

beige, a. Belgian. 

belge-sllésien, a. (Zinc) designating or pertain- 
ing to the combined Belgian and Sileeian 

Belgique, /. Belgium. 

bélier, m. ram. 

belladone, /. belladonna. 

beOadonlne, /. beUadonnine. 

belle, a. fem. of beau. — /. beUe, fair one. 

belliqueux, a. warlike, martial, beUicose. 

belllte, /. (Expl.) bellite. 

ben, m. h&x, ben nut, ben tree (Moringa). 

bénédiction, /. blessing, benediction, conse- 

bénéfice, m. benefit; (Com.) profit, gain; (Oem 
Cutting) diamond waste. 
au — de, to the benefit of. 

uigiiizea Dy 





, o. beneficial. 
!r, v.i, make a profit. — v.t. work with 

bénéTOle, a. kind, benevolent; (of students) 

speoiekl, not candidate for a degree. 
bengale, m. {Pyro.) Bengal light; (cap.) 

bénigne, a. fern, of benin. 
bénin, a. benign, benignant, kind, mild. 
bénir, v.t. bless. 

bénit, béni, p.a. blessed, consecrated, holy. 
beiUoIn, m. benzoin (either resin or 

benne, /. a receptacle in which material is 

transported in factories, mines, etc.: 

basket, cage, cradle, car, skip, bucket. 
benotte, /. (JBot.) avens, bennet (Oeum). 

— aquatique^ — des ruisseaux^ water avens 
iO. rivaU). 

bénolélqne, a. behenolic. 
benxatdoxlnie, m. benzaldozime. 
benzène, m. benzene. 

— diazimidet triazobenzene. 

— sulfoxyde, phenyl sulfoxide. 
bensènedlearbonlqne, a. benzenedicarboz- 


bensène-monosulfoné, a. benzene (mono)- 

benxène-snlfoné, a. benzenesulfonic. 

benaènetricarbonlqne, a. benzenetricarboz- 

bensènetrisulfoné, a. benzenetrisulfonic. 

benssénlqne, a. of or pertaining to benzene, 
benzene, aromatic. 

benséno-dlsnlfonlqne, a. benzenedisulfonic. 

bensséno-sulfonate, m. benzenesulfonate. 

benzéno-sulfone, m. phenyl sulfone. 

benzéno-sulfonlque, a. benzenesulfonic. 

benxényle, m. benzenyl. 

benshydrol, m. benzohydrol, benzhydrol. 

benzidine, /. benzidine. 

benzldlnlqne, a. benzidine; as, transposition 
benzidinique, benzidine rearrangement. 

benslle, m. benzil. 

benzine, /. benzene (or. Com. benzole); ben- 
zine; turpentine. 

— colophanéct turpentine (the oleoresin). 

— delà houille, benzene (or benzole). 

— légère, light benzole. 

— lourde, heavy benzole. 

— rectifiée, oil of turpentine. 

— régie, heavy benzole. 
benzoate, m. benzoate. 
benzobleu, m. benzo blue (a dye). 
benzoflavlne, /. (Dyes) benzoflavine. 
benzofurftinne, m. benzofuran, benzofur^ 

benzolne, /. benzoin. 
benzolné, a. benzoinated. 
benzolqne, o. benzoic. 

benzol» m. bensole, benzol (the oommeroial 

product); benzene (the compound). 
benzonaphtol, m. benzonaphthol 08-naphthyl 

benzoate, used as an antiseptic). 
benzonltrile, m. benzonitrile. 
benzophénone, /. benzophenone. 
benzopuiparine, /. (Dyes) benzopurpurin. 
benzothlophène» m. benzothiophene (tihio- 

benzoylacétlqae, a. benzoylaoelic O-keto- 

hydrocinnamic) . 
benzoyle, m. benzoyl. 
benzoylfwmlqne, a. benzoylformic (keto-<r- 

benzylamlne, /. benzylamine. 
benzyle, m. benzyl. 
benzyllque, a. benzyl, benzylio. 
béquille, /. crutch; handle (of a cook); prop, 

berbérine, /. berberine. 
berbérinlqne» a. berberine, of berberine. 
beroe, /. (Bot.) cow parsnip (Heradeum). 
berceau, m. cradle (in various senses) ; barrel 

vault; (Founding) a furnace for drying 

bercement, m. rocking, rocking motion. 
bM^»r, v.t. rock; deceive; (Engraving) cradle. 
bergamote, /. bergamot, bergamot orange; 

bergamot orange tree. 
bergamotler, m. bergamot orange tree (Citrtu 

aurantium hergamia). 
bergw, m. shepherd. 
béribéri, m. beriberi 
bérll, m. beryl. 
Bermudes, Bermudas. 
béryl, m. beryl. 
béryllium, m. beryllium. 
besalgre, a. turning sour, sour. 
besicles, spectacles. 
besogne, /. work; task, labor, business, 

besogner, v.i, work. 
besoin, m. want, need, necessity. 
au — at need, if necessary. 
avoir — de, have need of, need, want. 
U est — , it is necessary. 
bestiaux, live stock, cattle. 
bétail, m. live stock, cattle. 
bétalne, /. betsJne. 

bête, /. beast, brute, animal; simpleton; aver- 
sion. — a. silly, stupid. 
bêtise, /. stupidity, folly, nonsense. 
bétolne, /. betony (Betonica). 
béton, m. concrete; (rarely) colostrum. 

— aggloméré, ordinary cement concrete. 

— armé, reinforced concrete, armored con- 
crete, ferroconcrete. 

— au quart, — au septihne, etc., concrete 
with one volume of cement to four, seven, 
etc. of other material. 

uigiiizea Dy 





Coignet, a kind of concrete made by 
mixing sand with cement or hydraulic lime, 
and adding water. 

— gras, concrete rich in cement. 

— maigre, concrete poor in cement. 
bétoniiBS^ m. concrete work, concrete; lay- 
ing of concrete. 

bétonner, v.t. construct, or cover, with con- 

bétonneur, m. concrete worker. 

bétonnière» /. concrete mixer. 

bette, /. any plant of the genus Beta, including 
beets and chard. 

betterave, /. beet, beetroot. 

— à 9ucr€, sugar beet. 

— fourragère, forage beet. 

— potagère, beet for cooking. 

— aucrière, sugar beet. 

beurre, m. butter (in various senses). 

— de cacao, cacao butter Gess properly called 
cocoa butter). 

— de coco, coconut butter, coconut oil. 

— de muecade, nutmeg butter. 

— de vache, cow butter, ordinary butter. 

— firaie, fresh butter, unsalted butter. 
benrrerle, /. place where butter is made, 


beYllacque, n. (Bot.) Indian pennywort. 

béioard, m. besoar. 

béaoardlqne, a. bezoardic. 

(uide — , old name for ellagic acid. 

blaeétyle, m. biacetyl, 2, 3-butanedione. 

blAClde, a. biacid, diacid. 

btols, m. slope, inclination, slant; bias, bent; 
way of looking or proceeding, shift. — a. 
slanting, oblique, skew, askew, awry. 
de — , en — , obliquely, aslant, askew, on the 

bimlsw, v.i. slant, slope, slope ofiF. 

biatomlque, a. diatomic. 

blbarytlque, a. containing two atoms of ba- 
rium, dibarium. 

bibaslque, a. bibasic, dibasic. 

bibelot, m. small ornament, knickknack. 

bibliographe, m. bibliographer. 

bibliographie, /. bibliography. 

blbUographlque, a. bibliographic(aI). 

bibliothécaire, m. librarian. 

bibliothèque, /. library; bookcase. 

blbromer, v.t. (Qrg. CJiem.) introduce two 
atoms of bromine into. 

blbromhydrlque, a. (Org. Chem.) of the nature 
of a dibromohydrin (thus, ethylene chloride 
is called the ether hibromhydrique of glycol). 

blbromure, m. dibromide. 

bicalclque, a. dicalcium, dicalcic. 

bicarbonate, m. bicarbonate. 

— de potaaee, potassium bicarbonate. 
— • de soude, sodium bicarbonate. 

blcarboné, o. bicarburetted. 

blcarbure, m. dicarbide, bicarbide, (formerly) 

bicarré, a. (Math.) raised to the fourth power. 
blchet, m. annatto. 
blchloré, a. dichloro, dichloro-. 
blehlorhydrlque, a. of the nature of a diohlo" 

rohydrin. See hibromhydrique. 
blehlorure, m. dichloride, bichloride. 
blchronuite, m. dichromate, bichromate. 

— de potaeae, potassium <lichromate. 

— de Boude, sodium dichromate. 
biconcave, a. biconcave, concavo-concave. 
biconvexe, a. biconvex, convexo-convex. 
bldon, m. can, tin-plate vessel (often holding 

about 5 Uters) for oil, gasoline or the like; 
large jug or pitcher of wood or metal; 

— à huûe, oil can. 

— incendiare, (MU.) incendiary can. 
blelle, /. (Mach.) rod, arm, link, connecting 

rod, side rod. 

— d'accouplement, coupling rod. 

— motrice, driving rod. 

bien, adv. well; very; very much, much; 
quite, entirely. — m. good; good thing, 
blessing; property, estate, possession. 
à — , successfully. 

— de, much, many. 

— entendu, well understood; be it well under- 
stood; certainly. 

— entendu que, it being understood that, pro- 
vided that. 

— peu, very little. 

— plus, more than that, whai is more. 

— que, altho, tho. 

— venu, welcome. 

en — , honorably; favorably. 

«t — que, so that; however, however much. 
bien-être, m. welfare, comfort, comforts. 
bienfaisant, a. beneficent, beneficial, helpful. 
bienfait, m. benefit. 
biennal, a. biennial. 
bientôt, adv. soon, shortly, presently. 
bltee, /. beer; bier.< 

— de Bruneunck, mum. 

— de conserve, — de garde, lager beer. 

— de gingembre, ginger beer. 

— de malt, malt liquor. 
biffer, v.t. erase, cancel, strike out. 
blftircateur, m. dividing piece, forked tube. 

— en forme deT,T tube. 

— en forme d* Y, Y tube. 

blftirqué, p.a. bifurcated, bifurcate, forked; 

(of chains of atoms) branched. 
bigarade, /. bitter orange. 
bigarré, a. mottled, party-colored. 
bllodhydrlque, a. of the nature of a diiodohy 

drin. See hibromhydrique. 
bUodure, m. diiodide, biiodide, biniodide. 

— de mercure, mercuric iodide. 

uigiiized Dy '' 



bISoil» m. (Pharm.) pine resin. 

bilou» m. jewel. 

bUouteiie, /. jewelry; jeweler's trade or shop. 

bllftn, m. balance sheet. 

bUe, /. bile, gall. 

— de bœuf, oxgall, oz bile. 
biliaire» a. biliary, bile. 
bUlem» a. bilious. 

bfllard» m. billiards; billiard table or room. 

bllle» /. small ball (of metal or other material) ; 
billiard ball; marble; log; billet; sucker, 
shoot; cutting (for propagation). 

billet, m. note, bill, ticket, ballot, certificate. 

— da banque, bank note. 

— simple, promissory note; (RaUtoaus) single 

billon, m. coin bronse; billon (debased alloy 

formerly used for money) ; (Agric.) ridge. 
billot, m. block. 
bfloope, /. a magnifsring glass with two 

blmasnéslqoe, a. containing two atoms of 

magnesium, dimagnesium. 
blmétalUque^ a. bimetalhc; containing two 

atoms of a metal, dimetallic. 
binaire, o. binary. 
binitré, a. dimtrated, dinitro. — m. dinitro 

biochimie, /. biochemistry. 
biochimiste, m. biochemist. 
biographe, m. biographer; biograph. 
biographie, /. biography. 
biologie, /. biology. 
biologique, a. biologic(al). 
biologiste, blologue, m. biologist. 
bloxyde, m. dioxide, (formerly) bioxide. 

— d'argent, silver dioxide. 

— d*(uote, nitrogen dioxide. 

— d'étain, tin dioxide, stannic oxide. 
Mpolalre, a. bipolar. 

bipotassé, a. containing two atoms of potas- 
sium, dipotassium. 

biprlmatoe, a. biprimary (said, e.g., of a com- 
pound containing two primary alcohol 

blprlsme, m. biprism. 

bIrefHngent, a. biréfringent. 

bis, a. grayish brown, brown, swarthy. — adv. 
a second time, twice (used with numbers; 
e.g. 10 bis in & series is eqmvalent to 10 A 
or lOj). — inter j. encore! 

blsaccharlde, m. bisaccharide (disaccharide). 

bisage, m. second dyeing. 

bisallle, /. coarse flour; mixture of peas and 

bisannuel, a. biennial. 

bisaaolque, a. disaso. — m. disazo compound 
or dye. 

biscuit, m. biscuit; (Ceram.) biscuit, bisque. 
— o. twice baked, twice burned. 

S blane 

Mscult dé poreektine, biscuit porcelain, blaotdt, 

biflculté, a. (of bread) baked longer than usual. 

bite, p.a. redyed, dyed a second time. 

btoeau, m. bevel; beseL 

biMaatage, m. beveling. 

btoeauter, v.l. bevel. 

bUecondalre, a. bisecondary. Cf. biprimaîie. 

blser, v.t. redye, dye a second time. — 9.%. (of 
grain) darken, deteriorate. 

bismuth, m. bismuth. 

bismuthifère, a. bismuthiferous. 

bismuthlne, /. (Min.) bismuthinite, bismuth- 

bismuthlque, a. bismuthio. 

bismuth-triéfhyle, m. bismuth triethyl, 

bissecter, v.t. bisect. 

bissecteur, a. bisecting. 

bissectlon, /. bisection. 

bissectrice, a. fern, of bissecteur. — /. bisec- 

blssezuel, a. bisexual. 

bistorte, /. (JBot.) bistort. 

bistortler, bistotler, m. a wooden pestle. 

bistre, m. bister, bistre. 

bistrer, v.t. color with bister; brown. . 

bl-subUmé, p.a. twice sublimed, resublimed. 

bisubstitué, a. disubstituted, bisubstituted. 

bisulfite, n. bisulfite, acid sulfite. 

— de soude, sodium bisulfite. 
bisulfltlque, a. of or pertaining to a bisulfiite, 

bis\ilfitic, bisulfite. 
blsulftire, m. disulfide, bisulfide. 
bitartrate, m. bitartrate, add tartrate. 

— de potasse, potassium bitartrate. 
bltertlalre, a. bitertiary. Cf. biprimaire. 
bitter, m. bitters (the liquor, esp. made from 

bitunuige, m. covering with bitimun. 
bitume, m. bitumen. 

— de Judée, Jew's pitch, bitumen of Judea. 
bitumer, v.t. bituminise. 

bitumeux, a. bituminous. 

bitumlner, v.t. bituminise. 

bitumineux, a. bituminous. 

bltumlnlfère, a. bituminiferous. 

bltumlnlsatlon, /. bituminization. 

bitumlnlser, v.t. bituminise. 

bliarre, a. bizarre, fantastic. 

blafard, a. dull, dim, pale. 

blaireau, m. brush (of badger's hair or other 

soft hair) ; badger. 
blftme, m. blame. 
blanc, a. white; blank; clean. — m. white; 

blank space, blank; white heat; white 

man, white boy; white sauce. 

— ancien, — antique, {Glass) white glass with 
a slight bluish green tint, cathedral | ~ 

— d'antimoiru, antimony white. 

y Google 




i èTaroerUt a fine variety of white lead. 

— de baleine^ spermaceti. 

— de baryte, baiyta white. 

— de hiamtUhf bismuth white. 

— de Bongival, a form of whiting. 

— de céraee, white lead, lead white. 

— de Champagne, whiting, whitening. 

— de champitfTum, mushroom spawn. 

— de ehaux, whitewash, coat of whitewash. 

— de Chine, Chinese white. 

— de fard, pearl white (basic bismuth ni- 

— de Hambourg, Hamburg white. 

— de Hollande, Dutch white. 

— de Kreme, Kremnits white, krems white. 

— de lait, mÙky white. 

— de lune, (Metal.) white heat, welding heat. 

— de Meudon, a form of whiting. 

— de Mvlhoiue, lead sulfate. 

— de neige, snow white (sine white). 

— de perle, pearl white (bismuth oxyohloride). 

— de plomb, white lead, lead white. 

— d'Espagne, Spanish white. 

— de Troyee, a form of whiting. 

— de Venise, Venetian white. 

— de tine, sine white. 

— «fora/, egg white, white of egg. 

— fixe, blanc fixe (barium sulfate). 

— mat, dead white, dull white. 

— minéral, whiting, whitening. 
^- permanent, permanent white. 

— aale, dingy white, grayish or yellowish 

— aoudant, welding heat, white heat. 
en — , in white; unpainted; in blank. 

MADCtafttoe» a. whitish. 
Uanetae» a. /em. of blanc. 
Manchet, m. cloth filter; a kind of white wool 

r» /. whiteness. 
, p.a. whitened, etc. (see blanchir). 
bianchliiient, m. whitening, etc. (see blanchir). 

— tkimique, chemical bleaching. 

— naturd, — awr pré, grass bleaching. 
blanchir, v. t. whiten, bleach, blanch; wash; 

dean, polish (metals); refine (cast iron); 
tin; dress, trim, rough-grind, smooth; 
Boald, parboil; wash for; exonerate. — t.i. 
turn white, whiten, bleach, blanch, pale, 
fade; (of hair) turn gray; grase. — e.r. 
turn white, whiten, bleach. 

— à la thaux, whitewash. 
Muichlssage, m. washing, laundering; white- 
washing; refining (of sugar). 

Manchlssant, p.a. whitening, etc. (see blan- 
chir); foaming, foamy, frothy. 

Muiehluerie, /. bleachery; bleaching trade; 
laundry, place where clothes are washed. 

UuichissMir, m. bleacher; launderer. — a. 
bleaching; laundering. 

bbmehlsaease, /em. of blanchisseur. 

bbinchoyer, t.i. have a white reflection. 

bbinc-aoadMit, m. welding heat, white heat. 

bhmkett, m. (Mining) blanket. 

blanldte, /. blankite. 

blanquette, /. blanquette (a kind of kelp or 

crude soda) ; a white sparkling wine of the 

Midi; (Diet.) low wines. 
blé, m. wheat; (with qualifjring words) grain, 

com (including wheat, rye, barley, maise, 

etc.) ; wheat field, grain field. 

— barbu, bearded wheat. 

— comu, ergot. 

— de printemps, spring wheat. 

— de Turquie, maise, (Indian) com. 

— d'hiver, winter wheat. 

— méteU, mixed wheat and rye. 

— noir, buckwheat. 
blende, /. (Min.) blend, blende. 
blendeux, a. blendous, of or containing blend. 
blesser, v. t. wound, hurt, injure; offend. 
blessure, /. wound, hurt, injury; grief. 

blet, a. bletted, over-ripe, half-decayed. 
blettir, v.i. blet, become over-ripe. 
bleu, a. blue. — m. blue; bruise. 

— cMcf^ue, aso blue. 

— arwr, — cHeete, asure, sky blue. 

— camdeum, oeruleimi (greenish blue pig- 

— Coupier, Coupier's blue (induline). 

— d'acier, steel blue. 

— d'alitarine, alisarin blue. 

— d'aniline, aniline blue. 

— d'azur, smalt. 

— de Berlin, Berlin blue. 

— de Brime, Bremen blue. 

— de Chine, Chinese blue. 

— de ciel, sky blue. 

— de cobalt, cobalt blue. 

— de diphinylamine, diphenylamine blue. 

— de gcàlamine, gallamine blue. 

— d^êmail, smalt. 

— de Meldola, Meldola's blue. 

— de méthylène, methylene blue. 

— de montagne, mineral blue (blue copper 

— d'empoia, smalt. 

— de naphtol, naphthol blue. 

— de Nicfuileon, Nicholson's blue. 

— de Nil, NUe blue. 

— de nuit, night blue. 

— de Parie, Paris blue. 

— de phénylène, phenylene blue. 

— de Pruaee, Prussian blue. 

— de réaorcine, resorcin blue. 

— de roi, king's blue. 

— de safre, saffer blue, smalt. 

— de Saxe, Saxon blue. Saxony Mue. 

— de Siorea, Sèvres blue. 

— de toluylène, toluylene blue. 

uigitizea Dy 





blea cTindigo, indigo blue, indigotin. 

— cToiUremer, ultramarine blue. 

— égyptien, Egyptian blue, copper 

— hydrorit hydron blue. 

— lumière, light blue, bleu lumière (the dye); 
bleu lumière (the pigment). 

— minéral, mineral blue. 

— Nil, NUe blue. 

— outremer, ultramarine blue, ultramarine. 

— patenté, patent blue. 

— sombre, dark blue; (Dyes) night blue. 

— turguin, a dark, mat blue. 

— Victoria, Victoria blue. 
bleuâtre, a. bluish. 

bleu-bleu, m. a kind of blue ultramarine. 
bleuir, v.t. blue, make blue. — v.i. turn blue, 

become blue, blue. 
bleulssage, m. bluing. 
bleuissant, of bleuir. 
bleuissement, m. turning blue, bluing. 
bleu-lapis, m. (Olaas) a blue color obtained by 

the use of cobalt oxide. 
bleuté, p.a. tinged with blue, bluish. 
bleuter, v.t. tinge with blue, blue slightly. 
blindage, m. armor, armor plating; casing, 

protection; (MU.) blindage. 
blinder, v.t. armor; case; (MU.) blind. 
bloc, m. block; lump, mass, lot; log. 

— de plAtre, (Bad.) gypsum block. 
en — , in a lump, in the lump. 

blocage, m. stopping, etc. (see bloquer). 

blocus, m. blockade. 

blond, a. light-colored (light yellow or light 
brown, distinguished from blanc, white); 
blond, fair. — m. light color; blond. 

blondeur, /. light color. 

blondir, v.t. turn light-colored, turn light yel- 
low, (of grain) whiten. 

blondoyer, v.i. have a light yeUow reflection. 

bloom, m. (Metal.) bloom. 

bloquer, v.t. stop, arrest, block, lock, jam; 
clamp, fix, set; blockade; enclose (in 
masonry); dub out, fill out (with plaster). 

blouse, /. blouse, frock, smock. 

— de laborcUoire, laboratory coat (esp. a long, 
full overgarment). 

bluette, /. spark, sparkle; flake or scale of 

hot iron. 
bluetter, v.t. spark, sparkle. 
blutage, m. bolting. 
bluter, v.t. bolt (flour, cement, etc.). 
bluterle, /. bolting mill, bolting house. 
blutolr,m.bolter, bolting machine, bolting cloth. 
Bo. Symbol for boron. 
bobèche, /. socket (of a lamp or candlestick) ; 

sconce (of a candlestick); steel edge (on 

a knife or chisel). 
bobinage, m. spooling, winding; wiring, coil. 
bobine, /. bobbin, spool, drum, reel; (Elec.) 

bobbin, coil. 

à réaction, reaotanoe ooil, ohokiiig ooil 

— de dérivation, shunt ooil. 

— de résistance, retâstanoe coil. 

— de Ruhmkorff, Kuhmkorff coil. 

— d'induction, — inductrice, induction coil. 

— induite, secondary coil. 

— primaire, primary coil. 

— secondaire, secondary ooil. 
boblneur, m, winder, spooler. 

bocage, m. scrap (of metals) ; grove, coppice. 

bocal, m. wide-mouthed bottle; any of vali- 
ons wide-mouthed vessels, vase, globe, jar; 

bocard, m. stamp, stamp mill, stamping mill, 

bocardage, m. stamping, crushing. 

bocarder, v.t. stamp, crush (ores, etc.). 

bocaux, pi. of bocal. 

bœuf, m. ox; (pi.) cattle; beef. 

— sale, salt beef, corned beef. 
boghead, m. Boghead coal, boghead. 
boguette, /. buckwheat. 

bohé, m. bohea (a kind of black tea). 

Bohême, n. Bohemia; Bohemian glass. 

Bohémien, a. Bohemian. 

boire, v.t. drink; absorb, drink in, suck up, 
soak up; swallow (an insult). — v.i, 
drink; (oif paper) blot. — m. drink, drink- 
ing; creek, inlet, channel. 
faire — , soak (skins, etc.). 

bols, m. wood; timber. 

— amer, bitterwood, quassia. 

— à ouvrer, timber, lumber. 

— blanc, soft wood (nonresinous). 

— cochon, a balsamaceous tree known as 
Tetragastris panamensis or Hedwigia tel- 

— colorant, dyewood. 

— d'absinthe, quassia. 

— d'acajou, mahogany. 

— d'aigle, eaglewood, agallooh. 

— d'amarante, mahogany. 

— d'aubier, sapwood. 

— débité, wood sawed into planks, boardsb 
etc., timber, lumber. 

— de BresU, brazilwood. 

— de brin, whole timber (not split). 

— de campéche, logwood, campeachy wood; 
(Pharm.) hematoxylon. 

— de charpente, timber, lumber. 

— de chauffage, firewood. 

— de construction, timber, lumber. 

— de fer, ironwood. 

— defer blanc, (Bot.) Sideroxylon einereum or 
its wood. 

— de fil, wood cut with the grain. 

— de frêne, ash wood, ash. 

— de galac, guaiacum wood, lignum vits. 

— de haute futaie, forest timber ; timber forest. 

— de paille, straw board. 

uigiiizea Dy 





bols dé Panama^ soapbark, quillaja bark, 
Panama bark. 

— de qwuaiet quaoBÎa, quaasia wood. 

— de rêgliaM, Ucorice root. 

— de roee, rosewood (the cabinet wood) ; rho- 
dium wood, rosewood (containing a fra- 
grant oil). 

— de aanOf logwood. 

— de aantèd, sandalwood. 

— de eapparit sapan wood (a red dyewood). 

— de eervice, timber, lumbw. 

— deê Uee^ brazilwood (?). 

— deeeéché, dry wood, seasoned wood. 

— de teinture, dyewood. 

— de travail, timber, lumber. 

— d'Inde, logwood. 

— d'eeuvre, timber, lumber. 

— doux, soft wood; cascarilla; licorice root. 

— droit, straight-grained wood. 

— du Bréeil, brasUwood. 

— du centre, heartwood. 

— dur, hard wood, hardwood. 

— durci, artificial wood, wood pulp. 

— fin, fine wood, close-grained wood. 

— gentU, (Phann.) mesereum. 

— gr<u, soft wood. 

— jaune, yellowwood, specif., the wood of 
Morue tindoria. 

— parfait, heartwood. 

— rouge, redwood. 

— eoufré, sulfurated wood. 

— tendre, soft wood. 

— vif, green timber, green wood. 
bol8age» m. woodwork, framing, casing, plank- 

boisé, a. wooded; wainscoted, paneled. 

boiserie» /. wainscoting, paneling. 

bolsem» a. woody, ligneous. 

boisseau» m. the hole or hollow part into 
which the key or plug of a stopcock or tap 
fits, plug hole, shell; a section of earthen- 
ware pipe (specif., without a qualifying 
word, a tile of square cross section as dis- 
tinguished from boisseau rond which is cylin- 
drical); bushel. 

boisson, /. drink, beverage, liquor; specif., 
piquette; drinking,» drunkenness. 

— fenneniée, fermented liquor, fermented 

bolt» pr. S eing. of boire. 
Iboite, /. (of wine, etc.) state of fitness, ma- 
turity, ripeness; piquette. 
botte» /. box; case, chest, canister, etc. 

— à feu, fire box. 

— à fumée, smoke box. 

— à noyau, (Founding) core box. 
•«- à réactifs, reagent box. 

— à soupape, valve chest. 

— à vent, (of a furnace) wind box; (of an 
oigan) wind chest. 

bolte de distribution, (filec.) connecting box» 

— de Petri, Petri dish. 

— de résistance, (Elec.) resistance box. 

— d'origine, original box or case. 

— gainerie, case, box (for keeping instru- 
ments or the like). 

— perdue, a box or case not intended to be 
returned when emptied. 

boitement» m. limping; (Mach.) irreguhu 

bolteui» a. lame, limping. 
boivent» pr. S pi. indie. A subj. of boire. 
bol» m. bole; bolus, large piU; bowl. 
boiaire» a. bolar, bolary. 
bolet» m. (Bot.) boletus. 
BoUrie, /. Bolivia. 
bolivien» a. Bolivian. 
bolonais» a. Bolognese. 
bombage» m. rendering convex, etc. (see b<mh 

bombagiste» m. maker of convex glass. 
bombardement» m. bombardment. 
bombarder» v.t. bombard; shell. 
bombe» /. bomb. 

— éclairante, light ball, illuminating bomb. 

— fumighne, smoke bomb. 

— incendiaire, incendiary bomb. 
bombé» p.a. rendered convex, bulged, convex. 
bombement» m. bulging, convexity. 
bomber, v.t. render convex, caxise to bulge or 

swell out; (Olass) bend to convex form. 
— v.i. bulge, swell out, become convex. 
bombeor» m. one who renders convex. 

— de verre, maker of convex glass. 
bomblste» m. bomb maker. 
bombonne, /. » bonbonne. 

bon» a. good; simple, foolish. — adv. good, 
well. — TO. good; good part, best; com- 
fort; order, check, draft; security, bond, 

à — compte, cheaply. 

à — marché, cheap; cheaply. 

d la bonne heure, very well, good, so be 

— goût, (in the rectification of alcohol) the 
fraction which follows the alcool de cœur and 
is followed by the moyen goût (it includes 
the alcool fin and some alcohol of second 
quality); a superior quality of certain 
other chemicals, e.g. acetic acid. 

— mar<^, cheap. 

bonne premiere, (Soap) a salt lye of 28 • B. 
bonne seconde, (Soap) a salt lye of 26* B. 

— teint, fast dye, fast color; fast. 
de bonne heure, soon, early. 

bonbon, to. bonbon, sweetmeat. 
bonbonne, /. carboy; large bottle suoh as 
those used in distilling nitric acid; oil can. 
bond» m. bound. 

ijigitizea Dy 





bondet /. opening» vent, outlet, inlet, (of a 
cask) bunghole; stopper, bung; sluice. 

— trop-plein, overflow. 

— de rempliaaage, opening for putting in ma- 
terial, diarging hole. 

bonder» v.t. fill very full, cram. 

bondir, v.i. boimd. 

bondon, m. bung, stopper; (less often) bung- 
hole; bondon cheese, bondon. 

bondonner, v.t. bung. 

bonheor, m. good fortune, luck; welfare; suc- 
cess; happiness. 

bonbomme, m. good man; fellow; puppet; 
mullen; bolt, catch. 

boni, m. surplus. 

bonification, /. improvement; allowance, re- 

bonifier, v.t. improve; make up, make good. 
— v.r. improve. 

bonne, a. fem. of bon. — /. (servant) maid. 

bonnement, culv. simply, sincerely; exactly. 

iMmnet, m. cap; end of a window-glass cylin- 
der to which the blowpipe is attached. 

Iionneterie, /. knitted goods, knitting, 

bonnette, /. shade (on certain instruments). 

bonté, /. goodness, kindness. 

iMwaclqne, a. boracic (boric). 

liOTaclte, /. (Afin.) boracite. 

hantet m. borate. 

— de chaux, borate of lime (calcium 

— de soude, borate of soda (sodium borate), 
specif, borax. 

Iioratié, a. borated. 

borax, m. borax. 

Iiord, m. edge, border, margin; rim, brim; bank 

(of a river) ; shore; binding, border; side 

(of a ship or a road). 
Iiordeaax, m. Bordeaux wine, bordeaux; 

iDyea) bordeaux. 
bordelidse, /. a cask for Bordeaux wine, hold- 
ing 225-230 liters; a special bottle for 

Bordeaux wine. 
border, v.t. border, edge, line; sheathe. 
bordereau, m. memorandum, statement. 
bordure, /. border, edging, edge, binding. 
bordure, a. bordered. 
bore, m. boron. 

bore, a. containing boron, of boron. 
boréal, a. north, northern, boreal. 
bore-métbyle, m, boron methyl, boron tri- 

borétiiyle, m. borethyl, boron triethyl. 
borsne, a. one-eyed; (of things) deficient in 

some way. 
boricisme, m. boricism, boric acid poisoning. 
Iiorique, a. boric. 
borique, a. treated with or containing boric 


/. boundary, limit; post (to mark a 
point or limit); landmark; (EUc.) terminal. 

— d'attacfie, (JBlec.) binding post. 
bornéol, m. borneol. 

borner, v.t. limit, confine, restrict; bound. 

iMmylamlne, /. bomylamine. 

bornyle, m. bomyl. 

bornylène, m. bomylene. 

boro-tungstique, a. borotungstic. 

borure, m. boride. 

bossage, m. bossing, boss, swelling. 

bosse, /. bump, boss, protuberance, promi* 

nence, hump; (Art) relief. 
bosseler, v.t. emboss; dent. 
bossuer, v.t. dent. 

botanique, /. botany. — a. botanical. 
botanlquement, adv. botanically. 
botaniste, m. botanist. 
botryolde, a. botryoidal. 
botte, /. bundle, bimch, (of wire) coil, (of yam) 

hank; boot; butt Qarge cask); (Zinc) 

bottillon, m. bunch, small bundle. 
bottine, /. high shoe, half-boot. 
bouc, m. goat, he-goat; goatskin bottle, skin. 
boucJMSe, m. anise. 

boucanage, m. smoking (of meat or fish). 
boucanager, v.t. smoke, cure by smoking. 
boucaut, m. hogshead. 
bouchage, m. stoppering, etc. (see boucher). 

— à l'émeri, making of ground stoppers, stop- 
per grinding- 

bouche, /. mouth; opening, orifice. 

— à feu, gun, cannon. 
bouchement, m. filling, plugging, stopping. 
bouchw, v.t. stopper, stop, stop up, plug, plug 

up, cork, lute, close. — m. butcher. 

— à l'émeri, provide with a ground stopper. 
boucherie, /. butchery; butcher trade. 
bouche-trou, m. stopgap. 

bouchon, m. stopper; plug, stopple, cork, 
tampon, wad, wadding; cap, cover, lid. 

— à deux troua, two-holed stopper. 

— à l'émeri, ground stopper. 

— à via, screw stopper. 

— d'amorce, fuse plug, primer plug. 

— de sûreté, safety plug. 

— de vidange, drip cock. 

— en caoutcfumc, rubber stopper; rubber 

— en liège, cork stopper, cork. 

— en verre, glass stopper. 
bouchon-écrou, m. screw plug. 
bouchonnler, m. maker of, or dealer in, corks 

or stoppers. 
boucle, /. loop, ring, eye; bend (as of a U-tube), 

elbow, turn; buckle; curl (of hair). 
boucler, v.t. buckle; ring; curl (hair). 
bouclier, m. buckler, shield. 
bouder, v.i. pout; sulk; be backward. 

uigiiized Dy '' 






boudin» m. (stuffed) pudding, aauBage; some- 
thing resembling a sausage, as a heUcal 
spring, a fuse, a roUer, a glass bulb, a roll 
of opium, or a cylinder of soap as it issues 
from the Tnilling machine. 

boudlnage, m. (Soap) pressing (of toilet soap) 
into a homogeneous cylinder. 

boadlne, /. {OUuablotnng) bull's-eye. 

boudlneuse, /. a machine for pressing toilet 
soap into cylinders. 

boue» /. mud; slime; mire, dirt; pus. 

bouée, /. buoy. 

boueux, a. muddy; slimy; foul, dirty, 
e, /. puff; whiff, breath; outburst. 
r, v.i. puÎBf, puff out, bulge; (of bread) 

bouffi, p.a. puffed, puffy, swollen, bloated. 

bouffir, v.t. et i. puff up, puff out, bloat. 

bouge, m. bulge, swell, convexity; closet. 

bouger, v.i. budge, stir. 

bougie, /. candle, taper (esp., a candle made 
from wax or fatty acids, in distinction from 
chandelle); cylindrical or candle-shaped 
filter (esp. one for sterilizing liquids), 
filter candle; (Med.) bougie; (Mach.) 
spark plug. 

— Berkefeld, Berkefeld filter. 

— Chamberland, Chamberland filter. 

— décimale, decimal candle, bougie décimale. 

— de cire, wax candle. 

— de stéarine, stearin candle (made of stearic 

— d'oribus, resin torch. 

— électrique, electric-light carbon. 

— normale, standard candle. 

— atéariqite, = bougie de stéarine. 
bougie-heure, /. candle-hour. 
bougnn, m. buckram. 
bouHlage, m. boiling. 

boulUalson, /. fermentation (of beer, cider, 

bouillait, imp. S aing. of bouillir. 
bouillant, p.a. boiling; scalding hot. 
bouillent, pr. s pi. indie, db subj. of bouillir. 
bouiUerie, /. distillery. 
bouilleur, m. distiller; still; boiler; boiler 

tube; heater (of a boiler). 

— d'eaU'ile-vie, brandy distiller or (in general) 

— de cru, one who distils only from certain 
fruits of his own raising, such as grapes, 
apples, pears, plums. 

— de profeasion, a distiller who uses material 
raised by others, or materials not allowed 
the bouHleur de cru, such as peaches, apri- 
cots, potatoes, sugar beets, cereals. 

— d'oa, bone boiler. 

bouilli, p.a. boiled. — m. boiled meat. 
bouHlle, /. pap, gruel, thickened milk; hence, 
paste, mash, pulp; (Paper) pulp. 

hordeiaiae, Bordeaux miztura. 

— bourguignonne. Burgundy mixture. 
bouillir, v.i. & t. boiL 

bouilloire, /. vessel for boiling water, boiler, 

bouillon, m. bubble (in a hot liquid or in the 

solid formed by cooling it), bleb; bubbling; 

broth, stock; ripple, wave; (Agric.) liquid 

manure; (fflaaa) an air bubble formed in 

gathering the molten glass. 

— Uanc, (Bot.) mullein. 
bouillonnement, m. bubbling, effervescence. 
bouillonner, v.i. bubble, bubble up, effervesce; 

gush out, gush forth. 
boutUonneux, a. containing bubbles, blebby.* 
bouillotte, /. boiler, kettle. 
boutUotter, v.i. boil gently, simmer. 
boulage, m. (Sugar) the expressing of sugar 

beets; also, the expressed beets. 
boulange, /. imbolted flour. 
boulanger, m. baker. — v.t. bake (bread). 
boulangerie, /. baking; bakery, bakeshop. 
boule,/, ball; bulb. 

— à gaz, gas connection (having a ball-shaped 
part to which one or more stopcocks are 

— à robineta, a ball-«haped connection (for 
gas or the like) to which stopcocks are at- 
tached, stopcock fixture. 

— à teinture, dye ball. 

— blanche, white ball, specif, a ball of whit- 

— de bleu, blue ball, ball of bluing. 

— de noir, ball of black pigment or djre, 
black ball. 

— de verre, glass bulb. 

boules deader, bouUa de Mara, boulea de 
Nancy, (Pharm.) balls of iron and potas- 
sium tartrate. 

bouleau, m. birch, birch tree, birch wood. 

boulée, /. cracklings of tallow, greaves. 

bouler, v.i. swell, puff out, (of bread) rise; roll 
like a ball. 

boulet, m. ball; specif., cannon ball. 

boulette, /. small ball, pellet. 

bouleur, m. maker of glass bulbs or globes. 

bouleTersement, m. overthrow; commotion; 

bouleverser, v.t. overturn, upset, unsettle, 
throw into confusion, demolic3i. 

bouloir, m. stirrer, beater. 

i>oulon, m. bolt, pin. 

— à bout percé, eyebolt. 

— à davette, keyed bolt. 

— à écrou, screw bolt, bolt and nut. 

— à goupille, pinned bolt. 

— à ceillet, eyebolt. 

— à oreillea, wing bolt, fly bolt. 

— d via, screw bolt. 

— taraudé, threaded bolt, serew boit. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





bouloiiiier, vA. boit. 

bouquet, m. bunoh, duster, clump, tuft, wisp; 

bourdaine, /. (Bot.) alder buckthorn {Rhamr 
nu8 frangvla) . 

bourde, /. poorest quality of Spanish soda. 

bourdonner, vA. hum, busz, murmur. 

bourg, m. market town. 

bourgade, /. small town. 

bourgène, /. «- bourdaine. 

bourgeois, a. private; plain (and good); civil- 
ian; middle-class, bourgeois. 

bourgeon, m. bud; shoot; (p2.) long-staple 

bourgeonnement, m. budding. 

bourgeonner, v.%. bud. 

Bourgogne, /. Burgundy. 

bourgogne, m. Burgimdy wine, burgundy. 

bourguignon, a. Biurgundian, Burgimdy. 

bourlet, m. » bourre)»t. 

bourrache, /. borage {Borago officinalitt) ; any 
plant of the genus Borago. 

bourrage, m. (Mining) tamping. 

bourre, /. (a fibrous mass or material) wad, 
wadding, stuffing, padding, pad, plug: 
short hair; down; tag wool; floes; silk 
waste; trash, refuse; (Mining) tamping. 

bourré, p.a. packed, etc. (see bourrer). 

bourrelé, p. a. flanged; tormented. 

bourrelet, m. padding, -pad; swelling; flange. 

bourrer, v.t. pack, wad, stuff, pad, tamp, ram. 

bourroir, m. tamper. 

II, a. (of wine) unfermented; rough; 

, /. purse; pouch, bag; stock exchange. 

— à pcuAeur, (Bot.) shepherd's piurse (Bursa 

boursouflé, p.a. swollen, swelled, inflated. 

boursouflement, m. swelling, expansion, in- 
flation; blister, bleb, bubble (in metals, 

boursoufler, v.<., r. & i. swell, expand, puff up, 

boursouflure, /. swelling, swell. 

bousage, m. (Calico) dunging. 

bouse, /. ox dung, cow dung. 

boussole, /. compass; galvanometer. 

— de« ainus, sine galvanometer. 

— den tangentea, tangent galvanometer. 

— iUetriçpM, galvanometer. 

bout, m. end; extremity, tip; bit. — pr. S 

aing. of bouillir. 
boute, /. hogshead; barrel; tub. 
bontefeu, m. (^xpl.) igniter. 
bonteine, /. bottle; (for compressed gases) 
cylinder; any of various elongated vessels; 
— - de Levde, Leyden jar. 
-— de Msofi, soap bubble. 

ir, v.%. (Olaêe) become full of bubA>le8. 

bouter, v.i. (of liquids) become thick or ropy. 
boutique, /. shop, store; stock, outfit. 
bouton, m. button; knob, stud, lug, handle; 
plug; bud; pimple, pustxile. 

— de bielle, crank pin. 

— de commutateur, (JBUc.) switch plug. 

— de sonnerie, push button. 
boutonner, v.t. button. — v.i. bud; button. 
bouture, /. slip, cutting; sucker, shoot. 
bovln, a. bovine, pertaining to cattle. 
boyau, m. intestine, gut; hoe», (flexible) tub- 
ing; catgut; narrow passage. 

boyauderle, /. gut works. 

bracelet, m. circular band, ring; bracelet. 

bractée, /. (JBot.) bract. 

bnd, m. pitch; tar; rosin. 

— graa, soft pitch, moist pitch (e.g., the 
residue left when coal tar is distilled to 
not over 200 •). 

— liquide, tar. 

— see, haid pitch, dry pitch (e.g., the residue 
left when coal tar distillation is pushed aa 
far as is practicable). 

braise, /. wood coals (either glowing or not), 
embers, bed of coals; overbumed, friable 
charcoal, breeze; braised meat. 

— chimique, tinderbox paste. 
bran, m. bran; sawdust. 

brancard, m. handbarrow; litter, stretcher. 

branche, /. branch; arm, division, subdivision, 
etc. ; (of a tripod) leg. 

branchement, m. branching; branch tube or 

brancher, v.t. branch; connect (tubes, wires). 

branchette, /. small branch, branchlet. 

branderle, /. brandy distillery. 

brandevln, m. brandy (made from wine) 

brandevlnler, m. brandy distiller or çeller. 

branle, m. swing, swinging; motion, impulse. 

branler, v.t. swing; shake (the head). — v.i, 
swing, shake, sway, move. 

braulolre, m. handle, lever (of a bellows), rock- 
staff; seesaw. 

braquer, v.t. point, direct, turn, fix (in a cer- 
tain direction). 

bras, V». arm; handle; (Mach.) lever, rod, bolt, 
etc.; brace; hand. 
à — , by hand, hand-. 

brasage, m. bracing, hard-soldering. 

brase, /. wood coals (see braise). 

brasement, m. = brasage. 

braser, v.t. braze, solder with hard solder. 

brasier, m. fire of wood coals; brazier. 

braslller, v.i. shine, sparkle. 

brasque, /. (Metal.) brasque, lining (as a paste 
of powdered charcoal and clay). 

brasquer, v.t. brasque, line with brasque. 

brassage, m. mixing, etc. (see brasser). 

brasser, v.t. mix, stir, stir up, rabble, puddle; 
mash (malt, etc.); brew (beer, etc.). 





bnmerte» /. brewery; beer shop, café. 
brmsseur» m. brewer; mixer, rabbler, puddler. 

— mécanique^ mechanical stirrer (or rabbler 
or puddler). 

bnssliit in. mash tub, mash vat; quantity 
brewed at one time, brewing; quantity of 
soap boiled at one time, boiling; the proc- 
ess of making soft soap. 

brmsure, /. brazing; brazed joint or seam. 

bramilte, /. (Aftn.) braunite. 

iMUTe» a. brave, gallant, fine, worthy, kind. 

braye» /. puddle (moist clay used for lining). 

brayer, v.t. pitch, tar. 

brebis» /. ewe, (female) sheep. 

brecclolatre, a. brecciated. 

toèche» /. gap, breach, hole, notch (in an edge) ; 
(Oed.) breccia. 

bref» a. brief, short. — adv. in short, in brief. 
en — , in brief. 

Brème, n. Bremen. 

BrésO, m. Brazil. 

bréirtl, m. brazilwood, brazil. 

brésilien, a. Brazilian. 

brésiline, /. brasilin. 

Iwësllier, v.t. dye red (with brazilwood) ; shat- 
ter, shiver. — v.i. fall to powder. 

teésillet, m. braziletto, brasiletto. 

brésUleur, m. brazilwood dyer. 

Bretagne, /. Brittany. 

bretelle, /. strap, sling; brace, suspender. 

breton, a. Breton, of Brittany. 

bretté, a. toothed, jagged. 

Iweuvase, m. beverage, drink; draft; drench. 

brèTe, a. fem. of bref. 

brevet, m. patent; certificate; diploma; com- 
mission; iDyeing) a decoction of bran and 

— de corps, a patent obtained on a chemical 
compound or other substance. 

— de perfecttonnement, patent for improve- 
ment (of an invention). 

— d* importation, patent for importation. 

— d'inverUion, patent for an invention. 
brevetable, a. patentable. 

brevetage, m. (Alum) addition of potassium 

breveté, p.a. patented, etc. (see breveter). 

— m. patentee. 

— S.O.D.O., patented without guarantee by 
the government (the regular label on pat- 
ented articles). 

breveter, v.t. patent; grant a patent (or cer- 
tificate) to. 

bréYlum, m. brevium, thorium Xt. 

bride, /. clamp, cramp; strap, stay, band; 
flange; bridle; rein, reins. 

brider, v.t. bridle, check, restrain. 

brie, m. Brie cheese. 

brier, v.t. knead. 

Iirlèvement, adv. briefly; soon, shortly. 

brièveté, /. brevity. 

brigade, /. gang, party, body, band; brigada 

brigadier, m. foreman; corporal. 

brillament, adv. brilliantly. 

brillant, a. brilliant. — m. brilliancy; polish; 

bright work. 
brillanter, v.t. cut as a brilliant; honor. 
brillement, m. brilliancy, luster. 
briller, v.i. shine; be bright, be brilliant. 
brin, m. bit, small piece; strand; staple, fibe^- 

(of wool, etc.); blade, shoot, sprig, twig. 
brinasse, /. hemp combings, inferior tow. 
brindiUe, /. slender branch, branchlet. 
briqne, /. brick; (of soap) bar. 

— blancfie, fire brick; white brick. 

— creuse, hollow brick. 

— crue, unbumt brick. 

— de liège, cork brick. 

— de parement, face brick, facing brick. 

— de scories, slag brick; slag stone. 

— émaiUée, enameled brick, glazed brick. 

— twUandaise, Dutch brick, Dutch clinker. 

— pHée, brick dust. 

— réfractaire, fire brick. 

— vernissée, glazed brick. 

— vitrifiée, vitrified brick. 

briquet, m. steel (for striking fire) ; tinder box. 

— chimique, chemical tinderbox, automatic 

briquetage, m. brickwork. 

briqueté, p.a. bricked; made of bricks; brick- 
colored, (Med.) lateritious; imitating 

briqueter, v.t. brick. 

briqueterie, /. brickmaking; brick factory; 
match factory. 

briqneteur, m. bricklayer. 

briqnetler, m. brick maker (or seller) ; match 
maker (or seller); bricklayer. 

brlqaetier-ftimlste, m. brick-chimney builder. 

briquettage, m. briquetting. 

briquette, /. briquette, briquet. 

— de poussier, coal-dust briquette. 

— de tourbe, turf briquette, turf cake. 
bris, m. breaking, shattering, smashing. 
brisant, p.a. breaking, etc. (see briser); (of 

explosives) shattering, disruptive, sudden, 

brisé, p.a. broken, etc. (see briser); jointed, 

brise-clrcult, brise-oourant, m. circmt 

brise-Jet, m. an attachment to a tap for lessen- 
ing the force of the stream. 
brisement, m. breaking, etc. (see briser). 
briser, v. t. break; shatter, smash; break off, 

interrupt; weary, wear out. — v.i. break. 

— v.r. break; (of light) be refracted; 

bristol, m. Bristol board, bristol. 

ijigiiizea Dy \.jkj 





Msure, /. break; crack, flaw; broken part; 

folding joint. 
brlttanlque, a. British. 
brocatelle, /. brocatel, brocatelle. 
broche, /. spindle; broach (in various senses), 

spike, peg, pin; spigot.' 
broché, p.a. (of books) stitched only, in paper 

binding; (of fabrics) figured. 
brochette, /. pin, peg; skewer. 
brochure, /. stitching (of books); brochure, 

pamphlet; inwoven pattern. 
broder, v.t. embroider. 
broderie, /. embroidery; insignia. 
brole, pr. S sing, of broyer. 
broiement, brotment, m. = broyage. 
bromacétlque, a. bromoacetic, bromacetic. 
bromal, m. bromal. 

bromalirarlne, /. bromoalizarin, bromalizarin. 
bromate, m. bromate. 
brome, m. bromine; (Bot.) brome grass. 
brome, p.a. brominated, containing bromine, 

bromer, v.t. brominate. 
bromhydrate, m. hydrobromide. 
bromhydrine, /. bromohydrin, bromhydrin. 
bromhydrlque, a. hydrobromio. 
bromique, a. bromic. 
bromo-aurate, m. bromaurate. 
bromo-aurlque, a. bromauric. 
bromoforme, m. bromoform. 
bromo-loduré, a. treated with or containing 

bromide and iodide. 
bromonltré, a. bromonitro. 
bromuratlon, /. bromination. 
bromure, m. bromide. 

— de calcium, — de chaux, calcium bromide. 

— de fer, iron bromide, specif, (esp. in 
Pharm.) ferrous bromide. 

— de magnésie, magnesium bromide. 

— de méthyle, methyl bromide, bromo- 

— d'éthyU, ethyl bromide, bromoethane. 

— ferreux, ferrous bromide. 

bromure, a. brominated; containing bromine. 

bronche, /. (Anal.) bronchus, bronchial tube. 

broncher, v.i. stumble, trip, falter. 

bronchique, a. bronchial. 

bronchite, /. bronchitis. 

bronzage, m. bronzing; browning (of steel). 

bronze, m. bronze. 

— à canon, gun metal. 

— aciéré, steely bronze. 

— à cloches, bell metal. 

— au manganèse, manganese bronze. 

— d*aluminium, aluminium bronze. 

— de nickel, nickel bronze. 

— des monnaies, coin bronze. 

— dur, — durci, hard bronze, hardened 

— en poudre, bronze powder. 

bronze moulu, bronze powder. 

— naturel, common bronze. 

— phosphoreux, phosphor bronze. 

— sUiceux, silicon bronze. 

bronzé, p.a. bronzed; browned; bronze, broncy. 

bronze-acler, m. steel bronze. 

bronzer, v.t. bronze; brown (iron or steel). 

broquette, /. tack. 

brossage, m. brushing. 

brosse, /. brush. 

— dou^, soft brush. 

— en fU de métal, wire brush. 

— passe-partout, small dusting brush. 

— rude, stiff brush. 
brosser, v.t. brush. 

brosserie, /. brushmaking; brush factory. 

brossler, m. brush maker. 

brossure, /. (Leather) color brushed on. 

brou, m. hull, husk (of a nut, specif, walnut). 

brouet, m. gruel, porridge, broth. 

brouette, /. wheelbarrow. 

brouettée, /. barrowful, wheelbarrow load. 

brouetter, v.t. wheel in a barrow. 

brouetteur, brouettler, m. barrowman. 

broul, m. blowpipe (of an enameler). -^.4. 

broulUard, m. fog, mist. 

broulllement, m. mixing, etc. (see brouiller), 

brouiller, v.t. mix, mix up, mingle, jumble, 
confuse, beat (eggs), embroil. — v.i. blun- 
der, bungle, make trouble. 

broulllerle, /. discord, quarrel, trouble. 

broussallle, /. brushwood, underbrush. 

brouter, v.i. browse; (of tools) cut unevenly. 

broutUle, /. small twigs or shoots; trifle. 

brownien, a. Brownian. 

broyage, m. grinding, etc. (see broyer). 

broyé, p.a. ground, etc. (see broyer). 

broyement, m. grinding, etc. (see broyer). 

broyer, v.t. grind, pulverize, powder, crush, 
poimd, bray, bruise, break. 

broyeur, m. grinder, etc. (see broyer). 

— â boulets, ball grinder, ball mill. 

— ' pulvérisateur, crusher and pulverizer. 

broyeuse, /. grinder, etc. (see broyer). 

broyeuse-mélangeuse, /. grinder and mixer. 

broyeuse-sécheuse, /. grinder and drier. 

bruceUes, (spring) forceps, (spring) pin- 

brudne, /. brucine. 

bruire, v.i. make noise, rustle, rattle, hum, etc. 

bruissant, p.a, noisy, roaring, humming, 

bruissement, m. noise: rumbUng, humming, 
rattling, etc. 

bruit, m. noise; sound; rumor; reputation* 
— p.p. & pr. S sing, of bruire. 

brûlable, a. burnable. 

brûlage, m. burning (specif, of weeds, bruah, 
etc.) ; hole in a furnace fire. 

uigiiizea Dy \.jkj 





brûlant» p.a. burning, etc. (see brûler). 
brûlé, p.a. burned, burnt, etc. (see brûler). 

— m. bum; burning. 
brûlement» m. burning. 

brûler, v.t. bum; roast; distill (wine, etc.). 

— v.t. bum. — «.r. bum oneself ; be burnt. 

— en dedans, (of a burner) bum at the base. 
brûlerie, /. distilling; distillery, esp. brandy 

brûleur, m. burner; heater; distiller (esp. of 
brandy); roaster (as of co£Fee). 

— à gaZf gas burner. 

— ambulant, traveling distiUer. 

— à pétrole, oil burner, petroleum burner. 

— de Bunsen, Bunsen burner. 

— d'os, bone calciner. 

— électrique, electric heater. 

brûlot, m. burnt brandy; half-burned charcoal. 
brûlure, /. bum; scald; burning; iAgric.) 

brume, /. thick fog or mist. 
brumeux, a., foggy, misty. 
brun, a. dt m. brown. 

— <icide, acid brown. 

— Bismarck, Bismarck brown. 

— châtain, chestnut brown, chestnut. 

— clair, light brown. 

— de Bruxelles, Brussels brown (a pigment 
made by charring bone). 

— de momie, mummy brown. 

— de montagne, umber. 

— de Prusse, Prussian brown. 

— foncé, dark brown. 

— marron, chestnut brown, chestnut, maroon. 

— rouge, brown ocher. 

— Van Dyck, Vandyke brown. 
brunfttre, a. brownish. 

brune, a. fem. of brun. — /. dusk. 

brunl, m. burnish, polish. — p.a, browned, 
etc. (see brunir). 

brunir, v.t. brown; burnish, polish. — t.i. 
brown, turn brown. 

brunis, m. burnish, polish. 

brunissage, m. burnishing; browning. 

brunissement, m. browning; burnishing. 

brunlsseur, m. burnisher (person). 

brunissoir, m. burnisher (tool). 

brunlssore, /. browning; burnishing, polishing. 

brun-mat, a. dull brown, mat brown. 

brun-roullle, a. rusty brown, rust-colored. 

brusque, a. sudden, abrupt; brusque, blunt. 

brusquement, adv. suddenly, abruptly; 

brut, a. crude; raw; gross; rough, unpolished, 
uncut, unfinished, etc.; (of land) unculti- 
vated; inorganic; brute, brutish; un- 

— de coulée, — de fonte, rough-cast; as cast. 
Bruxelles, n. Brussels. 

bmyanty p.a. noisy, rattling, humming, etc. 

bruyère, /. heath, heather; heath, moor. 

bryone, /. (Bot.) biyony. 

bryonlne, /. bryonin. 

bu, p.p. of boire. 

buandler, m. bleacher; launderer. 

bube, /. pimple. 

bui>on, m. (Med.) bubo. 

bubonique, a. bubonic. 

bucall, m., bucaille, /. buckwheat. 

buceo, n. (Pharm.) buchu. 

bûche, /. (of wood) billet, stick, log, block; (of 
coal) Ixmip; (Wiredrawing) block. 

bûcher, v.t. hew, cut. — m. woodhouse, wood- 
shed; woodpile. 

bûchette, /. small stick (of wood). 

bûchllles, borings, 

buée, /. damp vapor, moisture; (formerly) lye. 

buer, v.i. give o£F vapor, steam, reek. 

buffle, m. buffalo; bufif (leather) ; bufif stick. 

buffleterle, /. the chamois process applied to 
ox hide, also the leather so produced, and 
articles made of it. 

buglosse, /. (Bot.) bugloss (Anchusa), esp. 
A. italica (in English A. o^Mnalis is the 
one most often referred to). 

buls, m. (Bot.) box, boxwood, box tree. 

buisson, m. bush; thicket. 

bulbe, m. dt f. bulb. 

— de colchique, — de safran bâtard, (Pharm.) 
colchicum corm. 

bulbeux, a. bulbous, bulbose. 

bulle, /. bubble; blister, bleb, vesicle; droplet, 

drop; bulla; bull (edict). 
bulletin, m. bulletin, report, notice; ticket; 


— d'essai, assay report, report of analysis. 
Bull, assoc. chlm. sucr. dlst., abbrev. Bulle- 
tin de l'Association des Chimistes de 
Sucrerie et de Distillerie. 

Bull. sel. Pharmacol., abbreo. Bulletin des 
Sciences pharmacologiques. 

Bull. soc. chlm., abbrev. Bulletin de la Société 
chimique de France. 

Bull. soc. encour. Ind. nat., àbbrev. Bulletin 
de la Société d'Encouragement pour l'In- 
dustrie nationale. 

bulleux, a. vesicular. 

bureau, m. office; table, desk, counter; 
bureau; officers of an organization. 

burent, p.def. S pi. of boire. 

burette, /. burette, buret; cruet; (Maeh.) oil 
can, oiler. 

— à huiU, oil can, oiler. 

— anglaise. Sink's burette (having the bot- 
tom closed and the tip branching off just 
below the top). 

— à pince, burette with pinchcock (Mohr 

— à robinet, burette with stopcock (Geissler 

uigitized Dy 





burette de Mahr^ Mohr burette (pinohoock 

barges, m. (Ceram.) a kind of gold luster. 

btuinage, m, engraving, graving, cutting (of 
metal); specif., (Metal.) cutting out of 
cracks from ingots. 

buriner, v.t. engrave, etc. (see bminage). 

base, /. nozsle (as of a blowpipe or bellows); 
blast pipe (of a furnace); twyer; pipe, 
ventilating pipe; channel; buszard. 
— de soufflet, blast pipe. 

bossent, imp. S pi. svbj. of boire. 

bnsserole, /. (Bot.) red bearberry (Arctoata- 
phyloe uva-urtâ). 

but, m. object, purpose, aim, end, goal; butt. 
— p.def. 8 sing, of boire. 

butalanlne, /. butalanine. 

buté, p.a. fixed, determined; butted. 

butée, /. fixed piece, lug, stop, shoulder, sup- 
port; abutment; striking, tapping. 

buter, v.%. aim (at) ; hit the mark. — t .f. butt; 

oppose; buttress. 
butte, /. small hill, hillock, knoll. 
buttotr, butteur, m. (Mach.) catch, stop, prcK 

jection, stud, tappet, driver, dog. 
butyle, m. butyl. 
butylène, m. butylène. 
butylénlQoe, a. butylène, of butylène. 
butyllQue, a. butyl. 
butyracé, a. butyraoeous. 
butyrate, m. butyrate. 
butyreux, a. of butter, buttery, butjo^ceous. 
butyrlne, /. butyrin. 
butyrique, a. butyric. 
butyroamyllQue, a. In the phrase éther hutu' 

roamylique, amyl butyrate. 
butyromètre, m. butyrometer. 
buvable, a. drinkable, fit to drink. 
buvant, of boire. 
buvard, a. (of paper) blotting, bibulous, absorb' 

ent. — m. blotter. 

Digitized by 


C, àbbrev. (œntimdtre) oentimeter. 

e', f*, abbrev. of ce. 

C.A*» abbrev. (coefficient d'abaissement) coeffi- 
cient of (freesing-point) lowering. 

$a, pron. Abbreviated form of cela. 

^ adv. here. 

cftbftlUn, a. caballine. 

cabestui, m. capstan, winch. 

cabinet, m. cabinet; closet; study; office; 

cftble» m. cable, rope. 

— de fy-anamission, power cable. 

— double, (Elec.) two-wire cable. 

— métallique, wire cable, wire rope. 

— aoue-marin, submarine cable. 
cftbler, v.t. lay up, twist into a cable; cable. 
cabochon, m. {Jewelry) cabochon. 
cabrlllon, m. goat's-milk cheese. 
cabron, m. kid skin; burnishing tool. 
cacao, m. cacao; cocoa. 

— ec^ubU, soluble cocoa. 
cacaotier, -tière. « cacaoyer, -yère. 
cacaoyer, m. cacao tree (Theobroma cacao). 
cacaoyère, /. cacao plantation. 
cachalot, m. sperm whale, cachalot. 
caché, p.a. hidden, imseen, secret. 
ca^emlre, m. ca^mere. 
Cachemire, n. Kashmir, Cashmere. 
cacher, v.t. hide, conceal, secrete. 

cachet, m seal; stamp; ticket; (Pharm.) 

— de pain, (Pharm.) cachet (wafw of un- 
leavened bread). 

cacheter, v.t. seal. 

cacheteur, m. sealer. — a. sealing. 

cachexie, /. (Med.) cachexia. 

eachlboa, m. cachibou (resin). 

eactaoiong, m. (Min.) cacholong. 

cachon, m. (OUua) a box in which blowpipes 

are kept. 
cachou, m. catechu. 

— de Laval, (Dyes) cachou de Laval. 
eachontannlque, a. catechutannic. 
eachonter, v.t. dye or treat with catechu. 
caeodylate, m. caoodylate. 

cacodyle, m. cacodyl. 
caoodyllqne, a. cacodylic 
caoothéllne, /. cacotheline. 
eactacée, cactée, /. cactus (any plant of the 
family Cactaceae). 

cactlo*, cactus, m. cactus (plant of the geniu 

c-à-d., abbrev. (c'est-à-dire) that is to say, 
that is, i.e. 

cadavérlne, /. cadaverine. 

cadavérique, a. cadaveric. 

cadavre, m. cadaver, corpse. 

cade, m. (Bot.) cade (Juniperua oxycedma). 

cadeau, m. present, gift. 

cadence, /. cadence, 
en — , in cadence; at the same time. 

eadet, o. younger, youngest, junior. — m. 
younger brother, younger son, junior; 

cadette, /. hewn paving stone; younger daugh- 
ter (or sister). 

cadetter, v.t. pave with hewn stones. 

Cadix, n. Cadiz. 

cadmle, /. cadmia. 

cadmlque, a. of or containing cadmium, oad- 

cadmium, m. cadmium. 

cadran, m. dial, face; (Mach.) index plate. 

— indicateur, indicating dial. 

cadre, m. frame, border; framework; outline, 
plan, arrangement; compass, limits; (Mil.) 
skeleton organization. 

cadrer, v.i. agree, tally, harmonise, suit. 

caduc, a. decaying, falling, declining; null, 
void; (JBot.) caducous. 

cœslum, m. cesium, ccesium. 

café, m. coffee. 

— au lait, coffee and milk, or the light brown 
color of this. 

— de grairu, cereal coffee. 

— de Moka, Mocha coffee. 

— du Soudan, kola nuts. 

— en grains, whole coSee. 

— en poudre, ground coffee. 

— torréfié, roasted coffee. 

— vert, green coffee, unroasted coffee. 
caféier, m. coffee tree. 

cafélère, /. coffee plantation. 
caféine, /. caffeine. 
cafélque, a. caffeic. 
cafêone, /. caffeone. 
cafétannlque, a. caffetannic. 
caffÛt, m. scrap iron, old iron. 
caller, m. coffee tree. 
cafllque, a. caffeic. 


Digitized by 


cage 50 

MCe»/.oa8et casing; frame, framework; cage. 
Mthler, m. blank book, record book, notebook, 
account book, etc.; specifications. 

— d'analyse, analytical notebook. 

— de chargea, specifications. 
Cfthot» m. jolt, jolting; obstacle. 
«mhoter, v.t db t. jolt. 

ealeu,m. (Boe.) ofiFsetbulb; (of garlic) clove. 
cmille, /. quail. 
eaillé, p.a. coagulated, curdled, clotted. — m. 

curd, curds, coagulated part of milk. 
cftlllebottage, m. curdling, clotting. 
eaillebotte» /. curdled milk; curd, curds. 
cmlllebotté, p.a. curdled, clotted; curdy. 
cftiUebotter, v.t as r. curdle, clot. 
Cftllle-lalt» m. (fiot.) cheese rennet, bedstraw 

(Oalium, esp. yellow bedstraw, O. verum, 

called a^ caiile-laU jaune). 
eaillement, m. coagulation, curdling, clotting. 
cftillw, v.t. à: i. coagulate, curdle, clot. 
catUette, /. rennet. 
CAillot, m. coagulum, curd, clot. 
«dllou, m. pebble; flint, flint stone. 

— roidé, rolled pebble. 
eailloutage, m. (Ceram.) flintware; pebble 

eaillouteiix, a. pebbly; flinty. 
calOoutts» m. road metal, macadam. 
cftUloux, pi. of caillou. 
caln^a» /. (Pharm.) cahinca root, cahinca. 
Cftire» m. coir (coconut fiber). 
calsfe»/. case, box, chest; (for liquids) tank; 

safe; bank, cashier's office; cash; fund; 

shell (of a drum or a pulley) ; body (of a car, 

etc.); drum. 

— à daire^voie, crate. 

— à eau, water tank. 

— à feu, fire box. 

— à oiUUa, tool chest, tool box. 

— de cémentation, cementation box. 

— de réaietance, (Elec.) resistance box. 

— en fonte, cast-iron box or tank. 
adeput, cajepatler, m. (Bot.) cajuput, caje- 


caI, m. calloeity, callus. 

calas®, m. leveling, etc. (see caler). 

calambac, calambart, calambour, m. Agal- 
loch wood. 

calament, m. (Bot.) calamint. 

calamlnalre» a. In the phrase pierre calami- 
naire, lapis calaminaris, calamine. 

calamine, /. (Min.) calamine. 

calamité, /. calamity. 

calamlteax, a. calamitous. 

calandrage, m. calendering. 

calandre, /. calender; (Sugar) the upper divi- 
sion of one of the cylindrical units of a mul- 
tiple-effect evaporator. 

calandrer, v.t. calender. 

calandreur, m. calenderer. 


calant, p.a. leveling, etc. (see caler). 
calcaire, a. calcareous, or containing lime. 
— m. limestone. 

— carbonifère. Carboniferous limestone. 

— coquiUier, shell limestone. 

— hydratdique, hydraulic limestone. 
calcarelle, /. a kind of kiln for extracting sulfur. 
calcarlfère, a. calciferous. 
calcarone, m. calcarone (large sulfur kiln). 
calcédoine, /. chalcedony. 
calcédonleiu, a. chalcedonic. 
caldfère, a. calciferous. 
calcUlthe, /. compact limestone. 
caldnable, a. calcinable. 
calclnHFe, m. calcination, calcining. 
calcination, /. calcination. 
caldne, /. calcine (calcined product) ; (Enam^ 

ding) a powder containing lead and tin 
oxides Gcad stannate) in varying propor- 
tions; (Soda) the strongly heated second 
hearth of a furnace for converting sodium 
chloride into sodium sulfate. 

caldnw, v.t. calcine, bum (as lime). 

caldnnre, n. (Olaaa) minute surface crack. 

caldque, a. of or containing calcium ot lime; 
as, chlorure oalcique, calcium chloride. 

calclte, /. (Min.) calcite. 

caldum, m. calcium. 

calcul, m. calculus; calculation; arithmetic. 

— différentiel, differential calculus. 
calculant, p.a. calculating. 
calculateur, m. calculator. — a. calculating. 
calculatoire, a. calculatory, calculating. 
calculer, v.t. A i. calculate. — v.r. be cal- 

calculeux, a. (Med.) calculous, calculary. 

cale, /. (a piece to level, steady or support an 
object), chock, block, wedge, key, quoin, 
prop; hold (of a ship) ; cove. 

calé, p.a. leveled, etc. (see caler). 

calebasse, /. calabash. 

caleçon, m. (pair of) drawers. 

calédonien, a. Caledonian, Scotch; of or per- 
taining to New Caledonia (as, mineraia calé' 

calendrier, m. calendar. 

calepin, m. memorandum book, notebook. 

caler, v.t. level, set, adjust, support, chock, 
prop, wedge, key; lower (a sail); (of a 
boat) draw. — v.i. jam, stick. 

calfater, v.t. calk, caulk. 

calfeutrer, v.t. stop up the chinks of, make 
tight, close, stuff. 

calibrage, m. calibration, gaging. 

calibre, m. caliber; caliper, gage; template; 
mold; model, pattern (of a molding); man- 

calibrer, v.t. calibrate, gage, measure, sixe. 

calice, m. cup; chalice; (Bot.) calyx. 

caliche, /. (Min.) caHche. 

uigiiizea Dy 





calicot» m. calico. 

Californie, /. California. 

caUfourclion, m. hobby; hobbyhorse. 
à — , astride, astraddle. 

cattn* m. câlin (alloy for tea canisters). 

caOeax, a. callous, indurated, homy. 

caUofilté, /. caUosity. 

cabnant, p.a. calming, soothing; (Med.) calm- 
ative. — m. (Med.) calmative. 

ealme» a. A m. calm. 

ealmer» v.t. calm, soothe, quiet. 

ealomel, m. calomel. 

calorie» /. calorie, calory. 

cakirif^e, m. heater, heating apparatus, heat- 
ing furnace, heating stove. — o. convey- 
ing heat; (of pipes) hot-air, hot-water, 
steam (as the case may be). 

— à atr, hot-air heater. 

— à eaUf hot-water heater. 

— A vapeur f steam heater. 
calorillqae, a. calorific. 

calortftage, a. heat-insulating. — m. heat insu- 
lation, heat insulator. 

calorimètre» m. calorimeter. 

ealorimétrie, /. calorimetry. 

calorimétriqae» a. calorimetric(al). 

calorique, m. heat; (formerly) caloric. 

calorisatear, m. (Stigar) calorisator. 

calot» m. block, wedge. Cf. cale. 

calotte, /. calotte, skull cap; hence, anything 
of similar shape: cap, calotte, capping, 
knob, head, cup, segment of a sphere (esp. 
one less than a hemisphere), cupola or its 
roof or lining, end of a window-glass cylin- 
d» opposite the blowpipe, case of a watch, 
(AncU.) brain cap. 

calqaase» m. tracing, copying. 

calqae, m. tracing, copy. — a. tracing, copy- 

calqaer, v.t. trace, copy (by tracing). 

— «*r, copy after. 
calquolr, m. tracing point. 
calas, m. callosity; callus. 
camaleii, m. » camée. 
camarade, m. comrade, fellow. 
cambouis, m. oil or grease blackened by use in 

machinery, coom, coomb; grease for polish- 
ing, lubricating, or the like. 

cambre, m. camber, convexity. 

cambré, p.a. cambercid, curved, bowed. 

cambrement, m. cambering, curving. 

cambrer, v.t. camb^, bend, curve, bow, warp. 

cambrien, a. (Oeol.) Cambrian. 

cambrure, /. camber, cambering, curvature. 

came, /. cam, wiper, lifter, tappet; cog. 

camée, m. cameo; (Painting) camaïeu. 

caméléon, m. chameleon. 

— mineral, chameleon mineral. 
caméllne, /. wild flax, gold-of-pleasure (Cam- 

elina aativa). 

cameDe» /. (Salt) a heap of sea salt 
camion, m. truck, dray, camion. 
camionnage, m. truckage, drayage, cartage. 
camionner» v.t. transport by truck or dray. 
camomille, /. camomile, chamomile. 

— commune, ■■ camomille ordinaire. 

— d' Allemagne, German camomile (Afalri- 
caria chamomilla). 

— de Perse, Persian insect powder. 

— ordinaire, wild camomile (Matricaria 
species, esp. M. chamomUla). 

— ptumte, stinking camomile (Anihemiê 

— pyrétkre, pellitory (Anacydue pyrethruni), 

— romaine, Roman camomile (Anihemiê 

camoufler» v.t. camouflage, disguise. 

camourlot» m. cement for filling the joints 
between flagstones. 

campagne» /. campaign (e.g., in metallurgy); 
season; country; field; voyage; country- 
en — , in operation; in the field. 

campanlen» a. Campanian. 

campêche» m. logwood, campeaohy wood. 

camphène, m. camphene. 

camphlne, /. camphine. 

camphoearbonlque, a. camphocarboxylio. 

camphoglycuronlque» a. oamphogluouronio, 

camphol» m. camphol (bomeol). 

camphoUque, a. campholio. 
alcool — , bomeol. 

camphorate, m. camphorate. 

campbored, n. a sort of wide-mouthed bottle. 

camphorifère, a. producing camphor. 

camphorique, a. camphoric. 

camphorolde, a. resembling camphor. 

camphorone, /. camphorone. 

camphoronlque, a. campfioronic. 

campbre, m. camphor. 

— anieique, fenchone. 

— de matricaire, Matricaria camphor (I- 

— de menthe, mint camphor (menthol). 

— du Japon, Japan camphor, ordinary cam- 

— monobromê, bromocamphor, (Pharm.) 
monobromated camphor. 

campbre, a. camphorated; camphoraoeous. 
campbre-poudre, m. camphorated powder. 
campbrer, v.t. camphorate. 
camphrier, m. camphor tree. (Cinnamomum 

can, m. edge. 
canadien, a. Canadian. 
canalgre, /. canaigre (Rumex hymenosepalus). 
canal, m. canal; pipe, tube, conduit; channel; 

flue; drain; sluice; groove; fluting; bed 

(of a river). 

Digitized by 





I dTaèraoet ventilating flue or channel. 

— 4'amenie, inlet pipe or tube, inflow chan- 
• iieL 

'■^d'amorce, detonator hole. 

— de eoidie, (Foundinç) runner, gate, sprue. 
-r-de fuite, efliuz pipe or tube, waste pipe, 

waste channel. 

canallsatloii* /. piping, etc. (see canaliser); 

., system of pipes or tube; pipeline; connec- 
tion, connections (as for steam or gas); 
sewerage; (Elee.) wiring, esp. conduit work. 

— de lumière, electric light wiring. 
eanaliter, v.t. pipe (gas, etc.) ; unite, connect; 

centralise; canalise; (Elec.) wire. 

canameUe, /. sugar cane. 

canard, m. duck (specif., drake); hoax; (Aftn- 
«n(7) air passage; (Pyro.) water rocket. 

ieanaoi, pi. of canal. 

cancer, m. (Med.) cancer. 

cancéreux, a. cancerous. 

cancre, m. crab. 

candélabre, m. chandelier, branched flxture; 

candi, p.a. candied; candy. — m. candy, esp. 
rock candy; candied fruit. 

candidat, m. candidate. 

candir, v.i. ék r. candy, become candied. 

candlserle, /. candy (esp. rock candy) manu- 

cane, /. (female) duck; » canne. 

canette, /. duckling; (Weavino) cop. 

canevas, m. canvas; outline, skeleton. 

canif, m. penknife. 

<»%wipfij a. canine. 

caniveau, m. gutter, channel, conduit, drain, 

cannale, /. cane field; canebrake. 

canne, /. cane; (Olaaa) blowpipe. 

— à euere, sugar xane. 

cannelé, p.a. channeled, grooved, fluted. 
canneler, v.t, channel, groove, flute. 
cannier, m. cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum). 
cannelle, /. cinnamon; faucet, tap; groove, 

— de Ceylan, Ceylon cinnamon. 

— de Magellan, (Pharm.) Winter's bark. 

— de Saigon, Saigon cinnamon. 
cannelle, a. cinnamon-colored. 
cannelure, /. groove, channel, fluting. 
cannette, /. » canette; =» cannelle. 
canon, m. cannon, gun; (collectively) guns, 

artillery; cylindrical part or object, as the 
barrel of a rifle or a syringe, the noszle or 
pipe of a bellows, a roll or stick of sulfur, 
a reel for yam, a cylindrical jar; (Zinc) a 
crucible of oval section; canon. 

— de campagne, field gun. 

— de fusil, gun barrel, rifle barrel. 

— rayé, rifled gun, rifle; rifled barrel. 
canot, m. small boat, launch; canoe. 

cantharlde, /. cantharis, Spanish fly. — a. 

iridescent like the cantharis. 
cantharlder, v.t. cantharidate. 
cantharidlne, /. cantharidin. 
cantharidlque, a. cantharidic. 
cantine, /. chest, box, case; canteen. 
canton, m. canton (in France, subdivision of an 

arrondissement) . 
canule, /. small tube, cannula, (of a syringe) 

caoutchène, m. caoutchene. 
caoutchouc, m. rubber, caoutchouc; (rubber) 


— à eau (or à raccord), rubber tubing made 
from cut sheet. 

— creux, single-tube tire. 

— cuir, imitation leather made from rubber- 
ised cloth. 

— dee huiles, a rubber substitute made from 
certain oils. 

— de synthèse, ssmthetic rubber. 

— dilaté, fine-cut sheet rubber. 

— durci, hard rubber. 

— en feuilles, sheet rubber. 

— factice, artificial rubber. 

— mélangé, mixed rubber. 

— pneumatique, pneumatic tire. 

— régénéré, reclaimed rubber. 

— sulfuré, vulcanisé, vulcanised rubber. 
caoutchoutage, m. treating with rubber, rub- 

caoutchouter, v.t. treat with rubber, rubber- 

caoutchoutier, m. rubber plant; rubber 

caoutchoutifère, a. producing rubber. 

cap, m. cape; head. 

— de Bonne-Espérance, Cape of Good Hope. 
callable, a. capable. 

capacité, /. capacity; expert. 
cap^que, n. capsicum. 

capillaire, a. capillary. — m. capillary, capil- 
lary tube; maidenhair fern, capillaire. 
capillarité, /. capillarity. 
capitaine, m. captain. 
capital, a. capital. — m. capital; chief thing. 

— d'établissement, fixed capital. 

— social, capital of a firm or company, social 

capltal-actlon(8), m. capital stock. 
capitale, /. capital (either city or letter). 
capitalement, adv. capitally; essentially; ab- 
capitaliser, v.t. capitalize. 
capitaliste, m. capitalist. 
capital-obligations, m. liabilities. 
cap! tel, m. (Soap) a lye of ashes and lime. 
capiteux, a. (of liquors) heady, intoxicating. 
capituler, v.t. capitulate. 
capnofUge, a. smoke-preventing. 

uigitized Dy V3V^' 





caporal, m. corporal. 

capot» m. cover, hood. 

câpre, /. (Bot.) caper. 

capricleiix, a. capricious. 

caprlD, a. caprine, of or pertaining to a goat. 

caprlnate, m. caprate. 

caprinlque, a. capric. 

caprlqae, a. capric; decyl (in the phrase al 
eocl caprique). 

caproiqae, a. caproic; hexyl (in the phrase 
alcool eavroique). 

capryle, m. capryl; (less properly) ootyl. 

capryllqiie, a. caprylic; octyl (in the phrase 
aleocl capryliqué). 

capsiilage, m. capping (as of bottles). 

capsulalre, a. capsular. 

capsule, /. an evaporating dish or dish of sim- 
ilar shape, even when large; small dish or 
cup, capsule; capsule (in other senses): 
cap; {Explonvea) cap, primer, detonator; 
iMaeh.) ring gage. 

— d trouB, perforated dish, strainer, colander. 

— avec manche, dish with handle, (in some 
cases) casserole. 

— conique, a dish having the form of an 
inverted frustum of a cone. 

— d^ivaporaiiont — ivaporatoire, evaporating 

— fulminante, fulminating cap, percussion 

— médicamenteuse, medicinal capsule. 

— ewrrinale, suprarenal capsule. 
captage, m. conducting of water (as by piping) 

to the place where it is to be used. 
captatton, /. catching, collecting, collection. 
capter, 1. 1. catch, collect, capture; make avail- 
able; conduct (water) to the place of use; 

captif, o. captive. — m. captive, prisoner. 
captiver, v.t. captivate; subdue; confine. 
capuchon, m. cap (as for a bottle or a test 

tube); {Bot, etc.) hood. 
capuchonné, a. capped, hooded. 
capndne, /. nasturtium; band (of a firearm). 
capullne, /. a black fabric made of wool, goat's 

hair and horsehair, used in the purification 

of fatty acids by expression. 
caput-mortuum, m. (pid Chem.) caput mor^ 

eaquage, m. barreling. 
eaque, /. a kind of barrel. 
eaquer, v.t. barrel. 

car, conj. for, because, as, inasmuch as. 
caralia, m. cashew nut oil, cardol. 
carabe, m. a variety of amber. 
caracoll, m. caracoli, caracoly (an alloy). 
caractère, m. character; characteristic. 

— d'imprimerie, type. 
caractérisant, p.a. characterising, -teristic. 
caractériser, v.t. characterise; distinguish. 

caractéristique, a. A f. characteristic. 
carafe, /. wash bottle, washing bottle; carafe, 

caramel, m. caramel. 
caraméllque, a. pertaining to, or of the nature 

of, caramel. 
caraniéllser, v.t. as r. caramelise, turn into 

caramel; treat or mix with caramel. 
carat, m. carat; small diamond. 
carature, /. gold alloy; alloying (of gold). 

— blanche, alloying of gold with sUv», or 
the alloy so produced. 

— rouge, alloying of gold with copper, ox the 
alloy so produced. 

carbamate, m. carbamate. 

carbamide, /. carbamide, urea. 

carbamlque, a. carbamic. 

carbantle, n. carbanil, phenyl isocyanate. 

carbailde, /. carbaside. 

carbaiol, m. carbasole. 

carbaiotlque, a. carbasotio (picric). 

carblmlde, /. carbimide, carbonimide. 

carblnol, m. carbinol. 

carblnoUque, a. carbinol, pertaining to, or of 

the nature of, a carbinol. 
carboaiotlne, /. carboaxotine (a kind of safety 

blasting powder). 
carbodynamlte, /. carbodjmamite. 
carbollque, a. carbolic. 
carbonado, m. carbonado. 
carbonatage, m. carbonation. 
carbonatatlon, /. carbonation, carbonatation. 
carbonate, m. carbonate. 

— d'ammoniaque, carbonate of anmionia, 
ammonium carbonate. 

— de chaux, carbonate of lime, calcium car- 

— de fer, iron carbonate. 

— de lithine, lithium carbonate. 

— de macnieie, magnesium carbonate. 

— de plomb, lead carbonate. 

— de potasse, carbonate of potash, potassium 

— de soude, carbonate of soda, sodium car- 

— de solide potassé, potassium sodium car- 

— de stroniiane, strontium carbonate. 

— lithique, lithium carbonate. 

— niccolique, nickel carbonate. 
carbonate, p.a. carbonated. 
carbonater, v.t. carbonate. — v.r. become car- 

carbonateur, m. carbonator; (Sugar) oarbona* 

tion (or carbonatation) man. 
carbone, m. carbon. 

— combiné, combined carbon. 

— de recuit, annealing carbon. 

— de trempe, temper carbon. 

— fixe, firéd carbon. 

uigitized Dy 





carbone ffraphUigue, graphitic carbon. 

carboné» a. of, pertaining to or containing car- 
bon, carbonaceous; carburetted. 

earboneux» a. In the phrase acide carboneux, 
an old name for oxalic acid. 

carbonlde, m. carbonide (rarely used), carbide. 
— o. resembling carbon. 

carbonifère» a. carboniferous; (Oeol.) Carbon- 

carbonlmètre, m. carbonimeter (a buret for 
determining carbon dioxide). 

earbonlmlde, /. carbonimide, carbimide. 

carbonique, a. carbonic; (Org. Chem., esp. in 
combination) carboxylic. 

carbonisation, /. carbonization. 

carboniser, v.t. carbonize. 

carbonlseuse, /. (TextHea) an apparatus for 
conducting the carbonization process. 

carbonlte, /. (Ezpl.) carbonite. 

carbonolde, a. resembling carbon. 

carbonométrie, /. carbonometry. 

earbonyl-amldé, a. containing both carbonyl 
and amidogen or, specif., an acid amide 
group, CONHt. 

carbonyle, m. carbonyl. 

carbonylê, a. containing carbonyl, carbonyl. 

carborundum, m. carborundum. 

carbosulfore, m. carbon disulfide. 

carbosulfureux, a. containing carbon disulfide. 

earboiybémogioblne, /, carbonyl hemoglobin, 
. carbon monoxide hemoglobin. 

carboxyle, m. carboxyl. 

carboxylpyrazlnlque, a. pyrazinecarboxylic. 

carboxyphênollque, a. phenolcarboxylic (des- 
ignating aromatic hydroxy acids). 

carburant, p.a. carburet (t)ing. — m. car- 
buretant; fuel (for explosion engines). 

carburateur, m. carburet (t) or. — a. carbu- 

carburation, /. carburization, carburation. 

carbure, m. carbide; specif., hydrocarbon. 

— acétyîênigue, acetylene hydrocarbon. 

— allénigue, aliène hydrocarbon. 

— à noyau fermé, ring hydrocarbon. 

— aromatique, aromatic hydrocarbon. 

— d'hydrogène, hydrogen carbide, hydrocar- 

— diéthylénique, diethylenic hydrocarbon. 

— ditér&iénique, diterpene. 

— éthylénique, ethylene hydrocarbon. 

— métallique, metallic carbide. 

— monoiér&)énique, terpene proper, (CuHu). 

— polytérébénique (or multitérébénique), poly- 

— saturé, saturated hydrocarbon. 

— aesquitérébénique, sesquiterpene. 

— térébénique, terpene. 

carburé, p.a. carburized; carburetted; con- 
taining carbon. 
carburer, v.t. carburize; carburet. 

carburet, m. carburet (old term for carbide). 
carbsiamlne, /. carbylami&e, carbamine, isoni» 

carbyle, m. carbyl. 

carealse, /. annealing kiln for plate glass. 
carcas, m. refined cast iron. 
carcasse, /. skeleton; frame, framework; case 

(of a torpedo) ; carcass; body; (Mil.) car- 
cass, incendiary shell. 
carcel, m. (Photometry) carcel. 
carclnomateux, a. (Med.) carcinomatous. 
carcinome, m. (Med.) carcinoma. 
cardage, m. carding; teaseling. 
cardamome, cardamone, m. cardamom, car- 

cardan, /. Cardan joint, Cardan jointing. 
à la — , Cardanic, in the manner or of the 

nature of a Cardan joint. 
carde, /. card, carding machine; teasel; chard. 
carder, v.t. card (wool, etc.); teasel (cloth). 
cardiaire, /. (Bot.) motherwort (Leonurua cardi- 

aca). — a. of the heart, cardiac. 
cardialgie, /. (Med.) cardialgia. 
cardiaque, a. & m. (Med.) cardiac. — /. 

= cardiaire. 
cardinal, a. & m. cardinal. 
cardol, m. cardol (cashew-nut oil). 
carence, /. deficiency, lack (as in diet) ; (Law) 

absence of assets. 
cargaison, /. cargo; shipping. 
caricine, /. caricin (papain). 
carle, /. (Med., etc.) caries. 

— aècfie, (of wood) dry rot. 
carillon, m. rod (of iron); chimes; noise. 
carinthlen, a. Carinthian. 
carkhèse, /. = carcaise. 
carllne, /. (Bot.) carline thistle (Carlina). 
carmin, m. & a. carmine. 

— aluné, (Micros.) alum carmine. 

— boracique, (Micros.) borax carmine. 

— d'indigo, (Dyes) indigo carmine. 
carmlnatlf, a. as m. (Med.) carminative. 
carminé, p.a. carminated; carmine-colored. 
carmlner, v.t. treat or mix with carmine; color 


carmlnlque, a. carminic. 

camé, a. flesh-colored; of meat, meat, flesh. 

cameau, carnau, m. the flue or pipe connect- 
ing a furnace with the chimney, vent, 
smoke pipe, (in a boiler) fire tube. 

carnet, m. notebook, memorandum book; ac- 
count book. 

— journalier, journal. 
carnlne, /. camine. 

camlTore, a. cmnivorous. — m.pZ. Cami- 

carotide, a. & f. (Anat.) carotid. 
carotine, /. carotin. 
carotte, /. carrot; trick, ruse. 
carottine, /. carotin. 

uigitized by 





caroube, /. carob bean, carob. 

cafoubler, m. carob tree, carob. 

cafouge, /. > caroube. 

carpobalsame, m. carpobalsamum. Ohs. 

carqualse, /. = carcaise. 

carre, /. thickness; crown (of a hat) ; back and 
shouldeors; comer. 

carré, p.a. squared; square; perpendicular; 
square-built; (Paper) of the size called 
carré (see below). — m. square; something 
square or rectangular, as an iron bar of 
square cross section, a garden bed, a stair- 
case landing, etc.; (Paper) a size about 45 
by 56 cm. (18 by 22 in.), medium, demy. 

carreau, m. tile; pane (of glass) ; paving brick; 
floor; ground; square; check, checker; a 
coarse file of square cross section; garden 
bed; tailor's goose; square cushion; 
(Masonry) stretcher; (Cards) diamond; 

— de poéUt stove Hie. 

— encaustiquef encaustic tile. 

— en cimentt cement slab, cement block. 
carrelage, m. paving with tile, tiling. 
carreler, v.t. pave with tile, tile. 

carrelet, m. cubical grain (of explosives) ; pack- 
ing needle; (ZoSl.) plaice. 
9*, m. tile maker. 

carrément, adv. squarely, square. 

carrer, v.t. square. 

carrière,/. quarry; career; racecourse; arena; 
course; scope, play. 

carrosserie, /. coach (or carriage) building. 

carrossier, m. coach builder, carriage builder. 

CMToyaS^ m. checkering, squares. 

carte, /. cardboard; card; map, chart; bill, 
account; bill of fare. 

— couchée, glazed cardboard. 

— de visite, visiting card. 

— postale, postal card, post card. 
cartel, m. syndicate, trust; (MU.) cartel. 
cartelle, /. veneer. 

carter, m. (Mach.) a protecting piece or cover, 

cartbame, m. safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) ; 

any plant of the genus CartJutmiAS. 
cartbamine, /. carthamin. 
cartbamique, a. carthamic. 
cartliage, m. cartilage. 
cartilagineux, a. cartilaginous. 
carton, m. pasteboard, (paper) board; a piece 

of pasteboard; pasteboard case or box, 

carton; portfolio; cartoon; (Printing) a 

double leaf, or four pages. 

— bitumé (or bituminé), tar board, tar paper. 

— Bristol, Bristol board. 

— couché, glased board. 

— couvert, covered pasteboud. 

— cuir, leatherboard. 

^— d'amiante, asbestos board. 

carton de eoUage, board made by gluing sheets 
of paper together, pasteboard in the proper 

— de deuxième moulage, board made from old 

— de montagne, asbestos board. 

— de moulage, board made from paper pulp 
by molding or pressing into sheets, (in part) 

— de paHle, straw board. 

— de papier-mâché, — de pâte secondaire, 
board made from old paper. 

— de premier moulage, board made, like paper, 
from original materials. 

— de tourbe, peat board. 

— en pâte de bois, wood board. 

— glacé, glazed board. 

— minéral, asbestos board. 

— ondulé, corrugated board. 

— porcelaine, enameled board. 
en — , (of books) in boards. 

carton-cuir, m. leatherboard. 

cartonnHpe, m. binding in boards; making of 

paper-board objects; paper-board boxes 

cartonné, p.a. bound in boards. 
cartonner, v.t. bind in boards. 
cartonnerle, /. pasteboard (or paper board) 

manufacture; paper-board factory. 
cartonnenx, a. resembling pasteboard, stiff. 
carton-iiallle, m. strawboajrd. 
carton-pâte, m. papier-màché, paper pulp. 
carton-pierre, m. a hard variety of paper 

board containing clay, cement, etc. 
cartoucbe, /. thimble, shell (for extractions) ; 

cartridge. — m. case; frame, cartouche 

(for a name, title or the like). 

— à blanc, — à poudre, — blanche, — sans 
balle), blank cartridge. 

— à fumée, smoke cartridge. 
eartoucberie, /. cartridge factory. 
car?acrol, m. carvacrol. 
canrène, m. carvene. 

carvi. m. (Bot.) caraway (Carum oarut). 
caryoi, m. carvol (old name for carvone). 
caryopbyilées, /. pi. (Bot.) Caryophyllaceae 

caryopbylline, /. caryophyllin. 
cas, m. case; position, state; matter, affair; 

en — que, in case, if. 

en tout — , in any case. 
cascade, /. cascade. 

en — , in cascade, in a (descending) series. 
easearilie, /. cascarilla. 
case, /. compartment; hut. 
caséase, /. casease. 
caséate, m. caseate. 
caseation, /. caseation. 
caséeux, a. caseous, cheesy. 

uigiiizea Dy 



cuélllcatloii, /. caseation. 

cuélflOT, v.t. convert into cheese. 

cuéiforme, a. like cheese, cheesy. 

caséine, /. casein. 

easéineiie,/. cheesemaking; cheese factory. 

caséinogène» a. casein-producing. — m. casein- 

easéique, a. caseic. 

CMeFf v.t. place; put away; put in order. 

caserette, /., caserel, caseret, m. cheese mold. 

caserne, /. barracks. 

casette,/. little case; (Ceram.) sagger, seggar. 

caséum, m. caseum (paracasein). 

caster, m. filing case, set of pigeonholes; oom- 
partmented case or rack. 

casllleux, a. brittle. 

casplen, a. Caspian. 

la Caspienne, the Caspian Sea. 

casqne, m. helmet; (Bol.) hood, helm. 

casqnette, /. cap. 

cassable, a. breakable. 

cassiHSC, m. breaking, crushing. 

cassant, p.a. breaking, etc. (see casser); brit- 
tle, short; peremptory. 

— à chaud, hot-short, red-short. 

— à froid, cold-short. 
cassave, /. cassava. 

casse,/, breaking, breakage; ladle; pan, basin, 
boiler; case (esp. for type); (Pot. as 
Pharm.) cassia; {Metal.) crucible; {Wines) 



— aromatique, cassia bark, Chinese cin- 
namon (Çinnamomum cassia, etc.). 

— du Brésil, = casse vraie. 

— en bâtons, cassia pods. 

— en bois, {Pharm.) cassia bark. 

— mondée, cassia pulp. 

• — vraie, purging cassia, cassia pods {Cassia 

cassé, p.a. broken, etc. (see casser) ; worn out, 
weak; (of wine) affected with casse. — m. 
{Paper, pi.) casse paper, cassie paper; 
{Candy) crack, snap (stage reached at about 
127*' C). 

casse-coke, m. an instnunent for breaking up 
large pieces of coke. 

casse-dlable, m. (Bot.) St.-John*s-wort {Hyper- 
icum, esp. H. perforatum). 

cassement, m. breaking, etc. (see casser). 

casse-pterre, casse-plerres, m. stone breaker, 
stone crusher; stone hammer; {Bot.) saxi- 

casse-poltrlne, m. fiery liquor. 

casser, v.f. break; crush; crack (nuts); annul. 
— v.i. as r. break. 

— le vide, break the vacuum, interrupt the 

casserole, /. casserole. 

cassenr, m. break». — a. breaking, crush- 

casslée, /. {Bot.) any member of a tribe of oœs- 
alpiniaceous plants includinjc the genus 

cassler, m. cassia tree, cassia plant. 

cassis, m. cassis, black currant {Ribes nigrum) 
or a liqueur made from it. 

eassitérite, /. (Afin.) cassiterite. 

casson, m. fragment (as of glass or pottery); 
broken or imperfect sugar loaf; broken 
cocoa nibs. 

cassonade, /. raw or muscovado sugar, cas- 

cassure, /. fracture. 

— A édats, splintering fracture. 

— à fibres, fibrous fracture. 

— d grain (or à grains), granular fracture. 

— à nerf, fibrous fracture. 

— conch&tde, conchoidal fracture. 

— de bois, woody fracture. 

— fibreuse, fibrous fracture. 

— granulaire, granular fracture. 

— lamelleitse, lamellar fracture. 

— métallique, metallic fracture. 

— résineuse, resinous fracture. 

— terreuse, earthy fracture. 

— vitreuse, vitreous fracture. 
castillan, a. Castilian. 

castlne, /. {Metal.) limestone, used as a flux. 
castoréum, m. castoreum. 
castorine, /. castorin. 
casuel, a. casual, incidental. 
cataire, /. catnip {Nepeta cataria), — a. purr- 
catalan, a. Catalan, (less often) Catalonian. 
catalase, /. catalase. 
catalepsie, /. {Med.) catalepsy. 
Catalogne, /. Catalonia. 
catalogue, m. catalog(ue), list. 
cataloguement, m. oatalogging, cataloguing. 
catal<^^er, v.t. catalog (ue). 
catalyse, /. catalysis. 
catalyser, v.t. catalyze, catalyse. 
catalyseur, m. catalyzer, catalyst. 
catalyte, /. catalyst, catalyzer. 
catalytique, a. catalytic. 
cataphorèse, /. cataphoresis. 
cataphorétiqae, a. cataphoretic. 
cataplasme, m. cataplasm, poultice. 
catapuce, /. caper spurge {Euphorbia kUhyris). 
catéchine, /. catechol, catechin. 
catéchique, a. catechuic, pertaining to catechu. 
catechu, caté-chn, m. catechu. 
catégorie, /. category. 
catégorique, a. categorical. 
cathartine, /. cathartin (cathartic acid). 
cathartique, a. <& m. (Med.) cathartic. 
cathédrale, a. & f. cathedral. 
cathérétique, a. <& m. {Med.) catheretic. 
cathète, /. (Oeom.) cathetus, perpendicular. 
cathétomètre, m. cathetometer. 

uigiiizea Dy -kjkj 




cathode, /. cathode. 

cathodique, a. cathodic, cathode. 

eathollcoii» m. (Med.) catholicon, panacea. 

ealA, p.a. gloesed, lustered. — m. gloas, luster. 

cation, m. cation. 

catir, v.t. gloas, luster (cloth by pressing). 

catlssage, m. glossing, lustering (of doth). 

catop trique, /. catoptrics. — a. catoptric (al). 

Caucase, m. Caucasus. 

caucasien, caucasique, a. Caucasian. 

cauchenmr, m. incubus, nightmare. 

caucher, m. parchment book for gold leaf. 

causant, causatif, a. causative, causing. 

causatlvement, adv. causatively. 

cause, /. cause; (JLaw) consideration. 

A — de, because of, on account of. 

à — 914e, because, for the reason that. 

— d'erreur, cause of error, source of error. 
causé, p.a. caused; {Jmw) for value received. 
causw, v.t. cause. — v.i. talk, chat. 
causticité, /. causticity. 
caustlflcateur, m. causticiser. 
caustiflcatlon, /. causticixation. 
caustlfler, v.t. causticise, render caustic. 
caustique, a. & m. caustic. — /. caustic curve, 


— au chlorure de nnc, {Pharm.) Canquoin's 

— de Vienne, {Pharm.) Vienna caustic, 
Vienna paste. 

caustiquement, adv. caustically. 

cautère, m. cautery, cauterisation; cautery, 
cauterising agent; ulcer. ' 

cautérisant, p.a. cauterising. — m. cauter- 
ising agent, cauterant. 

cautérisation, /. cauterization. 

cautériser, v.t. cauterize. 

caution, /. security, surety, guarantee, bail. 

cautionné, p.a. guaranteed, warranted; bailed. 

cautionnement, m. security, deposit, bail. 

cautionner, v.t. guarantee; give security for. 

cavalerie, /. cavaby. 

cavalier, m. rider (as of a balance); staple; 
horseman; cavalier; {Paper) a size cor- 
responding to printing demy (about 17^ by 
22} in.). 

— cureeur, sliding rider, adjustable rider. 
cave, /. cellar. — a. hollow, concave. 
cavean, m. small cellar, vault. 

— à glace, ice box. 

caver, v.t. hollow, hollow out, excavate; dig, 

mine, undermine; stake, bet. 
caverne, /. cave, cavern; cavity. 
caverneux, a. cavernous, hollow. 
carité, /. cavity, hollow. 
casette, /. {Ceram.) sagger, seggar. 
ce, a. this; that. — pron. this, that, he, she, it. 

(For the pi. see cea.) 
à — que, from what, according to what; by 

the fact that; that, in order that. 


eéanothe, céanote, m. {Bot.) Ceanothusf 
specif., {Pharm.) New Jeney tea (C. ameri», 

eed, pron. this. 

cedte, /. blindness. 

— dee couleura, color blindness. 
cédât, m. natural steel. 

céder, v.t. give up, part with; yield, surrenderi. 

cede, transfer; sell. — v.i. yield, give in» 

give way; be inferior. 
cédrat, m. citron {CUrua mediea, specif, the 

variety genuina, or its fruit). 
cédratole, /. citron plantation. 
cédratier, m. citron tree. 
cèdre, m. cedar (wood or tree) ; specif., any tree 

of the genus Cedrus; citron. 

— hianc, white cedar. 

— de VHimalaHah, Himalaya cedar, deodar. 

— dee Bermudea, Bermuda cedar {Juniperua 

— de Sibérie, Siberian cedar, stone pine 
{Pinu^ cen^>ra). 

— de Virginie^ red cedar {Juniperua virgin^ 

— duLiban, cedar of Lebanon {Cedrua libani), 

— rouge, red cedar. 

oédrel, m., cédrèle, /. any tree of the genus 

oédrie, /. cedar resin. 
oédron, m. {Bot.) cedron {Simaba cedron), 
ceignant, of ceindre. 
ceignit, p.def. S aing. of ceindre. 
ceindre, v.t. siuround; put on (as a sword). 
celnt, p.a. surrounded, indoeed, encircled. 

— pr.S aing. of ceindre. 
ceinture, /. belt, band, girdle. 
cela, pron. that; that person, he, she, him, her» 

they, them. 
à — prèa, with that exception; for all that. 
céladon, m. as a. pale green. 
celer, v.t. conceal, hide. 
céleri, m. celery. 
célérité, /. celerity. 
céleste, a. celestial, heavenly. 

bleu — , sky blue, azure. 
célestine, /. {Min.) celestite, celestine. 
celle, pron. she, her, one, the one, that. 
celle-^, pron. this, this one, she, her; the latter, 

the last. 
celle-là, pron. that, that one, she, her; the 

former, the first. 
celles, pron. they, them, those, {fem. of ceux.) 
cetles-d, pron. they, them, these; the lattôr, 

the last. 
celles-là, pron. they, them, those; the former, 

the first. 
cellier, m. a cool place for making wine or for 

keeping wine, vegetables, or the like (dis- 

tingiiished from cave in not being under- 
ground or vaulted). 

uigiiizea Dy 





t f. celloee. 
et a. cellular. 
eeUule, /. cell; cellule, small cell. 

— à compter t — à fond dvnaé, oountÎDS 

— compoaéet composite cell. 

— de Thoma, Thoma counting chamber. 
cellule, a. cellular, cellulated. 
ceiliileiu, a. cellular. 

ceiliillte, /. cellulite; cellulitia. 
eeOiUoId, eellulolde, m. celluloid. 
eelliilose, /. cellulose. 

— suiJUique, sulfite cellulose. 
eelliiloslqae, a. cellulosio, cellulose. 
eelul» pron. he, him, one, the one, that. 
eelal-d» pron. this, this one, he, him; the 

latter, the last. 
eellll-là» pron. that, that one, he, him; the 

former, the first. 
eembre, cembio» m. stone pine (Pinua 

cement» m. cement, specif, the powder used in 

cementation. (Cf. dment.) 
cémentatloii, /. (Metal.) cementation. 
cementatolre, a. cementatory; (Mining) 

cement (see eau cémentatoire, under eau). 
cémenter, v.t. (Metal.) subject to cementation, 

cement, caseharden, face-harden. — v.ù 

undergo cementation. 
cémentenx, a. of the nature of cement. 
cendmge, m. (Founding) ashing over of 

eendmille, /. ashy débris from lime kilns. 
cendre, /. ash, ashes. 

— bleuet Saunders blue (either ultramarine 
ash or a basic copper carbonate). 

— bleue naturelle (also p/.)» a blue pigment 
composed of powdered azurite. 

— de houillet coal ashes. 

— de plombt dust shot, very fine shot. 

— d'oe, bone ash. 

— d^ouiremer, ultramarine ash. 

— fixe, permanent ash (one that remains 
when glowed). 

eendrea de bois, wood ashes. 

cendres d^orfèvre goldsmith's ash, precious- 
metal residues. 

cendres graveléea, a grayish potassium car- 
bonate (pearlafih) made from wine lees. 

cendres perlées, pearlash. 

— verte, green verditer. 

mettre en cendres, reduce to ashesi bum to 
ashes, incinerate. 
cendré, a. ash-colored, ashen. 
cendrée, /. lead ashes, litharge; dross, refuse; 
dust shot, very fine shot. 

— de Toumay, a hydraulic cement made from 
coal dust and lime. 

Cendrer, v.t. mix or treat with ashes; give an 
ashen color to. 

cendreux, a. ashy, covered with or full of 

ashes; (Metal.) weak or flawy from ash 

cendrier, m. receptacle for ashes, ash pit, ash 

box, ash pan, ash bucket. 
cendrière, /. peat; a woman that sells ashes. 
cendrure, /. a rough pitted condition of metal, 

esp. steel, due to ashes; ash spot, cinder 

censé, a. supposed, regarded, considered. 
censeur, m. censor; proctor. — a. censorious. 
censure, /. censorship; censure. 
cent, a. À m. hundred. 

pour — , per cent. 
cent., abbrev. centime (i of a cent) ; ^centième) 

centaine, /. hundred (vaguer than cenO. 
centaurée, /. (Bot.) centaury. 

— américaine, American centaury (Sabbatia 

cent, cub., abbrev. (centimètre cube, centi- 
mètres cubes), cubic centimeter (s). 

centenaire, a. centennial, centenary, centena- 
rian. — m. centennial, centenary; cente- 

centennal, a. centennial. 

centésimal, a. centesimal; percent; centi* 

centiare, m. centiare, centiar (1 sq. meter). 

centième, a. & m. hundredth. 

alcocl d 25 centièmes, 25 percent alcohol. 
en centièmes, in hundredths, in per cent. 

^centigrade, a. centigrade. 

oentlgramme, m. centigram. 

centilitre, m. centiliter (10 c.c). 

centime, m. centime (about i cent or A d.). 

centimètre, m. centimeter. 

— carré, square centimeter. 

— cube, cubic centimeter. 
centrage, m. centering. 
central, a. central. 

centrale, /. central establishment or plant. 

centralement, adv. centrally. 

centralisateur, a. centralizing. 

centralisation, /. centralisation. 

centraliser, v.t. centralize. 

centratlon, /. centering. 

centre, m. center. 

centrer, v.t. center. 

centreur, m. centering apparatus, centerer. 

centrlfUgateur, m. = centrifugeur. 

centrlftigatlon, /. oentrifugalization, oentrif- 

centrlftige, a. centrifugal. 
centrifuger, v.t. centrifugalize, centrifugate, 

centrlftageur, m., centrifugeuse, /. centrifu^ 

gal machine, centrifugal, centrifuge. 
centripète, a. centripetal. 
centrosome, m. (Biol.) centrosome. 

uigiiizea Dy V3V^' 





centuple, a. A m. centuple, hundredfold. 

centupler, v.t. centuple, increase a hundred- 

eep, m. stock. 

eélMige, m. variety (of grapevine). 

eependant, conj. nevertheless, however, still. 
— adv. meanwhile, in the mean time. 

céphalalgie, /. cephakilgia, headache. 

cephallqne, a. cephalic. 

eephœllne, /. cephaëline. 

céracée, /. a kind of Swiss cheese. 

cérame, m. an earthenware vessel. — a. per- 
taiidng to, or suitable for making, earthen- 
ware vessels. 

céramique, o. ceramic. — /. ceramics. — n. 
ceramic ware, earthenware. 

céramiste, n. ceramist. — a. ceramic. 

céramographle, /. ceramography. 

céramographiqne, a. ceramographic. 

céraslne, /. cerasin. 

cérat, m. (Pharm.) cerate; (loosely) ointment. 

— cosmétique, cold cream, ointment of rose 

— deOoulard, Goulard's cerate, cerate of lead 

— de résine anglais, rosin cerate. 

— de résine composé, compound rosin cerate, 
Deshler's salve. 

— de savon, soap cerate. 

— épulotiqae, ointment of sine oxide, zinc 

— satumé, = cérat de Goulard. 

— simple, simple cerate, cerate. 
cératolde, a. ceratoid, homy (or homshaped). 

e, /. circle, ring, specif.: the frame of a 

circular sieve; (Çeram.) an earthenware 

ring used as a support for articles in the 


a, m. hoop. 
cerclage, m. encircling; hooping. 
cercle, m. circle; hoop, ring, (annular) band, 

en cercles, in circles; (of liquors) in the wood, 

in casks. 
cercler, v.t. surround with hoops or bands; 

encircle; ring; limit. 
cercueil, m. cofl^, casket. 
céréale, /. & a. cereal. 
céréaline, /. cerealin (aleurone); oerealine (a 

maise preparation). 
cérébrine, /. cerebrin. 
cérémonie, /. ceremony. 
céléolé, m. (Pharm.) cerate. 
cérésine, cérésite, /. ceresin, ceresine. 
cerf, m. deer, stag, hart. 
cérides, m. pi. cerium metals. 
cérifire, a. ceriferous, producing wax. 
cérlne, /. cerin. 
férique, a. of or pertaining to cerium, specif.. 

peric; (Org. Chem.) eerie. 

cerise, /. cherry. — m. cherry (color), cerise; 

cerise (the dye). 
cerisettc, /. dried cherry; a cherry drink. 
cerisiw, m. cherry (tree or wood). 
— de Virginie, (fiot.) wild black cherry 

iPrumts serotina). 
cérite, /. (Min.) cerite. 
cerium, m. cerium. 
cwne, m. circle, ring, halo. 
cerneau, m. green walnut kernels. 
cemw, v.t. encircle, surround, cut round. — 

v.r. become encircled. 
cérolde, a. resembling wax. 
céroléine, /. cerolein. 
eeroukékf m. (Med.) ceromel. 
cérosée, cérosie, cérosine, /. cerosin (a waxy 

substance from sugar cane). 
cérotique, a. cerotic; cerotyl, ceryl (in the 

phrase alcool céroiiqite, ceryl alcohol). 
céroxyle, m. (Bot.) (IJeroxylon, wax palm. 
céroxyline, /. palm wax, ceroxyle. 
Ctftain, a. certain. 
certainement, adv. certainly. 
certes, adv. certainly, surely. 
certificat, m. certificate. 
eertiflcateur, m. certifier; guarantor. 
certifier, v.t. certify; guarantee. 
certitude, /. certitude, certainty; steadiness, 

siu^ness (of hand). 
cérulé, céruléen, a. cerulean, azure, light blue. 
céruléine, /. (Dyes) ceruleln. 
céruléum, m. ceruleum (an inorganic pig- 
céruline, /. soluble indigo blue. 
cérumen, m. (Physiol.) cerumen. 
cérumineux, a. ceruminous. 
ceruse, /. wûte lead, ceruse (the pigment). 
cérusier, m. white-lc»d work». 
cérusite, /. (Min.) cerussite. 
cerveau, m. brain (the organ). 
cenrelet, m. cerebellum. 
cervelle, /. brain substance, brains. 
cenroise, /. oervisia (beer of the ancients). 
cervoisier, m. a maker of cervisia. 
céryle, m. ceryl. 
cérylique, a. ceryl. 
ces, a. (pi. of ce, cette) these; those. — pro». 

these, those, they. 
césium, m. cesium, caesium. 
cessant, p.a. ceasing, suspended. 
cessation, /. cessation, ceasing. 
cesse, /. ceasing, cessation. 

sans — , without ceasing, incessantly. 
cesser, v.t. & i. cease, stop, discontinue. 
cession, /. cession, transfer, assignment. 
cessionnaire, n. assignee, grantee, transferee. 
c'est, a!>6rev. (ce est) it is, he is, she is. 
c'est-à-dire, that is to say, that is, i.e. 
cet, a. Used for ce before a vowel sound. Seeoe. 
Cétacé, a. ± m. (Zoôl.) cetacean. 





eétailne, /. ketasine. 
cétlmine, /. ketimine. 
céttne» /. cetin. 
céto- . keto- . 
cétohexose, /. ketohezoae. 
cétone, /. ketone. 

— de MichUr, Michler's ketone. 
cétonlqae» a. ketonic. 

oétopipéridlne, /. ketopiperidine (piperidone). 
cétose» m. ketose. 

cette» a. fem. of ce. 

oeux» pron. they, them, those. 

oeiix-ei,2>ron. they, them, these; the latt«r, the 

ceux-là» pron. they, them, those; the former, 
the first. 

cevadllle, /. (fiot.) sabadilla, oevadilla. 

cévadlne» /. cevadine (veratrine of Merck). 

Ceylan, n. Ceylon. 

ch», abhrev. (chapitre) chapter. 

chablls, m. Chablis (a dry white wine). 

chabotte» /. anvil block, anvil (of a power ham- 

chacrlOe, /. cascarilla. 

chaciiii» pron. each, each one; everyone, every- 

chafée» chaflée» /. residue remaining aft«r the 
extraction of starch from cereals, bran. 

chagrin, n. shagreen Geather) ; affliction, grief, 
trouble; chagrin. — a. sad, peevish, 

Chagriner, v.t. shagreen (skins); distress, 
afflict; vex; chagrin. 

chagrineur, chagrinler, m. shagreen maker. 

chal, m. storage room, storage shed (for wines, 
brandies, etc.). 

chaiUe, pr. s sing. aubj. of chaloir. 

chatne, /. chain. 

à — ouverte, open-chain. 

— à godets, chain pump. 

— ailemande, open-link chain. 

— anglaise, close-link chain. 

— arborescente, branching chain, branched 

— à roideaux, block chain, roller chain. 

— carbonée, carbon chain, chain of carbon 

— de transmission, driving chain, power 

— fermée, closed chain, ring. 

— hydrocarbonée, hydrocarbon chain. 

— latérale, side chain, lateral chain. 

— linéaire, (Org. Chem.) straight chain, im- 
branched chain. 

— ouverte, open chain. 

— sans fin, endless chain. 

chatnette, /. small chain; (Math.) catenary. 
chaînon, m. link (or, broadly, portion) of a 

chain (in Org. CJiem. often best translated 

as "grouping " or "group.") 

Chaînon stUfoné, sulfonic group, sulf o group. 

— terminai, end group, terminal group. 
chair, /. flesh; (LecUher) flesh side, flesh; 

(Metal.) fiber; chair (of a rail). 

— fossile, a variety of asbestos. 
chaire,/, chair, professorship; pulpit. 
chals, m. « chai. 

chaise, /. chair; chaise; frame, framework; 

(Mach.) hanger. 
chalalt, imp. S sing, of chaloir. 
chaland, m. customer, patron; barge, lighter. 
chalcédolne, /. chalcedony. 
chalcographie, /. chalcography. 
chaloopyrite, /. (Min.) chalcopyrite. 
chalcoslne, /. (Min.) chalcocite. 
chftle, m. shawl. 
chaleur, /. heat. 

— blanche, white heat. 

— d*échauffement, the amount of heat re- 
quired to raise a given body a given tem- 
perature interval. 

— de combinaison, heat of combination. 

— de dissolution, heat of solution. 

— latente, latent heat (heat of fusion or of 

— rov4fe, red heat. 

— soudanie (or suarUe), welding heat. 

— spécifijgvs (or spéciale), specific heat. 
chaleureux, a. warm, ardent, hot-blooded. 
chaloir, v.i. matter, signify (used imperson- 


chalkollte, /. (Min.) chalcolite (torbemite). 
chalkopyrite, /. (Min.) chalcopyrite. 
chalkoslne, /. (Min.) chalcocite. 
chaloupe, /. launch. 
chalu, p.p. of chaloir. 
chalumeau, m. blowpipe; tube, pipe; reed; 

straw; Ume twig; (Music) wood-wind. 

— à bouche, mouth blowpipe. 

— A gaz, gas blowpipe, (gas) blast lamp, (gas) 
blut burner. 

— à soufflerie, blowpipe with bellows. 

— oxhydrique, ozyhydrogen blowpipe. 

— oxyacétylénique, oxyacetylene blowpipe. 
chalybé, a. chalybeate. 

chambertln, m. Chambertin (a red Burgundy 

chambourin, m. a kind of glass sand; a kind 

of green glass. 
chambranle, m. casing, case (as of a door); 

chambre, /. chamber; room; floor, story; 

(Metal.) cavity, blowhole, honeycomb. 

— à air, air chamber; (of pneumatic tires) 
inner tube. 

— à air comprimé, compressed-air chamber. 

— à gaz, gas chamber. 

— à poussière, dust chamber. 

— à vapeur, steam chamber, steam chest. 

— de Bôttcher, Bôttcher's moist ohAmber. 

uigiiized Dy '' 






) de combtutùmt combustion chamber, 

— de plomb, lead chamber. 

— des député», Chamber of Deputies. 

— humide^ moist chamber. 

— notre, {Photog.) camera. 

— syndicale, a body of syndics or representa- 
tives; a tribunal of a corporation. 

eliambré, a. chambered; specif., containing 
cavities, honeycombed. 

eliambrer, v.r. become honeycombed. 

ehamcftu, m. camel. 

ehamelle, /. female camel. 

eluiiiiols, m. chamois (animal or leather). 

chamolser, v.t. chamois. 

chMnolserie, /. chamois leather factory; cham- 
ois leather; chamoising. 

chamolseur, m. chamois dresser. 

ehamotte» /. (jCeram.) chamotte. 

ebamp, m. field; edge, long narrow side (as of 
a brick) ; (pi.) country. 

— de force, field of force. 

— de vue, — de vision, =» champ visueL 

— mtignétique, magnetic field. 

— toumani, rotating field. 

— visud, visual field, field of vision, field of 

de — , edgewise, edgeways, on edge. 

champagne, m. champagne (wine). — /. In 
the phrase fine champagne, a superior kind 
of brandy. 

ehampaKiilser, v.t treat (wine) after the 
method of making champagne. 

champêtre, a. rural, country. 

champignoa, m. fimgus; mushroom; mush- 
room-shaped object, as a rail head. 

Champlevé, a. as m. (Enameling) champlevé. 

ehanee, /. chance; luck, fortune. 

ehaneeler, v.i. stagger, totter; waver. 

chaneenx, a. hazardous; lucl^. 

Chanel, p.a. molded, moldy. 

ehandr, v.i. mold, become moldy. 

chandssnre, /. mold; moldiness. 

chancre, m. canker; (Med.) chancre. 

chandelier, m. chandelier, branched fixture; 
candlestick; an upright support, as the 
stanchion of a pump. 

— d'amphithéâtre, lecture-room fixture (for 
gas, water, etc.). 

— de jauge, (Ceram.) a gage consisting of a 
vertical rod with horizontal crossrods. 

chandelle, /. candle (esp. one containing tallow 
or other fat, as distinguished from bougie) ; 
vertical support, prop, stay, shore, stud; 
icicle; candlelight; artificial light. 

— à la baguette, dipped candle, so called from 
the rod from which the candles are sus^ 

— moulée, molded candle. 

— romaine. (Pyro.) Roman candle. 

chandellefie, /. candle factory or shop, chand- 

change, m. change; exchange. 

changé, p.a. changed; exchanged. 

changeant, p.a. changing, changeable, vari- 

changement, m. changing, change, alteration, 
variation; (Railways) switch. 
-^ d» mardrnt (Mach.) reversing gear. 

— d'«a*, change of state. 

changer, v.t. change; exchange. — v.t*. A r. 

— de, change. 

chant, m. singing; song; melody; chant; canto. 

chanter, v.^ ék i. sing; chant. 

chantier, m. yard (for storage or work); stand 

for barrels, gantry. 
chantignole, /^ bracket. 
chantonné, a. (of paper) defective. 
chantourner, v.t. (Tech.) cut in profile. 
chanvre, m. hemp. 

— de Calcutta, — de Chine, jute. 

— de la Nouvelle-Zélande, New Zealand flax 
(or hemp), Phonnium tenax. 

— de rinde, Indian hemp (Cannabis saOva, 
var. tndtoa). 

— de ManHle, Manila hemp, manila (from 
Musa textUis). 

— du Bengale, jute. 

— du Canada, Canadian hemp (Apocynum 

— femeUe, — porte-graine, female hemp. 

— mâle, male hemp. 
chanvreux, a. hempen, hemp. 

chape, /. cover, lid, cap, capping; (of a still) 
head; (of a balance) bearing; (Mach.) 
strap, clasp, catch, loop; (of a mold) cope; 
molding clay; bed in which tiles are set. 

chapean, m. hat; (Tech.) cap, cover, lid, t<9, 
head; (of a still) head; (of beer, etc.) head; 
(of a chimney) cowl, hood; felt; (Tin) a 
block of Malacca tin; (Mining) the altered 
top portion of a vein deposit; (Bot.) pileus. 

— defer, (Mining) gossan, "eisenhut." 
chapelet, m. chaplet (wreath, string of beads, 

or something resembling these); (on 
liquors) beads, bubbles; chain pump; 

— électrique, a set of fuses or charges con- 
nected so as to be fired simultaneously. 

chapelle, /. valve box, valve case; cylinder 
case; vault, arched part (of a furnace or 
the like) ; explosion chamber; chapel. 

chapellerie, /. hat making; hat trade; hat 

chaperon, m. hood; cover, cap, (of a wall) 
coping; chaperon. 

chapiteau, m. head, cap, cover, hood, dome, 
top; (of a still) head; (of a column) capital. 

chai^tre, m. chapter; subject, head. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





» m. oapon; young vine. 
chaque» a. each, every. 
ehar, m. car, chariot; cart, wagon. 

— d'astatU, (Jf ii.) tank. 
eharanfion, m. (Zoàl.) weevil. 

charbon, m. charcoal; char; coal; carbon (as in 
an electric cell or an arc light); (Med.) 
anthrax, charbon; (Agric.) smut. 

— àdeasin, drawing charcoal, olparcoal crayon. 

— à fiUrer, filtering charcoal. 

— à lumière, electric light carbon. 

— à mèche, cored carbon. 

— animal, animal charcoal. 

— artificiel, charcoal prepared by CM-bon- 
ising a prepared mixture (instead of wood 
or other natural material), synthetic char- 
coal (so called). 

— à souder, soldering carbon^ 

— bitumineux, bituminous coal. 

— collecteur, (Elec.) brush. 

— de hois, wood charcoal. 

— de comité, retort carbon, gas carbon. 

— de houiUe, coke; anthracite. 

— de lumière, lamp carbon, electric light 

— de Paria, a synthetic charcoal made from 
powdered charcoal, coal dust or the like, 
with pitch as a binder, and used as a bri- 
quetted fuel. 

— de pierre, stone coal (anthracite). 

— de saule, willow charcoal. 

— de aucre, a pure charcoal made from sugar. 

— d« terre, (mineral) coal. 

— de tourbe, peat coal. 

— de vinaaae, vinasse charcoal (esp. that from 
sugar beets). 

— électrique, electric carbon (either for arc 
light or for battery). 

— en poudre, charcoal dust, powdered char- 
coal; coal dust. 

— fulminant, fulminating charcoal (residue 
obtained by heating tartar emetic to white 

graphitique, graphitic carbon. 

— graa, fat coal, (broadly) soft coal. 

— incombuatible, anthracite. 

— luiaant, anthracite. 

— maigre, lean coal. 

— minércU, (mineral) coal. 

— plaatique, plastic coal. 

— pour piles, battery carbon. 

— roux, brown (or red) charcoal. 

— végétal, vegetable charcoal. 
charbonnage» m. coal mining; coal mine. 
charbonnallle» /. small coal (or charcoal); 

(Metal.) a mixture of cinders, sand and 
charbonné, p.a. charred; blackened, marked 
with black; drawn with charcoal; (Agric.) 

charbonnée, /. layer of charcoal. 
charbonner» v.t char; blacken with charcoal; 

polish with charcoal. — v.t. db r. char; 

deposit carbon. 
eharbonnette» /. wood for making chu'eoal. 
charbonneux, a. of the nature of, or contain- 
ing, charcoal or carbon, charry; (Med.) of 

or pertaining to anthrax. 
charbonnier, m. charcoal burner; charcoal (or 

coal) dealer; coke oven; stoker, fireman; 

coal cellar; collier. — a. pertaining to the 

charcoal or coal industry. 
charbonnière, /. chi^coal pit or oven. 
charcuterie, /. pork in various forms, or a 

place where these products are made or 

charcutlOT, m. pork butcher. 
chardon, m. thistle; teasel. 

— bénit, blessed thistle (Cnicua benedictua). 
chardonner, v.t. teasel. 

charge, /. charge (in various senses) ; load; bur- 
den; (Paper, etc.) loading; head, pressure 
(as of water) ; oJBBlce, responsibility. 

— admiaaible, working load. 

— amorce, priming charge. 

— brute, total load. 

— d'amorçage, priming charge. 

— d'épreuve, test charge; test load. 

— de rupture, breaking load. 

— diaaimulée, (Elec.) bound charge. 

— explosive, bursting charge. 

— induite, induced charge. 

— réaiduelle, residual charge. 

— utUe, useful load. 

en — , (Ceram.) by piling one upon another 
the articles to be fired. 

chargé, p.a. charged, etc. (see charger); (of 
liquids) turbid; (of the sky) overcast. — m. 
In such phrases as charge d^affairea (chargé 
d'affaires) and chargé de coura (one who 
conducts a university course altho not a 

charge-amorce, n. priming charge. 

chargement, m. charging, etc. (see charger); 
load, charge; registered letter. 

charger, v.t. charge; load; exaggerate; register 
(a letter). — v.r. (of liquids) become tur- 
bid; (of the sky) become overcast; (with 
de) charge oneself with, imdertake. 

chargeur, m. loader; charger; stoker. 

chariot, m. wagon; carriage, trolley, car, truck; 
(Mach.) carriage, carrier, slide, slide rest, 
traveler; chariot. 

charité, /. charity. 

charmant, p.a. charming. 

charme, m. charm; (Bot.) hornbeam. 

charmer, v.t. charm. 

charnière, /. hinge; (turning) joint. 
à — , with hinge(s), hinged. 

charnu, a. fleshy. 

uigitized by 





e» /. camon. 

rïiarpente)/. frame, framework; framing; tim- 
bering, carpentiy. 

cbarpenter, v.L frame, build, plan; cut for 

eharpenterie, /. carpentry. 

etaarpentter, m. carpenter. 

ébMTjfief f. lint. 

eharquer, v.^ dry (meat). 

ctaarree, /. ashes, lye ashes; iSoda) exhausted 
black ash, vat waste. 

charretée, /. cart load, cartful. 

charrette, /. (two-wheeled) cart. 

charriage, m. cartage; carrying. 

charrier, v,t. cart; carry. 

charroi, m. carriage, drayage. 

charroyer, v.t. cart, haul. 

charme, /. plow. 

charte, /. charter. 

chartré, a. chartered. 

chartreuse, /. chartreuse. 

t m. starch size; eye (of a needle). 

/. chase, hunting, pursuit; flooding, 
flushing; (of machinery) play; driving tool, 
set, setter, drift, punch, etc. 

châsse, /. knife edge (of a balance) ; mounting. 

chasser, v. t. drive out, expel; drive out, drive 
away; drive; propel; drive in; chase, pur- 
sue, hunt. 

chasseur, m. hunter; chasseur. — a. hunting, 
m. frame, framework; chassis; (of a 
window) sash; (Founding) flask; {P?iotog.) 
plate holder. 

r, m. dxTvesr (any of various tools). 

chat, m. oat. 

châtaigne, /. chestnut. 

— de cheval, — d'Inde), horse-chestnut. 

— duBréeil, brasil nut. 
châtaignier, m. chestnut tree. 
châtain, a. ék m. chestnut, chestnut brown. 
diâtaire, /. (Bot.) catnip. 

diâteau, m. castle; chateau. 

diatolement, cbtatolment, m. chatoyancy, 

diaton, m. kitten; (JBot) catkin; setting (of a 

ring) ; bexel. 
cliatonner, v.t set (a gem). 
cliatoulller, v.t. tickle. 
cluitojrant, p.a. chatoyant. 
diatojrement, m. » chatoiement. 
diatoyer, v.t. be chatoyant. 
ciiâtrer, v.t. castrate; prune. 
cliaud, a. hot; warm; fresh, recent; expensive. 

— m. heat. 
à — , with the use of heat, in a heated state, 

at a high temperature, hot. 
dtoude, /. heat, heating; brisk fire. 

— blanc de lune, — blanche, white heat. 

— graeee, melting heat; {Metal.) welding 

chaude rouge, red heat. 

— rouge cerise, cherry-red heat. 

— eotnbre, dark red heat. 

— soudante, — suante, welding heat. 
cbtaudlere, /. boiler; copper, caldron, kettle, 

pan; (Sugar, etc.) evaporator. 

— à bière, — à brasser, (Brewing) copper, 
brewing kettle. 

— à brai, pitch kettle. 

— à cuire, (Sugar) evaporator. 

— à goudron, tar pot, tar kettle. 

— à haute pression, high-pressure boiler. 

— alimerUaire, feed boiler. 

— à retour de flamme, return-flame boiler. 

— à tubes d'eau, water-tube boiler. 

— autoclave, autoclave. 

— à vapeur, steam boiler, boiler. 

— de fusion, lead pot. 

— de raffinage, refining boiler. 

— fixe, stationary boiler. 

— multitubulaire, water-tube boil». 

— sedionneUe, sectional boiler, water-tube 

eliaudra, fut. S sing, of chaloir. 

cbtaudron, m. kettle, (small) boiler, caldron, 

eliaudronnée, /. kettleful, boilerful. 

cliaudronnerie, /. coppersmith's trade; tin- 
man's trade; kettles, pans, etc. or a place 
where they are made. 

cliaudronnlw, m. coppersmith, brazil ; dealer 
in kettles, pans, etc. 

ebtaufrable, a. capable of being heated, heat- 

ciiaufEage, m. heating; warming; firing; fuel. 

— à vapeur, steam heating. 

eliauife, /. heating; firing; distillation; fire- 
place, hearth (of a fiunace) ; stokehole, fire- 
hole; furnace (of a foimdry); (Metal.) heat. 

cliauffer, v.t. heat; warm; fire, fire up; urge for- 
ward, push. — v.i. heat; warm; be heated. 
— v.r. get hot or warm; warm oneself. 

— bkmc, heat white-hot. 
cbtaufrerette, /. a small warming apparatus, as 

a foot warmer or a chafing dish. 

— à Vacétate, a warmer containing a super- 
saturated solution of sodium acetate, which 
gives ofiF heat on crystallizing. 

diaufferle, /. stokehole; range of boilers; 
(Iron) chafery. 

cltaufle-tubes, m. an apparatus for heating 
tubes; specif., an attachment which per- 
mits a combustion tube to be supported and 
heated over an ordinary Bunsen burner. 

cliaaireur, m. fireman, stoker; chauffeur. 

cliauire-?ln, m. a preheater for wine or other 
alcoholic liquid about to be distilled. 

ehaulToir, m. (Salt) one of the shallow basins 
in which sea water is subjected to the first 
stage of evaporatio/i. 

y Google 




, /. scaling of iron or steel due to 

overheating; btimt iron. 
chsufoiur, m. limekiln. 
chsufoumerie» /. lime burning. 
ch«afoamier, m. lime burner. 
chanlage, m. liming; whitewashing. 
chauler, v.t. treat with lime, lime; whitewash. 
chauUer, m. lime burner. 
chaume, m. culm, stem (of grasses); stubble; 

stubble straw; thatch. 
chausse, /. bag filter, filter bag. 
chaussée, /. road, roadway; ground floor; 

chausser, v.t. put on (stockings, etc.); fit, suit; 

hill, earth up (plants). 
chaussette, /. sock. 

chaussure, /. footwear; (of a pile) shoe. 
chaut, pr. S aing. of chaloir. 
chauYC-sourls, /. bat. 
chaux, /. lime; calx. 

— anhydre, quicklime. 

— (uoUe, crude calcium oyanamide (com- 
mercial name). 

— calcinée, quicklime. 

— caiL^ique, caustic lime, quicklime. 

— commune, common lime, quicklime. 

— de construction, building lime. 

— éteinte, slaked lime. 

— éteinte à see, air-slaked lime. 

— fiuatée, calcium fluoride (old name). 

— fuaie, slaked lime. 

— grasse, fat lime, rich lime. 

— hydratée, hydrated lime. 

— hydratdique, hydraiilic lime. 

— légères, hydraulic lime fines, separated by 

— lourde, a kind of hydraiilic lime which has 
been subjected to bolting to remove the 

— maigre, lean lime, poor lime. 

— métaUigue, metallic calx; a blue pigment 
said to be cobaltous arsenate. 

— morte, dead-burned lime, overbumed lime. 

— nitratée, nitrate of lime (calcium nitrate). 

— phosphatée, phosphate of lime (calcium 

— sodée, soda lime. 

— sulfatée, sulfate of lime (calcium sulfate). 

— WW, quicklime. 

chaux-aiote, m. (commercial) calcium cyan- 
amide, "Ume-nitrogen." 

chavlbetol, m. chavibetol. 

chavlca, n. (Bot.) any plant of the genus Piper. 

chaflrage, chavlremeat, m. upsetting, turn- 
ing upside down, capsising. 

chavirer, v.t. as i. upset, turn upside down, 
(Naut.) capsise. 

cheddlte, /. (Expl.) cheddite. 

chef, m. head; chief. 

— d'atelier, works manager. 

chef de file, leader; first member (of a series); 
(Afa.) file leader. 

— de placet (filass) foreman glassblower. 

— de travaux, a person in charge_of laboratory 
work but not lecturing. 

— d'oumriers, foreman. 

— du savonnage, (Olass) a workman who has 
charge of the supplementary grinding of 
mirror glass, and who marks the spots to 
be reground. 

— fondeur, (Qlass) foreman f oimder. 
en — , in chief; in charge. 

chef-ouTrier, m. master workman; foreman. 
chélldoine, /. (fiot.) celandine. 
chéUdonlne, /. chelidonine. 
chêlldonlque, a. chelidonic. 
chemin, m. way; path, track, ooiuve; road, 

— de fer, railway, railroad. 

— faisant, on the way, by the way. 

— ferré, metaled road, macadam road. 
cheminée, /. chimney; flue, stack, shaft, 

smokepipe, smoke fimnel ; fireplace, hearth; 
flame passage (as in a fuse or primer). 

— d'appel, ventilating flue, ventilating shaft. 

— pcarajour, a chimney which is also a shade, 
as on a magic lantern or a lamp for a micro- 

cheminement, m. advance, progress, travel- 

cheminer, v.t. go, travel, move on, advance. 

chemise, /. case, casing, jacket, mantle, shell, 
wrapper; lining; facing, revetment; shirt; 

— d'eau, water jacket. 

— de cylindre, cylinder jacket. 

— de vapeur, steam jacket. 

chemiser, v.t. (put a covering of some kind on), 

case, jacket, mantle, coat, lute. 
chenal, m. channel; gate (of a mold); gutter 

(of a roof). 
chenaux, pi. of chenal. 
chêne, m. oak (tree or wood). 

— à écorce, tanbark oak (any oak yielding 

— à feuilles persistantes (or vertes), evergreen 

— blanc, white oak, Quebec oak {Quercue 
alba) ; a subspecies of the British oak (it has 
been called Q. peduncvlata). 

— de mer, fucoid seaweed, sea oak. 

— des Indes, Indian oak, teak. 

— de vie, live oak. 

— liège, cork oak, cork (Quercus suber). 

— pédoncuU, a variety of the British oak (it 
has been called Quercus pedunculcUa) . 

— rouvre, British oak (Quercus robur). 

— saule, willow oak (Quercus pheUos). 

— vert, evergreen oak, specif, the holm oak 
(Quercus ilex). 

uigitized by 





i tfeuae, holm oak (Quercus Hex). 
ehènevls, m. hemp seed. 
chènevotte»/. woody i>art of hemp, boon, shive. 
chenille, /. caterpillar, larva (of a butterfly or 

moth); chenille. 
chénopode, m. ÇBot.) any member of the genus 

Chenopodium (goosefoot). 

— anthdmintiquet American wormseed 
(Chenopodium anthelminticum). 

chénopodée, chénopodl6e, /. (Bot.) any 
member of a tribe of planta including 
Chenopodium and other genera. 

chena» a. hoar, hoary. 

chèque» m. (Com.) check, cheque. 

cher, a. dear. — adv. dear, dearly. 

chercher, v.t. seek, look for, search for. 

aller — , go in quest of, go to bring, go and 

— d, try to, endeavor to. 

chercheur, m. finder* (optical instrument); 

research worker; searcher, seeker, hunter. 

— a. searching, exploring. 
ch^re, a. fern, of cher. — /. cheer. 
chèrement, adv. dearly, dear. 
chérir, v.t. cherish. 
cherté, /. deamess. 
Chester, m. Cheshire cheese. 
chéttf, a. poor, weak, wretched, mean. 
cheval, m. horse; horsepower; donkey engine. 
à — , astride, astraddle, on both sides; on 


— de force, horse power. 

— de vapeur, steam horse power; horse power. 

— électrique, electric horse power. 
cheval-an, m. horse-power year. 
chevalet, m. horse (in technical senses), frame, 

trestle, rack, stand; specif., (CRaea) a 
stand on which window-glass cylinders are 
laid; easel. 

— de rivière, (Leather) beam, tanner's beam. 

— trépied, three-legged stand, tripod. 
cheval-heure, m. horse-power hour. 
chevalier, m. knight. 
cheval-Jour, m. horse-power day. 
cheval-vapeur, m. horse power. 
chevauchement, m. lapping, overlapping. 
chevé, p.a. hollowed out. 

chevelu, a. hairy, bearded; long-haired. 

— m. hairy growth (as of rootlets), beard. 
chevelure, /. (head of) hair; (Aetron. A Boi.) 

coma; foliage. 
chever, v.t. hollow out. 
cheveu, m. hair. 

cheveux, m.p2. hairs; (collectively) hair. 
cheviUe, /. peg; pin, bolt, spike, key, dowel. 
cheviller, v.t. peg, pin, bolt. 
chevillette, /. (small) peg, (small) pin. 
chèvre, /. goat, she-goat; derrick, gin, jack, 

chevreau, m. kid (animal and leather). 

chèvrefeuille, /. (fioi:) honeysuckle. 

chevrette^ /. (small) &ty, jack. 

chevreuil, m. roe deer. 

chevrotain, m. musk deer. 

chevrotin, m. kid leather, kid; fawn; musk 

chevrotine, /. buckshot. 
chei, prep, at the house of, at the home of, 

among, with; (with verbs of motion) to the 

home of, to. 

— moi, — «o», — lui, at home. 

de — moi, from my home, from home. 

diiaMC, /. (Métal:) dross, scum. 

chibou, m. cachibou, cachibou resin. 

chicane, m. bafSe, bafi9e plate; obstacle; chi- 
sn — , in the manner of bafSe plates, with 
broken joints, staggered. 

chicané, a. provided with bafiSes. 

chicorée, /. chicory. 

chien, m. dog (animal or gripping device); a 
small car running on rails, for use in facto- 
ries; (of firearms) hanmier, cocking piece. 

chiendent, m. couch grass; (Pharm^) triticum. 

— de mer, — marin, wrack, sea wrack. 

— fossile, amianthus. 

— officinal, Agropyron repens. 
chlflTon, m. rag; scrap; (pi.) dress, fashions. 

— d'eseuyage, wiping cloth, dust cloth. 
chiffonier, m. rag man, junk man; chiffonier. 

— a. pertaining to rags or junk. 
chilhage, m. numbering, etc. (see chiffrer); 

chifflraison, /. graduation figures, graduation. 
chifllre, m. figure; numeral, digit; cipher. 

— d'affaires, volume of business. 
chilhrer, v.t. number; express in figures; write in 

cipher. — v.i. cipher, calculate. 
chimiatre, m. iatrochemist. 
chimiatrie, /. chemiatry, iatrochemistry. 
chimiatrique, a. chemiatric, iatrochemical. 
chimiatriquement, adv. iatrochemically. 
chimico-légal, a. chemico-legal. 
chlmioo-physique, a. chemico-physical. 
chimie, /. chemistry. 

— agricole, agricultural chemistry. 

— alimentaire, food chemistry. 

— analytique, analytical chemistry. 

— appliquée, applied chemistry. 

— biologique, biological chemistry. 

— industrielle, industrial chemistry. 

— inorganique, inorganic chemistry. 

— minérale, inorganic chemistry. 

— organique, organic chemistry. 

— technique, technical chemistry. 

— théorique, theoretical chemistry. 

— végétale, plant chemistry. 
chlmie-physlque, /. physical chemistry. 
chlmio-. chemo-. 
chlmiotactique, a. chemotactic 

uigiiized Dy '' 





ehlmiotaxie, /. chemotazis. 
chimiothérapie» /. chemotherapy. 
chlmlotroplque, a. chemotropic. 
chlmlotroplsme» m, chemotropism. 
chimique, a. chemical. 
chimiquement, adv. chemically. 

— pur, chemically pure. 

chlmlqueur» m. (Matches) composition attend- 

chlmlsme, m. chemiam (esp. in the senae of 
chemical phenomena). 

chimiste» m. chemist. 

— analyste, = chimiste-analyste. 

— d'industrie, industrial chemist. 

— indienneur, chemist in a calico printery, 
print chemist. 

— organicien, organic chemist. 

— spécialiste, one who is a specialist in some 
particular branch of chemistry, specialudng 

chimiste-analyste, m. ana^ical chemist (esp. 
one who has completed the regular three- 
year course and received a diploma). 

ehlmlste-oolorlste, m. color chemist, dye 

chlmltyple, /. chemitypy, chemitype. 

chlmolne, m. a kind of imitation marble. 

china, m. chinaroot (from Stnilax china); cin- 
chona bark, Peruvian bark. 

chlnage, m. clouding (as of fabrics). 

chlni^irass, m. ramie, China grass. 

Chine, /. China. 

chiner, v.t cloud (as fabrics), render chiné. 

chinois, a. Cbineae. 

chln^ne, /. quinoline. 

chlnone, /. quinone. 

Chlo, m. {Metal.) taphole. 

chlpage, m. (JLeaJher) infiltration. 

Chiper, t.t. {Leather) infiltrate with tan liquor. 

chiquer, v.t. & i. chew. 

chlrette, /. {Bot. & Pharm.) chirata. 

chirurgical, a. surgical. 

cUrurgle, /. surgery. 

chirurgien, m. surgeon. 

chlrurglque, a. surgical. 

chitine, /. chitin. 

chloracétate, m. chloroacetate, chloracetate. 

chloracétlque, a. chloroacetic, chl(n:acetic. 

chlorage, m. chloring. 

chloral, m. chloral. 

chloralamlde, /. chloralamide. 

chlorallmlde, n. chloralimide. 

chloralose, n. chloralose. 

clil<mimldure, m. chloramide, chloroamide. 

— de mercure, mercury chloramide, amino- 
mercuric chloride. 

chloranlle, m. chloranil. 
chlorate, m. chlorate. 

— de potasse, potassium chlorate, chlorate of 

chlorate de soude, sodium chlorate. 

chlorate, a. containing chlorate, chlorate (as, 

poudre chlorate, chlorate powder). 
chloratlon, /. chlorination. 
chlorazotlque, a. nitrohydrochloric, nitromuri- 

chlore, m. chlorine. 

— liquide, liquid chlorine; {Pharm.) chlorine 

chloré, p.a. chlorinated, containing chlorine, 

chlorebeniène, m. chlorobenzene. 
chloréthyle, m. ethyl chloride, chloroethane. 
chloreux, a. chlorous. 
chlorhydrate, m. hydrochloride, chlorhydrate. 

— d'ammoniaque, ammonium chloride. 
chlorhydrlne, /. chlorohydrin, chlorhydrin. 

— chromique, chromyl chloride. 

— sulfurique, chlorosulf onic acid. 
chlorhydrlque, a. hydrochloric. 
chlorlque, a. chloric. 
chlorite, m. chlorite. 

chloroamldure, chloro-amldure, m. » chlor- 

chloro-antlmonlé, a. containing, or combined 
with, chlorine and antimony. 

clll<Nro«ar8énlaté, a. {Min.) containing or com- 
bined with chlorine and arsenic acid. 

chloro-aurlque, a. chlorauric. 

chlorobenzlne, /. chlorobenzene. 

chlorobromé, a. containing, or combined with, 
chlorine and bromine, bromochloro. 

chloro-earbonaté, a. chlorocarbonate of. 

chlorochromlque, a. chlorochromic. 

chloro-éthyllne, /. chlorethylin, chloroethylin 
(compound of the type ClR"OCiHi). 

chloroformatlon, /. chloroforming. 

chloroforme, m. chloroform. 

chloroformer, v.t. chloroform. 

chloroformlate, m. chloroformate. 

chloroformlque, a. cbloroformic, of or pertain- 
ing to chloroform; chloroformio (add). 

chloroformlsatlon, /. chloroforming, chloro- 

chloroformlser, v.t. chloroform, chloroform- 

chloromètre, m. chlorometer. 

chlorométrie, /. chlorometry. 

chlorométrlque, a. chlorométrie. 

chloronltré, a. containing or combined with 
chlorine and the nitro group, chloronitro. 

chlorophylle, /. chlorophyll, chlorophyl. 

chlorophyllien, a. of or pertaining to chloro- 

chl<»oplcrlne, /. chloropicrin. 

chloroplatlnate, m. chloroplatinate. 

— d'ammoniaque, ammonium chloroplati- 

chloroplatlnlque, a. chloroplatinic. 
chlorose, /. chlorosis. 

uigitized by 





chloiosel» m. chloro salt, double chloride. 
ehloTOsalistltué, a. chloro-substituted, chloro. 
ehloiosillfoné, a. containing or combined with 

chlorine and the sulfonic group, chlorosulfo. 
ehloiosulftare» m. chloroeulfide. 
chloroxycftrbonlque» a. In the phrase ether 

cMoroxycarboniquet ethyl chloroformate. 
elllonirage, m. chlorination, etc. (see chlorurer) ; 

(,P?iotog.) specif., intensification with gold 

cliloniraiit» p.a. chlorinating, etc. (see chlo- 
rurer). — m. chl(Hinating agent, chloridizing 

cbloiuntloii» /. chlorination, etc. (see chlo- 

chlorure, m. chloride. 

— acide, acid chloride. 

— calcique, calcium chloride. 

— d'acétyle, acetyl chloride. 

— d'arUiTnoine, antimony chloride. 

— d^argent, silver chloride. 

— d'azote, nitrogen chloride. 

— de baryum, barium chloride. 

— de carbone, carbon chloride, specif, carbon 

— de chatuc, chloride of lime, bleaching pow- 
der, chlorinated lime. 

— de chaux liquide, (Pharm.) solution of 
chlorinated Ume. 

— décolorant, a chlorine compound that 
bleaches, as bleaching powder or a hypo- 

— de cuivre, copper chloride, specif, cupric 

— de fer, iron chloride, specif, ferric chloride. 

— de Julin, hezachlorobenzene. 

— de mercure, mercury chloride. 

— de mercure (M), mercuric chloride. 

— de mercure (proto), mercurous chloride. 

— de méthyle, methyl chloride, chlorometh- 

— de phosphore, phosphorus chloride. 

— de phosphore (per), phosphorus penta- 

— de platine, platinum chloride, specif, pla- 
tinic chloride. 

— de plomb, lead chloride. 

— de potasse, eau de Javel, Javel water. 

— de potassium, potassium chloride. 

— de sodium, sodium chloride. 

— de soude, — de soude liquide, solution of 
chlorinated soda, Labarraque's solution. 

— de soufre, sulfur chloride, specif, the mono- 
chloride, SiCIs. 

— d'étain, tin chloride. 

— d'étain (proto), stannous chloride. 

— d*éthyle, ethyl chloride, chloroethane. 

— de zinc liquide, (Pharm.) solution of zinc 

— d*or, gold chloride, specif, auric chloride 

ehlontre ferreux, ferrous chlwide. 

— ferrique, ferric chloride. 

— ferrique liquide, (Pharm.) solution of ferrio 

— mercureux, mercurous chloride. 

— mercurique, mercuric chloride. 

— stanneux, stannous chloride 
cbloniré, p.a. chlorinated, chloridiced, contain- 
ing chlorine. 

chlorurer, v.t. chlorinate, chloridize, chloridate. 
(Chlorinate always implies impregnation 
or combination with chlorine; chloridize 
and chloridate, esp. the latter, may also 
denote impregnation with a chloride. 
Chlorurer is used in both senses.) 

choc, m. shock, collision, impact; knocking. 

— direct, normal impact. 

— oblique, oblique impact. 
ehoeolat, m. & a. chocolate. 

— au lait, milk chocolate. 

— en poudre, chocolate powder. 
chocolaterle, /. chocolate manufacturer; choc- 
olate factory. 

chocolatier, m. chocolate maker or dealer. 

choeur, m. chorus; choir. 

choir, t.i. fall. 

choisi, p.a. chosen, picked, selected; select, 
choice. — m. choice article; chosen per- 

choisir, v.t. choose, select, pick. 

choix, m. choice, selection. 
de — , (with a noun) preferred, best. 

cholagogue, m. & a. (Med.) cholagog(ue). 

cholémle, /. (Med.) cholemia,. cholœmia. 

cholérique, a. (Med.) cholera, choleraic. 

cholestérlne, /. cholesterol, eholesterin. 

cholestérlqne, a. cholesteric. 

chollhémle, /. (Med.) cholihemia. 

choline, /. choline. 

cholurle, /. (Med.) choluria. 

chômage, m. stoppage, standing idle, inactiv- 
ity, dead season, slack time. 

chômer, v.i. suspend work, stand idle; not to 
work; be out of work; stand in need. 

chondrlne, /. chondrin. 

chondrogène, a. chondrigenous. — m. chon- 

choquer, v.t. strike against, collide with; at* 
tack; shock. 

choree, /. (Med.) chorea. 

chor^de, /. (Anat.) choroid. 

chose, /. thing; matter, affair; property. 
quelque — , something, anything. 

chou, m. cabbage. 

— palmiste, palm cabbage; cabbage palm. 

— potager, common cabbage. 

— vert, kale. 

choux de Bruxelles, Brussels sprouts. 
choucroute, /. sauerkraut, pickled cabbage. 
chouette, /. owl. 

ijigiiizea Dy 



r, m. cauliflower. 

etaou-rave, m. kohl-rabi. 

ehoiiz» pi. of chou. 

chrême» m. chrism, consecrated oil. 

ehrêtleii, a. Christian. 

chrlste-iiimrine, /. {Bot.) samphire, specif, sea 
samphire (Crithinum maritimum) and 
marsh samphire or glasswort (/Salicomia 

ehiomatable, a. (Dyeing) chromable. 

Chromatage, m. chromatins, {Dyeing) chrom- 

cbfomate» m. chromate. 

— {bi) de poUuse^ potassium dichromate, 
potassium bichromate. 

— de baryte, barium chromate. 

— de plomb, lead chromate. 

— de potasse, potassium chromate. 
chiomaté» p.a. chromated, chromed; chro- 
mate of. 

ehromater» v.t. chromate, {Dyeing) chrome. 

ebfomatle» /. chromatism. 

ehiomattne» /. (Biol.) chromatin. 

cliioiiiatlque» a. chromatic. 

chiomatlqaeiiient, adv. chromatically. 

chiomatlser» v.t. render chromatic. 

chiomatlsme, m. chromatism. 

ehiomatogène» a. chromogenic. — m. chro- 

chronie, m. chromium, (in certain phrases) 

ehioiné» a. containing or combined with chro- 
mium; (Leather) chrome-tanned. 

eliiomicyaniire, m. chromicyanide. 

chiomiqae, a. chromic. 

ehiomlte» n. chromite. 

— de fer, {Min.) chromite, chrome iron 

ehiomoere, m. chrome ocher (earthy impure 

chiomocyaniire, m. chromocyanide. 
chiomogène» a. chromogenic. — m. chro- 

ehromogénlque» a. chromogenic. 
chiomoplille» a. (Biol.) chromophilous. 
ctaromophotosraplile, /. chromophotography. 
chromosphere» n. {Astron.) chromosphere. 
chfomosulffarlque» a. chromosulfuric. 
chromotropique» a. chromotropic (acid). 
ehromyle» m. chromyl. 
chronique» a. chronic. — /. chronicle. 
chronon^tre» m. chronometer. 
chronométrique» a. chronometric(al). 
chrysalide, /. chrysalis. 
ehrysamine, /. {Dyes) chrysamine. 
chrysanlline, /. chrysaniline. 
chrysanthème» m. chrysanthemum. 
ehrysaroblne» /. chrysarobin. 
chrysène» m. chrysene. 
chrysobéryl» chn^sobérll, m. chrysoberyl. 

$ del 

chrysocale, chrysochalque, m. an imitation 
gold composed of copper, tin and zinc. 

ehrysocoUe, /. {Min.) chrysocolla. 

ehrysoldlne» /. {Dyes) chrysoidine. 

ehrysoilthe» /. (Afin.) chrysolite. 

ehrysophaiilque, a. chrysophanic. 

chrysoprase, /. {Min.) chrysoprase. 

chu» p.a. fallen. 

chuchoter» v.i. & t. whisper. 

chute,/, fall; falling; failure; {Metal.) rejected 
end of an ingot. 

— (Teau, waterfall; head of water. 

— de potenHd, fall of potential, drop of poten- 

— du bas, {Metal.) rejected lower end. 

— du haut, {Metal.) rejected upper end. 
chylalre» a. chylous, chylaceous. 
chyle» m. chyle. 

chyleux» a. chylous, chylaceous. 

chyllfler, v.t. chylify. 

chylurle, /. {Med.) chyluria. 

chyme» m. (Physiel.) chyme. 

chymlfler, v.t. chymify. 

Chypre, /. Cyprus. 

Chypre, m. Cyprus wine. 

df adv. h^re; now. {Ci may be attached to a 
word to limit the meaning of ce, cette, 
celui, etc.; as, cette homme-ci, this man; 
celui-ci, this one, this, the latter. Its oppo- 
site is là. Ci is also used in accounts to 
indicate a product; as, 6 cornues à 1 franc, 
ci 6 francs.) 
de — , de là, here and there. 
par — , par là, here and there; now and then; 
hither and thither. 

d-après, adv. below, hereafter. 

dble» /. target. 

ciboulette» /. chives. 

cicatrice» /. scar, cicatrix. 

cicatrisant» p.a. cicatrisive, cicatrisant. — m. 

cicatrisation» /. cicatrization. 

cicatriser» v.t. cicatrize, heal; cicatrize, scar. 

ci-oontre» adv. opposite. 

clcutaire» /. ^ ciguë. 

dcutine, /. cicutine. 

d-dessous» adv. below, imderneath. 

d-dessus» adv. above. 

ci-devant» adv. formerly, previously. — a. 
former, late, ex-. 

ddre» m. cider. 

— doux, sweet cider, new cider. 
ddrerle» /. cider factory, cider mill. 
C^% abbrev. (Compagnie) Company, Co. 

ddf m. sky; heaven; roof (as of a mine); 

crown, top (as of a furnace or boiler); 

à — couvert, under cover, 
d — ouvert, under the open sky, without cover. 





cM cowtert, clouded sky, cloudy weather. 
dergo» m. candle, wax candle (eep. for cere- 
monial use); (JBot.) cereua; (Bot.) mullein. 

— à grandes fleurs, night-blooming cereus. 
derser, v.t. wax. 

dergler, m. one who makes or sells wax can- 
deux, pi. of del. 
dgaref m. dgar. 

dgocne» /. stork; crank, crank lever. 
dgue» /. (fiot.) hemlock. 

— officinale^ — ordinaire, Conium maculaium, 

— vireuse, water hemlock {Cieuta viroea), 
d-Jolnt, a. given herewith, annexed. 

dl, m. eyelash; (fiioL, pi.) cilia. 

dUalre; a. ciliary. 

dller, v.t. wink, blink. 

dme, /. summit, top; (fiot.) cyme. 

dment» m. cement. 

— à prise lente, slow-setting cement. 

— à prise rapide, quick-setting cement. 

— ainné, reinforced cement. 

— artifleiel, artificial cement. 

— de Boutogne, Roman cement. 

— defer, iron-rust cement (Fe, S, NH4CI). 

— de grappiers, see grappiers. 

— de laitier, — de scories, slag o«nent. 

— fondu, alumina cement. 

— hydraulique, hydraulic cement. 

— métallique, metallic cement. 

— naturel, natural cement. 

— Portland, Portland cement. 

— pouxtolane, posauolanic cement, poiiuo- 

— promjd, quick-setting cement. 

— romain, Roman cement. 
dmentalre» a. pertaining to cement, cement. 
dmentatlon, /. cementation. 
dmenter, v.t. cement; (Glass) varnish. 
dmentler, m. cement maker or user. 
dmetlère, m. cemetery. 

clmolée» /. cimolite; pipeclay; the oose from 

a grindstone. 
dnabarin» a. vermilion. 
dnabre» m. cinnabar; (as a color) vermilion. 

— d'antimoine, antimony cinnabar, antimony 

— vert, green cinnabar (green pigment con- 
taining chrome yellow and Prussian blue). 

dndiona» m. cinchona. 

dnchoBUiintne, /. cinchonamine. 

dnchonlcliie» /. cinchonicine. 

dnetaonldlne» /. cinchonidine. 

dnchonlne, /. dnchonine. 

dnchonlnlqae» a. cinchoninic (4-quinoline- 

dnehonlqae, a. cinchonic. 
acide — , cinchonic acid (tetrahydro-6-keto-l, 
2-P3nran-3,4-dicaiboxylic add); less prop- 
erly, dndioninic add. 

dnénuitlqae, a. kinematio(al). — / kine- 

dnématlqaeiiieiit, adv. kinematically. 

dnène» m. cinene (dipentene, inactive limo- 

dnéol» m. dneole, cineol. 

dnératloiit /. dneration, incineration. 

dnérlforme, a. in the form of or resembling 

dnérlte, /. a fine-grained tufa. 

dnétlqae» a. kinetic. — /. kinetics. 

— chimique, chemical kinetics. 
dnglage, m. (Metal.) shingling; sailing, course. 
dnglard, m. shingling hammer. 

dngler, v.t. (Afetcrf.) shingle; Uish, switch. 

dnglo^esse, /. shingling tongs. 

dngleiir, m. shingler, squeezer. — a. shingling. 

— rotatif, a>iingljng rolls. 
diigleiue, /. (Metal.) shingler, squeeser. 
dnnabre, m. » cinabre. 

dmuune, m. cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum 

spedes); cinnamon. 
dnnamelne, /. cinnameln. 
dnnamene, m. dnnamene (styrene). 
dmumiiqiie» a. dnnamic. 
dniumiomey dnnanione, m. « dnname. 
dmunnyle, m. dnnamyl. 
dnq, a. A m. five; fifth. 
dnqiiantatne, /. fifty (as a round number); 

fiftieth year or anniversary. 
dnqiiante, a. fifty; fiftieth. — m. fifty. 
dnquantlèiiiea a. & m. fiftieth. 
dnqulème, a. & m. fifth. 
dntrmge, m. bending, etc. (see dntrer); spedf., 

plate bending. 
dntre» m. bend, curve, bow, arch. 
cintré» p.a, bent, etc. (see dntrer). 
dntrement» m. bending, etc. (see cintrer). 
dntrer, t.t. bend, curve, bow, arch, camber. 
dpolln» m. dpolin, cipolino (marble). 
drage, m. waxing, etc. (see cirer); blacking 

(for shoes); polishing (of leather); polish 

(for leather) ; varnish. 
dreonfërenoe» /. circumference. 
dreonflexe» a. circumflex; crooked, twisted. 
dreonlocutlon» /. circumlocution. 
dreonscrlption, /. circumscription; subdivi- 

mon, dividon (limited area). 
dreonscvlre, x.t. circumscribe. 
dreonstance, /. circumstance. 
dreult, m. circuit. 

— amortissvwr, (Elec.) damping circuit. 

— d'alimentation, (Elec.) supply circuit. 

— de charge, (^lec.) charging circuit. 

— de décharge, (Elec.) discharging circuit. 

— dérivé, (Elee.) derived circuit, shunt circuit. 

— primaire, (^lec.) primary circuit. 

— secondaire, (Elec.) secondary circuit. 
hors — » (Elec.) disconnected. 

drenlalre, a. oiroular. — /. circular; drde. 

uigiiized Dy '' 


drculairement 70 


drenlalrenieiit, adv. circularly. 
drculAiit, p.a. circulating, in circulation. 
drcQlarlte, /. circularity. 
drealatlon, /. circulation; (Com.) traffic. 
drenlatoire, a. circulatory. 
drculer» v.i. circulate; move round. 

faire — t circulate; cause to move about. 
dre» /. wax; wax candle. 

— à cacheter, sealing wax. 

— blanche, white wax. 

— d*abeille(.8), beeswax. 

— de Chine, Chinese wax. 

— de drier, myrtle wax. 

— de myrica, myrtle wax. 

— de palmier, palm wax. 

— dee doreurs, gilder's wax. 

— d'Espagne, Spanish wax, sealing wax. 

— du Japon, Japan wax. 

— foseOe, fossil wax, oeresin. 

— jaune, yellow wax. 

— minérale, mineral wax, ozocerite. 

— vierge, virgin wax. 

die» p.a. waxed, etc. (see cirer). 

drer, v.t. wax; black (shoes); polish (leather); 
varnish; waterproof. 

dreux» a. waxy. 

drier» m. wax myrtle (Myrica sp., esp. M. 
cerifera) ; wax chandler. — a. wax-produc- 

clron, m. (Zo6l.) mite. 

drrhose, /. (Med.) cirrhosis. 

dnire, m. waxing, coating of wax. 

dsalllsge, m. shearing, cutting. 

dsallle, /. clippings, parings (from coins) ; (p2.) 
shears (for cutting metal, trimming hedges 
or the Uke), nippers (for wire), cutter (for 
trimming paper). 

dsaillement» m. shearing; shearing stress; 

dsalUer» v.t. shear, cut (with shears). 

dseaa» m. chisel; (pi, dseaux), scissors, 
(small) shears. 

— à bois, wood chisel. 

— à chaud, hot chisel. 

— à froid, cold chisel. 

— de calfat, calking iron. 

dseler» v.t. chisel, cut; chase, engrave. 

dselure, /. chasing, engraving; chased work. 

dsoires» bench shears. 

dssolde, /. (Math.) cissoid. 

dtatloiiy /. citation. 

^iéf f. city. — p.a. cited. 

dter, v.t. cite. 

dterne, /. cistern; water boat. 

dtemeau» m. small cistern. 

dtoyen, m., dtoyenne» /. citizen. 

dtmconlqiie» a. citraconic. 

dtngon» m. garden balm (Melissa officinalis). 

dtnte, m. citrate. 

— d'ammoniaque^ ammonium citr^tç. 

dtnte d'ammoniaque liquide, (Pharm.) solu- 
tion of ammonium citrate. 

— de lithine, lithium citrate. 

— de potasse, potassium citrate. 

— de sesquioxyde de fer, ferrie citrate. 

— de soude, sodium citrate. 
dtrène» /. citrene, d-limonene. 
dtriilt a. citrine. 

dtrine» /. lemon oil. 

dtrique, a. dtrio. 

dtro-magnésleii» a. In the phrase liqueur 
citro^magnésienne, an ammoniacal magne- 
sium citrate solution used to precipitate 
phosph(»*ic acid. 

dtron, m. lemon; any fruit from the genus 
Citrus mediea (including lemon, lime and 
citron) . — a. lemon-colored, lemon-yellow. 

dtroniUMle, /. lemonade. 

dtronné» a. like, or smelling of, lemons; 
flavored with lemon. 

dtronndlal, m. dtronellal. 

dtronneUe, /. (Bot.) citronella, esp. citronella 
grass (Andropogon nardus); a liqueur 
flavored with lemon peel. 

dtronndllque, a. dtronellic 

dtronneUol) m. citronellol. 

dtronnler, m. lemon tree (Citrus mediea li- 
mon); any tree of the species C. mediea 
(including lemon, lime and citron trees); 
any tree of the genus Citrus (including trees 
bearing citrous fruits of all kinds). 

dtroallle» /. pumpkin. 

dvette» /. civet (the perfume); civet, civet 

dvlère» /. (hand) barrow. 

dril» a. civil; civilian. — m. dvilian. 

driUsateUTy a. civilizing. 

drillsation» /. civilization. 

drillser, v.t. dvilize. 

dide, /. screen, sieve; hurdle. 

dalm, didn» m. auriferous groimd. 

dalr, a. (of fire, etc.) bright; (of colors, rooms, 
etc.) light; clear; thin; (of doth) flimsy; 
(of money) available. — m. li^t; (of 
cloth) thin part. — adv. clearly, clear. 

— semé, thinly sown, scattered. 
dalrçage, m. clearing, purging (esp. the free- 
ing of sugar crystals from mother liquor 
by water, sirup, centrifugalizing or other 

datrce, m. (Sugar) clearing sirup, clairce. 

datrcer, dalrdr, v.L clear, purge (see clair^ 

datre, /. bone ash; boiler for sugar refin- 

daire-étoffe, /. an alloy of tin and lead. 

clairement, adv. clearly, plainly. 

dalre-soudure» /. » daire-étoffe. 

dalret» a. rather light (in color) ; rather thin. 
— m- rç4 wine of li^ht colort 

uigiiized Dy '' 





dftiiette» /. a white sparkling wine of the Midi 
(also, the variety of grape from which this 
wine is made) ; a disease of silk worms. 

elJdre-TOle» /. openwork, lattice, grating; sky- 
à — , in openwork, latticed; (of fabrics) open, 

èfaiineiiié, a. thinly sown, scattered, scarce. 

elataToyant, a. clear-sighted. 

elamaader, v.t clamp. 

clamcan, m. clamp, cramp, dog; vise. 

elapet» m. clack valve, clack, flap valve. 

— à couronne^ cup valve. 
dapoter, v.i. ripple. 

daquer» v.t. et i. clap, smack, crack. 
elarlllaiit» p.a, clarifying. — m. clarifying 

agent, clarifier, fining. 
cUriflcatlon, /. clarification 
cUrifler, v.t, as r. clarify. 
darifleiiTy m. clarifier. 
darté» /. light; clearness, specif, transparency, 


— du jouTt daylight. 

— du aoleUt sunlight. 
ciMse, /. class. 

dmsMmeiity m. classification, classing. 

dftsser, v.t. classify, class. 

classeur, m. classifier (as for ore); letter file. 

dasslllcatloii, /. classification. 

dasslller, v.t. classify. 

dasslqae, a. classic, classical. 

élastique, a. clastic. 

dausthallte, /. (Min.) clausthalite. 

davaller, m. (Bot.) prickly ash (Zanthoxylum, 
esp. Z. americanum); (Pharm.) zanthoxy- 

clavecin, m. harpsichord. 
ftl de — f piano wire. 

elavel, m. an inferior kind of soda. 

daTelée, /. sheep poz. 

daTetage, m. keying. 

daTeter, v.t. key, fasten with keys or cot- 

davettage, m. » clavetage. 

davette, /. key, pin, peg, cotter. 

— de serrage, tightening key. 
clavetter, v.t. » daveter. 

dayon, m. small screen, sieve or grating; small 
hurdle; wattle. 

def, dé, /. key (in various senses) ; key, plug 
(of a stopcock) ; wrench ; hook (of a chain) ; 
keystone; knot, hitch; (Plass) a piece of 
earthenware fitting over the cracked side 
of a pot and serving to hold it together. 

— à béquille, spanner. 

— à écrotu, screw wrench, nut wrench, span- 

— à molette, a wrench with jaws adjusted by 
turning a small wheel. 

— anglaise, monkey wrench 

def ^appd, call button. 

— de calage, adjusting key, tightening key. 

— de tirage, damper. 

— d'interruption, {Elec.) make-and-break key. 

— ouverte, spanner. 
Clématite, /. ÇBot.) clematis. 

derc, m. clergyman; scholar, savant; clerk. 

dieliage, m. stereotyping, stereotypy. 

cUché, m. engraved plate or block (for print- 
ing), cut, engraving; stereotype plate, 
cliché; (Photog.) negative. — a. stereo- 

— à demi-teintes, half-tone cut, half-tone. 

— de projection, lantern slide. 

— négatif, negative. 
clicher, v.t. stereotype. 

client, fit. customer; patient; client. 

clientèle, /. patronage, custom, customers; 

dimat, m. climate. 

climatique, a. climatic. 

din d'oeil, twinkling of an eye. 

clinique, a. clinic, clinical. — /. clinic. 

clinomètre, m. clinometer. 

clinorhonibique, a. dinorhombio (mono- 

dlnquant, m. tinsel, imitation gold or silver 
foil. — a. tinseled, glittering. 

diquet, m. click, catch, detent, pawl, ratchet. 

cliqueter, v.i. click, clank. 

cliquetis, m. clank, clanking, jingle, jingling. 

disse, /. screen, mat (as for cLraining cheese) ; 
wicker cover for a bottle; splint. 

disse, p.a. wickered; wicker. 

disser, v.t. wicker, cover with wicker; {Med.) 

divable, a. cleavable. 

clivage, m. cleavage. 

diver, v.t. cleave. 

cloche, /. bell jar, bell glass; bell (in various 
senses); cover (for a dish); blister; (Ce- 
ram.) bubble, bleb; (Biol.) a covered glass 
dish for plate cultures, serum, etc. 

— à cultures, culture dish (with cover). 

— d douiUe, open-top bell jar, bell jar having 
a mouth or tubulation at the top. 

— à vide, vacuum bell jar (with lower edge 
ground to fit air-tight). 

docher, v.t. cover with a bell jar. 

dochette, /. Uttle bell jar; little bell; bell 

doison, /. partition, septum. 

cloisonnage, m. partition work. 

cloisonné, p.a. divided into compartments; 
cellular; cloisonné. i 

cloisonnement, m. partitioning; partition. ' 

cloisonner, v.t. partition, divide into compart- 

donique, a. (Med.) clonic. 

dore, v.t. dose; inclose. — v.i. close, shut. 

uigiiizea Dy 





doSy p.a, oloeed, indoeed, shut, ended. — m. 
inolosure, close; specif., vineyard. 

— de vignct vineyard. 

dOM» a. fem. of clos. — pr. ï à: S sing. svbj. 

of clore. 
doseau, doserie, m. small inclosure; small 

dot, pr. S ting, of dore. 
dOture» /. dose, doeins» conclusion; inclosure 

(something that incloses), fence, wall, etc.; 

dôturer, v.t. close. 
doil, m. nail; spike, stud, rivet, (shoe) peg. 

— à rivcTt rivet, riveting nail. 

— aromatique^ clove. 

— d tête perdue^ brad. 

— de bouche, tack. 

— de ffiroflet dove. 

— d* épingle, brad; wire naiL 

— de eoufflet, tack. 

— en forUe, cast naiL 

— mécanique, machine-made nail. 

— zinffué, galvanised nail. 
douage, doaement, m. nailing. 
dou-éplnsle, n. brad. \ 
douer, v.t. nail; spike, rivet, pin. 

dou telle, /. nail factory; nail trade. 

dupélne, /. clupeine. 

cm, (tbbrev. (centimètre) centimeter. 

cmo, cm*, abbrev. (centimètre cube) cubic cen- 
timeter, cu. cm., oc. 

cmQ, cili% dbbrev. (centimètre carré) square 
centimeter, sq. cm. 

ooagglutliilne, /. coagglutinin. 

OOASUl^l^Uité, /. coagulability. 

ooASUlAble, a. coagulable. 

OOASUlAiit, p.a. coagulating. 

coagulMe, /. coagulase. 

coagnlateiir, a. ooagulatory, coagulating. 

— m. coagulator, coagulant. 
coagnlatloii, /. coagulation. 

— sanguine, coagulation of the blood. 
ooasuler, v.t. db r. coagulate. 
coasulum, m. coagulum; coagulant. 
coaiUe, /. inferior wool (from the tail). 
ooalescence, /. coalescence. 

ooallser, v.t. A r. unite, combine, league. 
ooalltloii, /. coalition, combination. 
eoaltar, m. coal tar. 
coaltarement, m. treating with coal tar, 

ooaltarer, v.t. treat or impregnate with coal 

coaltarlsfttloii, /. coal tar treatment, tarring. 
coaltariser, v.t. treat (esp. coat) with coal tar, 

coalté, a. designating a coal tar preparation 

used as a disinfectant. 
eOASSodé, m. copartner, associate, partner. 
eoauteur, m. co-author, joint author. 

colMlt, m. cobalt. 

— gris, cobalt glance, cobaltite. 

— d'outremer, cobalt ultramarine, cobalt 

COlMltage, m. coating or plating with cobalt. 

eol>»lt»inmtne, eohaltiimlne, /. cobaltam- 
mine, cobaltamine. 

eobalteux, a. oobaltous. 

cobaltlco-potMslqae, a. of (trivalent) cobalt 
and potassium; as, nitrite cobtdtico-^potas' 
sique, tripotassium cobaltic nitrite. 

colMltlfêre, a. cobaltiferous. 

colMlttne, /. (Afin.) cobaltite, cobaltine. 

colialtlque, a. cobaltic. 

cobaltlsftge, m. » cobaltage. 

colMltlser, v.t. cover or plate with cobalt. 

cobaye, m. guinea pig, cavy. 

cobddlne, /. (Min.) linnœite. 

cobolt, m. powdered metallic arsenic. 

coca, /. coca. 

cocaine, /. cocaine. 

cocalnlsw, v.t. cocainise. 

cocalon, m. a silkworm cocoon of inferior value. 

coctae, /. notch, nick, cut, slit, groove; sow. 

cochenlllage, m. cochineal dyeing or dye bath. 

cochenille, /. cochineal; cochineal insect. 
— a. cochineal. 

cochenUler, v.t. dye with cochineal. 

cochenllller, m. cochineal fig, cochineal plant. 

cochon, m. swine, hog, pig; pork; dross; 
{Metal.) sow, pig. 

COCO, m. coconut; coco, coco palm; coconut 
shell; licorice water. 
noix de — , coconut. 

cocon, m. cocoon. 

coconni^ie, m. formation of cocoons. 

cocose, n. a butter substitute from coconut oil. 

cocotier, m. coco, coco palm (Cocos nucifera). 

coctlon, /. boiling, coction; cooking; {Phys- 
iol.) digestion. 

code, m. code; codex, pharmacopeia. 

codéine, /. codeine. 

codex, m. codex, pharmacopeia (specif, the 
French pharmacopda). 

codifier, v.t. codify. 

coefficient, m. coeffident. 

— d'abaissement, coefficient of (freesing- 
point) lowering. 

— d'adhérence, coefficient of adhesion. 

— de dilaUition, expansion coefficient. 

— de sûreté, — de sécurité, coeffident (or fac- 
tor) of safety. 

— économique, efficiency. 
coenzyme, /. coenzyme. 

coerdble, a. coercible, (of gases) compressible. 
casdiim, m. cesium, cœsium. 

', m. heart; interior, inner part, middle 
F^rt, etc.; (in distillation) middle fraction; 
heartwood; stomach (as in mal au cœur), 
en — , heart-shaped. 

uigiiizea Dy 





t m. ounying knife; planiahing knife. 

eof^ment» m. coferment (coenzyme). 

eolléine, /. caffeine. 

eolbe» m. chest; box; trunk; coffer; coffer- 

eoflke-fort» m. strong box, safe. 

WBreit m. (small) chest, (small) box; mu£3e. 

tOgOMCf m. cognac, Cognac brandy. 

eocnasster, m. quince, quince tree (Çydonia), 

dotnée, /. ax. 

cogner, v.t. knock, strike, beat, drive. 

eohteence, /. coherence, coherency. 

cohérent, a. coherent. 

eobérer, v.i. cohere. 

eohésion, /. cohesion. 

eoholMiteiir, a. cohobating. 

coholMitlon, /. cohobation. 

eohobcr, v.t. cohobate. 

MrtflRase, m. cap, covering; spedf., fuse cap. 

«rtfle, /. cap, cover, hood; mesentery (of 
sUughtered animals); headdress; lining 
(of hats). 

— de ftuée, fuse cap. 
r, v.t. cap, covOT the head or top of; dress 

the hair of. 
m. comer; wedge; stamp, die; stamp, 

mark; quoin; corner cupboaid. 
eolncftBC» fn. wedging, fastening with wedges. 
coincement, m. wedging, state of being 

wedged, (of machine parts) jamming. 
coincer, v.t. wedge; jam; drive in (wedges); 

comer. — v.r. (of machine parts) jam. 
coincidence, /. coincidence. 
coïncider, v.i. coincide. 
coins, m. quince. 
coir, m. coir (coconut husk fib«r). 
coke, m. coke. 

— de pétrole, petroleum coke, oil coke. 
cokéfaction, cokélflcatlon, /. coking. 
cokéiHer, v.t. coke. 

colcerle, /. coking plant. 
colcetier, m. one that makes or sells coke. 
cokenr, m. coke burner, coke-oven stoker. 
col, m. neck; collar; (mountain) pass. 
à — court, short-necked. 

— de cygne, swan neck (specif, a curved tube 
or pipe) ; gooseneck. 

-^ droit, » flacon à large ouverture, under 

flacon; straight neck. 
cola, m. iPharm.) kola; (Bot.) Cola. 
•oiatare, /. filtration, straining; filtrate, 

strained liquid. (Çolature in English is 

obs. or rare.) 
eolchlcacée, /. (Bot.) a plant belonging to Col- 

chicum or a related genus. 
eokhlcelne, /. colohiceine. 
eolchlclne, /. colchicine. 
coiclilliae, m. (fiot.) meadow saffron (Colchi- 


', m. colcothar. 

coléoptère, m. (ZoOl.) ooleopteran; (pL) 

colère, /. anger. 

colibacille, m. (Bad.) colon bacillus. 
oollflchet, m. trinket, knicknack; bird cake; 

(Ceram.) small tripod. 
colique, /. A a. colic. 
colls, m. package, parcel, bale, case. 

— postal, parcel (sent by poet). 
par — po8taiix, by parcel post. 

collaboratenr, m. collaborator. 
collaboration, /. collaboration. 
collaboratrice, /. collaborator. 
collabora, v.i. collaborate, work or act jointly. 
collage, m. gluing, etc. (see coller). 
coUagène, a. collagenous, collagenio. ^m. 
, collagen. 

conapsus, m. (Med.) collapse. 
coHationner, v.t. compare. 
colle, /. glue; sise, sising; (adhesive) paste; 
(adhesive) cement; fining. 

— à bouche, mouth glue, lip glue. 

— d'amidon, starch paste. 

— de caoutÀouc, rubb«r cement. 

— de Flandre purifiée, gelatin. 

— de pAte, paste, flour paste. 

— de peau, skin glue, hide glue. 

— de poisson, fish glue; isinglass. 

— d'os, bone glue. 

— du Japon, agar, Japanese agar. 

— forte, glue. 

— liquide, liquid glue. 

— végétale, vegetable glue, vegetable sise. 
collecteur, m. collector. — a. collecting; (of 

a lens) condensing. 
coUectlf, a. A m. collective. 
ooUectlon, /. collection. 
collectionner, v.t. collect, make a collection of. 
collectlTement, adv. collectively. 
collectivité, m. collectivity. 
coUectrioe, a. fern, of collecteur. 
coUège, m. college. 

coUégien, m. collegian. — a. collegiate, college. 
collègue, m. colleague. 
colle-matière, n. (also pi.) glue stock. 
coUot, v.t. glue, cement, paste, stick; sise; fine, 

clarify (as wine); (Ceram.) fasten with 

slip. — v.r. adhere, stick, stick together, 

cake; be glued, sized, fined, etc. — v.t. 

stick, adhere, cling. 
collerette, /. flange, rim, collar, ring; (Bot,) 

colles-matières, See coUe-matidre. 
collet, m. collar; (Tech.) neck, throat, shoulder, 

shank, collar, collet, etc. ; (of a sugar beet 

or other plant) collar. 

— de jonction, flange, collar, shoulder. 
collette, /. a vessel for fining beer, also its ooH' 

colleur, m. gluer. etc. (see coller). 

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eolleiiset /. sisixis machine, siser. 
coUldlne, /. collidine. 

ooUler, m. collar; hobp, ring, belt; neck- 
colllger, v.t. collect, gather. 
colllmatear, m. collimatw. — a. collimating. 
coIUmatloii, /. collimation. 
coUlne, /. hill. 
colllsloilt /. collision. 
collodlé» a. coUodionixed. 
eollodton, m. collodion. 

— earUharidit iPharm.) cantharidal eoUodion, 
blistering collodion. 

— ilaatiguet (Pharm.) flexible collodion. 

— styptiquet iPharm.) styptic collodion. 

— véaicantt IPhartn.) blistering collodion, 
cantharidal collodion. 

collodtonnage, m. collodion varnishing. 

coUodlonné» p.a. collodionised. 

eoUodlonner» v.t. collodionize. 

colloidal { eoUoIdaox), a. colloidal, col- 
loid. — m. colloidal substance or prepara- 

colloïde» m. colloid. — a. colloid, colloidal. 

collotyple, /. collotypy, collotype. 

COUoxyllnCt /. coUoxylin (soluble guncotton). 

collatf^re» m. (Med.) collutory, coUutorium. 

collyre» m. (Afed.) coUsrrium. 

colmater, v.t. (Agric.) warp. 

colocynthlne, /. colocynthin. 

Colombie, /. Colombia. 

colombier, m. dovecote; colombier, columbier 
(sise of paper, about 23 z 34 in.). 

otdombln, m. a long cylinder of ceramic paste 
used for measuring contraction due to firing 
or for luting saggers together; (Metal.) a 
kind of lead ore; {Building) a mixture of 
plaster Paris and baryta. 

eolomblne, /. dung of domestic fowls. 

colomblte, f. {Min.) columbite. 

colomblam, m. columbium. 

Colombo, m. {Pharm.) calumba, Colombo. 

— d*Afnêriquet — de Mariette, American co- 
lumbo, American gentian {Fraeera oarolin- 

colomlne, /. {Ceram.) talcose clay. 

colomnalre, a. columnar. 

colon, m. planter, farmer; colonist, settler; 

{Anat.) colon. 
colonial { coloniaux), a. colonial. 
colonie, /. colony. 
coloniser, v.t. colonise. 
colonne, /. colimm; pillar, poet; (of a pump) 


— à rectifier, rectifying colimm, fractionating 

— à robinet, upright pipe with stopcock or 

colophane, /. colophony, rosin. 
colophaner, v.t. treat with colophony or rosin. 

coloquinte, /. colocynth {CitruUuê colocunthia), 
Cf^rant, a. coloring; specif., dyeing. — m. 

colorant, coloring matter; specif., dye, 


— acridique, acridine dye. 

— azoaminé, aminoaso dye. 

— azdlque, aso dye. 

— azophénoHque, hydroxyaio djre. 

— atoxique, azoxy dye. 

— banque, basic dye. 

— bieazcflque, disazo dye. 

— nitroeé, nitroso dye. 

— oxazinique, oxazine dye. 

— thiaeinique, thiazine dye. 

— vital, {Bid.) vital stain. 
coloration, /. coloration, col(»ing. 

col<wé, p.a. colored; (of wine) deep-oolored; 
(of tints) bright. 

colorement, m. coloring, coloration. 

colorer, v.t. & r. color. 

coloriage, m. coloring. 

colorier, v.t. color. 

colorieur, m. colorer, colcurist; {Calieo) print- 
ing roller, print roll. 

coloriflque, a. colorific. 

colorigène, a. colorigenic, color-producing. 

colmimètre, m. colorimeter. 

colorimétrie, /. colorimetry. 

colorimétrique, a. colorimétrie. 

colorimétriquement, adv. colorimetrioally. 

coloris, m. coloring; hue, tint. 

colorisaUon, /. coloration. 

coloriste, m. colorer; {Art.) colorist. 

colossal, a. colossal. 

colostrum, m. colostrum. 

coltar, colthar, coltarement, etc. See coal- 
tar, coaltarement, etc. 

columbium, m. columbium. 

colsa, m. colza, specif, rape or rapeseed. 

(Distinctions between " huile de colza," 
'* huile de navette " and ** huile de rabette" 
are apparently rather confused. All may 
• be translated " rape oil " or " colsa oil," 
terms which are now practically synony- 
mous in English except as " colza oil " is 
used of the purer varieties.) 

comanlque, a. comanic. 

comateux, a. {Med.) comatose. 

combat, m. combat, contest, strife. — pr. S 
sing, of combattre. 

combattre, v.e. fight; combat; oppose. — v.t. 
fight, combat, contend, strive. 

combien, adv. how, how much, how many, 
how far, how long. — m. price. 

— de temps, how long. 
combinablllté, /. combinableness. 
comblnable, a. combinable. 
combinaison, /. combination; compound; 

scheme, contrivance. 

— binaire, binary compound. 

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comblnalaoïi sulfurée, compound with sulfur, 
sulfur compound. 

— tertiaire^ tertiary compound. 
comblnateur, m. combiner; {EUc.) controller. 

— o. combinin£. 

comblnatoire» a. combinatory, combinar 

combiné» p.a. combined; concerted. — m. 

compound; set (as of apparatus). 
oomblner, v.t. combine; concert, contrive. 

— ».r. combine, unite. 

comblneiir, m. an apparatus for continuous 

comble, m. roof; height, summit; overmeas- 
ure. — a. heaped; quite full. 

comblé, V'O" filled, etc. (see combler). 

comblement, m. filling, etc. (see combler). 

combler, v.t. fill, fill up; supply; fulfill. 

combunble, a. combustible. 

combumnt, a. supporting combustion. — «n. 
supporter of combustion. 

comburé, p,a. burned; {Min.) consisting of 
oxide or halide. 

combnrer, v.t. bum. 

combustibilité, /. combustibility. 

combustible, a. combustible. — m. fuel; com- 

— aggloméré, briquetted fuel. 

— ancien, coal. 

— cTédairage, combustible used as an illu- 

— gazeiAx, gaseous fuel. 

— minéral, mineral fuel, specif, coal. 

— moderne, wood and peat. 
combustion, /. combustion. 

— au libre, combustion in free air. 

— blanche, bright combustion (as distin- 
guished from blue flame). 

— bleue, blue-flame combustion. 

— delà fumée, smoke consumption. 

— lente, slow combustion. 

— spontanée, spontaneous combustion. 

— vive, quick (or rapid) combustion. 
coménlque, a. comenic. 
comestible, a. & m. comestible, edible. 
comète, /. comet. 

comique, a. comic, comical. 

comité, m. committee; commission, bourd, 

commandant, m. commanding officer, com- 

commande, /. order (for goods) ; driving gear, 
drive; control, control mechanism; lash- 
ing (of ropes). 
à — directe, direct-acting. • 

— desmodromique, belt drive. 
de — , ordered; feigned, sham. 
faire une — , give an order. 

commandement, m, command; command- 

v.t command, order; (Com.) 
order; iMach.) drive, control, operate. 

— v.i. command, have conmiand. — v,r. 
{Mach.) gear together, work together. 

conunandltalre, m. dormant partner. See 

commandite, /. commandite, a firm having 
one or more members (commanditaires) 
who are responsible only for the amount 
which they have invested, while the rest 
(gérants, commandités) are fully responsible. 
Called also société en commandite. 

commandité, m. See commandite. 

comme, adv. as, as ... as, like, as if, as much 
as; as to; how. — conj. sa. 

commémorer, v.t. remember, recall to mind. 

commencement, m. beginning, commence- 
au — , at (or in) the beginning, at first. 

commencer, v.t. & i. begin, commence. 

commensurablllté, /. commensurability. 

comment, ado. how; why. — m. how; why, 
wherefore. — interj. whati 

commentaire, m. commentary; comment. 

commenter, v.t. comment on. — v.i. com- 
ment; comment unfavorably. 

commerçant, a. commercial, mercantile. 

— m. merchant, trader, dealer. 
commerce, m. commerce; trade, busineas; 


— de détail, retail trade. 

— en gros, wholesale trade. 

— extérieur, foreign commerce, foreign trade. 

— intérieur, home (or domestic) trade, in- 
land commerce. 

faire le — de, trade in, deal in; be in the 

business of. 
commercer, v.i. trade, deal, do business; have 

relations (with). 
commercial, a. commercial. 
commercialement, adv. commercially. 
commettre, v.t. commit; appoint; lay (ropes). 
commlnuer, v.t. comminute. 
comminution, /. comminution. 
commis, p.a. committed; appointed; (of 

ropes) laid. — m. clerk. 

— voyageur, commercial traveler. 
commissaire, m. commissioner, commissary. 
commission, /. commission; board; commit- 
tee; errand; (Com.) commission business. 

commissionnaire, m. commission merchant, 
agent; errand boy, errand man, porter. 

commisslonner, v.t. commission. 

commode, a. convenient, commodious, agree- 
able, comfortable; (of persons) acoommo- 
dating. — m. commode. 

commodément, adv. conveniently, comfort- 

commodité, /. convenience; (pi.) water 

Digitized by 





«ommotloii» /. shock; commotion; {M éd.) 

eommiiii, a. common. — m. common; gener- 
ality; conmionalty, common people. 

commiinautéf /. community. 

commnne, /. commune; town hall; common 

communément, adv. commonly, generally. 

eommunlcablllté, /. communicability. 

communicant» p.a. communicating. 

communlcatlf, a. communicative; (of inks) 

communication» /. communication. 

communiqué» p.a. communicated. — m. 
conmiunication, communiqué. 

communiquer, v.t. commimicate, impart. 
— ».». communicate; confer. — v.r. com- 
municate; be communicated; be com- 

commutateur, m. (electric) switch; conmiu- 

— à halaist brush commutator. 

— à houchoTit plug switch, pin switch. 

— d botUon, button switch. 

— d manette, lever switch, knife switch. 

— dUjoncteur, cut-out, interrupter. 

— inverseur, current reverser. 

— penmUateur, universal switch. 

— unipolaire, single-pole switch. 
cominclté, /. compactness. 
compact, a. compact. 
compagnie, /. company. 
compi^non, m. companion; workman. 
compagnonnage, m. trade union. 
comparablllté, /. comparability. 
comparable, a. comparable. 
comparablement, adv. comparably. 
comparaison, /. comparison. 

à (or en) — de, in comparison with. 
par — , by comparison, comparatively. 
aans — , beyond comparison; without mak- 
ing any comparison. 

comparaître, v.i. appear. 

comparateur, a. comparing. — m. comparer 

comparatif, a. comparative. 

comparé, p.a. compared; comparative. 

comparer, v.t. compare. — v.r. be compared; 
compare; compare oneself. 

compartiment, m. compartment; (fig.) de- 
partment, province. 

compartimentage, m. division into compart- 

compartimenter, v.t. divide into compart- 

comparu, p.p. of comparattre. 

compas, m. compass, compasses (the instru- 

— à coulieae, slide calipers. 

— à diviser, dividers. 

compas d pointée sèehee, dividers. 

— de calibre, calipers. 

— d'épaisseur, calipers. 

— rfc route, ordinary mariner's compass. 

— électrique, galvanometer. 

compassé, p.a. measured with (or as with) com- 
passes; formal, precise. 

compasser, v.t. measure with compasses; pro- 
portion; (fig.) measure, weigh. 

compassler, m. compass maker, instrument 

compatibilité, /. compatibility. 

compatible, a. compatible. 

compatir, v.i. be compatible, agree; ssrmpa- 

compendleusement, adv. compendiously, 

compendleux, a. compendious, abridged. 

compendium, m. compendium, compend. 

compensateur, m. compensator. — a. com- 
pensating, compensation, compensative. 

compensatlf, a. compensative. 

compensation, /. compensation. 

compensatoire, a. compensatory. 

compensatrice, fem. of compensateur. 

compenser, v.t. compensate; offset. — v.r. 
compensate each other, compensate. 

compétenmient, adv. competently. 

compétence, /. competence; province, sphere. 

compétent, a. competent; due; proper. 

compétiteur, m. competitor, rival. — a. 

compilateur, m. compiler. 

compilation, /. compilation. 

compiler, v.t. compile. 

complaire, v.i. give pleasure. — v.r. delight 
(in), be pleased (at) ; be delighted. 

compÛsamment, adv. obligingly; willingly. 

complaisance,/, complaisance; complacency. 

complaît, pr. S sing, of complaire. 

complant, m. planting, specif, vineyard. 

complanter, v.t. plant. 

complément, m. complement. 

complémentaire, a. complementary, comple- 

complet, a. complete. — m. complement. 

complètement, adv. completely. 

compléter, v.t. complete; make up (as solu- 
tions to a given volume) ; perfect; fill up. 

complexe, a. A m. complex. 

complexité, /. complexity. 

complication, /. complication. 

complimenter, v.t. compliment. 

complimenteur, a. complimentary. 

compliqué, p.a. complicated, complex, intri- 

compliquer, v.t. complicate. 

complu, p.p. of complaire. 

comporter, v.t. permit, allow, admit of. — vjr 
behave, comport oneself. 

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eomposMit, a. & m. component. 
eompownte, /. (Af ecA.) component. 
composé» V'^' compound; composed; compos- 
ite; formal. — m. compoimd. 

— beruténique, aromatic compoimd. 

— oarbiuré, carbon compound. 

— chloré, chlorine compound. 
^-amjitouet {Old Chem.) conjugate com- 

— d*addition, addition compound. 

— défini, definite compound. 

— de «libatitutton, substitution product. 

— double, double compound. 

— hoUandaia, Dutch compound (a solution 
of sodium and potassium silicates used for 
purifying water). 

— maximum, a compound in which an ele- 
ment has its highest valence. 

— minimum, a compound in which an ele- 
ment has its lowest valence. 

— nttré, nitro compound. 

— non oaturé, unsatiirated compound. 

— organo-magnésien, organic magnesium com- 

— ]XM«ag«r, transient (or transitory) com- 

— phosphore, phosphorus compound. 

— aaturé, saturated compound. 

— nilfoné, sulfonated compound, sulfo com- 

composée,/. (Bo<.) composite plant, composite, 
(pi.) Composite (called also Asterales). 

composer, v.t. compose; compoimd. — v.i. 
compose; come to terms. — v.r. be com- 
IKwed; compose oneself. 

compositeur, m. composer; {PrinHng) com- 

Gompositloil,/. composition; compound (in the 
sense of a composition or mixture). 

— cenUnmale, percentage composition. 

— d'amorce, primer composition. 

— d'artificee, fireworks composition. 

— fulminante, fulminating composition, prim- 
ing composition. 

— fusante, fuse composition, rocket composi- 

— incendiaire, incendiary composition, car- 
cass composition. 

— lente, slow-burning composition. 

— vive, quick-burning composition. 
eompost, m. compost. 

composter, v.t. compost, manure with com- 

composto, m. a sort of concrete made of stone 
fragments and cement or pozzuolana mor- 

compound, a. compound. 

compréhensibllité, /. comprehensibility, com- 

oompréhensif, a. comprehensive. 

compvemuit, p.a. comprising, including; 
understanding, comprehending. 

comprendre, v.t. comprise, include, compre- 
hend; understand, comprehend. 

comprennent, pr. 3 pi. indie. & euhj. of com- 

compresseur, m. compressor; grease cup. 

compresslblllté, /. compressibility, -bleness. 

compressible, a. compressible. 

compresslf, a. compressive. 

compression, /. compression. 

comprlmable» a. compressible. 

comprimant» p. a. compressing; restraining. 

comprimé, p.a. compressed; restrained, 
checked. — m. compressed tablet, com- 
pressed pill. 

comprimer, v.t. compress; restrain, check. 

comprlmeur, m. compressor. 

compris, p.p. of comprendre. 

non — , not including, not included. 
y — , including, included. 

comprit, p.def. S sing, of comprendre. 

compromettre, v.t. A i. compromise. 

— le rendement, endanger the jrield. 
comiMomls, p.a. compromised. — m. compro- 

comptabilité, /. bookkeeping, accounting, 
keeping accounts, accounts; accountabil- 
ity, responsibility. 

comptable, a. accountable, responsible. — m. 
accountant, bookkeeper; accountable per- 

comptant, a. ready (money). — m. ready 
money, cash. — aà». in cash. 

compte» m. account. 
à — , on account. 

au bout du — , after all, considering every- 
*' rendu, report; specif., (pZ.) the weekly 
reports of the sessions of the French Acad- 
emy of Sciences. 

compte-flls, m. thread counter, weaver's glass. 

compte-gouttes, m. dropper, drop counter. 
— a. dropping. 

compter, v.t. count; pay; charge; account, 
consider. — v.i. count, calculate; render 
an account; be considered; coimt (on), in- 
tend; count (on), rely (on). — v.r. be 
counted; count oneself. 

compte-tours, m. an instrument for counting 

compteur, m. counter, meter, indicator; 
reckoner, calculator. 

— à eau, water meter. 

— à gaz, gas meter. 

— à seconde, seconds counter. 

— électrique, electric meter. 

— sec, dry meter. 

eomptolr, m. (shop) counter; branch bank, 






eunpulflif» a. compulsory. 

compatatioii» /. computation. 

compateTy v.t. compute, count. 

comté, m. earldom; (in Enisland) county, 

concassage, m., concassatlon, /., eoneasse- 
ment, m. crushing, etc. (see concasser). 

concasser» v.t. (reduce to fragments) crush, 
break, comminute, bray, pound. 

concasseiir» m. crusher, etc. (see concasser). 
— a. crushing. 

concave, a. concave. 

concavité, /. concavity. 

concéder, v.t. concede. 

concentrable, a. capable of being concentrated. 

concentrateur, m. concentrator. 

concentration, /. concentration. 

concentré, p.a. concentrated. — m. concen- 

concentrer, v.t. concentrate. 

concentrique, a. concentric. 

concentriquement, adv. concentrically. 

conception, /. conception. 

concernant, dt prep, concerning. 

concerner, v.t. concern, relate to. 

concession, /. concession. 

concessionnaire, m. <k /. concessionaire, 

concevable, a. conceivable. 

concevoir, v.t. & i. conceive. — v.r. be con- 

concholdal, a. conchoidal. 

concholde, a. conchoidal. — /. conchoid. 

conchyUen, a. containing shells, conchyla- 

condeivc» m. <& f. doorkeeper, porter. 

conciliation,/, reconciliation; conciliation. 

concilier, v.t. reconcile; conciliate. 

concis, a, concise. 

concision, /. conciseness. 

conclu, p.p. of conclure. 

concluant, p.a. concluding; conclusive. 

conclure, v.t. A i. conclude. — v.r. be con- 

eondusif, a. conclusive. 

conclusion, /. conclusion. — adv. in short. 

condnt, pr. A p.def. S sing, of conclure. 

concoction, /. concoction. 

conçoit, pr. S sing, of concevoir. 

concombre, m. cucumber. 

concordance, /. concordance, agreement. 

concordant, a. concordant. 

concourir, v.t. concur, contribute, cooperate; 
compete; (of time) coincide; (of lines) 
meet in a common point. 

concourme, /. a yellow dyestuff . 

concours, m. concourse; concurrence, coopera- 
tion, agreement; competition; (of lines) 
meeting point. 

concourt, pr. s nng. of concourir. 

concréfto, v.t. render concrete. 

concret, a. concrete. 

concréter, v.t. A r. concrete, sohdify, render or 
become concrete or solid. 

concretion, /. concretion. 

concrétlonnaire, concrétionné, a. concretion- 

coniarétionner, v.r. assume a concretionary 

conçu, p.a. conceived. 

concurrement, adv. concurrently, conjointly; 
in competition. 

concurrence, /. competition; amount; {Law) 

concurrencer, v.t. compete with. 

concurrent, m. competitor, rival. — a. com- 
peting; concurrent. 

concurrentiel, a. competing. 

concuter, v.t. strike. 

concuteur, m. striker, plunger. 

condamner, v,t. condemn; bar, shut up. 

condensablllté, /. condensability. 

condensable, a. condensable. 

condensant, p.a. condensing. 

condensateur, m. (esp. Elec.) condenser. — a. 

condensalif, a. condensative. 

condensation, /. condensation. 

— par V extérieur^ surface condensation. 

— par mélange, condensation by injection. 
condensé, p.a. condensed. 
condenser, v.t. A r. condense. 
condenseur, m. condenser. 

— d injecteur (or à jet), jet condenser, injec- 
tion condenser. 

— par surface, surface condenser. 

— tiûyulaire, tubular condenser, surface con- 

condenseuse, /. condensing apparatus, con- 

condiment, m. condiment. 

condlmentaire, oondlmenteux, a. condiment 
tal, condimentary. 

condlt, m. (esp. Pharm.) comfit, confection. 

condition, /. condition; service, employment. 
à — cfo, on condition of. 
à — que, on condition that, provided that. 

conditionné, p.a. conditioned. 

conditionnel, a. conditional. 

condltlonneliement, adv. conditionally. 

conditionnement, m. conditioning; specif., 
manner of packing for shipment. 

conditionner, v.t. condition. 

conductance, /. (Elec.) conductance. 

conducteur, m. A f. conductor; superintend- 
ent, manager, guide, driver, leader, etc. 
— a. conducting; leading; (Ma^h.) driving, 

conductibilité, /. conductibility, conductivity. 

conductible, a. conductible, conductive. 

ijiginzed Dy '' 



eonductloii» /. oonduction. 

eondactlvlté, /. conductivity. 

conduire» v. t. conduct; convey; cany; drive; 

(Modi.) control. — v.i. conduct; lead; 

drive. — v.r. conduct oneself; be conducted. 
«ondiilt» m. conduit, pipe, tube, duct, channel, 

passage, canal. — p.p. & pr. S sing, of 


— à gazt gas pipe. 

— d'échappement^ escape pipe, {Steam) 
exhaust passage. 

— delà vapeur^ steam pipe. 

— de vent, blast pipe. 

eondiilte, /. conduit, pipe, tube, main, hose, 
channel, etc.; conducting, conduction; 
direction, superintendence, management; 
conduct; carrying, conveyance; delivery 
(of water, etc.). 

— d'am,enée, delivery pipe or tube. 

— d'aspiration, suction pipe, suction tube. 

— de vent, ventilation shaft. 
cOne» m. cone. 

ajtuter — , taper. 

— aUumoir, lighting cone (funnel-shaped 
chimney to be placed on open furnaces 
while they are being lighted). 

— de friction, cone clutch. 

— droit, right cone. 

— fiUrateur, filtering cone. 

— tronqué, truncated cone. 
donner du — , taper. 

en — , conical, cone-shaped. 
faire — , make conical, taper. 

etaé» p.a. coned, conical. 

eftnw» v.t cone. 

conf.» abbrev. compare, see, cf. 

oonfectloii» /. making, making up, construc- 
tion, execution; ready-made clothes; 
(Pharm.) confection. 

confectionné» p.a. made, etc. (see confection- 
ner); ready-made (clothes). — m. manu- 
factured article. 

oonfecUonnement, m. making, making up, 
etc. (see confectionner). 

confectionna» v.t. make, make up, construct, 
manufacture, execute. — v.r. be made, be 
made up, etc. 

confectionneur» m. maker, manufacturer; 
specif., clothes maker; clothier. 

conférence» /. conference, meeting; lecture; 
class; comparison. 

conférencier» m. lecturer. — o.t. hold a con- 
ference; give an address. 

confém» o.t. confer; compare. — v.t. confer. 

confwye, /. conferva, confervoid alga, hair- 

confesser» v.t. confess. 

oonlUnce, /. confidence. 

conllant» p.a. confiding, etc. (see confier) ; con- 



confldenunent» adv. confidentially. 

confidence» /. confidence. 

confident» a. confidential. — m. confidant. 

confidentiel» a. confidential. 

confidentiellement» adv. confidentially. 

confier» v.t. confide; conmiit. — v.r. confide 
(in) ; be committed. 

configuration, /. configuration. 

configurer» v.t. give configuration or form to. 

confin» m. confine, border. (Used in the pi.) 

confiner, v.t. confine, — v.i. border (on). 

confire» v.t. preserve (fruits, etc.); pickle (in 
vinegar) ; ^Leather) soak in bate, bate. 

conflrmatlf» a. confirmatory, confirmative. 

confirmation» /. confirmation. 

confirmatolre» a confirmatory. 

confirmer» v.t. confirm. — v.r. be confirmed. 

confisant» p.a. preserving, etc. (see confire). 

confiserie» /. confectionery; confectioner's art, 
business or shop. 

confiseur» m. confectioner. 

confit, p.a. preserved: pickled; (Leather) 
bated. — m. preserved meat; mash (for 
animals); tub, vat (for dressing furs); 
(Leather) bate, puer. — pr. et p.def. S sing. 
of confire. 

confiture» /. preserve (s), jam. 

conflturerle» /. preserves; preserve making, 
preserve factory or shop, preserve business. 

confiturier» m. maker or seller of preserves. 

conflit» m. conflict. 

confondre» v.t. confound; mingle, blend; con- 
fuse. — v.r. be confounded; mingle, blend; 
be confused; {Org. Chem.) be identical or, 
in some cases, tautomeric (as, la quinone- 
oxime se confond avec le i>-nitrosophénol). 

confondu» p.a. confounded, etc. 

conformation, /. conformation. 

conforme» a. conformable. 

conformément, adv. conformably, according. 

conformer, v.t. & i. conform. 

conformité» /. conformity. 

confortable» a. comfortable, comforting. — m. 

confronter» v.t. confront; compare, -^v.t. 

confus» p.a. confused. ' 

confusément» adv. confusedly. 

concision» /. confusion. 

congé» m. leave; notice (of leaving); discharge. 

congédier» «.^ discharge, dismiss. 

congélablllté» /. congealableness. 

congelable» a. congealable. 

congelant» p.a. congealing. 

congélation» /. congelation, congealing, cou' 
gealment; specif., freezing; cold storage. 

congeler» v.t. & r. congeal: specif., freeze. 

congénère» n. congener. — a. congeneric. 

congestlf» a. congestive, congested, 

congestion» /. congestion. 

uigitizea Dy 



eongestionner, v.t. congest. 

congloménit» m. conglomerate. 

conglomeration, /. conglomeration. 

eongloniéré, p.a. conglomerated, conglome- 

congloniérer, v.t. conglomerate. 

conslutinant, a. agglutinant, agglutinative. 

Congo brillant. {Dyea) brilliant Congo. 

congrégé, a congregated. 

congrèSf m. congress. 

— du froid, a congress of those interested in 
the refrigerating industry. 

congm, a. congruous. 

congmence» /. congruence. 

congmlté, /. congruity. 

conhydrine» /. conhydrine. 

conldne, /. conicine (conine). 

conlclté» /. conicalness, conicity. 

conlfère, a. coniferous. — m. conifer; (pi.) 
Coniferœ, Finales. 

conlférlne» /. coniferin. 

conlféryllque» a. coniferyl (in the phrase 
alcool coniférylique, coniferyl alcohol). 

conlforme» a. coniform, conical. 

conine, /. conine. 

conique» a. conical, conic. 

coi^ecturalement, adv. conjecturally. 

conjecture, /. conjecture. 

conjecturer, v.t. conjecture. 

conjolndre, v.t. conjoin, join, unite. 

conjoint, p.a. conjoined, joined, joint. 

conjointement, adv. conjointly, jointly. 

conjoncteur, m. (Elec.) circuit closer, key. 

conjonctlf, a. conjunctive, connective. 

conjonction, /. conjunction. 

coi^onctlTe, /. conjunctiva. 

conjonctivite, /. (Med.) conjunctivitis. 

coiljugué, a. conjugate; conjugated. 

connaissance, /. (sometimes jd.) knowledge; 
consciousness, senses; acquaintance. 

connaissant, p.a. knowing; skilled in; ac- 
quainted with. 

connaissement, m. bill of lading. 

connaître, v.t. know. 
faire — , make known, describe, introduce, 

give notice of. 
se — à (or en), be versed in, understand. 

connectif, a. connective. 

connexe, a. connected; associated. 

connezer, v.t. connect, join. 

connexion, connexité, /. connection. 
connexion directe, (Mach.) direct action. 

connu, p.a. known; well known. — m. known. 

connut, p.def. S sing, of connaître (to know). 

conolde, a. A m. conoid. 

conquérir, v.t. A i. conquer. 

conquête, /. conquest. 

conquiert, pr. S sing, of conquérir. 

conquis, p.a. conquered. 

conquit, p.def, S sing, of conquérir. 



', v.t. devote; consecrate; sanction. 

conscience, /. consciousness; conscience; con* 

consciencieusement, adv. conscientiously. 

consciencieux, a. conscientious. 

consécutif, a. consecutive. 

consécutivement, adv. consecutively. 

conseil, m. coimsel; council; board. 

conseiller, v.t. counsel, advise. — v.r. be ad- 
vised, seek counsel (from). — m. counselor, 
advisor; councilor. 

consentement, m. consent. 

consentir, v.t. consent to. — v.i. consent. 

conséquemment, adv. consistently; conae- 

conséquence, /. consequence. 

en — , in consequence, consequently. 

conséquent, a. consistent; consequent. — m. 
par — , consequently, therefore. 

conservateur, a. preservative, conservative; 
— TO. preserver; keeper; conservative. 

conservatlf, a. conservative. 

conservation, /. preservation, conservation; 

conservatoire, a. A m. conservatory. 

conserve, /. conserve (in Pharm. now often 
traneJated confection since the old distinc- 
tion between conserve and electuary has 
been abandoned); preserved food; jar; 
specif., (Micros.) staining jar; (p<.) colored 

— alimentaire, preserved food. 

— d*amandes, (Pharm.) compound powder of 

— d'écoTce d* orange, (Phasrm^ confection of 
orange peel. 

— de fruits, preserved fruit (dried, pickled, 
in sirup, etc.). 

— de Ugwnes, preserved vegetables (dried, 
canned, etc.). 

— de poissons, preserved fish, cured fish. 

— de rose, — de rose rouge, (Pharm.) con- 
fection of rose. 

— de viande, preserved meat. 

conserves alimentaires, preserved food, specif, 
canned goods. 

conserver, v.t. preserve. — v.r. (of fruits, etc.) 
keep; be preserved; preserve oneself . 

considérable, a. considerable; distinguished. 

considérablement, adv. considerably. 

considération, /. consideration; esteem, re- 

considéré, p.a. considered; esteemed; con- 

considérer, v.t. consider. — v.r. be considered; 
consider oneself. 

conslgnatalre, m. (Com.) consignee. 

conslgnateur, m. (Com.) consignor, consignee. 

consignation, /. consignment. 

uigiiizeci Dy x^jkJ 





tr, v.t. consign; deposit; order; keep 
in (soldiers, etc.) ; refuse admittance to. 

eonslstent, a. consistent; (with en) consist- 

conslstenee» /. consistency, consistence; credit. 

conglster, v.i. consist. 

console,/, bracket; wall fixture, hanger. 

consolidation, /. consolidation. 

consolider, v.t. consolidate; iFinance) fund. 

— v.r. consolidate. 
consommateur, m. consumer; consumma- 


consommation, /. consumption; consumma- 

consommé, p.a. consumed; consummated; 

consommer, v.t. consume; consummate. 

consomptible, a. consumable. 

consomption, /. consumption. 

consortium, m. syndicate. 

consoude,/. (fiot.) comfrey (.Svmphytum). 

— officinale, grande — ^ common comfrey (S. 

constamment, adv. constantly; with con- 
constance, /. constant; constancy. 
constant, a. constant; certain. 
constante, /. constant. 

— de dissociation, dissociation constant. 

— empirique, empirical constant. 
constatetion, /. ascertaining; verification; 

constater, v. t. ascertain; verify; state. 
constipant, p.a. constipating. 
constiper, v.t. constipate. 
constituant, p.a. constituent; constituting. 

— m. constituent. 

constituer, v.t. constitute; put, place, fix. 

constitution, /. constitution. 

constructeur, m. constructor, builder. 

construction, /. construction; building, struc- 

construire, v.t. construct, build. 

consultatif, a. consultative, advisory. 

consulter, v.t. A i. consult. — v.r. consider; 
consult one another: be consulted. 

consumant, p.a. consuming. 

consume, /. {Wine) loss from evaporation and 

consumer, v.t. consume. — v.r. be consumed; 
waste one's money, health, strength or 
time; waste away. 

contact, m. contact. 

contagieux, a. contagious. 

contamination, /. contamination. 

contaminer, v.t. contaminate. — v.r. be con- 

contempler, v.t. contemplate. 

contemporain, a. contemporary, contempora- 

contenance, /. capacity, contents; extent, 
area; countenance. 

contenant, p.a. containing; restraining. — m, 

contenir, v.t. contain; restrain. 

content, a. content, satisfied, pleased, glad. 

contentieux, a. disputed; contentious. 

contention, /. containing; intense application, 
intenseness; contention. 

contenu, p.a. contained; restrained. — m. 

conter, v.t. tell, relate; r^ort. 

conterie, /. coarse Venice glass. 

contestation, /. contestation, dispute. 

contester, v.t. contest. 

contiennent, pr. S pi. of contenir. 

contient, pr- 3 sing, of contenir. 

continu, a. contiguous, adjacent, adjoining. 

contint, p.def. 3 sing, of contenir. 

continu, a. continuous; continued. — m. con- 

continuation, /. continuation, continuance. 

continuel, a. continual. 

continuellement, adv. continually. 

continuer, v.t. A i. continue. — v.r. be contin- 
ued; continue. 

continuité, /. continuity; continuance. 

continûment, adv. continuously, continually. 

contour, m. contour, outline; circuit. 

contourner, v.t. trace the outUne of, pass, turn 
or wind around; twist; distort, deform. 

contractant, p.a. contracting. — m. contract- 
ing party, contractor. 

contracter, v.t. contract. — v.r. be contracted, 

contractif, a. contractive. 

contractile, a. contractile. 

contraction, /. contraction. 

contracture, /. contracture. 

contradiction, /. contradiction. 

contradictoire, a., m. A f. contradictory. 

contraignant, p.a. constraining. 

contraignent, pr. S pi. of contraindre. 

contraindre, v.t. constrain, compel, force, 

contraint, p.p. of contraindre. 

contrainte, /. constraint. 

contraire, a. contrary; injurious. — m. con- 
au — , on the contrary. 
au — de, contrary to, against. 

contrairement, adv. contrarily, contrary. 

contrariété, /. contrariety; difficulty; annoy**- 

contrastant, p.a. contrasting. 

contraste, m. contrast. 

contraster, v.t. A i. contrast. 

contrat, m. contract. 

contrayerra, contrayerre, /. {Bot.) con- 

Digitized by 





«outre» prtp. against; close by, near. — adv. 
against, in opposition. — m. con, opposing 
side or point. 
— à — , side by side. 
par — , per coptra, as an offset, on the other 

tout — , very dose; ajar. 

«outre-, counter-, contra^. 

eontre-aceéléntioii, /. negative acceleration, 

eontre-lMklancer, eontrebalancer, v.t. coun- 
terbalance. — o.r. counterbalance each 
other; be counterbalanced. 

eontrebande, /. contraband. 

contre-bas» adv. downward. 

contre-burette, /. leveling tube (for Lunge 
nitrometers and the like). 

contre-eharge, /. counterpoise. 

eontre-cœur» m. back (of a chimney). 
à — , reluctantly, unwillingly. 

contre-coup» m. rebound; counterstroke. 

eontre-courant» m. countercurrent; back 

contredire» v.t A i. contradict. 

contredisant» p.a. contradicting, contradic- 

contredit, pr. A p.def. S sing. A p.p. of con- 
tredire. — m. contradiction; rejoinder. 
aaru — , unquestionably. 

conteée, /. coimtry, region. 

contre-écrou, m. set screw (for another screw) ; 
look nut, jam nut, check nut. 

eontre-électromoteur, -électioniotlf, a. 

eciptre-éniall, m. counterenamel. 

contre-émaUler, v.t. coimterenamel. 

contre-épreuve, /. countertest, check test; 

contre-essal» m. countertest, check test. 

contrefaçon» /. coimterfeiting; counterfeit; 
(of patents) infringement; forgery; (of 
books) pirated edition. 

contrefacteur, m. coimterfeiter; infringer; 
forger; pirate. 

contrefactlon, /. counterfeiting, etc. (see con- 

contrefaire, v.t. counterfeit; forge; mimic; 
feign; disguise. 

contrefait, p.a. counterfeited, etc. (see con- 
trefaire); coimterfeit. — pr. S sing, of 

contreferait, cond. S sing, of contrefaire. 

eontre-feu, m. back plate (of a hearth). 

contre-flche, /. brace, strut, stud, stay. 

contrefit, p.def. s sing, of contrefaire. 

contrefont, pr. s pi. of contrefaire. 

contrefort, m. buttress, support; reinforce- 
ment; (mountain) spur. 

contre-hacher, v.t. cross-hatch. 

contre-hachure, /. cross-hatching. 

contre-maltre» m. overseer, foreman, boss. 
contremander, v.t. countermand. 
contremarque, /. countermark. 
oontre-oxjrdeur, m. enameler. 
oontre-parol, /. casing (of a furnace). 
oontre-pente, /. reverse slope. 
oontre-peser» v.t. coimterpoise, coimter- 

eontre-plaque, /. back plate; reinforcing plate; 

cheek plate, guard plate. 
eontreplaqué, a. layered, laminated. 

— en trois épaisseurs, three-ply. 
contrepoids, m. counterpoise. 
contre-poil, m. wrong way (of the hair). 

à — , against the grain or the nap, the wrong 
contrepoison, contre-poison, m. antidote. 

— de l'arsenic, (Pharm.) arsenic antidote 
(ferrie hydroxide with magnesium oxide). 

contre-pression, /. counterpressure, back pres- 

contresens, m. wrong sense; (of fabrics) 
wrong side; wrong way. 

contretemps, m. mishap, mischance; wrong 
time, imseasonableness. 
à — , inopportunely. 

contre-tirage, m. back draft. 

contre-vapeur, /. returning steam, back 

contrevenir, v.i. offend, transgress. 

contrevent, m. blast plate; shutter; brace. 

contrevient, pr. s sing, of contrevenir. 

contre-vis, /. check screw. 

contribuant, p.a. contributing. — m. contrib- 

contribuer, v.t. contribute. 

contribution, /. contribution; tax. 

contrôiage, m. controlling, etc. (see contrôler). 

contrôle, m. control; checking, check; mark, 
stamp; register, roll, list; controller's 

oontrôlement, m. controlling, etc. (see con- 

contrôler, v.t. control, check; calibrate; ascer- 
tain by checking; stamp, mark (as gold). 

contrôleur, m. controller, checker, inspector, 

contrôleur-mesureur, m. (Sttgar) an instru- 
ment for recording the amoimt of beet juice 

Gontrouvé, a. fabricated, forged, false. 

controverse, /. controversy. 

controverser, v.t. dispute, controvert, de- 

convaincant, a. convincing; convicting. 

convaincre, v.t. convince; convict. 

convaincu, p.a. convinced; convicted. 

convainquant, p.a. convincing; convicting. 

convallaire, /. (Bot.) convallaria. 

convallarlne, /. convallarin. 

y Google 


coBTeetioii, /. convection. 

conTenable, a. suitable; expedient; becoming, 

proper; well-bred. — m. propriety. 
eonveiiableineiit, adv. suitably. 
conTenance, /. convenience; conformity; 

agreement; suitableness; propriety. 
conTenaiit, a. convenient; suitirtïle; proper. 

— of convenir. 
eouTenlr, v.i. admit, acknowledge; agree; suit, 

be suitable; be expedient; be proper. 
ooDTentloii, /. convention. 
conTena» p.p. of convenir. 
conTergeiice, /. convergence, convergenoy. 
oonTergeiit, p.a. converging, convergent. 
converger, v.i. converge. 
coBTerse» a. A f. converse. 
converslble, a. convertible. 
eoiiTMVioii, /. conversion. 
conTerti, p.a. converted. — m. convert. 
coDTertlblllte, /. convertibility. 
convertible» a. convertible. 
convertir, v.t. convert. — v.r. be converted, 

change, turn. 
convertlssable, a. convertible. 
convertissant, p.p. of convertir. 
convertlssement, m. conversion, converting. 
convertisseur, m. converter. 
convexe, a. convex. 
convexité, /. convexity. 
convient, pr. s sing, of convenir. 
convier, v.t. invite, ask, beg, prompt. 
convint, p. def. S sing, of convenir. 
convoi, m. (railway) train; convoy; funeral. 

— de marchandises, freight train, good strain. 

— de petite vitesse, slow train. 

— direct (or exprès), express train. 
^nvoltenx, a. covetous. 
convolvoUne, /. convolvulin. 
convoquer, v.t. convoke, call. 
convulser, v.t. convulse. 
convulslf, a. convulsive. 
convulsion, /. convulsion. 
convulsionner, convulslver, v.t. convulse. 
convulsivement, adv. convulsively. 
coopératif, a. cooperative. 

coopteer, v.t. cooperate. 
coordonnateur, a. coordinating. 
coordonné, p.a. coordinated, coordinate. 
coordonnée, /. coordinate. 

coordonnées polaires, polar coordinates. 

coordonnées rectangulaires, rectangular co- 
coordonner, v.t. coordinate. 
copahu, m. copaiba. 
copaler, m. copaiba tree, any tree of the genus 

copal, m., copale, /. copal. 
copallne, /. (Min.) copalite, oopaline. 
copalme, m. copalm. 
copayer, m. » copaler. 



eppeau» m. chip, shaving. 

— de sapin, fir (deal, pine) shaving. 
copeaux d*aUsage, borings. 
copeaux de tour, turnings. 

copie, /. copy. 
copier, v.U copy. 
copieusement, adv. copiously. 
copleuXf a. copious. 
copiste, m. copier, copjrist. 
coprah, copra, /., copre, m. oopra. 
coprédpltlne, /. ooprecipitin. 
copropriété, /. joint property. 
copulation, /. coupling; copulation. 
copuler, v.t. couple; (of animals) copulate. 

— v.r. couple. 

COQ, m. cock; (on shipboard) cook. 

coque, /. shell; cocoon; (of ships) hull; (of a 

boiler) body; kink; (Ceram.) see coque 

d'œuf, below. 

— d*atuf, eggshell; {Ceram.) a dull porous 
state of the glase due to imperfect vitrifica- 

— du Levant, cocculus indicus. 
coquelicot, m. coquelicot (the corn poppy. Pa- 
paver rhœas, or its red color). 

coqueluche, /. {Med.) whooping cough. 

coqueluchon, m. (Bot.) aconite. 

coqueret, m., coquerelle, /. (Bot.) alkekengi. 

coquillage, m. shellfish; shell. 

coquille, /. shell; (Paper) a size about 17 X 22 

inches; (Founding) chill; (Mach.) casing, 

housing; typographical error. 
COquUler, v.t. (Founding) cast in a chill mold. 
coquUleux, coqulIUer, a. shelly. 
cor, m. horn (instrument); com (callosity). 

— de chasse, hunting horn, bugle; (Maeh,) 
a part looped like a bugle. 

corail, m. coral. 
corallleux, corallien, a. coral. 
coralline, /. corallin. 
coraux, pi. of corail. 
corbeau, m. raven; corbel, bracket. 
corbeille, /. basket. 
corbelllée, /. basketful, basket. 
cordage, m. rope, cord, cordage; cording (of 
wood) ; measuring (of wood) by cords. 

— goudronné, tarred rope. 

cordat, m. a coarse wrapping cloth; coarse 

corde, /. cord, twine, rope, string, line; thread; 
(of wood) cord; (Oeom.) chord; (Afimc) 
string; (Qlass) a cordlike defect on blown 
glass, due to incomplete fusion. 

— à boyau, catgut. 

— à feu, fuse, match. 

— à violon, violin string. 

— à violoncelle, cello string, violoncello string. 

— de piano, piano string, piano wire. 

— en fil de fer, wire rope. 

cordé, p.a. corded; twisted; (Bot.) cordate. 

uigiiizea Dy 



eordean, m. Une, string, small cord or rope; 

— Bickfordt Bickford fuse. 

— (Tamoree, fuse, match. 

— détonant, detonating fuse. 

— porte-feu, fuse, match. 
cordée, /. cord (of wood). 

cordeler, v.t. twist, twine, lay (into rope). 

cordelette, /. small cord, string, line. 

cordellne,/. (Olaas) ferret; selvedge, list. 

corder, v.t. cord; twist; measure by the cord. 
— v.r. become stringy; twist; be corded. 

corderle, /. cordage making; cordage business; 
cordage factory, ropewalk. 

COTdial, a. <& m. cordial. 

cordler, a. cordage. — m. rope maker or seller. 

cordiérite, /. (Af tn.) iolite, cordierite. 

cordon, m. string, cord; strand; band, tape; 
ribbon; row, string, line, string; cordon; 
border; milled edge (of a coin). 

cordonner, v.t. twist; plait, plat, braid. 

cordonnerie, /. shoe making, trade or shop. 

cordonnet, m. small cord, string; braid; silk 
twist; milling (on a coin). 

C(Vdonnler, m. shoemaker; shoe dealer. 

cordouan, tn. cordovan (leather). 

Cordoue, /. Cordova. 

Corée, /. Korea. 

coriace, a. tough, leatherlike. 

coriace, a. coriaceous, leatherlike. 

corlaire, /. (Bot.) tanner's sumac. 

coriandre, /. (Bot.) coriander. 

coriandroi, m. coriandrol (linalodl). 

corindon, m. (Min.) corundum. 

corindonlque, a. conmdum. 

corme, /. service berry. 

cormier, m. service tree (Sorbtu domeatioa). 

comaille, /. hom raspings. 

cornaline, /. (Min.) camelian. 

comard, m. (Olass) a hooked tool for removing 
crucibles from the furnace. 

come,/, horn; prong, point; turned-down cor- 
ner (of a sheet of paper) ; fruit of the cor- 

— de cerf, hartshorn. 

— d'abondance, cornucopia, hom of plenty. 
come, a. horny, horn, corneous. 

cornée, /. (Ana^) cornea; (Bot.) a member of 

the Cornaceœ. 
coméenne, /. (Petrog.) aphanite. 
corneille, /. crow; (Bot.) loosestrife. 
cornéilane, /. (Min.) camelian. 
cornéole, /. woadwazen, dyer's weed (Oenista 

comer, v.i. soimd a hom; (of the ears) ring; 

smell, stink. — v.t. din; hom; turn down 

the comer of. 
cornet, m. bag, cornet; little hom; dice box; 

(Assaying, Music, etc.) comet. 
eornetler, m. hom worker. 



corniche, /. cornice; (Bot.) water caltrop. 
cornier, a. comer. — m. (Bot.) cornel (Cor* 

cornière, /. angle iron, comer iron. 
Comouallles, n. Comwall. 
comoullle, /. cornel berry, fruit of the comeL 
«wnoulller, m. (Bot.) any plant of the genus 

Cornus (cornels and dogwoods). 

— à grandes fleurs, flowering dogwood (Cor- 
nus florida). 

eornn, a. homed; ang\ilar, cornered; absurd. 
cornue, /. retort; a large two-han(Ued vessel 
for carrying liquids; (MetcU.) converter. 

— à gaz, gas retort. 

— à goudron, tar still, tar retort. 

— à lessives, a vessel for carrying lye. 

— de distUlation, retort. 

corollaire, m. corollary. — a. (Bot.) corolline. 

corolle, /. (Bot.) corolla. 

corozo, m. vegetable ivory (from the coroso 

corporation, /. guild, union. 

corporlller, v.t. (Old Chem.) corporify, solidify. 

corps, m. substance, compoimd; body; (MU.) 
corps. (Careful modem usage avoids use 
of the term "body" for substances.) 

— aldéhydique, aldehydic substance, alde- 

— az(aé, nitrogenous substance, nitrogen 

— comburant, supporter of combustion. 

— composé, compoimd. 

— creux, hollow body; hollow ware. 

— desséchant, dehydrating agent, desiccating 

— étranger, foreign substance; foreign body 
(e.g. in the eye). 

— gazeux, gaseous substance, gas; gaseous 
body, body of gas. 

— gras, fatty substance (including, in the 
most general sense, fats, soaps, fatty acids 
and even lecithin, etc.) ; specif., fat (corps 
gras proprement dit). 

— isolant, insulator. 

— muquetuc de Malpighi, Malpighian layer. 

— rédiActeur, reducing substance, reducer. 

— simple, simple substance, element. 
corpusculaire, a. corpuscular. 
corpuscule, m. corpuscle. 

correct, a. correct. 

correctement, adv. correctly. 

correcteur, m. corrector; proofreader. — a. 
correcting, corrective. 

correctif, a. A m. corrective. 

correction, /. correction; correctness. 

c<MTélatlf, a. A m. correlative. 

corrélation, /. correlation. 

corrélativement, adv. correlatively. 

correspondance, /. correspondence; commu- 

Digitized by 





Mnrespondant, p.a. correBponding. — m. 

eomspondre» v.i. A r. correspond. 

corrigé» p.a. corrected. — m. corrected copy. 

eorriger» v.t. correct. — t».r. be corrected; cor- 
rect oneself, reform. 

MHToborant, p.a. corroborating, corroborant. 

— m. (3f ed.) corroborant, tonic. 
corroboratlf» a. corroborative. 
corrobora*» v.t. corroborate. 

corrodant» p.a. corroding, corrosive; erosive. 

— m. corrosive. 

corroder» v.t. corrode; erode. — v.r. be cor- 
roded; be eroded. 

corrol» m. (Leather) currying; claying, pud- 
dling; puddle. 

corroirle, /. curriery. 

corromfH^, v.t. corrupt; soften (as leather or 
iron); deprive of plasticity (as wax). 

— v.r. become corrupted, softened, etc. 
corrompu» p.a. corrupted, etc. (see corrompre), 

corrupt; putrid. 

corrosif» a. & m. corrosive. 

corrosion» /. corrosion; (Oeol.) erosion. 

corroyage» m. currying, etc. (see corroyer). 

corroyé-masse» /. scrap iron. 

corroyer, v.t. curry (leather or skins); work, 
hammer, forge, weld (iron, etc.); puddle, 
pug (clay or with clay); knead, beat, 
malax (dough, mortar, etc.); dress down, 
plane (wood) ; {Dyeing) spread out on the 

corroyère» /. (Bot.) tanner's sumac. 

corroyeur» m. currier, etc. (see corroyer). 

corruption» /. corruption ; specif. , putrefaction. 

Corse, /. Corsica. 

CtH*sé» p.a. full-bodied, full-flavored, strong. 

corser» v.t. give body, consistency, flavor or 
strength to. 

corton» m. a kind of Burgundy wine. 

combls, m. artificial corundum. 

cosecante, /. (Math.) cosecant. 

cosinus» m. (Math.) cosine. 

cosmétique» a. A m. cosmetic. 

cosmique» a. cosmic. 

cosmogonie» /. cosmogony. 

cosse» /. pod, husk, hull (of peas, etc.). 

cossette» /. chip, slice, cossette. 

cosseterle» /. cutting into chips or slices and 
the treatment of these (in the case of chic- 
ory, drying). 

cotangente» /. (Math.) cotangent. 

cotamlne» /. cotarnine. 

cote, /. quota; classification mark; figure in- 
dicating a dimension, altitude or the like on 
a plan or chart; (Com.) quotation. 

côte»/, rib; slope; shore, coast. 

— à — , side by side. 

— de soie, silk floss, cappadine. 
CÙU cCIvoire, Ivory Coast. 

Cftte occidentale. West Coast (esp. of Africa). 
coté» p.a. lettered, numbered; (Com.) quoted. 
côté» m. side; (Printing) form. 

à — , on one side, sideways, sidewise; ob- 
liquely; near, by; close together. 

à — de, beside, close to, near. 

— delà chair, (Leather) flesh side. 
— : poU, (Leather) hair side. 

de — , on one side, sideways; obliquely; awry; 

aside, apart. 
du — de, among; with respect to, regarding. 
coteau» m. slope, hillside; hill. 
Côte-d*Or, /. Côte-d'Or (a department of 

coter, v.t. number, letter; (Com.) quote. 
côtler» a. coasting, pertaining to the coast. 
côtlte«» /. side stone (of a furnace) ; (Founding) 

one of the parts of a mold. 
cotln» cotlnus» m. (Bot.) fustet (Cotinus 

cotisation, /. assessment; clubbing together; 

share, quota. 
cotiser» v.t. assess. — v.r. club together. 
coton» m. cotton; down. 

— absorbant, absorbent cotton. 

— azotique, nitrated cotton, guncotton. 

— brut, raw cotton. 

— caoutchouté, rubberized cotton. 

— courte soie, shortnstaple cotton. 

— de verre, glass wool. 

— endécanitrique, Vieille's name for the high- 
est nitration product of cotton. 

— en laine, cotton wool, raw cotton. 

— fulminant, fulminating cotton, guncotton. 

— hydrophile, absorbent cotton. 

— longue soie, long-staple cotton. 

— minéral, mineral wool, slag wool, minwal 

— nitrate, nitrated cotton. 

— oidoniirique, a nitrated cotton of the form- 
ula CmH^ij(N08)8 (according to Vieille). 

— pyrique, (Expl.) pjo-ocotton. 
cotonlser» v.r. become like cotton. 
cotonnade» /. cotton fabric, cotton goods. . 
cotonné» p.a. cottony, downy; (of hair) 


cotonner» v.i. become nappy or downy; (of 
copper) become covered with light spots. 
— v.r. become nappy or downy. 

cotonnerle, /. cotton plantation; cotton cul- 
ture; cotton mill. 

cotonneux» a. cottony. 

cotonnier» m. (Bot.) cotton plant. — a. cotton. 

eoton-poudre» m. guncotton. 

côtoyer, v.t. go along, coast, skirt. 

cotylédon, m. cotyledon. 

eotylédonalre» a. cotyledonary, cotyledonous. 

cotylédoné» a. cotyledonous. 

cou» m. neck. 

— de cygne, see col de cygne, under eoL 

uigitizea Dy '' 





eoaduuit» p.p. of coucher. — m. west; decline; 

setting sun. 
couchart, m. {Paper) coucher. 
conche, /. layer; bed, stratum; coat, coating; 

(firetnng) couch; bed; hotbed; childbed, 


— cornée^ homy layer. 

— de Malpighi, Malpighian layer. 

— dHmpreasion, (Painting) priming coat. 

— isolante, insulating layer. 

coucher» v. t. lay, lay flat, lay dowo, lay on; 
coat; write down; inscribe, insert; (Paper) 
couch. — v.i. lie, lie down; sleep. — v.r. 
go to bed; lie, lie down; (of the sun, etc.) 
set. — m. lying, recumbent position; (of 
the Sim, etc.) setting; bed, bedding. 

oouchenr, m. layer, coater, etc. (see cou- 

OOUChls, m. bed, layer, stratum; (of a boiler) 
lagging; (Gardening) layer. 

COUCOU» m. cuckoo; cuckoo clock. 

coud, pr. S sing, of coudre. 

coude» /. elbow; knee, angle, bend, tiu'n, bow, 
loop; crank, cranked part. 

coudé, p.a. bent, kneed, cranked. 

couder» v.t. bend (in the form of an elbow), 
knee, crank. — v.r. form an elbow. 

coudrage» m. soaking in tan liquor. 

coudran, coudranner» etc. See goudron, 
goudronner, etc. 

coudre, v.t. sew; tack on, attach. — v.i. sew. 

— v.r. be sewed; be joined. 
coudrée, /. arid land. 
COUdrement» m. soaking in tan liquor. 
coudrer, v.t. soak in tan liquor. 
ooudret, m. tanning vat, tan vat. 
ooudreuse, /. an apparatus for stirring tan 

coudrier» m. (Bot.) hazel, hasel tree. 
couenne»/, pigskin, (of bacon) rind; any thick 

couette, /. socket; feather bed. 
coulage» m. flowing, leaking, casting, etc. (see 

couler); Qoss due to or allowance made 

for) leakage; waste; scalding, scouring, 

bucking (in laimdries). 

— à noyau (or à noyaux), core casting. • 

— en ctyquille, chill casting. 

— en sable, sand casting. 

— en terre, loam casting. 

coulant» p.a. flowing, etc. (see couler); fluid; 
(of machine parts) movable, sliding; (of 
kilns, etc.) continuous; (of soil) not firm, 
caving; fluent; accommodating. — m. 
(Mach.) slide, slider, runner. 

coulé» p.a. cast, etc. (see couler, v.t.). — m. cast, 

coulée» /. casting; tapping, running off (of 
metal); discharge; channel from fiu*nace 
to mold; spray (side channel in a mold); 

head, sullage piece (of a casting); (Oeoi.) 
coulée; running hand. 

coulement» m. flow, flowing. 

couler» v.t. flow, run; leak, run out; glide, 
slide, slip; slip, creep; (of fruits, etc.) 
drop; (of ships) sink; (Founding) run 
thru the mold. — v.t. oast, pour, mold, 
found; tap (metal or a furnace); filter, 
strain; cause to flow, pass, run; sink (a 
ship); pass (time); slip; engrave boldly; 
lead, nm lead into. — v.r. slip, glide; ruin 

couleur, /. color, colour; specif., dye; a 
variety of smalt. — m. caster (in foimd- 
ries and ceramic work); soalder, scourer 
(in laimdries). 

— à cuve, vat dye. 

— à eau, — à Veau, water color. 

— à Vhuile, oil color. 

— à mordants, mordant dye, mordant color. 

— au pinceau, brush color, artist's color. 

— atckque, aso dye, aso color. 

— bon teint, fast color, fast dye. 

— (Haire, light color. 

— campUmentaire, complementary color. 

— composée, secondary color. 

— d*anUine, aniline color, aniline dye. 

— de chair, flesh color. 

— de feu de moufle, (Ceram.) overglase color. 

— de grand feu, (Ceram.) any color applied in 
or under the glaze. 

— dHmprimerie, colored printing ink. 

— du recuit, tempering color. 

— en détrempe, distemper color. 

— faux teint, fugitive color, fugitive dye. 

— foncée, dark color. 

— glacée, an azo dye produced on the fiber 
with the use of an iced diazo solution. 

— grand teint, fast color, fast dye. 

— grattée, pale color. 

— lavée, pale color, faint color. 

— matrice, primary color. 

— minérale, mineral color. 

— mode, mode color. 

— pour cuve, vat dye. 

— primitive, primary color. 

— rabattue, saddened or darkened color. 

— secondaire, secondary color. 

— solide, fast color, fast dye. 

— vitrifiable, vitrifiable color, enamel color. 
mettre en — , color, stain; alter the surface of 

(a gold alloy) by pickling. 

couleuvre, /. snake. 

eouleuvrée» /. (Bot.) a name for plants which 
corresponds (but only in part) to snake- 

— de Virginie, Virginia snakeroot (Ariitolo- 
chia serpentaria). 

Gouleuvrlne» /. (Bot.) bistort, snakeweed (Polp- 
gonum Idstorta). 

uigitized by 





I m. grout, thin mortar; molten metal; 

strained broth. 

I /. groove, slot, channel, giiide, slide; 

slotted link; sliding shutter. 
à — , sliding, with sliding motion. 
eouiuéeftn» m. small groove; (piece which 

slides in a groove) slide block, slider, guide 

blodc, guide, tongue. 
eouliflsement, m. sliding, sliding motion. 
coulisser, «.«. slide. — v.t. furnish with 

grooves or guides. 
couloir, m. strainer, colander; hopper; pas- 
sage, passageway, lobby. 
eoulolre, /. strainer, colander; vessel placed 

tmder the spigot of a cask; drawplate. 
coulomb, m. (JBlec.) coulomb. 
coulombmètre, m. coulomb meter. 
coulommiers, m. a kind of cheese similar to 

coulure, /. running, running down (as of glaze), 

running out (as of cast metal); failure of 

fruit due to falling off of pollen. 
coumarlne, /. coumarin. 
coumarique, a. coumaric. 
counuurone, m. coumarone (bensofuran). 
coumarfUaue, a. co«marilic. 
coumys, m. kumiss. 
coup, m. stroke; blow, shock; shot, report, 

discharge (of a firearm); blast; time, turn; 

draft (of liquor) ; move, throw (in games) ; 

bruise; wound. 
à — , all at once. 
à — 8Ûr, siurely, certainly. 
après — t too late, afterward. 

— éCarrière^ back stroke, return stroke. 

— éCcatance^ forward stroke. 

— dedi, — de dès, cast of the dice, (fig.) ven- 

— âe feu^ sudden increase in heat; heating; 
burning; overheating, overbuming; 
{Founding) melting heat. 

— de minet blast. 

— d'essai, first attempt; proof shot. 

— d'onl, glance,, look, sight, view. 

— heureux, lucky shot (throw, move), lucky 

— sur — , one after another, successively, un- 

pour le — , this time, for once. 

OOU^ble, a. guilty; culpable. — m. culprit. 
_ , m. cutting, etc. (see couper) ; mixing 
(of liquids); specif., addition of ferment- 
ing liquid to unfermented to start the fer- 
mentation; dilution (e.g. of alcohol); mix- 
ture, blend (of wines, etc.). 

coupant, p.a. cutting, etc. (see couper); 
sharp. — m. (sharp) edge. 

coupe, /. cutting; cut; section; a shallow cup 
or glass having a foot and stem. 

— en long, longitudinal section. 

coupe en travers, cross section. 

— horizontale, horisontal section, plan. 

— transwrsale, cross section. 

— verticale, vertical section. 
coupé, p.a. cut, etc. (see couper). 
coupeau, m. cutting, snip, chip. (Cf. copeau.) 
coupe-air, m. trap. 

coupe-betteraTes, m. sugar-beet slicer, beet- 
root slicer. 

coupe-eannes, m. sugar-cane slicer. 

coupe-drcult, m. {Elec.) circuit breaker, cut- 
out, fuse. 

coupellatlon, /. cupellation. 

COUpeUe, /. cupel; pan for burning sulfur in a 
steriUzing apparatus; cup (in certain tech. 
senses) ; small cup on a stem; small shovel 
for gunpowder. 

coupeiler, v.t. cupel. 

coupelleur, m. oupeller. 

coupemeni, m. cutting, etc. (see couper). 

coupe-net, m. wire cutters, nippers. 

couper, v.t. cut; cut up, cut o£F, cut out; (of 
liquids) mix, blend, dilute (e.g. alcohol), 
cut. — v.i. cut. — v.r. cut oneself; be cut; 
cut; divide, part, cleave; cut each other, 
cross, intersect; (of fabrics) wear at the 
folds; contradict oneself. 

coupe-racines, m. root cutter, specif, beetroot 

couperet, m. cutter, (large) knife; cleaver, 
chopper; enameler's file. 

couperose, /. copperas, vitriol (copperas is now 
used in English only of the green iron salt, 
FeS04 • 7 HjO); {Med.) acne rosacea. 

— blanche, white viteiol (zinc sulfate). 

— bleue, blue vitriol (copper sulfate). 

— verte, green vitriol, copperas. 
coupe-tubes, coupe-tuyau, m. tube cutter. 
coupeur, m. cutter. — a. cutting. 
coupeuse, /. cutter. 

couplage, m. coupling; (Elec.) connection. 

couple,/, couple. — m. couple; timber, frame. 

couplement, m. coupling; (^lec.) connection. 

coupler, v.t. couple; (Elec.) connect. 

couplet, m. couplet; hinge, hinged joint. 

coupoir, m. cutter. 

coupole, /. cupola. 

coupon, m. coupon; fraction (of a share); 
remnant (of a cloth). 

coupure, /. cut; ditch, trench; small bank 

cour, /. court. 

courade, /. a kind of sardine. 

courage, m. courage; heart; spirit; temper. 

couramment, adv. commonly, currently; 

courant, p.a. current, present, ordinary, com- 
mon; lineal; running. — m. current; 
course, run; current month, inst.; length 
(as of a building). 

ijigitizea Dy 





eomant à haute fréquence^ high-frequenoy cur- 

— alternatifs alternating current. 

— biphasé, two-phase (or diphasé) current. 

— continu, continuous current. 

— d'ailumage, lighting current. 

— de charge, charging current. 

— de retour, return current. 

— dérivé, derived current, shunt current. 

— direct, direct current. 

— discontinu, intermittent current. 

— inducteur, inducing current, primary cur- 

— induit, induced current, secondary current. 

— monophasé, single-phase (or monophase) 

— polyphasé, polyphase current. 

— redressé, rectified current. 

— tellurique, — terrestre, earth current, 
groimd current. 

— triphasé, three-phase (or triphasé) current. 

— vagabond, stray current. 

— vibré, alternating current. 
oonrlMible, a. bendable. 

COlirbage» m. bending, curving, bowing. 
COUrliarU» m. courbaril {Hymencea courbaril). 
eoiirbarlne, /. courbaril (resin), courbaril 

eoiirbe» /. curve; turn, bend; knee, rib; con- 
tour. — a. curved. 
courbé, p.a. curved, bent, bowed; crooked; 

bowed down; stooping. 
coiirbement» m. bending, curving, curvature, 

courbw, v.t. bend, curve, bow. — v.i. bend, 

bow, stoop. — v.r. bend, be bent, bow, 

courbure, /. curvature, curve, bend, bending, 

inflection, flexure. 
courent, pr. s pi. indie. A subj. of courir. 
coureur, m. nmner; rover; frequenter. 
courge, /. (Bot.) cucurbit, member of the genus 

Cv,curbita (including pumpkin, squash, 

courir, v.i. run; be ciurent; run about, go 

about; hasten. — v.i. run; run after, 

follow, frequent; roam over, travel over; 

overrun; be current in. 
couronne, /. crown; ring; halo, corona; rim 

(of a wheel) ; hoop. 
couronnement, m. crowning; cap, coping, 

top, top piece; coronation. 

— en éventail, wing top (of a burner). 
couronner, v.t. crown; cap. 

courra, fut. s sing, of courir. 

courrier, m. mail, post, correspondence; 

courier, messenger. 
courrol, m. (Dyeing) roller. 
courroie, /. belt; strap; band. 

— de transmianon, driving belt, belt. 

couffoie bandoulière, shoulder strap, shoulder 

— sans fin, endless belt. 

courroyBge, courroyer, etc. See corroyer, 

corroyage, etc. 
cours, m. course; price, rate; market price; 

avoir —, be current, circulate. 

— de chimie, chemistry course (specif., a 
course of lectures or recitations as distin- 
guished from laboratory work) ; (as a title) 
textbook on chemistry. 

course, /. course, race, run; journey, trip, 
walk, ride, drive; distance; stroke (of a 
piston); throw (of a crank); flight (of a 

counter, m. mill race; (Calico) a cloth made 
to travel underneath the cloth to be 
printed in order to prevent soiling and to 
improve the printing. 

court, a., m. A adv. short. — pr. S sing, of 

courtage, m. brokerage. 

court-circuit, m. (Elec.) short circuit. 

court-drcultcr, v.t. short-circuit. 

oourtement, adv. shortly, briefly. 

courtier, m. broker. 

courtois, a. courteous. 

couru, p.p. of courir. 

cous, m. whetstone. 

cousant, p.a. sewing, etc. (see coudre). 

cousent, pr. S pi. of coudre. 

eouseuse, /. sewer; stitcher. 

coussin, m. cushion. 

cousslner, v.t. cushion, pad. 

coussinet, m. pad, cushion; (Mach.) journal 
bearing, (journal) box, pillow, pillow block, 
bush, bushing, brass; (of rails) , chair; 

— à biUes, ball bearing. 

— à fileter, — de fiiière, screw die. 
cousso, m. (Pharm.) cusso; (Bot.) any plant 

of the genus Hagenia. 
cousu, p.a. sewed; attached; (of the mouth) 

coût, m. cost, price, expense. 
coûtant, of coûter; (of price) cost. 
couteau, m. knife; (of a balance) knife edge; 


— affilé, sharp knife. 

— bdge, (Expl.) granulating knife. 

— émoussé, blunt knife. 

— rdcUnr, scraping knife, scraper. 

— rond, round knife. 
couteiet, m. small knife. 

coutellerie, /. cutlery; cutlery works or shop. 
ooutdure, /. damage done to leather or skins 

by the knife used in dressing. 
coûter, v.i. cost; be dear (costly); be painful. 
coûteux, a. costly, expensive, dear. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





eoutU, m. ticking, tent cloth, drill, duok. 
coutume» /. custom. 

de — , customary, customarily. 
eoutumler, a. accustomed; customary. 
eoutumlèrement» adv. customarily, usually. 
COUtuie» /. seam; sewing, stitching. 
couTer, v.t. brood on, incubate; brood over. 
coUTercle» m. cover, lid; cap, top. 

— à anneaut ringed cover, ring cov», ringed 

couvert, p.a. covered, etc. (see couvrir); ob- 
scure; secret; deep-oolored (wine); cloudy 
(weather); sheltered (country). — m. 
cover; lodging. 

couverte» /. covering; facing; (Ceratn.) glaze, 
esp. a hard, difficultly fusible aluminous 

— écaille, (Ceratn.) a reddish brown glase re- 
sembling tortoise shell. 

couTcrture, /. cover, covering; roof, roofing; 

blanket, coverlet; (Com.) security. 
couvre, pr. S «ing. indie. A subj. of couvrir. 
couvre-amorce, m. primer cap, primer cover. 
couvre-objet, m. (Micros.) cover glass. 
couvrir, v.t. cover; face; screen; outbid. 

— v.r. cover oneself; be covered; be 

covelline, /. (Min.) covellite, covelline. 
C.r., abbret. Comptes rendus (which see). 
crachat, m. sputum, spit, spittle. 
crachement, m. spitting, etc. (see cracher). 
cracher, v.i. spit; sputter; (of boilers) prime, 

foam; start at the joints; (Elec.) spark; 

(Founding) run over. — v.t. spit, spit out, 

throw out. 
Cracovie, /. Oaoow, Exakow. 
cracque, /. crack, fissure. 
crale, /. chalk. 

— de Briançon, (Min.) steatite. 

— lavée, — préparée, (Phann.) prepared 

— précipitée, (Phann.) precipitated chalk. 
craignant, of craindre. 

cndgnent, pr. S pi. indic. & eubj. of craindre. 
craindre, v.t. tear, be afraid of; (of objects) 
be liable to injury from. — v.i. fear,» be 
afraid; hesitate (with de), 
je crains qu'il ne vienne, I fear he will come. 
je crains qu'il ne vienne pas, I fear he wiU not 
craint, p.a. feared, dreaded. 
crainte, /. fear, apprehension. 
de — de, for fear of. 
de — que, for fear that, lest. 
cramoisi, a. A m. crimson. 
crampe, /. cramp. 

crampon, m. cramp, cramp iron, clamp; staple. 
cramponner, v.t. cramp, clamp. 
cramponnet, m. small cramp or clamp; 

cran, m. notch, nick; defect in welding; (BoL) 

— de Bretagne, horseradish. 
cranage, m. notching. 

crâne, m. skull, cranium. — a. bold. 

crânien, a. cranial. 

crapaud, m. toad; mushroom anchor; arm-- 

crapaudine, / bearing, bushing, bush, brass; 
socket; pivot; escape valve; grating, 
screen (of a waste pipe). 

craquelage, m. crackle manufacture. 

craquelé, a. (Ceram. & Glass) crackled. — m. 

craquelée, /. crackle, crackle ware. 

<»aquttement, m. crackling, crackled state. 

craqueler, v.t. crackle (as porcelain or glass). 

craquelin, m. hard biscuit, cracker. 

craquellement, m. »» craquèlement. 

craquelure, /. cracking (as of varnish or paint). 

craquement, m. cracking; crackling; creak- 

craquer, v.i. crack; crackle; creak. 

craquetant, p.a. crackling. 

craquètement, m. crackling, decrepitation. 

craqueter, v.t. crackle, decrepitate. 

craquette, /. impurities removed from melted 

craqure, /. crack, fissure. 

crasse, /., crasses, /. pi. (of metals) dross; 
(Jjeaiher) a scum of lime soaps, albuminoid 
matter, etc.; dirt, filth; fouling. 
crasse noire, black dross, specif . a mixture of 
lead antimonate and antimonite formed in 
lead refining. 

crassement, m. fouling. 

crasser, v.t. foul; dirty. 

cratère, m. crater. 

crayer, v.t. chalk, mark with chalk. — m. 
vitrified coal ashes. 

crayeux, a. chalky. 

crayon, m. crayon; pencil; (Elec.) carbon; 
sketch, outline. 

— à dessiner, drawing pencil. 

— à gaine, incased crayon, pencil. 

— à lumière, electric-light carbon. 

— d'azotate d'argent, silver nitrate stick. 

— de carbone, carbon rod, carbon. 

— de couleur, colored pencil. 

— de graphite, — de mine de plomb, lead 

— électrique, arc-light carbon. 
crayonnage, m. drawing. 
crayonner, v.t. diaw; mark; sketch. 
crayonneux, a. chalky. 

créance, /. credit; credence; claim, debt. 

créancier, m. creditor. 

créateur, a. creative. — m. creator. 

creatine, /. creatine. 

creatinine, /. creatinine. 

Digitized by 



otetliiiqne, a. creatinio. 

créfttloii, /. creation. 

crtetrioe» a. /em. of créateur. 

crédIblUté, /. credibiUty. 

crédit, m. credit. 

créditer, v.t. credit. 

créer, v.t. create. 

erémaOlère, /. rack, toothed bar, rack bar. 

crème, /. cream; sirupy liqueur. 

— d'amandes, almond cream. 

— de chatuct cream of lime. 

— de eoufre^ sublimed sulfur, flowers of sulfur. 

— de tartre, cream of tartar. 

— de tartre eduble, soluble cream of tartar (a 
product of the solution of cream of tartar 
in boric add or borax). 

— froide, cold cream. 
crémer, v.t. cream. — x.t. cremate. 
crémeux, a. creamy. 
crémomètre, m. creamometer. 
crémone, /. a kind of sash latch. 
créneler, v.f. indent; notch, cog, tooth. 
crénelore, /. indentation, indenting, notching. 
créosol, m. creoeol. 

créosotage, m. creoeoting. 
créosotal, m. iPharm.) creoeotal. 
créosote, /. creosote. 

— du goudron de boie, wood-tar creosote. 
créosoter, v.t. creosote. 

crêpage, m. dressing or glossing of crdpe; crap- 
ing, crimping. 

crêpe, m. crdpe; specif., crape. 

crépor, t.t. crape, crimp, crisp. 

crépi, m. rough coat (of plaster). 

crépine, /. strainer; fringe; omentum, caul. 

crépir, v.t. grain (leather); rough-K^ast, rough- 
coat (walls); crisp (hair). 

crépissage, m. graining, etc. (see crépir). 

crépitant, p.a. crepitating, crepitant. 

crépitation, /., crépitement, m. crepitation, 

crépiter, v.i. crepitate, crackle. 

crépon, m. crépon (a thick craped fabric). 

crépu, a. criiq)ed, ciurled, (of hair) woolly. 

crépuscille, m. twilight (either dawn or dusk). 

trésol, m. cresol. 

cresson, m. (Bot.) cress. 

— de fontaine, watercress. 

— Para, Para cress (Spilanthes olercuxa). 
crésyl, m. cresyl (an antiseptic). 
crésyle, m. cresyl (the radical). 
crésyllque, a. cresylic. 

erésyllte, /. cresylite (trinitro-m-cresol). 
crésylol, m. cresol. 
crétacé, a. cretaceous. 
crête, /. crest. 
crétin, m. (Med.) cretin. 
cretons, cracklings, greaves (of tallow). 
creusage, creusement, m. digging, etc. (see 



creuse, a. fem. of creux. 

creuser, v.t. dig, excavate, hollow out; go 
deeply into, study carefully. — v.r. be- 
come hollow. 

creuset, m. crucible. 
T— brasqué, brasqued crudble. 

— de Oooch, Gooch crudble. 

— de Heaae, Hessian crucible. 

— de Paris, French crucible, Paris crudble. 

— de Rose, Rose crucible (with tube passing 
thru the cover). 

— en argent, silver crucible. 

— en biscuit, unglazed porcelain crucible. 

— en charbon de cornue, retort-carbon cru- 

— en fer forgé, wrought-iron crudble. 

— en fomie, cast-iron crudble. 

— en grks, sand crudble, stoneware crudble. 

— en plaiine, platinum crucible. 

— en plombagine, graphite crucible, black- 
lead crucible. 

— en porcelaine, porcelain crudble. 

— en sUice, silica crucible. 

— en terre, clay crudble. 

— en terre de Paris, «» creuset de Paris. 
creusetler, creuslste, m. crucible maker. 
creusure, /. hollowing, hollow. 

creux, a. hollow; (of iron, etc.) tubular; empty; 

deep; (of food) unsubstantial. — m. 

cavity, hollow, hole; mold (for casting); 

depth (of a ship or a cog), 
en — , in intaglio. 
crevasse, /. crevice, fissure, crack; crevasse. 
crevassa*, v.t., i. A r. crack, chink, spUt. 
crever, v.i. burst, break; (of animals) die. 

— v.t. burst, break; kill. — v.r. burst. 
crevette, /. shrimp; prawn. 
crl, m. cry; creaking; rustling (as of silk); 


— de Vétain, tin cry, creaking of tin. 
criblage, m. sifting, screening, riddling. 
crible, m. sieve, screen, riddle. 

— à secousse, shaking deve, swing sieve. 

— sasseur, bolter. 
cribler, v.t. sift, screen, riddle. 
cribleur, m. sifter. 
criblure, /. sif tings. 

eric, m. jack, lifting jack. 

— à vis, screw jack. 

crier, v.t. cry, cry out, squeal, bark, etc.; creak; 

rustle; giate; scold. — v.t. cry; proclaim; 

offer for sale. 
Crimée, /. Oimea. 
criminel, a. A m. criminal. 
crin, m. (coarse) hair, esp. horsehair; Ixistles. 

— végiùu, vegetable fiber, esp. palm fiber. 
criquet, m. locust; cricket. 

criqûre, /. crack, fissure. 

crise, /. crisis. 

crispation, /. shriveling, etc. (see cinsper). 





r, v.t. shrivel, contract; wrinkle; irritate. 

— a.r. shrivel, contract. 
erlMementt m. grating, grinding. 
crisser, v.%. grate, grind. 

crissnre, /. crease, wrinkle, unevenness. 
eristal» m. ciystal; crystal glass, crystal, flint 
glass; an object of glass, esp. crystal glass. 

— de roche, rock crystal. 

— d'Islande, Iceland spar. 

— mùUe, mixed crystal. 

cristaux de a&ude, soda crystals, sal soda 

(sodium carbonate decahydrate). 
cristaux de tartre, (Com.) tartar (recrystal- 
lised but not as highly purified as cream of 
cristatus de Vénus, crystals of Venus (old name 
for crystallised copper acetate). 

cristaUerie, /. art of making crystal glass or 
objects of it; ciystal glass factory. 

eristaUlère, /. rock-crystal mine. 

eristalllfère, a. crystalliferous. 

eristallln» a. crystalline. — m. (Anat.) crystal- 
line lens. 

cristalline, /. (Physiol. Chem.) crystallin. 

eristalllnlté, /. crystallinity. 

eristalllsablllté, /. crystalUzability. 

cristalllsable, a. crystallisable; (of acetic acid) 

cristallisant, p.a. crystallising. 

cristallisation, /. crystallisation. 

— fractionnée, fractional crystallisation. 
Cristallisé, p.a. crystallized. 
cristalliser, «.t., t. A r. crystallize. 
cristalllsoir, m. crystallizing dish; crystallis- 
ing pan, crystallizing vessel, crystalliser. 

cristalllte, /. (Petrog.) crystallite. 

Cristallltlque, a. (Petrog.) crystallitic. 

cristallogénle, /. crystallogeny. 

cristallogénlque, a. crystallogenic. 

cristallographe, m. crystallographer. 

eristaUographle, /. crystallography. 

cristallographlque, a, crystallographic. 

cristallographlquement, adv. crystallograph- 

cristallirilde, a. A m. crystalloid. 

cristallométrie, /. crystallometry. 

cristaUométriqoe, a. crystallometric. 

crlstallotechnle, /. crystallotechny, art of pro- 
ducing crystals artificially. 

cristam, pi. of cristal. 

cristé, a. crested, tufted. 

criste-marine, /. » christe-marine. 

critère, critérium, m. criterion. 

critiquable, a. open to criticism. 

critique, o. critical. — /. criticism; critique. 

— m. critic. 
critiqnement, adt. criticaUy. 
critiquer, v.t. criticize. 

m. hook; jclaw, catch; crunch (the 

crocéine, /. crooein. 
croeélque, a. croceic. 

NSher, v.t. hook. 
crochet, m. hook, small hook; clasp, catoh, 

pawl, etc.; rabble; bend, turn; steelyard; 

fang; crochet; (Olass) a notched block of 

iron used as a support for the blowpipe; 

(Printing) bracket, crotchet. 

— de brassage, rabble. 
crodque, a. croconic. 

crocotee, /. (Min.) crocoite, crocoisite. 

croeonlque, a. croconic. 

crocus, m. (Chem. A Bot.) crocus. 

croire, v. t. believe; think. — v.t. believe. 

— v.r. think oneself ; depend on oneself ; be 

cnrtsé, p.a. crossed, etc. (see croiser). — m. 

twill; crusader. 
cnrfsée, /. (window) sash; window; crossing. 
croisement, m. crossing. 
croiser, v.t. cross; cross out; lap over; twill; 

twist slightly. — v.t. cross; cruise. — v.r. 

cross, be crossed, cross each other. 
crolsette, /. little cross; (Min.) cross-stone. 
croiseur, m. cruiser; cross lode, cross vein. 
croisillon, m. crossbar, crossarm, crosspieoe. 
croissance, /. growth. 
croissant, p.a. growing, etc. (see croître). 

— m. orescent; crescent-shaped object, 
e.g. a sickle; tread (of a tire). 

croissent, pr. S pi. indie. A subj. of croître. 

croit, pr. S sing, of croire. 

croit, pr. 3 sing, of croître. 

croître, v.t. grow;- increase; grow longer; (of 
a stream) rise. — v.t. augment. 

croix, /. cross; (Printing) dagger, t* 
en — , crosswise. 

cron, m. sandy soil. 

croquant, p.a. crunôhing, crisp. — m. gristle. 

croquer, v.t. crimch; sketch roughly. — v.». 
be crisp, give a crunching sound. 

croquis, m. sketch, outline. 

crosne, m. Japanese artichoke (Stachys). 
Called also crosne du Japon. 

crosse, /. butt, buttstock, stock: (Mach.) 
crosshead; bend, crook; crosier 
courbé en — de fusil, bent like a gunstock. 

crot, m. eai then ware pot for collecting turpenr 

croton, m. (Bot.) croton. 

crotoné, a. (Pharm.) containing croton oil. 

crotonlque, a. crotonio. 

crotonisatlon, /. crotonization (reaction typi- 
cally shown in the formation of croton- 
aldehyde from two molecules of acetalde- 

crotte, /. dimg; dirt, filth, mire. 

crotter, v.t. dirty, foul. 

crottln, m. dimg (of horses, mules, etc.). 

— de cheval, horse dimg. 

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erotton» m. a lump of sugar retained in 

erouler, v.i. fall, fall in, sink. 

eroupl» p.a. stagnant. 

crouptoii, m. rump. 

eroupir, v.i. stagnate; decay in water; lie in 
filth, wallow. 

eroaplssant» p.a. stagnating, stagnant. 

eroupon, m. (Leather) butt. 

eroÛtCf /. crust; (Ceram.) rough form of what 
is to be a plate or other flat object; (Med.) 
scab; (Tanning) outer, fissured part of 
bark; (Founding) skin. 

croyable» a. credible, likely. 

eroyanee» /. belief, credence. 

eroyant, p.a. believing. — m. believer. 

cm» a. crude, raw; (of water) hard; rude, 
rough, harsh; indecent. — m. growth, (of 
wine) particular vineyard or region; fabri- 
cation. — p.p. believed, thought. 

crû» p.p. of croître. 

cmaaté, /. cruelty. 

crache» /. pitcher, jug. 

crachée, /. pitcherful, jugful. 

crachette, /. small pitcher or jug. 

crachon, m. small pitcher or jug; stone bottle. 

crucifères, (Pot.) Crucifene. 

crudité, /. crudeness, rawness; (of water) 
hardness; crudity; (pi.) raw vegetables or 

crue, /. growth, increase; (of water) rise. 

crad, a. cruel; tiresome. 

craenté» a. bloody. 

craor» m. (Physiol.) cruor. 

crurent, p.def. 3 pi. of croire. 

crûrent, p.def. S pi. of croître. 

crasocréatlnlne, /. crusocreatinine. 

crustacés, (Zoôl) Crustacea, crustaceans. 

crut, p.def. S sing, of croire. 

crût, p.def. A imp. subj. S ting, of croître. 
— imp. subj. S sing, of croire. 

cryogène, m. cryogeu, freeûng mixture. 

cryohydrate, m. cryohydrate. 

cryollthe, cryolite, /. (Min.) cryolite. 

cryomètre, m. cryometer. 

cryométrle, /. cryometry. 

cryophore, m. (Physics) cryophorus. 

cryoscople, /. cryoscopy. 

cryptiHSame, a. (Bot.) cryptogamic, cryptoga- 
mous. — m. cryptogam. 

cryptographique, a. cryptographic. 

crypton, m. krypton, crypton. 

cryptopine, /. cryptopine. 

cubage, m. cubic capacity, cubic contents; 
cubatiu'e, determination of cubic contents. 

cubature, /. cubature. 

cube, m. cube. — a. cubic, cubical, cube. 

CUbèbe, TO. cubeb (fruit of Piper cubeba). 

cubébln, m., cubéblne, /. cubebin. 

cuber» v. t. cube; measure in cubic units. 

cubldte, cubLdte, /. (Min.) cubicite (anal- 

cubllot, TO. (Metal.) cupola, cupola fiumace. 
cubique» a. cubic, cubical, cube. — /. cubic. 
cubolde, a. A to. cuboid. 
cubo-octaèdre» m. cuboctahedron, combina- 
tion of cube and octahedron. 
cucurbltacé» a. (Bot.) cucurbitaceous. 
cucurbltacées, (Bot.) Cucurbitaoeœ. 
cucurblte» /. cucurbit. 
cudbear, to. cudbear. 
cuelllage» m. gathering. 
cueillette» /. gathering; crop, harvest. 
cueillir» v.t, gather; coil (rope); nip o£F (wire). 
cuflbit» CUfat, TO. (Mining) cage. 
cuiller» cuillère, /. spoon; ladle; (auger) bit. 

cuiUer à fondre (or de ccndée), casting spoon, 
casting ladle. 

cuillère en come, horn spoon. 

cuillère en fer, iron spoon, iron ladle. 

cuillère en os, bone spoon. 

cuiUere en platine, platinum spoon. 

cuillère en porcelaine, porcelain spoon. 

cuillère en verre, glass spoon. 
cuillerée, /. spoonful; ladleful. 
cullleron, to. bowl (of a spoon). 
culr, TO. leather; hide; skin. 

— à empeignes, upper leather, vamp leather. 

— à gai, leather for gas fittings. 

— aggloméré, an imitation leather made from 
leather scrap, pancake. 

— à œuvre, = cuir d'oeuvre. 

— à semelle (s), sole leather. 

— bouilli, waxed leather; molded leather. 

— brtU, raw hide, green hide. 

— chagrin, shagreen. 

— chamoisé, chamois leather, chamois. 

— chevelu, scalp. 

— chromé, chrome-tanned leather. 

— ciré, waxed leather, wax leather. 

— corroyé, curried leather. 

— cru, rough leather. 

— d' Allemagne, horse leather. 

— de bctuf, ox hide. 

— de buffle, bufif, bufif leather. 

— de Cordoue, Cordovan leather, cordovan. 

— de Hongrie, Hungary leather. 

— de molUterie, soft leather. 

— de papier, a paper imitation of leather. 

— de pmde, fine sheepskin, glove leather. 

— de RiÂSsie, Russia leather. 

— de Valachie, Wallachian leather, leather 
dressed in scourings. 

— d'emmre, soft or thin leather, such as is used 
for vamps. 

— dur, strong leather. 

— embouti, hydraulic leather. 

— en cire, — cuir ciré. 

— en croûte, leather tanned but not curried- 

— en huile, oiled lç«^ther. 

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cuir en plein suif, leather fully curried. 

— en poile, green hide, raw hide. 

— en suift tallowed leather. 

— étirét scraped leather. 

— facHcet artificial leather, imitation leather. 

— forit stout leather, specif, sole leather. 

— fossiUt a variety of asbestos. 

— hongroyé, Hungary leather. 

— /usé, ooze leather. 

— laqué, enameled leather, patent leather. 

— lissé, smooth leather. 

— maroquiné, morocco leather, morocco. 

— mégissé, tawed hide; tawed leather. 

— mou, — moUeterie, soft leather. 

— moulé, molded leather. 

— plaqué, flattened leather, rolled leather. 

— plat, leather from a thin hide. 

— préparé, dressed leather. 

— rond, thick leather. 

— salé, salted hide. 

— tanné, tanned hide; tanned leather. 

— vemi, patent leather, japan leather, 
enamel leather. 

— vert, green hide, raw hide. 
cuirassé» /. armor, armor plate; cuirass. 
entrasse, p.a. armored, armor-plated; armed, 

prepared. — m. armored vessel, specif, 

— de station, armored cruiser. 
enlrassement» m. armor, armor plate; armor- 

entrasser, v.t. armor, armor-plate; arm with a 

cuirass; arm, prepare. 
entre» v.t. bum (brick, cement, lime, etc.); 

boil (sirup, soap, varnish, silk, etc.); 

char (wood); cook; bake; ripen. — v.i. 

cook, be cooked; bake; smart, hurt. 
entrer, v.t. cover with leather. 
eolr-tolle, n. leather cloth. 
entssge» m. charring. 
entssnt, p.a. burning, etc. (see cuire); sharp, 

keen, biting, smarting; suitable for cooking. 
entsent» pr. s pi. indie. A subj. of cuire. 
entseiir, m. burner (of pottery, brick, etc.), 

kilnman, fireman; boiler (of sirup, silk, 

etc.); baker (of cheese); cooker; (Paper) 

cooker, boilerman; (firetving) kettle man; 

(Sugar) vacuum panman. 
cuisine» /. kitchen; cooking, food; cookery. 
cnlsse, /. thigh. 
cnlssen, m. burning, boiling, cooking, etc. (see 

cuire); biurned, boiled or cooked state; 

smart, smarting. 

— à la volée, (Brick) clamp firing. 

— en dégourdi, (Ceram.) biscuit baking. 
enit» p.a. burned, boiled, cooked, etc. (see 

cuire); done; ripe. — pr. S sing, of cuire. 

— au filet, (of sirup) boiled to thread. 
enlte, /. burning, boiling, cooking, etc. (see 

cuire) ; batch, heat. — p.a. fern, of cuit. 

eulte en grains, (Sugar) boiling to grain. 
cnlvrage, m. coppering, etc. (see cuivrer) ; cop- 
per sheathing. 

— galvanique, copper electroplating. 
enivre, m. copper; (pi.) brasses, brass or cop- 
per fittings, instruments or the like. 

— ammoniacal, any ammoniated copper com- 
pound or solution, specif, cuprammonium 
(Schweitzer's reagent); (Pfiarm.) ammo- 
niated copper, copper ammonio-sulfate. 

— battu, wrought copper; copper foil. 

— blanc, white copper (a white alloy of cop- 
per, such as white tombac). 

— bleu, (Min.) azurite. 

— brut, crude copper, imrefined copper. 

— corné, cuprous chloride. 

— cm, crude copper, unrefined copper. 

— de Chypre, blue vitriol, cupric sulfate. 

— électrolytique, electrolytic copper. 

— gris, (Min.) gray copper, tetrahedrite. 

— jaune, brass. 

— laminé, sheet copper. 

— natif, native copper. 

— noir, (Metal.) black copper, blister cop- 

— panaché, (Min.) bomite. 

— phosphaté, copper phosphate. 

— pyriteux, (Min.) copper pyrites, chalco- 

— rosette, rosette copper. 

— rouge, pure (imalloyed) copper; (Min.) 
red copper, cuprite. 

— stdfaté, copper sulfate. 

— vierge, virgin copper. 

cnlYré, p.a. coppered, etc. (see cuivrer); (of 

color) copper, coppery. 
enivrer, v.t. copper, cover or sheathe with 

copper, copperplate; treat with copper or 

a copper salt. 
eulTreuz» o. cuprous (as, sulfocyanure cuivreux, 

cuprous sulf ocyanide) ; copper, coppery, 

cupreous (as, pyrites cuivreuses, copper 

enlvrlque» a. cupric. 

eul, m. bottom, breech; (of a ship) poop. 
culasse, /. breech, breechblock; (of a cut 

stone) culet, culasse. 
cnlbnter, v.t. overturn, upset; overthrow, van- 
quish. — v.i. turn over, somersault, 

tumble, fall. 
eulbutenr, m. tripper; rocker, rocking lever. 
cul-de-lampe, m. bracket; (of guns) cas- 

eul-de-poule, m. swelling, protuberance. 
entée, /. abutment; part of a hide next the 


euUlavan, n. culilawan, clove bark. 
enllnaire, a. culinary. 
cnimlnant, p.a. culminating. 
cnlmlner, v.i. culminate. 

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culot, m. culot, mass (usually of metal or matte 
and then also called legulus) at the bottom 
of a crucible; bottom, base; latest, 
youngest or smallest member. 

calotte,/. Y-tube, Y-pipe. Y-joint, Y; breeches. 

CllltlTateur, m. farmer, agriculturist; cultiva- 
tor. — a. agricultural, farming. 

epltlvé, p.a. cultivated. 

ciiltlTer, v.t. cultivate. — v.r. be cultivated. 

ciiltlire, /. culture; cultivation; cultivated 
land; crop. 

— en gouttelette^ (Bad.) droplet culture. 

— en piqûre, (Bcict.) stab culture. 

— en plaque, {Bad.) plate culture. 

— en «trie, (Bact.) streak culture. 
camène, m. cumene (properly used of isopro- 

pylbenzene but applied also to a mixtiure 
of mesitylene and pseudocumene. 
cumin, m. (Bot.) cumin. 

— dee prés, caraway. 
camlnlque, a. cumic, cuminic. 
cumlnol, m. cumaldehyde, cuminole. 
cumulatif, a. cumulative. 

cunlla, n. (Bot.) Cunila (a genus of which 
dittany, C. origanoidea, is a member). 

cupferrone, /. cupferron. 

cupide, a. greedy, covetous. 

cuprélne, /. cupreine. 

cupricalclque, a. of copper and calcium (as, 
acékUe cupricalcique, CuCa(C2HjC)»)4 • 

cuprico-uraneux, a. of copper and uranium 
(as, phosphate cuprico-uraneux, C\i(XJOt)t- 

cuprifère, a. cupriferous. 

cuprique, a. of or pertaining to copper (the 
French word for " cupric " is cuivrique). 

cupro-ammonlque, a. cuprammonium. 

cupro-potasslque, cupropotasslque, a. of 
copper and potassium. 

cupule, /. (small) cup, cupule. 

curaçao, m. curaçao (a liqueur). 

curage, m. cleaning, cleansing; (Bot.) persicary. 

curain, m. saline incrustation; specif., a mix- 
ture of sodium and calcium sulfates ob- 
tained in the evaporation of sea water. 

curare, m. curare, ciu-ari. 

curarlne, /. curaiine. 

curatler, m. tanner or currier. 

curatif, a. curative. 

curcuma, m. turmeiic, curcuma; curcuma (the 

cure, /. cure. 

cure-feu, m. poker. 

curement, m. cleaning, cleansing; dredging. 

curer, v.t. clean, clean out, cleanse. 

curette, /. cleaner, scraper, spoon (as for ex- 
ploring for oil or for cleaning a blast hole) ; 
(Med.) curette. 

cureur, m. cleaner, cleanser; dredger. 

curieusement, adv. curiously. 

curieux, a. ciuious; careful; interested (in). 
— m. curious person or thing; connoisseur. 

curln, m — curain. 

curiosité, /. curiosity. 

curseur, m. slide, slider; index, pointer. — a. 

cursoir, m. slide. 

curure, /. mud, slime (as from a ditch). 

cunrilatère, a. with curved side or sides. 

curviligne, a. curvilinear, curvilineal. 

cuscamlne, /. cuscamine. 

cusconlne, /. cusconine. 

cuscute, /. (Bot.) dodder (Cuscuta). 

cusparlne, /. cusparine. 

custode, m. custodian, keeper. 

cutané, a. cutaneous, of the skin. 

cutlculalre, a. cuticular, of the cuticle. 

cuticule, /. cuticle. 

cutlne, /. cutin. 

cutlnlsatlon, /. cutinization. 

cutlnlser, v.t. outinize. 

cuvage, m. fermentation of grape mash in vats 
before pressing (in making red wine); tub 

cuve,/, vat; tub, tank, copper, cistern; (pneu- 
matic) trough; jar, cell (as for spectrum 
analysis); (photographic) tray; (of a 
blast furnace) interior, esp. the shaft. 

— à absorption, absorption cell (for spectral 

— à eau, water trough. 

— à fermentation, fermentation vat. 

— à huile, (Metcà.) oil-tempering tank. 

— à la couperose, copperas vat. 

— à lavage, (Photog.) washing tray. 

— à mercure, merciuy trough. 

— à moût, (Brewing) mash tun, mash vat. 

— de fermentation, fermentation vat. 

— de précipitation, precipitation tank. 

— de trempage, (Malt) steeping cistern. 

— d'indigo, indigo vat. 

— matière, (Brewing) mash vat, mash tun. 
cuveau, m. small vat, tub or tank. 
cuvée, /. contents of a vat, tub or tank. 
cuvelage, m. tubbing, Uning (as for wells). 
cuveler, v.t. tub, line (as a well). 
cuve-matière, m. (Brewing) mash vat, mash 


cuve-moulllolre, n. steeping cistern. 

cuver, v.t. A i. ferment (in a vat). 

cuverle, /. room or building in which fermenta- 
tion vats are housed. 

cuvette, /. cistern, reservoir (as of a barom- 
eter) ; jar; tray (as for developing) ; bulb 
(of a thermometer) ; cup (e.g., of a primer) ; 
basin; sink; (Microe.) staining box or 
tray; (Acids) bottom of a lead chamber, 
in which the sulfuric acid collects; (Glass) 
a small pot formerly used in refining; 





(Soda) the mildly heated pan or first 
hearth of a salt-cake furnace. 
cnTette à photographie, photographer's tray. 

— d rainurest {Micros.) grooved staining box. 

— d'egouUage, drip cup. 
eavleTf n». tub. 

cyanaeétique» a. cyanoacetic, cyanacetic. 
cruuunlde» /. cyanamide. 

— calcigue, calcium cyanamide. 
Cyanamlde-caldum» /. calcium cyanamide. 
q^njMnlne. /. cyanamine; cyanamide. 
Q^Biiate* m. cyanate. 

cyane^ m. cyanogen. 

CVMle* a. of or containing cyanogen, cyano. 

cymiiéthtne, /. cyanethine (4-amino-2,6-di- 

eihyl-5-methy Ipyrimidine) . 
cyanenx* a. cyanous (Qba.). 
cyanliydrlne* /. oyanohydrin, cyanhydrin. 
cyanhydrique, a. hydrocyanic. 
cyanide» m. cyanide. 
eyanlUde, /. cyanilide (carbanilonitrile). 
cyanlne» /. cyanin, cyanine (both the plant 

color and the artificial dye). 
cyanlque» a. cyanic. 
cyanlte, /. (Min.) cyanite, kyanite. 
cyanofer, m. ferrocyanogen. 
cyanoferrate» m. ferrocyanide, ferrocyanate. 
cyanoferre, m. ferrocyanogen. 
cyanoferriqne» a. ferrocyanic. 
cyanofNrmre» m. ferrocyanide. 
cyanogène» m. cyanogen. 
cyanogène» a. containing or pertaining to 

cyanogénèse» /. cyanogenesis. 
cyanogënéUque, a. cyanogenetic. 
cyanophycées» (Bot.) Cyanophyceœ (Schi- 

cyanose» /. cyanosis. 

cyanose» cyanotlque» a. cyanotic, cyanosed. 
cyanurate» m. cyanurate. 
cyanurallon» /. cyanidation, cyaniding. 
cyanure» m. cyanide. 

— cTargentt silver cyanide. 

— de benzyUt benzyl cyanide, a-tolimitrile. 

— de poUisae, potassium cyanide. 

— jaunct potassium ferrocyanide. 

— rouge, potassium ferricyanide. 
cyanure» a. cyanided; cyanide; cyanide of. 
cyanurer» v.t. cyanide. 

cyanurlque» a. cyanuric. 
cyclamlne» /. cyclamin. 
cyde, m. cycle. 

— fermé, dosed cycle. 
cyclique» a. cyclic. 
cycloheptane» m. cycloheptane. 
cydoheptène» m. cycloheptene. 
cydoheiane» m. cyclohexane. 
cydoheianol» m. cyclohezanol. 
cycloheianone» /. cyclohexanone. 
cycloheiene» m. cyclohezene. 

cyclohexylamlne, /. oyolohexylamlne. 

cyclohexyle» m. cyclohexyl. 

cycloldal« a. cyoloidal. 

cycMde» /. cycloid. 

cyclométhylénlque» a. cyclomethylene (des- 
ignating the cycloparaffins or poly- 

cyclomètre» m. cyclometer. 

cyclopentadlène» m. cyclopentadiene. 

cydopentane» m. cyclopentane. 

eyclopentanone, /. cyclopentanone. 

cyclopentène» m. cyclopentene. 

cycloptérine» /. cyclopterine. 

cyelotétranol» m. cyclotetranol (cyclobu- 

cydotétrylamlne» /. cyclotetrylamine (cyclo- 
buty lamine). 

cygne» m. swan. 

cyllndrage» m. calendering; rolling; cylinder- 

cylindre»' m. cylinder; roller, roll; arbor, shaft. 

— à chemise, jacketed cylinder. 

— à cingler, shingling roll. 

— à fil, wire roll. 

— à laminer, roll, roller. 

— à tôle, plate roll. 

— à vapeur, steam cylinder. 

— broyeur, crusher roll, crusher. 

— compresseur, roller. 

— creux, hollow cylinder. 

— dégrossisseur, coarse-crushing roll. 

— droit, right cylinder. 

— finisseur, finishing roll. 

— fournisseur, feeding cylinder, feed roll. 

— presseur, {Calico) pressure cylinder, the 
cylinder on which the cloth is carried while 
being printed. 

cylindrée» /. cylinderful. 

cyllndrer, v.t. calender (paper, cloth, etc.) ; roll 

(leather or a road) ; cylinder. 
cyllndreur» m. calendrer, calenderer; roller. 
cylindrique» a. cylindric(al). 
cyllndrlquement» adv. cylindrically. 
cymène» cymol» m. cymene. 
cynurlne» /. kynurine, cynurine. 
cyprès, m. cypress. 
cypripède, m. {Bot.) cypripedium, ladyV 

cysteine» /. cysteine. 
cystine» /. cystine. 
csrstlque» a. cystic. 
cystolde» a. cystoid. 
cytlslne» /. cytisine. 
cytologie, /. cytology! 
cytologlque» a. cytological, cjrtologio. 
cytolyse, /. cytolysis. 
cytolytlque» a. cytolytic. 
cytoplasma» cytoplasme» m. (Bto2.) csrto- 

cytoslne, /. cytosine. 

uigiiizea Dy 


d'. Contraction of de, 

d'abord. See abord. 

dactylotype, /. typewriter. 

dactylotypie, /. typewriting. 

daKUC» /• scraper, scraping knife; dagger, dirk. 

di^verréotyper, v.t. daguerreotype. 

dagnerréotyple, /. daguerreotypy. 

dasaerrien, a. of Daguerre, daguerreotypic. 

dahHa, m. (Dyes) dahlia; ÇBot.) dahlia. 

dahline,/. dahlin (inulin). 

daigner, v.t. deign; be pleased. 

d'aUlenrs. See ailleurs. 

datm, m. buck, deer. 

dalean, m. = dalot. 

dallage, m. flagstone pavement, flagging. 

dalle, /. slab, plate; flagstone, flag; gutter, 
conduit; (in sugar refining) a pipe convey- 
ing the sirup; shelf (of pottery or stone); 
whetstone; slice (aa of fish). 
— rodée, ground-glass pla4e. 

daller, v.t. flag, pave with flagstones. 

dalot, m. escape hole for liquids, vent. 

dam., ahbrev. (décamètre) decameter. 

damage, m. ramming, tamping. 

damAS, m. damask (in various senses) ; specif., 
damask steel, Damascus steel; damson 
(plum); (cap.) Damascus. 

damasqiilmige, m. damascening, damaskeen- 

damasquiner, v.t. damascene, damaskeen. 

damasqiilnerle, /. damascening, damaskeen- 

damasqiilneur, m. damascener, damaskeener. 

damasqiilniire, damasqulnorle, /. damas- 

damassé, a. damasked, damask. 

dame, /. dam; (Metal.) dam, damstone; ram- 
mer; lady, dame; (at cards) queen; (pi.) 

dame-Jeanne, /. demijohn. 

darner, v.t. ram, tamp. 

dameur, m. rammer, tamper. 

dammar, m. dammar (the resin). 

dammara, m. (Bot.) member of the genus 

damolselle, /. rammer, beetle. 

danger, m. danger, risk; trouble. 

dangereux, a. dangerous. 
, a. Danish. 
I prep, in; into; according to. 

danser, v.i. dance; flicker. 

dans-œuvre, adv. (of measurements) in the 

dapiinlne, /. daphnin. 

d'après. See après. 

dard, m. pointed (dartlike) flame; dart; spin- 
dle; (of insects) sting; (of flowers) pistil. 

darder, v.t. dart; shoot with (or as with) a dart. 

darl, m. durra, dari (a kind of millet). 

dartro, /. tetter, skin a£Fection. 

date, /. date. 

daté, p.a. dated. 

dater, v.t. A i. date. 

datisdne, /. datiscin. 

datte, /. date (the fruit). 

dattier, m. date tree, date palm. 

daturlne, /. daturine (hyoscyamine). 

dauphin, m. dolphin; mouth of a gutter pipe. 

Dauphlné, m. Dauphiné (old French province). 

dauphlnelle, /. (Bot.) larkspur, delphinium. 

d'autant. See autant. 

davantage, adv. more; longer. 

de, prep, of; from; (of time) in, during; be- 
cause of; (of manner or means) with; (of 
an agent) by; (with comparatives) than, by; 
(with an infinitive) to . . ■ , of . . . ing 
(thus, d'avoir may usually be translated 
either "to have" or "of having'*); (in parti- 
tive expressions) some, any (as, de 2'eau, 
some water) ; (with (ratter) as. 
— ee g^e, because; altho. 

dé, m. die (p2. dice); thimble; block (for prop- 
ping); gage. 

déalbatlon, /. dealbation, bleaching. 

déauratlon, /. gilding. 

débâcle, /. breaking up (of ice) ; debacle. 

débftcler, v.t. open; clear. 

déballage, m. unpacking. 

déballer, v.t. unpack. 

débander, v.t. unbind; unbend, relax; disband. 

débarquement, m. landing, debarkation. 

débarquer, v.t. & i. land, disembark. 

débarrasser, v.t. free; clear, clear up, clear 
away. — v.r. free oneself, get rid. 

débarr^, v.t. unbar; free from inequalities of 

débarreur, m. a mender of defects in dyeing. 

débat, m. debate; (Law, pi.) trial. — pr. S 
sing, of débattre. 

débfttir, v.t. demolish; remove basting from. 


Digitized by 





déiMittftIile» a. debatable. 

délMittre» v.t. A i. debate, dispute, discuss. 

— v.r. struggle; debate; be debated. 
débensolage, m. removal of bensole or bensene 

(e.g. from illuminating gas). 

débeiuoler,o.<. remove bensoleorbenxenefrom. 

débet, m. debit. 

débile» a. feeble, weak. 

débllement, adv. feebly, weakly. 

débilitant, p.a. debilitating. 

débilité, /. feebleness, debility, weakness. 

débit, m. delivery, flow, rate of flow; supply; 

output; {Mach.) feed; debit; sale; (retail) 

shop; license (to sell); cutting, sawing (of 

wood, stone, etc.); delivery (in speaking). 

de — , (Pom.) in demand. 

débltage, m. cutting up, sawing up (of wood, 

débiter, v.t. deliver, discharge (liquid, gas, etc.) ; 
retail, sell at retail; cut up, saw up (wood, 
stone, etc.); debit; utter, speak. — ©.r. be 
delivered; sell, be sold; (of wood, etc.) cut 
up; be told, be reported. 

débiteur, m. A a. debtor. 

debltandnlsatloii, /. debituminization. 

débltumllils^, v.t. debituminize. 

déblai, m. excavation, cutting; cut; (jpi.) ex- 
cavated material, rubbish. 
eels de — , abraum salts. 

déblayement, déblaiement, m. cutting, cut- 
ting away, excavation; clearing. 

déblayer, v.t. cut away, clear away; clear. 

déboire, m. aftertaste; disappointment; dis- 

déboisement, m. clearing, deforestation. 

déboiser, v.t. dear of timber, deforest. 

débcrtter, v.t. disconnect; dislocate. 

débendw, v. t. unbung; open the vent of. 

— v.t. A r. escape, run out, burst forth; dis- 
charge, be emptied. 

débondonner, v.t. unbung. 
délHMdement, m. overflow; flood, outburst. 
déborder, v.i. overflow, run over; project; burst 

forth. — v.t. overflow; project beyond; 

outstrip. — v.r. overflow; burst forth. 
débouché, m. outlet; end; expedient; opening, 

débouchement, m. unstopping, etc. (see 

déboucher); outlet. 
déboucher, v.t. unstop, unstopper, tmoork; 

open; (Elec.) unplug; set (a fuse); punch, 

make (a hole). — v.i. pass out, debouch. 
déboucler, v.t. unbuckle; uncurl. 
débonlllase, m. « débouilli. 
débonlllenr, m. {Dyeing) boiler; bleacher (of 

déboulDI, m. {Dyeing) boiling, boil. 
débouinir, v.t. {Dyeing, etc.) boil. 
déboullUssage, m. » débouilli. 
débourbage, m. washing, etc. (see débourber). 

débourber, v.t. wash, free from mud or slime* 
{Mining) trunk, sluice; clean, clean out (as 
a cistern). 

débourbrar, m. a worker or apparatus that 
cleanses from mud or slime, washer, clean- 
ser. Specif.: a boiler attachment for re- 
moving the mud deposited by hard water; 
a trommel for removing earthy matter from 
ore; an apparatus in which the suspended 
matter in gas liquor is deposited. 

débourrage, m. removal of wadding, etc. (see 

débourrer, v.t. remove the wadding, padding, 
etc. from (see bourre); untamp; {laaiher) 

déboursa, v.t. disburse, expend. 

debout, <idv. upright, standing, erect, up. 

débralser, v.t. draw the embers or fire from. 

débraser, v.t. unsolder, unbraze. 

débrayMPe, m. disconnecting, disconnection, 
etc. (see débrayer). 

débrayer, v.t. disconnect, disengage, throw out 
of gear, uncouple. i 

débrider, v.t. stop; unbridle one's horse. 

débris, m. remains, fragments, debris, rubbish. 

— cMulosique, (in flour analysis) fiber. 

— d'oa, (Fertilizera) bone meal. 
débrouiller, v.t. untangle, unravel, dear up. 
débrûler, v.t. deoxidize. {Oba. or Rare.) 
débrutir, v.t. rough-polish. 

début, m. beginning; début; first book; first 

throw, first play. 
débuter, v.i. begin; start; (in games) lead. 
déca-. deca-, ten. 
deçà, prep, on this side of. — adv. on this 


— et delà, here Eind there, on all sides. 
en — , on this side. 

par — , on this side, on this side of. 
décacheter, v.t. unseal, open. 
décadence, /. decadence, decline. 
decagramme, m. decagram, 10 grams. 
décahydrate, m. decahydrate. 
décahydrure, m. decahydride. 
décaisser, v.t. unpack, unbox; pay out. 
décalage, m. unwedging, unkeying; difference, 

divergence; (Elec.) lead (or lag). 
décalcifier, v.t. decalcify, delime. 
décalitre, m. decaliter, 10 liters. 
décalquer, v.t. transfer (a design). 
décamètre, m. decameter, 10 meters. 
décantage, m. decanting, décantation. 
décantateur, m. decanter. 

— en hélice, helical decanter (for removing 
suspended matter from water). 

décantation, /. décantation, decanting. 
décanter, v.t. decant. 
décanteur, m. decanter. — a. decanting. 
décapage, déeapement, m. cleaning, etc. (see 

Digitized by 





décftper, v.t, (of metals) dean, scour, piokle, 
dip; flux (metal before soldering) ; scrape; 

deeapear» m. cleaner, etc. (see décaper). 

decmrbomiter, v.t. decarbonate. 

decmrbonateur, m. decarbonator; specif., a 
tube for removing carbon dioxide from air. 

décmrbonlMillon, /. decarbonication. 

décmrbonlser, v.t. decarbonise. 

décmrburant» p.a. decarbonizing, decarburiz- 

décarbiirateiir, a. decarbonising, decarburiz- 
ing. • 

décmrbumlloii, /. decarbonization, decarbura- 

décmrbiirer, v.t. decarbonize, decarburize. 

deearbureur, m. (Oaa) purifier man. 

décarbnrlsatlon, /. decarbonization, deoarbur- 

déeastère» m. decastere (10 cubic meters). 

déeatir» v.t. sponge, ungloss (cloth, etc.). 

deeatlMage, m. sponging, unglossing. 

dISpeatlssear, m. sponger (of cloth to remove 

déeCdé, p.a. A m. deceased. 

déeèlement, m. disclosure, disclosing, reveal- 
ing, detection. 

déceler, v.t. reveal, disclose, make known, 

décembre, m. December. 

décennal, a. decennial, ten-year. 

décentrage, m., décentratlon, /., décentre- 
ment, m. decentration, decentering. 

décentrer, v.t. decenter. 

déceptlTement, ado. deceptively. 

décerner, v.t. award, confer; decree. 

décès, m. decease. 

décevant, p.a. deceiving. 

décevoir, v.t. deceive. 

déchaîner, v.t. unchain; release. 

décharge, /. discharge (in various senses) ; out- 
let, vent; place for keeping rubbish. 
— silencieuse, (Elee.) silent discharge. 

déchargement, m. discharging; unloading. 

déchargooir, m. outlet, vent, escape pipe, waste 

décharger, v.t. discharge; remove the charge 
from; unload; empty. — v.r. discharge, 
tmload or relieve oneself; be discharged; 
(of dyes) fade out; (of rivers) empty. 

déchargeur, m. discharger; unloader; drawer 
(of coke, etc.). 

déchéance, /. forfeiture; decadence, decay. 

décherra, ftU. s nng. of déchoir. 

déchet, m. loss, waste; {pi.) waste, refuse; 
déchets de verre, broken glass, cullet. 

déchiqueter, v.t. cut up, cut in pieces. 

déclilré, p.a. torn, etc. (see déchirer). 

déchirement, m. tearing, etc. (see déchirer). 

déchirer, v.t. tear; rend, lacerate, tear open, 

tear up; torture, distress; slander. 
déchirure, /. tear, rent; tearing; laceration. 
déchloruratlon, /. dechlorination. 
déchlorurer, v.t. dechlorinate. 
déchoir, v.t. fall, lose, decline, fall ofif. 

— d*un brevet, forfeit a patent. 
déchu, p.p. of déchoir. 

déclare, m. deciare, 10 square meters. 
décidé, p.a. decided. 
décidément, adv. decidedly, positively. 
décider, v.t. decide, determine, settle. — «.I. 
decide. — v.r. be decided; decide. 

— de, decide on; decide to. 
décidu, a. deciduous. 
decigramme, m. decigram, 0.1 gram. 
décilitre, m. deciliter, 0.1 liter. 
décimal, a. decimal. 

décimale, /. decimal. 

décime, m. décime, 0.1 franc. — ■/. tenth (part). 

dédmètre, m. decimeter, 0.1 meter. 

— carré, square decimeter. 
décln^Se, m. removal of wax. 
décirer, v.t. remove wax from. 
décisif, a. decisive; peremptory. 
décision, /. decision. 

déclst^^, m. decistere, 0.1 cubic meter. 
déclanche, /. disengaging gear, release. 
déclanchement, m. > déclenchement. 
déclancher, v.t. » déclencher. 
déclaration, /. declsiration ; verdict. 
déclarer, v.t. declare; reveal, disclose. 

— v.r. manifest oneself, appear, occur; de- 
clare oneself. 

déclenchement, m. unloosing, release; 
{Mach.) disengaging, disengagement, also 
disengaging gear; unlatching. 

déclencher, v.t. unloose, release; (Mach.) dis- 
engage, throw out of gear; unlatch. 

dédie, tn. click, catch, pawl, trip; trigger. 

déclin, m. decline. 

déclinaison, /. declination; declension. 

décliner, v.t. A i. decline. 

déclive, a. sloping, inclined. — /. slope. 

décllver, v.t. slope, be inclined. 

déclivité, /. declivity, slope. 

déclore, v.t. unclose, open. 

décoaltarlsatlon, /. removal of coal tar. 

décoaltarlser, v.t. free from coal tar. 

déoocté, m. decoction (the substance). 

— d'aioèa composé, (Pharm.) compound de- 
coction of aloes. 

— de bois de Campêche, (Pharm.) decoction of 

décoction, /. decoction (act or substance). 
décoflélnatlon, /. removal of caffeine. 
décolAige, m. uncapping (as of a fuse) ; unoork«> 

décolITer, v.t. uncap; uncork. 
déçoit, pr. S sing, of décevoir. 

uigitizea Dy 





déeoUement, m. separation (of 
things which are stuck together), detach- 
ment, ungluing. 

décoller, v.t. separate (things stuck together), 
detach, unstick, unglue, deglutinate. — v.r. 
come unglued, come ofiF, come apart. 

décoUetage, m. removal of the crown or top 
of plants (e.g., sugar beets); screw cutting. 

décolleter, v. t. remove the crown or top of; 
cut, turn (screws). 

décolorant, p.a. decolorizing, decolorant. 

décoloration, /. decolorization, decoloration, 
decolorizing, decoloring. 

décolorer, v.t. decolorize, decolor; discolor. 

décolorlmètre, m. decolorimeter. 

décoloris, m. loss of color. 

décoltharlsatlon, /. = décoaltarisation. 

décombres, rubbish, débris. 

decomposable, a. decomposable. 

décomposant, p.a. decomposing. 

décomposé, p.a. decomposed; (Bot.) decom- 

décomposer, v.t. decompose; alter. — v.r. 
decompose; change, be altered. 

décomposeur, m. decomposer; specif., in the 
Deacon process, the chamber in which 
hydrochloric acid is decomposed. 

décomposition,/, decomposition; alteration. 

décompte, m. discount, deduction; itemizing, 
analysis (of an account) ; disappointment. 

décompter, v.t. deduct. 

déconfiture, /. discomfiture; insolvency. 

décongélation, /. thawing, thawing out. 

décongeler, v.t. thaw, thaw out. 

déconseiller, v.t. counsel against. 

déconsidérer, v.t. discredit. 

décor, m. decoration. 

décorateur, m. decorator. 

décoratif, a. decorative. 

décoration, /. decoration. 

décordonnage, m. removal of crust from the 
stampers of a powder mill. 

décor», v.t. decorate. 

décortlcage, m., decortication, /. decortica- 
tion, etc. (see décortiquer). 

décortiquer, v.t. decorticate, bark, husk, hull, 
shell, peel, mill. 

découdre, v.t. unsew, unstitch, rip, rip off. 

découler, v.t. trickle, flow (gently), drop; (fig.) 
flow, spring, follow. 

découpage, m. cutting, etc. (see découper). 

découper, v.t. cut, cut up, cut off, cut out; 
punch. — v.r. be cut, be cut up; stand out. 

découpeur, m. cutter. 

découpeuse, /. cutter; specif., an apparatus or 
machine used for cutting. 

découpolr, m. cutter, cutting machine; cutting 

découpure, /. cutting, cutting out; cut; cut- 
ting, part cut out. 

décourager, v.t. discourage. — v.r. be discour- 

décourber, v.t. unbend, straighten. 

décousant, of découdre. 

décousu, p.p. of découdre. 

découvert, p.a. discovered; uncovered; ex- 
posed. — m. deficit. 

d — , uncovered; unsheltered; openly; 
iCtnn.) without security. 

découverte, /. discovery. 

découvrant, of découvrir. 

découvreur, m. discoverer. 

découvrir, v.t. discover; uncovo*; expose. 

— v.r. be discovered; be visible; reveal 
oneself; expose oneself; uncover oneself. 

décramponer, v.t. remove the cramps from. 

décrassage, m. cleaning, etc. (see décrasser). 

décrasser, v.t. clean; wash, scour, scrape. 

décrayonnage, m. cleaning (of a furnace). 

décrédlter, v.t. discredit. 

decrepitation» /. decrepitation. 

décréplter, «.t. decrepitate. 

décret, m. decree. 

décreUsage, décreusement, m. scouring, etc. 
(see décreuser). 

décreuser, v.t. (SHk) scour, strip, ungum, de- 
gum; scour, cleanse. 

décreuseur* m. scourer, etc. (see décreuser). 

décrire, v.t. describe. — v.r. be described. 

décrit, p.p. dt pr.S sing, of décrire. 

décrivant, p.a. describing. 

décrociiage, m. unhooking, etc. (see décrocher). 

décrocher, v.t. unhook, unfasten; disengage. 

décroissance, /. decrease, diminution, decline. 

décroissant, p.a. decreasing, diminishing. 

décroissement, m. decrease, diminution. 

décroître, v.i. decrease, diminish. 

décrotter, v.t. clean, clean off, brush. 

décroulr, v.t. (Metal.) anneal. 

décroulssage, m. (Metal.) annealing. 

décroûtage, m. cleaning (from crust) ; (Found- 
ing) dr^sing down. 

décroût», v.t. remove the crust from, clean. 

décru, p.p. of décroître. 

décruage, m. — décreusage. 

décrue, /. decrease, decrement. 

décruer, v.t. = décreuser. 

décrueur, m. » décreuseur. 

décrûment, décrusage, décrusement, m. - 

décruser, v.t. = décreuser. 

déçu, p.p. deceived. 

déculrê, v.t. thin (sirup). — v.r. become thin. 

décuivrer, v.t. deprive of copper, decopperize. 

décuplateur, a. multiplying by ten. 

décupler, v.t. decuple, multiply by ten. 

décuvage, m., décuvalson, /. (Wine) racking 
off from the vat after fermentation, tun- 

décuver, v.t, rack off from the vat, tun (wine). 

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Vf v.t. disdain. 
dédale, m. labyrinth, maze. 
dédaléen, dédallen, a. inextricable, laby- 
dédaller, v.t. remove the flags from, unpave. 
dedans, adv. inside, within, in. — m. inside, 
au — , within, inside. 

au — de, within, inside of, in the interior of. 
de — , from within; (of measurements) in the 

en — , within, inside, in; (of a burner) at the 

base; (of measurements) in the clear. 
en — de, within, inside of. 
par — , thru; within. 
dédicace, /. dedication. 
dédlcatolre, a. dedicatory. 
dédier, v.t. dedicate. 
dédit, m. forfeit; bond; retraction. 
dédommagement, m. damages, compensa- 
dédommi^er, v.t. compensate. 
dédorage, m. ungilding. 
dédorer, v.t. ungild, remove the gilding ttom. 
dédorure, /. ungilding. 

dédoiiblable, a. divisible into two, decompos- 
able, resolvable, etc. (see dédoubler). 
dédonblage, dédoublement, m. division into 
two, decomposition, resolution, etc. (see 
dédoublé, p.p. of dédoubler. — m. an arti- 
ficial brandy made by diluting alcohol. 
dédoubler, v.t. divide into two, decompose, (of 
racemic compounds, double salts, etc.) re- 
solve; dilute; reduce one half; undouble, 
unfold; unline, unsheathe. — v.r. divide 
into two, decompose, be resolved; diminish 
one half; unfold; be unlined. 
déductlf, a. deductive. 
déduction, /. deduction. 
déductlvement, adv. deductively. 
déduire, v.t. deduct; deduce; relate. 
dédurcir, v.t. soften. 

défaillance, /. failing; fainting; faintness. 
défaillir, v.i. fail; default; faint. 
défaire, v.t. unmake, undo, untie, take apart; 
disengage, ungear; take o£F; defeat; make 
way with; rid. — v.r. be undone, come 
loose; weaken, spoil; rid oneself, get rid 
défait, p.p. A pr. S sing, of défaire, 
défaite, /. defeat; subterfuge, evasion. 
défalquer, v.t. deduct. 
défausser, v.t. straighten. 
défaut, m. want, lack, absence, deficiency; 
defect, flaw; fault; default. — pr. S sing. 
of défaillir. 
à — de, au — de, in the absence of, in lieu of; 

for want of. 
/aire — » be absent, be missing. 

défaTorabie, a. unfavorable. 
défavorablement, adv. unfavorably. 
défécation, /. defecation; clarification. 
défectlble, a. imperfect. 
défectueusement, adv. defectively. 
défectueux, a. defective. 
défendre, v.t. defend; prohibit, forbid. — v.r. 
defend oneself; forbear; avoid; decline; 
défendu, p.a. defended ; forbidden, prohibited. 
défense, /. defense; prohibition; fender; tusk. 
défenseur, m. defender, champion. 
défenslf, a. defensive. 
déféquer, v.t. defecate, clarify, clear, purify. 
défera, fut. s sing, of défaire. 
déférer, v.t. confer, bestow; denounce, accuse. 

— v.i. defer. 
déferrage, m. removal of iron, deferrization; 
removal of ironwork; (of a horse) unshoe- 
déferrer, v.t. deprive of iron, deferrize; remove 
ironwork from; unhinge (a door); unshoe 
(ahorse); disconcert. 
defervescence, /. defervescence, subsidence 
from a state of effervescence or {Med.) of 
défl, m. defiance. 
défiance, /. distrust; diflidence. 
déflbrage, m. separation of fiibers (see défibrer). 
défibrer, v.t. remove or separate the fibers of, 
disintegrate (as wood or sugar cane) ; grind 
(wood for making mechanical pulp). 
défibreur, m. fiber separator; {Paper) pulp 

grinder; {Sugar) cane shreidder. 
defibrination, /. defibrination. 
défibriner, v.t. defibrinate. 
déficeler, v.t. untie, undo, open (a package). 
déficit, m. deficit; deficiency. 
déficitaire, a. deficient. 

défier, v.t. defy. — v.r. be distrustful; be sus- 
picious, have an idea (of, that ) ; defy each 
défilage, m. unthreading; {Paper) breaking in 
of rags, separation of rags into their threads 
or fibers. 
défiler, v.t. unthread, unstring; {Paper) sepa- 
rate (rags) into threads or fibers, break in. 
défileur, m. unthreader; {Paper) rag-cylinder 
driver. — a. unthreading; {Paper) break- 
défileuse, /. unthreader; {Paper) breaker. 
défiloctaage, m. » défilage. 
défiloch», v.t. » défiler. 
défini, p.a. definite; defined. 
définir, v.t. define. — v.r. be defined. 
définissable, a. definable. 
définitif, a. definitive, final. 
définition, /. definition. 
définitivement» adv. definitively, finally. 
défit, p.def. S sing, of défaire. 

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déflagnmt, p.a. deflagrating. 

deflagrmtear, m. deflagrator. 

défli^rmtlon, /. déflagration. 

déflmgrer, v.i. deflagrate. 

défléchlr, v.t. <& i. deflect. 

déflecteur» m. deflector. 

déflesmateur, m. dephlegmator. 

déflesmallon^ /. dephlegmation. 

défl^mer» v.t. dephlegmate, rectify. 

deflexion* f. deflection. 

défloeheuse» /. rag-tearing machine, devil. 

défont» pr. S pi. of défaire. 

déformateur, a. deforming. 

déformation, /. deformation. 

déformer, v.t. deform. — v.r. become de- 

défonrnage, défoumement, m. taking from 
an oven, kiln or furnace, drawing. 

défoumer, v.t. take or draw (porcelain, glass, 
cement, etc.) from an oven, kiln, or fur- 

défoomeiir, m. drawer, kiln (or oven) drawer; 
(tor plate glass) hot-push man. 

défonmense, /. (Olasa) pot wagon. 

défratchlr, r.^ <& r. fade. 

défrayer, v.t. pay the expense of; entertain. 

déMcher, v.t. clear, make tillable; clear up. 

défmltor, v.t. strip of fruit; remove the taste 
of the fruit from (as olive oil). 

dosage, p.a. disengaged, etc. (see dégager); 
free, open; graceful. 

dégl^^ment, m. disengagement, liberation, 
emission, evolution; clearing; redemption. 

dégmKf^9 V't- disengage; liberate, emit, evolve; 
clear (a way); redeem. — v.r. be disen- 
gaged; be emitted; be cleared; disengage 

dégaler, v.t. clean, comb, (as rabbit skins). 

dégMUlr, v.t. degamish, strip, untrim. 

dégamlssage, m. degarnishing; thinning (of 
sugar beets). 

désât, m. damage, destruction, waste. 

d^canchlr, v.t. smooth, dress, plane, polish. 

dés^athEtf, v.t. deprive of gelatin, degelat- 

dégeler, v.t., r. A i. thaw, melt. 

dégénération, /. degeneration. 

dégénéré, p.a. degenerated, degenerate. 

l^^nérer, v.i. degenerate. 

dégénérescence, /. degeneration. 
— graUaeuae, fatty degeneration. 

d^^nérescent, a. degenerative. 

d^^mer, v.t. degerminate, deprive of the 

dégermeor, m. d^^mense, /. degerminator. 

déglaçage, déglacement, m. removal of luster; 
removal of ice. 

déglacer, v.t. deprive of luster (as paper); re- 
move the ice from; thaw, melt. 

dégloement» m, removal of glue, imgluing. 

déglner, v.t. remove the glue from, unglue. 

déglycerlner, v.t. remove the glycerin from (as 
oils), deglycerin, deglycerinate. 

d^^mmage, m. degumming, etc. (see dégom- 

dégommer, v.t. degum, ungum, scour (silk). 

d^^nflement, m. deflation, going down, re- 
duction (of swellings). 

dégonfler, v.t. deflate, reduce (something swol- 
len). — v.r. be deflated, be reduced, sub- 

dégor, m. discharge pipe or tube; specif., (Z>t8- 
tilling) a pipe carrying spent wash. 

dégorgement, dégorgeage, m. clearing, etc., 
(see dégorger). 

dégorgeoir, m. a mill for scouring cloth; an 
instrument for cleaning a tube or opening; 
(of a gun) priming wire; spout where 
water issues. 

dégorger, v.t. clear, deabstruct, unstop (as a 
pipe) ; cleanse, scour, wash (cloth, leath^, 
etc.); hollow out; disgorge. — v.i. dis- 
charge, empty; overflow. — v.r. discharge; 
overflow; become unstopped. 

dégoudronnage, dégondronnement, m. re- 
moval of tar. 

dégoudronner, v.t. deprive of tar, untar. 

dégoudronneur, m. tar remover. 

dégourdi, p.a. slightly warm; (of porcelain) in 
the state of biscuit, unglazed; reanimated, 
revived; lively; sharp, shrewd. — m. 
(Ceram ) biscuit baking, biscuit fire; also, 
biscuit, unglazed body. 

dégourdir, v.t. warm slightly, take the chill off 
of; cool, allow to cool (to lukewarmness) ; 
(Ceram.) give the first or biscuit baking to; 
remove nimibness from, revive; (fié-) 
sharpen, polish. — v.i. warm slightly, be- 
come lukewarm; cool (to lukewarnmess). 
— v.r. revive. 

d^^ût, m disgust; mortification. 

dégoûtant, p.a. disgusting. 

dégoûter, v.t, disgust. — v.r. be disgusted. 

dégouttement, m. dripping, dropping, trick- 

dégoutter, v.i. drip, drop, trickle. 

dégradation, /. degradation; deterioration. 

dégrader, ».(. degrade; (of colors) degrade, re- 
duce, tone down; deteriorate. — v.r. be 
degraded; degrade oneself. 

dégrafer, v.t. unhook, unfasten. 

dégragène, m. degragene, a substance supposed 
to exist in fish oils. 

dégraissage, m. scouring, etc. (see dégraisser). 

dégraissant, p.a. scouring, etc. (see dégrais- 
ser). — TO. scouring agent, cleaner, de- 
greaser; (Ceram.) leaning agent, antiplas- 
tic or aplastic material. 

dégraisse, m. fat cut from meat in retailing it 
(distinguished from leaf fat). 

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dégraisser, v.t. scour, clean; free from fat, de- 
grease, ungrease, unoil; skim, scum (liq- 
uids); correct the greasy taste of (wine); 
fat-extract (filter paper); {Ceram.) render 
lees plastic, lean, thin; impoverish (soil); 
dress down (wood); emaciate. (Cf. des- 

dégralsseur, m. scourer (in various industries) ; 
scouring machine (for wool). 

dégralssls» m. grease removed by scouring, 
extracting, skimming or the like. 

dégralssoir, m. a machine or instrument for 
scouring or degreasing. 

dégras, m. (Leather) dégras, degras. 

— anglais, sod oil. 
degré, m. degree; step, stair. 

de — en — , step by step. 

— centésimal, centigrade degree, degree cen- 

par degrés, by degrees, gradually. 

dégrenenr, m. (Çeram.) mill attendant. 

dégrever, v.t. free (as from tax or duty). 

dégrossage, m. reduction in size, drawing (of 

dégrosser, v.t reduce in size, draw (metals). 

dégrossir, v.t. (subject to any operation rough- 
ly, in a preliminary way) rough down, 
rough-shape, rough-dress; rough-grind 
(plate glass); concentrate (ores) roughly; 
give a first filtration to (water). 

dégrossissage, m. roughing down, rough-shap- 
ing, etc. (see dégrossir). 

dégrosslsseur, m. a workman, machine or tool 
that roughs down, rough-shapes, etc. (see 
dégrossir) ; {Iron) roughing roll. — a. 
roughing, rough-shaping, etc., rough, re- 
ducing, preliminary. 

déguisement, m. disguise. 

déguiser, v.t. disguise. 

dégustateur, m. taster. 

dégustation, /. tasting (of wine, etc.). 

d^VSter, v.t. taste, test by tasting. 

dégut, m. daggett (empyreumatic oil of birch). 

debors, adv. out, without, outside. — m. out- 
side, exterior; foreign countries. 
au — , out, outside; abroad; externally. 
au — de, outside of. 

en —, out, outward, on the outside; frank. 
en — de, outside of, out of; apart from. 
par — , outside, without. 

déhydraoétfque, a. dehydracetic, dehydro- 

déhydromuclque, a. dehydromucic 

déjà» adv. already. 

déjecteur, m. ejector (of boiler scale). 

déjection,/. {Oeol. & Physiol.) dejection; (pi.) 
dejecta, excrement. 

déjeter, v.t. & r. warp. 

déjeuner, m. breakfast; breakfast service. 

— de soleil, a fabric that fades rapidly. 

delà, prep, beyond. (Used chiefly in phrases.) 
au — , farther, beyond; more. 
au — de, beyond. 

de — , from there; beyond; from beyond. 
en — , beyond; further on. 
par — , beyond; farther; more. 

délabrer, v.t. shatter, ruin, disorder. 

délai, m. delay; time allowed for something. 
— de livraison, time required for delivery. 

délalement, m. » délayage. 

délalnage, m. wool pulling. 

délalner, v.t. strip of wool. 

délalneur, m. wool puller. 

délaissé, p. a. abandoned; in disuse. 

délaisser, v.t. abandon. 

délaltage, délaltement, m. removal of milk: 
specif., the working or drying of butter. 

délalter, r.^ deprive of milk, work (butter). 

délalteuse, /. butter drier. 

délassant, p.a. refreshing. 

délavage, m. dilution, weakening (of colors). 

délavOT, v.t. dilute, weaken (colors). 

délayage, m. mixing, etc. (see délayer); mix- 
ture, thinned or tempered material. 

délayant, p.a. mixing, etc. (see délayer). — m. 
a liquid used for mixing, tempering or thin- 

délayement, m. » délayage. 

délayer, v.t. mix (a powd^, paste or the like 
with a liquid), temper, thin; dilute (colors). 

délayeur, m. mixer, thinner (see délayer); 
(Ceram.) blunge; (Cement) wash mill. 

délecter, v.t. delight. 

délégué, p.a. delegated. — m. delegate. 

délétère, a. deleterious, noxious. 

délibéré, p.a. deliberate; bold. 

délibérer, v.i. deliberate; decide. 

délicat, a. dehcate. 

délicatesse, /. delicacy. 

délicieux, a. delicious; delightful. 

délié, p.a. untied, loose; fine, thin, slender; 
shrewd, clever. 

délier, v.t. untie; loose, free. 

délimiter, v.t. delimit, demarcate, define. 

déliquescence, /. deliquescence. 

déliquescent, a. deliquescent. 

déllqulum, m. deliquium; (Obs.), deliquesoenoe, 
liquid formed by dehquescenoe. 

délirant, p.a. delirious. 

délire, m. deliiium. 

déllssage, m. rag cutting (see délisser). 

déllsser, v.t. (Paper) cut (rags) to workable size. 

déllsseuse, /. rag cutter. 

délit, m. (of a stone) edge, side transverse to the 
grain; ofFense. 

délltage, délltement, m. crumbling, etc. (see 

déliter, v.t. <& r. crumble, disintegrate; specif., 
effloresce; (of lime) slake; cleave, split, 
splinter; set (a stone) edgewise. 

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déUtescence» /. crumbling, diaint^ratioii; 
specif., efflorescence; (Med.) delitescence. 

déllteflcent» a. capable of being disint^rated; 
specif., efflorescent. 

déllYnuDce» /. delivery; deliverance; (Physiol.) 
expulsion of the after-birth. 

délivre, m. after-birth. 

déllviw» v.t, deliver. 

delphlnlne, /. delphinine. 

délnstrer» v.t. deprive of luster, ungloss. 

delutage» m. unluting, removal of the lute; re- 
moval of coke from a gas retort. 

déliiter* v.t. unlute, remove the lute from. 

démadace» m. stirring of melted glass. 

démacler, v. t. stir (melted glass). 

démagnétiser, v.t. demagnetise. 

demain, adv. & m. tomorrow. 

demande, /. request; application; claim; 
(Com.) order; demand; question. 

— de brevet, patent application. 
demander, v.t. ask; want, wish; demand; 

(Com.) order; call for; ask for. 

demandeur, m. asker; (Law) plaintiff. 

démangeaison, /. itching. * 

démarcation, /. demarcation. 

démariage, m. thinning (of plants) ; divorce. 

démarrage, m. starting. 

démarrer, v.t. A i. start. 

démarreur, m. (Mach.) starter. 

démêll^pe, m. disentangling, etc. (see démêler) ; 
sorting (of wool); combing (of hair); 
(firewtng) mashing, mash. 

démêler, v.t. disentangle, reduce to order; dis- 
tinguish; discover. — v.r. be disentangled; 
be cleared up; stand out. 

démence, /. dementia. 

démentir, v.t. belie; contradict; disbelieve. 

— v.r. contradict oneself or each other, be 
inconsistent; cease; (of buildings) give 

démesuré, a. immoderate, excessive, enormous. 

démesurément, adv. immeasurably, exces- 
sively, enormously. 

démétiiyler, v.t. deprive of methyl, demethyl- 

démettre, o.f. dismiss; dislocate. — v.r. quit, 
resign; be dislocated. 

demeurant, p.a. living, etc. (see demeurer). 
— TO. remainder, rest; survivor. 
au — , on the whole, after all. 

demeure, /. delay; dwelling, residence. 
à — , immovable, immovably. 

demeurer, r.t. live, dwell; stay; remain; stop. 

demi, a., adv. & m. half. 
à —, half, by half. 

demi-, semi-, half-, demi-, hemi-. 

demi-baile, /. half-ball, hemisphere. 

demi-blanc, a. semi-white, nearly white. 

demi-brillant, a. semi-brilliant, moderately 

demi-eerde, m. semicircle, half circle. 
deml-cheval, m. half horsepower. 
deml-ciiimiQue, a. (Paper) designating a 

wood pulp made by combined chemical and 

mechanical treatment, semi-chemical. 
demi-clreulaire, a. semicircular. 
deml-conducteur, to. (^lec.) semi-conductor. 
deml-cristal, m. a kind of lead glass in the 

making of which crystal cullet is used. 
demi-diamètre, m. semidiameter, radius. 
demi-dlsque, m. half-disk. 
demi-dl3dème, m. half a tenth, twentieth. 
demi-doublé, a. (Jetoebry) designating a jewel 

having the crown of one stone and the lower 

part of another stone or of glass. 
démleller, v.t. remove wax from (honey). 
demi-ferme, a. semi-firm; specif., (Ceram.) 

designating a paste which is rather stiff but 

can be kneaded by hand. 
demi-fin, a. (of metals) half-fine. — m. 

twelve-carat gold. 
demi-flulde, a. semifluid. 
demi-fraude, /. semi-fraud, partial fraud. 
deml-gras, a. (of coal) semi-bituminous; (of 

cheese) made from partially skimmed milk, 

deml-haut-foumeau, m. small blast furnace. . 
demi-heure, /. half-hour. 
demi-Jour, to. twilight, dim light. 
demi-Journée, /. half-day. 
demi-litre, m. half-liter. 
demi-longueur, /. half-length. 
demi-molécule, /. half-molecule. 
demi-moiie, a. fem. (Ceram.) designating a 

paste easily worked by the fingers yet not 

adhering to them. 
deml-moule, /. half-mold. 
deml-muid, m. half hogshead. 
déminéralisation, /. déminéralisation, (Med.) 

excessive elimination of mineral matter in 

the urine. 
déminéraliser, v.t. demineralize. 
demi-onde, /. half-wave, half-wave-length. 
demi-opale, /. semiopal. 
demi-porcelaine, /. semiporcelain. 
demi-précieux, a. semiprecious. 
demi-profond, a. of moderate depth, neither 

deep nor shallow. 
demi-raffiné, a. semirefined. 
demi-rond, a. half-round. 
demi-ronde, /. half-round file. 
démis, p.p. db p. def. 1 <& B sing, of démettre. 
demi-siècle, m. half-century. 
demi-sphère, a. hemisphere. 
demi-sphérique, a. hemispheric (al). 
démission, /. resignation. 
demi-teinte, /. demitint, half tint. 
demi-tour, m. half turn. 
démocratie, /. democracy. 
démodé, a. out of fashion, old-fashioned. 





demoiseUe, /. beetle, rammer. 

démolir» v.t. demolish. 

demonstrateiir, m. demonstrator. 

démonstration, /. demonstration. 

démonstratlvement, adv. convincingly. 

démontable» a. dismoimtable, capable of be- 
ing taken apart. 

démontage» m. dismounting, etc. (see démon- 

démonter, v.t. dismount; take to pieces, take 
apart, take down, knock down; unset 
(gems) ; disconcert. — v.r. be dismounted; 
be dismountable; go to pieces; be discon- 

démontrablllté, /. demonstrability. 

démontrable, a. demonstrable. 

démontrer, v.t. demonstrate; show. 

démoulage, m. removal from the mold, strip- 
ping, lifting. 

démouler, v.t. remove from the mold, strip, 

démouleur, m. stripper. 

démultipllcateur, m. (Mach.) a device for re- 
ducing velocity, reducer. — o. reducing. 

démultiplier, v.t. (Mach.) reduce, gear down. 

dénaturant, p.a. denaturing. — m. dénatur- 

dénaturateur, m. dénaturer. 

dénaturatlon, /. denaturing, denaturation; 
alteration, modification, conversion. 

dénaturé, p.a. denatured; altered, converted; 
(of iron) refined; unnatural. 

dénaturer, v.t. denature; change the nature or 
properties of, alter, convert; refine (pig 

dendrite, /. dendrite. 

dendrltique, a. dendritic. 

dénégation, /., déni, m. denial. 

dénier, v.t. deny. 

dénltrant, p.a. denitrating. 

dénltrer, v.t. denitrate. 

dénltrlflcation, /. denitrification. 

dénltrlfler, v.t. denitrify. 

dénombrement, m. numbering, enumeration, 
counting; census; list, catalog. 

dénombra, v.t. number, enumerate, count. 

dénominateur, m. denominator. 

dénomination, /. denomination. 

dénommtf, v.t. name, denominate. — v.r. 
be named. 

dénoncer, v.t. denounce; declare; denote. 

dénoter, v.t. denote. 

denrée, /. product, produce, good, commodity ; 
specif., food product, foodstuff. 
— alimentaire, foodstuff, food product, pro- 

dense, a. dense. 

denslmètre, m. densimeter. 

denslmétrlque, a. densimetric. 

densité,/, density; denseness. 

dendrite absolue, absolute density. 

— au mercure, density by mercury, real den- 

— de vapeur, vapor density. 

— du courant, current density. 

— reelle, real density. 
dent, /. tooth. 

— de barrage, catch, detent, pawl, click. 

— de lion, (Bot.) dandelion. 

— de loup, (Mach.) catch, detent, pawl. 

— d'engrenage, gear tooth; ratchet. 

dente de loup, (Glaee) a long rod with a double 

hook at the end, for handling the pots in 

the furnace. 
dentaire, dental, a. dental. 
dent-de-cheval, /. a greenish-blue variety of 

dent-de-loup, /. see dent de loup, under dent. 
denté, a. toothed, (of wheels, etc.) cogged, (of 

leaves, etc.) serrated, serrate. 
dentelalre, /. {Bot.) leadwort (Plurnbago, esp. 

P. europcea). 
dentelé, p.a. notched, jagged; (fiei.) dentate. 
denteler, v.t. notch, jag, indent, tooth. 
dentelle, /. lace; lacework. 

— defil* — en fiU, thread lace. 
denter, v.t. tooth, cog. 

dentier, m. an instrument for cutting soap; set 
of teeth (esp. an artificial one), denture. 

dentlMce, m. dentifrice. — a. tooth-cleaning, 

dentine, /. dentine. 

dentiste, m. dentist. 

denture, /. {Machi) teeth, cogs, gearing, tooth- 
ing; set of teelii. 

dénué, a. devoid, destitute. 

dénuer, v.t. deprive, strip. 

dépaquet», v.t. unpack, open. 

dépareillé, a. incomplete, imperfect; odd. 

dépareiller, v.t. break, spoil (a set). 

déparer, v.t. spoil, mar; strip of ornament. 

départ, m. parting (of metals) ; separation, divi- 
sion; sorting; departure; place of depar- 
t\u*e, exit; dischaige (of a firearm). — pr, 
3 sing, of départir. 

département, m. department. 

départir, v.t. dispense, bestow. — v.r. depart; 

dépasser, v.t. pass, go beyond; exceed; be 
higher or longer than; project beyond; sur- 
pass; draw out, unwind; {Metal.) overpole. 

dépêche, /. dispatch. 

dépêcher, v.t. dispatch. — v.r. hasten, hurry. 

dépeindre, v.t. describe, depict. 

dépendance, /. dependence. 

dépendant, a. & m. dependent 

dépendre, v.t. depend; belong. — v.t. take 

dépens, m.p2. expense, cost, costs, charges. 
aux — de, at the expense of. 

uigitizea Dy 





9 /. expenditure, expense, outlay; con- 
sumption (as of electricity) ; discharge (as 
of water); dispensary. 

dépenser, v4. expend, spend; consume; waste. 
— v.r. be spent; be consumed. 

déperdition, /. loss, waste, dissipation; (of gas 
or liquid) escape. 

dépérir, v.t. waste away, molder, wither, spoil. 

dépeupler, v.t, depopulate. 

déphlegmateiir, etc. See déflegmateur, etc. 

déphloilstiquer, v.t. (Old Chem.) dephlogisti- 

déphospiioration, /. dephosphorisation. 

déphosphorer, v.t. dephosphorize. 

dépliage, m. unhairing; (Mining) removal of 

dépllallf, a. depilatory. 

dépUatlon, /. unhairing, dq;>ilation. 

déidlatolre, a. <& m. depilatory. 

déplier, v.t. unhair, depilate; clear of pillan. 

déplstôr, v.t. discover; mislead. 

d^lt, m. spite, despite. 
en — de, in spite of. 

dépUcable, a. displaceable. 

déplacé, p.a. displaced; out of plaoe. 

déplacement, m. displacement, etc. (see dé* 

dépûc», v.t. displace; shift, move. — v.r. be 
displaced; be moved; change one's resi- 

déplaire, v.i. be displeasing. — v.r. not to 
thrive; not to be pleased. 

déplaisant, a. unpleasant, disagreeable. 

déplâtrage, m. removal of plasteiing. 

déplier, v.t. unfold. 

déplomlNMSe, m. removal of lead. 

déplomber, v.t. remove lead from, strip of lead. 

déployer, v.t. display; deploy. 

déplu, p.p. of déplaire. 

dépolarisant, p.a. depolarising. — m. depolar- 

dépolarisateur, m. depolarizer. 

dépolarisatlon, /. depolarization. 

dépolariser, v.t. depolarize. 

dépoli, p.a. depolished, mat, (of glass) ground, 
frosted. — m. depolishing, depolished sur- 

dépolir, v.t. depolish, remove the polish of; 
grind, frost (glass); tarnish. — v.r. lose its 
polish, become dull, tarnish. 

dépolissage, dépollssement, m. depolishing; 
grinding, frosting (of glass) ; tarnishing. 

déposage, m. deposition, settling. 

déposer, v.t. deposit; lay aside; depose. — v.r. 
be deposited, deposit; form a deposit, set- 
tle. — v.i. form a deposit, settle. 

dépositaire, m. A f. depositary. 

depot, m. deposit; depot; storehouse; deposi- 
tion; depository. 
— marine marine dex>oeit. 

dépotage, dépotement, m. decanting, décan- 

dépoter, v.t. decant; unpot (a plant). 

dépouille, /. hide, skin; crop (as of grain); 
spoil, booty; (mortal) remains. 

dépouillement, m. skinning, etc. (see dé- 

dépouiller, v.t. skin; strip; deprive; plunder; 
reap, gather (crops); abstract (accounts); 
go over, work up (reports, etc.). — v.r. 
strip oneself; be stripped; (of wine) be- 
come lighter. 

dépourvoir, v.t. deprive. 

dépourvu, p.a. deprived, unprovided (with); 
destitute, devoid. 
au — , unawares. 

déprenant, p.a. separating, etc. (see dépren- 

déprendre, v.t. separate, part. — v.r. rid one- 

dé^esslon, /. depression, lowering; reduced 
pressure, vacuimi. 

déprimer, v.t. depress; disparage. 

dépris, p.a. separated, parted. 

depuis, prep: from; since. — adv. since. 

— que, since. 

dépulpage, m. reduction to pulp, pulphig. 
dépulper, v.t. reduce to pulp, pulp. 
dépulpeur, m. pulper. 
dépurateur, dépuratif, a. & m. (Med.) de- 

dépuration, /. (Med.) depuration. 
dépuratoire, a. depuratory, depurative. 
dépurer, v.t. (Med.) depurate. 
député, p.a. deputed. — m. deputy. 
déraciner, v.t. uproot; eradicate. 
déraisonnable, a. imreasonable. 
dérangement, m. derangement, disord^. 
déranger, v.t. derange, disarrange, disturb. 

— v.r. be (or get) out of order; trouble one- 
self; be deranged. 

dératisation, /. rat extermination. 
dérayer, v.t. = drayer. 

déréglé, p.a. out of order; irregular; inor- 
dinate; dissolute. 
déri^ler, v.t. put out of order or adjustment. 

— v.r. get out of order. 

dérivant, p.a. derived, originating, proceeding. 

— m. derivative. 
dérivatif, a. A m. derivative. 
dérivation, /. derivation; drift; diversion; 

deviation; (Elec.) shunting, e^unt; small 

tube connected to a larger one. 
dérive, /. deviation. 
dérivé, p.a. derived; secondary; derivative; 

(Elec.) shunt, shunted. — m. derivative. 

— éthéré, derivative of the nature of an etheC 
(or ester). 

— purique, purine derivative. 
dérivée, /. (Math.) derivative. 

uigiiizea Dy \.jkj 





dértTer» «.t. be derived; deviate; drift. — v.t. 

derive; divert; deflect; unrivet; (Elec.) 

dérfreter, v.t unrivet. 
derle. /. kaolin. 
dermatite» /. dermatitis. 
derme» m. {Anat.) derma, dermis, true skin. 
dtfmlqae» a. dermic, deiinaL 
dernier, a. â: m. last. 

au — point, extremely. 
dernièrement, adv. lately, recently; lastly. 
dérobé, p. a. shelled; stolen; secret, private. 

d la dérobée, secretly, privately. 
dérober, v.t. shell, peel; steal; save; hide. 

— v.r. steal away, slip away; be hidden. 
dérocliage, m. (of metals) scouring, pickling, 

dérocher, v.t. (of metals) scour, pickle, dip; re- 
move rooks from. 
déromiMige, m. cutting (of rags) ; removal of 

excess finish (from cloth). 
d^ompeuse, /. a machine for removing excess 

finish from cloth. 
dérompolr, m. rag cutter. 
dérompre, v.t. cut (rags) ; remove excess finish 

from (cloth). 
déronillement, m. removal of rust. 
dérouUler, v.t. remove rust from; rub up. 
déroulement, m. unrolling. 
dérouler, v.t. & r. unroll; (fig.) unfold. 
dérouter, v.t. mislead; disconcert. 
dorlère, prep. A adv. behind. — m. back, 

back part, hind part, rear, (of ships) stem. 
par — , behind, from behind. 
de8. Contraction of de lee, of the, from the, etc. 

(see de). 
dès, prep, from, starting from. 

— aprèa, after. 

— avant, before. 

— là, therefore; from then, ever since. 

— là quet as, since. 

— lore, from that time, ever since; immedi- 
ately; therefore, accordingly. 

— lore que, since, as. 

— que, as soon as, when; as, since. 
dé8«, des-, dis-, de-, un-. 

désAblage, m. removal of sand (as from cast- 

désabonnement, m. discontinuance (of a sub- 
scription to a periodical). 

désaccord, m. disagreement; discord. 

désacidiflcatlon, /. deacidification. 

désacidifler, v.t. deacidify. 

désaclératlon, /. unsteeling. 

désadérer, v.t. unsteel. 

désactiver, v.t. render inactive; disarm (mines). 

désafflenrer, v.t. fail to bring to the proper 
level (as in pipets); destroy the level of, 
render uneven. 

désagenc», v. t. disarrange, disadjust; ungear. 

désasrafer, v.t. unhook, tmchisp; (Mw^y 

désagréable, a. disagreeable. 

désagréablement, adv. disagreeably. 

désagrégation, /. disintegration, disaggrega- 

désagrégeable, a. disintegrate. 

désagrégeant, p.a. disint^rating. 

désagréger, v.t. disintegrate, disaggregate; dis- 
arrange. — v.r. disintegrate. 

déSHfément, m. unpleasantness; defect. 

désalgrir, v.t. remove the sourness or sharpness 
of, sweeten. 

désaimantation, /. demagnetization. 

désaimanter, v.t. demagnetise. 

désajusttt, v.t. put out of order, disarrange. 

désallalter, v.t. wean. 

ûéaaitérer, v.t. quench the thirst of, refresh. 

désamidase, /. deamidase, desamidase. 

désamorçage, m. unpriming; exhausting (of 
an arc). 

désamorcer, v.t. unprime, remove the priming 
from (ae a siphon or a cartridge case). 

désappointer, v.t. disappoint. 

désapprendre, v.t. unlearn, forget. 

désappris, p.a. unlearned, forgotten. 

désargentage, m., désargentatlon, /. desil- 
verisation, desilverizing, desilvering. 

désargenter, v.t. desilverize, desilver. 

désargenture, /. » désargentage. 

désarmer, v.t. disarm. 

désarroi, m. disarray, disorder, confusion. 

désarticuler, v.t. disarticulate, disjoint, separ- 
ate (joint by joint). 

désassembler, v.t. disassemble. 

désasslmllateur, a. (Physiol.) disassimilating, 

désasslmllatlon,/. disassimilation, catabolism. 

désasslmller, v.t. disassimilate, catabolize. 

désassodatlon, /. disassociation. 

désassoder, v.t. disassociate. 

désassorti, p.a. unmatched, odd, ill-sorted. 

désastre, m. disaster. 

désastreusement, adv. disastrously. 

désastreux, a. disastrous. 

désaturé, a. unsaturated; superheated (steam). 

désavantage, m. disadvantage. 

désavantageusement, adv. disadvantage- 

désavantageux, a. disadvantageous, unfavor- 

désaiotatlon, /. denitrification. 

désasoter, v.t. denitrify. 

desceUement, m. unsealing, etc. (see desceller). 

desceller, v.t. unseal, unfasten; (Olaes) chip off 
the rough parts of. 

descendant, p.a. descending, etc. (see descen- 
dre). — m. descendant. 

descenderle, /. (Mining) a descending i 
connecting galleries at different levels. 

uigiiizeci by '' 





descendre» v,%. descend; go down, subside, fall. 

— v.t. take down, lower; descend; land. 
descendu» p.a. descended, etc. (see descendre), 
descente, /.descent; slope; taking down; pipe; 

down stroke; (Afed.) rupture, hernia. 
descriptif» a. descriptive. 
description, /. description. 
désembaHage, m. unpacking. 
désemballer, v.t. unpack. 
désembrayage, etc. See débrayage, etc. 
désemparer, v.t. & i. leave, quit. 
désemplir, v.t. make less full, empty (in part). 

— v.r, get low, get less full. 
désempolsonner, v.t. free from poison. 
désencroûter, v.t. free from crust or scale. 
désenflammer, v.t. extinguish (a blaze). 
désenfler, v.t. deflate. — v.%. be deflated. 
désenfliire, /. deflation, going down. 
désenfoorner, v.t. «> diéfoumer. 
désengrener, v.t. throw out of gear, ungear, 

disengage, disconnect. 

déseurayer, v.t. unlock (a wheel) ; release (as 
a brake) : uncouple, disconnect. 

désentortUler, v.t. disentangle. 

désenvelopper, v.t. open, undo (as a package). 

déséquilibre, m. absence of equilibrium. 

déséquilibré, a. disequilibrated, out of equi- 

déséquilibrer, v.t. throw out of equilibrium. 

désert, a. <& m. desert. 

déserter, v.t. <k i. desert. 

désespérance, /. despair. 

désespérant, p.a. discouraging. 

désespéré, p.a. desperate; sorry. 

désespérément, adv. desperate. 

désespéra, v.i. A r. despair. — v.t. drive to 
despair; dishearten, discourage. 

désespoir, m. despair; concern. 

désMsencler» v.t. deprive of the more volatile 
part, remove the low-boiling constituents 

désétamage, m. detinning. 

désétamer, v.t. detin. 

désherbant, p.a. weeding, eradicating weeds. 

— m. weed eradicator. 

déshonneur, m. dishonor. 

déshnller, v.t. remove the oil from, unoil. 

déshydratant, p.a. dehydrating. — m. dehy- 
drating agent. 

déshydratation, /. dehydration. 
déshydrater, v.t. dehydrate. — v.r. dehydrate, 

lose water. 
déshydrocénatlon, /. dehydrogenation, de- 

déshydrogéner, v.t. dehydrogenise, dehydro- 

désignation, /. designation. 
d eslgU CT, v.t. designate; denote, indicate. 
déstucrostant, m. disincrustant, antiincrusta- 

t<v, boiler compouniL — a. scale-removing. 

désincmstation, /. removal of incrustation at 
scale (as from a boiler). 

désincruster, v.t. free from incrustation or 

désinence, /. termination (of a word). 

désinfectant, a. & m. disinfectant. 

désinfecter, v.t. disinfect. 

désinfecteur, m. disinfector. 

désinfection, /. disinfection. 

déslnfect^rtre, m. disinfecting station. 

désintégrateur, m. disintegrator. 

désintégration, /. disintegration. 

désintégrer, v.t. disintegrate. 

désintéressé, a. disinterested. 

désintéressement, m. disinterestedness. 

désir, m. desire. 

désirable, a. dedrable. 

désirer, v.t. desire; wish. 

désireux, a. desirous. 

desmlne, /. (Min.) desmine (stilbite). 

desmotrople, /. desmotropy, desmotropism. 

désobéir, v.i. disobey. 

désobstruant, désobstmctif, a. ék m. (Med.) 
deobstruent, aperient 

désodorer, v.t. deodorize. 

désodorisatlon, /. deodorization. 

désodoriser, v.t. deodorize. 

désœuvrer, v.t. {Paper) separate (the sheets); 
rend^ idle. 

désolation, /. desolation; distress; vexation. 

désolé, p.a. desolate; distressed; sorry. 

désordonner, v.t. disorder, disturb. 

déswdre, m. disorder. 

désorganlsateur, a. disorganizing. — m. dis- 

désorganisation, /. disorganization. 

désorganiser, v.t. disorganize. — v.r. become 

désormais, adv. henceforth, hereafter; thence- 
forth, thereafter. 

désosser, v.t. bone, remove the bones from. 

désoufirage, m. desulfiuization, desulfuring. 

désoufker, v.t. desulfurize, desulfur. 

désoxallque, a. desoxalio. 

désoxydant, p.a. deoxidizing. — m. deozi- 

désoxydation, /. deoxidation, deoxidization. 

désoxyder, v.t. deoxidize. — v.r. be deoxidized. 

désox^énatlon, /. deoxygenation, deoxida- 

désoxygéner, v.t. deoxygenate, deoxidize. 

despumatlon, /. despumation, scumming; for* 
mation of froth. 

despumer, v.t. despumate, skim, darify (by re- 
moving scum). 

desquels, desquelles. Contractions of de Ua- 
queUt de leaquellee, of whom, of which, from 
whom, from which, etc. (see de). 

dessabler, v.t. remove sand from (as castings). 
m. freeing from blood. 

y Google 




I v.t. free from blood, specif., wash 
(hides or skins) to remove blood and other 

dessalement, dessalage, m., dessalaison, /. 
removal of salt, rendering less salt. 

dessaler, t.t. render less salt, remove salt from 
(as sea water by distillation). 

desséchant, p.a. drsring, desiccating, desiccative. 

dessèchement, m. drying, etc. (see dessécher). 

dessécher, v.t. & t. dry, desiccate; dry up; 
drain (land); season (wood). 

desséchenr, m. drier. 

dessein, m. design. 

d — , by design, on purpose, 
d — de, in order to. 
d — que, in order that. 
èanB — , unintentionally. 

desserrage, desserrement, m. loosening; 
slackening; release. 

desserrw, t.t. loosen; slacken. — «.r. be 
loosened; get loose. 

dessert, pr. S ting, of desservir. — m. dessert. 

dessenrlr, v.t. serve, supply, furnish service to; 
take away, clear off; disserve, damage. 

desseuTrer, v.t. separate (sheets of paper). 

desslccant, p.a. desiccating, desiocant. 

desslccateur, m. desiccator. 
— d vide, vacuum desiccator. 

desslccatlf, a. & m. desiccative. 

dessiccation, /. desiccation, drying. 

dessin, m. design; drawing. 

dessiner, v.t. draw; sketch, outline; set off. 
— v.%. draw. — v.r. appear, take shape. 

dessondage, m. unsoldering; un welding. 

dessouda, v.t. unsolder; unweld. — v.r. come 
unsoldered, or unwelded. 

dessondure, /. unsoldering; unwelding. 

dessonfler, v.t. deflate. 

dessonlW^, m. desulfurisation, desulfuring. 

dessouflrer, v.t. desulfiuize, desulfur. 

dessons, adv. A prep, below, imder, under- 
neath, beneath. — m. under side, bottom; 
wrong side (of cloth) ; support for a dish, 
de — , under, under-, 
en — , underneath; imderhand. 

dessnlntage, m. removal of suint from wool, 
steeping, scouring. (Suint is preferably re- 
moved by steeping in water and is then dis- 
tingtiished from the degreasing or true 
scouring which follows. However the two 
operations, singly or combined, are usually 
included in the term "scouring.") 

dessnlnter, v.t. deprive of suint, steep, scour 
(see dessuintage). 

dessnlnteuse, /. an apparatus for removing 
suint from wool. 

adr. above, over, on, upon. — m. 
upper side, upper part, top; right side (of 
eloth); cover (of a book); back (of the 
hand); advantage. 

dessus, de — , from off, from; upper, top. 
en — , above, on top, on, upon, over. 

destin, m. destiny, fate. 

destinataire, m. addressee, consignee. 

destination, /. destination. 

destlnw, v.t. destine; resolve. 

destructeur, a. destructive, destroying. 

destmctlblllté, /. destructibility. 

destructible, a. destructible. 

destructif, a. destructive. 

destruction, /. destruction. 

désnintage, m. » dessuintage. 

désulfliratlon, /. desulfuration, desulfurisa* 

desulftver, v.t. desulfur, desulfurize. 

désunir, v. t. disunite, disjoin; disjoint. 

détachw, v.t. detach; imloose, untie, undo, 
take down; remove spots from, clean. 
— v.r. be detached, get loose, come undone, 
come out. 

détail, m. detail; (Com.) retail. 
en — , in detail; by retail, retail. 

détaillant, a. retail. — m. retailer. 

détailler, v.t. detail; cut up; (Com.) retail. 

détanner, v.t. detannate, deprive of tannin. 

détartrage, m. removal of tartar or scale. 

détartrer, v.t. remove tartar or scale from, de- 
tartarise, scale, fur; clean (casks or boilers); 
soften (water). 

détartreur, m. detartariser, water softener; 
cleaner (of casks or boilers). 

détartrlsatlon, /. removal of tartar or scale. 

déteignant, p.a. decoloring, etc. (see dé- 

déteignent, pr. S pi. of déteindre. 

déteindre, v.t. decolor, bleach. — v.r. loss 
color, fade. — v.i. lose color, fade; come 
off (on). 

détint, p.p. A pr.S eing. of déteindre. 

détendeur, m. pressure regulator; expansion 
valve; reduction valve. 

détendre, v.t. (of gases) relax the pressure on, 
expand, allow to expand; unbend, relax, 
slacken, loosen; take down. — v.r. (of 
gases) expand; unbend, loosen, relax. 

détenir, v.t. detain, hold, hold back. 

détente, /. expansion (of gases); expansion 
valve; {Steam) cut-off; detent, catch, dig- 
ger; firing mechanism; relaxation. 

détenu, p.p. of détenir. 

détergent, a. A m. detergent. 

déterger, v.t. cleanse. 

détériorant, p.a. deteriorating. 

détérioration, /. deterioration. 

détériorer, v.t. A r. deteriorate. 

determinable, a. determinable. 

déterminant, a. A m. determinant. 

détermination, /. determination. 

déterminé, p.a. determined; caused; deter- 

Digitized by 






déterminer, v.t. determine; cause. — v.r, de- 
termine, resolve. 

déterrer, v.t. unearth; dig up, exhume. 

détersif, a. â: m. detersive, detergent. 

détient, pr. 3 sing, of détenir. 

déttrer, t.i. draw out; stretch. 

détonant, p.a. detonating, explosiv'e. — m. 
detonating substance, explosive. 

détonateur, m. detonator. 

— à double effet, double-action detonator. 

— retardé, delay-action detonator. 
détonation, /., détonementy m. detonation, 

à détonation, detonating. 
détoner, v.i. detonate, explode. 
détonneler, v.t. draw from the tun or cask. 
détordre, v.t. imtwist. 
détors, a. untwisted. 
détortiller, v.t. untwist. 
détouper, v.t. unstop. 

détour, m. turning, winding; by-way, detour. 
détourné, p.a. diverted, etc. (see déto\u*ner); 

indirect, roundabout; by- (way). 
détourner, v. t. divert, deflect, tiurn aside; deter, 

dissuade. — v.i. turn, tium o£F. — v.r. 

deviate, turn away, t\u*n off. 
détraqué, p.a. out of order; deranged. 
détraquer, v.t. put out of order, disorder, 

derange; divert. — v.r. get out of order; 

become deranged. 
détrempe, /. distemper. 
détremper, v. t. mix (a solid with a liquid), thin; 

soak, wet; slake (lime); anneal (steel); 

soften, sweeten, moUify; enervate. — v.r. 

be mixed, be thinned, etc.; (of lime) slake; 

(of steel) anneal, soften. 
détrempeur, m. {Steel) annealer. 
détresse, /. distress. 
détrlchage, m. sorting (of wool). 
détrlctaer, v. t. sort (wool). 
détriment, m. detriment. 
détriplement, m. division into three parts. 
détrlplw, v.t. A r. divide into three parts. 
détrltage, m. crushing (esp. of olives). 
détrlter, v.t. crush (esp. olives). 
detrition, /. detrition. 
détritique, a. (Geol.) detrital. 
détritolr, m. crushing mill (esp. for olives). 
détritus, m. detritus, débris. 
détroit, m. strait; pass, defile. 
détrôner, v.t. dethrone. 
détruire, v.t. destroy. 
détruisant, p.a. destroying. 
dette, /. debt. 
deull, m. mourning. 
deutane, m. ethane. 
deutazotate, m. {Old Chem.) deutonitrate. 

— de mercure liquide, {Pharm.) solution of 
mercuric nitrate. 

deutéropiotéose, /. deuteroproteose. 

deutlodure, m. {Old Chem,) deutiodide. 

deuto-, deut-. {Old Chem.) deuto-, deut-. 
(It properly designated the second in a 
series but was sometimes used in the same 
way as bi- or di-.) 

deutocarboné, a. {Old Chem.) bicarburetted. 

deutoehlorure, m. {Old Chem.) deutochlorido. 

— de mercure, mercuric chloride. 
deuto-lodure, m. deutoiodide, deutiodide. 

— de mercure, mercuric iodide. 
deutosulftue, m. {Old Chem.) deutosulfide. 
deutoxyde, m. {Old Chem.) deutoxide. 

— de mercure, mercuric oxide. 

— de plomb, minium, red lead. 
deutylène, m. ethylene. 

deux, a. two; second; a few. — m. two; second. 

— fois, twice. 
deuxième, a. second. — m. second story. 
— jet, {jSugar) second spinning (see sucre de 

deuxième jet, under sucre). 

— titre, (for gold) a standard of 0.840 fine 
(about 20 carats). 

deuxièmement, adv. secondly. 

deux-points, m. colon (:). 

devait, imp. S sing, of devoir. 

dévaler, v.t. lower, let down; descend. — v.r. 
go down, come down. 

devancer, v.t. precede; outstrip, outdo, sur- 
pass; anticipate, forestall. 

devancier, m. predecessor. 

devant, prep. & adv. before. — m. front, fore 
part; prow (of a boat). — of devoir. 

— que, before. 

— que de, before. 
dévaster, v.t. devastate. 
développable, a. developable. 
développateur, m. (esp. Photog.) developer. 
développement, m. development, etc. (see 

développer, v.t. develop; unwrap, undo, uncoil, 

unfold. — v.r. develop; be imwrapped; 

développeur, m. (esp. Dyeing) developer. 
devenir, v.i. become, grow, get. 
devenu, p.p. of devenir. 
déverdir, v.i. lose green color. 
déverdissage, m. loss of green color. 
dévernir, v.t. remove the varnish from. — v.r. 

lose the varnish. 
dévemlssage, m. removal or loss of varnish. 
devers, a. leaning. — m. inclination; taper, 

batter; warping. 
par — , before, near, toward. 
déversement, m. pouring, etc. (see déverser), 
déverser, v.t. pour; incline, lean; warp. — v.r.' 

flow, run; warp. — v.i. flow, run over, 

pour; incline, lean. 
déversoir, m. overflow, spillway; overfall. 
dévlateur, a. causing deviation, deflecting. 
déviation, /. deviation. 

uigiiizea Dy 





déflder, v.t. wind, reel; unwind. 
deilendra, fut. 3 aing. of devenir. 
deileiinent, pr. 3 pi. indic. <& aubj. of devenir. 
défient, pr. 3 aing. of devenir. 
défier, v.t. & r. deviate. — v.t. deflect. 
deviner, v.t. <& i. divine. 
devint, p.def. S aing. of devenir. 
devis, m. estimate. 

— approximatifs rough estimate. 

— estimatifs estimate. 

défissage, dévlssement, m. unscrewing. 

dévisser, t.t. unscrew. 

dévltrlflable, a. devitrifiable. 

devitrification, /. devitrification. 

défitrlfler, v.t. devitrify. — r.r. become devit- 

dévotement, m. inclination, leaning; diarrhea. 

dévoiler, v.t. unveil; reveal, disclose. 

devoir, v.t. owe; should, ought; must, be 
obliged. — m. duty; association of work- 

dévorer, v.t. devour. 

dévotion, /. devotion. 

dévoué, p.a. devoted. 

dévouer, v.t. devote. 

dévoyer, v.t. turn aside; slope, incline; purge. 

devn, fid. S sing, of devoir. 

devrai^ cond. S sing, of devoir. 

dextérité, /. dexterity, skill. 

dextrement, adv. skillfuUy. 

dextrine, /. dextrin. 

dextrlner, v.t. dextrinate, treat or coat with 

dextrlnlque, a. dextrinous, per^ining to dex- 

dextrogyre, a. dextrorotatory, dextrogyrate. 

dextroraoémlque, a. dextrotartaric. (/-tartaric. 

dextrorsum, a. & ado. clockwise, from left to 
right, {Bot.) dextrorse. 

dextrose, /. dextrose. 

dg., ahbrev. (decigramme) decigram. 

diabase, /. {Petrog.) diabase. 

diabète, m. (Med.) diabetes. 

diabétique, a., m. & f. (Med.) diabetic. 

dlabétomètre, m. diabetometer. 

diable, m. devil; specif., a machine for tearing 
rags, for kneading rubber or for opening 
wool; a barrow or truck, as one for taking 
glass pots to the furnace. 
à la — , badly, wretchedly. 

dlacathollcon, m. {Old Pharm.) diacatholicon. 

dlacaustlque, a. A m. diacaustic 

dlaeétate, m. diacetate. 

dlaeétylénlque, a. diacetylenic, containing two 
triple bonds. 

diachylon, diachylum, m. (Pharm.) diachy- 
lon, diachylum. 

diaoode, m. (Pharm.) diacodion, diacodium. 

diagnose, /. diagnosis. 

dlagnostlqae, a. diagnostic. 

diagnostiquer, v.t. diagnose, diagnoeiticate. 
dlagomètre, m. diagometer. 
dlagoméMe, /. diagometry. 
dlagoméMque, a. diagometric. 
dli^^nal, a. diagonal. 
diagonale, /. diagonal. 

en — , diagonally. 
dlagonalement, adv. diagonally. 
dU^^mme, /. diagram. 
dlagrède, m. (Old Pharm.) diagrydium. 
dialcool, m. dialcohol, diacid alcohol. 
dlaldéhyde, m. dialdehyde. 
dlallage, m. (Min.) diallage. 
dlallaglque, a. (Min.) diallagic. 
dlallyle, m. biallyl, diallyl, 1,5-hexadiene. 
dlalysable, a. dialyzable. 
dialyse, /. dialysis. 
dialyser, v.t. & i. dialyze. 
dlalyseur, m. dialyzer. — o. dialyzing. 
dlalytlque, a. dialytic. 
dlamagnétlque, a. diamagnetic. 
dlamagnétlsme, m. diamagnetism. 
dlamagnétomètre, m. diamagnetometer. 
diamant, m. diamond. 

— à rabot, glazier's diamond. 

— bnUt rough diamond. 

— brut de Ceylan, zircon, used as a gem. 

— de vitrier, glazier's diamond. 

— taiUé, cut diamond. 

diamantaire, a. diamond, briUiant. — m. 
diamond cutter. 

diamante, a. ghttering, glistening, sparkling. 

dlamantifte^, a. diamantiferous. 

diamantln, a. diamantine. 

diamantine, /. diamantine (a polishing pow- 

diamétral, a. diametral, diametric(al). 

diamétralement, adv. diametrically. 

diamètre, m. diameter. 

— extérieur, outside diameter. 

— intérieur, inside diameter. 
diamine, a. diaminated, diamino. 
diamino-adde, m. diamino acid. 
dlamyllque, a. diamyl. 

IHane, /. (Old Chem.) Diana, silver. 

diaphane, a. diaphanous, translucent, trans- 

diaphanélté, /. diaphaneity, transluoency, 

dlaphorèse, /. diaphoresis. 

dlaphorétique, a. & m. diaphoretic. 

diaphragme, m. diaphragm. 

diaphragmé, a. having a diaphragm. 

dlargentlque, a. disilver. 

diarrhée, /. (Med.) diarrhea. 

dlaspore, m. (Min.) diaspore. 

diastase, /. diastase; (in general) enz3rme. 

diastaslque, a. diastatic, diastasic; enzymio. 

dlathermane, a. diathermic, diathermanous. 

diathermanélté, /. diathermaneity. 

uigiiizea Dy \.jkj 





diathcrmaiule» /. diathermanoy. 

diatomée, /. {Bot.) diatom. 

dlatomlcltë, /. diatomicity. 

dlatomlqae, a. diatomic. 

diaistinlde» /. diazoimine, diasoimide. 

dlailne» /. diazine. 

dlaao, m, diaio compound. 

diaioacétfqiie, a. diasoacetic. 

diaiobemène* dlaiobeniol, m. diasobenaene. 

diaxocomposé, m. diazo compound. 

dlaio-dérlvé, m. diazo derivative. 

dlaao-lmlde» a. diazoimino, diazoimido. 

dlaaoique, a. diazo. — m. diazo compound. 

diaiométhane» m. diazomethane. 

diaionaphtalène, m. diazonaphthalene. 

diaiophénol» m. diazophenol. 

diaiotable» a. diazotizable. 

dlaiotantf p.a. diazotizing. 

dlazotatloii, /. diazotization. 

dlazoter, v.t. diazotize. 

dlasoture, m. dinitride. 

dlbensjrle, m. bibenzyl, dibenzyl. 

dlcaldqae, a. dicalcium, dicaldc. 

dlcarbonlque, a. {Org. Chem.) dicarboxylio. 

dlcarbonylë, a. containing two carbonyl 
groups, dicarbonyl. 

dicétone» /. diketone. 

dleétonlque, a. diketo, diketonic. 

dlchloré, a. dichloro. 

dlchroé» a. having two colora, bicolor, dichro- 

dlcbrolde, a. dichroio. 

dlchrolsme, m. dichroism. 

dichrolte, m. (Min.) dichroite (iolite). 

dlchromatlque, a. dichromatic. 

dlootylédone, dlcotylédoné, a. dicotyle- 

dicrésyle, m. bicresyl, dicresyl (when used of 
the compound CH,C6H4CeH4CHa it is bet- 
ter translated bitolyl). 

dlctame» m. (Bot.) dittany, specif, the frazin- 
ella (Dictammu albus). 

— de Crête, Cretan dittany (Amaracus dic- 

dicter, v.t. at i. dictate. 
dlcttonnalre, m. dictionary. 

— de chimie, dictionary of chemistry. 
dMyme, m. didymium. 

dièdre» a. dihedral. — m. dihedron. 
diélectrique, a. <t m. dielectric. 
dlélectrolyse, /. {Med.) dielectrolysis. 
diète, /. diet. 

— Iodée t milk diet. 

diététiqae, a. dietetic (al). — /. dietetics. 
dlététlqnemeiit, adv. dietetically. 
dléthyK, a. diethylated. diethyl. 
dléthylénlque, a. diethylenic, diethylene. 
dléthyllque, a. diethyl. 
dleu, m. god; {cap.) God. 
dlferreux, a. diferrous. 

dllléré, p.a. deferred, delayed, postponed. 
dlflëremment, adv. differently. 
dlllërence, /. difference. 

à la — cte, differently from, contrary to. 

— finie, fundamental difference. 
dlilérenclatloii, /. differentiation. 
dlflërender, v.t. differentiate, distinguiah. 

— V.T. be differentiated, differ. 

dlllérend, m. difference, dispute. 

dlllérent, a. different. 

dlfffirentiatioii» /. differentiation. 

dlllérentlel» a. differential. 

dIJIérentlelle, /. differential. 

dllRffentier, t.t. differentiate. 

dUlérer, v.t. defer, delay, postpone. — v.r. be 
deferred, be put off. — v.i. differ; delay. 

difficile, a. difScult. — m. difiiculty. 

difficilement, adv. difScultly, with difiiculty. 

difficulté, /. difficulty; difference, dilute. 
sane — , without difficulty, readily; undoubt- 
edly; willingly. 

difforme, a. deformed. 

dllfracter, v.t. diffract. 

dllfractlf, a. diffractive. 

dUhactlon, /. diffraction. 

diffus, a. diffuse. 

dlfltaser, v.t. diffuse. 

dlfltaseur, m. diffuser. 

dllhislbUlté, /. diffusibiUty. 

dlUnslble, a. diffusible. 

dllftaslf, a. diffusive. 

dlfltaslon, /. diffusion. 

dU(érable, a. digestible. 

digérer, v.t. <& i. digest. — v.r. be digested. 

dlgesté, m. a product obtained by digestion 
with some solvent. 

digesteur, m. digester. — a. digestive. 

— continu, continuous digester, siphon ex- 

dlgestlbUlté, /. digestibiUty. 

digestible, a. digestible. 

digestif, a. <& tn. digestive. 

digestion, /. digestion. 

digitale, /. {Bot. & Pharm.) digitalis, foxglove. 

— d'Espagne, Digitalis thapsi. 

— officinale, — pourprée, common or official 
foxglove {Digitalis purpurea), 

digitaline, /. digitalin. 

dlgltoilne, /. digitoxin. 

digne, a. worthy; dignified. 

dignement, adv. worthily, deservedly, suit- 

dignité, /. dignity. 

digresser, v.i. digress. 

digression, /. digression. 

digue, /. dam, dike; obstacle, barrier. 

diguer, v.t. dam, dike. 

dlhalogéné, a. dihalogenated, dihalo, dihalo-. 

dlhezahedre, a. {Min.) dihexahedral. — m. 

uigitized by 





dlhydrate, m. dihydrate. 

— de térébenthène, terpinol hydrate, terpin 

dUiydlobenzène, m. dihydrobenzene, cyclo- 

dlhydroséné, a. dihydrogenated, dihydro. 
dlhydioiésorclne, /. dihydroresorcinol. 
dlhydmre, m. dihydride. 
dilodé» a. diiodo. 
dllodhydrate, m. dihydriodide. 
dUoimals» a. of or pertaining to Dijon, a city 

of Burgundy. 
dlka, m. (Bot.) dika. 
dllaoémteur, a. (Expl.) rending, shattering, 

dllmcérer, v.t. rend, tear, tear up. 
dilatabilité, /. expansibility; dilatability. 
dilatable, a. expansible; dilatable. 
dilatant, p.a. expanding; dilating, distending. 

— m. (Med.) dilator. 
dilatation, /. expansion; dilation. 
dilater, v.t. <& r. expand; dilate, distend. 
dilation, /. delay, postponement. 
dilemme, m. dilemma. 
diligence, /. diligence; promptness, despatch. 
diligent, a. diligent; prompt. 
dlligenter, v.t. press, push. — v.i. & r. hasten. 
dilué, p.a. diluted, dilute. 
diluer, v.t. dilute. — v.r. be diluted. 
dlluteur, a. diluting, diluent. 
dilution, /. dilution. 
diluvial, diluflen, a. diluvial, diluvian. 
diluflum, m. {Geol.) diluvium. 
dimanche, m. Sunday. 
dime,/, tithe, tenth; dime (the coin). 
dimension, /. dimension. 
dimenslonner, v.t. proportion. 
dlmercure-ammonium, m. dimercurammo- 

nium; specif, dimercuriammonium (HgsN). 
dlmère, m. dimer. 
dlméthylarslnique, a. dimethylarsinic (caco- 

dlméthylbenzène, m. dimethylbenzene, xy- 
diméthylcétone, /. dimethyl ketone (methyl 

ketone, acetone). 
dlméthylé, a. dimethylated, dimethyl. 
dlméthyllque, a. dimethyl. 
diminuer, v.t. <& i. diminish. 
diminution, /. diminution. 
dimorphe, a. dimorphous, dimorphic. 
dimorphlsme, m., dimorphle,/. dimorphism. 
dinanderle, /. a kind of brassware formerly 

made in Belgium and elsewhere. 
dinaphtyle, m. binaphthyl,'dinaphthyl. 
dindon, m. turkey. 
diner, m. dinner. — v.i. dine. 
dlnitré, a. dinitro. 
dlnltrosé, a. dinitroso. 
dlnltrosorésorclne, /. dinitrosoresorcinol. 

dioctaèdre, a. (Aftn.) dioctahedral. 

dloggot, dlogot, m. (Leather) daggett. 

dionlne, /. (P?iann.) dionin, dionine. 

dioptase, /. (Min.) dioptase. 

dioptrlque, a. dioptric (al). — /. dioptrics. 

diorlte, /. (Petrog.) diorite. 

diorltiqae, a. dioritic. 

dioilndol, m. dioxindole (3-hydroxyoxindole). 

dioxy-. dioxy-; dihydroxy-. (See note under 

dioxybutyrlque, o. dihydroxybutyric. 

dioxypurlne, /. dioxypurine (purinedione). 

dioxyquinone, /. dihydroxyquinone. 

dioxytartiique, a. dihydroxytartaric. 

dipentène, m. dipentene, inactive limonene. 

dipeptide, n. dipeptide. 

diphasé, a. diphasé, diphasic, two-phase. 

diphénol, m. diphenol. 

diphénollque, a. diphenolic. 

diphénylacétylène, m. diphenylacetylene, 

diphényiamine, /. diphenylamine. 

diphénylcarbinol, m. diphenylcarbinol (ben- 

dlphénylcétone, /. diphenyl ketone (phenyl 
ketone, benzophenone). 

diphényle, m. biphenyl, diphenyl. 

dlphénylglyoxal, m. diphenylglyoxal (benzil). 

diphtérie, /. diphtheria. 

diphtérique, dlphtérltique, a. diphtheritic, 

dipicollque, a. dipicolinio. 

diploèdre, m. (Cry at.) diplohedron, diploid. 

dipioédrique, a. (Cryst.) diplohedral. 

dl^omblque, a. diplumbic. 

diplAme, m. diploma. 

diplômé, m. holder of a diploma. 

dipropyllque, a. dipropyl. 

dipyridyle, m. bipyridyl, dipyridyl, bipyri- 

dire, 9.^ say; tell; speak; predict. — r.r. be 
said, be told, be spoken; profess to be. 
— m. saying, say, words, statement, opin- 
c'eet-à — , that is to say, that is. 
comme gui dirait, as one would say, as much 

as to say, the equivalent of. 
en — , reproach (but, ai le ceewr vous en dit, if 
you like it). 

direct, a. direct. 

directement, adv. directly. 

directeur, m. director, manager, superintend- 
ent. — o. directing; (fig.) guiding. 

directif, a. directive. 

direction,/, direction; management, adminis- 
tration; branch, department (of adminis- 
tration) ; directorship, managership, super- 
intendency; steering gear. 

directrice, /. directrix. — /. & a,, fern, of 

Digitized by 





dirent, s pi. of dire. 

dlrlsMible» a. A m. dirigible. 

diriger, v.t. direct; manage, conduct. 

dis, pr. A p.def. 1 & £ sing, of dire (to say). 

dlsaccharlde, n. diaacoharide. 

disant, of dire. 

dlsasolque, a. disaao. — m. disaso compound. 

disbroder, t.t. waah (silk) after dyeing. 

discernable, a. discernible. 

discerner, t.i. discern. — v.t, be discerned. 

discoïde, discoldal, a. discoid, discoidal. 

discoloré, a. discolor, bicolor, bicolored. 

discontinu, a. discontinuous; (£iec.) intermit- 

discontinuation, /. discontinuance, discontin- 

discontinuer, 1. 1. A i. discontinue. — «.r. be 

discontinuité, /. discontinuity. 

dlscouTcnance, /. disproportion, incongruity. 

dlscouTcnlr, v.t. be unsuitable; deny. 

discordance, /. discordance. 

discordant, a. discordant. 

discorder, v.t. be discordant. 

discourir, v.t. discourse; talk. 

discours, m. discourse, speech. 

discrédit, m. discredit. 

discret, a. discreet. 

discrétion, /. discretion. 
à — t at discretion, at will. 

discussion, /. discussion. 

discutable, a. debatable, questionable. 

discuter, v.t. discuss. — v.r. be discussed. 

disent, pr. 3 111. indie. A suJbj. of dire. 

disert, a. fluent (of speech), eloquent. 

disette, /. dearth. 

dlsgradeux, a. awkward; ungracious. 

disjoignant, p.p. of disjoindre. 

disjoindre, v.t. disjoin, separate. — v.r. be 
disjoined, become separated, come apart. 

disjoint, p.a. disjoined, separated, disjunct. 

di^loncteur, m. disjunctor; specif., (Elec.) cir- 
cuit breaker, cut-out. 

disjonction, /. separation, disjunction. 

dislocation, /. dislocation; dismemberment. 

disloquer, v.t. dislocate; disjoint, dismember. 

dlsodé, a. (Org. Chem.) containing two atoms of 
sodium, disodium, disodio-. 

disodlque, a. disodium. 

disomose, /. (Aftn.) gersdorffite, nickel glance. 

disparaissant, p.a. disappearing; transient, 

disparaître, v.t. disappear. 

disparité, /. disparity. 

disparition, /. disappearance. 

disparu, p.p. of disparaître. — a. missing, 

dispendieux, a. expensive, costly. 

dispensable, a. dispensable. 

dispensaire, m. dispensary. 

dispenser, v,t. dispense; diffuse (light); ex- 
cuse, exempt, dispense with. — v.r. be 
diiapensed; dispense (with). 

dispenseur, m. (Optica) diffuser. 

disperser, v.t. disperse. — v.r. be dispersed; 

dlsperslf, a. dispersive. 

dispersion, /. dLspersion. 

disponibilité, /. availability, disposability. 

disponible, a. available, disposable. 

dispos, a. active, lively, sprightly. 

disposé, p.a. disposed. 

■dispose, v.t. dispose; arrange; place in posi* 
tion. — v.t. dispose (of). — v.r. be dis- 
posed or arranged; prepare. 

dispositif, m. arrangement (as of apparatus); 
device ; disposition ; (of a law) enacting part. 

disposition, /. disposition; arrangement. 

disproportionné, p.a. disproportioaate. 

disproportionnel, a. disproportional. 

disproportlonellenient, adv. disproportion- 

disproportlonnément, adv. disproportion- 

disproportionner, v.t. disproportion. 

dispute, /. dispute; disputation. 

disputer, v.t. dispute; contend. — v.t. dis- 
pute; contend with. 

disque, m. disk, disc. 

disruptlf, a. disruptive. 

dissécable, a. dissectible. 

dissection, /. dissection. 

dissemblable, a. dissimilar, unlike. 

dissemblablement, adv. dissimilarly. 

dissemblance, /. dissimilarity, unlikeneas. 

dissemblant, p.a. dissimilar, unlike. 

dlssémlnateur, a. disseminating. 

dissémination, /. dissemination. 

disséminer, v.t. disseminate. 

dissentir, v.t. dissent. 

disséquer, v.t. dissect. 

dissertation, /. dissertation. 

dissimllarité, /. dissimilarity. 

dissipation, /. dissipation. 

dissiper, v.f. dissipate; divert. — v.r. dissi- 
pate, be dissipated. 

dissoeiabllité, /. dissociability. 

dissociable, a. dissociable. 

dissociation, /. dissociation. 

dissocier, v.t. A r. dissociate. 

dissolublllté, /. dissolvability, dissolvableness; 

dissoluble, a. dissolvable; dissoluble. 

dissoluté, m. solution. 

dissolutif, a. dissolvent, solvent. 

dissolution, /. solution; specif., a solution of 
caoutchouc used as a cement; dissolution. 

dissolvant, a. dissolving, dissolvent, solvent. 
— m. solvent, Qess commonly) dissolvent. 

dissolvent, pr. 5 pi. indie. A Bubj. of dissoudre. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





dlnoadre» v.t. dissolve. — v,r. dissolve; be 

dissous» p.a. dissolved. 
dissout» pr. S aing. of dissoudre. 
dissoute» a. fem. of dissous. 
dissymétrique» a. asymmetric (al), unsymmet- 

rioal, Gess commonly) dissymetrical. 
distance, /. distance. 

— explùaive, (Expî.) striking distance, radius 
of effect. 

dlstanheiéthyle, m. hezaethyldistannane, 

distannique, a. distannio. 
distant, a. distant. 
distendre, v.t. <t r. distend. 
distendu, p.a. distended. 
distension, /. distention. 
distliène, m. (Min.) disthene (cyanite). 
dlstUlalile, a. diatâllable. 
distillateur, m. distiller. 
dlstUlateur-Ilquoriste, m. liqueur maker. 
distillateur-parfumeur, m. perfume distiller. 
distillation, /. distillation. 

— frcuHonnée, fractional distillation. 

— 8èche, dry distillation. 
distUlatolre, a. distilling, distillatory. 
dlstlllatum, m. distillate. 
distiller, v.t, i. & r. distill. 
distillerie, /. distillery; distilling. 
distinct, a. distinct. 
distinctement, adv. distinctly. 
distlnctif, a. distinctive. 
distinction, /. distinction. 
distlnctivement, adv. distinctively. 
distingué, p.a. distinguished. 
distinguer, v.t. <& i. distinguish. — v.r. be dis- 
tinguished; distinguish oneself. 

distordre, v.t. distort. 

distordu, distors, a. distorted. 

distorsion, /. distortion. 

distraite, v.t. distract: divert. 

distrayant, of distraire. 

distribuer, v.t. distribute. — v.r. be distrib- 
uted; (of liquids, etc.) flow. 

distributeur, m. distributor, distributer; car- 
rier; (of steam) regulator. — a. distrib- 
uting; supply, feed. 

distributif, a. distributive. 

distribution, /. distribution; delivery, issue; 
valve gear (for steam). 

distributlvement, adv. distributively. 

disulfoconjugué, a. disulfonated, disulfo. 

dlsulfoné, a. disulfonated, disulfo. 

disuifoncr, v.t. disulfonate. 

dit, pr. 5 sing., p.def. S sing. & p.p. of dire (to 
say). — p.a. said; told; spoken; called. 

ditartrique, a. ditartaric. 

ditérébénique, a. diterpene. 

dltertialre, a. ditertiary. 

ditliioniqne, a. dithionio. 

dltliymol biiodé. {Pharm.) dithymordiiodide, 

thymol iodide. 
dito» adv. ditto. 
diurèse, /. {Med.) diuresis. 
diurétique, a. & m. (Med.) diuretic. 
diurne, a. diurnal, daily. 
divaguer, v.t. wander, ramble. 
divalent, a. bivalent, divalent. 
dlveUent, a. divellent, drawing asunder (Obs.), 
divergence, /. divergence, divergency. 
divergent, p.a. diverging, divergent. 
divCTger, v.t. divOTge. 
divers, a. various, different, diverse. 
diversement, adv. variously, differently, di- 

diversifler, v.t. diversify. 
diversion, /. diversion. 
diversité, /. diversity; variety. 
divertir, v.t. divert. — v.r. be diverted. 
dividende, m. dividend. 
dlridlri, m. divi-divi (Cœsalpinia species). 
divisé, p. a. divided; finely divided, powdered. 
dlvisément, adv. dividedly, separately. 
diviser, v.t. divide; specif., divide finely, pow- 
der. — v.r. divide, be divided. 
diviseur, m. divider; (Math.) divisor; (McKh,) 

dividing plate. — a. dividing. 
divisiblUté, /. divisibiUty. 
divisible, a. divisible. 
division, /. division. 
divisionnaire, a. divisional, divisionary. 
dix, a. éb m. ten; tenth. 
dix-huit, a. A m. eighteen; eighteenth. 

in — , eighteenmo, 18-mo. 
dix-huitième, a. A m. eighteenth. 
dixième, a. <t m. tenth. 

au — , (of solutions) ten per cent. 
dix-neuf, a. <t m. nineteen; nineteenth. 
dix-neurième, a. & m. nineteenth. 
dlx-sept, a. A m. seventeen; seventeenth. 
dix-septième, a. & m. seventeenth. 
dixylyle, m. bixylyl, dixylyl. 
dizaine, /. ten, a total of ten or about ten. 

une — de, ten, about ten. 

une — d'années, a decade. 
dl., abbrev. (décilitre) deciliter (s). 
dm., abbrev. (décimètre) decimeter(s). 
dmO, dm>, abbrev. (décimètre carré) square 

doclmasie, /. docimasy; specif., assaying. 
docimasiste, m. assayer. 
doclmastique, a. docimastio(al) ; specif., per- 
taining to assajdng. 
docte, a. learned. — m. learned man. 
docteur, m. doctor. 

doctorat, m. doctorate, degree of doctor. 
document, m. document. 
documentaire, a. documentary. 
documenter, v.t. document, base on documeki- 
tary evidence, support by citations. 

uigitizea Dy vjv^v./' 





dodécaèdre, m. (Cryst.) dodecahedron. 

— rhomboidàl, rhombic dodecahedron. 
dodécaédrlque, a. dodecahedral. 
doigt» m. «finger; toe; (Astron.) digit. 

à deux doigts de, within an ace of, within a 
hair's breadth of. 

— annulaire, ring finger. 

— auriculaire, little finger. 

— du milieu, middle finger. 

— indicateur, index finger, forefinger. 

— majeur, middle finger. 
petit — , little finger. 

doigtler, m. finger stall, finger cot; (Bot.) 
common foxglove (DigitcUia purpurea) . 

— de caoutcfumc, rubber finger stall. 
dolsil, m. spigot hole; spigot. 

doit, pr. 3 sing, of devoir. — m. debtor, Dr., 
debit side. 

doive, pr. 3 sing. subj. of devoir; should, ought. 

doivent, pr. 3 pi. indie. A subj. of devoir. 

dolage, m. smoothing, etc. (see doler). 

doler, v.t. smooth (by cutting), shave; buff, 
shck (leather, etc.) ; dress (wood) with an 

dolérlte, /. (Petrog.) dolerite. 

dolérltlque, a. (Petrog.) doleritic. 

dolomle, dolomite, /. (Min.) dolomite. 

dolomitique, a. dolomitic. 

domaine, m. domain; property; power. 

dôme, m. dome. 

domestique, a. domestic. 

dominant, a. dominant. 

dominer, v.t. dominate; be above, overlook. 
— v.i. dominate, rule, predominate; rise 

dommage, m. damage. 
c'est — , it is a pity. 

dommageable, a. detrimental, injurious. 

dompte-venln, m. (Bat.) swallowwort, white 
swallowwort (Cynanchum vincetoxicum) . 

don, m. gift. 

done, amj. therefore, then, so, now. 

donnée, /. datum, known quantity; informa- 
tion; idea. — pi. données, data. 

donner, v. t. give; attribute, ascribe, assign, 
fix; apply; bid. — ».r. be given; give one- 
self up; buy oneself; have; be published; 
be fought. — v.i. give; yield, bear; hit, 
strike; run; fall; fight. 

— à la grille, clean or rake the grate. 

— du cOne, taper. 

— du froid, {Metal.) slacken the fire. 

— du résidu, leave a residue. 

— la chaude à, {Metal.) heat (esp. to redness). 

— la pression, apply pressure, turn on pressure. 

— le verU, turn on the blast, blow. 

— naissance à, give rise to, produce. 

— suTt open upon, overlook; censure. 

— vent d, admit air to; give vent to. 
donneur, m. giver, donor; guarantor. 

dont, pron. of whom, of which, whose, whereof; 
from whom, from which; with whom, with 
which, etc. (see de). 

dorage, m. gilding. 

doré, p.a. gilded, gilt (specif., gold-plated, as 
weights); golden. — m. gilding. 

dorénavant, adv. henceforth, hereafter, in the 

dorer, v.t. gild. — v.r. be gilded, become golden. 

doreur, m. gilder. 

dormant, a. fixed, standing, fast, dead; dor- 
mant, sleeping; (of water) stagnant. — m. 
sleeper; post; (fixed) frame. 

dormir, v.i. sleep; (of water) be still, be stag- 
nant; (of fire) smolder. 

dormit, p.def. S sing, of dormir. 

dormltif, a. db m. {Med.) dormitive, soporific. 

dort, pr. S sing, of dormir. 

dorure, /. gilding. 

— à mordant, pigment gilding. 

— au feu, hot gilding, dry gilding. 

— au mercure, — au sauté, amalgam gilding. 

— au trempé, wet gilding. 

— électrochimique, electrogilding. 

— galvanique, electrogilding, electroplating 
with gold. 

— par immersion, wet gilding. 
dos, m. back; ridge. 

dosable, a. determinable; in proper propor- 

dosage, m. determination; preparation, mix- 
ture (using the proper proportions); pro- 
portion, proportions (of ingredients in a 
mixtiure); {Wine) dosage, liqueuring; 
. {Med.) dosage. 
au — , properly proportioned or constituted. 

dose, /. proportion, amount; dose. 

doser, v.t. determine; prepare, mix or propor^ 
tion properly; fill or furnish with a meas- 
ured quantity; {Wine) dose, liqueur; 
{Med.) dose. — v.r. be determined, etc. 

doseur, m. determiner; preparer; regulator; 
doser (of wine or medicine). — a. {Med.) 

doslmétrie, /. {Med.) dosimetry. 

doslmétiique, a. dosimetric. 

dossier, m. file, papers; back (as of a chair). 

doter, v.t. endow. 

douane, /. custom, duty; customhouse. 

douanier, m. customhouse officer. — a. of 
customs, custom. 

douara, n. pearl millet {Pennisetum typhoideum), 

doublage, m. doubling, etc. (see doubler). 

double, a. double; duplicate. — m. double; 
duplicate; copy; thickness (as of paper). 
— adv. double. 
à — effect, double-effect, double-aoting. 
à — fond, double-bottomed. 
à — voie, double-way. 

— liaison, double bond. 

y Google 




donbK» p. a. doubled, etc. (see doubler). — m. 

plated ware, plate. 
double-fond, m. double bottom. 
doublement, m. doubling, etc. (see doubler). 

— adv. doubly. 
double-pesée, /. double weighing, 
doubler, v.^ double; fold; line, sheath; (Olass) 

flash, coat with a film of colored glass. 

— v.r. be doubled, etc. — v.i. double. 
doublet, m. doublet. 

doubleur, m. doubler, etc. (see doubler) ; maker 
of plated ware; (Sugar) part of a cane mill; 
(in a rolling mill) passer, catcher. 

dOUbller, m. (Calico) doubler (thick cloth be- 
neath the fabric and the coursier). 

doublure, /. lining; scaling, scale (as a defect 
in metals); incomplete welding or solder- 

doucft<3^> a. sweetish. 

douce, a. fern, of doux. 

douce-ttmère, /. bittersweet (Sdanum dulca- 

douceâtre, a. sweetish. 

doucement, adv. sweetly, softly, etc. (see 

doucereux, a. sweetish, insipidly sweet. — m. 
sweetishness, insipidity. 

doucette, /. an inferior quality of soda ash; 
(Soap) a solution of potassium carbonate; 
(Bot.) com salad (Valertanella). 

douceur,/, sweetness, softness, etc. (see doux). 
en — , gently, mildly; by degrees. 

douche, /. douche. 

doud, m. grinding (as of glass or a gem). 

— p.p. of doucir. 

doudr, v.t. grind, smooth by grinding (as glass). 

doudssage, m. fine grinding, grinding smooth. 

doué, p.a. endowed (with), possessed (of). 

douer, v.t. endow. 

douille,/, socket; stem (of a funnel); neck (of 
a bell jar with top opening); sleeve; eye; 
(Mach.) box, bushing, bush; case. 

douillet, a. soft, tender, delicate. 

doulllon, m. wool of inferior quality. 

douleur, m. pain. 

douloureusement, adv. painfully. 

douloureux, a. painful; sore; sorrowful. 

dourlne, /. (Med.) dourine (disease of horses). 

dousll, m. spigot hole; spigot. 

doute, m. doubt. 

hors de — , beyond doubt, undoubtedly. 
earu — , without doubt, undoubtedly, no 
doubt, probably. 

douter, v.i. doubt. — v.r. suspect, have a sus- 
— de, doubt, distrust. 

douteusement, adv. doubtfully. 

douteux, a. doubtful. 

douve,/, stave; ditch; fluke, fluke worm; (£of.) 
^>earwort (Ranunculus species). 

Douvres, n. Dover. 

doux, a. sweet; soft; gentle; mild; smooth; 

easy; (of wine, etc.) unfermented; (of 

water) fresh; (of steel, etc.) mild. — adv. 

sweetly, softly, gently, etc. — m. sweet, 

soft, gentle, etc. 
douzaine, /. dozen. 
douze, a. A m. twelve; twelfth. 
douzième, a. & m. twelfth. 
douzll, m. spigot hole; spigot. 
doyen, m. dean; elder, senior. 
D', abbrev. (Docteur) Doctor, Dr. 
drachme, /. dram (the weight) ; drachma. 
dragage, m. dredging; dragging. 
drage, /. brewer's grains. 
dragée, /. bonbon; sugarplum; small shot. 

— pharmaceutique, pharmaceutical losenge. 
drageoire, /. groove. 
dragon, m. dragon; spot in a diamond; 

dragonnler, m. dragon tree (Draccena draco). 
drague, /. dredge, dredger; drag; brewer's 

draguer, v.t. dredge; drag. 
dragueur, m. dredger. 
drain, m. drain; drain tile. 
drainage, m. drainage, draining. 
drap, m. cloth; sheet (for a bed). 

"- maléfique s malfil. 
drapant, m. (Paper) pressing board. 
drapeau, m. flag. 
draper, v.t. make (a fabric) into finished cloth 

by fulling, dressing, etc.; drape; censure. 
draperie, /. cloth manufacture; drapery, cloth 

(esp. woolen stuffs) ; drapery, cloth selling. 
drapier, m. draper, cloth seller. — a. cloth. 
drastique, a. drastic. — m. (Med.) drastic, 

strong purgative. 
drayage, m. (Leather) shaving, bufling. 
drayer, v.t. (Leather) shave, buff (with a knife 

or emery wheel to equalize the thickness). 
drayoire, /. shaving knife, currier's knife. 
drayure, /. shaving (of hide). 
drèche, /. (often pi., drèches) spent wash, 

slops, the residue left after distilling starchy 

materials (as grain, potatoes; cf. vinasse); 

spent malt, brewer's grains; Qesa often) 

Dresde, m. Dresden. 
dressage, m. dressing, etc. (see dresser). 
dressé, p.a. dressed, etc. (see dresser). 
dressement, m. dressing, etc. (see dresser). 
dresser, v.t. dress; straighten, level, smooth; 

set, set up, arrange; erect, raise; train; 

draw up. 
dressoir, m. something for dressing or straight- 
ening or leveling, dresser, straightening rod, 

etc. ; table, sideboard, dresser. 
drille, /. drill, bit, borer; (Paper) rag. 
drogue, /. drug. 

uigitized by 





droguer» v.t. drug. 

drogaerie, /. drugs; drug trade; drug shop. 

droguiste» m. A f. druggist, dealer in drugs. 

— a. drug, dealing in drugs. 

droit» m. right; law; duty, toll; fee. — a. 
right; straight; upright; (prg. Chem.) 
right-handed, diextro. — adv, right; up- 
right, perpendicularly. 

à bon — , with good reason, justly. 

de — , rightful; rightfully. 

— de doiMne, customs duty. 

— d*entrée, import duty. 

— protecteur^ protective duty, protective 

droite» /. right line, straight line; right hand, 

droltement» adv. rightly, justly, judiciously. 
drftle, a. amusing, funny, droll. 
droiMUi, m. (Pharm.) dropax. 
droussw, v.t. scribble (wool). 
dm» a. thick, crowded; brisk, lively, vigorous. 

— <idv. thickly. 
dmse, /. {Min.) druse. 

da. Contraction of de le, of the, from the, in 

the, some, etc. (see de). 
dft» p.p. A p.a. (from devoir), due, owing, owed, 

ought. — m. due. 
Ha — aller, he has had to go; he must have 

H aurait — savoir, he ought to have known. 
dllAllne» /. dualin (a kind of dynamite). 
dualisme» m. dualism. 
dualiste» a. dualistic — m. dualist. 
dualistlqae» a. dualistic. 
dnbolsine» /. duboisine. 
due, m. duke; owl (of certain kinds). 
duché» m. duchy, dukedom. 
ductile» ductible» a. ductile. 
ductillmètre» m. ductilimeter. 
ductilité, /. ductility. 
dultage» m» weft, woof. 
dulte» /. weft thread, weft yam. 
dulcamarlne» /. dulcamarin. 
dulciflant» p.a. dulcifying. — m. dulcifier. 
duiciflcation, /. (Old Chem.) dulcification. 
duicifler, v,t. (Old Chem.) dulcify (sweeten, free 

from acidity, bitterness, or the like). 
dnlcine, /. dulcin. 
dulcitane, /. dulcitan. 
duicite» /. dulcitol, dulcite. 
dûmenty adv. duly. 
IHmkerqne, n. Dunkirk. 
duplicata» m. duplicate. 
duirilcation, /. duplication. 
doiillclté» /. doubleness; duplicity. 

duqud. Contraction of de lequel, of whom, of 
which, of the which, from whom, from 
which, etc. (see de). 

dur» a. hard; harsh, rough; stiff; hardened, 
inured. — adv. hard; stoutly. — m. hard. 

durabiUté» /. durability, durableness. 

durable» a. durable. 

durablement, adv. durably. 

duralnmlne» /. duralumin. 

durameOf m. (fiot.) duramen, heartwood. 

durant, prep, during. — a. lasting, long. 

— que, during . . . that, while. 
dureir, v.t., i. db r. harden. 

— au feu, fire-harden. 
durdssage, m. hardening. 
durcissant» p.a. hardening. 
durcissement, m. hardening. 
durcisseur» a. hardening. — m. hardener. 
durée, /. duration, time, time interval; life. 
durelln, m. British oak (Quercue robur). 
durement, adv. hardly, hard; harshly. 
dure-mère, /. (Anat.) dura mater. 
durent, pr. 5 p2. indie, db aubj. of durer. — p. 

def. 3 pi. of devoir. 
dur», v.t. last, endure, continue, remain. 
dureté, /. hardness, etc. (see dur) ; callosity. 
durillon, m. callosity; specif., com. 
dus, a. pi. of dû. 
dut, p. def. 5 sing, of devoir. 
duvet, m. down; (of cloth) nap. 
duveteux, duveté, a. downy. 
dyke, m. (Oeol.) dike, dyke. 
dynamagnlte, /. dynamagnite, Hercules pow* 

dyname, dynamic, m. a unit of work, 1000 

dynamique, a. dynamic (al). — /. dynamics. 
dynamitage, m. dynamiting. 
dynamite, /. dynamite. 
dynamiterie, /. dynamite factory. 
dynamiteur, m. dynamite maker; dsmamite 

handler; dynamite. 
dynamltière, /. dynamite magazine. 
dynamo, /. (Elec.) dynamo. 
dynamogène, m. (Expl.) dynamogen. 
dynamophore, a. energy-producing (said of 

foods such as starch, sugar, fata). 
dyne,/. (Physics) dyne. 
dysenterie, /. (Med.) dysentery. 
dyslysine, /. dyslysin. 
dyspnée, /. (Med.) djrspnea, dyspnœa. 
dys^osium, m. dysprosium. 
dyssymétrie, /. dissymmetry, asymmetry. 
dyssymétrlque, o. asymmetrical, unsynmiet- 


Digitized by 



MMI9 /. water; (p2., eaux) dear liquid, filtrate 
(as distinguished from precipitate) ; (often 
p2., eaux) liquor, liquid; aqueous extract; 
gloss; sweat; tears. 
à grande — , with excess of water. 

— à blanchir, whitewash. 

— acidulée, carbonated water, aerated water, 
charged water. 

— africaine — eau d'Egypte. 

— alcaline, alkaline water, alkali water. 

— amidonnée, starch water, water containing 

— ardente, ardent spirit, distilled liquor (esp. 
brandy), eau de vie. 

— à refroidir, cooling water. 

— aromatique, an aromatic distillate made 
from flowers, berries, leaves or the like 
macerated in water. 

— blanche, (Pharm.) lead water, diluted solu- 
tion of lead subacetate; bran mash. 

— bromée, bromine water. 

— calcaire, calcareous water, limewater 
(water containing calcium salts). 

— camphrée, (Pfiarm.) camphor water. 

— céleste, eau céleste (solution of cupric 
ammonium sulfate). 

— {^mentatoire, (Mining) cement water 
(water containing metallic salts). 

— chaude, hot water. 

— chlorée, chlorine water. 
^ claire, clear water. 

— courante, running water. 

— créosotée, (Pharm.) creosote water. 

— crue, hard water. 

— d'alimentation, feed water (as for boilers) ; 
drinking water. 

— d'amandes amères, (Pharm.) bitter almond 

— d'ammoniaque, ammonia water, aqua 

— d'ammoniaque forte, (Pharm.) stronger 
anmionia water, aqua ammoniœ fortior. 

— d'aneth, (Pharm.) dill water. 

— d'ange, angel water (an old perfume). 
■ — d'anis, (Pharm.) anise water. 

— de baryte, baryta water. 

— de brome, bromine water. 

— de carottes, carrot water. 

— de chaux, limewater (solution of calcium 


1 de Chine »> eau d'Egypte. 

— de chlore, chlorine water. 

— de chloroforme, (P?iarm.) chloroform water. 

— de ciel, rain water. 

— de Cologne, cologne, Cologne water, eau de 

— de combinaison, combined water, water of 
constitution or combination (usually ap- 
plied to water not removed by ordinary 
drying at 100-120*). 

— de constitution, water of constitution. 

— de cristallisation, water of crystallization, 
crystal water. 

— de façonnage, (Ceram.) water which evapo- 
rates from the paste on exposure to dry 
air at ordinary temperature. 

— de fenouil, (Pharm.) fennel water. 

— de fUur d'oranger, orange-flower water. 

— de fontaine, well water, spring water. 

— de Ooulard, (Pharm.) Goulard water. 

— d'Egypte, a solution of silver nitrate used 
for turning hair black. 

— de Javel, eau de Javel, Javel water. (The 
spelling Javelle is also used in French and 

— de Labarraque, Labarraque's solution (or 
fluid or liquor), eau de Labarraque. 

— de laitue, water distilled from lettuce, used 
as a mild sedative. 

— de la reine de Hongrie, (Pharm.) Hungary 

— de lavage, wash water. 

— de levure, yeast extract. 

— de Luce, (Old Pharm.) eau de luce (mixture 
of oil of amber, alcohol and ammonia, some- 
times with balm of Gilead added). 

— de malt, malt extract, malt water. 

— de Mendererus = esprit de Mend^erus, 
under esprit. 

— de menthe verte, (Pharm.) spearmint water. 

— de mer, sea water. 

— de mine, mine water. 

— de napfie(?), orange flower water. 

— dentifrice, tooth lotion, liquid dentifrice. 

— de Perse — eau d'Egypte. 

— de piment de la Jamaïque, (Pharm.) pi- 
mento water. 

— de pluie, rain water. 

— de puits, well water. 

— de rase, — de raze, cil of turpentine. 

Digitized by 




Ml de m, arrack (from riœ); rice water. 

— de rose, rose water. 

— de savon, soapsuds. 

— de Seltz, Seltzer water; (in general) car- 
bonated water, aerated water, soda water. 

— de source, spring water. 

— de strontiane, strontia water. 

— de toilette, toilet water. 

— de trempe, (Metal.) hardening water. 

— de tie, — eau-de-vie. 

— de ville, city water, tap water. 

— d'interposition, included water. 

— d'iode, iodine water, an aqueous solution 
of iodine. 

— distillée, distilled water. 

— distHîée de cannelle, (Pharm.) cinnamon 

— distillée de airvi, (Pharm.) caraway water. 

— distHlee de flews d'oranger, {Pharm.) 
orange flower water. 

— distillée de hamamelis, (Pharm.) hamamelis 
water, witchhazel extract. 

— distillée de laurier-cerise, (Pharm.) cherry- 
laurel water. 

— distHlee de menthe poivrée, (Pharm.) pepper- 
mint water. 

— distiliée de rose, (Pharm.) rose water. 

— di^Hlée de sureau, (Pharm.) elder-flower 

— divine de Femd, (Pharm.) yellow mercurial 

— dormante, stagnant water, still water. 

— doiux, fresh (not salt) water; soft water. 

— dure, hard water. 

— ferrée, iron water, chalybeate water; water 
in which red-hot iron has been quenched. 

— ferrugineuse, iron water, chalybeate water. 

— fraîche, fresh (not stale) water; cool water. 

— froide, cold water. 

— gazeuse, water containing dissolved gases; 
specif., carbonated water, charged water, 
aerated water. 

— gazeuse simple, carbonic acid water, 
" plain soda." 

— glacée, ice water. 

— hygrométrique, moisture, hygrométrie 
water (sometimes, specif., water remaining 
in a substance under ordinary dry condi- 
tions but expelled by heating to 120** or 

— incrustante, hard water (producing an in- 
crustation in boilers). 

— magnésienne, (Pharm.) solution of mag- 
nesium carbonate, fluid magnesia. 

— médicinale, (Pharm.) water, medicated 

— mère, mother liquor. 

— minérale, mineral water. 

— oxygénée, hydrogen peroxide, oxygenated 

eau parfumée, scented water, perfumed water. 

— phtigédénique, (Pharm.) yellow mercurial 
lotion, yellow wash. 

— phagédénique noire, (Pharm.) black mer- 
curial lotion, black wash. 

— phéniquée, a dilute aqueous solution of 
phenol, weak carbolic acid. 

— potable, potable water, drinking water. 

— régale, aqua regia, nitrohydrochloric add. 

— rouiUée, water in which red-hot iron has 
been quenched. 

— salée, salt water, specif, an aqueous solu- 
tion of sodium chloride. 

— saline, saline water. 

— saumàlre, brackish water. 

— seconde, weak nitric acid; lye water. 

— sédative de Rcupaû, (Pharm.) sedative 

— séléniteiise, a natural water containing cal- 
cium sulfate. 

— souterraine, underground water. 

— sulfureuse, sulfur water. 

— tellurique, ground water, water which has 
been in contact with the earth as distin- 
guished from meteoric water (rain water, 
snow water). 

— thermale, thermal water, hot-spring water. 

— tombée, rainfall. 

— trouble, turbid water. 

— tt»ée, waste water. 

— végéto-^ninéraU, (Pharm.) Goulard water. 

— vitriolique, (Mining) water containing 
metallic sulfates, esp. copper sulfate. 

— vive, spring water. 

eaux ammoniacales, ammoniacal liquor (from 
distillation of coal, wood, etc.) ; ammoniacal 
solution or filtrate. 

eaux d'égout, sewage. 

eaux des viUes, refuse water from cities, 

eatix faibles, (Tech.) a weak solution, e.g. one 
made by leaching sodium aluminate with 

eaux folles » eaux sauvages (below). 

eaux fortes, (Tech.) a strong solution, strong 

eaux grasses, water containing grease. 

eaux résiduaires, residual liquor (or liquid); 
waste waters (from mines or factories). 

eaux rouges, (Soda) red liquor. 
. eatue sauvages, water that has run over the 
surface without penet^titing the earth: sur- 
face water (in the narrow sense), flood 

eaux sures, (Starch) sour liquor. 

eaux vannes, liquid manure obtained from 
urinals, privy vaults, etc.; specif., stale 
urine used as a source of ammonium 

faire — , leak. 

uigitized by 





eaa-de-Tle, /. brandy (or, in general, distilled 
liquor), eau de vie, aqua vitœ. 

— de grain, whisky. 

— de marct marc brandy. 

— de vin, brandy (in the strict sense). 
eAU-forte, /. aqua fortia (nitric acid, esp. a 

medium strength used in etching). 

eAn-mère, /. mother liquor. 

earn, pi. of eau. 

eaux-mères» mother liquors. 

eam-vannes» f.jd. » eaux vannes, under eau. 

ébarbage, ébarbement, m. trimming, etc. (see 

ébarber, v.t. (remove the edges, ends or rough- 
nesses of) trim, clip, pare, nip, chip, edge, 
scrape, clean. 

ébarbnre, /. trimming, etc. (see ébarber). 

ébaachage, m. rough-shaping, etc. (see 

ébauche, /. rough-shaping (as of a gem); 
sketch, rough sketch; rough draft. 

ébaucher, v.t. rough-shape, roughcast; sketch. 

ébène, /. ebony (wood). 

ébéner, v.t. ebonize. 

ébénler, m. ebony (tree). 

ébeurrer, v.t. remove the butter from. 

éblseler, v.t. bevel, chamfer. 

éblouir, v.t. dazzle. — v.r. be dazzled. 

éblouissant, p.a. dazzling. 

ébleuissement, m. dazzling. 

ebonite, /. ebonite. 

éboulllant, of ébouillir. 

éboulllantase, m. scalding. 

ébouillanter, v.t. scald. 

éboulllanteuse, /. scalder. 

ébouillir, r.«. boil down; boil away. 

éboulement, m. falling in, falling down, crum- 
bling; collapse; landsUde. 

ébouler, v.r. A i. fall in, fall down, crumble. 
— v.t. cause to fall down, throw down. 

ébonUs, m. fallen material, débris, rubbish. 

ébourrer, v.t. » débourrer. 

ébout, pr. S sing, of ébouillir. 

ébranlement, m. shaking, agitation, disturb- 

ébranler, v.t. shake, agitate. — e.r. shake, be 
shaken, be agitated. 

ébrécher, v. t. notch (as a knife); break; 

ébronder, v.t. deoxidize (iron wire). 

ébrouage, m. {Dyeing) washing (of wool). 

ébroudage, m. drawing (of wire; see ébroudir). 

ébroudeur, m. wire drawer. 

ébroudir, v.t. draw (wire), esp. thru a fine 

ébrouer, v. t. {Dyeing) wash (wool) ; hull, husk. 

ébroulssage, m. {Dyeing) washing (of wool). 

ébruiter, v.t. make known, report, rumor. 

ébrutage, m. grinding (of diamonds). 

ébulUomètre, m. ebulliometer, ebullioscope. 

ébulHoscope, m. ebullioscope. 
ébulllosoople, /. ebullioBcopy, observation of 

boiling points. 
ebullition, /. boiling, Qess often) ebullition. 
éburge, n. {Glaee) an iron shovel used for intro- 
ducing the pots into the furnace. 
éburlne, /. eburin, eburine, eburite. 
ébumaÛon,/. » ébumification; {Med.) ebuma- 

ébumification, /. conversion of powdered bone 

and ivory into eburin by heat and pressure. 
ébutter, v.t. flesh, slate (hides). 
éeachement, m. crushing, etc. (see écacher). 
écacher, v. t. crush, squeeze, squash, bruise; 

flatten (wire); {Paper) squeeze moisture 

éealllage, m. scaling, etc. (see écailler). 
éeallle, /. scale; flake, chip; shell. 
éealllement, m. scaling, etc. (see écailler). 
écailler, v. t. scale; chip off, flake off; shelL 

— v.r. scale, scale off, chip off; shell. 
écalUette, /. little scale; little shell. 
écallleux, a. scaly, squamous. 
écale, /. shell; hull, husk. 
éealer, v.t. shell; hull, husk. 
écarlate, /. A a. scarlet. 

— de Biebrich, Biebrich scarlet. 

— de HoUande, natural cochineal scarlet. 

— de Venise, Venetian scarlet (an old scarlet 
dye made from kermès). 

écamer, v.t. round off, remove the angles of. 
écart, m. variation, deviation, difference; 
error; {Optica) dispersion; scarf joint; 
stepping aside; digression; strain. 
à V — , aside, apart. 

— absolu, absolute error. 

— moyen, mean error. 

écartement, m. removal, etc. (see écarter); 

distance (apart), space, spacing. 
écarter, v.t. remove; disperse, scatter; spread 

open, separate; turn aside, divert; keep 

away. — v.r. deviate, depart; (Uverge, 

open; disperse, be dispersed. 
écatlr, écatlssage, » catir, catissage. 
ecbollque, a. A m. {Med.) ecbolic. 
ecboUne, /. ecboline (ergotinine). 
ecgonlne, /. ecgonine. 

échafaud, m. (also Metal.) scaffold; platform. 
échafaudage, m. (also Metal.) scaffolding; 

échalote, /. shallot {AUium ascalonicum) . 

échancrer, v.t. channel, groove; hollow out, 
indent, notch. 

échancrure, /. channel, groove; hollow, inden- 
tation, notch. 

échange, m. exchange. 

en — de, in exchange for, in return for. 

échai^^eable, a. exchangeable. 

éduinger, v.t. exchange. 

éehantignole, /. bracket. 

y Google 




fdimnttllon, m. sample; specimen; pattern, 
model; gage; mold, matrix; {Founding) 
modeling board. 

érhmnttllonage, m. sampling, etc. (see next 

éehantflloiier, v,t. sample, take samples of; 
gage, test (as weights); mix different 
samples of (e.g. sugar) in order to obtain a 
standard product, blend; make up (e.g. 
iron) into given patterns or shapes; sort. 

éctamppftde» /. (Ceram.) a system of refractory 
partitions in a kiln. (Certain articles are 
fired in the compartments thus formed in- 
stead of in saggers.) 

échappée* /. interval; clear space; width (of 
an opening) ; pitch (of a screw) ; escapade. 

éduippeiiientt m. escape; escapement; out- 
let; flue (of a reverberatory furnace); 
(Steam) exhaust. 

échapper, v.i. A t. escape. — v.r. escape; 
vanish; forget oneself; come undone. 

— d, — de, escape from, escape. 

Vainer — , let off (steam, etc.) ; let escape, let 

go, let sUp, pass over. 
éeharde, /. splinter, fragment; prickle. 
échamage, tehamement» m, fleshing (of 

éebamer, v.i. flesh (hides). 
ectaarnoir, m. fleshing knife. 
éctaarpe» /. brace, tie; outrigger; scarf; sash. 
édbarper» «.<. card; pass a rope around; slash. 
cehaaboaliire, /. pimple. 
érhandage, m. scaldiâg; whitewash; white- 
éehaade, /. welding heat. 
echaadcr, t.t. scald; whitewash. 
erhandtHon, m. piece of iron at welding heat. 
édiaadolr» m. scalding vat; scalding house. 
écfaandiire, /. scald. 
écfaaiille,*m. {LetUher) sweating. 
éehanJlé, p.a. heated; (of wood, etc.) rotten. 
échaullèment, m. heating, etc. (see échauffer). 
échauflèr, 1. 1. heat; overheat; warm; vex, 

anger. — v.r. heat, become heated or hot; 

become ov^heated; warm, become warm; 

(of wood) dry-rot; (of yam) become 

échéanee, /. expiration; (Com.) maturity. 
échéant, of échoir. 
échec, m. check, defeat, failure, reverse. 
échelle, /. scale; ladder. 

— (feaii, water gage. % 

— de proportion^ diagonal scale. 

— graduie, graduated scale. 

— moètZe, sliding scale. 

— proportionndU, diagonal scale. 

— redtntet reduced scale. 

édbdon, m. step; (of a ladder) rung, round. 
echdonnement, m. arrangement, disposition, 
distribution (at intervals, in a series). 

échelonner, v. t. arrange (in a series), distribi 
ute, place at intervals; proportion. 

échenal, échenean, échenet, m. gutter, chan- 
nel; (JPoundir^) gate. 

écherra, fut. 5 sing, of échoir. 

échet, pr. S aing. of échoir. 

écheveau, m. skein, hank. 

échevette, /. skein (in France 100 meters). 

é^ilne, /. i^EÂne; echinus (a rounded molding). 

échlnocoque, m. {ZoOl.) echinococcus. 

échlnodemie, m. iZoOl.) echinoderm. 

échinon, m. cheese mold. 

échiqafer, m. checkerwork; checkerboard; 

écho, m. echo. 

échoir, v.i, fall due; expire; happen, occur. 

échouer, v.i. strand, run aground; faiL 

échoyait, imp. S sing, of échoir. 

échu, p.p. of échoir. 

éclabousser, v.t. splash, spatter. 

éclair, m. lightning; flash, gleam; (Aaaayino) 
fulguration, blick. 

édalrage, m. lighting, illuminating, illumination. 

— au gaz, gas lighting. 

— du fondt (in spectra) continuous illumina- 
tion, continuous light. 

— électrique, electric lighting. 
éclairant, p.a. illuminating, lighting. 
éclalrde, /. clear spot, clear space; clearing. 
edalrdr, v.t. clear, clear up; clarify; thin; 

brighten, polish; inform. — v.r. clear, 
clear up, become clear; become thin; be- 
come bright. 

éclalrclssage, éctoirdggement, m. clearing, 
etc. (see éclaircir). 

éclairé, p.a. lighted, illuminated; well in- 
formed, experienced, enlightened; open. 

édalrement, m. lighting, etc. (see éclairer); 
clearness, clarity. 

éclairer, v.t. light, illuminate; enlighten; 
watch; reconnoiter. — v.i. give light, 
shine, gleam; lighten, flash. — v.r. be 
lighted, be illuminated; inform oneself. 

éclampsle, /. (Med.) eclampsia. 

édat, m. burst, bursting; loud and sudden 
noise, report, crash; fragment, splinter, 
shiver, chip; luster (as of minerals) ; bright- 
ness, brilliancy; flash; crack (in wood); 

— métallique, metallic luster; metallic frag- 
ment or splinter. 

éclatant, p.a. bursting, etc. (see éclater); 
brilliant, bright; loud; shrill. 

éclatement, m. bursting, etc. (see éclater). 

éclater, v.i. burst, shiver, split, splinter; make 
a loud and sudden noise, crack, thunder; 
shine, be brilliant, flash, glitter; (Elee.) 
spark; break out; be revealed. — v.L 
burst, shiver, split, rend; chip. — v.r. 
burst, shiver, splinter, split. 

ijiginzed Dy '' 





I m. (Elec.) spark gap. 

— rêolàbie, adjustable spark gap. 
é^paer» v.t. eclipse. — v,r. be eclipsed. 
écllssef /. splinter, splint; fish, fishplate. 
éelore» v.%. dawn, appear; open, bloom; hatch. 
éekMion, /. dawning, appearance; blossoming, 

bloom; hatching, hatch. 
edUfle* /. sluice; floodgate; dam; lock. 
éeole, /. school; schoolhouse; blunder. 
éeoller, m. scholar, pupil. — a. (of paper) 

white and of medium quality. 
écollage, m. fleshing (of hides). 
économe, a. economical. — m. steward, fiscal 

agent, bursar, etc. 
économie, /. economy; organism; savings. 
économique, a. economic (al) . — /. economics. 
économiquement, adv. economically. 
économiser, v.t. economize; save. — r.t. 

economize. — v.r. be economized. 
écope, /. ladle; scoop. 
écorçftge, m. stripping, barking, peeling. 
écoroCf /. bark; rind, peel; (earth's) crust; 

(Bot. & Anai:) cortex; (fig.) surface. 

— d ton, tanbark. 

— d*cuêdttr<ich, (.Pharm.) margoea bark, aza- 
dirachta, azedarach. 

— de bigarade, bitter orange peel. 

— de bourdaine, (Pharm.) frangula. 

— de cerisier de Virginie, (Phann.) wild 

— de chêne, oak bark; (Pharm.) white oak, 

— de citron, lemon peel. 

— de gioffrée, {Pharm.) cabbage-tree bark. 

— de grenade, {Pharm.) pomegranate, gran- 

— de la racine de cotonnier, {Pharm.) cotton 
root bark. 

— delà racine de grenadier, {Pharm.) pome- 

— de limon, lemon peel. 

— de magnolier, {Pharm.) magnolia bark, 

— de mancône, see mancône. 

— de margousier, = écorce d'azédarach. 

— de quiUaja, {Pharm.) soap bark, quillaja. 

— de tan, tanbark. 

— d'evonymus, {Pharm.) euonjrmus, wahoo. 

— d'orange* amèree, bitter orange peel. 

— d'oranges douces, sweet orange pcel. 

— d'orme, elm bark, specif. {Pharm.) slippery 

— de racine de berbérides, berberis root bark. 

— de ronce noire, {Pharm.) rubus, black- 

— de Winter, {Pharm.) Winter's bark. 

— éleuthêrienne, {Pharm.) cascarilla, casca- 
rilla bark, eleuthera bark. 

écorcement, m. stripping, barking, peeling. 
éeorcer, v.t. strip (of bark or rind), bark, peel. 

écorcher, v.t. skin; taste rough to; grate on; 

fleece; murder (a language). 
écorcier, m. place where tanbark is kept. 
écorner, v.t. break off the corner of, chip; (fig.) 

cut into, impair. 
écornure, /. chip, splinter, broken-off corner. 
écossais, a. Scotch, Scottish. 
iSoosse, /. Scotland. 
écosser, v.t. husk, hull, shell. 
écoulement, m. flowing off, running out, out- 
flow, efflux, draining, discharge; vent; 

{Com.) sale. 
écouler, v.i. & r. flow out, run out, flow away; 

(of people) disperse; {Com.) sell; (of time) 

pass. — v.t. sell, sell off. 
écourter, v. t. curtail, shorten; dock. 
écoussage, m. {Ceram.) stain, dark spot. 
écoutant, p. a. listening. — m. hearer, auditor. 
écouter, v.t. listen to. 
écramlnage, m. {Leather) removal of the fatty 

matter from the flesh side of the hide. 
écran, m. screen; shield; baffle plate. 
écrasage, m. crushing, etc. (see écraser). 
écrasé, p.a. crushed, etc. (see écraser) ; flat. 
écrasement, m. crushing, etc. (see écraser). 
écraser, v.t. crush; squeeze; flatten; bruise; 

masticate (rubber). 
écrasite, /. {Expl.) ecrasite. 
écrémage, m., écrémaison, écrémation, /. 

skimming; separating (as of milk by 

écrémé, p.a. skimmed; separated; skim (milk). 
écrémer, v.t. skim; separate (as milk or soapy 

water, in a centrifugal). 
écrémette, /. skimmer, skimming ladle. 
écrémeuse,/. separator (for liquids, esp. milk); 

milk pan, milk crock. 
écrémolr, m., écrémoire, /. skimmer. 
écrémure, /. skimmings, skim, scum; {Glass) 

glass gall, sandiver. * 

écrevlsse, /. crawfish; large tongs for handling 

heavy weights; {Astron.) Cancer. 
écrier, v.t. scour (iron wire). — v.r. cry out. 
écrln, m. case; jewel case, casket. 
écrire, v.t. write; spell. 
écrit, vr. S sing. A p.p. of écrire. — m. writing; 

écrlteau, m. bill, placard. 
écriture, /. writing; {Com., pi.) accounts. 

books; Scripture. 
écrlTaln, m. writer; clerk. 
éerlTant, of écrire» 
écrlTcnt, pr. 5 pi. of écrire. 
écrlveur, m. writer. 
écrou, m. screw nut, (female or internal) screw. 

— ailé, — à oreilles, wing nut, wing screwi^ 
thumb nut, fly nut. 

— de serrage, clamp nut, set nut. 
écroulr, v.t. {Metal.) cold-hammer, hammer 

harden, cold-harden. — v.r. cobi-hmtien„ 

uigitlzed by VjOv_/n: iv 




écroulssage, éeroulssement, m. cold-hammer- 
ing, oold-hardening, hammer-hardening. 

écroûter, v.t. remove the crust from. 

écrUf a. (of cloth, etc.) raw, unbleached, un- 
washed; (of iron) badly worked. 

éetofain, m. a trade name for zinc peroxide. 

éco» m. shield; crown (the coin, at present in 
PVance the 5-franc piece) ; (pi.) money. 

éeuell, m. rock, reef. 

éeuelle, /. porringer, bowl, saucer; (Oils) 
ecuelle, a saucer-shaped metal vessel 
covered on the inside with short spikes and 
used in obtaining essential oil from fruits 
(e.g. oranges). 

écnmage, m. skimming, scumming; ridding. 

écamant, p.a. foaming, foamy, frothing, 
frothy; scummy. 

écuine, /. foam, froth; scum; dross, scoria. 

— de fer, (Min.) a porous form of hema- 

— de fonte, (Metal.) kish. 

— de mer, meerschaum; sea foam. 
écumer» v.t. skim, scum, clear of froth or scum; 

skim off, remove by skimming; clear, rid. 
— v.i. foam, froth; become covered with 
scum or dross. 

écameresse, /. large skimmer. 

écnmette, /. small skinmier. 

écameur, m. skimmer, scum remover. 

écumeux, a. foamy, foaming, frothy. 

écamoire, /. skimmer, scummer. 

écnrage, écurement, m. cleaning, scouring. 

écurer, v.t. clean, scour. 

écarier, /. stable. 

édlcule, m. small edifice or structure. 

édification, /. building, building up; edifica- 

édifice, m. edifice, structure. 

édifier, v.t. build, build up; satisfy; edify. 

fedlmboiirg, m. Edinburgh. 

éditer, v.t. publish; (less commonly) edit. 

édlteiir,*m. publisher; (less commonly) editor. 

édition, /. edition. 

éducateur, m. educator; raiser, breeder. — a. 

éducation, /. education; breeding, raising. 

éducatrlce, fern, of éducateur. 

eduction, /. eduction, exhaustion (of steam). 

édnlcorant, a. & m. edulcorant. 

édnlcoratton, /. edulcorating, edulcoration. 

édulcorer, v.t. edulcorate. 

eflkc^, v.t. efface, obliterate, erase. 

eflkçnre, /. effacement, erasure, obliteration. 

effectif, a. effective; actual, real. 

effectivement^ ado. in fact, in reality, indeed; 

efltoctUOT, v.t. effect, perform, do, make, accom- 
plish, execute, effectuate. 

dUervescence, /. effervescence. 

effervescent, a. effervescent. 

effet, m. effect; (Com^ bill; (public) funds, 
d — retorelé, delay-action. 

— hrieanX, rending effect, shattering effect. 

— mécaniq\i^, mechanical effect. 

— MiiU, useful effect. 

en — , in fact, in reality, in effect, indeed. 

effeuiller, v.t. strip of leaves. 

efficace, a. efficacious, effective. 

efficacement, adv. efficaciously, effectively. 

efficacité, /. efficacy, efficaciousness. 

efficient, a. efficient. 

effilj^^, m. drawing out, etc. (see effiler). 

effilé, p.a. drawn out (as a glass tube), tapered, 
thinned; slender; raveled; fringed. 

effiler, v.t. draw out (as a glass tube), taper, 
thin; ravel, unravel. — v.r. be drawn out, 
taper; ravel, ravel out. 

effilocher, v.t. ravel out, pick to pieces, dis- 

effieurage, effleurement, m. removal of the 
surface, etc. (see effleurer). 

effleurer, v.t. remove the siirface of, scrape, 
shave; (Leather) scrape or shave the hair 
side of; grace; touch; touch on; skim 
along, skim over; strip of flowers. — v,r. 
be scraped, etc.; fade, wither. 

effleurlr, v.t. db r. effloresce. 

efflorescence, /. efflorescence. 

efflorescent, a. efflorescent. 

effluent, a. effluent. 

effluve, m. (nondisruptive) electric discharge; 

effondrer, v.t. break in, cause to give way; dig 
up, plow deep. — v.r. give way, fall. 

effondrllles, sediment, dregs, lees. 

effort, m. effort; force, stress; strain. 

— de cisaillement, shearing stress. 

— de rupture, breaking stress. 

— de teneion, tensile stress. 
efflrayant, p.a. frightful, terrible, appalling. 
eflMter, v.t. render friable, cause to crumble; 

exhaust (soil). — v.r. crimible. 

elllroyable, a. frightful, fearful. 

elllroyablement, adv. frightfully, dreadfully. 

elltalguratlon, /. flashing, glowing. 

efltaslon, /. effusion. 

égal, a. equal; even; same, alike. — m. equal. 
à V — de, equal to, like; in comparison with. 

également, adv. equally, alike, likewise. — m. 

égaler, v.t. equal; equalise; even, level. 

égalisation, /. equalization; evening. 

égaliser, v.t. equalize; even, level, smooth. 

égaliseur, m. equalizer; regulator. 

égallsolr, m. separating sieve (for gunpowder). 

égalltalre, a. equalizing, leveling. 

égalité, /. equation; equality; evenness; uni- 
à — de, supposing the equality of, supposing 
... to be equal (or, to be the same). 

uigiiizea Dy 





ûf m. regard, respect. 
à V — d«, with rega^ to, with respect to, re- 
garding, as to, in comparison with. 
à tous égard», in all respects. 
égaré» p.a. led astray, stray, wandering, lost; 

scattered; mislaid; misguided; disordered. 
égarement* m. wandering; error; wildness; 

égarer» v. t. lead astray; let wander; mislay; 

disorder, derange. — r.r. go astray, stray, 

wander; be mislaid, be lost. 
égaux» m.pZ. of égal. 
égayer» 1. 1. enliven; rinse (linen); prune. 
égermage» m. degerming. 
^;emier» v.t. remove the germ of, degerm. 
égide» /. protection; œgis. 
église» /. church. 
égout» m. dripping, drip; sewer; drain, gutter, 

channel; (Gloaa) dropping board; {Found' 

ing) vent. 

— de deuxième jet, (Sugar) sirup from which 
two crops of crystals have been removed 
in the centrifugals. 

— de premier jet, (Sugar) sirup from which 
one crop of crystals has been removed in 
the centrifugals. 

égouttage» égouttement» m. draining, drain- 
age; dripping, drip. 
égontUsTf v.t. drain; let drip. — v.t. drain; 

drip. — v.r. drain. 
égoatteur, m. drainer; drain. — a. draining, 

drain, dripping. 
^[outtolr» m. drainer, drain board, draining 

board, draining rack. 
^outtore» /. drainings. 
égralnage» etc. See égrenage, etc. 
egrapfiage» m. picking (esp. of grapes) from 

the bunch; cleaning (of ore). 
égrapper» v.t. pick from the bunch (as grapes) ; 

clean (ore). 
égratlgner» v.t. scratch. 
égratlgnnre» /. scratch. 
égrenage» égrènement» m. shelling; picking; 

ginning (of cotton). 
égrener» v.t. shell (as com); pick (as grapes 

from the bunch); gin (cotton). 
égrisage» m. grinding (as of glass or diamond) . 
égrlsé» m., égrlsée» /. diamond powder. 
égrlser» v.t. grind (glass, marble, etc.). 
égrugeolr» m. mortar; (Gunpowder) rubber, 

égniger, v.t. grind, pulverise; meal (gun- 

égmgeur» a. grinding, pulverizing. 
égmgeore» /. grindings. 
iigypte» /. Egypt. 
elsen-ram» m. (Min.) a porous form of hema» 

éjeeter» v.t. eject. 
éjecteur» m. ejector. — a. ejecting. 

éjeeifon» /. ejection. 

élaborant» élaborateor» a. elaborating. 

élaboration» /. elaboration. 

élaborer» v.t. elaborate. 

élagage» m. pruning. 

élaguer» v.t. prune. 

élaidlne» /. elaXdin. 

élaldlqae» a. elaldic. 

élalne» /. olein, elaln. 

élalomètre» m. eleometer, elœometer. 

elaldéhyde» m. paraldehyde. 

élan» m. start, spring, jump, sally, impulse 
ardor, enthusiasm; eîk. 

élancé» a. slender, slim, tall. 

élancer» v.r. spring, rush, dash, fly, soar. 

élargir» v.t. & r. enlarge, extend, widen. 

élargissement» m. enlargement, extension, 

élasticité» /. elasticity. 

élastlflcatlon» /. elasticising. 

élastlne» /. elastin. 

élastique» a. & m. elastic. 

élatérlne» /. elaterin. 

élatérite, /. (Afin.) elaterite. 

élatérlnm, m. (Pharm.) elaterium; (Bot.) wild 
cucumber (EcbaUium elaterium). 

élatéromètre» m. elatrometer, elaterometer. 

élamge» m. washing out, washing. 

élaver» v.t. wash out, wash (as rags). 

élaveuse» /. washer. — o. washing. 

électif» a. elective; selective. 

élection» /. election, choice. 
d' — , preferred, best, choice. 

électlvement, adv. electively; selectively. 

électlTlté, /. electivity; selectivity. 

électre» m. electrum. 

électricien, m. electrician. 

électrldsme» m. electric phenomena in general 

électricité» /. electricity. 

électrique» a. electric, electrical. 

électriquement» adv. electrically. 

électrisable» a. electrifiable. 

électrlsant» p.a. electrifying. 

electrisation» /. electrification. 

électrlser» v.t. electrify, electrise. — v.r, be- 
come electrified. 

électriseur» m. electrifier. 

electro^fflnlte» /. electro-affinity. 

électro^aggloméré» m. battery carbon. 

électro«almant» m. electromagnet. 

électroanalyse» /. electroanalysis. 

électrocaplÛalre» a. electrocapillary. 

électrocaplUarité» /. electrocapillarity. 

électrochlmle» /. electrochemistry. 

électrochlmlque» a. electrochemical. 

électrochlmlste, m. electrochemist. 

électrode» /. electrode. 

électrodynamique» /. electrodynamics. — d. 

électrolysable» a. ebctrolysable. 

uigitized Dy V3V^' 





âeetiolysattoii» /. electrolysing, éleotrolysa- 

electrolyse» /. electrobrsis. 

eleetrolyser» v.t. electrolyse. 

éleetrolyseur, m. eleetrolyser. 

electrolyte» m. electrobrte. 

électrolytlaae» a. electrolytic. 

electrolyttquement» adv. electrolytically. 

électromasnétlqae» a. electromagnetic. 

électromainétlBine, m. electromagnetism. 

électrométalliirgle, /. electrometallurgy. 

âectrométaUurglqae, a. electrometallurgioal. 

électromètre» m. electrometer. 

électrométiiqae» a. electrometric(al). 

électromoteur, a. electromotive. — m. elec- 

électromotiice» fem. of électromoteur. 

électron, m. electron. 

électronégatif» a. electronegative 

électronique» a. electronic. 

électroptaore» m. electrophorus. 

électropolalre, a. electropolar. 

électroposltlf» a. electropositive. 

electroscope» m. electroscope. 

électroscoplqae, a. electroscopic. 

électrostatique» a. electrostatic. — /. electro- 

électrotechnlqae» a. electrotechnic(al). — /. 

électrotrieuse, /. magnetic ore separator. 

électrotype» m. electrotype. 

électrotyple, /. electrotypy, electrotype. 

électrotypique» a. electrotype, electrotjrpio. 

électrum» m. electrum. 

électnalre» m. iPharm.) electuary (now often 
translated confection^ the old distinction 
between electuary and conserve having 
been abandoned). 

— aromatique^ aromatic confection. 

— de poioret confection of pepper. 

— de eéné compoeé, confection of senna. 

— de aoufre, confection of sulfur. 

— UnitiSt confection of senna. 
élégamment, adv. elegantly. 
élégant» a. elegant. 
élément, m. element. 
élémentaire» a. elementary. 
éléml, m. elemi. 

éléolat, éléolate, m. {Pharm.) a preparation 
having an essential oil as a base. 

éléolé, m. {Pharm.) a preparation having an oil 
as base. 

éléoUthe, m. (Min.) eleolite, elœolite. 

éléoptène, m. eleoptene, elœoptene. 

éléosaccliarnm» m. (Pharm.) elœosaccharum. 

éleathérlen» a. (Phann.) eleuthera. cascarilla. 

élCTage» m. raising (of animals), stock rais- 

élévateur» m. elevator. — a. elevating, eleva- 

éMvatenr à godets, bucket elevator. 

élévation» /. elevation; increase (of price); 
(Math.) involution. 

élévatolre, a. elevatory, elevating. 

élève» m. et f. student, scholar, pupil; yoimg 
animal or plant. — /. raising (of ani- 

— bénévole, special student, special. 

— chimiste, chemistry student. 

— physicien, physics student. 

élevé» p.a. raised, elevated, etc. (see élever); 

élèvement» m. raising, etc. (see élever). 

élever» v. t. raise; hoist; elevate; erect; pro- 
duce; rear; exalt. — v.r. rise; be raised, 
be erected, be produced, etc. 

élcTure» /. pimple, pustule. 

éliminateur» a. eliminating, eliminative. 

élimination, /. elimination. 

éliminatoire, a. eliminative, eliminatory. 

éllminatrice, fem. of éliminateur. 

éliminer, v.t. eliminate. 

élire» v.t. elect. 

éllxatlon» /. (Pld Pharm.) elization, seething. 

éUzIr» m. elixir. 

— de propriété, (Pharm.) tincture of aloes and 

— de salut, (Pharm.) compound tincture of 
senna, elixir salutis. 

— fébrifuge d*Huxam, (Pharm.) Huxham's 
tincture of bark (compound tincture of cin- 

— parégorique, (Pharm.) paregoric, camphor- 
ated tincture of opium. 

— vitriolique, (Pharm.) aromatic sulfuric acid, 
elixir of vitriol. 

ellaglque» a. ellagic. 

ellago-tannlque» a. ellagotannic. 

elle» fem. pron. she, her, it. 

ellébore» m. (Bot.) hellebore. 

elléborine» /. helleborin; (Bot.) helleborine. 

elles» fem. pron, they, them. 

ellipse» /. ellipse; (Grammar) ellipsis. 

ellipsoidal, a. ellipsoidal. 

elllpsoMe» m. A a. ellipsoid. 

elliptique, a. elliptic(al). 

éloge, m. eulogy. 
faire V — de, sing the praises of, praise. 

éloglenx, a. eulogistic, commendatory. 

éloigné, p.a. removed, etc. (see éloigner) ; dis- 
tant, remote; averse. 

élolgnement, m. removal, etc. (see éloigner); 
distance; absence; neglect. 

éloigner, v.t. remove; defer; banish; avert; 
estrange. — v.r. go away, withdraw, de- 
part, be distant, be different, be averse. 

élu, p.a. elected, elect. 

élucider» v.t. elucidate. 

éluder» v.t. elude^ evade. — v.r. be evaded. 

émadé» a. emaciated, very thin. 

uigitizea Dy 





m. enamel; (Ceram.) glaze (tho re- 
stricted by ^ some to the thicker and less 
fusible glazes, whether transparent or 
opaque, and by 'others to the opaque glazes 
which are called enamels in Engliish). 
— de cobaltf smalt. 

émaUlAge» m. enameling; glazing (see émail). 

émalller, v. t. enamel; glaze (see émail). 

émalllerie, /. enameling; glazing (see émail). 

émailleur, m. enameler; glazer (see émail). 

émalllure, /. enameling; enamel work. 

émanatlf, a. emanative. 

émanation, /. emanation; (fig.) offspring. 

émaner, v.i. emanate. 

émaux, pi. of émail. 

emballage, m. packing; packing case. 

emludler, v.t. pack, pack up. — v.r. hurry off, 
nm away; (of a reaction) become violent; 
(of machinery) race. 

emballeur, m. packer. 

emballotter, v.L pack, bale. 

embargo, m. embargo. 

embarUlage, m. barreling. 

embarUler, v.t. barrel. 

embarquer, v.t. ship; embark. — v.r. embark. 

embarras, m. obstruction; encumbrance; em- 

embarrassant, 'p.a. embarrassing. 

embarrasser, v.L obstruct; embarrass; en- 
tangle. — v.r. be embarrassed; be en- 
tangled; (with de) trouble oneself (about). 

embase, /. (Tech.) shoulder, seat, base. 

embassure, /. walls (of a glass furnace). 

embaumer, v.t. embalm. 

embellir, v.t. embellish, improve (in appear- 
ance), ornament, adorn. 

embellissement, m. embellishment, improve- 
ment, ornamentation, adornment. 

emblée. In the phrase d'emblée, at once, at 
the first onset, with ease. 

emblème, m. emblem. 

emboire, v.t. cover or coat with oil or wax. 

— v.r. soak in. 

emboîtement, m. fitting, etc. (see embotter). 
emboîter, v.t. fit, fit in, nest, join, joint, en- 
gage, put together, dovetail, mortise, clamp. 

— v.r. fit together or into each other, fit, go 
together, be engaged. 

embolture, /. joint, joining, juncture, socket, 

clamp, collar, box, frame. 
embouchure, /. mouthpiece; mouth. 
embout, m. tip, ferrule. 
embouteillage, m. bottling. 
embouteiller, v.t. bottle. 
embouti, p.a. stamped; covered with metal. 

— m. stamped work, stamped piece. 
emboutir, v.t. stamp, shape by stamping; 

cover with metal. 
emboutissage, m. stamping; sheathing with 

enibninclieilieilt, m. branching; junction; 

embrancher, v.t. join, connect. — v.r. join, 
join each other; branch. 

embrasé, p.a. burning, on fire; fiery. 

embrasement, m. conflagration, fire, burning. 

embraser, v.t. set on fire, fire, kindle. — v.r. 
take fire, fire, kindle. 

embrasser, v.t. embrace. 

embrayage, m. engaging, engagement, etc. (see 
embrayer) ; engaging gear, clutch, coupling. 

embrayer, v.t. engage, throw into gear, con- 

embroclii^;e» m. insertion, etc. (see em- 
système par — , spindle ssnstem, skewer system 
(of cop dyeing). 

embrocher, v.t. {Elec.) (1) insert, cut in, (2) ar- 
range in series; put on a spindle; spit. 

embrouUlement, m. clouding, etc. (see next 

embrouUler, v.t. cloud, fog, obscure; embroil. 

embrunir, v.t. brown; make too brown. 

embryon, m. embryo. 

embryonnaire, a. embryonic, embryo. 

embu, p.p. of emboire. 

embUYant, of emboire. 

émeraude, /. <& a. emerald. 

émergence, /. emergence, emerging; emer- 

émerger, v.i. emerge. 

émerl, m. emery. 

à I* — , coated with emery, emery; ground 
with emery, ground; provided with a 
ground stopper; with emery grinding. 

émeriser, v.t. coat with emery, emery. 

émérite, a. emeritus; skilled by long practice. 

emersion, /. emerging, emergence, emersion. 

émervelllable, a. astonishing. 

émerveiller, v.t. astonish. — v.r. wonder. 

émet, pr. 3 sing, of émettre. 

emetine, /. emetine. 

émétique, a. <& m. emetic; specif ., tartar emetic. 

— de bore, soluble cream of tartar, a sub- 
stance prepared from a solution of cream 
of tartar in boric acid or borax. 

— de fer, ferric potassium tartrate, (Pharm.) 
ferrum tartaratum. 

émettre, v.t. emit; express, utter. 

émeut, pr. 3 sing, of émouvoir. 

émier, v.t. crumble, crum. 

émiettement, m. crumbUng, fragmentation. 

émietter, v.t. âb r. crimible, break into pieces. 

émigrer, v.i. emigrate. 

émincer, v.t. mince. 

éminemment, adv. eminently. 

eminence, /. eminence, eminency. 

en — , par — , eminently. 
eminent, a. eminent; high, elevated. 
émis, p.a. emitted; expressed, uttered. 

uigitized Dy '' 






émisslf, a. emissive. 

émission, /. emission. 

émit, p.dé/. S sing, of émettre. 

emmagasinage, emmagaslnement, m. stor- 
ing, storage; accumulation. 

emmM^iMiner, v.t. store; amass, accumulate. 

emmanciié, p.a. having a handle, helved; 
fastened, attached, joined; begim. 

emmanciiement, m. providing with a handle; 
fastening, attaching, attachment, joint; 
— d bcOonnettet bayonet joint, bayonet 

emmancher, v.t. provide with a handle, helve; 
fasten, attach, join; b^^. — v.r. fit on; 
be done. 

emmêler, v.L entangle; complicate. 

emménagogue, a. & m. (Med.) emmena- 

emmener, v.t. take away, carry away. 

emmieller, v.t. honey, sweeten with honey. 

emmouflement, m. putting in the muffle 

emmonfler, v.t. (peram.) put in the muffle 

émodlne, /. emodin. 

emollient, a. <& m. (Med.) emollient. 

émonctolre, m. (Physiol.) emunctory. 

émonder, v.t. prune, trim. 

émotion, /. emotion; disturbance, agitation. 

émoudre, v.t. grind, sharpen (edged tools). 

émonlage, m. grinding (of edged tools). 

émoolant, of émoudre. 

émoulu, p.a. ground, sharpened. 

émousser, v.t. free from foam; dull, blunt; 
bevel, chamfer; clear of moss. 

émousseur, m. foam remover (e.g. a perforated 
tube thru which steam is blown). 

émouvoir, v.t. move, rouse, raise, stir up. 
— v.r. be moved, be roused, rise, be anxious. 

empailler, v.t. pack or wrap with straw; stuff. 

empaquetage, m. packing, packing up. 

système par — , compact system (of cop dye- 

empaqueter, v.t. pack, pack up, wrap up. 

emparer, v.r. (with de) take up, absorb, assimi- 
late, dissolve; take possession of, seize. 

empasme, m. (Pftarm.) empasm, empasma. 

empasteler, v.t. dye blue with woad. 

empftti^e, m. embedding, etc. (see empâter); 
(Soap) the process of making soap paste, 
either by the cold process or by boiling; 
(firetoing) the moistening and softening of 
malt as a preliminary to mashing. 

empfttement, m. embedding, etc. (see em- 

empftter, v.t. embed; make into paste, make 
pasty, impaste; lay on thickly, impaste (as 
colors); fill with paste; clog (as a file); 
stuff (fowls). 

empattement, m. base, foundation, footing, 

empêché, p.a. prevented; hindered; per- 
plexed; occupied; preoccupied. 

empêchement, m. impediment, hindrance, 

empêcha, v. t. prevent; impede, hinder, op- 
pose. — v.r. refrain, help. 

empeUine, /. (Leather) vamp, upper. 

empereur, m. emperor. 

empesage, m. starching. 

empeser, v.t. starch, stiffen with starch. 

empester, v.t. infect, taint, contaminate. 

— v.i. stink, have a foul odor. 
empêtrer, v.t. entangle, embarrass. 
emphase, /. emphasis. 
emphatique, a. emphatic (al). 
emphatiquement, adv. emphatically. 
emphysémateux, a. (Med.) emphsrsematous. 
emphysème, m. (Med.) emphysema. 
empierrement, m. macadamizing; brokeii 

stone (for roads), road metal, macadam, 

stone ballast (for railways). 
empierrer, v.t. macadamize, metal. 
empiétement, m. encroachment, intrusion. 
empiéter, v.t. encroach on, invade, infringe on. 

— v.i. encroach, intrude. 

empilage, emirflement, m. piling, piling up, 

stacking; pile, stack. 
emfrtler, v.t. pile, pile up, stack. , 

empire, m. empire. 

empirer, v.t. render worse. — v.i. grow worse. 
empiric, /. empiricism, experimenting. 
empirique, a. empirical, empiric. 
empiriquement, adv. empirically. 
emfrtrisme, m. empiricism. 
emplrlste, m. empiricist; empiric. 
empiristlque, a. empiristic, empirical. 
emplacement, m. site, location, position, 

ground; emplacement. 
emplastlque, a. emplastic, adhesive. 
emfdâtre, m. (Phann.) plaster. 

— adhésif, adhesive plaster. 

— calmant, — céphalique, opium plaster. 

— de belladone, belladonna plaster. 

— de cantharides, cantharides cerate, can- 
tharides plaster. 

— de gomme ammoniac mercuriel, ammonia- 
cum and mercury plaster. 

— de litharge, lead plaster, litharge plaster. 

— de menthol, menthol plaster. 

— de plomb, lead plaster, diachylon plaster. 

— de poix cantharidé, warming plaster, can- 
tharidal pitch plaster. 

— de poix de Bourgogne, pitch plaster, Bur- 
gundy pitch plaster. 

— de savon, soap plaster. 

— diachylon, diachylon, (in modem usage) 
lead plaster. 

— d'iodure de plomb, lead iodide plaster. 

uigitlzed by VjGv_/n: IV 




i d'opium, opium plaster. 

— mercurieit mercurial plaster. 

— odontaigiquet opium plaster. 

— réaineiLK, adhesive plaster. 

— Hmple, lead plaster. 

— temporal, opium plaster. 

— vésîcatoire, cantharides cerate, blistering 

emplette, /. purchase. 

empli» p.a. filled, full. — m. (Stigar) a struc- 
ture in which crystallisers for low*grade 
beet sugar are placed to be heated. 

emplir, v.t. dk r. fill, fill up. 

empllssage, m. fiUing. 

emploi, m. use; employment; office, posi- 

emploie, pr. 3 sing, of employer. 

emplolement, m. employment. 

emplombftge, m. leading; specif., lining or 
coating with lead; (Metal.) smelting of sil- 
ver or gold ore with lead ore as a means to 
separating the precious metal. 

emplomber, v.t lead (see emplombage). 

employé, p.a. employed. — m. clerk; em- 

employer, v.t. employ. — v.r. be employed; 
busy oneself. 

employeiir, m. employer. 

empoigner, v.t. seize, grasp. 

empois, m. starch paste. 

— d'amidon, starch paste. 

— de cobalt, smalt. 
empolse, /. (Mach.) bearing. 
empoisonnant, p.a. poisoning, poisonous. 
empoisonnement, m. poisoning. 
empoisonner, v.t. poison. 
empolsser, v.t. pitch, cover with pitch. 
empoàtlllase, m. (Œoês) manipulation with 

the punty, or pontil. 
empondller, v.t. (Olaaa) manipulate or shape 

with the punty or pontil. 
emporte-pièce, m. pimch, puncher. 
emporter, v.t. carry away, carry off, remove; 

carry. — v.r. be carried off, be removed; 

fly into a rage. 
V — 8ur, outweigh; surpass, prevail over. 
empourpré, p.a. purple; purpled. 
empourprer, v.t. purple, color purple. 
empreUinent, pr- S pi. of empreindre. 
empreindre, v.t. imprint, stamp, impress. 

— v.r. be imprinted; leave a print. 
emiweint, p.a. imprinted, stamped, impressed. 

— pr. S aing. of empreindre. 
empreinte, /. impression, imprint, stamp; 

(Painting) first coat, priming. 
empressement, m. haste, eagerness; assiduity. 
empresser, v.r. hasten; be eager; crowd. 
emprlmerle, /. tanning vat, tan vat. 
emprise, /. encroachment. 
emprisonna, v.t. imprison. 

emprunt, m. borrowing; loan. 

d* — , borrowed; assumed; artificial. 
emprunté, p.a. borrowed; assumed; artificial; 

emprunter, v.t. borrow. 
empuantir, v.r. become putrid. 
empyreumatique, a. empyreumatic. 
empyreume, m. empjrreuma. 
ému, p.p. of émouvoir. 
émule, m. rival, competitor. 
émulslf, a. emulsive. — m. emulsive sub- 
émulsine, /. emulsin. 
emulsion, /. emulsion. 

— d'amande, (Phaarm.) emulsion of almond, 
milk of almond. 

— de chloroforme, (Pharm.) chloroform emul- 
sion, chloroform mixture. 

— d'eseence de térébenthine, (Pharm.) emul- 
sion of oil of turpentine. 

— d'huHe de foie de morue, (Pharm.) emulsion 
of cod liver oil. 

— d'huHe de ricin, (Pharm.) castor oil mix- 
ture, emulsion of castor oil. 

émulslonnant, p.a. emulsifying. 

émulslonnement, m. emulsification. 

émulslonner, v.t. emulsify. 

en, prep, in; at, to, for, like; (with in, 
by, while (or not translated). — pron. (in- 
stead of de lui, d'elle, etc.) of him, of her, of 
it, of them, from him (her, it, them), etc. 
(see dé); his, hers, its, theirs; some, any. 

— ce que, from the fact that, in the respect 
that, because. 

enantlomorptae, a. enantiomorphous, enantio- 

encadrement, m. framing; frame. 
encadrer, v.r. frame; surround; insert. 
encaissage, m. incasing, etc. (see encaisser). 
encaissant, p.a. incasing, etc. (see encaisser). 
encaisse, /. cash on hand. 
encaissement, m. incasing, etc. (see encaisser) ; 

encaisser, v.t. incase, inclose; pack (in a case 

or box) ; collect, receive (money) ; bed (a 

encan, m. auction. 
encaqu^r, v.t. barrel; (fig.) pack. 
encartoucbage, m. cartridge filling. 
encartouchw, v.t. put or make into cartridges. 
en-cas, encas, en cas, m. anything for use in 

an emergency. 
encastage, m. (Ceram.) placing in saggers. 
encaster, v.t. (Ceram.) place in saggers. 
encasteur, m. (Ceram.) placer, sagger stacker, 

setter hand. 
encastrement, m. fitting in, etc. (see encas- 
trer); groove, bed, seat, mortise, recess. 
encastrer, v.t. fit in, let in, set in, bed (in a 

groove or other recess) . — v.r. fit together. 

uigiiizea Dy 




OMMlstlqne» m. polishins wax (any of variouB 
preparations containing wax and used on 
wood, leather, etc.) ; an impregnating ma- 
terial for preserving sculptures; encaustic 
painting, encaustic. -^ a. pertaining to or 
designating the above preparations; en- 

eneaTer» v.t. put or store in a cellar. 

encelsnant» of enceindre. 

encelndre» v.t. surround, enclose. 

encelnt» pr. S nng. & p.p. of enceindre. 

encdnte, /. inclosure, enclosure, (inclosed) 
space, place, chamber, hall; circumference, 
circuit. — o. pregnant. 

encens» m. incense. 

— /0meUc, incense from a kind of juniper 
(Junipenu lyeia). 

— indien, — male, frankincense. 
enchaînement, m. linking, linkage; connec- 
tion; arrangement; chaining; captivation. 

enchaîner, v.t. link (e.g. atoms); connect; 

arrange, coordinate; chain; bind; cap-. 

tivate. — v.r. be linked, be connected, etc. 
enchanter, v.t. enchant; delight. 
enchanteur, a. enchanting, delightful. 
enchftsser, v.t. insert, set, set in; enshrine. 
enchfissare, /. insertion, etc. (see enchftsser). 
enchaossenage, m. (Leather) liming. 
enchaussener, enchaussumer, v.t. lime 

enchaussenolr, enchaassumoir, m. (Leather) 

lime pit, liming vat. 
enchanx, m. (Leather) lime liquor. 
enchère, /. bid, bidding, auction. 
enchérir, v.t. raise the price of; bid for. — v.%. 

bid; become dearer. 

— 8ur, outbid; 8iu*pass. 
enchérlssement, m. rise, increase (in price). 
cncheTaucher, v.t. rabbet. 
enchevêtrement, m. entangling; interlace- 

enchCTêtrer, v.t. entangle, tangle, (of crystals) 
interlace; halter. — v.r. become entangled 
or interlaced. 

endrer, v.t. wax; oil (cloth). 

endanchement, etc. = enclenchement, etc. 

encfalTe, /. boundary; enclosure; recess. 

encfaiTer, v.t. inclose, enclose; fit, lock, let in, 
wedge, key. 

enclenchement, m. throwing into gear, engag- 
ing, locking; engaging gear, locking gear. 

enclencher, v.t. throw into gear, engage, lock. 

enclin, a. inclined. 

encllqaetage, m. ratchet mechanism or gear. 

— à frottement, friction catch. 
endore, v.t. inclose, enclose, include. 
endos, p.a. inclosed, included. — m. inclosure. 
endame, /. anvil. 

enelameaa, endnmot, m., endumette, /. 
small anvil. 


/. notch. 

encochement, m. notching. 

encocher, v.t. notch. 

encoirrer, v.t. inclose; hoard. 

encoignure, encognure, /. comer, angle; 

encollage, m. sizing; size; gumming. 

encoller, v.t. sise; gum. 

encoUeur, m. siser. 

encolleuse, /. sising machine, siser. 

encoUure, /. (Metal.) welding point. 

encombrant, p. a. obstructing, encumbering; 
cumbersome, bulky. 

encombre, m. obstacle, impediment. 

encombrement, m. obstruction; encum- 
brance; congestion; space occupied or re- 

encombrer, v.t. obstruct; encumber. 

encontre. In the phrases: à V encontre, to the 
contrary, in the opposite sense; à rencon- 
tre de, counter to, contrary to, against. 

encore, encor, adv. still, yet, besides, also, 

— que, tho, altho. 
encouder, v.t. bend into an elbow. 
encourageant, p.a. encouraging. 
encouragement, m. encouragement. 
encourager, v.t. encourage. 
encourir, v.t. incur. 

encouru, p.a. incurred. 
encrage, m. inking. 

encrassement, m, fouling, etc. (see encrasser). 
', v.t. foul, make foul or dirty, soil, 
choke (as a filter or a grate). — v.r. be- 
come fouled, dirty or choked, 

— à copier, copying ink. 

— à écrire, writing ink. 

— d marqtier, marking ink. 

— argentée, silver ink. 

— à tampon, ink for pads, stamping ink. 

— copiante, copying ink. 

— de Chine, India ink, China ink. 

— d*imprimerie, — d^impreasion, printing ink, 
printer's ink. 

— dorée, gold ink. 

— dragon, indelible ink. 

— indélébile, indelible ink. 

— noire, black ink. 

— rouge, red ink. 

— sympathique, sympathetic ink. 
encré, p.a, inked. 

encrené, a. (Metal.) twice heated and hammered. 

encrenée, /. iron twice heated and hammered. 

encrer, v.t. ink. 

encreur, a. inking. 

encrier, m. inkstand; ink block. 

encrlvore, a. ink-removing, ink-destroying. 

encroûtement, m. incrusting; incrustation, 






encroûta» «J. incnut; plaster. — «.r. become 

eneolTrage, m. (of fireamiB) metal fouling. 

encuvi^ie» m. putting into a vat, tub or tank. 

encuTemeiit» m. — encuvage; hollow, depres- 

encaver, v.t. put into a vat, tub or tank. 

encyelle, /. one of a series of concentric rings. 

encyclopédie» /. encyclopedia. 

encyclopêdlqae, a. encyclopedic. 

endaubAge, m. preserved meat, tinned beef. 

endaaber, v.t. preserve, tin, can (meat). 

endécanlMque, a. hendecanitro. 

endenter» v.t. provide with teeth, tooth, cog; 
scarf; dovetail. 

endiguer, v.t. dam, dam up, dam in. 

endocellolalre, a. endocellular. 

endochrôme* m. (Bot.) endochrome. 

endogène» a. (Biol.) endogenous. — m. en- 

endommager» v.t. damage. 

endoplasme, m. (Biol.) endoplasm. 

endormir, v.t. put to sleep; lull, calm. 

endosmomètre, m. endosmometer. 

endosmose» /. endosmosis, endosmose. 

endosmottqae, a. endosmotic. 

endosperme» m. (Bot.) endosperm. 

endospermlqae, a. (Bot.) endospermio. 

endossa» v.t. indorse; put on. 

endottaermlque, a. endothermic. 

endotoxlne, /. endotoxin. 

endotryptase, /. endotryptase. 

endroit» m. place; locality; side, point; right 
side (of a fabric); passage (in a book). 
à V — de, with respect to, with regard to. 
à son — , with regard to it (him, her). 

endalre, v.t. coat, cover, treat, overlay, dope. 

enduisant» of enduire. 

enduit, m. coat, coating, layer; (something 
used for coating) wash, paint, plaster, etc. ; 
(for airplanes) dope; (Ceram.) glaze, glaz- 
ing. — pr. 3 sing. & p.p. of enduire. 

— de noir, blacking; (Founding) black wash. 
endurcir, v.t. harden. — v.r. become hardened, 

endurcissement, m. hardening. 
endurer, v.t. endure; allow, permit. 
énergétique, a. energetic; energy-producing. 
énergie, /. energy. 

— chimique, chemical energy. 

— cinétique, kinetic energy. 

— libre, free energy. 

— mécanique, mechanical energy. 

— thermique, heat energy, thermal energy. 

— utilisable, available energy. 
énergique, a. energetic. 
énergiquement, adv. energetically. 
enfalter, v.t. fill (a glass pot) properly so that 

the batch in it has a rounded top; cover 
the ridge of (a rooO- 

enfinee» /. infancy, childhood. 
enfant» m. & /. child; infant. 
enfantement» m. childbirth. 
enfanter» v.t. bring forth, give birth to. 
enfer» m. hell. 

— de Boyle, a vessel for heating mercury, de- 
vised by Boyle. 

enfermer» v.t. confine; inclose; include, con- 
tain; lock up, shut up, shut in. 
enfiler» v.t. render bitter; embitter. 
enflévré» a. feverish. 
enfilade» /. row, series, sequence; suite. 
enfiler» v.t. thread; string; thread on; go 

along (a road); begin on; head (pins). 
enfilure» /. row, series, string; stringing. 
enfin» adv. in short, at last, finally. 
enflammé» p.a. ignited, set on fire; burning, 

on fire; inflamed. 
enflammer» v.t. set fire to, ignite, kindle. 

— v.r. take fire, ignite. 
enflé» p.a. inflated, swollen, sweUed, puffed up, 

enflement, m. inflation, etc. (see enfler). 
enfler» v.t. inflate, swell, blow up, puff out; 

bloat; exaggerate. — v.r. swell, swell up, 

be inflated, (of waters) rise. 
enfleurage, m. (Perfumery) enfleurage. 
enfleurer» v.t. impregnate (fatty substances) 

with the odorous principles of flowers, 
enflure, /.inflation, swelling, swell; tumor; pride. 
enfoncé, p.a. sunk, sunken, etc. (see enfoncer) ; 

enfoncement, m. sinking, etc. (see enfoncer); 

recess; hollow; depth. 
enfoncer, v.t. sink, lower, plunge; drive (in); 

break in, break open; deepen; bottom 

(casks). — v.r. sink; plunge. 
enfonçure» /. hollow, hole, cavity, depression; 

bottom (of a cask). 
enformw» v.t. shape, fashion. 
enfouir» v.t. bury. 
enfourchement» m., enfourchure» /. fork, 

enfournement» enfournage» m., enfournée» 

/. putting in a furnace or oven. 
enfourner, v.t. put in the furnace or oven; 

start, begin. — v.r. start, enter (into). 

— en échappade, (Ceram.) put into compart- 
ments in the kiln (cf. échappade). 

enfourneur, m. one who puts something into 

a furnace or kiln; (Glass) pot filler; 

(Ceram.) oven man, kiln man. 
enfreignant» of enfreindre. 
enfk«lndre, v.t. infringe, violate. 
enfui, p.p. of enfuire. 
enfuir, v.r. leak, escape, rim out; run away; 

enfumage, m. smoking, etc. (see enfmner); 

(Ceram.) heating to about 100** to expel 


Digitized by 





enfamer» v.t. smoke; fill with smoke; smoke 
out; intoxicate. — v.r, be smoked. 

enfataiJler, enfûter, v.t. cask, barrel, tun. 

enfuyant, of enfuire. 

engagement» m. engagement, etc. (see en- 

engager» v.t. engage; insert; begin; invite; 
urge; induce; pawn. — v.r. engage one- 
self; begin; get entangled; enter; enlist. 

engallage» m. galling (see engiJler). 

engaUer» v.t. gall, impregnate with gallnut 

engeance» /. breed. 

engendrement» m. production, formation; 

engendrer» v.t. produce, form, generate; breed, 
beget; cause. — v.r. be produced; be bred. 

engin» m. device, appliance, engine, instru- 
ment, gear; hoist, windlass. 

— de lancement, — de mise de feu, firing 

englober, v.t. include; envelop; unite; blend. 

engloatir» v.t. swallow up. 

englnage» m. = engluement. 

engloanter, v.t. — engluer. 

eni^ement, m. coating with glue or glutinous 
material, liming. 

engluer» v.t. coat with glue or glutinous ma- 
terial (as tar), lime. 

engobage» m. (Ceram.) coating with engobe; 
specif., slip painting. 

engobe» /. (jCeram.) engobe (slip or paste ap- 
plied in a thin layer over a body of different 

engober, v.t. (Ceram.) coat with engobe. 

engommage» m. gumming; (Ceram.) glazing. 

engommer» v.t. gum; {Ceram.) glaze. 

engorgement» m. stopping up, etc. (see engor- 

engorger» v.t. stop up, choke, choke up, ob- 
struct, congest. — v.r. be stopped up, etc. 

engouffrer, o.t. ingulf. — v.r. be ingulfed; (of 
water, wind, etc.) rush (into). 

engourdir» v.t. numb, benumb; dull, deaden. 

engourdissement» m. torpor; numbness; 

engrais» m. fertilizer, manure; fattening feed 
or pasture. 

— azote, nitrogenous fertilizer. 

— chimique, chemical fertihzer. 

— Choako, a fertilizer made by precipitating 
liquid manure (e^iux vannea) with magne- 
siiun and iron sulfates. 

— complet, complete fertilizer. 

— composé, mixed fertilizer. 

— d'o8, bone fertilizer, bone meal. 

— flamand, liquid manure made from human 

— phosphaté, phosphate fertilizer. 

— potassique, potash fertilizer. 

engraissage» m. fertilizing, etc. (see engraisser). 

engraissé» p.a. fertilized; fattened, fat; 
greasy; enriched. 

engraissement» m. = engraissage; fertilizer. 

engraisser, v. t. fertilize, manure; fatten; 
grease, oil; soil with grease. — v.r. fatten, 
grow fat; (of liquids) thicken. — v.i. 
fatten; thrive. 

engrenage» m. gear, gearing, train of wheels, 
wheel work; stowage (of casks); compli- 
à — , geared. 

— à vis sans fin, worm gear. 

— conique, bevel gear. 

— cyUndrique, — droit, spur gear. 
engrènement» m. engaging, etc. (see engrener). 
engrener» v.t. engage, gear, put into gear; 

tooth, indent; feed with grain; begin. 
— v.r. gear, be in gear, catch, be put in 
gear. — v.t. be in gear; begin. 

engrenure, /. gearing, catching; toothing, 

cngrumeler, v.t., r. & i. clot, coagulate. 

enhydre, a. (Afin.) enhydrous, containing 
water in cavities. 

énigme, /. enigma. 

enivrant, p.a. intoxicating. 

enivrement, m. intoxication. 

enivrer, v.t. intoxicate. 

enkysté, a. encysted. 

enlacer, v.t. lace, enlace, interlace, entwine. 

enlevage, m. (Calico) discharge, discharging. 

enlèvement» m. removing, removal, etc. (see 

enlever, v.t. remove, take away, carry away, 
take off, take out; (Calico) discharge; lift 
up; buy up; take. — v.r. be removed, 
etc.; come out, come off; rise, be lifted; 
be sold. 

enluminer, v.t. color; illuminate; flush, red- 

enluminure, /. coloring; colored print. 

ennemi, m. enemy. — a. hostile. 

ennoblir, v.t. ennoble. 

ennui, m. ennui, tedium; grief; care. 

ennuyant, à. tiresome, tedious. 

ennuyer» v.t. tire, weary, annoy. — v.r. grow 
weary. — v.i. be annoying. 

énoncé» p.a. stated, etc. (see énoncer). — m. 
statement, enunciation, declaration, ex- 

énoncer, v.t. state, enunciate, declare, express. 

énonclatlon, /. statement, enimciation, ex- 
pression; proposition. 

énorme, a. enormous. 

érormément, adv. enormously. 

énormlté, /. enormousness; absurdity; eQor* 

énouer, v.t. burl (cloth). 

enquérir, v.r, inquirç, 

ijigiiizea Dy 


enquête 132 

enquête* /. inquiry, investigation. 

enqaiert» jn*. 3 sing, of enquérir. 

enquls, p.p. of enquérir. 

enradner, v.t. root. — v.r. root, be rooted. 

enragé» a. mad; raging, furious. — m. mad- 


ennyage, enrayement, m. checking, etc. (see 

enrayer» v.t. check, restrain; stop, jam (ma- 
chinery); brake; lock (as a wheel) ; spoke 
(a wheel). — v.r. (of machinery) stop, fail 
to work, jam. 

enregistrement» m. registration, registering, 
recording, record; registry. 

enregistrer» v.t. register, record. 

enregistreur» m. register, registering device. 

— o. registering. 

enrichir» v.t. enrich. — v.r. be enriched. 

enriehlssement» m. enrichment. 

enrobage» m. covering, coating; (Micros.) 

enrober» v.t. cover, coat; specif., cover with 
a protecting envelope (as foods with gelatin 
or paraffin) ; (Micros.) embed. 

enrochage» m. caking, hardening (of gun- 
powder or the like). 

enrochement» m. caking, hardening (as of gun- 
powder); enrockment, riprap. 

enrocher» v.t. & r. cake, harden. 

enroulllé» p.a. rusted, rusty. 

enrouiller» v.t. & r. rust. 

enroulage» enroulement, m. winding (as of 
a dynamo or of thread) ; rolling, rolling up. 

— en dèrioaHor^t (Elec.) shunt winding. 

— en série, (fi>/«c.) series winding. 
enroula» v.t. wind (wire, etc.); roll, roll up. 

— v.r. be wound; be rolled. 
ensabler» v.t. sand. 
ensachage» m. bagging, sacking. 
ensacher» v.t. bag, sack, put into sacks. 
ensafiranw» v.t. dye with saffron, ensafifron. 
ensanglanter» v.t. stain with blood. 
enseigne» /. sign; flag; ensign. 
enseignement» m. instruction, teaching. 
enseigner» v.t. teach, instruct; show. 
enseigneur» m. teacher, instructor. 
ensemble» adv. together, at the same tims. 

— m. ensemble, whole, aggregate, general 
effect or compass; imity. 

ensemencement m. sowing, seeding; scatter- 
ing; (Med.) inoculation. 

ensemencer» v.t. sow, seed; scatter Oike seed). 

enserrer, v.t. contain; inclose; squeeze. 

ensilage, m. storing in a silo. 

ensiler, v.t. store in a silo. 

ensllotage, enslloter. See ensilage, ensiler. 

ensimage, m. oiling (of wool, cloth, etc.). 

enslmer, v.t. oil, grease (wool, cloth, etc.). 

ensoufker» v.t. sulfur, sulfurisé, treat with 

ensonfrolr» m. sidfuring stove; place in which 
articles are bleached with the vapor of 
burning sulfur. 

ensucrer» v.t. sugar. 

ensulfer, v.t. tallow, treat with tallow. 

ensuit» pr. 3 sing, oif ensuivre. 

ensuite» adv. then, next, afterward. 

— dc, after. 
ensuivre» v.r. follow, ensue. 
entacher» v.t. vitiate; taint, contaminate. 
entaUle» /. mark, graduation mark; out, 

groove, score, notch, nick, jag, slash. 

— repère, guide mark, guide notch. 
entailler» v.t. cut, score, groove, notch, t^ash. 
entalUure» /. - entaiUe. 

entame» /. « entamure. 

entamer» v.t. begin on, open up; begin cutting 
cut into, cut the first piece from; touch; 
cut (slightly), incise; injure; encroach 
on; prevail on or over. 

entamure» /. cut, incision; first piece or quan- 
tity cut. 

entartrage» m. incrustation, scale. 

entartré, a. covered with scale. 

entartrer, v.r. become covered with scale. 

entassement» m. heap, pile, mass; heaping, 
piling, massing. 

entMser» v.t. heap, pile, pile up, mass. — v.r, 
be heaped, etc. ; accumulate; crowd. 

entendre» v.t. hear; hear of; mean; under- 
stand. — v.r. be heard; be understood; 
agree; understand. — v.i. hear. 

— d, hear to, consent to. 

entendu» p.a. heard, understood, etc. (see en- 
tendre); capable, intelligent; OTdered, 
bien — , see under bien. 

entente» /. understanding, agreement; mean- 
ing; intelligence, ability; entente. 

entéroldnase» /. enterokinase. 

enterrement» m. burying, burii^. 

enterrer, v.t. bury. 

en-tête» m. heading (of reading matter). 

entêté, a. stubborn; affected with headache; 
intoxicated; infatuated. 

enthousiasme, m. enthusiasm. 

enthousiasmer, v.t. fill with enthusiasm. 

enthousiaste» m. dt f. enthusiast. — a. en- 

entier, a. entire; whole, integral (numbers); 
self-willed, obstinate. — m. whole, en- 
tirety, total, totality; (Arith.) integer. 
en — , whole, entire; wholly, entirely, fully, 
in full. 

entièrement» adv. entirely, wholly, fully. 

entoilé» a. cloth-covered; mounted on cloth. 

entonnage, entonnement, m., entonnalson» 
/. barrding, tunning, putting in casks. 

entonner, v.t. b^rel, tun, put in casks; swal" 
low; intone, sing. 

uigitizea Dy 





entonnerle, /. (firewino) place where oasks or 

kegs are filled. 
entonnoir, m. funnel, (MU.) crater. 

en — t funnel-ehaped, funnel-like, infundi- 

— à boule, bulbed funnel; bulb-ehaped fun- 
nel, separating funnel. 

— à brome, bromine funnel. 

— à fiUrer à chaud, — à fiUroHon chaude, 
funnel for hot filtration, hot water (hot air, 
steam) funnel. 

— ajouré, openwork funnel, filtering basket 
(funnel with large holes in its sides). 

— à longue doiOlle, long-etemmed funnel. 

— à mercure, mercury funnel (bulb-shaped, 
with stem drawn out). 

— à robinet, funnel with stopcock. 

— à eéparation, separating funnel, separa- 
tory funnel. 

— à tamie, sieve funnel, funnel containing a 

— cannelé, channeled funnel, ribbed funnel. 

— en gréa, stoneware funnel. 

— en porcelaine, porcelain funnel. 

— en verre, glass funnel. 

— fiUrateur, filtering funnel. 

— percé de trou», perforated funnel. 

entorse» /. strain, sprain; shock. 

entortiller» v. t. twist; wrap up, wrap; en- 
tangle. — v.r. twist, twine, wind; get en- 

entour, m. environ; associate, 
d V — , in the vicinity. 

entonrmge* m. (something that surrounds) 
case, casing, border, frame, mounting, set- 
ting; surroundings, entourage. 

entourer, v.t. surround, encircle. 

en-toat-cas, m. * en-cas. 

entrailles, entrails, intestines, bowels; 
womb; heart, core. 

entralnable, a. capable of being carried away. 

entraînement, m. carrying away, etc. (see en- 
trainer); {Mach.) communicating gear; 
enthusiasm; impulse. 

— à la vapeur, distillation with steam. 
entraîner, v.t. carry away, carry along, carry 

over (in distillation), carry down (in pre- 
cipitation), sweep away; involve; win, 
captivate; train. 

entraTe, /. hindrance, obstacle, trammel. * 

entraTer, v.t. hinder, impede, fetter. 

entre, prep, between; among. 
par — , between. 

entre-, inter, reciprocally, mutually, each 
other, one another. 

entre-batn», v.t. open partly, set ajar. 

e n tre* e hoqner, v.r. collide, encounter one an- 
other, dash, conflict. 

entrecouper, «.(. intersect; interrupt; inter- 

entre-cffoiser, entreerolser, v.t. A r. inter* 

cross, intersect, interweave. 
entre-deux, entredeux, m. part or space 

between, interval, middle, partition. 

— adv. indifferently, so-so. 

entrée, /. entrance, entiy, inlet, admission, in- 
gress, opening (into) ; mouth (of a stream) ; 

entrefer, entre-fer, m. CElec.) air gap. 

entrdtaicement, m. interlacing, interlacement, 
interweaving, intertwining. 

entrelacer, v.t. interlace, interweave, inter- 
twine, twine, braid. 

entre-iulre, entrelnlre, v.t. shine feebly. 

entremêlement, m. intermixing, intermixture. 

entremêler, v.t. intermix, intermingle, mix. 

entremise, /. intervention, interposition, medi- 
ation, medium, agency. 

entreposage, m. storage; placing in bond. 

entreposer, v. t. store, deposit, warehouse; 
place in bond. 

entieposeur, m. warehouse keeper; bonded 
warehouse keeper. 

entreposltaire, m. bonder; depositary. 

entrepot, m. warehouse; bonded warehouse; 

entreprenant, p.a. enterprising; venturesome. 

entreprendre, v.t. underûUce, attempt; attack. 

— v.i. encroach; make an attack (on). 
entrepreneur, m. contractor, employer, one 

who engages to carry out an enterprise. 
entrepris, p.p. of entreprendre. 
entreprise, /. undertaking, project, enterprise; 

contract; establishment; encroachment. 
entrer, v.i. enter; be admitted. — v.t. enter, 

bring in, put in, insert; import. 
— en ligne de comptç, enter into account, be 

worth considering. 
entre-temps, m. mean time, interval. — adv. 

(also entaretemps) meantime, meanwhile. 
entretenir, v. t. maintain, keep, keep up; talk 

with, converse with. — v.r. be maintained, 

be kept, be kept up; maintain oneself, sup- 

X)ort oneself; support each other; talk, 

entretien, m. maintenance; upkeep; repair; 

care; support; supply; clothing, clothes; 

talk, conversation. 
entretient, pr. s eing. of entretenir. 
entretolse, /. crosspiece, crossbar, stay, tie, rib, 

girder, bracing; stay bolt. 
entrevit, p.def. s aing. of entrevoir. 
entreToftr, v.t. suspect (as a new element) ; see 

or foresee dimly, catch a glimpse of. 
entrevoyant, of entrevoir. 
entrevu, p.p. of entrevoir. 
entrofrte, /. entropy. 

entr'ouTert, p.a. opened, open; half-open. 
entr'ouYrlr, v.t. open, spread open; open 

partly. — v.r. open, spread open; half-open. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





énninérw, v.t. enumerate. 

enTahir, v.t. invade, overrun. 

envahissement, m. invasion. 

envaser, v.t. fill up with mud or silt. 

enveloppant, p.a. enveloping. 

enveloppe, /. envelope; cover, covering, wrap- 
ping; casing, case, jacket; appearance. 

enveloppement, m. envelopment, enveloping, 
wrapping, etc. (see envelopper). 

envelopper, v.t. envelop; wrap up, inclose, sur- 
round, cover; involve. 

enversore, /. extent, spread (as of wings). 

enverra, ftU. 3 sing, of envoyer. 

enverrage, m. (Glass) addition of cullet to the 
pots in order to facilitate fusion. 

enverrer, v.t. add cullet to (see enverrage). 

envers, m. reverse, back side, wrong side. 
— prep, toward, to, with regard to. 
à V — , wrong side out, upside down, wrong. 

envie, /. envy; longing, desire. 

envier, v.t. envy; long for, desire. 

envieux, a. envious; desirous. 

environ, adv. about. 

environner, v.t. surround, encompass. 

environs, environs, suburbs. 

envisager, v.t. regard, consider; face. 

envoi, m. sending, shipment; parcel or goods 
sent, shipment; envoy. 

— contre remboursement^ C.O.D. shipment. 

— franco, sent free. 
envoie, pr. 3 sing- of envoyer. 

en voiler, v.r. warp, bend (in tempering). 
envoler, v.r. fly, fly away, fly off. 
envoyer, v.t. send; send forth. 

— chercher, send for. 
envoyeur, m. sender. 
enzymatlque, a. enzyipic, enzymatic. 
enzyme, /. enzyme. 

éoeène, a. & to. (ffeol.) Eocene. 

éollpile, éollpyle, m. eolipile, œolipile. 

éosine, /. eosin. 

éosinophile, a. (Bid.) eosinophil (e). 

épaillage, m. removal of straw and other vege- 
table material from wool or wool cloth, 
either mechanically or chemically (in the 
latter case called carbonizing); stripping 
(sugar cane) of the lower leaves; cleaning 
(of gold). 

épailler, v.t. deprive (wool, or wool cloth) of 
vegetable matter (see épaillage) ; strip (sugar 
cane) of the lower leaves; clean (gold). 

épais, a. thick. — TO. thickness; (Elec.) density. 

épaisseur, /. thickness. 

épaissir, v.t., r. & i. thicken. 

épaississant, p.a. thickening. — to. thickener, 
thickening agent. 

épaississement, to. thickening; thickness. 

épanchement, to. effusion; outpouring. 

épancher, v.t. pour out, effuse. — v.r. be 
çff Vised, (Med.) be oKtravasated; overflow. 

épandage, m. spreading; scattering; distribu- 
tion; shedding; (Sewage) disposal oC 
sewage by flowing it upon land, land treat- 
ment, irrigation. 

épandre, v.t. spread; scatter, distribute; shed. 

— v.r. spread. 

épanouir, v.t. open, expand; cause to bloom. 

— v.r. expand, spread; open, bloom. 
épanouissement, to. expansion, spread, splay; 

opening (of flowers) ; (EUc.) pole piece. 
épargne, /. economy, tluift; savings. 
épargner, v.t. spare; save, economize. 
éparpiUement, to. scattering. 
éparpiller, v.t. scatter. ^ 
épars, o. scattered; sparse. — to. bar, crossbar. 
épaule, /. shoulder. 

épaulement, m. shoulder; (MU.) epaulment. 
épauler, v.t. support, aid; shoulder. 
épeautre, to. (Bot.) spelt. 
épée, /. sword. 
épeler, v.t. spell. 
épellation, /. spelling. 
éperon, m. spur; buttress; breakwater. 
éperonner, v.t. spur, spur on. 
épOTVière, /. (Bot.) hieracium, hawkweed; 

specif., (Phafm.) rattlesnake weed (Hiera- 
cium venosum). 
éphémère, a. ephemeral. 
épi, TO. ear, head (of grain); spike; tuft; jetty; 

épiage, épiation, /. earing, heading (of grain). 
épioe, /. spice. 

épicé, p.a. spiced; pungent, biting. 
épicer, v.t. spice. 
épicerie, /. groceries (spices, tea, coffee, sugar, 

etc.); grocery (shop); grocery business. 
éplchlorhydrine, /. epichlorohydrin. 
épicier, TO. grocer (dealer in spices, sugar, 

coffee, etc.). 
épidémie, /. epidemic. 
épidémlqne, a. epidemic. 
épiderme, to. (Anat.) epidermis. 
épidote, TO. (Min.) epidote. 
épierrer, v.t. remove stones from. 
épierreur, to., épierrense, /. stone remover. 
épiguanine, /. epiguanine. 
épllage, TO., epilation, /. epilation, depilation, 

épllatolre, a. & to. epilatory, depilatory. 
épiler, v.t. epilate, eradicate (hair). 
épilobe, TO. (Bot:) willow-herb. 
épinage, to. (Soap) drawing off of the aqueous 

layer after the soap has been salted out. 
épinard, m. spinach. 
épinceler, éplnceter, éplncer, v.t. burl 

épine, /. thorn; spine; (Soap) a tube used to 

draw off the aqueous layer from beneath 

the soap; (Metal.) a sharp point on the 

surface of metallic copper. 

uigitlzed by 





éplnéplirlne» /. epinephrine (adrenaline). 

éf^neait a. thorny, spiny, prickly. 

épine-Tlnette, /. (Bot) barberry. 

éplni^e, /. pin. 

épingler, v.t. pin; prick. 

épinglette, /. priming wire; pricker. 

épinière, a. spinal. 

éplpastlque, a. (Pharm.) epipastic. 

episardne» /. episarcine. 

épispasttqne, a. <& m. (Phann.) epispastic. 

éptsser, v.U splice. 

épister, v.t. reduce to paste (by grinding). 

éplthéllome, m. (Med.) epithelioma. 

éplnchage* m. picking; scrutiny. 

éplucher, v.t. pick, clean; scrutinize; weed. 

éplnetaure, /. pickings, leavings, parings, etc. 

épointer, v.t. break the point of; point. 

éponge, /. sponge. 

— de plaHne, platinum sponge (specif., puri- 
fied material as distinguished from mouatê 
de plaHne). 

éponseage, m. sponging. 
éponger, v.t. sponge. 
époque, /. epoch. 
éponsor, v.t. espouse. 
époassetoge, m. dusting. 
époasseter, v.t. dust. 
époasseteax, a. dusting, dust-removing. 
époassetoir, m. small dusting brush. 
époassette, /. duster, dustbrush, dustcloth. 
épouti, m. foreign matter in wool cloth. 
épontler, époutlr, v.t. burl (cloth). 
épouYantoble, a. frightful, dreadful. 
épouvanter, v.t. frighten, terrify, dismay. 
épreignant, of épreindre. 
éprelndre, v.t. express, press, squeeze. 
épreint, p.a. expressed, pressed, squeezed. 

— pr. S nng. of épreindre. 
épreuTe, /. test; trial; experiment; proof; 

à V — , on trial. 

à V — de, proof against. 

à V — de Veau, waterproof. 

à V — du feu, fireproof. 

— à chaud, hot test. 

— à froid, cold test. 

— à outrance, resistance test, breakisg test, 
bursting test. 

— de chaleur, heat test. 

— de durée, endurance test. 

— de pression, pressure test. 

— dressai, test. 

éprouTer, v.t. test; try, prove; eq>erience, 

undergo; feel. 
éltfOUTette, /. cylinder (narrow upright vessel, 

usually of glass); gage; test bar, test piece; 

(Assaying) éprouvette, small spoon for 

fluxes; probe. 

— à cuvette supérieure, cylinder with enlarged 
top, hydrometer jar. 

éprouvette à dessécher les gaz, drying cylinder, 
drying tower, calcium chloride jar. 

— à pied, cylinder with foot, cylinder. 

-^ à rainure, cylindw with a vertical channel 
for a thermometer. 

— divisée, — graduée, graduated cylinder. 
épuisable, a. exhaustible. 

épuisant, p.a. exhausting. 

épuisé, p.a. exhausted, spent; out of print. 

épuisement, m. exhaustion. 

épuiser, v.f. exhaust; extract; spend; drain. 

épulpeur, m. (Sugar) an apparatus formerly 
used for extracting beet juice from the 

épurateur, m. purifier; specif., scrubber; re- 
finer (as of oils); cleaner. — a. purifying, 
refining, cleaning. 

épuratlf, a. purifying, purificative. 

épuration, /. purification, purifying; refining; 
scrubbing (of gases) ; cleaning; refinement. 

épuratoire, a. purifying, purificatory. 

épuré, p.a. purified; refined; pure. 

épurement, m. purification, refinement. 

épurer, v.t. purify; refine; scrub (gases); dean, 
cleanse. — v.r. be purified, etc. 

éq., abbrev. (équivalent) equivalent. 

équarrir, v.t. square; cut up (animals). 

équarrissage, m. squaring; cutting up of ani- 
mals (e^. old horses, mules, etc.), knacker's 

équateur, m. equator; (cap.) Ecuador. 

équation, /. equation. 

— chimique, chemical equation. 
équerrage, m. bevel, beveling, dihedral angle. 
équerre, /. square; right-angled iron or brace; 

right-angled elbow. 
à — , square, at right angles. 
équerrer, v.t. square; bevel. 
équlangie, a. equiangular. 
equidistant, a. equidistant. 
equilateral, équllatère, a. equilateral. 
équilibrage, m. equilibration, balancing. 
équilibre, m. equilibrium. 

— chimique, chemical equilibrium. 

— mécanique, mechanical equilibrium. 
équilibrer, v.t. equilibrate, balance. 
équlmoléeulaire, a. equimolecular. 
équipage, m. equipment; outfit; gear, gear- 
ing; equipage; crew. 

équipe, /. set, gang, crew, party (of workmen). 
équii>é, p.a. equipped. 
équipement, m. equipment. 
équiper, v.t. equip. 
équlpotentiel, a. equipotential. 
équitable, a. equitable. 
équivalant, of équivaloir. 
équivalemment, adv. in an equivalent man- 
equivalence, /. equivalence, equivalency. 
équivalent, a. dk m. equivalent. 

uigiiizea Dy '' 





éQnlralentlste, m. an adherent of the doctrine 

of equivalents, equivalentist. 
éqnivaleiir, /. equivalence. 
équlTaloIr, v.i. be equivalent. 
equlTaat» pr. s sing, of équivaloir. 
éQUlToqae, a. equivocal. — /. equivocalnen; 

Crable» m. maple (tree or wood). 
erbtne, /. erbia, erbixim oxide. 
erbiam» m.- erbium. 
erbae, /. clay used as a flux. 
teCf /. era. 
éreetton, /. erection. 
érepsine, /. erepsin. 
efgot» m. ergot; spur. 

— de seiolet ergot of rye. 

«rgoté, a. ergoted, spurred (as rye) ; spurred. 

ergottne» /. ergotinine; (Pharm.) ergotin. 

ergotlnlne, /. ergotinine. 

ergottqoe, a. ergotic. 

érieseé, a. (fiot.) ericaceous. 

ériger» v.t. erect. 

ériséffon, m. (fiot.) erigeron. 

ernollttae, m. emolith (a plastic composition). 

éroder» v.t. erode. 

érosif, a. erosive. 

éfoslon» /. erosion. 

errant, a. wandering, errant. 

emttqae, a. erratic. 

errer» v.t. err; wander. 

erreur» /. error. 

— de lecture, error in reading. 
erroné, a. erroneous. 
erronément, adv. erroneously. 
éruglneux» a. eruginous, œruginouB. 
érupttf» a. eruptive. 

éruption» /. eruption. 
éryttaème» m. (Med.) ersrthema. 
érîrtbrine, /. erythrin. 
érythrite, /. erythrol, ers^hritol, ersrthrite. 
érythrodextrine, /. «ythrodextrin. 
érythrophléine, /. erythrophleine. 
érytbrophylle, /. (Bot,) er3^hrophyll(in). 
érythroxyle, m. (fiot.) any member of the genus 

eg» pr. £ sing, of 6tre. 
es» prep, in the. 

esc.» cûjbrev. (escompte) discount. 
escalier, m. staircase, stairs. 
escarbille» /. (coal) cinder. 
escarboude, /. (Mtn.) carbuncle. 
escargot, m. snail; spiral; spiral staircase. 

en — , spiral. 
escarner» v.t. flesh (hides). 
escarpé» a. steep; escarped. 
Escaut, m. Scheldt (river). 
eschare» /. {Med.) eschar, scab. 
esctael» n. eschel (variety of smalt). 
esclavage, m. slavery. 
eselaTe, m. A /. slave. — a. slave; slavish. 

escompte, m. {Com.) discount. 

escompter, v.t. discount. — v.r. be discounted. 

escope, /. scoop. 

escoupe, /. round shovel, scoop. 

escuUne, /. esculin, œsculin. 

ésérine, /. eserine ô^l^^sostigmine). 

espace, m. space. 

— doe, closed (or inclosed) space. 

— mort, dead space. 

espacement, m. spacing, distance, interval. 

espacer» v.t. space, place at a distance apart» 

Espagne, /. Spain. 

espagnol, a. Spanish. — m. Spanish (lan- 
guage); {cap.) Spaniard. 

espèce, /. species; kind, sort; {pi.) specie. 

— chimique, chemical species. 
espérance, /. hope. 

espérer, v.t. hope, hope for, expect. — v.i. 

espoir, m. hope, expectation. 
esiwit, m. spirit; mind; wit. 

— de hoia, wood spirit. 

— de camphre, {Pharm.) spirit of camphor. 

— de cannelle, {Pharm.) spirit of cinnamon. 

— de Mindèrérue, {Pharm.) spirit of Mindere- 
rus, solution of ammonium acetate. 

— de nitre, spirit of niter. 

— de pitrcle, petroleum spirit. 

— de raifort composé, {Pharm.) compovnd 
spirit of horseradish. 

— de sel, spirit of salt (old name for hydro^ 
chloric acid). 

— de eel ammoniac, spirit of sal ammoniac 
(old name for aqueous ammonia). 

— de vin, spirit of wine, (ethyl) alcohol. 

— de vinaigre, glacial acetic acid. 

— de vitritd, spirit of vitriol (old name for 
sulfuric acid, esp. when somewhat diluted). 

— d'orange composé, {Pftarm.) compound 
spirit of orange. 

— pyroadtique, pjrroaoetic spirit (old name 
for acetone). 

— pyroligneux, — pyroxylique, pyroligneous 
spirit, pyroxylic spirit (wood spirit, wood 

esprit-de-rin, m. spirit of wine, alcohol. 

esqulUe, /. splinter (of bone). 

esqulUeux, a. splintery. 

esqulne, /. chinaroot (rootstock of SmUax 

esquisse, /. sketch, outline. 

esquisser, v.t. sketch, outline. 

esqulTcr» v.t. evade. 

essai, m. test; testing; analjnsis; sample, por- 
tion; assay, assajring; trial, proof; essay; 

— à blanc, blank test. 

— à chaud, hot test. 

— à froid, cold test. 

uigitized by 




à la touche, drop test, spot test, touch 

— de dvrée, endurance test. 

— de preseion, pressure test. 

— par voie humide^ wet analysis, analysis by 
the wet method, wet test, wet assay. 

— par vote eèche, dry analysis, dry test, dry 

emaymge, m. testing, etc. (see essayer). 

MMiy«» v.t. test; assay; analyse; try. 

esnyerle, /. assay laboratory, assay office. 

esnyeur, m. assayer. 

esse, /. the letter S; S-shaped object; wire 

essémln»» v.t. disseminate, scatter. 

essence, /. (essential) oil; specif., oil of tur- 
pentine; essence; any volatile liquid; 
spedf., gasoline, petrol; (of trees) species, 
variety. (English usage tends to restrict 
the word "essence " to alcoholic solutions 
of essential oils, altho it is sometimes used 
of the oils themselves and of other volatile 

— anglaiee, an American oil of turpentine 
sold in England and Antwerp. 

— anHhyatiriquet {Pharm.) fetid spirit of 

— artificieUe, any artificial substitute for 
essential oils. 

— d^abainûie, où of wormwood. 

— d'amandeê amèree, oil of bitter almond. 

— d*aneth, oil of dill. 

— d^anie, oil of anise. 

— d'automobiUt gasoline, petrol. 

— de bigarade, oil of bitter-OTange peel. 

— de bouleau, — de bétula, oil of sweet birch, 
(nl of betula. 

— de cajeptU, oil of eajuput. 

— de camomille romaine, (Roman) camomile 
oil, iPharm.) oil of chamomile. 

— de cannelle de Chine, oil of cinnamon, oil of 
cassia, oil of Chinese cinnamon. 

— de oarvi, oil of caraway. 

— de ehénopode anthelmintigue, oil of cheno- 
podium, oil of American wormseed. 

— de dtron, oil of lemon. 

— de Cogriac, an artificial mixture of esters 
of fatty adds, used to adulterate brandy. 

— de copahu, oil of copaiba. 

— de coriandre, oil of coriander. 

— de cu6è&e, oil of cubeb. 

— de eucalyptus, oil of eucaljrptus. 

— de fenouà, oil of fennel. 

— de gavUhérie, oil of gaulthma, oil of win- 

— de genièvre, oil of juniper. 

— de hédéoma, oil of hedeoma, oil of penny- 

— de lavande, oil of lavender. 
— - de maU, extract of malt. 


) de menthe, poivrée, oil of peppermint. 

— de menthe verte, oil of spearmint. 

— de miaoulit oil of miaouli (from Melaleuca 

— de mirbanct oil (or essence) of mirbane, 

— de moutardet volatile oil of mustard. 

— de muacade, (volatile) oil of nutmeg, oil of 

— de petit-grain, see under petit-grain. 

— de pHroie, petroleum spirit (a rather loose 
term applied to volatile petrolexmi distil- 

— de Portugal, oil of Portugal (sweet) orange 

— de pouliot américaine, oil of (American) 
pennyroyal, oil of hedeoma. 

— éCirigêron, oil of erigeron, oil of fleabane. 

— de romarin, oil of rosemary. 

— de roee, oil of rose, attar of roses, essence of 

— de aabine, oil of savin. 

— de eantal, oil of santal, oil of sandalwood. 

— de eavon, an alcoholic soap solution. 

— de templine, oil from the cones of the silver 
fir (Abies picea). 

— de térébenthine, oil (or spirit, or essence) of 

— de térébenthine purifiée, (Pharm.) rectified 
oil of turpentine. 

— de thym, oil of thyme. 

— de valériane, oil of valerian. 

— graeee, resinified oil of turpentine, used in 
porcelain painting. 

— indienne, an oil of camphor formerly used 
in painting. 

— minérale, gasoline, petrol. 

— naturelle, essential oil (volatile oil of natu- 
ral origin). 

— rectifiée, (Painting) rectified oil of turpen- 

(For the meaning of other phrases with plant 
names, as essence d'ail, essence d'aepic, etc. 
in which essence means " (essential or vola- 
tile) oil," see the plant name in question.) 
essenelfler, v.t, (Alchemy) essentificate. 
essentiel, a. dk m. essential. 
essentieUement, adv. essentially. 
', v.t. gage (wire). 
1, m. axle, axletree, spindle, pin. 
>, m. flight; progress, advance. 

I, m. drying (see essorer) ; seasoning. 
', v.t. dry (without heating, as by ex- 
posure to air, wringing or centrifugalising) ; 

/. centrifugal machine or apparatus, 
centrifuge, centrifugal drier, centrifugal 
essaie-malns, m. hand towel, toweL 
essuie-plume (s), m. penwiper. 

uigltized by 





essayage, m. wipins. 

essuyantt p.a. wiping; drying; enduring. 

— TO. (Soap) drier. 
essuyer, v.t. wipe, wipe off; dry; endure, stand. 
est, TO. east. — pr. S sing, of être. 
estacade, /. stockade; framework; platform. 
estagnon, m. a copper or tinplate container 

used for transporting oils, etc. 
estamiiage, to. stamping. 
estampe, /. stamp. 
estamper, v.t. stamp. 

estampeuse, /. stamper, stamping machine. 
estamfrillage, to. stamping. 
estampWe, /. stamp; mark; trademark. 
estampiller, v.t. stamp. 
estampllleuse, /. stamping machine, stamp. 
estampoir, to. stamp, punch. 
est-ce que. Used in asking questions: eat-ce 

que le eorp8 fondf does the substance 

estimation, /. estimation; estimate, 
estime, /. estimation; esteem. 
estimer, v.t. estimate; value; esteem. 
estlYal, a. summer, estival, œstival. 
estoc, TO. stock; tuck (a sword). 
estomac, to. stomach. 
estragol, n. estragole. 
estragon, m. (Bot.) tarragon, less commonly 

called estragon (Artemisia drcunmculiu) . 
estraquelie, /. (Gltias) ladle. 
estrasse, /. floss silk. 
estrl^e, to. annealing oven, leer. 
estropier, v.t. mutilate, mangle, cripple. 
estuaire, to. estuary; strand. 
esturgeon, to. (Zool.) sturgeon. 
esule, /. (Bot.) spurge. 
et, conj, and. 
étable, /. stable. 
établi, p.a. established, etc. (see établir). — to. 

bench, workbench; frame (as of a lathe). 
établir, v.t. establish; fix, set, lay, place; erect, 

set up; settle. 
établissement, to. establishment; settlement, 
étage, TO. story, floor; layer; row, tier; degree; 

step; (Mining) level. 
étager, v.t. arrange in rows or tiers. 
étagère, /. shelf; set of shelves. 
étal, TO. stay, prop. 
étaient, imp. 3 pi. of 6tre. 
étaim, TO. fine carded wool. 
étain, TO. tin; pewter vessel; pewttf . 

— battu, tinfoil. 

— de glace, bismuth. 

— en blocs, block tin. 

— en feuiUee, sheet tin. 

— en grenaille, granulated tin. 

— en verges, bar tin. 

— gris, gray tin; (Old Chem.) bismuth. 
étain-grain, to. grain tin. 

était, imp. S sing, of être. 

étal, to. butcher stall (or shop). 

— de boucherie, butcher stall (or shop). 
étaliMSe, TO. display; (of a furnace, pi.) boshes. 
étaler, v.t. spread, spread out; display, show. 

— v.r. spread, spread out: smear; (of ink) 

étalon, TO. standard; stallion. — a. standard: 

(of glassware, etc.) standard, normal. 
étalonnage, étalonnement, m. standardiza- 
tion, standardizing; calibration; gaging; 

stamping, sealing (of weights, etc.). 
étalonner, v.t. standardize; calibrate; gage: 

stamp, seal (weights, etc.). 
étamage, to. tinning, etc. (see étamer) ; tinned 


— au zinc, zincking, galvanizing. 

— des glaces, silvering of mirrors. 

— galvanique, galvanizing. 

étamer, v.t. tin; (in general) coat with a metal, 

plate, silver, galvanize, zinc, etc. 
étamine, f. bolting cloth, tammy ; (Bot.) stamen. 
étampage, m. stamping; swaging. 
étampe, /. stamp; swage; punch; die. 
étamper, v. t. stamp; swage; punch. 
êtamure, /. an alloy used for tinning; the layer 

produced by tinning. 
étanctae, a. tight. 
à —, tight. 

— à la vapeur, — de vapeur, steam-tight. 

— à Veau, — d*eau, water-tight. 
étanchéité, /. tightness. 

étancher, v.t. stop, stanch; make tight; calk; 

quench (thirst). 
étançon, to. prop, stay, stud, shore. 
étang, TO. pond. 
étant, of être. 

— donné, given. 

étape, /. stage; halting place. 
état, m. state; calling, profession, trade; list, 
register; account. 

à V — libre, in the free state. 

en V — , this being the case. 

— critique, critical state. 

— gazeux, gaseous state. 

— naissant, nascent state. 

faire — de, depend on; intend; value. 

faire — que, think, believe. 
état-maJor, to. staff; staff office. 
États-Unis, United States. 
étau, m. vise. 

— à main, — portatif, hand vise. 
étaux, of étau; of étal. 
étayer, v.t. prop, stay, support, shore up. 
été, TO. summer. — p.p. of être (to be). 
éteignant, of éteindre. 

éteindre, v.t. extinguish; put out (fire, lights); 
quench (flame, metals, etc.); slake (lime); 
cancel; dim; allay. — v.r. be extinguished, 
go out, be quenched; become extinct; die; 
die away; be dimmed. 

uigiiizea Dy 





êUkktf p.a. extinguished, slaked, etc. (see 
éteindre); out; faint, dying; extinct. 

— pr. 3 9inff. of éteindre. 

etendftge» m. dilution, diluting; stretching, 
etc. (see étendre); (GUus) flattening; 
(Calico) steaming; (for clothes, etc.) dry- 
ing, drying rack or drying room. 

éteil<lre« v.t. dilute; stretch, stretch out, spread; 
spread out, extend; flatten (window glass). 

— v.r. be diluted; spread, stretch, extend, 
reach; dwell (upon). 

étenda, p.a. dilute, diluted; stretched, etc. 

(see étendre); extensive. 
étendue, /. extension; extent, compass, length. 
étonel, a. eternal. 
étemaement, étomûment» m. sneesing, 

étemuer, v.t. sneese. 

êtes, pr. g pi. of être (to be). 

étêter, v.t. remove the head of; top (trees). 

étbai, m. ethal (cetyl alcohol). 

étliallque, a. palmitic (acid); cetyl (alcohol). 

étbanal, m. ethanal (acetaldehyde). 

ethane» m. ethane. 

étli»ne-dlol, m. ethanediol. 

étbanol, m. ethanol, ethyl alcohol. 

ether, m. ether; ester. (Some French organic 
writers prefer to apply the term *' ether " 
to esters and " oxide " to ethers.) 

— ac6tiqi*e, acetic ester (or, according to old 
usage, acetic ether), specif, ethyl acetate. 
(Other phrases of similar translation need 
not be given here; see the adjectives.) 

— acidet ester; acid ester (corresponding to 
acid salt). 

— amylazoteux, — amylnitretix, amyl nitrite. 

— anestkeaiquBt anesthetic ether (specially 
purified ethyl ether). 

— cusoteuXf nitrous ester, (old usage) nitrous 
ether; specif., ethyl nitrite. 

— cusoteux cUcooliaé, (Phann.) spirit of nitrous 
ether, sweet spirit of niter. 

— azotiguet nitric ester, specif, ethyl ni- 

— ehlorhydrigue, hydrochloric ester, (organic) 
chloride; specif., ethyl chloride, chloro- 

— de pétrole, petroleum ether. 

— éthylique, ethyl ether; ethyl ester. 

— hydriodique, ethyl iodide, iodoethane. ' 

— hydrique, hydric ether (ethyl ether). 

— hydrochlorique, ethyl chloride, chlpro- 

— méthyliodhydrique, methyl iodide, iodo- 

— méthylique, methyl ether; methyl ester. 

— méthylstlicique, methyl silicate. 

— monochlorhydrique, (organic) monochlo- 
ride; specif., ethyl chloride, chloroeth- 

éther nêuir^ neutral ester (as contrasted with 
acid ester); neutral ether (ether having « 
neutral reaction). 

— nilreux, nitrous ester (or ether), specif, 
ethyl nitrite. 

— nitrique, » éther azotique. 

— ogicinal, {Pharm.) purified ether, ether. 

— officinal alcooliei, {Pharm.) spirit of ether. 

— ordinaire, ordinary ether, ethyl ether. 

— pur, (Pharm.) — éther officinal. 

— pyroacètique, pyroacetic ether (old name 
for acetone). 

— ad, ethereal salt, ester. 

— sulfuré, thio ether, sulfur ether, (organic) 

— aulfwrique, sulfuric ether (ordinary or ethyl 
ether) ; sulfuric ester, specif, ethyl sulfate. 

— svlfurique àlcooliaé, (Ptuirtn.) spirit of 

— vinique, old name for ethyl ether. 
éthéré, a. ethereal; specif., pertaining to ethers 

(or to esters), as, dérivé éthéré, ethereal 

éthérène, m. an old name for ethylene. 
étheriflcateur, m. etherifying (or esterifying) 

apparatus, etherifier (or esterifier). 
éthérlflcatlon, /. esterification; etherification* 

(See the note under éther). 
éthérifler, v.t. esterify; etherify. (See ether.) 

— v.r. be esterified, esterify; be etherified. 
éthérique, a. pertaining to ordinary ether, 

ethereal, ether; pertaining to ethers (or to 

etherisation, /. etherification (or esterific«<* 

tion; aee éther); (Afed.) etherisation. 
étheriser, v.t. etherify; esterify; etherise. 
éthéro-alcooUqae, a. ether-alcohol, of or x>er- 

taining to ether and alcohol. 
éthérolat, m. a product obtained by distilling 

ether from aromatic material. 
éthérolatore, /. ethereal tincture. 
éthérolé, in. an ethereal solution of medicinal 

éthérollque, a. (of medicines) having ether as 

the excipients 
éther-oiyde, m. ether, (organic) oxide. 
éther-sel, m, ethereal salt, ester. 
éthlonique, a. ethionic. 
éthlops, m. (Old Chem.) ethiops. 

— martial, ethiops martial (black oxide of 

— minérale, ethiops mineral (black mercuric 

— per ae, black oxide of mercury, mercurouB 

éthoxy-. ethoxy-. 

éthoxyle, m. ethoxyl. 

éthylamlde, /. ethylamine. 

éthyUmIne, /. ethylamine. 

éthylanlllne, /. ethylaniline. 

uigiiizea Dy 





éthylbenzène, êthylbenzlne, /. ethylbenzene. 

éthyle» m. ethyl. 

éthylé, p.a. ethyl, ethylated. 

ethylene, m. ethylene. 

éthylène-dlamine, /. ethylenediamine. 

éthylène-disulfoné, a. ethylenedisulfonic; 
8-ethanedisulfonic (incorrect use). 

éthylène-dl thiol» m. ethylenedithiol(8-ethane- 

éthylénlque, a. ethylene, Gess often) ethylenic. 

éthylénolactlque, a. ethylene lactic (hydra- 

éthyler, v.i. ethylate, introduce ethyl into. 

éthyllaque, /. ethylamine. (Obs. or Rare). 

éthylldénlque, a. ethylidene. 

éthylldénolactlque, a. ethylidene lactic (desig- 
nating lactic acid proper). 

éthylique, o. ethyl, ethylic. 

ethylmalonlque, a. ethylmalonic. 

éthylphénylcétone, /. ethyl phenyl ketone 
(propiophenone) . 

éthylsulfurtque, a. ethylsulfuric. 

éthylure, m. ethide (binary compound of ethyl). 

étlncelant, p.a. sparkling, sparking. 

étlnceler, v.i. sparkle, spark. 

étlnceUe, /. spark. 

— électrique, electric spark. 

étlncellement» m. sparkling, sparking. 

étiolé, 7).a. etiolated. 

étioler, v.t. & T. etiolate. 

étiqiie, a. emaciated. 

étiqueter, v.t. label; ticket; docket. 

étiquette, /. label; etiquette. 

étirable, a. capable of being drawn or stretched 
out, (of metals) ductile, (of rubber, etc.) 

étirage, m. drawing, etc. (see étirer) ; ((Oeram.) 
compression (thru a template). 

étiré, p.a. drawn, etc. (see étirer); long (in 
proportion to width). 

étirer, v.t. draw, draw out (as metals or glass 
tubing) ; beat out, roll (metal) ; stretch (as 
rubber); stretch out, lengthen. — v.r. be 
drawn out; be stretched; stretch. 

étisie, /. emaciation. 

etnite, /. {Expl.) etnite. 

étoffe, /. fabric, cloth, stuff; material, stuff; 
(Leather) a tawing liquor consisting of a 
solution of alum and salt. 

étoffé, p.a. stuffed; padded: ample; comfort- 
able; stout, stocky. 

étoile, /. star; star-shaped crack; (of a centri- 
fuge) head, star-shaped part bearing the 
tubes; (Mach.) star wheel. 

étoiler, v.t. crack (radially) ; star. 

étonnament, adv. astonishingly. 

étonnant, p.a. astonishing. 

étonnement, m. astonishment, wonder. 

étonner, v.t. astonish; crack, rend (as minerals 
by heating and quenching). 

étouffant, p.a. suffocating, stifling. 

étouffée, /. stewing, stew; {Charcoal) the 
second stage in burning, during which the 
principal decomposition occurs. 

étouffement, m. suffocation, stifling. 

étouffer, v.t. suffocate, stifle; smother; sup- 
press. — v.i. be suffocating or stifling. 
— v.r. be suffocating; be suffocated; choke. 

étouffoir, m. vessel into which new charcoal is 
put to prevent oxidation; extinguisher (for 
charcoal fires) ; damper. 

étoupage, m. {Mach.) packing, stuffing. 

étoupas, m. a coarse cloth made from tow. 

étoupe, /. tow; oakum; (Mach.) packing, 
stuffing; waste (as of cotton). 

étoupement, m. stopping, packing. 

étouper, v.t. stop (with tow, oakum, cotton 
wax, etc.) ; (Mach.) pack, stuff; calk. 

étoui>erie, /. tow packing cloth. 

étoupille, /. primer, fuse, match (the last term 
is now used chiefly in pyrotechnics). 

— à friction, friction primer, friction fuse. 

— à percussion, percussion primer, percussion 

— de Bickford, Bickf ord fuse. 

— de mise de feu, primer, fuse, match. 

— de sûreté, safety fuse. 

— électrique, electric primer, electric fuse. 
— fulminante, friction primer. 

— percutante, percussion primer, percussion 

étoupiller, v.t. provide (pyrotechnie devicj^ 

with quick match. 
étourdi, p.a. stimned; numb; slightly warm; 

parboiled; allayed; giddy, heedless. 
étourdir, v.t. stun; benumb; warm slightly (aa 

water); parboil; allay (as pain). 
étourdissement, m. stunning, etc. (see étour- 
dir); dizziness; astonishment. 
étrange, a. strange. 
étrangement, adv. strangely. 
étranger, a. foreign; strange, unacquainted» 

unknown. — m. foreigner; stranger; fop- 

eignness, strangeness; foreign land, foreiga 

à V — , abroad. 
étrangeté, /. strangeness; strange thing. 
étranglement, m. constriction (as in a tube); 

(Pyro., etc.) choke; wiredrawing; throt- 

'tling; strangling; condensing. 
étrangler, v.t. constrict, narrow; (Pyro., etc.) 

choke; wiredraw (metal); throttle (steam); 

strangle; condense (a subject). 
étrangieur, m. throttling device, throttle valve. 
étrangloir, m. {Pyro.) choking frame. 
être, v.i. be; have (in certain auxiliary uses, aa 

t7 est venu, he has come). — m. being, 

en — , be, be at, be arrived, be of it, be in it. 

be in for it. 

Digitized by 





être (oontinued). 

est-ce que. See this in the vocabulary. 

— d, — de, etc. See the meaning» of the 

— vtvan/, livinff being. 

U est, there is, there are, he is, it is. 

étréclr» v.t. narrow; — v.r. narrow, become 
narrower; shrink, contract. 

étrCdBMmeilt, m. narrowing; shrinking, 
shrinkage, contraction; narrowness. 

étrelgoailt* of étrcindre. 

étr^ndeUe, /. a bag of horsehair or other coarse 
material in which are enclosed the woolen 
press bags used in pressing oil meal or fatty 

étrelndre» v.t. bind, tie, tie up, clasp. 

étrefnt* p.a. bound, etc. (see étreindre). 

étreinte» /. constraint; binding, tie; embrace. 

etresiUoQf m. prop, stay, shore. 

étrlw, m. stirrup (specif., in a balance the 
stirrup-shaped support for the pan); sup- 
port (of various kinds), strap, hoop, band, 

étroit» a. narrow; tight; strict; close, intimate. 

étroitement, adv. narrowly, etc. (see étroit). 

étroltesse, /. narrowness, etc. (see étroit). 

étade» /. study; survey (as of a railway) ; office 
(as of a lawyer). 
à V — t under investigation. 

étadtent» m. student. — of étudier. 

étadler, v.t. A %. study. — e.r. be studied; 

étal, m. case; box, sheath, cover, envelope. 

étavage» m. stoving, etc. (see étuver) ; specif. : 
(Ceram.) enfumage; (Leather) a heating of 
the oiled skins in steam ovens in the process 
of making chamois. 

étOTe» /. oven, closet, bath (for drying, for bac- 
terial cultures, etc.) ; diying room, drying 
stove, stove; sweating room, (hot-air or 
vapor) bath. 

— à air, air bath, hot-air oven, hot-air closet. 

— à cultures, (Bact.) incubator. 

— à eau, hot-water oven (not water bath, 
tho the latter may be combined with it). 

— à dessécher, drying oven, drying closet. 

— à dessécher dans le vide, vacuum drsring 

— à vapeur, steam oven. 

— électrique, electric oven. 

— froide, — glacière, ice closet, refrigerator 
(specif, a double-walled case cooled by a 
current of ice water and used for maintain- 
ing substances at zero). 

— stêrUisatrice, steriliser, sterilising oven. 
étavement, m. stoving, etc. (see étuver). 
étofer, v.t. stove, heat (moderately) or dry in an 

oven, dry; (Med.) foment; (Cooking) stew. 
ea» p.p. of avoir (to have). 
eacftljrpte, eacftlyptas, m. eucalyptus. 

eaealFptol» m. eucalyptole (cineole). 

eaehloHne, /. euchlorine (mixture of chlorine 
dioxide and chlorine). 

eaclase, /. (Min.) euclase. 

eaeildlenne, a. fem. Euclidean. 

eadlallte, /. (Min.) eudialyte. 

eadlomètre» m. eudiometer. 

eudlométrle» /. eudiometry. 

eadlométrique, a. eudiometric(al). 

eagénlne» /. eugenin. 

eiigénol, m. eugenol. 

euglobullne, /. euglobulin. 

eapatolre, /. (Bat.) eupatory (Eupatorium). 
— des Orecs, common agrimony'(A. eupatoria). 

euphorbe, /. (Bot.) euphorbia; (Pharm.) 

eaphorblAcée, /. (Bot.) euphorbiaceous plant; 
(pi.) Euphorbiaceœ. 

euphotlde, /. (Petrog.) euphotide. 

euphralse, euphrasle, /. (Bot.) Euphrasia, 
specif, euphrasy, eyebright (E. officinalis). 

eaplone, /. eupione, eupion (an empyreumatio 

eurent, p.def. S pi of avoir (to have). 

eurhodlne, /. eurhodine. 

eurhodol, m. eurhodol. 

européen, a. European. — m. (cap.) Euro- 

enrophène, m. (Pharm.) europhen. 

europium, m. europium. 

eut, p.def. S sing, of avoir (to have). 

eût, imp. subj. S sing, of avoir (to have). 

euteetlque, a. & m. eutectic. 

eutexle, /. eutexia. 

point d* — :, eutectic point. 

eux, pron. they, them. 

eux-mêmes, pron. themselves. 

é^icuant, a. & m. (Med.) évacuant. 

évBeuatlon, /. evacuation; emptying; (of 
goods) exportation, shipping; (Steam) ex- 
haust, eduction; (Mach.) evacuation pipe. 

évBCuer, v.t. A i. evacuate; empty; export, 
ship. — v.r. be evacuated, etc. 

é¥Mler, v.r. evade, escape. 

évaluable, a. estimable, appreciable, évalu- 

évBluatlon, /. estimation, estimate, evaluation, 

évBluer, v.t. estimate, evaluate, value. — v.r. 
be estimated, be valued; be worth. 

éfanescent, a. evanescent. 

é^inoulr, v.r. vanish, disappear; faint. 
faire — , (Math.) eliminate. 

éfanoulssement, m. disappearance; fainting 

éfaporable, a. evaporable. 

éfaporateur, m. evaporator. 

éTaporatlf, a. evaporating, evaporative. 

éfaporatlon, /. evaporation. 

éfapportoire, a. evaporating. 

évaporé, p.a. evaporated; giddy, heedless. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





évaporer, v.L evaporate; (fig.) vent. — v.r. 
evaporate; (fig.) find vent; be heedless, be 
— à aec, evaporate to dryness. 

évBporease, /. evaporator, evaporating appara- 

éYsporlsatton» /. evaporation. 

efsporo-dlstUlatolre, a. for or pertaining to 
both evaporation and distillation. 

éfaporomètre, m. evaporometer, atmometer. 

évasé» p.a. widened, enlarged, flaring, bell- 
shaped, funnel-shaped, bell-mouthed, 

évasement, m. widening, enlargement, spread- 
ing, splay; width (at tiie opening). 

évaser, v.t. widen, enlarge, make flaring. — v.r. 
widen, become flaring. 

évasion, /. escape; evasion. 

évasare, /. widening, (flaring) opening. 

éveil, m. warning, alarm. 

éveiller, v.t. wake, awake; call forth. — v.r. 
wake, awake. 

événement, m. event; emergency. 

event, m. (open) air; alteration due to exposure 
to air; (of wine, etc.) mustiness, flatness; 
air hole; escape hole, gas port; (of a fuse) 
flash hole (also, punching hole); cavity, 
honeycomb (in metals) ; crack. 

éventable, a. capable of being aired; alterable 
in air; etc. (see éventer). 

éventage, m. airing, etc. (see éventer). 

éventail, m. fan; batswing burner, batswing; 
(enameler's) screen. 
en — , fan-shaped. 

éventer, v.t. air, expose to the air; alter by 
exposure to air, specif, make (wine, etc.) 
musty or flat; discover, scent, find out; fan 
(a person). — v.r. be altered by exposure 
to air, (of wine) become flat; be discovered; 
fan oneself. 

éventrer, v.t. rip open, eviscerate, gut. 

éventualité, /. eventuality, contingency. 

éventuel, a. contingent; eventual. 

éventuellement» adv. contingently, dei>end- 
ing on circumstances; eventually. 

éventure, /. crack. 

évêqoe, m. bishop. 

éverdumer, v.t. bleach, blanch (green things). 

évidage, m. hollowing, etc. (see évider). 

évidé, p.a. hollowed, hollowed out, hollow; 

évidement, m. hollow, cavity, recess, aperture, 
cut, groove; hollowing, grooving. 

évidemment, adv. evidently; certainly. 

évldenee, /. evidence; obviousness, clearness. 

évident, a. evident. 

évider, v.t. hollow, hollow out, scoop out; 

évldure, /. = évidement. 

évier, m. sink; stone gutter 

évlscérer, v.t. eviscerate. 

évitable, a. avoidable. 

évltement, m. avoiding, avoidance; (railway) 

siding, switch. 
éviter, v.t. avoid. 
évolué, a. evolved, developed. 
évoluer, v.i. evolve; perform evolutions. 
évolutif, a. evolutional, evolutionary. 
évolution, /. evolution. 
évoquer, v.t. evoke. 

exact, a. exact; precise, strict, punotuaL 
exactement, adv. exactly. 
exactitude, /. exactness, exactitude. 
exagération, /. exaggeration. 
exagérer, v.t. exaggerate. 
exalbuminé, a. (fiot.) exalbuminous. 
exalglne, /. (Pharm.) exalgin, exalgine. 
exaltation, /. exaltation; excitement. 
exalter, v.t. exalt; excite. 
examen, m. examination, 
en — , under examination. 

— d*admianont entrance examination* 

— écrit, written examination. 
exa m inateur, m. examiner. 
examiner, v.t. examine. 
excavateur, m. excavator. 
excavation, /. excavation, excavating. 
excaver, v.t. excavate. v 
excédant, a. exceeding, excess, in excess; sur- 
plus; tiresome. 

excédent, m. excess, surplus. — a. surplus, 
excess, in excess. 

excéder, v. t. exceed, go beyond; tire, weary. 

excellement, adv. excellently. 

excellence, /. excellence, excellency. 

par — , preeminent, preeminently, par excel- 

excellent, a. excellent. 

exceller, v.i. excel. 

— «ttr, excel. 

excentrer, v.t. decenter, make eooentric. 
excentricité, /. eccentricity. 
excentrique, a. <k m. eccentric. 
excentrlquement, adv. eccentrically. 
excepté, prep, except, excepting. — p.a. er 

— que, except that, unless. 
excepter, v.t. except. 
exception, /. exception. 

par — , by way of exception, as an excep- 
exceptionnel, a. exceptional. 
exceptionnellement, adv. exceptionally. 
excès, m. excess. 

à V — , jusqu'à V — , to excess; immoderately. 

dans V — , in excess; excessively. 
excessif, a. excessive. 

excessivement, adv. excessively, exceedingly. 
excipient, m. (Pharm.) exciinent. 
excise, /. excise. 

Digitized by 





•idtent» a. et m. excitant. 

cxciteteiir, a. exciting. — m. exciter; (JBlec.) 
discharger, ezcitator. 

CSCltetlf, a. excitative. 

ezdtetlon, /. excitation; excitement. 

adtetrlce, /. (jElec.) exciter. — fern, of excita- 

exciter, v.t. excite. 

ezdiire» v.t. exclude. 

exclaslf» a. exclusive. 

exelnsloii, /. exclusion; (Steam) cut-ofF. 
à V — de, exclusive of, exceptiiog. 

ezcloslTenieiit» adt. exclusively. 

exclot» pr. A V'def. S sing, of exclure. 

excorter, t.t. excoriate. 

exeortlqaw» v.t. excorticate, decorticate. 

excrément, m. excrement. 

excrémenteiix, excrémentiel, excrémentl- 
tlel, a. excremental, excrementitious. 

excret», excreta. 

excréter, v.t. excrete. 

excréteur, a. excretory. 

excrétion, /. excretion. 

excrétoire, a. excretory. 

excroissance, /. excrescence. 

excursion, /. excursion. 

excnsaMement, adv. excusably. 

excuser, v.t. excuse. 

exécutable, a. executable, practicable. 

exécuter, t.t. execute. 

exécuteur, exécutif, a. executive. 

exécution, /. execution. 

exemplaire, m. copy; model. — a. exemplary. 

exemple, m. example. 

par — , for example, for instance; indeed I 

exempt, a. free; exempt. 

exempter, v.t. exempt. 

exercw, v.t. exercise; practice. 

exercise, m. exercise; practice; financial period, 
fiscal year. 

exfoliation, /. exfoliation. 

exfoUw, v.t. & r. exfoliate. 

exbaialson, m. exhalation (something exhaled). 

exhalation, /. exhalation (the act). 

exhalatotare, /. a kind of salt evaporator. 

exhale, «.<. exhale. — v.r. be exhaled; evapo- 

exhaussement, m. raising; erection; height. 

exhausser, v.t. raise; erect. 

exhaustion, /. exhaustion. 

exhibition, /. exhibition. 

exhllarant, a. exhilarant. 
0OS — , laughing gas. 

exigeant, a. exacting. 

exigence, /. need, necessity, exigency; exact- 
ingness; unreasonableness. 

exiger, t.t. require, necessitate, need, demand, 
eûct. — v.r. be required, etc. 

exigu» a. small, narrow, scanty, petty. 

CHlstlint, p.a. existing, existent; on band. 

existence, /. existence; living being; (Com») 
stock on hand. 

exister, v.». exist. 

exltèle, /. {Min.) valentinite. 

exocellulalre, a. exocellular. 

exogène, a. (Bot.) exogenous. — m. exogen. 

exorbltamment, adv. exorbitantly, excessively. 

exosmose, /. exosmosis, exosmoae. 

exosmotlque, a. exosmotic. 

exothermique, exotherme, a. exothermic. 

exotique, a. exotic, foreign. 

exotlquement, adv. exotically. 

expanslblllté, /. expansibility. 

expansible, a. expansible. 

expanslf, a. expansive. 

expansion, /. expansion. 

expanslTlté, /. expansiveness. 

expectation, /. expectation. 

expectorant, a. as m. (Med.) expectorant. 

expédient, a. <t m. expedient. 

expédia, v.t. send, forward, ship; despatch; 
expedite; draw up (documents). 

expéditeur, m. sender, shipper. — a. sending, 

expédltlf, a. expeditious, speedy; prompt. 

expédition, /. sending, forwarding, shipment, 
transmission; copy, duplicate; expedition; 

expéditionnaire, m. sender; shipper; com- 
mission agent; copying clerk. — a. ship- 
ping, forwarding; copying; eipedition- 

expédltlvement, adv. expeditiously, speedily. 

expérience, /. experiment; test; experience. 
— à blanc, blank experiment, blank test. 

expérimental, a. experimental. 

expérimentalement, adv. experimentally. 

expérlmentallste, m. experimentalist. 

expértmentateur, m. experimenter. 

expértmentatlon, /. experimentation. 

expérimentatrice, /. experimenter. 

expérimenté, a. experienced; tried, tested. 

expértmenter, v.t. try, test, make experiment 
of; experience. — v.i. experiment. 

expert, a. & m. expert. 

expertement, adv. expertly. 

expwtlse, /. (expert) investigation, survey; 
(expert) report, valuation. 

expertiser, v.t. examine, investigate, make a 
survey of. 

expiration, /. expiration. 

expirer, v.t. & i. expire. 

explicable, a. explicable, explainable. 

explicatif, a. explanatory, explicative. 

explication, /. explanation, explication. 

explicite, a. explicit. 

explicité, /. explicitness. 

explicitement, adv. explicitly. 

expliquer, v.t. explain. — v.r. be explained; 
give an explanation. ^ | 

uigiiizecJ Dy VjOOQ IC 




exploitent» m. exploiter, operator (of mines, 
etc.). — a. exploiting. 

ezploltetton, /. exploitation; working, operat- 
ing (of mines, factories, etc.); business, 
works, mine, farm, etc. 

exploiter, v.t. exploit, work, operate. 

— à la poudre, blast. 

exploiteur, m. exploiter; operator, manager, 
farmer, grower, etc. 

explorateur, m. explorer. — a. exploring, ex- 

exploration, /. exploration. 

explorer, v.t. explore. 

exirtoser, v.i. explode. 

exploseur, m. exploder. 

exploslble, a. explosive. 

explosif, a. A m. explosive. 

— à la cellulose nitrée, nitrocellulose explosive. 

— à la nitroglycérine, nitroglycerin explosive, 

— binaire, binary explosive (one containing 
two ingredients). 

— chimique, a chemical compoimd used as an 
explosive, explosive compound. 

— de sûreté, safety explosive. 

— Favier, Favier explosive. 

— mécanique, a mechanical mixture capable 
of explosive interaction, explosive mixture. 

— mixte, mixed explosive (as one containing 
an inert base). 

— réglé, an explosive the action or sensitive- 
ness of which has been regulated by ad- 
mixture or other treatment. 

— simple, an explosive consisting of a single 
chemical compound. 

explosion, /. explosion. 

— de detixième ordre, explosion of the second 

— de premier ordre, explosion of the first order. 

— sympathique, sympathetic explosion, explo- 
sion by influence. 

faire — , explode. 

exploslTlté, /. explosiveness. 

exponentiel, a. exponential. 

exportateur, m. exporter. 

exportetlon, /. exportation; export. 

exportetrlce, /. exporter. 

exporter, v.t. export. — v.r. be exported. 

exporteur, m. exporter. 

exposant, m. exponent; exhibitor; petitioner. 
— of exposer. 

exposé, p.a. exposed; explained. — m. exposi- 
tion, statement, account; exposé. 

exposer, v.t. expose; explain, expound. — v.r. 
expose oneself; be exposed. 

exposltlf, a. explanatory, descriptive. 

exposition, /. exposition; exposure; exhibi- 
tion; statement, account. 

exprès, a. express. — m. messenger. — adv. 
purposely; expressly. 

expressément, adv, expressly; purposely. 

expressif, a. expressive. 

expression, /. expression. 

exprimable, a. expressible. 

exprimer, v.t. express. — v.r. be expreased, 
express oneself. 

expulser, v.t. expel. 

expulseur, expulslf, a. expulsive. 

expulsion, /. expulsion. 

expultrlce, fem. of expulseur. 

exquis, a. exquisite. 

exqulsement, adv. exquisitely. 

exslccateur, m. desiccator. 

exsiccation, /. desiccation, drsdng. 

exsudant, a. exuding; (Med.) sudorific. 

exsudât, m. exudate. 

exsudation, /. exudation. 

exsuder, v.t.ék i. exude. 

extensibilité, /. extensibility. 

extenslf, a. extensive; expansive. 

extension, /. extension; extent. 

extérieur, a. exterior, external, outer, outside, 
foreign. — m. exterior; outside; foreign 
à V — , abroad; outside. 

extérteurement, adv. on the outside, exter- 
nally, outwardly. 

exterminateur, m. exterminator. — a. exter- 

exterminer, v.t. exterminate. 

externe, a. external; exterior (angle). 

extincteur, m. extinguisher. — a. extinguish- 

extinction, /. extinction; slaking (of lime); 
suppression; loss. 

— spontanée, air slaking. 
extinctrice, fem. of extincteur. 
extlngulMe, a. extinguishable. 
extirpation, /. extirpation, eradication. 
extirper, v.t. extirpate, eradicate. 
extra, a. db m. extra. 
extra-blanc, a. extra white. 
extra-caldné, a. supercalcined, calcined be- 
yond the usual degree. 

extra-eourant, m. (Elec.) extra current, self- 
induced current. 

extracteur, m. extractor; (Oas) exhauster. 

extractlf, a. & m. extractive. 

extractlforme, a. extractiform. 

extraction, /. extraction; (Mach.) discharge. 

extra-fln, a. extra fine. 

extraire, v.t. extract. 

extrait, m. extract. — p.p. & pr. S sing, of 

— d'actée A grappes, (Pfiarm.) extract of dmi- 
cifuga, extract of black cohosh. 

— de colchique acétique, (Pharm.) extract of 
colchicum corm, acetic extract of colchioum. 

— de fiel de bœuf, (Pharm.) purified oxgall. 

— de garance, madder extract. 

uigiiizeci Dy '' 





extrait de QcuUxrd, (Pharm.) GouUrd'a extract* 
solution of lead subacetate. 

— de Javel, a concentrated hypochlorite solu- 
tion used for sterilizing water, etc., Javel 

— de tatumet {Pharm.) Goulard's extract. 

— de friande^ meat extract. 

— éthérit ethereal extract, ether extract; 
(Pharm.) oleoresin. 

— éthéri de capnquet (Pharm.) oleoresin of 

— Uquide, {Pharm.) fluidextract, fluid extract. 

extnit lipide aromaliquet (Pharm,) aronuitio 

— tannantt tanning extract. 

— thébalque, (Pharm.) extract of opium. 
extraordinaire, a. extraordinary. 
extrapolation, /. extrapolation. 
extra-pur, a. extra pure. 

extrayant, p.a. extracting. 
extrême, a. & m. extreme. 
extrêmement, adv. extremely. 
extrémité, /. extremity. 

Digitized by 



I.» abbr^. franc; (frdre) brotker. 
fabrleant» m. manufacturer. 
fabricant-Uqooriste, m. liqueur maker. 
fal»leatloii, /. manufacture, manufacturing, 

making, make; fabrication. 
falMique, /. factory, manufactory, works, mill, 

plant; manufacture, making, make; fabric, 


— de matièrea colorantes, dye factory. 
fabriquer, v.t. make, manufacture; fabricate. 

— e.r. be made, be manufactured. 
fabuleox, a. fabulous. 
face, /. face, 
en — de, opposite; in the front of; in the 

face of. 
faire — à, be opposite; face. 
faeette, /. facet, (small) face. 
faeetter, v.t. facet, cut facets upon. 
faeheosement, adv. sadly, etc. (see fâcheux). 
fâcheux, a. sad, regrettable, unfavorable, 

troublesome, disagreeable. 
facile, a. easy; facile, ready, quick. 
facUement, adv. easily, readily. 
facilité, /. facility; ease, readiness. 
faciliter, v.t. facilitote. 
fa^on, /. fashion; manner; sort; way; making, 

make, workmanship; appearance; care, 

attention; operation; (Agric.) culture, 

dressing; ceremony, ado. 
de — à, de — que, de telle — que, so that, so as, 

in such a way as (or that). 
façonuage, façonnement, m., façonnerie, /. 

fashioning, etc. (see façonner). 
façonner, v.t. fashion, shape, form, model; 

make, make up, work; finish off, finish; 

adorn, (of fabrics) figure; accustom. 
fac-slmllalre, a. facsimile. 
fac-similé, m. facsimile. 
fac-slmUer, v.t. facsimile. 
factage, m. delivery (as of letters) ; porterage. 
facteur, m. factor; maker, manufacturer; 

clerk; carrier (as of letters); porter. 

— de charge, load factor. 

— de puissance, power factor. 

— de sécwritê, factor of safety. 

factice, a. artificial, factitious; sham. — m. some- 
thing artificial; specif., artificial rubber. 
factlcement, adv. artificially, factitiously. 
faction, /. faction; (MU.) sentry. 
factorlelle, /. {Math.) factorial. 

facture, /. invoioe, bill; oompoeitioii. 

facturer, v.t. invoioe, bill. 

facturier, m. invoice book; invoice clerk. 

facnle, /. (Astron.) facula. 

facultatif, a. optional. 

facultatlfement, adv. optionally. 

faculté, /. faculty; (p2.) means, ability. 

fadasse, a. very insipid; very dull. 

fade, a. insipid; flat (as wine); dull (colors). 

fadement, cuh. insipidly. 

fadet, a. somewhat insipid; rather dull. 

fadeur,/, insipidity, insipidness; flatness; dull- 

fkgot, m. fagot; bimdle. 

fagoue, /. sweetbread. 

fahlunlte, /. (Afin.) fahlunite. 

faible, a. weak; feeble; slight; 'light (in 
weight). — m. weak point, weak part; 
weakness; weak person. 

faiblement, adv. weakly, feebly, slightly. 

fiilblesse, /. weakness; feebleness; slightness; 
lightness; faint. 

faiblir, v.i. weaken, grow weak, lose strength; 
yield, relax, slacken, fail. 

faience, /. glazed earthenware, faience, delft- 
ware (in English faHence is used esp. of the 
finer, decorative kinds). 

faïencerie, /. glazed earthenware factory, 
manufacture or business. 

faïencier, m. maker or seller of glazed earthen- 

flklUant, p.a. failing, etc. (see faillir). 

faille,/, fissure; (Oeol.) dike; grogram (cloth). 
— pr. subj. of falloir. — pr. S sing. subj. of 

faim, a. A m. bankrupt. — p.p. of faillir. 

faUllbllIté, / fallibUity. 

fallUble, a. fallible. 

faillir, v.i. fail; err; be on the point (of), be 
near, be nearly. 

faillite, /. bankruptcy, failure. 

falm, /. hunger. 

falne, /. beech mast, beech nuts. 

faire, v. t. make; do; cause; perform; produce; 
form; study; play; say; accustom; 
charge (for goods) ; matter, signify. — v.i. 
do; matter, signify; be. — v.r. be made, 
be done, etc., (of a precipitate or the like) 
be formed, form; become; make oneself; 
be. — m. making, doing, execution. 


Digitized by 






lUre quct be the reason that, cause that; see 
ne — guet make only, do only, do nothing but. 
ne — que de venir , to have just come. 
(For other phrases commencing with /aire see 
the next important word in the phrase). 
flklsable, a. feasible. 
frntealt» imp. 8 aing. of faire. 
Iklssnty of faire. 

fftlseeau» m. bundle; group, lot, number; 
(pptice) pencil; (AncU.) fasciculus; sheaf. 
fkiseor, m. maker, doer, etc. (see faire) ; author. 
fUMeUe, /. a basket or vessel in which cheese 

is drained. 
fUt, p.a. made, done, etc. (see faire); fit; 
finished; grown; ripe; (of prices) fixed 
(of words) common. — m. fact; deed, act; 
mattor, affair, point, question; portion, 
•hare. — pr. S sing, of faire. 
dan» le — ^, in fact. 

de — , in fact, indeed; actual, de facto. 
en — <ie, in point of. 
être — ele, become, suit. 
par le — , in fact; by the fact. 
faite, m. top, summit; ridge; watershed. 
fatttêre, a. ridge. — /. ridge tile; skylight. 
fell» m. burden, load. 
fmlalse, /. diff . 

fallacleosement, adv. fallaciously. 
fallacieux, a. fallacious. 

falloir, v.i. be wanting, be needing; be neces- 
sary, be needful, be requisite, must; ought, 
shoijd. — v.r. (with en) be wanting, be 
comme il fatU, properly, as should be ; well bred. 
H a fallu un litre, one liter was needed. 
H fallait venir, you (he, they, etc.) should have 

oome (or ought to have come). 
iZ faudra gu'U vienne, he will have to come. 
U me faut un entonnoir, I need a funnel. 
fella, p.p. of falloir. 
falslfleateor, m. adulterator; falsifier. 
felslflcatlon, /. adulteration, sophistication; 

felslller, v.t. adulterate, sophisticate; debase 

(coin); falsify, counterfeit, forge. 
fehm, m. shell marl. 
fehmage, m. application of shell marl to land; 

shell marl production. 
falmior, v.t. treat (land) with shell marl. 
fehmlère, /. shell-marl pit. 
femciiz, a. famous. 
familiariser, v.t. familiarise. — v.r. become 

femlllarité, /. familiarity. 
femlUw, a. famihar. 
femfllerement, adv. familiarly. 
femllle, /. family. 

> m. fading; wilting; tedding; foliage, 

fane, /. dry leaf. 

fanw, v.t. fade; wilt; turn, ted (hay). — tj». 

fade; wilt. 
fange, /. mud, mire. 
fangeux, a. muddy, miry, dirty. 
fantaisie, /. fancy; floss silk (thread). 
farcir, v.t. stuff. 

fard, m. (face) paint; false show, disguise. 
fardeau, m. burden, load. 
farder, v.t. paint (the face); disguise. — v.i. 

weigh heavily; sink, settle. 
farinaeé, a. farinaceous. 
farine, /. flour; meal; farina. 

— d^avoine, oatmeal. 

— de blé, wheat flour. 

— de boie, (fine) sawdust, wood flour. 

— de graine de lin, — de lin, linseed meal, 
flaxseed meal. 

— de nuAa, com meal, maiie flour. 

— de montagne, mountain flour ( ~ farine 
foesile, which see). 

— de moutarde, flour of mustard. 

— de première, flour of the best grades. 

— de seigle, rye flour. 

— d^orge, barley flour. 

— dure, hard-wheat flour. 

— foaeUe, fossil farina (usually diatomaceoua 
earth but sometimes a powdery variety of 

— jaune, yellow com meal. 

— lactée, a preparation of condensed milk and 
flour (such as Nestlé's food). 

— tendre, soft-wheat flour. 

fariner, v.t, flour, convert into or dust with 

farineux, a. floury; powdery; mealy; fari- 
naceous. — m. starchy food; l^;ume (in- 
cluding peas, beans, lentils, etc.). 

farlnuleux, a. containing flour deprived of 

faro, m. a kind of beer made in Belgium. 

fascicule, m. fascicle, small bundle, (of a pub- 
lication) part. 

fasciner, v.t. fascinate. 

fasse, pr. 1 & S sing. subj. of faire. 

fastidieux, a. tedious, tiresome. 

fatal, a. inevitable; fatal. 

fatalement, adv. inevitably; unfortunately; 

fatigant, p.a. fatiguing, wearisome, tedious. 

fatigue, /. fatigue. 

fatiguer, v. t. fatigue, tire, weary; strain, im- 
pair. — v.r. be fatigued; be strained, be 
impaired. — v.i. work hard; be fatiguing- 

feu, m. beech, beech tree. 

faubourg, m. suburb; faubourg. 

faucher, v.t. mow, cut down, out. 

faude, m. place where charcoal is burned; 
place where ores are calcined. 

fauder. v.t. fold (double). 

y Google 




flluadm, fui. s sing, of falloir and of faillir. 

flluadralt» eond. S sing, of falloir and faillir. 

fliiiiilde» m. a faude. 

fanlx»/. scythe; currying knife; (Ana<.) faix. 

faune» /. fauna. 

fausse» a. fem. of faux. 

faussement, adv. falsely. — m. bending, etc. 

(see fausser). 
fausser, v.t. bend, warp, spring; vitiate, affect 

adversely (as an analytical result) ; strain, 

distort; break (one's word, etc.). — v.r. 

be bent, be warped, etc.; bend, warp, 

fausset, m. spigot, peg, pin. 
fausseté, /. falsity, falseness; falsehood. 
faut, pr. of falloir. — pr. S sing, of faillir. 
faute, /. fault; default, lack, want. 
faire — , fail. 

— d«, for lack of, for want of. 

aans — , without fail; without fault, faultless. 

fiiutlf, a. faulty, imperfect. 

fisntlvenient, adv. erroneously, wrongly. 

flkutre, m. (Paper) felt. 

fisuve, a. faUow, fawn, tawny, yellowish brown, 
(of leather) fair. — m. fawn color, yellow- 
ish brown. 

faux, a. false; imitation, counterfeit, mock. 

— m. falseness; imitation; forgery; false- 
hood; scythe. — adv. falsely, erroneously. 

— pr. Î AS sing, of faillir. 

à — , falsely, wrongly; imevenly; out of 

fausse améthyste, a purple variety of fluorspar. 
fatisse oronge, fly agaric, fly amanita (Amanita 


— argent, mica. 

— cumin, nutmeg flower (Nigella sativa), 

— diamant, zircon. 

— fenouU, deadly carrot (Thapsia garganioa). 

— gambier, the root of Dioscorea rhipogo- 
noides, used in dyeing. 

— jour, false light; (Micros.) any light that 
interferes with observation. 

— teint, fugitive (color or dye). 
faux-frats, incidental expenses. 
faux-fuyant, m. shift, evasion; by-path. 
faux-Jour, m. See faux jour (imder faux). 
faveur, m. favor. 

à la — de, by means of, by help of. 

en — de, for the sake of, in consideration of, 
in behalf of. 
favorable, a. favorable. 
favorablement, adv. favorably. 
favori, a. <fe m. favorite. 
favoriser, v. t. favor; assist. 
favorite, fem. of favori. 
fayard, m. beech, beech tree. 
fayenee, fayencerie, etc. See faience, etc. 
febrifuge, a. & m. (Med.) febrifuge. 
fécal, a. fecal. 

féees, feces, fœces. 

féeond, a. fertile, fruitful; fecimd, prolific; 

abundant; genial. 
fécondant, p.a. fertilizing, rendering fertile; 

fécondateur, a. fecundating. 
fécondation, /. fecundation. 
féconder, v.t. fecundate; fertilize. 
fécondité, /. fecimdity; fertility. 
fécule, /. starch (especially in its domestic and 

medicinal uses; cf. amidon), fecula; specif., 

potato starch. 

— de blé, wheat starch. 

— de mcHs, corn starch, maize starch. 

— de pommes de terre, potato starch. 
feculence, /. feculence. 

féculent, a. starchy, contfdning starch; fecu- 
lent, muddy, turbid. — m. starchy mar 
terial; starchy vegetable. 

féculer, v.t. convert into starch or fecula. 

léculerie, /. starch factory; starch manufac- 

féculeux, a. starchy, containing starch. 

fécuUer, m. starch maker, starch manufacturer. 

féculomètre, m. feculometer (instrument for 
determining starch). 

feignant, of feindre. 

feindre, v.t. feign; scruple. 

feint, p.a. feigned; imitation, counterfeit. 

feldspath, m. (Min.) feldspar. 

— adulaire, adularia. 

— argUiforme, kaolin. 

— aveniuriné, aventurine feldspar. 

— nacré, pearly feldspar, moonstone. 
— ■ opalin, opaline feldspar, labradorite. 

feldspathlque, a. feldspathic. 

fêle, /. (OUiss) blowpipe. 

fêler, v.t. & r. crack. 

félin, a. feline. — m. cat (one of the Felidse). 

feUe, /. = fêle. 

fêlure, /. crack, chink. 

F.E.M., ahhrev. (force électromotrice) electro- 
motive force, E.M.F. 

femelle, /. & a. female. 

femme, /. woman; wife. 

fenchène, m. fenchene. 

fenchol, m. fenchol. 

fenchone, /. fenchone. 

fenchyle, m. fenchyl. 

fendage, m. splitting, etc. (see fendre). 

fenderie, /. slitting, cutting (of iron) into 
narrow pieces; slitting machine; Emitting 

fendeur, m. splitter, etc. (see fendre). 

fendille, /. little crack. 

fendillement, m. cracking, splitting, chinking. 

fendiller, v.t. & r. crack, split, chink, chap. 

fendre, v.t. split; cleave; rend; slit; crack, 
ohJnk,chap; cut thru. — v.r. split, be split, 
part, be rent; crack, chink, chap, splinter. 





fonda» p.a. split, cleft, etc. (see fendre). 
fonêtrô, /. window; opening; (Mach.) port. 
fenêtrer, v.t. perforate; provide with windows. 
fénolone, fénone, /. fenchone. 
fénolyle, m. fenchyl. 
fonooil, m. (00t.) fennel. 

— amett bittor fennel, wild fennel. 

— bâtard, dill. 

— d'eau, water fennel {Œnanthe plietlan- 

— d'Italie, Roman fennel, sweet fennel. 

— dottx, sweet fennel. 

— marin, sea fennel, samphire {Crithmum 

— Tpuant, dill. 

fenouUIette» /. fennel water, fennel brandy. 
fonte, /. slit, slot; split, crack, chink, cleft, 

fissure, crevice; cut, groove. 
fenagree, m. fenugreek {TrigoneUa fosnum- 

for, m. iron; (also pi.) a kind of spring pincers 

used in making crystal glass; (iron) tool; 


— aciéré, steeled iron. 

— aciéreux, steely iron. 

— affiné, refined iron. 

— à grain, granular iron. 

— à gros grains, coarse-grained iron. 

— aigre, brittle iron, cold-short iron. 

— à la catalane, Catalan iron (wrought iron 
made from the ore). 

— à la française, iron made by a method 
similar to the C!atalan process. 

— à loupe, bloom iron. 

— à massiau, see massiau. 

— à nerf, fibrous iron. 

— argileux, (Min.) iron clay, clay ironstone. 

— à souder, soldering iron. 

— au bois, — au charbon de bois, charcoal iron. 

— battu, forged iron, wrought iron. 

— btonc, *white cast iron, white iron (see also 

— Bravais, a colloidal solution of ferric 
hydroxide obtained by dialyzing a solution 
of it in ferric chloride, Bravais iron. 

— brûlé, burnt iron, overbumt iron. 

— brut, crude iron; specif., puddled bar. 

— carbonate, iron carbonate. 

— carbonate argileux, (Min.) siderite mixed 
with clay, clay ironstone. 

— carbonate spathique, (Min.) spathic iron 
ore, siderite. 

— carbonate terreux, (Min.) clay ironstone. 

— carbonyle, iron carbonyl. 

— carburé, iron containing carbon; iron car- 

— ctusant, brittle iron, short iron. 

— cassant à chaud, hot-short iron, red-short 

— cassant à chaud noir, black-short iron. 

fw cassant à froid, cold-short iron. 

— cémenté, cement iron, cement steel. 

— cendreux, iron that is flawy from ash spots. 

— chromaté, iron chromate. 

— chromé, (Min.) chrome iron ore, chrome 
iron, chromite. 

— corroyé, wrought iron. 

— coulé, cast iron, pig iron. 

— creux, tubular iron. 

— cru, crude iron. 

— cylindre, rolled iron. 

— de ferraille, scrap iron, old iron. 

— de fonte, cast iron. 

— de forge, wrought iron. 

— de lance, spearhead, lance head. 

— de lune, white-hot iron. 

— de masse, scrap iron. 

— de riblons, scrap iron. 

— doux, soft iron. 

— écroui, hammer-hardened iron, 

— émaiUé, enameled iron. 

— en bandes, hoop iron. 

— en barres, bar iron. 

— encrené, iron twice heated and hammered. 

— en feuilles, sheet iron. 

— en gueuse, pig iron. 

— en lames, sheet iron. 

— en limaille, iron filings. 

— en loupes, bloom iron. 

— en plaques, iron plate, boiler plate. 

— en rubans, hoop iron. 

— en saumon, pig iron. 

— en tournure, iron turnings. 

— étamé, tinned iron; platied iron. 

— étiré, rolled iron. 

— fendu, slit iron. 

— fibreux, fibrous iron. 

— fin, refined iron. 

— fin au bois, charcoal iron. 

— fondu, ingot iron; cast iron (usually called 
fonte) ; molten iron. 

— fondu à air chaud, hot-blast iron. 

— fondu à air froid, cold-blast iron. 

— forgé, wrought iron. 

— fort, strong iron, forge iron. 

— galvanisé, galvanized iron. 

— gratté, filed iron, brushed iron. 

— gris, gray iron. 

— hydraté limoneux, (Min.) bog iron ore 
(porous limonite). 

— laminé, rolled iron, laminated iron. 

— limoneux, (Min.) limonite. 

— magnétique, (Min.) magnetite, magnetic 

— malléable, malleable iron. 

— manganese, (Min.) triplite. 

— marchand, merchant iron, merchant bar. 

— martelé, hammered iron. 

— mêlé, mottled iron (cast iron between white 
and gray). 

uigitized by 





CBT mUaUtçue, metallio iron. 

— météorique^ meteoric iron. 

— méUst red-short iron. 

— micacé, (Min.) micaoeous iron ore, scaly 

— mitta, mitis metal. 

— mou, soft iron. 

— noHf, native iron. 

— nerveux, fibrous iron. 

— noir, black iron, esp. black sheet iron. 

— oligiete, (Aftn.) hematite, oligist iron (the 
latter name is infrequent). 

— oOlithigue, (Min.) oolitic iron ore. 

— oxydé, iron oxide, oxide of iron. 

— oxj/dé rouge, (,Min.) red iron ore, ordinary 

— oxydvU, iMin.) magnetite. 

— TpaiUeux, flawy iron. 

— piaiforme, (JIftn.) pea ore, pisiform iron 
ore (granular form of limonite). 

— fiat, hoop iron. 

— jAatiné, platinized iron, specif, platinum- 
plated iron; rolled iron. 

— puddle, puddled iron. 

— raffiné, refined iron. 

— réduit, (Pharm.) reduced iron, powder of 

— roulé, rolled iron. 

— rouverin, hot-short (or red-short) iron, 

— soudé, weld iron. 

— apathique, (Min.) spathic iron, siderite. 

— épécuiaire, (Min.) specular iron, hematite 
(exhibiting metalUc luster). 

— tenace, tough iron. 

— tendre, cold-short iron. 

— titane, (Min.) titanic iron ore, ilmenite. 

— zingué, galvanized iron. 
fen» fut. S sing, of faire. 
ferait» cond. 3 sing, of faire. 

fénmûne, /. (Min.) pyrite, iron pyrites. Oba. 
fer-à-nerf» m. fibrous iron. 
fer-béton» m. ferro-concrete. 
fer-blanc, m. tin plate. 

— brillant, tin plate proper (as distinguished 
from temeplate). 

— terne, terneplate. 

ferblanterie» /. tin work; tinware; tinware 

ferblantier, m. one who makes or sells tinware. 
féret» m. = ferret. 
fermall, m. clasp. 
fermant, of fermer. 
ferme, a. firm; binding (sale). — adv. firmly. 

— m. farm; farmhouse; lease; girder, 

truss, rib, frame; roof. 
fermé, p.a. closed, etc. (see fermer) ; close, tight. 
ferme-elrcult, m. (EUc.) circuit closer. 
fermement, adv. firmly. 
ferment» m. ferment. — o. fermentative. 

— jigveré, — organisé, organized ferment. 

fermentable» a. fermentable. 

fermentalre» fermentatif» a. fermentative, 

fermentation» /. fermentation; (fig.) ferment. 

— d àiapeau, top fermentation in which the 
head is agitated by the escaping gas. 

— alcoolique, alcoholic fermentation. 

— ascendante et deacendante, fermentation in 
which the head alternately rises and falls. 

— basse, low (or bottom) fermentation. 

— circulaire, fermentation characterized by 
a vertical circxilation, the solid matter ris- 
ing in one part of the vat and falling in 

— diastaaique, diastatio fermentation; enzym.- 
ic fermentation. 

— en buUes, fermentation characterized by 
the formation of bubbles of good size in 
the head. 

— haute, high (or top) fermentation. 

— mouaaeuae, fermentation characterized by 
excessive foaming. 

— nitreuae, nitrous fermentation. 

— panaire, fermentation of bread dough, 

— par dépôt, bottom fermentation. 

— aoua le chapeau, top fermentation which 
proceeds quietly without agitation of the 

— auperfidelle, top fermentation. 

— tumuUueuae, violent fermentation, specif, 
the first fermentation of wine. 

fermenter» v.i. & t. ferment. 

fermentesclblllte, /. fermentability. 

fermentesclble» a. fermentable. 

fermer» v. t. close; shut; fasten, bolt, pin. lock; 
stop, stop up. — v.r. A i. close, shut, be 

fermete» /. firmness. 

fwmetnre» /. closing, closure, etc. (see fermer) ; 
seal; fastening (of any kind); shutter, 
blind; («Steam) cut-off; (Ordnance) ferme- 

— à rodage, groimd joint, ground seal. 

— hermétique, hermetic closing, hermetic seal. 
fermier» m. farmer. 

fermoir» m. clasp, catch, snap; chisel. 

ferraille» /. (also pi.) old iron, scrap iron. 

ferrasse» /. an iron vessel used in fusing metals; 
^3laaa) an iron plate, as one on which the 
glass rests in a flattening furnace, one on 
which glass is cast, or one on which the 
pots are set. 

ferrate» m. ferrate. 

ferre» /. fine iron grindings; (Œaaa) bottle 

ferré» a. impregnated with iron, chalybeate; 
fitted or bound with iron; ironed; (of 
roads) metaled, macadamized; (of horses) 
shod; versed (in) ; harsh, hard. 

uigiiizea Dy \.jkj 





f«Rer*«.<. fit or mount with iron; iron, smooth; 
metal, macadamize (a road) ; shoe (a horse) . 

ferrement» m. ironwork; iron tool or piece. 

ferrerle* /. ironwork; iron business, iron trade. 

ferret» m. hard kernel in stones; iGlaaa) ferret; 
tae (as of a shoe lace). 
— cf Espagne, (Min.) red iron ore, hematite. 

ferreux» a. ferrous. 

ferrleo-. ferric (in double salts). 

ferrleo-Ammoiilque, a. ferric ammonium. 

ferrloo-potasslqae, a. ferric potassium. 

fwricyaiihydrlque, a. ferricyanic. 

fwricyanogene, m. ferricyanogen. 

fwrleymnare, m. ferricyanide. 

ferrifère, a. ferriferous, iron-bearing. 

fnrlque» a. ferric. 

ferrite» n. ferrite. 

fnro» m. iron alloy (as ferromanganese, etc.) ; 
{Photog.) blue print. 

ferro-alamlnlum, m. ferro-fUuminium, ferro- 

fnro-chrome» m. ferrochrome, ferrochromium. 

ffKRO-clment» m. ferro-concrete. 

ferrocymnate, m. ferrocyanate, ferrocyanide. 

ferrocjranbydrlque, a. ferrocyanic. 

ferroeyanlque, a. ferrocyanic. 

ferroeyanogène, m. ferrocyanogen. 

ferrocyannre, m. ferrocyanide. 

ferro-manKanèse, m. ferromanganese. 

ferromolybdène, m. ferromolybdenum. 

ferronerle, /. iron foundry; ironworks; hard- 

ferro-nlckel» m. ferronickel; specif., nickel 
steel (when the percent of nickel is low). 

ferropnisslate» m. ferropnissiate (ferro- 

ferro-sUldani, m. ferrosilicon. 

ferroso-ferrlqae, a. ferrosoferric. 

fCRotler» m. glass worker. 

ferro-tltane, ferrotltan, m. ferrotitanium. 

ferro-tangstène, m. ferrotungsten. 

ferrotyple, /. (Photog.) ferrotjrpe, tintsrpe. 

fcfmgliieiix, a. ferruginous, chialybeate. — m. 
ferruginous medicine, chalybeate. 

fcfnigliio-calealre,a. pertaining to or contain- 
ing iron and lime, ferrugino-oalcareous. 

fcnragliioslté, /. ferruginous quality. 

fermre» /. ironwork; shoeing, shoes (of horses). 

fertile, a. fertile. 

fertUement, adv. fertilely, fruitfully. 

fertUlsable, a. fertilizable. 

fertilisant, p.a. fertilizing. 

fertilisation» /. fertilization. 

fertiliser, v.t. fertilize. 

fertilité, /. fertility, fertileness. 

ffirule,/. ferule; (Bot.) Ferula. 

ffmllqiie, a. ferulic. 

feston, m. festoon. 

festonnw, v.t. festoon. 

fête» /. feast, festival, fete; birthday. 

fétide, a. fetid. 

fétidité, /. fetidness, fetidity. 

fétu, m. straw. 

fêtas, m. fetus, fœtus. 

fea, m. fire; flame; light; fireplace, hearth; 
household, home; heat. — a. flame (color) ; 
late, deceased. 
à — nu, with the naked or free flame (not 
using a sand bath, oil bath or other pro- 
en — , on fire; (of a furnace) in operation, in 

— Catalan, (Metal.) Catalan forge. 

— d'affinerie, (Metal.) fining fonge. 

— d'artifice, firework, fireworks. 

— de Bengale, Bengal light. 

— d'edairage, light. 

— de couleur, colored light. 

— de raffinerie, (Metal.) refining hearth. 

— de réduction, reducing flame. 

— de signaux, signal light, signal firework, 

— d'oxydation, oxidizing flame. 

— foUet, ignis f atuus. 

— grégeois, Greek fire. 

— grisou, fire damp. 

— nu, naked fire, naked flame, free flame. 
mettre à — , fire, start up (a furnace) ; put in 

blast, blow in (a blast furnace). 
mettre en — , bum; = mettre à feu. 
mettre hors de — , mettre hors — , (Metal.) put 

out of blast. 
mettre le — à, set on fire, touch off. 
feuOlage, m. foliage. 

feuille, /. leaf; foil; sheet; plate; scale, flake; 
list; bill; newspaper. 

— anglaise, (Rubber) cut sheet. 

— d'argent, silver leaf, silver foil. 

— de cuivre, sheet of copper. 

— de fer, plate or sheet of iron. 

— de fer-blanc, sheet of tin (plate). 

— d'étain, tinfoil. 

— de ventre, the middle layer in pasteboard. 

— de verre, sheet of glass. 

— d'or, gold leaf, gold foil. 

— laminée, rolled sheet. 

— sciée, (Rubber) cut sheet. 

— volante, loose sheet. 
feulUe-morte, a. & m. dull yellow (resembling 

the color of dead leaves). 

feuillet, m. leaf; layer; thin plate; (of crys- 
tals) leaf, plate; folio. 

feuilleté, a. foliated. — p.p. of feuilleter. 

feuilleter, v.t. turn the leaves of, peruse. 

feullletls, m. edge (of a cut stone) ; soft place 
in slate. 

feuillette, /., small leaf, leaflet; cask (contain- 
ing about 125 liters). 

feuUllr, v.i. put forth leaves, leaf, leave. 

feuillu, a. leafy; specif., having broad leaves 
as distinguished from needles. 

uigitizea Dy '' 





fcainare, /. rabbet, groove, slit, recess. 
feotrable, a. capable of being felted. 
featrsge, m. felting. 
feotrant» p.a. felting. 
fcotre, m. felt; padding, packing. 
feata^, p.a. felted; felt; padded, packed. 
feutrement, m. felting. 
feutrer, v.t. felt; pad, pack (as with felt). 
feve, /. bean (refers specif, to the genus Faba; 
cf. haricot). 

— de cacao, cocoa bean. 

— de Calabar, Calabar bean (from Physo- 
stigma venenosum). 

— de haricot, kidney bean. 

'—'de Saint-Ignace, Saint Ignatius's bean 
(from Strychnoa ignatia). 

— de aoja, soy bean, soja bean. 

— igasurique, = fève de Saint-Ignace. 

— pichurim, pichurim bean (from Nedandra 

— tonka, — Tonka, tonka bean. 
féYerole, /. (dried) bean; horse bean. 
févler, m. (fiot.) locust tree (Oleditaia). 
février» m. February. 

fibre» /. fiber, fibre; grain (of wood). 

— de boie, wood fiber; grain of wood. 

— libérienne, (Bot.) bast fiber, bast. 

— ligneiiae, wood fiber. 

— textile, textile fiber. 

— vvJcanisée, vulcanised fiber. 
fibre» a. fibered, fibrous. 
fibreux» a. fibrous. 
fibrlllaire, a. fibrillar, fibrillary. 
fibrille, /. small fiber, fibril, fibrilla. 
fibrine» /. fibrin. 

fibrtneux, a. fibrinous. 
fibrinogène, m. fibrinogen. 
fibrinolyse, /. fibrinolysis. 
fibrocartftoge» m. (Anat.) fibrocartilage. 
fibrocartllaglneux» a. fibrocartilaginous. 
fibrocellulaire» a. fibrocellular, fibroareolar. 
fibro-clment» m. a building material consisting 

of cement mixed with asbestos fiber. 
fibroUte, flbroUthe, /. (Min.) fibrolite. 
ficeler» v.t. tie, tie up (with string). 
ficelle» /. string, twine, packthread; trick. 

— pr. Ï AS sing, of ficeler. 
fiche* /. (something to be thrust or driven in) 

pin, peg, bolt, plug, stake, etc.; ticket, 

card; memorandum (on a card); knife or 

plug (of an electric switch). 
fichw» t.t. thrust in, stick in, plunge in, drive 

in, insert; point (masonry). 
fidèle» a. faithful. 
fidèlement, adv. faithfully. 
fldéUté» /. fidelity, faithfulness. 
fiel» m. gall. 

— de bœuf, ox gall. 

fielleux, a. like gall, bitter as gall. 
fiente, /. dung. 

flenter» v.t. dimg, manure. 

fier» o. proud; fierce; fiery; great. — v.r. 

trust, confide (in). 
fièvre, /. fever. 

fiévreux, o. feverish. — m. fever patient. 
flgement, m. congealment, oongeiUing, setting, 

solidifying, solidification. 
flgw, v.t. <k r. congeal, set, solidify. 
figue, /. fig. 

— de Barbarie, Barbary fig, prickly pear 
(Opuntia opuntia). 

figuier, m. fig tree, fig. 

figuratif, a. figurative; representing or sym- 
bolizing something. — m. representation, 

figure, /. figure; face, countenance. 

figurer, v. t. represent; figure. — v,r. be repre- 
sented or figured. — v.i. appear, figure; 

fll, m. wire; thread; filament, fiber; string; 
yam; edge (of sharp tools); grain (of 
wood); vein (in stones); course (as of a 

— à plomb, plumb line. 

— conducteur, (Elec.) conducting wire, con- 

— couvert, (Elec.) insulated wire. 

— d'acier, steel wire. 

— d'aller, (Elec.) lead wire. 

— d'amorce, priming wire. 

— d'araignée, (Optics) spider line, cross wire. 

— d'archal, brass wire. 

— de chaujg^age, (Elec.) resistance wire. 

— de clavecin, piano wire. 

— de cuivre, copper wire. 

— de fer, iron wire. 

— de laiton, brass wire. 

— de ligne, (Elec.) line wire. 

— d'emballage, pack thread, wrapping twine. 

— de platine, platinum wire. 

— de retour, (Elec.) return wire. 

— de soie, silk thread. 

— fusible, (Elec.) fuse wire. 

— métallique, wire. 

— nu, (Elec.) uninsulated wire. 

— recouvert, (Elec.) insulated wire. 

— retors, twine; double yam. 

— thermique, (Elec.) heating wire. 

— tranchant, cutting edge, sharp edge. 
filage, m. spinning, etc. (see filer); (Metal.) 

addition of fresh lead in the cupellation of 
argentiferous lead; (Bot.) Filago. 
filament, m. filament. 

— de charbon, carbon filament. 

— de mais, com silk, (Pharm.) sea. 
filamenteux, a. filamentous. 

filandre, /. thread, string, filament, specif.: a de- 
fect in glass ; gossamer ; a soft vein in marble. 

filandreux, a. stringy, thready, filamentous; 
streaky, veiny. 

uigiiizea Dy 





ut» 3>.pr. of filer; (of liquids) ropy. 

ttudenx, a. (of stones) veiny, containing'veins 
of softer material, streaky. 

lllMse» /. tow; (in general) unspun fibers. 

fllutUFe»/. spinning; spinning mill; twine mill. 

file» /. file; row. 

Illé» p.p. of filer. — m. thread. 

flier, v.t. spin; wiredraw, draw; run, draw 
(lines); spin out; conduct. — v.i. (of 
liquids) flow in a viscous stream, be ropy, 
rope; spin; (of stars) shoot; (of lamps) 
smoke; slip away; purr. 

filet» m. thread, fiber, filament; (of a screw) 
thread; (of a liquid) fine stream; net, 
netting, network; dash, stroke; (Prtnt- 
ing) rule. 

— à droite, right-handed thread (of screws). 

— à gauchct left-handed thread. 

— de via, screw thread. 

filetage» m. threading (of screws); wire- 
flleter» v.t. thread, cut a thread on; wiredraw, 

filière, /. drawplate; screw plate; a perforated 

plate for molding plastic substances; wire 

filiforme, a. filiform, 
filigrane, m. filigree; (Paper) watermark. — a. 

filigrane, p.a. filigreed, filigree; (Paper) 

flUn, m. rope, cordage. 
fllle, /. daughter; girl; maid; nun. 
filon, m. (Oeol. & Mining) vein, lode. 
filon-coache, n. vein-bearing rock. 
flionlen, a. pertaining to or containing veins or 

lodes (as, gtte filonien, vein deposit). 
filoselle, /. filoselle (coarse silk thread). 
flls, m. son; boy. — pi. of fil. 
filtrage, m. filtering, filtration. 
filtrant, p.a. filtering, filter. 
flltrateor, a. filtering. — m. filterer. 
filtration, /. filtration, filtering. 
flltratnm, m. filtrate. 
filtre, m. filter; strainer. — a. filter, filtering. 

— à analyse, analytical filter, (circle of) filter 

— à aspiration, suction filter. 

— à bougie, candle filter, cylinder filter. 

— à eau, water filter. 

— à Vamiante, asbestos filter. 

— à plie, plaited filter, folded filter. 

— à preaeion, pressure filter. 

— à aable, — au sable, sand filter. 

— à vide, vacuum filter. 

— Berkefeld, Berkefeld filter. 

— centrifuge, centrifugal filter. 

— Chamberland, Chamberland filter. 

— dos, closed (or inclosed) filtor. 

— dSgrossisseur, preliminary filtor. 

filtre en charbon, charcoal filter. 

— en papier, paper filter. 

— finisseur, final filter. 

— mécanique, mechanical filter. 

— plissé, plaited filter, folded filter. 

— sans pli, unplaited filter. 

— sans cendres, ashless filter. 
flltre-fontalne, m. a large vessel containing a 

filter and having a cock at the bottom. 
flltre-presse, m. filter press. 
filtrer, v.t. & i. filter. — v.r. be filtered, filter. 

— dans le vide, filter in vacuo, filter with 

flltreur, m. filterer, strainer. 

fin, a. fine; (of a cutting edge or an optical 

image) sharp; slender; acute. — m. end; 

fine metal; fine coal, coal dust; fine point, 

essence; fine linen. — adv. quite, 
à la — , at last; in the end; after all. 
en — de compte, in the end, finally, after all. 
fine champagne, a superior variety of brandy. 
flnage, m. {Metal., etc.) fining. 
final, a. final. 
finalement, adv. finally. 
flnanclel, a. financial. 
financier, a. financial. — m. financier. 
financièrement, adv. financially. 
fine, /. = fine champagne (under fin); (pi.) 

fines (specif., coal dust). — a. /«m. of fin. 
finement, adv. finely. 
fine-métal, m. (Iron) white pig. 
finerle, /. (Iron) finery, refinery. 
finesse, /. fineness; sharpness (as of an optical 

image); keenness; nicety; delicacy, 

finesse, subtlety. 
fin-fin, a. very fine, extra fine, 
fini, p.a. finished; finite. — m. finish; finite. 
finir, v.t. finish; end, complete. — v.i. end; 

cease, terminate. — v.r. end, cease; be 

finished, be completed. 
finissage, m. finishing. 
finisseur, m. finisher. — m. finishing, final. 
fiole,/, flask; Gess often) bottle; phial, vial. 

— à attaques, a pear-shaped flat-bottomed 
flask used in analysis for decompositions. 

— d gouttes, dropping bottle. 

— d jet, washing bottle, wash bottle. 

— à matières grasses, fat-eztraction flask. 

— à vide, filtering flask. 

— ballon, round flask (any flask with more or 
less nearly spherical body), balloon flask 
(when short-necked). 

— ballon à fond plat, flat-bottomed flask, 
Florence flask. 

— bouchée à Vémeri, flask with ground 
stopper, glass-stoppered flask. 

— conique, conical flask, specif. Erlenmeyec 

— d'Erlenmeyer, Erlenmeyer flask. 

— d'exbraetioih extraction flask. 





finie en Bohême^ flask of Bohemian glass. 

— en léruit flask of Jena glass. 

— tkUon, standard flask, normal flask. 

— forme bouteillet bottle-shaped flask. 

— forme poire, pear-shaped flask. 

— jattgéet graduated flask, volumetrio flask. 

— tutmUe, tubulated flask. 
flole-baUon, n. = fiole ballon, under fiole, 
fiorlte, /. (Afin.) fiorite. 

firent» p.def. s pi. of faire. 

firme, /. (Com.) firm. 

fis, p.def. 1 & B Hng. of faire. 

fisc» m. State treasury, exchequer, fiao. 

fiscftl, a. fiscal. 

fissent» imp. S pi. eiibj, of faire. 

fissile» a. fissile. 

fissUlté» /. fiasiUty. 

fissuration» /. fissuration. 

fissnre» /. fiissure. 

fissurer» v.t. & r. fissure. 

fistule» /. fistula. 

fistnlenx» a. fistulous, fiatular. 

fit» p.def. s sing, of faire. 

fit» imp. S eing. avbj. of faire. 

fixage» m. fixing. 

fixateur» m. fixing agent (as Photog.); fixative; 

stabilizer; fixer. — a. fixing; stabilizing. 
fixe» a. fixed (specif., not volatilizable). — m. 

fixed substance; fiixed star; fixed salary. 
fixé» p.a. fixed. 
fixement, adv. fixedly. 
fixer» v.t. fix. — V.T. fix, become fixed. 
fixité» /. fixity, fixedness; stability. 
n. Symbol for fluorine. 
flache» /. flaw; crack; depression; inequality. 
flachenx, a. flawy. 
flacon, m. bottle. 

— à haume du Canada, balsam bottle. 

— à bec, lipped bottle. 

— absorbeiw, absorption bottle. 

— à capsule à vis, bottle with screw cap. 

— à collections, specimen bottle, museum 

— à colorants, staining bottle. 

— à cuvette, a bottle having a depression 
around the base of the neck to catch liquid 
that runs down. 

— à densité, specific gravity bottle, pycnom- 

— d double bouchage, a bottle with a cap fit- 
ting on over the stopper. 

— à étroite ouverture, narrow-mouthed bottle. 
-~ à lait, milk bottle. 

— à large ouverture, a (comparatively) wide- 
mouthed bottle (a very wide-mouthed 
bottle, as one for salts, is called bocal). 

— d Vémeri, ~ flacon bouché à l'émeri. 

— d pied, a bottle with a special base (as for 
museum use). 

^- d pression, pressure bottle. 

flacon à réactifs, reagent bottle. 

— à robinet, bottle with stopcock (usually at 
the bottom). 

— à saceharification, saccharification bottle, 
pressure bottle. 

— d strop, sirup bottle (esp. a wide-mouthed 
lipped bottle with sloping shoulder). 

— d tare, weighing bottle, weighing tube. 

. — bouché à l'émeri, bottle with ground stop- 
per, glass-stoppered bottle. 

— camphored, a sort of wide-mouthed bottle. 

— compte^outtes, dropping bottle. 

— coniçpie, conical bottle. 

— de Wouife, — de Woolf, Woulfe bottle. 

— gramme, gram bottle, specific gravity 

— laveur, washing bottle (for gases). 

— marin, a stocky square bottle. 

— pour réactifs, reagent bottle. 

— prismatique, a wedge-shaped bottle used 
in color tests. 

— récepteur, receiving bottle. 

— tubule, tubulated bottle. 
flair, m. smell, scent; sense of smell. 
flairer, v.t. smell; smell out. 

flamand, a. Flemish. — m. Flemish (lan- 
guage); (cap.) Fleming. 

flambage, m, flaming, etc. (see flamber). 

flambart, m. grease skimmed from the surface 
of water in which meat (esp. pork) is 
cooked; half-consumed charcoal. 

flambé, p.a. flamed, etc. (see flamber) ; (Ceram.) 
flambé. — m. (Ceram.) flambé glaze. 

flamlieau, m. torch; candle; candlestick; 

flamber, v.t. flame, pass thru or before fire; 
sterilize (instruments, etc. with a flame); 
singe (cloth, etc.). — v.i. flame, blaze; 
yield (to pressure). 

flambeur, m. (Textiles) singer. 

flamboiement m, flaming, etc. (see flam- 

flamboyer, v.i. flame, blaze, flash, glitter. 

flambure, /. (Dyeing) imevenness of coloring. 

flamme, /. flame; streamer, pennant. 

— de Bengale, Bengal light. 

— éclairante, luminous flame. 

— nue, naked flame, free flame. 

— oxydante, — d'oxydation, oxidizing flame. 

— réductrice, — de réduction, reducing flame. 
flammé, a. flamelike, wavy; (Ceram.) flambé. 

— m. (Ceram.) flambé glaze. 
flammèche, /. flaming or burning particle, 

spark; (in the Leblanc soda process) 

flammette, /. small flame. 
flan, m. disk, plate, planchet. 
flanc, m. flank, side. 
Flandre, /. Flanders. 
flanelle, /. flannel. 

uigitized by 





flanquer, v.t. flank; throw, toss. 

flasque, a. flabby, flaccid, soft, weak. — /. 

flask (as for mercury). — m. plate, side 

plate, cheek plate; support. 
flatter, v.t. flatter; soothe; caress. 
flatteur, a. flattering; caressing. 
flatueux, a. flatulent. 
flatuosité, /. flatulence, flatulency. 
flayanillne, /. flavaniline. 
flaTone, /. flavone. 
flaTopurpnrlne, /. flavopurpurin. 
fléau, m. beam (e.g., of a balance) ; bar; flail; 

(fig.) scourge. 
flèche,/, arrow; sprout, shoot; (of sugar cane) 

top, head; deflection, bend, sag; (of an 

arch or trajectory) height; spire. 
fléchir, v.t. bend; (fig.) move. — v.t. bend; 

sdeld, give way; (of prices) fall. — v.r. 

bend; 3rield. 
fléchissement, m. bending, etc. (see fléchir); 

deflection; (of an arch) height. 
flegme, m. phlegm; (DistiUing) low wines, 
flétrir, v.t. wither, fade; brand. — v.r. wither, 

flétrissure, /. withering, fading; brand; 

fletter, v.t, smooth, dress, esp. on the edges 

(as glass or pottery). 
fleur, /. flower; surface; bloom (on fruits, 

etc.); hair side (of a hide or skin); mold 

(on wine, etc.); inner bark, part of the 

bark richest in tannin; fine flour. 
à — de, level with, even with, flush with; 


— d^alun, (M«n.) feather alum, alunc^en. 

— d*anHmoine, flower of antimony, anti- 
monious acid. 

— de chaux, (Min.) a powdery form of calcite. 

— de cinabre, a powdery form of cinnabar 
(native mercuric sulfide). 

— de farine, fine flour. 

— de muscade, mace. 

— (or fleurs) de soufre, flowers of sulfur. 

— (or fleurs) de tin, wine mold (Mycoderma 

fleurs d'amigue, (Pharm.) arnica flowers, 

fleurs d*arsenic, flowers of arsenic, sublimed 
arsenic triozide. 

fleurs de benjoin, flowers of benzoin (benzoic 

fleurs de bismuth, flowers of bismuth, sub- 
limed bismuth trioxide. 

fleurs de carthame, (Pharm.) safiSower. 

fleurs de cobalt, (Min.) cobalt bloom, eryth- 

fleurs de tous les mois, (Pharm.) calendula, 

fleurs de zinc, flowers of zinc, zinc oxide (sub- 

fleurage, m. an opaqueness produced on glass 
by hydrofluoric acid; grits, groats. 

fleuralson, /. (Bat.) flowering, efflorescence. 

fleurant, a. fragrant. 

fleurée, /. foam which forms in dyeing with 

fleurir, v.t. smell, give forth an odor. 

fleuret, m. floss silk; choice; borer, drill, bit. 

— de laine, choice wool. 
fleuri, a. flowery, flowered; florid. 
fleurir, v.t. flower, bloom; flourish. 
fleuron, m. flower, ornament. 
fleuTC, m. river. 

flexibilité, /. flexibiUty. 

flexible, a. flexible. — m. flexible tube or pipe. 

flexion, /. bending, flection, flexion; inflection. 

flint, flint-glass, m. flint glass. 

flocon, m. flock, floccule, flake; (of smoke) 

floconnement, m. flocculation. 

floconner, v.t. flocculate. 

floconneux, a. flocculent, flocky, flaky. 

floculant, p.a. flocculating. — m. flocculating 

floculation* /. flocculation. 

floculer, v.(. A r. flocculate. 

flondson, m. ÇBot.) flowering, efflorescence. 

floran, florau, m. (Paper) beating trough, 

flore, /. flora. 

florentin, a. Florentine. 

Floride, /. Florida. 

florlssalt, imp. S sing, of fleurir. 

florissant, a. flourishing. 

floss, m. (Metal.) floss: (a) vitrified material 
floating in a puddling furnace, (b) white 
cast iron for conversion into steel. 

flot, m. wave, billow; flood; sea; floating; 

flotomètre, m. an instrument for measuring the 
height of liquids by means of a float. 

flOtre, flotre, m. felt. 

flottant, p.a. floating; flowing, waving; waver- 
ing, uncertain. 

flotte, /. float; buoy; fleet; navy. 

flottement, m. floating; wavering. 

flotter, v.». float; waver, fluctuate. — t.U 

flotteur, m. float. — a. floating. 

— index, index float. 

fluate, m. fluate (old name for fluoride). 
fluaté, a. fluate (fluoride) of. (Obs.) 
fluctuant, a. fluctuating. 
fluctuation, /. fluctuation. 
fluctuer, v.t. fluctuate; waver. 
fluctueux, a. fluctuating. 
fluide, a. db m. fluid. 
fluldement, adv. fluidly, with fluidity. 
fluidifiant, a. fluidifying, fluidising. 
fluldlflcateur, a. fluidifying, fluidizing. 

uigiiized Dy '' 






luldillcation, /. fluidification, fluidùin^. 

fluidifier, v.t. fluidify, fluidize, render fluid. 

fluldlque, a. fluidic, fluid. 

fluidité» /. fluidity, fluidness; fluency. 

fluoborate» m. fluoborate. 

fluoborique, a. fluoboric. 

fluor» m. fluorine; (Min.) fluorite. — a. In the 

phrase spath fluor, fluor spar. 
fllioranthène» m. fluoranthene. 
fluoré» a. containing fluorine, fluoric. 
fluorène» m. fluorene. 
fluorescélne, /. fluorescein. 
fluoreseence» /. fluorescence. 
fluoreseent, a. fluorescent. 
fluoresdne, /. fluorescin. 
fluorhydrate» m. hydrofluoride. 
fluorhydrlque» a. hydrofluoric. 
fluorlflque» a. containing fluorine, fluoric. 
fluorine» /. (Min.) fluorite, fluor spar. 
fluorlque, a. fluoric (hydrofluoric). (06<.) 
fluoroforme» m. fluoroform. 
fluoromètre» m. fluorometer, fluormeter. 
fluorure» m. fluoride. 

— de carbone, carbon fluoride, specif, the 

fluosel» m. a salt which may be regarded as an 
oxysalt in which fluorine has replaced 
oxygen partially or completely. 

fluoslllcate» m. fluosilicate. 

fluosllldque» a. fluosiUcio. 

flux» m. flux; flow. 

— blanc, white flux. 

— noir, black flux. 

— rédticteur, reducing flux. 
fluxion, /. fluxion; inflammation. 

F.O., abbrev. (flamme oxydante) oxidizing flame. 

focal» a. focal. 

fcetal» a. fetal, foetal. 

fœtus» m. fetus, fœtus. 

fol» /. faith; proof. 

foie» TO. liver; (Old Chem.) liver, hepar. 

— d*anttino%ne, liver of antimony, hepar anti- 

— de morue, cod liver. 

— de soufre, liver of sulfur, hepar. 
foln» m. hay. 

fols» m. time. 

à la — , at once, at the same time, together. 

de — d autre, from time to time. 

deux — , twice. 

une — , once. 

une — que, when once; once as. 
foison» /. abundance. — adv. abundantly. 
foisonnant» p.a. swelling, etc. (see foisonner) ; 

abundant, extensive. 
foisonner» v.i. swell; increase, multiply; 

fol. Alternative maso, form of fou. 
foliacé» a. foliaceous. 
foliation» /. foliation. 

folle» /. madness; insanity; folly; 

folié» a. foliated; (Bot.) foliate, leafy. 

foUole, /. leaflet, foliole. 

folle» a. fern, of fou. 

follicule» /. follicle. 

fomentation» /. fomentation. 

fomenter» v.t. foment. 

fonçage» m. deepening, etc. (see foncer). 

foncé» a. (of colors) deep, dark; deepened, etc. 

(see foncer). 
fonceau» to. a table or slab on which glass pots 

are molded. 
foncement» to. deepening, etc. (see foncer); 

esp., the sinking of wells. 
foncer» v.t. deepen, darken, sadden (a color); 

dig, sink (a hole or shaft); lower; bottom 

(as casks) ; dry and solidify (sug^ loaves) ; 

prime, size, put the ground coat on. 
foncièrement, adv. thoroly; at bottom. 
fonction» /. function; office. 
en — de, as B. function of. 

— linéaire, linear function. 
fonctionnaire» m. functionary, official. 
fonctionnel» a. functional. 
fonctionnement» m. functioning; operation, 

fonctionner, v.i. function; work, operate, act. 
fond» to. bottom; foundation, base; groimd, 
background; ground coat; further end, 
back; depth. — pr. S sing, of fondre. 
— See also fonds. 
à — , completely, thoroly. 
à — plat, flat-bottomed, 
d — rond, round-bottomed. 
au — , at bottom, in reality. 
de — en comble, completely, entirely. 
faire — , rely, depend. 
fondage, to. founding. 
fondamental, a. fundamental; foundation. 
fondamentalement» adv. fundamentally; 

fondant» to. flux; (Med.) dissolvent; a soft 
bonbon. — of fondre. — o. (Med.) 

— de couverture, a covering of flux used as a 
protection from the air. 

— rédtùcteur, reducing flux, 
fondation» /. foundation. 

fondé» p.a. founded; well founded; author- 
ized. — TO. authorized person. 

— de pouvoir, attorney. 
fondement, m. foundation; reliance. 
fonder, v.t. found, base. — v.r. be founded; rely. 
fonderie» /. foundryi fotmding. 

— de bronze, bronze foundry (or founding), 
brass foundry (or founding). 

— de cuivre jaune, — de laiton, brass foundry, 
brass founding. 

— de fer, iron foundry, iron founding. 
fondeur, to. founder; melter; smelter; caster. 

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fondolr» m. meltixig house. 

— de suif, tallow melting house. 

fondre* v. t. melt, fuse; smelt; found; cast; 

dissolve; (ilfed.) dissolve, resolve; blend. 

— t».t. melt, fuse; melt away; dissolve; 

sink, fall in; fall (upon), nish (upon), 

burst. — vs. melt, fuse; melt away; 

blend, be blended. 
fondrier, m. {SaU) the end wall of a furnace. 
fondrilles, /.p2. lees, dregs, sediment. 
fonds» m. fund; ground, land; soil; (fig.) field; 

Umded estate; business. — pi. of fond. 

— courants, current funds. 

— de roulement, working capital. 

— KKtal, capital (of a company). 
fondu» p.a. melted, fused, etc. (see fondre). 
fondure» /. melted grease. 

fonger» t.%. (of paper) blot. 
fonglne» /. fungin. 
fongolde, a. fungoid. 
fongueux» a. fungous. 
fongus» m. fungus. 
font, pr. S pi. of faire. 

fontaine» /. fountain; spring; receptacle or 
fixture for delivering liquids, esp. water. 

— d robinet, water fixture; water reservoir 
with cock. 

fonte» /. cast iron, pig iron, pig; (in general) 
cast metal, crude metal; melting, fusion; 
melt, fused product; founding; casting; 
smelting; blend, blending (as of wools); 
lot of skins curried at one time; (of type) 
font; (formerly) brass, bronze. 
en — , cast-iron. 

— à affiner, forge pig. 

— à canon, gun pig. 

— à canon en bronze, gun metal. 

— à canon en fer, gim pig. 

— aciérée, steeled iron, steeled pig. 

— à V acide, acid fusion; (Foto) rendering in 
the presence of acid. 

— à Vair chaud, hot-blast pig. 

— à Vair froid, cold-blast pig. 

— à Vaikali, alkali fusion. 

— à noyau, cored casting. 

— au bois, — au charbon de bois, charcoal iron, 
charcoal pig. 

— au coke, coke pig. 

— aux cretons, rendering of fats by simple 
heating, the cracklings being strained off. 

— bigarrée, mottled pig. 

— blanche, white cast iron, white pig. 

— blanche miroitante, specular cast iron. 

— blanchie, fine iron. 

— caverneuse, porous cast iron, porous pig. 

— crue, crude cast metal; specif, pig iron. 

— cuivreuse, (Metal.) a process for obtaining 
silver or gold by production of a copper 
matte and subsequent separation of the 
precious metal. 

fonte d'acier, cast steel. 

— d'affinage, forge pig. 

— d'art, a quality of sine used in 
imitation bronze; artistic casting. 

— de bois, charcoal iron, charcoal pig. 

— de chrome, cast chromium, crude chro- 

— de fer, cast iron, pig iron, pig. 

— de manganèse, cast manganese, crude 

— de moulage, foundry iron, foundry pig. 

— dure, hard cast iron, chilled cast iron. 

— électrique, electric smelting. 

— en creux, hollow casting. 

— en gueuse, pig iron. 

— en pain de sucre, (fflass) fusion which is 
proceeding satisfactorily, as shown by the 
resemblance of the batch to a sugar loaf. 

— en saumon, pig iron. 

— épurée, refined cast iron. 

— graphiteuse, graphitic pig. 

— grise, gray cast iron, gray pig. 

— limaiUeuse, very graphitic iron, black 
(dark gray) cast iron. 

— maculée, mottled cast iron, mottled pig. 

— màUéable, malleable oast iron. 

— mêlée, cast iron of mixed gray and white 
color, mottled pig. 

— mitis, mitis casting; mitis metal. 

— moulée, cast iron, iron castings. 

— noire, black (very graphitic) cast iron. 

— plombeuse, {Metal.) = emplombage. 

— pour acier, cast iron for conversion into steeL 

— raffinée, refined cast iron, refined pig. 

— rubanée, mottled cast iron. 

— silicieuse, siliceous cast iron. 

— Spiegel, spiegeleisen. 

— tendre, soft (gray) cast iron. 

— truitée, mottled cast iron. 
forage, m. boring, drilling. 

force, /. force; power; strength; much, many; 
(pi.) shears, 
d — , hard, extremely. 
à — ^, by the strength of, by dint of, by 

means of. 
de — , by force, forcibly. 

— centrifuge, centrifugal force. 

— centripète, centripetal force. 

— de cheval, horsepower. 

— d'impulsion, momentum. 

— d^inertie, inertia, vis inertiœ. 

— en chevaux, horsepower. 

— Hectronwtrice, electromotive force. 

— morte, (Mech.) vis mortua, dead force. 

— motrice, motive power. 

— vive, (Mech.) vis viva, living force. 
forcement, m. forcing. 
forcément, adv. forcibly; necessarily. 
forcer, v.t. force. 

forcettes» small shears. 

y Google 




forelte» /. (Expl.) forcite. 

— antigriaouteuse, firedamp forcite. 
forer, v.t. bore, drill. 

forole» /. boring, drilling; boring machine, 

drill; boring house. 
forestier» a. forest. — m. forester. 
foret, m. drill, borer, boring bit, boring tool, 

gimlet, auger. 
forêt, /. forest. 
foret-rftpe, m. a combined drill and rasp for 

sampling sugar beets. 
foreuse, /. boring machine, drilling machine. 
forfait, p.a. forfeited. — m. contract; crime. 
forge, /. forge. 

— à l'anglaise, rolling mill. 

— d'affinerie, (MetcU.) refinery. 
forgé, p.a. forged; wrought (as iron). 
forgeable, a. forgeable, malleable. 
forgeage, forgement, m. forging. 
foiger, v.t. forge, work, hammer. 
forg^on, m. smith, blacksmith. 
forgls, m. wire iron. 
formaldehyde, m. formaldehyde. 
formanlllde, /. f ormanilide. 
format, m. size. 

formateur, formatlf, a. formative; creative. 

formation, /. forn^tion. 

forme, /. form; mold; shape; (pi.) manners. 

formel, a. formal. 

formellement, adv. formally. 

formène, m. methane. 

— perchlorê, carbon tetrachloride, tetrachlo- 

forménlque, a. methane, pertaining to methane. 
former, v.t. form; make, shape, mold. — v.r. 

form, be formed. 
formlamlde, /. formamide. 
formlate, m. formate. 

— d'ammoniaque, anmionium formate. 

— de potasse, potassium formate. 

— de soude, sodium formate. 
formidable, a. formidable; fearful; enormous. 
formlque, a. formic. 

formobenzolllque, a. A name used to desig- 
nate mandelic or phenylglycolic acid. 

formochlorlde, m. chloroform. 

fbrmogène, a. generating formaldehyde. 

formol, m. formol; (loosely) formaldehyde. 

formoler, v.t. treat with formol or formalde- 

formonltrlle, m. formonitrile (hydrocyanic 

formulable, a. capable of being formulated. 

formulaire, m. formulary. 

formulation, /. formulation. 

formule, /. formula. 

— brute, empirical formula (indicating the 
relative or, often, the absolute number of 
atoms of different kinds but not their mode 
of union). 

formule <Mmxque, chemical formula. 

— de constitution, constitutional formula, 
structural formula. 

— développée, structural formula. 

— empirique, empirical formula. 

— globale, summary formula. 

— rationnelle, rational formula. 
formuler, v.t. formulate, express in a formula. 

— v.r. be formulated, be stated; have the 

formyle, m. formyl. 

fort, a. strong; thick; hard, difiScult, severe; 
skillful, clever; (of soil) heavy. — m. 
strong part, thick part, best part, main 
part, strength, depth, height; forte; strong 
person; fort. — adv. strongb^, hard, fast; 
greatly, extremely, very. 

— peu soluble, very slightly soluble, almost 

fortement, adv. strongly, forcibly, firmly, hard. 
fortifiant, p. a. strengthening, fortifying. — m. 

(Med.) strength-giving medicine, tonic. 
fortifier, v.t. strengthen, fortify. 
fortuit, a. fortuitous, accidental. 
fortuitement, adv. fortuitously, by chance, as 

it happens. 
fortune, /. fortune; fortunate thing. 

de — , by chance, accidentally. 
fortuné, a. fortunate. 
forure, /. drilled hole, bored hole, bore. 
fosse, /. pit, hole, excavation, cavity; ditch, 

trench; grave; (Anat.) fossa. 

— à mouler, molding pit. 

— d'aisances, cesspool. 

— de fonderie, foundry pit. 

— nasale, (Anat.) nasal fossa. 

— septique, (Sewage) septic tank. 
fossé, m. ditch, drain. 

fossile, a. A m. fossil. 

fou (or foï), a. crazy; (of things) xmsteady; 

irregular; (Mach.) loose, idle; (Bot.) wild, 

foolish; prodigious; wanton. 
foudre, m. lightning, thunderbolt, thunder: 

tun, vat, large cask (containing as much as 

300 hi.), specif, one sometimes used for the 

first fermentation of wine. 
foudroiement, m. striking with lightning, etc. 

(see foudroyer). 
foudroyante, /.(Pyro.) a rocket making a noise 

in imitation of thunder. 
foudroyer, v.t. strike by lightning or by any 

powerful electric discharge; thunderstrike; 

destroy, overwhelm. — v.i. thunder. 
fouet, m. whip; whipcord; lash; whipping; 

(Plass) a workman who anneals bottles. 
fouetter, v.t. whip; lash, beat, pelt; streak. 

— v.i, beat, lash, pelt. 
fougère, /. fern. 

— male, male fern, (Pharm.) aspidium. 
fouille, /. excavation, digging; cavity. 

uigiiizea Dy 





r» v4. excavate, dig; search, explore. 

— «.t. dig; search, explore. 
fouir» v.t. dig; sink (a well); burrow. 
foolage, m. pressing, etc. (see fouler). 
foule» /. multitude, great number; crowd; 

en — , in crowds, in great quantity. 
foulée, /. pile (of skins); bhist (of a bellows); 

tread (of a step). 
foulement» m. pressing, etc. (see fouler). 
fouler, v.t. press, crush, squeese (as grapes); 

compress (as air); full, mill (cloth or 

leather); tread, tramp, trample; oppress; 

foulerle, /. fulling mill. 
fouleur, m. (Textiles, etc.) fuller, mill man. 
foulolr, m. crusher (as for grapes); beater; 

rammer, tamper; fulling mill. 

— d trè,nie, hopper crusher. 

— pressoir, a combination crusher and press 
for fruits. 

foulon, m. fuller (of cloth) ; (Leather) a vat in 
which leather is given a supplementary 

foulonner, v,t, full, mill. 

foulonnler, m. fuller, mill man. 

foulure, /. fulling, milling; treading; sprain. 

four, m. furnace; kiln; oven; stove. 

— à acier, steel furnace. 

— à altuleh, aludel furnace, Bustamente fui^ 

— à bUuir, bluing kiln (for tile). 

— à hovianger, baker's oven; (Coke) beehive 

— à hriques, brick kiln. 

— à carbonater, (Soda) black-ash furnace. 

— à cémenter, cementation furnace. 

— à c?uimbre, chambered furnace or kiln, 
specif, a gas-retort furnace. 

— à chaux, lime kiln. 

— acide, aoid-lined furnace. 

— d coke, coke oven. 

— d coke à récupération, by-product coke 

— d coupeiier, cupellation furnace, muffle 

— d eretuets, crucible furnace. 

— d cuire, (Glass) annealing oven, leer. 

— d cute, shaft furnace. 

— d cuvette, (Soda) a salt-cake furnace using 
pots, as distinguished from a mechanical 

— d dalles, shelf burner (as for burning pyrites 

— d émaiUer, enameling furnace (a kind of 
muffle furnace). 

— d étendre, (Glass) flattening furnace or 

— d fondre, melting furnace (as for glass). 

— d galères, gallery furnace, galley. 

four d ga», gas furnace; gas kiln; gas oven. 

— d incinérer, incinerator. 

— d manche, small shaft furnace, cupola. 

— d moufle, muffle furnace. 

— d pain, baking oven, bread oven. 

— d pétrole, petrol furnace, gasoline furnace. 

— d plâtre, plaster kiln, specif, one for burn- 
ing gypsum to plaster of Paris. 

— d poix, pitch oven. 

— d puddler, puddling furnace. 

— d réchauffer, reheating furnace, heating 

— d recuire, annealing furnace or oven. 

— d refroidir, (Glass) a furnace (or compart- 
ment of a furnace) in which window glass 
is cooled gradually after being flattened. 

— d résine, resin oven. 

— d réverbère, reverberatory furnace. 

— d ruche, (Coke) beehive oven. 

— à sel de soude, soda-ash furnace. 

— d sole, hearth with bed. 

— d soude, soda furnace. 

— d souffler. = four-ouvreau. 

— d soufre, brimstone burner, sulfur furnace. 

— d tubes, tube furnace. 

— d tuHes, tile kiln. 

— basique, basic-lined furnace. 

— beige, (Zinc) Belgian furnace. 

— belge-siUsien, (Zinc) a combined Belgian 
and Silesian furnace. 

— d'affinage, — d'affinerie, (Iron) refinery, 

— continu, — coulant, continuous furnace or 

— d'attrempage, (Glass) a furnace in which the 
pots are given a preliminary heating, pot 

— de fusion, melting furnace. 

— de galère, gallery furnace, galley. 

— de recuisson, (Glass) annealing oven, leer. 

— de travail. » four-ouvreau. 

— électrique, electric furnace. 

— liégeois, (Zinc) Liege furnace, Belgian fur- 

— Martin, — Martin-Siemens, Siemens- 
Martin furnace, open-hearth furnace. 

— mécanique, mechanical furnace. 

— Perrot, Perrot furnace (a gas furnace for 
heating crucibles or one for cupellation). 

— rotatif, (Cement, etc.) rotary kiln, rotatory 
kiln, rotating kiln; (Metal.) rotating 

— siUsien, (Zinc) Silesian furnace. 

— soufflé, blast furnace. 

— tubulaire, tube furnace. 

— tuyère, blast furnace. 

(For other phrases see the corresponding 
phrases under fourneau.) 
fourbir, v.^ furbish, clean, burnish. 
fourche, /. fork. 

uigitized by 





fourché» p.a. forked, branched. 
fourcher, v.i. & r. fork, branch. 
fourchette, /. (small) fork; table fork. 
fourchon, m. prong (of a fork). 
fourchu, a. forked, branching. 
fourchure, /. fork, forking, branching. 
fourgon, m. wagon, car, van; poker, stirrer. 
fourmi, /. ant. 

fourmiller, v.i. swarm, abound; tingle. 
fournaise, /. furnace. 

fourneau, m. furnace; kiln; oven; stove; 
chamber (of a mine); (military) mine. 

— à bassine^ a stove or brazier consisting of 
a deep vessel with a circular top. 

— à calciner, calcining furnace, calciner. 

— à charbon, charcoal stove or furnace; 
charcoal pit. 

— à coupelle, cupellation furnace. 

— à flammes, (Mercury) a double reverbera- 
tory furnace used at Idria. 

— d gaz, gas stove; gas furnace. 

— à main, portable stove or furnace. 

— à rMir, roasting furnace. 

— à sécher, drying stove, drying furnace. 

— à tubes, a furnace or stove provided with 
inlet and outlet tubes for the use of gaseous 
fuel; tube furnace (for heating tubes). 

— à vases dos, closed-vessel furnace (includ- 
ing chamber, mufSe, crucible and retort 

— à vent, blast furnace. 

— Catalan, Catalan forge (or furnace). 

— d'artifice, p3rrotechnic furnace. 

— de calcinage, calcining furnace, calciner. 

— de cuisine, kitchen stove, kitchen range. 

— dc grillage, roasting furnace. 

— de laboratoire, laboratory furnace, chemical 

— d'émaiUeur, enameler's furnace (a kind of 
mufSe furnace). 

— de raffinage, refining furnace. 

— d'essai, assay furnace. 

— de verrerie, glass furnace. 

— générateur, generator (for fuel gas). 

— rotatoire, rotary furnace, revolving furnace. 
haut — , blast furnace. 

(For other phrases see the corresponding 
phrases under four.) 

fournée, /. charge (in a furnace or kiln), batch, 
baking, ovenful, kilnful. 

fournette, /. small reverberatory furnace. 

fourni, p.a. furnished, provided; thick. 

fournir, v.t. furnish, provide, supply. — r.t. 
(with à) provide (for), pay (for). 

fouriiissement, m. furnishing, etc. (see four- 
nir); share (of capital). 

fournisseur, m. furnisher, supplier, purveyor, 
seller, source; (Founding) ingate. 

fourniture, /. furnishing, etc. (see fournir) ; pro- 
vision, supply; supplies; specif., bedding. 

four-ou¥reau, m. (Olass) a furnace with laige 

openings at which the workmen heat the 

glass while blowing it, " blowing hole." 
fournie, m. forage, fodder, food for animais 

(esp. hay, straw, etc.) ; foraging. 
fourrager, v.t. db i. forage; pillage; rummage. 

— o. forage, fit for forage. 
fourré, p a. thrust, inserted, etc. (see fourrer) ; 

bushy, woody (country) ; furry, furred. 
fourreau, m. cover, covering, case, casing, 

sheatJi, scabbard. 
fourrer, v.t. thrust, insert, put; cram, stuff; 

line with fur; line with wood, serve (rope). 
fourreur, m. furrier. 
fourrier, m. quartermaster. 
fourrure, /. fur; furring, wood lining; nest (of 

tubs, coppers or the like). 
four-séchoir, m. drying oven, drying furnace. 
fourroyer, v.t. mislead. — v.r. err, be wrong. 
fouteau, foyard, m. beech, beech tree. 
foyer, m. hearth; fire; light, source of light 

focus; furnace; fire box; foyer, lobby. 

— à grille, grate hearth, grate furnace. 

— alandier, = alandier. 

— d réchauffer, reheating hearth. 

— d'affinage, — d'afflnerie, (Metal.) refinery, 
finery hearth. 

— de raffinerie, (Metal.) refinery, fining 

— écossais, (Lead) Scotch hearth. 

— gazogène, gas producer, producer. 

— réel, real focus. 

— supérieur, (of a blast furnace) part above 
the boshes, main body, belly. 

— virtuel, virtual focus. 

F.1K., ahbrev. (flamme réductrice) reducing flame. 
fracas, m. crash, crashing, noise; tumult. 
fracasser, v.t. shatter, break. 
fraction, /. fraction. 
fractionnaire, a. fractional. 
fractionné, p.a. fractional; fractionated. 
fractionnement, m. fractioning, fractionation. 
fractionner, v.t. fractionate, fraction. 
fracture, /. fracture; breaking. 
tmetUTet, v.t. break, fracture. 
fragile, a. fragile, brittle, frail. 
fragilité, /. fragiUty, fragilenees, frailness. 
fragment, m. fragment. 
fragmentaire, a. fragmentary. 
fragmentation, /. fragmentation. 
fragmenter, v.t. break into fragments. 
fragrance, /. fragrance. 
fragrant, a. fragrant. 

frid, m. spawning; spawn; small fry; fraying, 
etc. (see frayer). See also frais. 

— de grenouille, frog spawn. 
fraîche, a. fern, of frais. 
fraîchement, adv. freshly, recently; coolly. 
fraîcheur, m. coolness; freshness; chill; gentle 


Digitized by 





firatchlr» v.i. become cooler; (of wind) freshen. 
frais» a. fresh; recent; cool. — m. freshness; 

coolness; fresh air; cool place. — adv. 

freshly; recently; coolly. — ex- 
pense, expenses, cost, costs, charges. — pi. 

of frai. 
— scolaires, tuition, tuition fee. 
fraise, /. strawberry; cutting file, cutter, mill- 
ing tool; reamer; countersink; mesentery, 

crow (of a calf, lamb or the like) ; ruffle, frill. 
fraiser, v.t. bore; ream; mill; plait. 
fraiseuse, /. milling machine. 
ft«l8ier, m. strawberry (plant). 
ftwIsO, m. coal cinders. 
framboise, /. raspberry. 
framboise, a. having a raspberrylike surface, 

mamixdllated; having a raspberry odor or 

flnuiC, a. pure, unadulterated; true, real; full, 

complete, whole; free; frank. — adv. 

fully, completely, quite; frankly. — m. 

franc (19.3 cents or 9.4 d.). 
ftmncais, a. French. — m. French (language) ; 

(rap.) Frenchman. 
Itanefort, m. Frankfort, Frankfurt. 
Itancfort-siir-Meln, m. Frankfort on the 

Main, Fk-ankf urt am Main. 
franclie, a. fem. of franc. 
frandiement, adv. frankly; purely; free. 
franelilr, v.t pass; pass over, cross; exceed; 

surmount; jump over; clear. 
francliise, /. exemption (as from duty or tax) ; 

immunity; franking privilege; frankness; 

franciilssement, m. passing, etc. (see franchir). 
franco, adv. free, carriage paid, postpaid. 
franse, /. fringe. 
franger, v.t. fringe. 

ft«nsibillté, /. frangibility, frangibleness. 
ft«nsible, a. frangible, breakable, fragile. 
franguline, /. frangulin. 
frappage, m. striking, etc. (see frapper); 

stamp, impression. 
fr^Pi^» P-o- struck; stamped; iced; (of cloth) 

strong, close; forcible, spirited. 
4<re — de, be affected with, have, exhibit; be 

struck with. 
frappement, m. striking, etc. (see frapper). 
frapper, v.t. strike; hit, knock, beat, stamp; 

press into cakes (as soap) ; ice (wines, etc.); 

affect. — v.i. strike; hit, knock, beat. 
frappeur, m. striker, beater, knocker, stamper. 

— a. striking, beating, etc. 
fraude, /. fraud. -4 

frauder, v.t. adulterate; defraud; smuggle in. 
frauduleusement, adv. fraudulently. 
frauduleux, a. fraudulent. 
frayer, v.L fray, rub, graze, wear; open (a 

way). — v.i. associate; wear, wear away. 
frein, m. brake: check, curb; bit, bridle. 
freindre, v.i. shrink. 

freiner, v.t brake. 

freinte, /. shrinkage, loss (as of a substance 

during manufacture). 
frelatage, frelatement, m., frelatatlon, fke- 

laterle, /. adulteration, sophistication. 
frelater, v.t. adulterate, sophisticate. 
frelateur, m. adulterator, sophisticator. 
frêle, a. frail, fragile. 
frelon, m. hornet. 
frémir, v.i. be agitated, vibrate, tremble, 

shake, quiver, (of water) simmer; rustle, 

murmur, roar. 
frémissement, m. agitation, vibration,||[etc. 

(see frémir). "^ 

frêne, m. ash (tree or wood). 

— épineux, prickly ash (ZarUhoxylum). 
fréquemment, adv. frequently. 
fréquence, /. frequency. 
fréquent, a. frequent. 
fréquentation, /. attendance (on courses); 

frequenting, fréquentation. 
fréquenter, v.t. attend (classes); frequent. 

— v.i. resort (to); associate (with). 
frequln, m. a cask for sugar, sirup, etc. 
frère, m. brother. 
fresque, /. fresco. 

fret, m. freight; chartering (of a vessel). 
fréter, v.t. freight, load; charter. 
frette, /. hoop, ring, band, tire. 
fretter, v.t. hoop; flange; build up (a gun). 
friabUlté, /. friability. 
friable, a. friable. 
friche, /. fallow, fallow land. 
friction, /. (Med.) rubbing, friction. 
frictionner, v.t. rub. 
frigidité, /. frigidity, coldness, frigidness» 
frigorifère, m. cold chamber, refrigerating 

chamber, refrigerator, refrigerating appa- 
frigorlflcation, /. refrigeration, production of 

cold. (See frigorifier). 
frigorifier, e.t. produce cold. — v.t. refrigerate, 

esp. at low temperature, freeze (as meat). 
frigorifique, a. refrigerating, refrigeration, 

cold-producing, frigorifie; (of mixtures) 

frire, v.t., i. & r. fry. 
Frise, /. Friesland. 
friser, v.t. curl, crisp; graze; be near. — v.i, 

curl, crisp. 
frissonner, v.i. shiver, quiver, shake. 
frit, p.p. <k pr. S sing, of frire. 
frittage, m. fritting. 
fritte, /. frit; fritting. 
fritter, v.t. A i. frit, fuse partially. 
fritteur, m. fritter. 

fritteux, a. of the nature of a frit, fritty; suit- 
able for making frit. 
frittler, m. fritter. 
friture, /. frsring; frying oil, frying fat; fried 


uigitizea Dy v,jv^v_/' 





froid* a. cold. — m. cold; coldneas. 

à — , cold, in the cold. 
ftoldement, adv. coldly, frigidly, coolly. 
froideur, /. coldness, chill. 
ftoidnre» /. cold, coldness, cold weather. 
fhrfdnreax, a. cold. 

ftoiiser, v.t. rub; rumple; bruise; offend. 
ftolsrare, /. bruise; rumple, wrinkle. 
fMlement, m. gracing, brudiing, contact. 
fMier» v.t. graze, brush, pass over. 
ftomage» m. cheese; a cheesenshaped support 
for crucibles, crucible stand. 

— à la crèmet cream cheese. 

— à pâte ferme (or ri9i8tanU)t hard cheese. 

— à pâte maUe, soft cheese. 

— crut uncooked cheese. 

— cuit, cooked cheese. 

— dé HoUande, Dutch cheese. 

— d'Bidamt Edam cheese. 

— demùçroê, cheese from partially skimmed 
milk, single cheese. 

— fermentit fermented cheese. 

— fraia, fresh or unfermented cheese, cottage 

— graa, rich cheese (either cream cheese, 
whole-milk cheese, or filled cheese contain- 
ing an equivalent amount of fat). 

— maigre, skim-milk cheese. 

— mou, soft cheese. 

ftomi^^er, m. cheese mold; cheese maker; 

cheese dealer; (Bot.) silk-cotton tree. 
flromagerie* /. cheese factory; cheese room; 

cheese e^op; cheese trade. 
ftomageux, a. cheesy. 
froment, m. wheat. 

— aubaine, hard wheat, dunmi wheat. 

— de Turquie (or dee Indes, or d'Eapagne), 
(Indian) corn, maise. 

— ipeautre, spelt. 

— toueeUe, a kind of beardless wheat. 
fromentacéf a. frumentaceous. 
fromentacée, /. frumentaceous plant. 
fromental, m. oat grass; rye grass. 
fromenteiix, a. wheat-producing, wheat. 
frondaison, m. foliage; leafing time. 
fronde, /. sling; frond (of ferns) ; foliage. 
front, m. front; face; brow, forehead; head. 

de — , in front; simultaneously, at the same 
time; abreast. 

— de taille, (Mining) working face. 
frontière, /. À a. frontier, boundary, border. 
frontispice, m. frontispiece. 

frottage, m. rubbing, etc. (see frotter). 
frottement, m. friction; rubbing, etc. (see 

— de gliseement, sliding friction. 

— de roulement, rolling friction. 

frott», v.t. rub; grind (as glass); scour; 
polish. — v.i. rub each other; rub up 
(with), associate; meddle (with). — m. 
rubbing, friction. 

frottenr, m. rubber; friction piece; (Plee.) 

rubbing contact. 
frottis, m. thin coat, wash (as of a transparent 

color); polish. 
frottoir, m. rubber; polisher. 
frou-frou, froufrou, m. rustling, froufrou. 
fructifier, v.i. fructify; be fruitful. 
fructose, /. fructose. 

fructueusement, adv. fruitfully, profitably. 
fructueux, a. fruitful; profitable. 
fruit, m. fruit. 
fruits de fenouil, (Pharm.) fennel, fennel fruit, 

fennel seed. 
fruité, a. fruity. 
ftuito", v.t. fruit, bear fruit. 
fruitier, a. fruit, fruit-bearing. — m. ftruiterer; 

fruit room; fruit rack. 
ftumentacé, a. frumentaceous, cereal. 
frustrer, v.t. deprive; frustrate. 
fuchsine, /. (Dyes) fuchsine, f uchsin. 
facose, n. fucose. 
fugace, a. fugitive; fleeting. 
fugacité, /. fugitiveness; transiency. 
f^lgitif, a. fugitive. 
fai, p.p. of fuir. 
fuir, v.i. escape, leak; (of colors) fade; fly, 

flee; retreat, recede; evade, avoid. — v.t. 

flee from, avoid, escape. 
fuite, /. leak, leakage, leaking, escape; fading; 

flight; evasion, shift; avoidance. 
fulguration, /. (Assaying) fulguration, bright- 
ening; flashing. 
falgurite, m. fulgurite. 
fuligineux, a. sooty, smoky, fuliginous. 
fuliginosité, /. fuliginosity, sootiness, soot. 
ftalmicoton, ftalml-coton, m. guncotton. 

— solvJble, soluble guncotton, psrrozylin. 
fulminant, p.a. fulminating. 
fulminate, m. fulminate. 

— d'argent, silver fulminate. 

— de mercure, mercury fulminate. 
fulmlnaterie, /. fulminate factory. 
fulmination, /. fulmination, detonation. 
fulminer, v.t. detonate; fulminate, rage. 
fulminique, a. fulminic. 
fulminurlque, a. fulminuric. 
fuimi-paiile, /. (Expl.) nitrated straw. 
ftaimison, m. (Expl.) nitrated bran. 
ftamage,m. fuming; smoking; (A ^rtc.) manur- 

ftimalson, m. (Agric.) manuring, dunging. 
ftimant, p.a. fuming; smoking; steaming; 

ftamarate, m. fumarate. 
ftamarine, /. fumarine. 
ftamarique, a. fumaric. 
ftamarolle, /. (Oeol.) fiimarole. 
fumé, p.a. smoked, smoky; fumed; manured. 
fumée,/, fume; smoke; smoke gas, flue gas. 

— de Londres, London smoke (denoting the 
color of a dark glass made for optical use). 

uigiiizeci Dy '' 





ftamée» sans — , smokeless. 

ftlOMT» «.t. fume; smoke; steam; reek. — v. t. 

fume; smoke; manure. 
ftunerolle, ftamoole» /. (Geol.) fumarole. 
flmneroilt m. half-burnt (or smoky) charcoal. 
ftamet, m. aroma, odor. 
ftuneterre» m. (Bot,) fumitory (Fumaria). 
fltameiix, a. smoky; (of wine) fumy, heady. 
ftamicr» m. manure, dung; dunghill. 

— de ferme, farm manure. 
ftamlgmteiir, m. fumigator. 
ftamlgfttlon, /. fumigation. 
ftimlgmtolre» a. fumigating. 
ftimlgèiie» a. smoke-producing, fumigenic. 
— m. smoke-producing substance, f umigen. 
ftamlger, t.t. fumigate. 
ftamlste» m. builder or repairer of chimneys, 

furnaces, ovens, etc.; stove setter. 
fumisterie» /. building or repair of chimneys, 

ovens, furnaces, etc. 
ftamlTore, a. smoke-consuming. — m. smoke 

ftamnrey /. manuring, fertilising; manure, fer- 
ftmeste» a. fatal, disastrous; sinister. 
ftmstne, /. fungin. 

ftanlcalalre» a, fimicular. — m. fimicular 
curve, catenary; funicular (or cable) rail- 
way; funicular machine. 
tar» m. In the phrases à fur et menare, au fur et 

à meiure, in proportion. 
ftarmniqae» a. of or pertaining to furan. 
oc-tamiol» m. o-furasole (isoxazole). 
^tarmsol» m. /S-furazoIe (oxazole). 
tarent» p.def. S nng. of 6tre (to be). 
tareur» m. fury, rage, passion. 
tartaraeé» a. furfuraceous, branny, scurfy. 
tartarane» m. furan (or fiutme), furfuran (or 

tartarane-earboiilque, a. furancarbozylic. 
tartaranlque» a. of or pertaining to fiuttn (or 

tartarlne» /. furfurine. 
tartarol» m. furfurole (better called furalde- 

hyde or furfural). 
tartaroliqne» a. In the phrase alcool furfurol- 

igue, furfuryl alcohol (2-furancarbinol). 
tarleiix» a. furious; tremendous, extraordinary. 
ruroncle» m. (Med.) furuncle, boil. 
taroneulose» /. (Med.) furunculosis. 
tasaln» m. spindle tree (Evoni/mtu); charcoal 
for drawing; charcoal crayon; charcoal 
tasant» p.a. fusing, etc. (see fuser) ; (of fuse?, 

etc.) time; (of compositions) fuse. 
taseAU» m. spindle (in various senses); pin, 

axle, arbor. 
tasée» /. fuse, fuse; rocket; fusee, fuzee; 
(Olaas) a tool for enlarging openings; 
(Mach.) axle arm, barrel, journal, spindle; 
(Spinning) spindleful, cop. 

tasée à baouette, rocket and stick. 

— à coneuseiont concussion fuse. 

— à double effet, double-action fuse, combina- 
tion fuse. 

— à durée, time fuse. 

— à effet retardé, delay-action fuse. 

— à la Congreve, Congreve rocket. 

— à obue, shell fuse; shell rocket. 

— à tempe, time fuse. 

— deBickford, Bickford fuse. 

— d*édair, flash rocket. 

— d'éclairaçe, light rocket. 

— de sûreté, safety fuse. 

— d* honneur, (Pyro.) signal rocket. 

— éclairante, rocket flare. 

— éclatante, star rocket. 

— fuaante, time fuse. 

— instantanée, instantaneous fuse, quick 

— lente, slow match. 

— lumineuse, light rocket. 

— mixte, combination fuse. 

— percutante, percussion fuse. 

— réglée, time fuse. 

— retardée, delay-action fuse. 

— vite, quick match. 

— tclante, sky rocket. 
tasée-détonateiir» n. detonating fuse. 
tasée-slsnal, /. signal rocket. 
taseU» a. spindle-flhaped, fusiform. 

tasOT» v.i. fuse, melt; (of salts on glowing char- 
coal) react with crackling or sputtering; 
(of pyrotechnic compositions) burn with- 
out exploding; (of colors) spread. 

tasibUlté» /. fusibility. 

taslble, a. fusible. 

tasil» m. (small) gun, rifle, (formerly) musket; 
steel (for striking fire or sharpening). 

tasUlette» /. small rocket. 

taslon» /. fusion. 

— à la soufflerie, sealing with the blast. 

— aqueuse, aqueous fusion. 

— ignée, igneous fusion. 
tasionner, v.t., r. & i. fuse, unite, blend. 
tassent» imp. S pi. suhj. of être (to be). 
tastet» tastel» m. fustet (Cotinus cotinus or its 


tastoc, tastok» m. fustic. 

tat» p.def. S sing, of être (to be). 

tat» m. cask, barrel; ehaft, trunk, pole, post; 
stock, frame, brace, handle. — imp. S sing, 
subj. of être (to be). 

tataie, /. timber forest; large tree. 

tatatUe» /. cask, barrel; casks, barrels. 

tataUlerle, /. wood for casks. 

tatée» /. a cement composed of glue and saw- 

tattle, a. futile. 

tatur, a. <k m. future. 

tayant, p.a. escaping, etc. (see fui.); leaky; 
(of colors) fugitive, p ooolp 
uigiiizea Dy VJVJVJ v IC 

gâchage» m. mixing, etc. (see gftcher). 
giche, /. staple. 

gichée, /. batch, mixing (of cement, etc.). 
gftcher» v.t. mix, temper (cement, mortar, etc.) ; 
slake (lime); bungle, botch. 

— c2at>, — lâche, mix thin. 

— terri, mix stiff. 

gftchls» m. mortar; mud, mire; slush; (fig.) 

gadollnlte» /. (Min.) gadolinite. 

gadollnliim» m. gadolinium. 

gadoue» /. night soil. 

gl^^er» v.t. gain; get, obtain, earn, reach. 

— v.i. gain; improve. 
g*if a. gay; brisk, spirited, lively; (of colors) 

bright; (of mechanical parts) loose, having 

galac» m. guaiacum (tree or wood). 
ga&M-« (in names of compounds) guaiac-. 
galacol» m. guaiacol. 
gallleterie» /. coal in small lumps; small lump 

of coal. 
gatlleteux, a. lumpy, lump, rubbly (as coal). 
gallletln» m. coal in small pieces; small piece 

of coal. 
galllette» /. coal in lumps, rubbly coal; lump 

or piece of coal. 
gain» m. gain. 
gaine» /. sheath, case; shaft; flue; (of a fuse 

or shell) gaine, priming tube. 
gainer» t.t. sheath, incase. 
galnerle» /. making or selling of sheaths or cases; 

case maker's art or business. 
galze, /. (Petrog.) gaize. 
galaetagogae, a. db m. {Med.) galac tagog(ue). 
galactane» m. galactan. 
galactate» m. lactate. 
galactldenslmètre» m. galactodensimeter, 

galactique» a. lactic; (Astron.) galactic. 
galactomètre, m. galactometer. 
galactométrle» /. galactometry. 
galactonlque» a. galactonic. 
galactose, /. galactose; (Physiol.) galactosis. 
galactotlmètre» m. galactotimeter (a form of 

galaheptonlque, a. galaheptonic. 
galalithe» m. galalith. 
galanga» m. (PJiarm.) galangal, galanga; (Bot.) 

any member of the genus Alpina. 
galazyme» m. a fermented beverage made from 

gaibanlfère» a. producing galbanum. 
galbanum» m. galbanum. 
galbe» m. contour; swell, entasis; (of a blast 

furnace) body. 

gale» /. (fflaaa) gall, scum; (Med.) itch; (fiot.} 

scurf; mange. 
galène» /. (Min.) galena, galenite. 
galénlque, a. (Min.) galenic(al); (Pharm, A 

Med.) Galenic(a]). 
galère» /. gallery furnnce, galley. 
galerie» /. gallery; shelf, frame, platfonn 

(attached to the side of something); flue 

(of a boiler) ; (Mining) drift, adit, gallery. 
galet» m. pebble; gravel, shingle; disk (placed 

over the column of liquid in a polarimeter) ; 

friction roller (or disk) ; roller, roll. 

— de rotilement, friction roller. 
galetage» m. (Gunpowder) making press cake. 
galeter» v.t. (Gunpowder) press into press cake. 
galet-gulde» m. roller guide. 

galette» /. (flat) cake; specif., (Gunpowder) 

press cake; disk; ship biscuit. 
galeux» a. (of glass) covered with gall or scum; 

itchy, mangy, scurfy. 
Galice» /. Galicia (Spain). 
Gallde» /. Galicia (Austria). 
galicien» a. Galician. 
galipot, m. galipot, gallipot. 
gallpoter» v.t. coat with galipot. 
gallate, m. gallate. 

— basique de bismuth, (Pharm.) bismuth sub- 

gaUe» /. gall (of plants) ; specif., nutgall, gall- 
nut; gallfly; knot, lump, concretion (as in 
founding sand). 

— d'Alep, Aleppo gall. 

— de chêne, oak gall. 

— de Chine, Chinese gall (from sumach). 
gallêlne, /. gallein. 

Galles, /. Wales. 

galllfère, a. containing or yielding gallium. 

galllnace, /. (Min.) obsidian. 

galllque, a. gallic; Gallic. 

gallium, m. gallium. 

gallocyanlne, /. (Dyes) gallocyanin(e). 

gallois, a. "Welsh. — m. (cap.) Welshman. 

gallon, m. an excrescence similar to the nutgall 

but found on or replacing acorns; gallon. 
gallotannlque, a. gallotannic. 
galTanlque, a. galvanic. 
galTanlquement, adv. galvanically. 
galTanlsatlon, /. galvanization, galvanising. 
galvaniser, v.t. galvanize. 
gaKano, m. (Printino) electrotype, electro. 
galvanocérame, m. a piece of electroplated 

ceramic ware. 
gahranomètre» m. galvanometer. 

— d miroir, — à réflexion, mirror galvanom- 
eter, reflecting galvanometer. 

— enregistreur, recording galvanometer. 


uigiiizea Dy V3v_-/\_/' 





galfanoplastle, /. galvanoplasties, -plasty. 
gaimnoplastlqiie, a. galvanoplastie 
galvanotypWf v.t. electrotype. 
gamblr, m. gambier, gambir. 

— cubique^ gambier in cubes. 
. m. gamin, boy; (Olass) assistant, ap- 

» /. gamut, scale. 

Gftnd, n. Ghent. 

gangreneiix, gangreneux, a. (Med.) gangre- 

gangue» /. (ffeol. dt Mining) gangue, gang. 

ganil, m. (Petrog.) ganil (a kind of lime- 

ganse, /. loop: cord. 

gant, m. glove; gatmtlet. 

— de laboratoire^ laboratory glove. 
ganterie, /. glove making; glove trade. 
garangage, m. madder dyeing. 

garanee, /. madder. — a. madder-oolored, 

garancer, t.t. dye with madder. 

garancMTle, /. noiadder dyehouse; madder dye- 

garanceur, m. madder dyer. 

garaneeux, m. a coloring matter extracted 
from the residues from madder dyeing. 

gaianelfere, /. madder field; madder dye- 

garandne, /. garancin, garanoine. 

garant, m. db f. guarantor, guaranty, surety; 
voucher, warrant. 

garantie, /. guarantee; guaranteeing; secur- 
ity; pledge; protection; assay. 

garantir, v.t. guarantee, warrant; protect, 
shelter, preserve. 

garçon, m. boy; (of workmen) assistant, 
journejrman, boy, man; bachelor. 

— braseeur, brewer. 

garde, /. guard; protection, custody. — m. 

guard; keeper, warden. 
garde-corps, m. railing, rail, guard rail. 
garde-feu, m. fire guard; (Metal.) furnace 

garde-fou, m. » garde-corps. 
garde-four, garde-fourneau, m. furnace man. 
garder, v.t. keep; guard. — v.r. keep, remain 

unspoiled; beware (oO. keep (from). 

— v.i. beware. 
garde-temps, m. chronometer. 
garde-?ue, m. eye shade; lamp shade. 
glkreff. (railway) station; switch, shunt. 
gargariser, v.L A r. gargle. 
gargarisme, m. gargle, (Med.) gargarism. 
garnir, v. t. furnish, supply, provide, stock, fit, 

equip; fill; line, face; trim; mount; pack, 

stuff; garnish, decorate. 
gvnirsage, garnlssement, m. furnishing, etc. 

(see garnir). 
gamiadoge banqwt (Metal.) basic lining. 

garniture, /. filling; lining; moxmting; fii- 
ting(s); trimming(8); covering; furnish* 
ing, furniture; edge, border; set, assort- 
ment; outfit; ornament; (Mach.) packing, 
stufiing; bearing box. 

— baeiquet (Metal.) basic lining. 

garou, m. spurge flax (Daphne gnidium)\ 

mezereon (Daphne mezerewn). 
garoullle, /. kermès oak (Quercus cocci/era) or 

its bark. 
gams, m. (Pharm.) elixir of Garus (a stomachic 

containing cinnamon, saffron, nutmeg, 

Gascogne, /. Gascony. 
gaspillage, m. wasting, squandering. 
gaspiller, v.t. waste, squander. 
gastrique, a. gastric. 
gâte, m. spoiled part. 
gâteau, m. cake, 
gâter, o.e. spoil; waste. — v.r. spoil, be spoiled, 

gauche, a. left; left-handed; levorotatory, 

lev|; crooked; awkward. — /. left hand, 

leftside, left wing, 
d — , to the left; on the left; amiss. 
gauchir, v.t. & i. warp, put or get out of true. 
gauchissement, m. warping. 
gaudage, m. dyeing with weld. 
gaude, /. weld, yellow weed (Reseda luteda); 

weld (the yellow dye from weld). 
gauder, v.t. dye with weld. 
gaufre, /. honeycomb; waflBe. 
gaufrer, v.t. emboss; goffer, plait, crimp. 
gaule, /. pole, rod. staff, stick. 
gaulthérle, /. (Bot.) Gaultheriti. 

— couchée, wintergreen (G. procumbena). 
gayac, m. guaiacuni (tree or wood). 
gaylussite, /. (Min.) gaylussite. 

gas, m. gas. 

— acide carbonique, carbonic acid gas (carbon 

— aérogène, air carburetted by passage thru 
light hydrocarbons, air gas. 

— d Vair, producer gas (made with dry air). 

— à Veau, water gas. 

— à Vhuile, oil gas. 

— ammoniac, — ^immonicuxd, ammonia gas, 
gaseous ammonia. 

— asphyxiant, asphyxiating gas. 

— azote, nitrogen gas. 

— brûlés, burnt gases, flue gases, exhaust 

— carbonique, carbon dioxide gas. 

— carburé, carburetted gas. 

— d*éehappement, (of explosion engines) ex- 
haust gases. 

— de chauffage, fuel gas. 

— d'éclairage, illuminating gas. 

— de combustioTi, gases of combustion. 

— de générateur, generator gas, producer gas. 

uigiiizea Dy '' 





gÊM de houille, coal gas. 

— dee maraiet marsh gas. 

— détonant, detonating gas. 

— de vUle, city gas. 

— exMlarant, — hUarant, laughing gas. 

— mixte, mixed gas, specif, semi-watw gas. 

— naturel, natural gas. 

— nfMee, noble gases, inert gases. 

— par/ait, perfect gas, ideal gas. 

— paumre, poor gas, specif, producer gas 
(made with dry air). 

— perdu, waste gas. 

— rare, rare gas, noble gas. 

— riche, rich gas. 

— Richi, Riche gas (a fuel gas made from 
wood or other organic matter). 

— Siemens, Siemens gas, producer gas. 

— euffoeant, asphyxiating gas. 

— tonnant, detonating gas, explosive gas 

gaiage, m. gassing, etc. (see gaser). 
gmie, /. gause. 

— métallique, wire gause, metallic i^se. 
gaiéUlable, a. gasifiable. ^ 
gasélflcateur» m. gasifier, specif, a form of oil 

gaiéiflcatioii, /. gasification; carbonating. 
gaiélfier, v.t. gasify; carbonate, chaise (as 

Kasélforme, a. gasiform, gaseous. 
gaiéité, /. gaseousness. gaseous nature or state. 
gBier, v.t. gas; specif., (Metal.) reduce with 

gaseous fuel; cover with gause; veil. 
gBiette»/. newspaper, gazette; (Ceram.) sagger. 
galeux, a. gaseous. 
gaiier» a. gas, of or pertaining to gas; gas man; 

gauze maker. 
gftsifère, a. gas-produdng, shielding gas. 
gasochtmle, /. the chemistry of gases. 
Kasochlmlque, a. pertaining to the chemistry 

of gases. 
gssofocteur, m. gasifier, specif, an apparatus 

for gasifying coal. 
gmiogène» m. gas generator; specif., producer, 

generator (for fuel gas) ; gas-impregnating 

apparatus, specif, one for carbonating 

liquids. — a. carbonf^^ing. 
gazolène, m., gmzoléine, gmzollne, /. gasoline, 

gazoiyte» a. gasifiable, tending to gasify. 
gazomètare» m. gasometer, gas holder. 

— à doche, a gas holder with a bell which can 
be raised and lowered. 

Kazométrie, /. gasometry. 

gasométrlqoe» a. ga8ometric(al). 

gazon* m. grass; turf, sod. 

gaz-platlne, m. an early incandescent lamp 

consisting of a platinum basket hung in a 

géant» m. giant. — a. giant, gigantic, huge. 

gélne, /. gein (humic add). 
gel, m. gel; frost. 
gelable, a. congealable. 
gélatine, /. gelatin. 

— animale, gelatin. 

— de guerre, explosive gelatin. 

— détonante, explosive gelatin. 

— végétale, vegetable gelatin (gliadin). 
gelatine, a. gelatined, coated with gelatin, 

treated with gelatin. 

gélatine-dynamite, n. gelatin dynamite. 

gélatlneor, m. gelatin maker. 

gélatineux, a. gelatinous. 

gélatlikUlable, a. gelatinizable. 

gélatlnlfler, v.t. convert into gelatin or jelly, 
gelatinate, gelatinize. 

gélatlnlforme, a. gelatiniform. 

gélatlnlsant, p.a. gelatinizing. — m. gelatinis- 
ing agent, gelatinizer. 

gélatlnlsatlon, /. gelatinization, gelatinizing. 

gélatlnlser, v.t. gelatinize. 

gélatino-bromure, /. gelatino-bromide. 

gélatino-chlorure, /. gelatino-chloride. 

gelation, /. congelation, gelation. 

gélatose, /. gelatose. 

gelée, /. jelly; frost, freeze, freezing. 

— glycérinée, (Pharm.) glycerinated gelatin. 
geler, v. t., i. & r. freeze, congeal. 

géllf, a. congealing easily, having a relatively 
high freezing point; (of stones, etc.) sus- 
ceptible to rending by frost. 

géllflcatlon, /. jellification, jellying. 

gélifier, x.t. & r. jellify, jelly. 

géllforme, a. of the nature of a jelly. 

gelignite, /. (£xp2.) gelignite. 

gélose, /. gélose; (loosely) agar. 

gdsémbie, /. gelsemine; (Bot.) gelsemium. 

Gémeaux, (Aslxon:) Gemim. 

gémir, v.i. groan, moan. 

gemmage, m. incising, tapping (of trees for 

— à mort, severe tapping resulting in the 
death of the tree. 

— à vie, tapping in such a way as not to kill 
the tree. 

gemme, /. gem; pine oleoresin, turpentine; 
(Bot.) bud. — o. gem, predous; gemmy, 
eel — , rock salt. 

gemmer, v.t. incise, tap (pine trees). — v.t. bud. 

genclye, /. (Anat.) gum. 

gêne, /. difficulty, trouble, inconvenience. 

gêner, v.t. impede, hinder, embarrass; incon- 
venience, annoy, trouble. 

général, a. À m. general. 
en — , in general, generally. 

généralement, adv. generally, in general 

générallsable, a. generalizable. 

générallsateur, a. generalizing. 

générallwtion, /. generalization. 

uigiiizea Dy \.jkj 





générsUser, t.t. generalise, render general. 
— v.r. become generalised; become com- 

généralité, /. generality. 

génénteur, m. generator; specif., a subatanoe 
from which another substance is formed, 
original substance. — a. generating, gener- 
atire; specif., designating substances from 
which others are formed (as, une aUtage et 
aes métaux générateur», an alloy and its 
component metals; le mélange générateur 
d*un composé, the mixture from which a 
compound was formed). 

— à vapeur, — de vapeur, steam generator, 

— du gaz, gas generator. 
génératlf, a. generative. 
fénératton, /. generation. 

généntrtcet /. generatrix. — a. /em. of généra- 

généreusement, ad», generously. 

généreux, a. generous; (of land) fertile. 

générique, a. generic. 

génériquement, adv. generically. 

genèse, /. genesis, formation. 

généslqne, a. genetic. 

généslquement, adv. genetically. 

genestrelle, genestrolle, /. ifiot.) woadwazen, 
green weed, dyer's weed (fhniata Hnctoria). 

genêt, m. ifiot.) broom. 

— à halai{,a), — commun, common broom 
(Pytiaue seopariue). 

— dee teinturière, dyer's broom, woadwaxen 
{Oeni^a Hnctoria). 

— €^or, common broom. 
génétique, a. genetic. 
Genèye, /. Geneva. 

genévrette, /. a drink made from wild fruits 

and flavored with gin. 
genévrier, m. (Bot.) juniper (Junipertu). 
génie, m, engineering; engineers; genius. 
genlè¥re, m. gin (the liquor); juniper; juniper 

genlèvrerie, /. gin distillery. 
génisse, /. heifer. 
genoa, m. knee; (Tech.) elbow; (Mach.) joint, 

tpedf. ball-and-socket joint. 
genouillère, /. joint, connection, specif, elbow 

joint; toggle joint; kneepiece. 
genre, m. kind, sort, type; genus; style, mode; 

gender; genre (painting). 

— Scuce, Saxon type (said of a shallow type 
of small evaporating dish). 

gens, people, folks, persons, men; nations; 

servants, attendants. 
gent, /. tribe, race. 
gentiane, /. (Bot.) gentian. 

— jaune, jrellow gentian, bitterwort (Gen- 
tiana lutea). 

gentlanlne, /. gentianin. 

gentlanose, /. gentianose* 
gentil, a. pretty; delicate; gracious. 
gentUlionune, m. nobleman; gentleman. 
genuine, a. genuine. 
génulnlté, /. genuineness. 
géode, /. (Oeol.) geode. 
géodésique, a. geodetic. 
géodlque, a. geodic. 
géolbée, /. (fiot.) GeofFnea. 
géographie, /. geography. 
géographique, a. geographic (al). 
géographlquement, adv. geographically. 
géologie, /. geology. 
géologique, a. geologic(al). 
géologlquement, adv. geologically. 
géologue, m. geologist. 
géométral, a. geometrical. 
géométrie, /. geometry. 
géométrique, a. geometric(al). 
géométriquement, adv. geometrically. 
gérance, /. management, managership. 
géranlaeées, (fiot.) Geraniaoeœ. 
géranlal, m. geranial (citral). 
géranlol, m. geraniol. 
géranique, a. geranic 
géranium, m. (fiot.) geranium. 

— roaat, rose geranium (Pelargonium eaptto- 

gérant, m. manager, director, agent. — a. 

managing, directing. 
gerbe, /. sheaf; small heap (of sea salt). 
gerber, v.t. pile; bind in sheaves. 
gerblforme, a. sheaflike. 
gereer, v.t, r. éb i. crack; chap. 
gerçure, /. crack, fissure, cleft, chink; chap. 

— de trempe, (MeUd.) temper crack. 
gereuré, a. cracked, fissured; (of wood) shaky. 
gérer, v.t. manage, conduct, carry on. 
gergelln, m. oil of sesame. 
germanique, a. Germanic, (3erman. 
germaniser, v.t. Germanise. 
germanium, m. germanium. 

germant, p.a. germinating. 
germe, m. germ. 
germer, v.i. & t. germinate. 
germinal, a. germinal. 
germination, /. germination, germinating. 
germolr, m. malt floor. 
gésier, m. gissard. 
gésir, v.t. lie, rest, be. 
geaattf. (Bot.) vetchling (fMthynu), pea. 
gestation, /. gestation. 

gestion, /. management, administration, direc- 
gestionnaire, a. managerial. — m. manager. 
glbelet, m. gimlet. 
gibier, m. game. 

glble, m. set of bricks in the kiln. 
giclée, /. spray. 
gicler, v.i. squizt, spurt, spray. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





glcleiir» m. sprayer, atomizer, nozzle. — a. 

squirting, spraying, atomizing. 
Cisantesqae, a. gigantic, huge, colossal. 
gménle, /. (Bot.) Gillenia, Indian physic iPor- 

SlllOli, m. (Bot.) mistletoe (Viacum album). 
gin, m. whisky; (abusively) gin. 
glngas, m. ticking (the cloth). 
gingembre» m. ginger. 

— blane, white ginger, Jamaica ginger, peeled 

— officinal, common ginger {Zinziber offici- 

ginglbrlne, /. powdered ginger. 

glnguet» a. of little value, poor. 

ginseng, m. (Bot. db Pharm.) ginseng. 

globertite, /. (Min.) magnesite (magnesium 
carbonate). Cf. magnesite. 

gipon, m. wool cloth used for tallowing 

girandole, /. chandelier; (Pyro., etc.) giran- 

glragoi, m. (Min.) fire opal, girasol; (Bot.) 
heliotrope, girasol. 

gimtlon, /. gyration. 

giratoire, a. gyratory, gyrational. 

girofle, m. clove. 

giroflée, a. In the phrase cannelle giroflée^ clove 

giroflier, m (Bot.) clove tree. 

gisant, of gésir. 

gisement, m. (mineral) deposit; position of 
minerals in the earth; bearing. 

— en amaa^ massive deposit. 

— en couche, stratified deposit. 

— en >Uon«, vein deposit. 
gisent, pr. S pi. of gésir. 
git, pr. S sing, of gésir. 

gite, m. (mineral) deposit; bed; lodging; home; 
lower millstone; leg (of beef). 

— filonien, vein deposit. 

— aédimentaire, sedimentary deposit, strati- 
fied deposit. 

glvre, m. white frost, hoar frost; crystallization 
resembling frost, specif, that of vanillin (or 
benzoic acid) on the surface of vanilla. 

givré, a. frosty, frosted. 

Gl. Symbol of glucinium (beryllium). 

glaçage, m. icing, etc. (see glacer). 

glace, /. ice; freezing point; plate glass; look- 
ing glass, mirror; glass, lens; glass win- 
dow; flaw (in a precious stone); ice cream, 
ice; glazing (for pastry) ; icing, sugar crust. 

— fondante, melting ice. 

— pUie, crushed ice. 

glacé, p.a. iced, etc. (see glacer); glacé; icy, 

ice, cold. 
glacer, v.t. ice; freeze: chill; glaze; calender; 

vitrify. — v.r, freeze; vitrify. — v.i. 


glaeerie, /. plate-glass works or business; ice 
cream business, making of ices. 

glaceor, m. glazer; calenderer. 

glaceox, a. (of gems) flawed, flawy; ley, 

glaciaire, a. (Oeol.) glacial. 

glacial, a. glacial; icy, freezing, cold. 

glaciale,/. (Bot.) ice plant (Meaembryanthemum 

glacier, m. plate-glass maker; maker of, or 
dealer in, ices; (Oeol.) glacier. 

glacière, /. ice chamber, refrigerator; appa- 
ratus for making ice or ices, freezer; ice 
pail; ice house; ice cellar. 

— à bascule, a small rooking apparatus for 
making ice or ices by the use of freezing 

glacis, m. gentle slope, sloping surface, glacis; 
(Painting) glaze, coat of transparent pig- 

glaçon, m. piece of ice, cake of ice; icicle. 

glaçure, /. (Ceram.) glaze, glazing. 
sous la — , under the glaze, underglaie. 
sur la — , on the glaze, on-glase. 

glale, /. vault of a glass furnace. 

glalrage, m. glairing, coating with glair. 

glaire, /. glair (white of egg or any similar 
viscous substance). 

glalrer, v.t. glair, coat with glair. 

glaireux, a. glairy, glaireous, viscous. 

glalrlne, /. glairin. 

glaise, /. clay; vault of a glass furnace. — a. 
In the phrase terre glaise, clay soil, day. 

glalser, v.t. clay, treat with clay. 

glaiseux, a. clayey. 

glalslère, /. clay pit. 

gland, m. acorn; tassel; (Anat.) glans. 

glande, /. gland. 

— surrénale, suprarenal gland, adrenal gland. 
glandulaire, glanduleux, a. glandular, -ulous. 
glaner, v.t. db i. glean. 

glaubérlte, /. (Min.) glauberite. 

glauconle, glauconlto, /. (Min.) glauoo- 

glauque, a. glaucous, bluish green. 
glette, /. litharge. 

gleucomètre, m. glucometer, gleucometer. 
glladlne, /. gliadin. 

glissant, p.a. sliding, slipping; slippery. 
glissement, m. sliding, slipping, gliding. 
glisser, v.t. slide, slip, glide. — v.i. slip, slide. 

— v.r. slip, glide, steal. 
gUsseur, m. slider; (Mach.) sliding piece, slide 

glissière, /. slide bar, slide, slide face, guide bar, 

gllssotr, m. slider, slide block, slide. 
glissoire, /. slider, sliding piece; slide, slide 

block, guide. 
global, a. lump, total, entire, groes. summary. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





glolMllix, nuuc. p2. of global. 

Klobe» m. globe; bail; glass cover (as for s 

globenx, a. globose, globular. 
globironne» a. globular, globe-shaped. 
globlne, /. globin. 
Slobalalre, a. globular, spherical. 
Slobnle, m. globule; (Biol.) corpuscle; pellet. 

— blanc, white corpuscle (of the blood). 

— du aang, blood corpuscle. 

— rouge, red corpuscle (of the blood). 

— aanguin, blood corpuscle. 
Kloboleiix, a. globulous, globular. 
Klobulicide, a. destroying blood corpuscles. 
Slobnlln, m. (Physiol.) leucocyte. 
Slobullne, /. globulin. 
Slobnllnurie, /. (Med.) globulinuria. 
Klobnlolyse, /. (Physiol.) hemocytolysis. 
globalose, /. globulose. 

gloire» /. glory, honor, splendor; (Pyro.) fixed 

Klomémle, /. small mass; (Bot., etc.) glo- 
merule, glomerulus. 

Slonolne» /. (Pham.) glonoln, glonolne (nitro- 
glycerin solution). 

Slorieux, a. glorious, splendid. 

glossaire, m. glossary; vocabulary. 

Slousloa, fit. gurgle, gurgling. 

Slonteron, m. common burdock (Arctium 
lappa)', goose grass, cleavers (GaUium). 

Slover, m. (Acids) Glover tower. 

gin» /. birdlime; cement, glue. 

— marine, marine glue. 

glnant, a. glutinous, sticky, adhesive, viscous; 
(fig.) tenacious. 

Sluclne, /. glucina (beryllia). 

gluclnlam, m. glucinum, glucinium (beryl- 

Sloclqae, a. glucic. 

Slucoheptonlqae, a. glucoheptonic. 

Sllicomètre» m. glucometer. 

glliconlqoe, a. gluconic. 

glooosane, /. glucosan. 

glucose, /. glucose. 

glncoser, v.t. treat with glucose. 

glneoserie, /. glucose factory; glucose manu- 

gluooslde, m. glucoside. 

glnoosler» m. glucose maker. 

glaer» v.t. smear with birdlime or other viscous 
substance, lime, make sticky. 

I^tamlne, /. glutamine. 

gtatamlqiie, a. glutamic. 

ghitariqae, a. glutaric. 

glaten, m. gluten; glue, cement. 

gtatloatolre» a. agglutinating, agglutinative. 

ilatlne» /. glutin (old name for gliadin and for 

ilDtiiieilx* a. glutinous. 

glycémie» /. (Med.) glycemia. 

glyeéré, glycérat, m. (Pharm.) glycerite, glyc- 
erin (solution of a medicinal substance in 
glyeérate simple, — glycéré d'amidon. 

— d^alun, glycerin of alum. 

— d'amidon, glycerite of starch, glycerin of 

— de borax, glycerin of borax. 

— de boroglycéride, glycerite of boroglyoerin, 
solution of boroglycéride. 

— de pepsine, glycerin of pepsin. 

— de phénol, glycerite of phenol, glycerite of 
carbolic acid. 

— de sousacétaU dé plomb, glycerin of subaoe- 
tate of lead. 

— de tannin, glycerite (or glycerin) of tannic 
acid or of tannin. 

— d'hydrastis du Canada, glycerite of hydra»- 

glycéride, /. glyceride. 

giyeérine, /. glycerin (in Org. Chem. better 
called glycerol). 

— phénique, (Pharm.) glycerite of phenol. 

— tannigue, (Pharm.) glycerite (or glycerin) 
of tannic acid. 

glycériner, v.t. glycerinate, glycerinize. 
glyoérlneux» a. containing or resembling 

glycérlqoe» a. glyceric; of glycerin. 
glycéro-acétlque, a. designating the esters of 

glycerol with acetic add. 
glycéro-arsénlate, m. glycero-arsenate. 
glycéro-arsénlque, a. glycero-arsenic. 
glycéroboriqoe, a. glyceroboric. 
glyoérolé, m. » glycéré. 

— d'acide phénique, glycerite (or glycerin) of 

glyeérophospliate» m. glycerophosphate. 

glyeérophosphorlqae» a. glycerophosphorio. 

glycérose» /. glycerose. 

g^céryle, glyclle, m. glyceryl. 

glyclde» m. glycide. 

glydn, m. glycin (a photographie developer). 

glyeinatlon» /. formation of or combination 

with glycine, glycination. 
glycine, /. glycine; glucina (beryllia); (Bot.) 

Glycine, or a plant of this genus. 
glyeinlum, m. glucinum (beryllium). 
glyclqoe, a. glucic. 
glyeochoUqoe, a. glycocholic. 
glycoeolle, m. glycocoll (glycine). 
glycogénase, /. glycogenase. 
glyoogène, m. glycogen. — a. glyoogenoua, 

glycogénèse, glycogenic» /. glycogenesis, 

glycogénlque» a. glycogenic. 
glycol, m. glycol. 
glycolamlde, /. glycolamide. 
glycollqoe, a. glycolic. 

uigiiizea Dy 





Slyeoljrge, /. glycols^sis. 

glyeolytlque, a. glycolytic. 

glyvomètref m. glucometer. 

Klyooprotétde, n. glucoprotein, glycoprotein. 

Klyoosunlne» /. glucosamine. 

glycosaione, /. glucosazone. 

glycose, /. glucose, (rarely) glycose. 

Klyooslde» n. glucoside. 

glycosurie, /. glycosuria, glucosuria. 

glycosurique, a. glycosurie. 

Klyciironique, a. glucuronic, glycuronic. 

glycyrrhlzlne, /. glycyrrhisin. 

glyoxal, m. glyoxal. 

glyoxalldlne, /. glyoxalidine (imidasoline). 

glyoxallne, /. glyoxaline (imidasole). 

glyoxyllque, a. glyozylic, glyoxalio. 

gneiss, m. (Petrog.) gneiss. 

gneisseiix, gnelssique, a. gneissic, gneissose. 

go, adv. In the phrase Umt de go, readily, im- 

gobelet, m. cup (taller than tasse and frequently 
without a handle); goblet; (Pyro.) case. 

gobeleterie, /. manufacture of drinking glasses 
or, more broadly, of glass vessels; hollow- 
glass works. 

gobetis, m. (Masonry) pointing. 

goder, v.%. bag, pucker. 

godet, m. cup; shallow dish (as one for stains) ; 
cell; bucket (of an elevator, waterwheel or 
the like) ; bagging, puckering. 

— à graisse, grease cup. 

— à huile, oil cup. 

— de fusée, fuse cup. 

goémon, m. seaweed; specif., fucoid. 

goitre, m. (Med.) goiter, goitre. 

golfe, m. gulf. 

gommage, m. gumming. 

gomme, /. gum; {Med.) gumma; rubber. 

— adragarUie), — adraganthe, tragacanth, 
gum tragacanth. 

— ammoniaque, ammoniac, gum ammoniac. 

— animé, animé, gum animé (or animi). 

— arabique, gum arable. 

— d'acajou, cashew gum. 

— de Bassora, Bassora gum. 

— de Vor, = gomme des sages. 

— des funérailles, bitumen. 

— des sages, (Old Chem.) mercury. 

— du Sénégal, Senegal gum, gum Senegal. 

— élastique, gum elastic, caoutchouc, rubber. 

— explosive, explosive gelatin. 

— haut^it-fleuve, Galam gum (a kind of gum 

— laque, lac, gum lac. 

— pseudo-adragant(e), sassa gum. 

— rouge, red gum; (Old Chem.) sulfur. 

— sauvage, (Rubber) wild rubber, as con- 
trasted with plantation rubber. 

gommé, a. gummed, gum, gummy. 
gomme-giitte, /. gamboge, gum guttœ. 

gomme-laque, /. lac, gum lac. 
gommelaquer, v.t. treat with gum lac, sheUaa 
gommellne, /. gommelin (dextrin). 
gommement, m. gumming. 
gommer, v.t. gum; mix with gum. — v.r. 

gum, stick. 
gomme-résine, /. gum resin. 

— ammoniaque, ammoniac, gum ammoniac. 

— d'euphorbe, euphorbium. 

gommeux, a. gummy, gummous; (of trees) 

gummiferous, gum-yielding. 
gommier, m. gum-bearing tree, gum tree, 

specif, the acacia. 
gommlfère, a. gummiferous, gum-yielding. 
gommo-résineux, a. gum-resinous. 
gommose, /. gummose; (Bol.) gummosis. 
gond, m. hinge. 
gonder, v t. hinge. 

gondoler, v.r. & i. (of plates, etc.) buckle. 
gonflage, m. inflation. 

gonflé, p.a. swelled, swollen, distended, in- 
gonflement, m. swelling, swell, distention, 

gonfler, v.t. swell, swell out, distend, inflate. 

— v.i. <k r. swell, swell up. 
goniomètre, m. goniometer. 
gorge, /. throat; opening, orifice, mouth, neck; 

groove, channel, furrow; hollow, recess; 

choke (of a gun or rocket) ; gorge. 
gorge-de-pigeon, a. of the iridescent color of a 

pigeon's breast. 
gorger, v.t. (Pyro.) fill; gorge. 
gorgonxola, m. Gorgonsola cheese, Gorgonsola. 
gosier, m. throat, gullet. 
gosiller, v.t. be carried over (said of the liquid 

which is being distilled for brandy). 
gouache, /. water colors; water-color painting. 
gouache, a. water-color. 
goudron, m. tar. 

— à calfater, navy pitch. 

— de bois, wood tar. 

— de houille, coal tar. 

— de lignite, brown-coal tar, lignite tar. 

— de Norvège, Norway tar. 

— de pétrole, petroleum tar. 

— des gazogènes, producer tar. 

— des hatUs fourneaux, blast-furnace tar. 

— de tourbe, peat tar. 

— minéral, mineral tar, maltha; coal tar. 

— végétal, vegetable tar (usually meaning 
wood tar). 

goudronnage, m. tarring. 

— gras, (Pyro.) a mixture of pitch and 

— sec, (Pyro.) a mixture of pitch and rosin. 
goudronner, v.t. tar. 

goudronnerie, /. tar works, place where tar is 

prepared; place where tar is stored. 
goudronneux, a. tarry. 

uigitized Dy 



gouet, m. arum (plant of the genus Arum or 
some related genus). 

— à trots feuilles^ jack-in-the-pulpit, Indian 
turnip (Arisœma triphyllum). 

goiilbw, m. gulf, abyas. 

gouger, v.t. gouge. 

goujon» m. gudgeon, pin, peg, dowel. 

goulot» m. neck (of a bottle or other vessel). 

goupille, /. pin; peg, key, splint. 
' goupiller» v.t. pin, key, peg, dowel. 

goupillon, m. test tube brush (or one for 
bottles, for jars, for lamp chimneys, or the 
like); sprinkler (as for a forge). 

gouplllonner» v.t. cleanse with a test tube 
brush, bottle brush or the like. 

gourde, /. gourd; flask, canteen. 

goure, /. adulterated drug. 

gourer, v. t. adulterate (drugs). 

goureur, m. adulterator. 

gousse» /. pod; (of garlic) clove. 

— de vaniUe, vanilla bean. 

gousset, m. bracket, brace; armpit; gusset. 

goût, m. taste; (leas often) odor. 

goûter, v.t. taste; Gess often) smell; relish, 

like. — v.r. taste; be tasted; be liked; 

like each other. — v.t. taste; smell; lunch. 

— m. lunch. 
goutte, /. drop; iPhann.) minim; (Assaying) 

bead; blister (in a casting); globule of 

oxidized metal (in an ingot) ; (Med.) gout. 

— à — , drop by drop, dropwise. 
gouttelette, /. droplet, little drop. 
goutter, v.t. drop, drip. 

goutteux, a. gouty. — m. gouty person. 

gouttière, /. gutter, trough, spout; channel, 
groove, furrow; drip, eaves; roof. 

gouvernail, m. rudder; helm; steering appa- 

gouvemateur, m. (Mach.) governor, regulator. 

gouverne, /. guidance, guide. 

gouvernement, m. government; management, 
direction; steering. 

gouverner, v.t. govern; steer; manage. 

gouverneur, m. governor; helmsman. 

gouvlon, m. large bolt. 

goyave, /. guava (the fruit). 

goyavier, m. guava tree, guava. 

grabeau, m. (P?iann.) fragment, refuse, garble. 

grabelage, m. (Pharm.) sorting to remove 

grabeler, v.t. (PJiarm.) cull the refuse from, 

grâce, /. grace; thanks. 

— A, thanks to, owing to, on account of. 
gracieux, a. graceful; gracious. 
gradatlf, a. gradational. 

gradation, /. gradation. 

grade, m. rank, grade; degree: (Math.) 

gradin, m. step; shelf; bench. 



graduation, /. graduation. 
gradué» p.a. graduated. — m. graduate. 
graduel» a. gradual. 
graduellement» adv. gradually. 
graduer» v.t. graduate. 

grain» m. grain (in various senses); berry; 
bead; (Pharm.) pellet; (ilfacA.) bushing, 
step; (CHoss) opaque inclusion, stone; 
{Med.) pustule, pock; shower; squall. 
à grains fins^ fine-grained. 
à grains serrés, close-grained. 
à gros grains, large-grained, coarse-grained. 

— à facettes, grain showing facets of crystals, 
faceted grain. 

— aiguillé, grain showing acicular crystals. 

— d'amorce, (Pyro.) primer. 

— de bœuf, buffalo berry, bullberry (Lepar^ 
gyrea or its fruit). 

— de raisin, grape. 

— d'orge, barleycorn. 

grains de lin, linseed, flaxseed. 

— truite, mottled grain. 

graine» /. seed; berry; eggs (of silkworms). 

— à vers, wormseed. 

— d'ambrette, amber seed, musk seed. 

— d'Avignon, Avignon berry, French berry. 

— d'écarkUe, kermès, kermès berry. 

— de girofle, cardamom. 

— de lin, flaxseed, linseed. 

— de paradis, grain of paradise. 

— de Perse, Persian berry. 

— de Turquie, (Indian) com, maise. 

— faune, yellow berry. 

— joyeuse, fenugreek seed. 

— musquée, musk seed, ambe* seed. 
graines d'anis, aniseed. 

graines de coton (or de cotonnier), cottonseed. 

graines de lin, linseed, flaxseed. 

graines des MoVuques, Molucca grains, tilley 

graines de TiUy, tilley, tilley seed (from 

Croton tiglium). 

— tinctoriale, kermès, kermès berry. 
gralneler, gralner» etc. See greneler, etc. 
graissage» m. greasing; lubricating; grease; 

becoming ropy, roping (as of wine), 
graisse»/, fat; grease; (TFtnes) viscous disease, 
alteration causing ropiness; (Olass) a 
milky and intractable state due to excess 
of sulfate in proportion to lime. 

— d canon, gun wax. 

— alimentaire, grease (or fat) for food pur- 

— animale, animal fat. 

— balsamique, — benzoinée, (Pharm.) 
benzoinated lard. 

— de bitume, purified bitumen. 

— de laine, wool grease, (when purified) 

— de machines, lubricating grease. 

ijiginzea Dy \.jkj 





graisse de ménage, grease for household use, 
specif, oleomargarm(e). 

— de mouton, mutton suet, mutton tallow. 

— de réserve, reserve fat. 

— du beurre, butter fat. 

— du porc, lard. 

— industrieUe, industrial grease. 

— minérale, crude paraffin. 

— végétale, vegetable fat. 

— verte, grease from restaurants and kitchens, 
dripping, kitchen stuff. 

gnisser, v.t. grease; lubricate; clog (a file). 

— v.%. (of wine) become ropy or oily. 
sralsserle, /. grease business; grease shop. 
Snilsseur» m. lubricator, greaser, oiler. — a. 

lubricating, greasing. 

— à godet, grease cup. 

— mécanique, self-acting lubricator. 
graisseux, a. greasy; fatty. 

gralssier, m. grease dealer. — a. grease, deal- 
ing in grease. 

gram, m. (Bact.) Gram solution, Gram stain. 

gramen, m. (Bot.) grass. 

gramlnée, /. (Bot.) grass, gramineous plant, 
any member of the Poaceœ. 

grammaire, /. grammar. 

grammatite, /. (Min.) grammatite (tremolite). 

gramme, m. gram, gramme (15.433 grains). 

grand, a. great; large; long, wide, high, tall, 
full; main, chief; grand. — m. adult; 
maximum; great man; dignitary; (in 
schools) senior; grandee; greatness, 
à grande eau, in excess of water, 
en — , on a large scale; (of pictures, etc.) 
fullHsize; at large; grandly. 

— air, open air. 

— autel, fire bridge (in a reverberatory fur- 

— baeilic, (Bot.) common basil, sweet basil 
(Ocimum basilicum). 

— boucage, (Bot.) burnet saxifrage (Pimpi- 
nella aaxifraga). 

grande ciguë, (Bot.) poison hemlock (Conium 

grande dotale, (Bot.) common foxglove. 
grande joubarbe, (Bot.) common houseleek. 
grande masse, main body (of a blast furnace). 
grande mauve, (Bot.) wild mallow (Malva 

graruie vitesfte, great velocity; full speed; 

(Railways) express, dispatch by passenger 

train, quick dispatch. 

— feu, (Ceram., etc.) heating to the highest 
temperature desired, full fire. 

— foyer, boshes (of a blast furnace). 

— gamin, — garçon, a glassblower's chief 
assistant, called variously first footman, 
ball maker, ball holder, servitor, etc. 

grands blés, wheat and rye. 

grand soleil, (Bot.) common simflower. 
— teint, fast dye or color; fast. 
le — Océan, the Pacific Ocean. 

grand-due, m. grand-duke. 

Grande-Bretagne, /. Great Britain. 

grandement, adv. greatly; grandly. 

grandeur, /. greatness, largeness, etc. (see 
grand); size; quantity; magnitude; 
height, stature. 

grandir, v.i. grow; increase. — v.t. magnify; 
make great; cause to grow. — «.r. make 
oneself greater or tallei*. 

grandissement, m. enlargement; magnifica- 
tion; growth. 

granit, m. granite. 

granitelle, /. (Petrog.) granitell, aplite. 

graniteux, granitique, a. granitic. 

granitolde, a. granitoid. 

granub^e, m. granulation. 

granulaire, a. granular. 

granulateur, m. granulator. 

granulation, /. granulation. 

granulatolre, m. granulator (for metals). 

granule, m. granule. 

granulé, p.a. granulated. — m. granulated 

granuler, v.t. granulate, grain. 

granuleux, a. granular, granulated. 

granullforme, a. granuliform, granular. 

granulose, /. granulose. 

graphique, a. graphic, graphical. — m, diar 
gram, drawing, graph. 

graphiquement, adv. graphically. 

graphitation, /. graphitization; manufacture 
of graphite. 

graphite, m. graphite, plumbago, black lead. 

grappe, /. cluster, bunch, (Bot.) raceme; ag- 
glomeration, mass, lump; grapeshot, 
grape; cluster of bullets; powdered 
— de raisin, bunch of grapes; grapeshot. 

grappiers, the nonpulverulent residue 
obtained when hydrauhc lime is slaked. 
A slow-setting cement called ciment de 
grappiers is prepared from it. 

grappillon, m. small cluster. 

gras, a. fat; fatty; greasy, oily, imotuous; 
rich; thick; (Org. Chem.) aUphatic; (of 
wine) ropy, oily; (of glass) milky and hard 
to work (see graisse); (of metals) soft; (of 
casting sand) loamy; (of soil) heavy, 
clayey; (of plants) fleshy; moist; slippery; 
meat, flesh. — m. fat; flesh, meat; («Soap) 
an impure precipitate formed in making 
white soap. — adv. thick, thickly. 

grateron, m. goose grass, cleavers (Odlium); 
burdock (Arctium lappa); sweet woodruff 
(AspenUa odorata); etc. 

gratification, /. gratuity; allowance; re- 

Digitized by 





gratiole, /. (Bot.) Gratiola. 

— ojfficinale, hedge hyssop (O. officinalis). 
gratlollne, /. gratiolin. 

gntls, ad». <k a. gratis, free. 

grattage, m. scraping, etc. (see gratter). 

gratte, /. scraper. 

gratte-boësse, /. wire brush, scratch brush. 

gratter, v. t. scrape; scratch; erase; tease 
(cloth); flatter. — v.i. scrape; scratch. 

grattoir, m. scraper; rake; eraser. 

gratuit, a. gratuitous. 

gratuitement, adv. gratuitously. 

grauwacke, /. (Petrog.) graywacke, grey wacke. 

gravats, = gravois. 

grave, a. heavy; grave; (of sounds) deep. 

graveler, v.t. gravel. 

graveleux, a. gravelly. 

graveUe, /. (Med.) gravel. 

gravement, ado. gravely, seriously. 

graver, v.t. engrave; etch. — v.r. be engraved; 
be etched; (Pyro.) split, crack. 

graveur, m. engraver. 

gravier, m. gravel; (Salt) a low mound on which 
sea salt is heaped. 

gravillon, m. coarse gravel. 

gravlmètee, m. gravimeter (a kind of hydro- 

gravlmétrlque, a. gravimetric. 

gravir, v.i. & i. climb, climb up, ascend. 

gravitation, /. gravitation. 

gravité, /. gravity. 

— spécifique, specific gravity. 
graviter, v.i. gravitate. 
gravlvolumètre, m. an instrument for meaa- 

uring out an exact weight of liquid. 
gravois, screenings (of plaster); rubbish. 
gravure, /. engraving; etching. 
gré, m. will, inclination; liking. 
de — à — ^, by mutual agreement, 
en — , in good part, kindly. 
gree, a. A m. Greek. 
Grèce, /. Greece. 

grecque, a. fern, of grec. — /. fretwork, fret. 
greflè, /. graft; grafting; record office, 
greflèr, v.<. graft; attach; implant. — o.r. be 

grafted; be attached. 
gr^;e, a. (of silk) raw. 
grftle, a. slender, thin, small. — m. hail. 
grftler, v.t. pass (wax) thru the griloir. — v.i. 

grftlet, a. rather slender or thin. 
gfélolr, m., grêlolre, /. a perforated vessel for 

converting wax into ribbons, threads or 

grains before bleaching. 
grêlon, m. hailstone. 
grenade, /. pomegranate; grenade; (cap.) 


— à fuail, rifle grenade. 

— à main, hand grenade. 
— fumighte, smoke grenade. 

grenade fusante, time grenade. 

— incendiaire, incendiary grenade. 

— suffocante, asphyxiating grenade. 
grenadier, m. pomegranate tree; grenadier. 
grenadin, a. In the phrase sirop grenadin, 

sirup of pomegranate. 
grenadine, /. sirup of pomegranate, grenadine. 
grenage, m. granulation, graining, coming. 
grenaille, /. granulated metal; granulated 

fcorm (of metal); granular carbon; grain; 

small shot; refuse grain, tailings, 
en — , granulated. 

— de plomb, granulated lead. 

— d'étain, granulated tin. 

— de einc, granulated sine. 
grenalllement, m. granulation. 
grenalOer, v.t. granulate. 
grenat, m. A a. garnet. 
grenatlque, a. of or containing garnets. 
greneler, v.t. grain (leather, paper, etc.). 
grener, v.t. grain; granulate, corn; stipple. 

— v.i. seed; (of silkworms) lay eggs. 
greneter, v.t. grain Oeather, etc.). 
grénetlne, /. grenetine (a pure form of gelatin). 
grenette, /. little grain; (^xpl.) powder grains 

remaining on the sieve; Avignon berries or 

pellets made from their powder. 
grenier, m. loft; granary; attic, garret. 

en — , in bulk. 
grenolr, m. coming house (for gunpowder); 

granulator, granulating machine, (f(N: gim- 

powder) coming machine. 
grenouille, /. frog; triturator (for antimony 

grenu, a. grained, grainy, granular. — m. 

grain, granular structure. 
grès, m. sandstone, grit, gritstone; paving 

stone; scouring sand; sandy loam; 

(Ceram.) stoneware. 

— d aiguiser, grindstone. 

— à meule, millstone grit. 

— drame, stoneware. 

— de Hesse, the refractory material of Hes- 
sian crucibles, made from fireclay and sand. 

— dur, gritstone. 

— fin, (Ceram.) fine stoneware. 

— houUler, carboniferous sandstone. 

— ordinaire, (Ceram.) common stoneware. 
grès-cérame, m. stoneware. 

grésil, m. broken or powdered glass; sleet. 
grésillé, p.a. shriveled; (Ceram.) having rough, 

pitted glase. — m, (Ceram.) roughness or 

pitting of the glase, due to reducing vapors 

in the kiln. 
grésillement, m. shriveling, etc. (see grésiller) ; 

chirping (of crickets); sound like that of 

grésiller, v.t. shrivel, shrivel up; trim (the 

edges of a piece of glass) ; (Ceram.) give a 

rough, pitted surface to. — v.i. sleet. 

ijigiiizea Dy 





e» /. sahdstone quarry ; sandstone work; 
(Ceram.) stoneware. 

CrdYe» /. mortar sand, coarse sand; sand bank; 
strand; strike (of workers). 
faire — , se mettre en — , strike. 

greYer, v.t. burden, encumber. 

gréTlste, m. striker. — a. striking. 

grief, m. grievance. 

grieu, m. fire damp. 

grifEilge« m. seizing, gripping; scratching. 

griffe» /. claw; catch, pawl, prong, hook, 
catch; stamped signature; stamp (for sig- 
natures); root, rootlet (of certain plants). 
griffes de girofle^ clove stems. 

griffer, v.t. seize with, or as with, claws, grip; 
scratch, claw. 

grignard, m. hard stoneware, used in con- 
struction; confusedly crystallized gypsum, 
found in plaster stone. ' 

grignons, oUve husks, marc of olives; 

grillage, m. roasting, etc. (see griller). 

— au four à cuve^ roasting in kilns. 

— en atalles, (MetcU.) roasting in stalls. 

— en tas, roasting in heaps. 
grillager, v.t. lattice, grate. 

grUle, /. grate, grating; grid; furnace (as for 
combustions, for Kjeldahl flasks, for evapo- 
rations) ; (Metal.) roasting furnace, calcin- 
ing furnace, roaster, calciner; fire bar; 
lattice; grille; grill. 

— à analy8e(8)t — d combustion, combustion 

— à attaque, furnace for decompositions (as 
one for Kjeldahl flasks). 

— à feu, fire grate. 

— à manche, strainer. 

— d^analyse, combustion furnace. 

— de foyer, fire grate. 

— en escalier, step grate. 

griller, v.t. roast, calcine; singe (cloth); scorch, 

parch, bum; broil, grill. 
grilloir, m. roaster, roasting kiln; singeing 

machine, singer. 
grimpage, m. climbing. 
grimper, v.i. & r. climb (up); (of salts) creep. 
grincer, v.i. grind, grate; gnash. — v.t. gnash. 
grindélle, /. (Bot.) gum plant (GWnde2ia); 

{Pharm^ grindelia. 
griotte, /. a sour cherry; a spotted marble. 
griottler, TO. a kind of cherry tree. 
grippage, m. seizing, etc. (see gripper). 
grippeler, v.r. shrink. 
grippement, m. seizing, etc. (see gripper). 
gripper, v.t. seize, grip, catch; snatch; shrink, 

contract. — v.r. shrink, shrivel. — v.i. 

(Mack.) grip, bind, wedge, grind. 
grippure, /. (Mack.) worn part. 
gris, a. gray, grey; (of paper) imbleached,brown; 

(of wine) pale; tipsy. — to. gray, grey. 

grls acier, steel gray. 

— ardoise, slate gray. 

— argenté, silver gray. 

— clair, light gray. 

— d'acier, steel gray. 

— de fer, iron gray; {Dyeing) iron liquor. 

— de perle, pearl gray. 

— de zinc, zinc dust. 

— foncé, dark gray. 

— perle, pearl gray. 

grisaille, /. grizzled color, gray, mixed white 
and black. — a. grizzled, gray. 

grlsard, a. dark gray, or grayish brown. 

grisâtre, a. grayish, greyish. 

griser, v.t. gray, make gray; shade (with lines) ; 
intoxicate. — v.i. become gray. — v.r. be- 
come intoxicated. 

grisou, TO. fire damp. 

grisoumètre, to. an apparatus for analyaog 
air for fire damp. 

grisouteux, a. containing fire damp. 

Groenland, to. Greenland. 

grogner, v.i. grimt; grumble. 

grolsU, TO. broken glass, cuUet. 

gronder, v.t. growl, roar, rumble; grumble. 

gros, a. big, large, great; coarse, gross, thick; 
heavy; (of colors) daik, deep; (of persons) 
rich. — TO. bulk, mass, body, main part; 
largcHsized material, specif, lump coal; 
{Com.) wholesale; revenue; grogram (a 
fabric). — adv. much, largely, high. 
en — , wholesale; in general. 

— hleu, a coarse variety of smalt. 
gros-blanc, to. a cement composed of whiting 

and glue. 
groseille, /. currant. — a. currant-oolored, 
currant-red, currant. 

— à maquereau, — verte, gooseberry. 
groseillier, m. currant bush, currant; (d 

maquereau) gooseberry bush, gooseberry. 

grosse, a.fem. of gros. — /. gross; large piece. 

grossement, adv. in general; grossly. 

grosserie, /. wholesale trade. 

grossesse, /. pregnancy. 

grosseur, to. size; swelling, tumor. 

grossier, a. coarse; rough, rude, gross; imper- 
fect. — TO. coarse material. 

grossièrement, adv. coarsely; roughly, rudely, 
grossly; imperfectly. 

grossièreté, /. coarseness; coarse language. 

grossir, v.i. grow large or larger, increase, swell. 
— v.t. magnify; enlarge, make larger, in- 
crease, swell. — v.r. grow larger, increaae; 
be magnified; be enlarged. 

grossissant, p. a. magnifjdng; enlarging; in- 

grossissement, m. magnification, magnifying; 
magnifsring power; enlargement; increase 
ing, swelling. 

grossulalre, a. grossular. 

uigiiizea Dy 





grotte, /. grotto. 
groupe, m. group; set. 

— directeur^ directing group, (in dyes) chro- 

— haptophore, haptophorous group, hapto- 
phore group. 

— imidé, imido (or imino) group. 

— sulfonique, sulfonic group, sulfo group. 

— ioxophore, toxophorous group, toxophore 

— yttrique, yttrium group. 
groopement, m. grouping; group; gathering; 

(JElee.) connecting up, connection. 

— prosthétiquCt prosthetic group. 
grouper, v.t. group; {Elec.) connect up, join 

up. — «.«.group. — r.r. group; gather. 

— en dérivation, — en quantité, (Elec.) connect 
in parallel. 

— en aerie, — en tension, (Elec.) connect in 

gruau, m. meal, coarse flour, specif, wheat 
meal; grits, groats; flour; gruel; small 

gruauter, v.t. grind, reduce to meal. 

grue, /. crane. 

— à vapeur, steam crane. 
gruer, v.t. grind, reduce to meal. 
grugeon, m. a large piece of sugar. 
gruger, v.t. crimch. 

grume, /. bark. 

grumeau, m. clot; flock; lump, particle. 

gmmeieui, a. clotted, clotty, lumpy. 

grumeiure, /. small hole (in cast metal). 

grumUlon, m. piece of forge scale. 

gruyère, m. Gruyère cheese, Schweitaer 

guaeo, m. (Bot. A Pharm.) guaco. 
guaétboi, m. guaiethol (2-ethoxyphenol). 
guanase, /. guanase. 
guaner, v.t. manure with guano. 
guanidlne, /. guanidine. 
guanier, a. of or yielding guano, guaniferous. 
guanine, /. guanine. 
guano, m. guano. 

— de chauvea-Kouris, bat guano. 

— de poissons, fish guano, fish manure. 

— de viande, meat guano, meat meal. 

— marin, — polaire, a fertilizer made from 
whale refuse. 

— phospliaté, phosphatic guano. 

guède, /. woad, pastel (either dye or plant). 
guéder, v.t. dye with woad; cram, stuff. 
guéderon, guédron, guédon, m. woad 

guêpe, /. wasp. 
guère, adv. (with ne) scarcely, hardly, little, 

not long, not much, few. 
guérir, v.t. cure. — v.i. A r. recover; heal; be 

cured (of). 

guérlson, m. cure, recovery, healing. 

guérite, /. a small chamber or shelter, as a 
condensation chamber in the manufacture 
of zinc oxide, a sentry box, a lookout, a 
conning tower, a locomotive cab or a tele- 
phone booth. 
— respiratoire, respiration chamber. 

guerre, /. war; warfare; war department. 

guerrier, a. warlike, martial. — m. warrior. 

guesdre, /. woad, pastel. 

guesdron, m. woad dyer. 

guet, m. watch. 

guetter, v.t. watch; lie in wait for. 

gueulard, m. throat, mouth (of a blast fur- 
nace); mouth (of a sewer). 

gueule, /. mouth; (of a gun) muzzle, mouth; 
(Founding) gate. 

gueuse, /. (Iron) pig. 

gueuse-mère, /. (Iron) sow. 

gueuset, m. (Iron) small pig. 

gul, TO. (Bot.) mistletoe (Viscum aUmm). 

guichet, m. wicket; little window; shutter. 

guidage, m. guiding, etc. (see guider). 

guide, TO. guide. — /. rein. 

guider, v.t. guide; conduct, direct; steer. 

gulldlYe, /. a kind of rum. 

gulllage, TO. (Brevnng) working, fermenting. 

guillemet, to. quotation mark, quote. 

gulllemeter, v.t. put in quotation marks. 

gulller, v.i. (Brevnng) work, ferment. 

gulllolre, /. fermentation vat, gyle vat. 

guimauve, /. (Bot.) marshmallow (AUhœa). 

gulnand, to. (Olass) a hollow cylinder used in 
stirring optical glass. 

gulnder, v.t. raise, hoist, lift. 

gulnée, /. guinea; (cap.) Guinea. 

gulpage, TO. wrapping, winding; insulation. 

guiper, v.t. wind, wrap (with tape or the like). 

guise, /. manner, fashion, way, wise. 
en — de, instead of, by way of. 

gummlfère, a. gummiferous, gum-bearing. 

gurgu, gurjum, gurjun, to. gurjun, gurjun 
balsam (from Dipterocarpus species). 

gutta, /. Short for gutta-percha. 

gutta-percba, gutta-perca, /. gutta-percha. 

gutte, /. gamboge, gum guttœ. 

guttlfère, a. (Bot.) guttiferous; (Min.) in the 
form of drops or tears. 

gsnmnosperme, a. (Bot.) gymnospermous. 
— TO. gymnosperm. 

gypse, TO. gypsum. 

gypseux, a. gypseous. 

gypelfère, a. gypsiferous. 

gypsomètre, to. gypsometer (apparatus for 
determining sulfates in wine). 

gypsométrlque, a. gsrpsometric, pertaining to 
the determination of sulfates in wine. 

gyratoire» a. gyratory. 

Digitized by 



, a, capable, competent, skillful, clever. 
J adv. ably, skillfully, cleverly. 
habileté, /. ability, skill, cleverness. 
hablllase, m. dressing, etc. (see habiller). 
habillement, m. clothing. 
hablDer, v.t. dress; cover, wrap; clothe; fit, 

become. — v.i. fit, be becoming. 
habit, m. attire, clothes, garment, suit, habit, 

coat, dress coat. 
habitant, m. inhabitant, resident. 
habitation, /. dwelling, habitation; haunt; 

settlement; plantation. 
habiter, v.t. inhabit, Uve in. — v.i. dwell. 
habitude, /. habit. 

d* — , ordinarily. 
habituel, a. usual, customary; habitual. 
habituellement^ adv. usually, customarily; 

habituer, v.t. habituate, accustom. 
hache, /. ax. 
hacher, v. t. chop, hack, cut (in pieces), hash, 

mince, shred; hatch, shade. 
hachette, /. hatchet. 

— à marteau, = hachette-marteau. 
hachette-marteau, n. hatchet with hanmier 

hachisch, hachlch, m. hashish. 
hachoir, m. cutter, chopper; chopping board. 
hachure, /. hatching, shading. 
haem-. See hém-. 
haï, p.p. of hair. 
hale, /. hedge. 

halne, /. hatred, hate, enmity. 
hair, v.t. hate, abhor, detest. 
haleine, /. breath. 

en — , in working trim, in practice. 
haler, v.t. & i. haul, pull. 
haleter, v.i. pant, breathe quickly. 
hallmètre, m. = halomètre (first def.). 
halle, /. market, market place. 
halo, m. halo. 

halochlmle, /. the chemistry of salts. 
halochlmlque, a. pertaining to the chemistry 

of salts. 
haloKénaikyl-magnéslen, a. In the phrase 

composé halogénaikylr^magnésient alkylmag- 

nesium halide. 
halogène, m. halogen. — a. halogen, halo- 

halogène, p.a. halogenated, halogen. 

halogéniQae, a. designating the residues of 
oxacids (as NO|, SO«, etc.). 

halographe, m. one who writes about salts. 

halographle,/. halography, description of salts. 

halolde, a. haloid, halide. — m. halide. 

halologle, /. a treatise on salts. 

halologlque, a. pertaining to the knowledge 
or description of salts. 

halomètre, m. an apparatus for determining 
the amoimt of salts present (as in sirups) ; 
an instrument for measuring the angles of 
salt crystals, goniometer. 

halométrle, /. determination of salts. 

halométrlque, a. pertaining to the determina- 
tion of salts. 

halotechnle, /. the art of preparing salts. 

halotechnlque, a. pertaining to the prepara- 
tion or manufacture of salts. 

haltère, m. dumb-bell. 

halurgle, /. halurgy. (Qbs.) 

halurglque, a. relating to salt making. 

hambourg, m. small cask, keg; (cap.) Ham- 

hameau, m. hamlet. 

hameçon, m. fish hook. 

hampe, /. staff, shank, handle; (fiot.) stem, 

hanche, /. hip, haimch; (Tech.) leg. 

hanebane, /. (Bot.) henbane (Hyoaeyamus 

hangar, m. open shed. 

happant, p.a. adhering, adherent (as clay to 
the tongue). 

happelourde, m. imitation gem. 

happement, m. adhering, etc. (see happer). 

happer, v.i. adhere, stick. — v.t. snap up, 
snatch, seise. 

harasse, /. crate (as for glass or porcelain). 

harderle, /. iron sulfate (Obs.?). 

hardl, a. bold; daring, hardy, venturesome. 

hardiesse, /. boldness. 

hareng, m. herring. 

haricot, m. bean (refers specif, to the genua 
Phaeeolua; cf. fève). 

harmallne, /. harmaline. 

harmonie, /. harmony. 

harmonieusement, adv. harmoniously. 

harmonieux, a. harmonious. 

harmonique, a. harmonic, harmonical. 


uigiiizea Dy V3v_-/\_/' 






barmoniqaemeiit, adv. harmonically. 
harmoniser, v.t. A r. harmonise. 
taarmotome, m. iMin.) harmotome. 
bamals, m. harness; equipment; gear, gear- 
harreylser, v.t. (Metal.) harveyixe, Harvesdae. 
hMArd, m. chance; accident; hazard, risk; 

à taut — , at all events, in any case. 

au — , at random. 

au — efe, at the risk of. 

par — , by chance, by accident, chance. 
hasarder, v.t.j r. & i. hazard, risk, venture. 
hasardeux, a. hazardous; venturesome. 
haschisch, m. hashish. 

liatchetlne, /. (Min.) hatchettite, hatchettine. 
hâte, /. haste, hurry, hastiness. 

à la — , en — , in haste, hastily, hurriedly. 
hftter, v.t. as r. hasten, hurry, quicken. 
hâttf, a. hasty; premature; (of fruits) early. 
hâttyement, adv. hastily; early. 
tiaufweric, m. run of mine, mine run. 
iiansse, /. rise (in price), advance; something 
which serves to raise, lift, support; second 
course (of a revCTberatory furnace); rear 
sight (of small arms), 
iiaosser, v.t. raise. — o.t. rise. — o.r. rise; be 

raised; (of weather) clear. 
liailt, a. high; deep; upper; (of colors) bright. 
— m. height; top. — adv. highly, high; 
above; back; loudly, aloud. 

de — en has, from above; from top to bottom. 

d'en — , from above. 

en — , above; up; upstairs. 

en — de, at the top of. 

JiaiUe preasion, high pressure. 

— fourneau, blast furnace. 

le — Rhin, the Upper Rhine. 

par en — , upward; by the upper way; at 
the top; up above. 

par — , upward. 
liailtenient, adv. highly; openly; loudly, 

iiauteiir, /. height; altitude; depth; loftiness. 

d la — de, on a level with, abreast with, 
equal to. 
iiaiit-foiinieaa, m. blast furnace. 
liatlyne, /. (Min.) haOyne, haQynite. 
tiafane, a. light chestnut. — m. Havana cigar 

or tobacco. — /. (cop., with La) Havana. 
havre, m. harbor; (cap., with Le) Havre. 
Haye (La), /. The Hague. 
hebdomadaire, a. weekly. 
hebdomadairement, adv, weekly, once a week. 
liébéter, v.t. stupefy. 
liébétnde, /. (Med.) hebetude, dullness. 
hébraïque, a. Hebrew, Hebraic. 
hébreu, a. at m. Hebrew. 
hect*. a66re9. (hectoUtre) hectoliter. 
liectare, m. hectare (10,(X)0 sq. m.; 2.471 acres). 

tiectogramme, hecto, m. hectogram (100 

hectolitre, iiecto, m. hectoliter, hectolitre 

(100 liters; 26.417 U.S. gals., 22.0097 

hectostère, m. hectoetere (100 eu. m., 130.8 

ou. yds.). 
liédéoma, m. (Bot.) hedeoma. (American) 

iiédonal, m. (Pharm.) hedonal. 
liélianthe, m. (Bot.) sunflower, helianthus. 
héliantiilne, /. helianthin (methyl orange). 
hélice, /. heUz; (Mech.) screw. 
hélldne, /. helicin. 
hélicoïdal, a. helicoidal. 
héllcolde, a. helicoid, helical. — m. heliooid. 
héllochromie, /. heliochromy, color photog- 
héllochromique, a. heliochromic. 
héliographle, /. heliography. 
héliographique, a. heliographic. 
héliogravure, /. heliogravure. 
hélloplastle, /. a process of photo-engraving. 
hello troplne, /. heliotropin (piperonal). 
héllotypie, /. heliotjrpy. 
hélium, m. helium. 
hellébore, m. (Bot.) hellebore. 
helminthe, m. intestinal worm, helminth. 
helmlnthique, a. & m. (Med.) helminthic. 
helvétique, a. Swiss. 
hématéine, /. hematein, hœmatein. 
hématie, /. red blood corpuscle, erythrocyte. 
hématlmètre, m. hematimeter, hœmatimeter. 
hématine, /. hematin, hœmatin. 
hématlque, a. hematic, hœmatic. 
hématite, /. (Min.) hematite. — a. hematitio, 

blood-red, blood. 

— hrunct brown hematite, limonite. 

— rouge, red hematite, ordinary hematite. 
hématocrlte, m. hematocrit, hematocrit. 
hématogène, m. hematogen, hœmatogen. 
hématoldlne, /. hematoidin, hœmatoidin. 
hématolyse, /. hematolysis, hemolysis. 
hématoporphyrine, /. hematoporphyrin. 
hématoxyle, m. logwood tree (Hœmatoxylon). 
hématoxyllne, /. hematoxylin, hœmatoxylin. 
hématurie, /. (Med.) hematuria, hematuria. 
hémlalbumose, /. hemialbumose. 
hémicirculaire, a. semicircular. 
hémicylindrique, a. hemicylindrical. 
hémlèdre, a. (Cryet.) hemihedral. 
hémlédrle,/. (Cryel.) hemihedrism, hemihedry. 

— plagièdre, plagihedral hemihedrism. 
hémlédrlque, a. hemihedral, (rarely) hemi- 

hémlmellique, a. hemimellitic. 
hémlne, /. hemin, hsemin. 
iiémiperméable, a. semipermeable. 
hémlplnique, a. hemipic, hemipinic. 
hémlprismatique, a. (Cryat.) hemiprismatie. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





bémisphère» m. hemisphere. 

Iléllll8phériqae« a. hemispheric (al). 

Mlllltrope, a. (Cryèt.) hemitrope, hemitropic. 

hémltrople» /. {Cryat.) hemitropism, hemi- 

Mmochromosène» m. hemochromogen. 

liéinocytomètrey m. hemacytometer, hemo- 

hémoglobine, /. hemoglobin, hœmoglobin. 

hémogloblnomètre, m. hemoglobinometer. 

hémogloblniule» /. hemoglobinuria. 

hémolyse» /. hematolysis, hemolysis. 

hémoiystaie, /. hemolysin, hœmolysin. 

hémolytlque» a. hematolytic, hemolytic. 

hémomètre» m. hemometer, hemadynometer. 

hémopynol» m. hemopyrrole. 

hémorrasie» hémorrhsgie, /. hemorrhage. 

hémorragique» hémorrhaglque, a. hemor- 

hémorroïde» hémorrholde, /. hemorrhoid, 

hémostatique» a. d: m. hemostatic, hemo- 

henequen» m. henequen, henequin, sisal hemp. 

henné» henneh» m. henna. 

hépar» m. {Old Chem.) hepar. 

hépatique, a. hepatic. — /. (Bot,) hepatica. 

hépatisatlon» /. hepatization. 

hépatlser» v.t. hepatize. 

hépatite, /. {Min.) hepatite; {Med.) hepatitis. 

hepsomètee» m. an apparatus for regulating 
the evaporation of sugar solutions. 

hepsométrie» /. measurement of the degree of 
evaporation of sugar solutions. 

hepsométrlque» a. pertaining to hepsométrie. 

heptadécanolque» a. heptadecoic, heptade- 

heptaméthylène» m. heptamethylene (cyclo- 

heptane» m. heptane. 

heptose, /. heptose. 

heptylène, m. heptylene. 

heptyllque» a. heptyl. 

héraut» m. herald. 

herbacé» a. herbaceous. 

herbe»/, herb; grass, 
«n — , green, unripe; prospective; in embryo. 

— à fièvre, = herbe parfaite. 

— à jaunir, yellow weed {Reeeda luteola) ; 
woad waxen (Genista tinctoria). 

— à loup, wolfsbane, monkshood {Aconitum). 

— à rayons, madder. 

— à Robert, herb Robert. 

— à savon, soapwort. 

— au scorbut, scurvy grass {CocMearia ojffici- 

— au soleil, sunflower. 

— au verre, saltwort, glasswort {Salsola kali). 

— aux chantres, hedge mustard {Sisymbrium 

herbe aux diats, catnip; cat thyme. 

— aux tanneurs, tanner's sumac. 

— aux teinturiers, woadwaxen, dyer's green- 

— de Saint Antoine, willow herb {Chamœ- 
nerion angustifolium) . 

— de Saint-PhUippe, woad. 

— des Juifs, yellowweed {Reseda luteola). 

— dragon, — dragonne, tarragon. 

— empoisonnée, alkekengi; belladonna, night- 

— jaune, yellowweed {Reseda luteola). 

— marine, seaweed. 

— mauvaise, weed. 

— parfaite, boneset (JEupatorium perfoUor 

herber» v.t. grass, bleach on the grass. 

herbivore, a. herbivorous. — m. herbivore. 

herbue» /. pasture land; {Metal.) clay flux. 

herculéen» a. Herculean. 

héréditaire, a. hereditary. 

hérédité, /. heredity; heirship, inheritance. 

hérissé» a. bristling, bristly; covered; rough; 

hérisser» v.t. bristle; cover; {Masonry) rough- 
cast. — v.i. bristle; become rough. 

hérisson» m. hedgehog; {Mach.) cog wheel, 
spiu: wheel. 

héritage, m. heritage, inheritance. 

hériter, v.t. & i. inherit. 

héritier, m. heir. 

herméticité, /. state of being hermetic, air- 

hermétique, a. hermetic (al); Hermetic, Her- 
metical (pertaining to Hermes Trismegia- 
tus, or to alchemy). 

hwmétlquement, adv. hermetically. 

hermétisme, m. Hermetism (alchemical" doc- 
trine or cult). 

Hérodote, m. Herodotuâ. 

héroïque, a. heroic. 

héros, m. hero. 

herse, /. harrow. 

htfser, v.t. harrow. 

hésitation, /. hesitation. 

hésiter, v.i. hesitate. 

hespérldlne, /. hesperidin. 

hétérocllne, /. {Min.) a ferruginous braunite. 

hétérocycllque, a. heterocyclic. 

hétérogène, a. heterogeneous. 

hétérogénéité, /. heterogeneity, heterogene- 

hétéromorphlsme, m., hétéromorphle, /. 
{Cryst.) heteromorphism, heteromorphy. 

hétéroprotéose, m. heteroproteose. 

hétéroxanthine, /. heteroxanthine. 

hêtre, m. beech (either tree or wood). 

bouchère, /. {Bot.) heuchera. 

— d^ Amérique, alumroot {Heuchera amari- 

Digitized by 






f /. hour; time. 
à cette — , at this time, now. 
à V — 9u*il eat, at the present time. 
pour V — , for the present. 
sur V — , on the instant, immediately. 
(For other phrases see imder bon and tout). 
heureusement, adv. happily, advantageously, 

heureux, a. happy; fortunate; pleasing. 
heurt, m. shock, knock; bruise; crown (as of 

a bridge). 
heurter, v.t. hit, strike, knock, run against, col- 
lide with; shock. — v.r. A i. knock, hit, 

strike, collide. 
heurtoir, m. catch, stop; buffer, hurter; sill. 
hexachloré, a. hezachloro. 
hezBchlorure, m. hezachloride. 
hexaèdre, a. hezahedral. — m. hexahedron. 
hexaédrlque, a. hezahedral. 
hexagonal, a. hexagonal. 
hexagone, m. hexagon. 
hexahydraté, a. hexahydrated. 
hexahydrobenxénlque, a. of or pertaining to 

hexahydrobensene (cydohexane). 
hexahydrobenxolque, a. hexahydrobensoic 

(oyolohexanecarboxylic) . 
hexahydrophénol, m. hexahydrophenol (cy- 

hexahydropyrldlque, a. of or pertaining to 

hexahydropyridine (piperidine). 
hexahydrure, m. hexahydride. 
hexaméthylène, m. hexamethylene (radical 

and compound; the latter is better called 

hexaméthylénlque, a. of or pertaining to 

hexamethylene (cydohexane). 
hexanltré, a. hexanitrated, hexanitro. 
hexaoxybenzène, m. hexahydroxybensene. 
hexatomtque, a. hexatomic. 
hextte, /. hexitol, hexite. 
hexonlque, a. (of acids) hexonic; (of bases) 

hexosane, m. hexosan. 
hexose, /. hexose. 
hexyie, m. hexyl. 
hexylène, m. hexylene. 
hexylénlque, a. hexylene, of hexylene. 
hexyllque, a. hexyl, hexylic. 
hlbou, m. owl. 

hldrottque, a. & m. (Med.) hidrotic, sudorific. 
hie, /. ram, beetle, pile driver. 
hier, adv. yesterday. — v.t. ram, drive. — v.%. 

hilarant, a. exhilarating. 

gaz — , laughing gas (nitrous oxide). 
hlle, m. (Bot.) hilum. 
hlppurate, m. hippurate. 
hippurique, a. hippuric. 
hirudlne, /. hirudin. 
histldlne, /. histidine. 

hlstoehlmle, /. histochemistry. 

histoehlmlque, a. hi8tochemic(al). 

histogène, a. histogenetic, histogenio. 

histogenèse, /. histogenesis. 

histogénie, /. histogeny. 

hlstogénlque, a. histogenetic, histogenio. 

histoire, /. history; story. 

histologie, /. histology. 

hlstologlque, a. histologic, histological. 

hlstologlquement, adv. histologically. 

hlstologlste, m. histologist. 

hlstolyse, /. histolysis. 

hlstone, /. histone. 

historien, m. historian. 

historique, a. historic, historical. 

historiquement, adv. historically. 

hlTer, m. winter. 

hivernai, a. winter; wintry. 

hiverner, v.t. hibernate, winter. 

hi., abbrev. hectoliter (s), hectolitre(B). 

hoche, /. notch, nick. 

hoeher, v.t. shake; notch, nick. 

hollandais, a. Dutch. — m. Dutch (lan- 
guage); (cap.) Dutchman. 

hollande, /. Dutch porcelain; holland (the 
fabric); (cap.) Holland. — m. Dutch 
cheese, esp. Edam cheese. 

hollander, m. hollander, pulper. 

holmlum, m. holmium. 

hoioerlstaliln, a. (.Petrog.) holocrystalline. 

holoèdre, m. (Cryat.) holohedron. — a. holo- 

hoioédrle, /. (Cryat.) holohedrism. 

holoédrlque, a. (Cryat.) holohedral. 

homard, m. lobster. 

homéopathie, /. (Med.) homeopathy. 

homéotrople, /. homeotropy (analysis of 
liquids by behavior of their drops). 

homme, m. man. 

homocaféique, a. homocaffeic. 

homofluorescéine, /. homofluorescein. 

homofocal, a. homofocal, confocal. 

homogène, a. homogeneous. 

homogénélfler, v.t. homogenize. 

homogénélsateur, a. homogenizing. — m. 
homogenizer, homogenizing apparatus. 

homogénéisation, /. homogenization. 

homogénéiser, v.t. homogenize. 

homogénéité, /. homogeneity, homogeneou»- 

homogènement, adv. homogeneously. 

homogentlnlslque, homogentlslque, a. 

homol4H>shle, a. capable of being homologized. 

homoiogle, /. homology. 

homologlque, a. homologic(al), homologous. 

homologlquement, adv. homologically. 

homologue, a. homologous. 

homologuer, v.t. homologize; (Law) homolo- 

Digitized by 





homoplitallmlde» /. homophthalimide. 

bomopyroeateehlne, /. homopsrrocateohol. 

homopjmol, m. homopyrrole. 

homoqalnine, /. homoquinine. 

Hongrie, /. Hungary. 

hongrieur, m. » hongroyeur. 

hongrolerie» /. = hongroyage. 

hongrois, a. Hungarian. — m. Magyar O&n- 
guage); (cap.) Hungarian. 

hongroyage, m. preparation of Hungary 
leather (tanning with alum and salt fol- 
lowed by dressing with tallow or other 
fatty material). 

bongroyer, v.t. convert into Hungary leather, 
subject to hongroyage (which see). 

hongroyeur, m. maker of Hungary leather. 

honnête, a. honest; proper; decent; reason- 
able, moderate; civil. 

honnêtement, adv. honestly, etc. (see hon- 

honnêteté, /. honesty; propriety; civility; 
kindness; present. 

honneur, m. honor, honour, 
en — , in favor. 

honorable, a. honorable. 

honorablement, adv. honorably. 

honondre, a. honorary. — m. (also pi.) 

honorer, v.t honor; be an honor to. 

honte, /. shame. 

honteusement, adv. shamefully. 

honteux, a. shameful; ashamed; timid. 

hOpital, m. hospital. 

horatare, a. hourly; horary. — m. time-table. 

hordélne, /. hordein. 

horiion, m. horizon. 

horizontal, a. horizontal. 

horiiontalement, adv. horizontally. 

horloge, /. clock, timepiece. 

hormis, prep, except, excepting, but. 

— que, except that. 

hormonal, a. of or pertaining to hormones. 
hormone, /. hormone. 
hornblende, /. (Aftn.) hornblende. 
horreur, m. horror. 

hors, prep, outside, without, out of; except, 
but. — cuiv. outside, out. 

— de, out of. 
horticole, a. horticultural. 
hospitaller, a. hospitable. 
hostile, a. hostile. 
hostilité, /. hostility. 
h6te, m. host; guest. 

hfttel, m. mansion, house, hall, building; hotel. 

— d« ville, city hall, city building. 

hotte, /.hood ; basket(f or ore, etc?) ; hod ; scuttle. 

— à bon (or fort) tirage, hood with a good 
(or strong) draft. 

hottée, /. basketful; hodful; scuttleful. 
hotter, v.t. carry in a basket, hod or scuttle. 

houblon, m. hop (the plant or its flower). 
houblonnage, m. hopping, addition of hope. 
houblonner, v.t. bop, impregnate with hops. 
houblonnier, a. pertaining to hops, hop. — m. 

hop raiser. 
houblonnl^«, /. hop field, hop garden. 
hone, /. hoe. 

— à cheval, horse hoe, cultivator. 
houement, m. hoeing. 

houer, v.t. <& i. hoe. 
houille, /. (mineral) coal. 

— à courte fiamme, short-flame coal. 

— à longue flamme, long-flame coal. 

— anthraciteuae, anthracite coal. 

— blanche, water power, specif, that of springs 
and waterfalls (said to be so called in allu- 
sion to the mountain snows which feed the 

— bleue, wind power (from the blue of the 

houille brune, brown coal, lignite. 

— carboniaée, coke. 

— crue, coal (as distinguished from coke). 

— de forge, forge coal. 

— demi-graaee, a short-flame coking coal. 

— éclatante, anthracite coal, glance coal. 

— flambante, flaming coal. 

— grasse, fat coal, coking coal. 

— luisante, anthracite coal, glance coal. 

— maigre, lean coal, nonbituminous coal; 
specif., semi-anthracite. 

— maréctuUe, forge coal. 

— noire, black coal, coal (as distinguished 
from lignite or from water power and wind 

— non collante, non-caking coal. 

— proprement dite, coal in the proper sense 
(by some applied to bituminous coal). 

— sans fiamme, non-flaming coal. 

— sèche, dry coal ; non-coking coal. 

— tendre, soft coal. 

— terreuse, earthy coal, lignite. 

— tout-venante, rough coal, nm of mine. 

— verte, water power from ordinary water- 
courses (said to be so called in allusion to 
the greenness of the banks). 

houlUer, a. coal, of or containing coal. 

houillère, /. coal mine, colliery. 

bouilleur, m. coal miner. 

houiUeux, a. coal, coaly, containing coal. 

houlllite, /. anthracite (old name). 

houle, /. swell, billow. 

houlette, /. shepherd's crook; (Tech.) any of 
several tools, as a glassmaker's shovel or 
spatula, a founder's scoop or a garden 

houppe, /. tuft. 

houppe, a. tufted. 

houppette, /. small tuft. 

houssage, m. dusting, sweeping. 

uigiiizea Dy \.jkj 





housse» /. housing, cover; (Ceram.) mugh 
form of what is to be a vase or other hollow 

honsser, v.t. dust, sweep. 

hoossolr, m. duster, whisk, broom (as of 
feathers or hair). 

boox, m. (Bot.) holly, holly tree. 

hoche» /. bin, chest; trough, tub. 

huilage, m. oiling. 

huile, /. oil. 

à V — , (Painting) in oil, oil. 

— à brûler, burning oil, specif, kerosene. 

— absolue de Braconnât, olein. 

— à graisser, lubricating oil. 

— aiimentaire, oil for food, edible oil. 

— à manger, edible oil; specif., table oil, 
salad oil. 

— à mécanisme, — à mouvement, machine oil. 

— animale, animal oil; specif., bone oil. 

— à usine, lubricating oil. 

— blanche, white oil, specif., (Painting) 
poppy oil. 

— hruUt crude oiL 

— camphrée, (PJiarm.) camphor liniment. 

— comestible, edible oil. 

— copal à tableaux, (Painting) poppy or lin- 
seed oil to which copal has been added. 

— crue, raw oil. 

— euHe, boiled oil; linseed oil varnish. 

— d'amandes douces, sweet-almond oil, ex- 
pressed oil of almond. 

— d*araehide, peanut oil, groundnut oil. 

— d'arsenic, (Old Chem.) butter of arsenic, 
caustic oil of arsenic (arsenic trichloride). 

— de baleine, whale oil, train oil. 

— de blanc de baleine, sperm oil, spermaceti 

— de boiuJie, edible oil. 

— de Brésil, copaiba. 

— de cacao, cacao butter, cocoa butter. 

— de cade, oil of cade, cade oil. 

— de cantharides térébenihinée, (Pharm.) blis- 
tering liquid. 

— de cétacés, whale oil. 

— de cheval, caballine oil, melted horse grease. 

— de coco, coconut oil. 

— de colza, colsa oil (a variety of rapeseed 

— de coprah, copra oil, coconut oil. 

— de coton, cottonseed oil. 

— de couperose, oil of vitriol, concentrated 
sulfuric acid; specif., Nordhausen acid, 
fuming sulfuric acid. 

— de créosote, creosote oil. 

— de croton, croton oil. 

— de cuisine, cooking oil, edible oil. 

— de foie de morue, codliver oil. 

— de fusel, fusel oil. 

— de goudron, tar oil. 

— de grain, fusel oil. 

huUe de graissage, lubricating oiL 

— de graisse, Iwrd oil. 

— de houiUe, coal-tar oil. 

— de lampe, lamp oil, burning oil. 

— de lin, linseed oil. 

— de lin crue, raw linseed oil. 

— de lin cuùe, boiled linseed oil. 

— de machine, machine oil, engine oil. 

— de marc, oil extracted from marc (as ol 
grapes or olives). 

— de morue, cod oil, codliver oil. 

— de naphte, a petroleum distillate used as a 
solvent, for preserving sodium, etc. 

— de navette, rape oil, rapeseed oil, colsa 

— d'enfer, worst grade of oil. 

— de noix, nut oil (specif., in painting, wal- 
nut oil). 

— d'ensimage, oil for oiling wool, etc., textile 

— de palmorchrisH, castor oiL 

— de palme, palm oil. 

— de paraffine, paraflSn oil; (Pharm.) liquid 
petrolatum, liquid paraffin. 

— de pétrole, petroleimi; any oil obtained 
from petroleum, specif, kerosene. 

— de pied(s) de bœuf, neat's-foot oil. 

— de pied de mouton, sheep's-foot oil. 

— de pierre, rock oil, petroleum. 

— de poisson, fish oil. 

— de poix, cade oil. 

— de pomme de terre, (literally, potato oil) 
fusel oil or, specif., fermentation amyl 

— de ravison, ravison oil. 

— de recense, an inferior olive oil extracted 
from the marc. 

— de résine, resin oil; rosin oil. 

— de ressence, « huile de recense. 

— de ricin, castor oil. 

— de rorqual rostre, dœgling oil. 

— de roses de l'Orient, attar of roses. 

— de schiste, schist oil. 

— de semence de lin, linseed oil. 

— de semences de cotonnier, cottonseed oil. 

— de SénégàU, Senegal oil, African palm oil. 

— de sésame, sesame oil, benne oil, gingili 
seed oil. 

— des Hottandais, oil of the Dutch chemists 
(ethylene chloride). 

— des pieds du gros bétail, neat's-foot oil. 

— de succin, oil of amber, amber oil. 

— de suif, tallow oil, olein. 

— de table, table oil, salad oil. 

— de tartre, (Old Chem.) salt of tartar (a pure 
potassium carbonate), esp. when in a deliw 
quesced state. 

— de térébenthine, oil of turpentine, spirits of 

— de terre, earth oil, petroleum. 

uigitizea Dy ^ 





d'éther, iPharm.) ethereal oil, heavy oil of 

— détananUt explosive oil, specif, nitro- 

— de veau marin, seal oil. 

— de vin pesante, heavy oil of wine. 

— de vitriol, oil of vitriol. 

— distillée, distilled oil, volatile oil. 

— d'oa, bone oil, Dippel's oil. 

— douce, sweet oil, specif., olive oil. 

— douce de vin, sweet oil of wine (a complex 
residue from the manufacture of ether); 
oil of wine, œnanthic ether. 

— du styrax, liquid storax. 

— empyreumatigue, empyreumatic oil. 

— essentielle, essential oil. 

— essenlielle de pétrole, a heavy petroleimi 
spirit used in painting. 

— éthérée, ethereal oil. 

— explosive = huile détonante. 

— fixe, fixed oil. 

— froide, an oil that has a low freezing point. 

— grasse, fatty oil. 

— grasse à tableaux, (Painting) boiled linseed 

— grasse blanche, (Painting) a bleached and 
boiled poppy oil. 

— industrielU, industrial oil. 

— lampante, purified oil; lamp oil, burning 
oil, specif, kerosene. 

— légère, light oil. 

— litharges, — lithargyrée, oil that has been 
treated with litharge, boiled oil. 

— lourde, heavy oil. 

— lubrifi^inte, lubricating oil. 

— mangeable, edible oil. 

— minérale, mineral oil, specif, petroleum. 

— moyenne, middle oil. 

— non-siccative, non-drying oil. 

— phénolique, carbolic oil. 

— phosphorée, (Pharm.) phosphorated oil. 

— pour rouge turc, Turkey-red oil. 

— pyrogênée, empyreumatic oil. 

— ranee, rancid oil. 

— siccative, drying oil. 

— tournante, rank olive oil. 

— végétale, vegetable oil. 

— verte, green oil, specif, anthracene oil. 

— vierge, virgin oil, oil from the first light 

— volatile, volatile oil. 

— volatile de goudron, oil of tar, tar oil. 

— volatile de térébenthine, oil of turpentine, 
spirits of turpentine. 

— volatile éthérée,ethereù.\ oil, heavy oil of wine. 

mettre en — , (Leather) dress with oil, stuff, oil. 

(For the meaning of any phrase not included 
here, as huUe de cèdre, huile de chènevis, 
etc. see the other important word in the 

huilement, m. oiling. 

huUer, v.t, oil. — v.i. exude oil. 

huilerie, /. oil works; oil mill; oil shop. 

huUense» /. machine for making oil; oiler 

— o. fem. of huileux. 
halleax, a. oily. 

huilier, m. oiler, oil can; oil manufacturer; oil 
merchant; oil cruet; oil stand, castor. 

— a. of or pertaining to oil. 
huls clos, closed door, private. 
huit, a. db m. eight; eighth. 

huitaine, /. eight days, week; eight, about 

huitième, a. A m. eighth. 

huître, /. oyster. 

humain, a. human; humane. — m. human 
being, man. 

humainement, adv. humanly; humanely. 

humanitaire, a. humanitarian. 

humanité, /. humanity. 

humant, of hiuner. 

humate, m. humate. 

humectage, m. moistening, dampening. 

humectant, p.a. moistening; (Med.) humec- 
tant, diluent. — m. (Med.) diluent. 

humectatlon, /. moistening, dampening, hu- 

humecter, v.t. moisten, dampen, render humid. 

— v.r. be moistened, become moist or 

humer, v.t. suck, suck up, suck in; inhale, 

sniff, snuff. 
humescent, a. becoming humid. 
humeur, m. humor, humour; fluid; ill humor; 

sucker, inhaler, sniffer. 

— amniotique, amniotic fluid. 

— aqueuse, (Anat.) aqueous himior. 
humeux, a. of or pertaining to humus. 
humide, a. humid, moist, damp, wet. 
humldement, adv. humidly, moistly, damply. 
humldtw, v.t. moisten, dampen, humidify. 
humidification, /. humidification, moistening, 

humidifier, v.t. humidify, render humid, 

moisten, dampen. 
humldlftage, a. repelling moisture. 
humidité, /. hmnidlty; humidness, moisture, 

moistness, dampness. 
humlque, a. hiunic. 
humullne,/. humulin (lupulin). 
humus, m. humus. 
hurler, v.t. howl. 
hyacinthe, /. db a. hyacinth. 
hyaclnthlne, /. (Min.) hyacinth, 
hyalln, a. hyaline. — /.hyalin. 
hyalite, /. (Min.) hyalite; (Med.) hyalitis. 
hyalogène, m. hyalogen. — a. hyalogen, 

hyalolde, hyaloldlen, a. hyaloid. 
hyalosldérlte, /. (Min.) hyalosiderite. 

y Google 




byatotechnie, /. art of making and working 

hyalotechnique, a. pertaining to hyalotechnie. 

hyalurgic» /• ai't of making glass. 

hyalurglque, a. pertaining to glass making. 

hybride, m. éb o. hybrid. 

hyekori, m. hickory (wood and tree). 

hydantolne, /. hydantoin. 

hydncide, m. hydracid. 

hydncryllque, a. hydracrylic. 

hydragogue, a. A m. (Med.) hydragog, hydra- 

hydralcool, m. alcohol diluted with water, esp. 
under-proof spirit. 

hydnicoollque» a. = hydro-alcoolique. 

hydnmlde, m. hydramide. 

hydranthracène» m. any hydrogen addition 
product of anthracene. 

hydrargyre, m. hydrargyrum, mercury. 

hydrargyride, a. pertaining to mercury. 

hydrargyrie, /. {Med.) hydrargjniasis, mer- 

hydraniTriqae» a. hydrargyric, mercurial. 

hydrargyrisme, m. hydrargyrism, mercurial- 

hydrarfsymre» m. alloy with mercury, amal- 

hydraste, m. (Bot.) hydrastis. 

— du Canada^ goldenseal ( Hydrastis cana- 

hydrastine, /. hydrastine. 
hydrastlnlne, /. hydrastinine. 
hydratable, a. capable of being hydrated. 
hydratant, p.a. hydrating. 
hydratation, /. hydration. 
hydrate, m. hydrate; hydroxide. 

— d'alumine, aluminium hydroxide. 

— de carbone, carbohydrate. 

— de chaux, hydrated lime, calcium hy- 

— de (Moral, chloral hydrate. 

— de chloral butyligue, (Pharm.) butyl- 
chloral hydrate (2,2,3-trichloro-l,l-butane- 

— de peroxyde de fer, ferrie hydroxide. 

— de phényle, phenol. 

— de potasse, caustic potash. 

— de soude, caustic soda. 

hydraté, p.a. hydrated; hydrate of; hydroxide 

I^ydrater, v.t. hydrate. — v.r. combine with 

water, become hydrated; (loosely) absorb 

water, deliquesce. 
hydratfqiie, a. hydrate, pertaining to hydrates. 
hydratroplque, a. hydratropic. 
hydraulicien, m. hydraulic engineer, hydrauli- 

hydraiillclté, /. hydraulicity. 
hydraulique, a. hydraulic. — /. hydraulics. 
hydrazine, /. hydrazine. ' 

hydrazlnlque, a. hydrazine, of hydrazine. 

hydrasobenzène, m. hydrazobenzene. 

hydrazolque, a. hydrazo; hydrazoic. 

hydraione, /. hydrazone. 

hydréléon, m. (Med.) hydrelœon, hydrelœum 

hydrémle, /. (Med.) hydremia, hydrsemia. 

hydrer, v.t. hydrogenize, hydrogenate. 

hydriodate, m. hydriodide. 

hydrlodlque, a. hydriodic. 

hydrique, a. aqueous, of water, water. 

hydro-alcoollque, a. dilute alcoholic, water- 

hydro-alumlneuz, a. (Min.) hydroaluminoue, 
containing alumina and the elements of 

hydrfNU*omatlque, a. hydroaromatic. 

hydrobenzénlque, a. hydroaromatic. 

hydrobenzolne, /. hydrobenzoln. 

hydrobilirubine, /. hydrobilirubin. 

hydroboraclte, /. (Afin.) hydroboradte. 

hydrobromate, m. hydrobromide. 

hydrobromique, a. hydrobromic. 

hydroearbonate, m. hydrocarbonate, hydrous 
(or, sometimes, basic) carbonate. 

— de sine, (Pharm.) precipitated zinc car- 

hydrocarbone, m. hydrocarbon; carbohydrate. 
hydrocarboné, a. hydrocarbon, hydrooarbonic, 

hydrocarbonaceous; carbohydrate. 
hydrocarburateur, m. carburettor. 
hydrocarbure, m. hydrocarbon. 

— acétylênique, acetylene hydrocarbon. 

— allénique, aliène hydrocarbon. 

— éthylénique, ethylene hydrocarbon. 

— forménique, methane hydrocarbon, parafiSn. 

— non saturé, unsaturated hydrocarbon. 

— saturé, saturated hydrocarbon. 
hydrocele, /. (Med.) hydrocele. 
hydrocellulose, /. hydrocellulose. 
hydrocérame, m. a water cooler of porous 

hydrocéramique, a. hydroceramic, composed 

of porous clay. 
hydrochlorate, m. hydrochloride. 

— d'ammoniaque, ammonium chloride. 

— de chaux, calcium chloride. 

— de soude, sodium chloride. 
hydrochlorique, a. hydrochloric. 
hydroclnnamlque, a. hydrocinnamio. 
hydrocotarnlne, /. hydrocotarnine. 
hydrocoumarique, a. hydrocoumaric. 
hydrocyanate, m. hydrocyanide. 
hydrocyanlque, a. hydrocyanic. 
hydrodynamique, /. hydrodynamics. — a. 

hydrodynamic, hydrodynamical. 
hydro-électrique, a. hydro-electric. 
hydro-extracteur, m. hydro-extractor. 
hydroferroeyanlque, a. hydrofeirocyanic (fer- 


uigiiized Dy '' 





hydroflaate» m. hydrofluoride. 

hydrolliiorique, a. hydrofluoric. 

bydroflnoflilicique, a. hydrofiuosilicic, fluo- 

bydrofage» a. repelling water, protecting 
against moisture; waterproof, water- 

bydrogenable, a. hydrogenisable, hydrogenat- 

hydrogénatioii, /. hydrogenisation, hydro- 

liydrogénaiit» p.a. hydrogenising, hydrogenatr- 
ing. — m. hydrogenixer, hydrogenising 
agent, reducing agent. 

liydrogéiiAse, /. hydrogenase. 

hydrogénation, /. hydrogénation. 

bydrogènef m. hydrogen. 

— antimoniét antimoniuretted hydrogen, 

— arséniét arseniuretted hydrogen, araine. 

— hicarhanSt bicarburetted hydrogen (eth- 

— carboné^ hydrocarbon. 

— disponible, (Coal) disposable hydrogen (the 
excess of hydrogen in a coal over that neces- 
sary to form water with the oxygen 

— naisaarUt nascent hydrogen. 

— phosphore, phosphuretted hydrogen (hy- 
cb-ogen phosphide, specif, phoephine). 

— ailénié, seleniuretted hydrogen (hydrogen 

— nlicie, siliduretted hydrogen (silicon hy- 
dride, hydrogen silicide). 

— sulfuré, sulfuretted hydrogen, hydrogen 

bydrogéner, v.t. hydrogenize, hydrogenate. 

— v.r. be hydrogenised, be hydrogenated. 
hydrogénlque» a. hydrogen, of hydrogen. 
hydrogénlser, v.t. hydrogenise. 
hydrogénure, m. hydride. 
hydrolodlque, a. hydriodio. 
hydrolat, m. iPharm.) water, medicated water. 

— de fleurs d* oranger, orange flower water. 
hydroiysable, a. hydrolyzable. 
hydrolygatlon, /. hydrolyzation. 
hydrolyse, /. l^drolysis. 

hydrolyscr, vX. hydrolyse. 

hydromel, m. hydromel. 

hydrométallurgle, /. hydrometallurgy. 

hydrométaUurglque, a. hydrometallurgical. 

hydromètre, m. hydrometer. 

hydrométrie, /. hydrometry. 

hydrométrlque, a. hydrométrie, hydrometri- 

hydrominéral, a. relating to mineral waters. 

hydronaphtalène, m. hydronaphthalene (any 
hydrogen addition product of naphthalene) . 

hydronaphtol, m. hydronaphthol (any hydro- 
gen addition product of naphthol). ' 

hydroombellique, a. hydroumbellio. 
hydrophane, /. (Mi'n.^ hydrophane. — a. 

hydrophile, a. (of cotton, etc.) absorbent; 

{fiaii) hydrophilous. 
hydrophosphate, m. {Min^ hydrated phos- 
hydrophthorlque, a. hydrofluoric (Obs.). 
hydroplque, a. (Afed.) dropsical, hydropic. 

— m. dropsical person. 
hydroplsle, /. {Med.) dropsy. 
hydroplastle, /. metal plating in a solution 

without the electric current. 
hydropneumatlqae, a. hydropneumatic 
hydropyrldlqne, a. hydropyridine. 
hydroqulnone, /. hydroquinol, hydroquinone. 
hydrorrhée, /. (Afed.) hydrorrhea. 
hydroslllcate, m. (Min.) hydrous silicate. 
hydroslDceax, a. (Min.) containing silica and 

the elements of water. 
hydrosol, m. hydrosol. 

hydrostatique, a. hydrostatic (al). — /. hy- 
hydrosulfate, m. hydrosulfide. 
hydrosulflte, m. hydrosulfite, hyposulfite. 
hydrosulfure, m. hydrosulfide; (formerly) sul- 
hydrosulfureuz, a. hydrosulfurous, hypoeul- 

hydrosulfurlque, a. hydrosulfuric. 
hydrothermal, a. hydrothermal. 
hydrotlmètre, m. hydrotimeter. 
hydrotlmétrle, /. hydrotimetry. 
hydrotlmétrlque, a. hydrotimetric. 
hydrotyple, /. a variety of collotype process. 
hydroxéthylénamlne, /. /3-hydroxyethyl- 

amine (2-aminoethanol). 
hydroxyde, m. hydroxide. 
hydroxydé, a. combined with hydrogen and 

oxygen, hydroxide of. 
hydroxylamlne, /. hydroxylamine. 
hydroxyle, m. hydroxyl. 
hydroxylé, a. hydroxylated, hydroxyl. 
hydroxyl-lmldé, a. hydroxyimido. 
hydroxyurée, /. hydroxyurea. 
hydruratlon, /. hydrogenization, hydrogéna- 
hydrure, m. hydride. 

— d'éViyle, ethyl hydride (ethane). 
hygiène, /. hygiene. 
hygiénique, a. hygienic. 
hyglénlquement, adv. hygienically. 
hygrlne, /. hygrine. 
hygrlque, a. hygric. 
hygromètre, m. hygrometer. 
hygrométrlelté, /. hygrometrioity; hygro- 

hygrométrie, /. hygrometry. 
hygrométrique, a. hygrométrie (al); hygro- 

Digitized by 





hygrométrlqnement, adv. hygrometricaUy. 
hygroscoplclté, /. hygroacopicity. 
bygrosoople» /. hygroeoopy. 
hygrosoopiqne, a. hygroscopic, hygroecopical. 
bygroseoplquement, adv. hygrofloopically. 
hyoeholallque, a. hyocholio. 
hyofidne, /. hyoecine. 
byoscyBDHino, /. hyoscyamiue. 
hyperbole, /. hyperbole. 

— équHatère, equilateral hyperbola. 
hyperbolique, a. hyperbolic, hyperbolical. 
hyperbollquement, adv. hjrperbolically. 
hyperbololde, m. A a. (Geom.) hyperboloid. 
hyperchlorhydrle, /. (Afed.) hyperohlor- 


hyperchloriqne, a. hyperchloric (perchloric). 

hyperémle, hyperhémle, /. (Med.) hyper- 
emia, hsrperœmia. 

hyperglycémie, /. hyperglycemia, hyper- 

hypérlodlqne, a. hyperiodic (periodic). 

hyperoxyde, m. hyperoxide (peroxide). 

hypertonlqne, a. hypertonic. 

hypertrophie, /. {Med. <k Biol) hsrpertrophy. 

hypertrophié, a. hypertrophied. 

hyphe, /. (Bot.) hypha. 

hypnal, m. (Pharm.) hypnal. 

hypoazotenx, a. hyponitrous. 

hypoazotlqne, a. hyponitric (" hyponitric 
acid " is an old name for nitrogen peroxide) . 

hypoazotlte, m. hyponitrite. 

hypoehlorenx, a. hypochlorous. 

hypochlorhydrle, /. {Med.) hypochlorhydria. 

hypochlorlqne, a. hypochloric (" hypochlorio 
add " is an old name for chlorine dioxide). 

hypochlorite, m. hypochlorite. 

— de chaux, hypochlorite of lime, bleaching 

— de potasse, hypochlorite of potash, eau de 

— de soude, hypochlorite of soda, eau de 

hypoderme, m. (Bot.) hypoderma; (Zoôl.) 
hypodermis, hypoderm. 

hypodermique, a. hypodermic. 
hypodermlquement, adv. hypodermioally. 
hypoglycémie, /. hypoglycemia. 
hypo-lodeux, a. hypo-iodous. 
hypophosphate, m. hypophosphate. 
hypophosphlte, m. hypophosphite. 

— de cfiaïAx, calcium hypophosphite. 

— de fer, iron (specif, ferric) hypophoa- 

— de potasse, potassium hypophosphite. 

— de soude, sodium hypophosphite. 

— manganeux, manganous (or manganese) 

hypophosphoreux, a. hypophosphorous. 

hypophosphorlque, a. hypophosphorio. 

hypophyse, /. hypophysis. 

hyposulfate, m. hyposulfate (dithionate). 

hyposulflte, m. hyposulfite, hyposulphite (still 
often used to designate salts of HiSiOi and 
then better translated ihioaulfate). 

— de potasse, hyposulfite of potash (potas- 
sium thiosulfate). 

— de soude, hyposulfite of soda, "hypo" 
(sodium thiosulfate). 

hyposulflireux, a. hypoeulfurous, hyposul- 
phurous (still often used to designate the 
acid HjSjOs and then better translated tkio- 

hyposulftirlque, a. hyposulfuric (old synonjrm 
of dithionùi). 

hypoténuse, /. (Geom.) hypotenuse. 

hypothèque, /. mortgage. 

hypothéquer, v.t. mortgage, hyi)othecate. 

hypothèse, /. hypothesis. 

hypothétique, a. hypothetic, hypothetical. 

hypothétlquement, adv. hypothetically. 

hypothlonlque, a. dithionic. Ohs. 

hypotonlque, a. hypotonic. 

hypoxanthlne, /. hypoxanthine. 

hypoxyde, m. suboxide. 

hysope, hyssope, /. (Bot.) hyssop. 

hystérésle, hystérésis, /. hysteretiB. 

hystérie, /. (Med.) hysteria. 

Digitized by 


latroehlmle, /. iatroohemistry. ^ 

tetroetalnilqne, a. iatrochemical. 

latrochlmlBte, m. iatrochemist. 

Ibérien, a. Iberian. 

Ichor, m. (Med.) ichor. 

IchtyocoUe, Ichthyocolle, /. ichthyooolla, 

Ichtyol, m. (Pharm.) ichthyol. 

Id» adv. here; now. 

par — , this way, by here, thru here. 

Idea, /. conima, Brazilian elemi. 

Id-même, adv. in this very place, in this work. 

loonogène, m. iP?iotog.) eikonogen. 

Ictère, m. (Med.) icterus, jaundice. 

Idéal, a. & m. ideal. 

Idéaliser, v.t. idealize. 

Idéaliste, m. idealist. — a. idealistic. 

Idée, /. idea; bit, small amount; sketch, out- 

Identification, /. identification. 

Identifier, v.t. identify. 

Identique, a. identical, same. 

Identiquement, adv. identically. 

Identité, /. identity. 

Idlotlque, a. idiomatic. 

Idiotisme, m. idiom. 

Idlte, /. iditol, idite. 

Idocrase, /. (Af«n.) idocrase (vesuvianitc). 

Idolâtre, a. idolatrous. — m. idolater. 

Idole, /. idol. 

ldrlaUte,ldrlallne,/. (Mtn.) idrialite, idrialine. 

Idryle, m. idryl (fluoranthene). 

léna, n. Jena; Jena glass. 

If, m. (Bot.) yew, yew tree; draining rack (for 

Igname, /. yam. 

Igné, a. igneous. 

Ignescence, /. ignescenoe. 

Ignescent, a. ignescent. 

Ignlcolore, a. fire-colored, flame-colored. 

Ignlfère, a. producing fire, igniferous. 

IgnlftiKatlon, /. fireproofing; fireproof (that 
is, more or less diffioultlyinflammable)state. 

Ignifuge, a. rendering noninflammable or diffi- 
cultly inflammable, fireproofing; fire- 
extinguishing (as a grenade). — m. fire- 
proofing agent; fire-extinguishing agent. 

Ignlfligeage, m. = ignifugation. 

Ignlftiger, v.t. render difficultly inflammable, 

Ignlgène, a. produced by or with the aid of 
fire (see eel ignigène, under ««{)• 

Ignition, /. ignition. 

Ignorance, /. ignorance. 

ignorant, a. ignorant. 

Ignorer, v.t. not know, be ignorant of. 

11, pron. he; it; there. 

— n'y a paa, there is not, there are not 

— n'y a paa de, there is no. 

— 1/ a, there is, there are. 
lie, /. island, isle. 
llldne, /. ilicin. 

lllpé, n. {Bot.) illipe. 
Illégal, a. illegal, unlawful. 
Illégitime, a. illegitimate. 
Illimitable, a. UUmitable. 
Illimité, a. unlimited. 
lUlslble, a. illegible. 
Illogique, a. illogical. 
Illogiquement, adv. illogically. 
Illuminant, p.a. illuminating. 
Illumination, /. illumination. 
Illuminer, v.t. illuminate. 
Illusion, /. illusion. 

— d* optique, optical illusion. 
Illusionner, v.t. deceive, delude. 
Illusoire, a. illusory, illusive, deceptive. 
Illustration, /. illustration; illustriousnees; 

lUustre, a. illustrious. — m. illustrious man. 
Illustré, p.a. illustrated. 
Illustrer, v.t. illustrate. 
Ilot, m. little island, islet. 
lis, pron. they. 
Uvalte, /. (Aftn.) ilvaite. 
Image, /. image. 

— réelle, real image. 

— réfléchie, reflected image. 

— renversée, inverted image. 

— virtuelle, virtual image. 

Imagerie, /. chromo printing, color printing; 

picture trade. 
Imaginable, a. imaginable. 
Imaginaire, a. & f. imaginary. 
Imagination, /. imagination. 
Imaginer, v.t. imagine; conceive; devise. 
Imbiber, v.e. soak; imbibe; imbue. — v.r. be 

soaked; be imbued; soak, soak in. 
Imbibition, /. soaking; imbibition; imbue- 

ment; {SHver) addition of argentiferous 

material to molten lead, which absorbs the 

Imbolre, v.t. moisten, wet; = emboire; imbue; 

imbibe. — v.r. be imbued. 


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Imbrlfnge, a. rain-proof, waterproof. 

Imbrûlable, a. unburnable, incombustible. 

Imbu» p.p. of imboire. 

Imbavable, a. undrinkable, not fit to drink. 

ImbUYant, of imboire. 

Imldazol» m. imidazole. 

Imidaiollne» /. imidazoline. 

Imidaiolone» /. imidazolone. 

Imlde» /. A m. imide. 

Imldé» a. imido; (when the substance is of the 
nature of an imine and not an imide) imino. 

Imido-étber, m. imido ester, (less correctly) 
imido ether. 

Imidogène» m. imidogen. 

Iminé» a. imino. 

Imitateur, m. imitator. — a. imitative, imi- 

Imitatlf, a. imitative. 

Imitation, /. imitation. 

Imiter, v. t. imitate. 

Immangeable, a. uneatable, not fit to eat. 

Immaniable, a. unmanageable. 

Immatériel, a. immaterial. 

Immaturité, /. immaturity. 

Immédiat, a. immediate; (of analysis) proxi- 

Immédiatement, adv. immediately. 

Immense, a. immense. 

Immensément, adv. immensely. 

Immensité, /. immensity, immenseness. 

Immerger, v.t. immerse. 

Immerslf, a. immersion. 

Immersion, /. immersion. 

Immesurable, a. immeasurable. 

Immesuré, a. unmeasured. 

Immeuble, a. immovable, real (estate). — m. 
real estate; landed estate: house. 

Immiscibillté, /. immiscibility. 

Immiseible, a. immiscible. 

Immobile, a. immovable, immobile; motion- 
Immobilisation, /. rendering immovable, etc. 
(see immobiliser). 

Immobiliser, v.t, render immovable, fasten, 
fix; stop (as a machine); throw out of 
action, disconnect; immobilize. 

immobilité, /. immobility, fixedness. 

Immodéré, a. immoderate, excessive. 

immortel, a. immortal. 

Immortelle, /. everlasting, immortelle, specif. 
(Pharm.) cudweed, life everlasting. 

Immuable, a. immutable. 

Immunisant, p.a. immunizing. 

immunisation, /. immunization. 

immuniser, v.t. immunize. 

Immunité, /. immunity. 

impact, m. impact. 

Imiwlr, a. odd, uneven. 

ImiwllNible, a. impalpable. 

Imfiarfoit, a. imp^ect. 

Imparfaitement, adv. imperfectly. 

Impastatlon, /. impastation. 

Impatientant, p.a. tiring, provoking. 

Impayable, a. invaluable; ridiculous, queer. 

Impayé, a. unpaid. 

Impénétrabilité, /. impenetrability. 

Impénétrable, a. impenetrable. 

Impératif, a. imperative. 

Impérativement, adv. imperatively. 

Impératoire, /. imperatoria, (specif.) masteiri 

imperceptibilité, /. imperceptibility. 

imperceptible, a. imperceptible. 

imperceptiblement, adv. imperceptibly. 

imperfection, /. imperfection. 

impérlssabillté, /. imperishability. 

impérissable, a. imperishable. 

impermanence, /. impermanence, imperma- 

impermanent, a. not permanent, imperma- 

Imperméabilisateur, a. rendering imperme- 
able; specif., waterproofing, waterproof. 

imperméabilisation, /. rendering imperme- 
able; specif., waterproofing. 

ImperméablUser, v.t. render impermeable; 
specif., waterproof. 

Imperméabilité, /. impermeability, imperme- 
ableness; specif., waterproof quality. 

Imperméable, a. impermeable; specif., water- 
proof. — m. waterproof fabric. 

— à Totr, air-tight. 

— à VeaUf waterproof, watertight. 
imperméablement, adv. impermeably. 
impersonnel, a. impersonal. 
impitoyable, a. unpitying, pitiless, merciless. 
impitoyablement, adv. pitilessly, mercilessly. 
implicite, a. implicit. 

Impliquer, v. t. imply; implicate. 

Impondérabillté, /. imponderability. 

impondérable, a. imponderable. 

importable, a. importable. 

Importance, /. importance. 

important, a. important. — m. important 

point, main point; important person. 
Importateur, m. importer. — a. importing. 
importation, /. importation. 
importer, v.i. be important, matter. — v.t. 

import. — v.r. be imported. 
n'importe, no matter. 
imposant, p.a. imposing, 
imposer, o.f. impose; levy (a tax); tax; awe. 

— v.i. impose. 

— au poids, tax by weight. 

— au volume, tax by volume. 
impossibilité, /. impossibility. 
impossible, a. impossible. 
impôt, m. tax, impost, duty. 
Impracticabllité, /. impracticability. 
impracticable, a. impracticable. 

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Imj^égiiatton, /. impregnation. 

Imprégner, v.t. impregnate. 

impresslf, a. impressive. 

Impression, /. impression (in various senses); 
printing (specif., textile printing); effect; 
(Painting) priming, ground. 

Impression des tiaaust — sur étoffes, textile 

Impressionnant, p.a. impressive, impressing. 

Impressionner, v.t. impress, make an impres- 
sion on; {Plwtog.) produce an image on. 

Imprévoyance, /. improvidence, lack of fore- 

Imprévu, p.a. unforeseen, unexpected. — m. 
something unforeseen, unexpected circum- 

Imprimé, p.a. printed, etc. (see imprimer). 
— m. print, printed paper or book, {pi.) 
printed matter. 

Imprimer, v.t. print; imprint, impress; give, 
commimicate; {Painting) prime. 

Imprimerie, /. printing; printing house, print- 
ing establishment, press. 

Imprimeur, m. printer; pressman. 

Imprimeuse, /. printing machine. 

Imprimure, /. priming, ground coat, groimd. 

Improbabilité, /. improbability. 

Imiwobable, a. improbable. 

Imiwobablement, adv. improbably. 

Improductif, a. unproductive. 

Improductlvement, adv. unproductively. 

Improductlrité, /. unproductiveness, -tivity. 

Imivononçable, a. impronounceable. 

Impropre, a. improper, unfit, unsuited, inaccu- 
rate, incorrect. 
— au service, unserviceable. 

Improprement, a. improperly, etc. (see im- 

Improviser, v.t. improvise. 

Improviste. In the phrase à Vimproviste, sud- 
denly, unexpectedly, unawares. 

Impuissance, /. impotence. 

Impuissant, a. impotent. 

Impulser, v.t. impel. 

Impulsif, a. impulsive, impelling. 

Impulsion, /. impulse; impulsion. 

Impulvérisé, a. unpulverized, unpowdcred. 

Impur, a. impiire. 

Impurement, adv. impurely. 

Impureté, /. impurity. 

Impurlflé, a. unpurified. 

Imputer, v.t. impute; reckon in (on an ac- 

Imputresclblllsw, v.t. render imputrescible. 

Impntresclblllté, /. imputrescibility. 

Imputrescible, a. imputrescible. 

Inacceptable, a. unacceptable. 

Inaccommodable, a. irreconcilable. 

Inaccompagné, a. imaccompanied. 

Inaccompli, a. unaccomplished, incomplete. 

Inaccordable, a. irreconcilable. 

Inaccoutumé, a. unaccustomed. 

Inacllf, a. inactive. 

Inaction, /. inaction. 

InacUvement, adv. inactively. 

Inactivité, /. inactivity. 

Inadéquat, a. inadequate. 

Inadhérent» a. unadhesive, not adherent. 

InalUablllté, /. incapability of being alloyed; 

Inalllable, o. not capable of being alloyed, non- 
alloying; incompatible. 

InaUlé, a. unalloyed. 

Inaltérabilité, /. inalterabiUty. 

Inaltérable, a. inalterable, unalterable. 

Inaltéré, a. imaltered. 

Inanalysable, a. unanalysable. 

Inanalysé, a. unanalyzed. 

Inanimé, a. inanimate; unanimated. 

Inaperçu, a. unperceived, unobserved. 

Inappétence, /. inappétence, want of appetite. 

Inappllcablllté, /. inapplicability. 

Inapplicable, a. inapplicable. 

Inappréciable, a. inappreciable, unappreciable. 

Inappréclablement, adv. inappreciably. 

Inapprêté, a. imfinished, undressed. 

Inapte, a. inapt, unsuited, unfit, incapable. 

Inaptitude, /. inaptitude, imfitness. 

Inattaquable, a. unattackable. 

Inattaqué, a. unattacked. 

Inattendu, a. unexpected, unlooked for. 

Inaugurer, v.t. inaugurate. 

Inautorisé, a. unauthorized. 

Incalclnable, a. incapable of being calcined. 

Incalclné, a. uncalcined. 

Incalculable, a. incalculable. 

Incandescence, /. incandescence. 

Incandescent, a. incandescent. 

Incapable, a. incapable. 

Incapacité, /. incapacity. 

Incarnadln, a. incarnadine, pale red, fleeh- 
colored. — m. pink, flesh color. 

Incarnat, a. flesh-red, rosy, bright pink. 

Incassable, a. unbreakable. 

Incendiaire, a., m. & f. incendiary. 

Incendie, m. fire, burning, conflagration. 

Incendier, v.t. set fire to; burn; provoke. 

Incération, /. mixing or covering with wax, 

Incérer, v.t. mix or cover with wax, incerate; 
render waxy. 

Incertain, a. uncertain. 
Incertalnement, adv. uncertainly. 
Incertitude, /. uncertainty. 
Incessamment, adv. immediately, at onoe; in- 
cessantly, unceasingly, continually. 
Incessant, a. incessant, imceasing. 
Incidemment, adv. incidentally. 
Incidence, /. incidence. 
Incident, a. <ft m, incident. 

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Ineldentél, a. incidental. 

Incinérateur, m. incinerator. 

Incinération, /. incineration. 

Incinérer, v.t. incinerate, bum to 

Inciser, v.t. incise. 

Incision, /. inoiaion. 

InclTlIlsé, a. uncivilised. 

Inclinaison, /. inclination. 

Inclination, /. inclination; affection. 

Incliné, p.a. inclined. 

Incliner, v.t. A i. incline. — «.r. incline; bend; 

Inclus, p.a. inclosed, enclosed. 

Inclusif, a. inclusive. 

Inclusion, /. inclusion; indosure. 

Inclusivement, adv. inclusively, inclusive. 

Incoagulable, a. uncoa^ulable, incoagulable. 

Incoerciblllté, /. inooercibility. 

Incoercible, a. incoercible. 

Incohérence, /. incoherence, ineoherency. 

Incoh^^nt, a. incoherent. 

IncoMslon, /. incoherence, (rarely) incohesion. 

Incoloratlon, /. colorlesaness. 

Incolore, a. colorless, unoolored. 

Incomber, v.%. be incumbent (on). 

Incomburant, v.a. not supporting combustion. 

Incombustlblllté, /. incombustibility. 

Incombustible, a. incombustible. 

Incommensurabilité, /. incommensurability. 

incommensurable, a. incommensurable. 

Incommensurablement, adv. incommensur- 

Incommodant, a. disagreeable, annoying. 

incommode, a. inconvenient; disagreeable. 

Incommoder, v.t. inconvenience, trouble, dis- 
turb: hinder; indispose; impair. 

Incommodité, /. inconvenience; indisposition. 

Incomparablement, adv. incomparably. 

Incomiwtlblllté, /. incompatibility. 

Incomiwtlble, a. incompatible. 

Incompatlblement, adv. incompatibly. 

Incomplet, a. incomplete. 

Incomplètement, adv. incompletely. 

Incompressibilité, /. incompressibility. 

Incompressible, a. incompressible. 

Incomprlmé, a. unoompresssed. 

Inconcevable, a. inconceivable. 

Inconclllablllté, /. irreconcilability. 

Inconciliable, a. irreconcilable. 

InconcUlablement, adv. irreconcilably. 

Inconducteur, a. nonconducting. 

Inconflance, /. distrust. 

Inconformlté, /. unconformity. 

Incongelable, a. uncongealable, nonfreezing. 

Incongelé, a. uncongealed, unfrosen. 

Incongru, a. incongruous. 

Incongruité, /. incongruity. 

Inconnu, a. & m. unknown. 

Inconnue, /. unknown quantity, unknown. 

Inconsciemment, adv. unconsciously. 

Inconscience, /. unconsciousness. 
Inconscient, a. imconscious. 
Inconséquence, /. inconsistency. 
Inconséquent, a. inconsistent; inoonsiderate. 
Inconstant, a. inconstant. 
Incontaminé» a. uncontaminated. 
Incontestablement, adv. incontestably. 
Incontlnu, a. not continuous. 
Inconvénient, m. inconvenience; disad- 
Inconvertl, a. unconverted. 
Inconvertible, Inconvertlssable, a. incon- 
vertible, unconvertible. 
Incorporer, v.t. incorporate. 
Incorrect, a. incorrect. 
Incorrectement, adv. incorrectly. 
Incorrection, /. incorrectness; inaoeuraoy. 
Incorrigé, a. uncorrected. 
Incrément, m. increment. 
IncrlstalUsable, a. uncrystallisable. 
Incroyable, a. incredible. 
Incroyablement, adv. incredibly. 
Incrustation, /. incrustation. 
Incruster, v. t. incrust; inlay. 
Incult, a. unbumed, unboiled, etc. (see cuire). 
— m. (also jA.) unbumed or underbumed 
Inculte, a. uncultivated; uncultured. 
Incurver, v.t. incurve, curve inward. 
Indamlne, /. indamine. 
Indanlllne, /. indaniline. 
Inde, m. indigo, indigo blue; logwood. — /. 
(cap.) India. 

Inde anglaiwt Indes anolaiêea, Indes hriUan- 
iques, British India (usually understood as 
including Burma). 

Inde française^ Indes françaises, IVench India. 

— pleUe, indigo in flat cakes, Dutch indigo. 

Indes néerlandaises, Dutch East Indies. 

Indes occidentales, West Indies. 

Indes orientales. East Indies. 
Indébroulllable, a. inextricable. 
Indécis, a. undecided; uncertain. 
Indécomposable, a. indecomposable, unde- 

Indécomposé, a. undecomposed. 
Indécrit, a. undescribed. 
Indédoublable, a. indivisible, undecompoeable, 

unresolvable, etc. (see dédoubler). 
Indéfini, a. indefinite; undefined; unlimited. 
Indéfiniment, adv. indefinitely. 
Indéfinissable, a. indefinable, undefinable. 
Indefinite, /. indefiniteness. 
IndéfMchable, a. uncultivable. 
Indélébile, a. indelible. 
Indélébllement, adv. indelibly. 
Indemniser, v.t. indemnify. 
Indemnité, /. allowance; indemnity. 
Indémontrable, a. indemonstrable, undemons- 

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Indène» m. indene. 

Indenter, v.t. indent. 

indépendamment, adv. independently. 

Indépendance, /. independence. 

indépendant, a. independent. 

indéréi^bie, a. not liable to get out of order, 

Indes. See inde. 

indescriptible, a. indescribable, undescribable. 

Indescriptlblement, adv. indescribably. 

indétermination, /. indeterminiteness; indé- 

Indéterminé, a. indeterminate. 

index, m. index; index finger, forefinger. — a. 

— flotteur t floating index, index float. 
indican, m. indican. 
indlcanurie, /. {Med.) indicanuria. 
indicateur, m. indicator; gage; index finger, 

forefinger; guide. — a. indicatory, indi- 

— coloré^ colored indicator. 

— delà viteaee, speed indicator. 

— de marche^ (&2êc.) meter. 

— de niveau d'eau^ water gage. 

— de preanon, pressure gage, pressure indica- 

— de vide, vacuum gage. 
indlcateur-roblnet, m. gage-cock. 
indicatif, a. indicative, indicatory. 
indication, /. indication. 

indicatrice, /. (Math., etc.) indicatrix. —a. 

fern, of indicateur. 
Indice, m. sign, mark, indication; index; 

(Anaiysis) (1) value, number, (2) trace. 

— d'acétyle, acetyl value, acetyl number. 

— de Hehner, Hehner value, Hehner number. 

— de réfraction , index of refraction, refractive 

— de 8aponifi,eation, saponification value (or 

— d*iode, iodine value, iodine number. 

— opsonique, opsonic, index. 
indicible, a. unspeakable, inexpreanble. 
indien, a. Indian. — m. (cap.) Indian. 
indienne, /. printed (or painted) cotton cloth, 

cotton print, printed calico; (cap.) Indian. 

Indlennerie, /. cotton printery, cotton print 
works, calico printery. 

Indlenneur, m. cotton printer, calico printer. 

Indlllérement, adv. indifferently. 

indifférent, a. indifferent. 

Indigène, a. indigenous, native; (Com.) domes- 
tic, home. — m. <fc /. native. 

Indigent, a. indigent, poor. 

Indigeste, a. indigestible; undigested. 

Indigne, a. unworthy. 

Indigo, m. indigo. 

— blane, indigo white. 

— Ueu, indigo blue. 

indigo aauvaoe, wild indigo (Baptisia, esp. B» 

Indigocarmlne» /. indigo carmine. 

Indigomètre, m. indigometer. 

indigo-purporfne, /. indigopurpurin. 

indigoterie, /. indigo plantation; indigo fac- 

Indigotier, m. indigo plant (specif. Indigofera 
Hnctoria); indigo manufacturer. 

Indigotine, /. indigotin. 

indigotlque, a. indigotic. 

indiquer, v. t. indicate; sketch. — v.r. be in- 

Indirect, a. indirect. 

indirectement, adv. indirectly. 

indlrubine, /. indirubin. 

Indiscret, a. indiscreet. 

indiscutable, a. indisputable, unquestionable. 

Indispensable, a. indispensable. 

indisputabiement, adv. indisputably. 

indissolubilité, /. indissolubility. 

Indissoluble, a. undissolvable, indissoluble. 

Indlssous, a. undissolved. 

indistinct, a. indistinct. 

indistinctement, adv. indistinctly. 

Indistinguible, a. indistinguishable. 

indium, m. indium. 

indlridu, m. individual. 

Indiridualité, /. individuality. 

Indlriduel, a. individual. 

IndiridueOement, adv. individually. 

indirisé, o. undivided. 

Indlrislblilté, /. indivisibility. 

Indirislbie, a. indivisible. 

indirislblement, adv. indivisibly. 

in-dix-buit, a. & m. octodecimo, ISmo. 

Indo-Cbine, /. Indo-China. 

Indochinois, a. Indo-Chinese. 

indogène, m. indogen. 

indol, m. indole. 

Indolcarlionique, a. indolecarboxylic. 

indolore, a. painless. 

indomptable, a. indomitable; untamable. 

Indophénine, /. indophenin. 

Indophénoi, m. indophenol. 

indosable, a. indeterminable. 

Indosé, a. undetermined, etc. (see dosei^. — m. 
undetermined matter or quantity. 

In-douie, a. ék m. duodecimo, 12mo. 

Indoxyle, m. indoxyl. 

Indoxylique, a. indoxyl; (of the acid) indoxyhc. 

indu, a. undue; not due. 

indubitablement, adv. indubitably. 

Inducteur, a. (Elec.) inducing. — m. inductor. 

inducUf, a. inductive. 

inducUle, a. not ductile, inductile. 

inductilité, /. hick of ductiUty, inductility. 

induction, /. induction; inducement. 
— propre, (JËlec.) self-induction. 

induire, v.t. induce; infer; lead. 

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IndalMntf v-Vf^- of induire. 

Induit» p.a. induced; inferred; led. — m. 
induced circuit, secondary circuit; arma- 
ture (of a dynamo). 

Indullne» /. induline. 

Indûment, ado. unduly. 

Indnrer, v.i. indurate. 

Indoiite, /. (Exp2.) indurite. 

Industrie, /. industry; occupation, calling; 
skill, dexterity. 

— oifricole, farming industry, agriculture. 

— commerciale, commerce, trade. 

— d*artt manufacturing, manufacture. 

— dee traneports, transportation. 

— du limre, book industry. 

— extractive, extractive industry. 

^ frigorifique, refrigeration industry. 

— manufacturière, manufacturing, manufac- 
turing industary. 

— privée, private industry. 

— sucrière, sugar industry. 

— tinctoriale, dyeing industry. 

-^ vinieole, wine-growing industry. 
Industriel, a. industrial. — m. one engaged in 

industry, industrial (specif., manufacturer). 
Industriellement, adv. industrially. 
Industrieusement, adv. skillfully. 
Industrieux, a. skillful, dexterous. 
Inébriant, InébriatIf, a. intoxicating. 
Inédit, a. unpublished. 
Ineffeetlf, a. ineffective. 
Inefflcmee, a. inefficacious, inefifectual. 
In^pU, a. inequal; uneven. 
Inégalement, ado, imequally; unevenly. 
InégaUser, v.t. render imequal or uneven. 
Inégalité, /. inequality. 
Inégaux, maee. pi. of inégal. 
Inélastique, a. inelastic, unelastic. 
Inéluctable, a. irresistible, ineluctable. 
Inenerassable, a. nonfouling. 
Ineptie, /. inaptnees, inaptitude, ineptitude. 
Inéinilsable, a. inexhaustible. 
InéiNilsé, a. unexhausted. 
Ineimre, a. unpurified, unrefined. 
Inéquitable, a. inequiUble. 
Inerte, a. inert. 
Inertie, /. initia. 

Inespéré, a. unhoped for, unexpected. 
Inestimable, a. inestimable. 
Inétlrable, a. incapable of being drawn out, 

(of metals) not ductile. 
InéritabUlté, /. inevitability. 
Inéritable, a. inevitable. 
Inéritabiement, adv. inevitably. 
Ineiaet, a. inexact, inaccurate; not punctual. 
Inexaetement, adv. inexactly, inaccurately. 
Inexactitude, /. inexactness, inaccuracy. 
Inexensablement, adv. inexcusably. 
Inexistant, a. nonexistent. 
Inexistence» /. nonexistence. 

Inexorablement, adv. inexorably. 

Inexpédient, a. inexpedient. 

Inexpérience» /. ine3q;>erience. 

Inexpérimenté» a. inexperienced; untried. 

Inexplicable» a. inexplicable. 

Inexplicablement» adv. inexplicably. 

Inexpliqué» a. unexplained. 

Inexploitable» a. imexploitable, incapable at 
being developed. 

Inexploité» a. unexploited, undeveloped. 

Inexploré» a. unexplored. 

Inexploslble» Inexplosif» a. nonexplosive, in- 
explosive, unexplosive. 

Inexprimable» a. inexpressible. 

Inexprimablement» adv. inexpressibly. 

Inexprimé» a. unexpressed. 

Inextensible» a. inextensible, not extensible. 

Inextinguible» a. inextinguishable. 

Inextricable, a. inextiicable. 

Inextricablement, adv. inextricably. 

InfallUblllté, /. infaUibiUty. 

InfalUIble» a. infallible. 

Infailliblement, adv. infallibly. 

Infaisable, a. unfeasible, impracticable. 

Infâme» a. infamous; filthy. 

Infiinterie, /. (Mil.) infantry. 

Infiitlgable» a. indefatigable. 

infatigablement, adv. indefatigably. 

InfkYorable, a. unfavorable, unfavourable. 

Infécond, a. infertile, infecund. 

Infécondité, /. infertility, infecundity. 

Infect, a. foul, unwholesome, infectious. 

Infecter, v.t. infect. 

Infectieux» a. infectious. 

infection, /. infection. 

inference, /. inference. 

inférer, v.t. infer. — v.r. be inferred. 

inférieur, o. inferior; lower. — m. inferior. 

inlérieurement, adv. below; inferiorly. 

infériorité, /. inferiority. 

infermenté, a. unfermented. 

Infermentesclble, a. unfermentable, nonfer- 

Infernal» a. infernal. 
infertile» a. infertile, unfertile. 
Infidèle» a. treacherous, unreliable; unfaithful; 

Infiltration, /. infiltration. 
infiltrer, v.t. à: r. infiltrate. 
Infime, a. lowest, very low. 
infini, a. dk m. infinite. 

à V — , infinitely, ad infinitum. 
infiniment, adv. infinitely. 
— j>etU, infinitely small; minute particle; 
(Maul.) infinitesimal. 
infinité, /. infinity. 
infinitésimal, a. infinitesimal. 
Infinltéslmalement, adv. infinitesimally. 
Infinltéslme» a. A f. infinitesimal. 
Infirmatlon» /. nullification; weakening. 





ar* v.t. declare void, nullify; weaken. 
Rbilité, /. inflammability. 
Inflammable* a. inflammable. 
Inflammatear, m. igniter, flring device; ignit- 
ing charge. 
Inflammation, /. inflammation; ignition; 
(£lxp2.) firing, fire. 

— «pontonée, spontaneous ignition. 
Infléclilr, V.L inflect, bend. 
tnfleilblllté, /. inflexibility, inflezibleness. 
Infleilble, a. inflexible, rigid, unyielding. 
Inflezloii, /. inflection. 

Influence, /. influence. 

Inflneneer, v.t. influence. 

Influent» a. influential. 

Inflner, v.i. have influence. 

In-follo, m. à: a. folio. 

Information, /., Informations, /.pi. inquiry, 
investigation; information, intelligence. 

Informe, a. unformed, shapeless; informal. 

Informé, p.a. informed. — tn. inquiry. 

Informer, v.t. inform. — v.r. inquire, ask. 

Informulé, a. unformulated. 

Infortune, /. misfortune. 

Infortuné, a. unfortunate. 

Infra-rouge, a. infra-red. 

Infrastructure, /. substructure, groundwork. 

InfMquemment, adv. infrequently, seldom. 

InfMquence, /. infrequence, infrequency. 

Infréquent, a. infrequent, uncommon. 

Infrlable, a. not friable. 

Infructueusement, adv. unprofitably. 

Infructueux, a. unfruitful, unprofitable, un- 

Inftis, a. intuitive, native. 

Infusé, p.a. infused. — m. (Pharm.) infusion. 

Infuser, v.t. infuse. — v.r. be infused. 

Infuslblllté, /. infusibiUty. 

Infusible, a. infusible. 

Infusion, /. infusion. 

Infusolre, a. infusorial. 

Infusolres, Infusoria. 

Infusum, m. infusion. 

Ingarantl, a. unguaranteed, imwarranted. 

IngéUf, a. not freezing readily; (of stones, 
etc.) not rent by frost. 

Ingénieur, m. engineer. 

— chimiste, chemical engineer. 

— civil, civil engineer. 

— Hectricten, electrical engineer. 

— dea mines, mining engineer. 

— des poudres et salpêtres, explosives engineer. 

— gatier, gas engineer. 

— mécanicien, mechanical engineer. 

— opticien, maker of optical instruments. 

— sanitaire, sanitary engineer. 
ingénieusement, adv. ingeniously. 
Ingénieux, a. ingenious. 
Ingéniosité, /. ingeniousness, ingenuity. 
Ingénu, a. ingenuous. 

ingénuité, /. ingenuousness. 

Ingérer, v.t. ingest. — v.r. interfere. 

ingestion, /. ingestion. 

ingrain, m. (JBot.) spelt. 

ingrat, a. ungrateful, unpleasing, unpromisinc. 

ingrédient, m. ingredient. 

inguérissable, a. incurable. 

inhabile, a. unskillful, inapt; incapable. 

inhabilement, adv. unskillfully, inexpertly. 

inhabileté, /. unskillfulness, inexpertness. 

Inhabitable, a. uninhabitable. 

inhabitué, a. unaccustomed, unhabituated. 

inhalateur, m. inhaler. — a. inhaling. 

inhalation, /. inhalation. 

inhaler, v.t. inhale. 

inhérent, a. inherent. 

inhibiteur, o. inhibiting, inbibit(»y, inhibitive. 

inhibition, /. inhibition. 

inhumectatlon, /. lack of moisture, dryness. 

inhumecté, a. unmoistened. 

Inimaginable, a. unimaginable. 

Inimitié, /. enmity, hostility. 

ininfl^mtyBaMe, a. uninflammable, noninflam* 

Ininflammation, /. absence of inflammation. 

inintelligible, a. unintelligible. 

Inlntentlonnel, a. unintentional. 

Inlntentlonellement, adv. imintentionally. 

Ininterrompu, a. uninterrupted, continuous. 

Inlnterruptlon, /. noninterruption, continuity. 

Initial, a. initial. 

Initialement, adv. initially. 

InlUer, v.t. initiate. 

Injectable, a. injectable; intended for injec- 

Injecter, v.t, inject; impregnate (by injection). 
— v.r. be injected; be flushed, be congested. 

liUccteur, m. injector. — a. injecting. 
— aspirantt suction injector. 

Injection, /. injection. 

Injudldeusement, adv. injudiciously. 

Injudldeux, a. injudicious. 

injure, /. injury; abuse. 

Injurleusement, ado. injuriously. 

Injurieux, a. injurious. 

injuste, a. unjust. 

injustement, adv. unjustly. 

injustice, /. injustice. 

Injustlflable, a. unjustifiable. 

Innocuité, /. innocuousness, harmlessness. 

Innombrable, a. innumerable, numberless. 

Innombrablement, ado. without number. 

Innovation, /. innovation. 

InnoYer, v.t. innovate, introduce. — v.i. in- 

Innumerable, a. innumerable. 

Innumérablement, adv. without number. 

Inobscurcl, a. unobscured. 

Inobserrable, a. not observable, unobservable. 

Inobservé, a. imobserved. 

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Inobstmable, a. incapable of being obstructed. 

Inobstrué, a unobstructed. 

Inoccupé, a. unoccupied. 

In-octsTO, m. db a. octavo, 8vo. 

inocalablllté, / inoculability. 

Inoculable, a. inoculable. 

Inocniatlon, /. inoculation. 

Inoculer, v.L inoculate. 

Inodore, Inodorant, a. odorless, inodorous. 

Inodnlalre, a. {Med.) inodular. 

Inoffensif, a. inoffensive; (Mach.) out of action. 

InoflénslYement, adv. inoffensively. 

Inoffidel, a. unofficial, nonofficial. 

Inofflclellement, adv. unofficially. 

inondation, /. inundation, flood, deluge. 

Inonder, v.t. inundate, overflow, flood. 

Inopiné, a. unexpected, unforeseen. 

Inopinément, adv. unexpectedly. 

Inopportun, a. inopportune. 

Inopportunément, adv. inopportunely. 

Ino^^nlque, a. inorganic. 

Inoslque, a. inosic, inosinio. 

Inoslte, /. inositol, inoeite. 

Inoslturle, Inosurle, /. (Med.) inoeituria, ino- 

Inoubliable, a. unforgettable. 

Inoul, a. unheard, unheard of. 

InoxydabiUté, /. unoxidizability, inoxidability, 

Inoxydable, a. unoxidicable, inoxidable. 

Inquart, Inquartatlon, /. (Assaying) quarta* 
tion, inquartation. 

Inquarter, v.t. subject to quartation. 

In-Quarto, m. & a. quarto. 

Inquiet, a. unquiet, uneasy, anxious. 

Insaisissable, a. imperceptible; not seisable. 

Insalslssablement, adv. imperceptibly. 

Insalubre, a. unhealthy, unhealthful. 

Insalubrité, /. unhealthfulness. 

Insaplde, a. tasteless, insipid. 

Insapldlté, /. tastelessness, insipidness. 

Insaponlflable, a. unsaponifiable. 

Insatisfait, a. unsatisfied. 

Insaturable, a. insatiurable, not saturable, un- 

Insaturé, a. unsaturated. 

Insclemment, adv. unknowingly, uncon- 

inscrlptlble, a. inscribable. 

inscription, /. inscription; registration. 

Inscrire, v. t. inscribe; write down, record, 
register, enter. — v.r. be inscribed; regis- 

inscrit, p.a. inscribed, etc. (see inscrire). 

inscrivant, of inscrire. 

insécable, a. indivisible. 

Insecte, m. insect. 

insecticide, m. insecticide. — a. insectiddal. 

insectivores, m.vl- (Zoôl.) Insectivora. 

iiuécarlté, /. insecurity. 

In-seize, m. & a. sixteenmo, 16mo. 

Insenslblllsateur, a. producing insensibility, 
anesthetizing; (Expl.) desensitising. — m. 
anesthetic; anesthetizing apparatus; 
(Expl.) desensitizer. 

Insensibiliser, v.t. render insensible, anesthe- 
tize; (Expl.) desensitize. 

Insensible, a. insensible; insensitive. 

Insensiblement, adv. insensibly; insensitively. 

Insensltif, a. insensitive. 

Inséparable, a. inseparable. 

Inséparablement, adv. inseparably. 

Insérable, a. insertable. 

Insérer, v.t. insert. — v.r. be inserted. 

Insertion, /. insertion. 

Insidieux, a. insidious. 

Insigne, a. remarkable, signal. 

Insignifiance, /. insignificance. 

Insignifiant, a. insignificant. 

Insipide, a. tasteless, insiind. 

Inslpldement, adv. insipidly. 

Insipidité, /. tastelessness, insipidity. 

Insister, v.i. insist. 

Insolation, /. insohition, exposure to the sun. 

Insoler, v.t. expose to the rasrs of the 

Insollde, a. unsolid, not solid. 

Insolldement, adv. unsolidly. 

Insolldité, /. want of solidity. 

Insolite, a. unusual, imwonted. 

Insolltement, adv. unusually. 

Insolublllsatlon, /. rendering insoluble. 

Insolubillser, v.t. render insoluble. 

Insolubilité, /. insolubility. 

Insoluble, a. insoluble. 

Insolublement, adv. insolubly. 

Insolution, /. nonsolution. 

Insolvabilité, /. (Com.) insolvency. 

Insolvable, a. (Com.) insolvent. 

Insomnie, /. insomnia. 

Insondable, a. unfathomable. 

Insonore, a. not sonorous, nonsonorous. 

Insondable, a. unweldable; unsolderable. 

Insoupçonné, a. imsuspected. 

Insoutenable, a. untenable; insupportable. 

Inspecter, v.t. inspect. 

Inspecteur, m. inspector. 

Inspection,/, inspection; inspectorship. 

Inspirant, p.a. inspiring. 

Inspiration, /. inspiration. 

Inspirer, v.t. inspire. 

Instabilité, /. instabiUty, unstableness. 

Instable, a. unstable. 

Installateur, m. installer. 

Installation, /. installation. 

Installer, v.t. install. 

Instamment, adv. urgently, earnestly. 

Instance, /. instance; insistence. 

Instant, m. & a. instant. 
à V — , instantly, immediately. 

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instantané» a. instantaneous. — m. instan- 
taneous photograph, snapshot. 

Instantanéité» /. instantaneousness. 

Instantanément» adv. instantaneously. 

instar. In the phrase à Vinstar de, after the 
manner of, after, like. 

instaurer, v.t. establish, found. 

instUler, v.t. instill. — v.r. be instilled. 

instinct, m. instinct. 

instinctif, a. instinctive. 

instinctivement, adv. instinctively. 

instituer, v.t. institute. 

institut, m. institute; institution. 

— agronomique, agricultural college or insti- 

— chimique, chemical institute. 
instituteur, m. institutor, founder; teacher, 

institution, /. institution. 
instructeur, m. instructor, teacher. 
instructif, a. instructive. 
instruction, /. instruction; (Jmw) inquiry. 
instruire, v.t. instruct; teach; train; inform; 

(Lato) examine, investigate. 
Inslrult, p.a. instructed, etc. (see instruire); 

learned, well-educated; aware. — pr. S 

nng. of instruire. 
instrument, m. instrument; implement, tool; 

utensil; apparatus. 

— de ménage, household utensil. 
inetruments de chimie, chemical instruments 

(or utensils or apparatus). 
instrumenta d'optique, optical instnmients, 

optical apparatus. 
Instrumental, a. instrumental. 
Insu, m. ignorance. 

à V — de, unknown to. 
insuccè§, m. failure, lack of success. 
insuffisamment, adv. insufficiently. 
Insuffisance, /. insufficiency; incapacity. 
Insuffisant, a. insufficient; incompetent. 
Insufflation, /. blowing in or on, insufflation. 
Insuffler, v.t. breathe or blow in or on; breathe 

or blow into, insufflate; inflate. 
Insupportable, a. insupportable, imbear- 

insurmontable, a. insurmountable. 
intact, a. intact, untouched. 
in taille, m. intagho. 
Intarissable, a. inexhaustible. 
Intégrable, a. (Math.) integrable. 
intégral, a. complete, entire; integral. 
intégrale, /. (Math.) integral. 
Intégralement, adv. completely, entirely, 

wholly; integrally. 
Intégrant, a. integral, integrant. 
intégration, /. integration. 
Intégrer, v.t. integrate. 
Intégrité, /. integrity. 
intellectuel, a. intelleotuaL 

intelligemment, adv. intelligently. 

Intelligence, /. intelligence. 

Intelligent, a. intelligent. 

IntelliglbUité, /. intelligibility. 

intelligible, a. intelligible; intellectual. 

Intempérant, intempéré, a. intemperate. 

Intempérie, /. inclemency, severity (of 

intempestif, a. inopportune, unseasonable. 

Intenable, a. untenable. 

intendance, /. direction, management, super- 
intendence, intendancy. 

Intendant, m. director, manager, superinten- 
dent, intendant; steward. 

Intense» a. intense. 

Intensif, a. intensive. 

Intenstfler, v.t. intensify. 

Intensité, /. intensity, intenseness. 

— du courant, (^lec.) current intensity, cur- 
rent strength. 

IntenslYement, adv. intensively. 

Intenter, v.t. (Imw) bring, enter. 

Intention, /. intention. 

à V — de, for the sake of, on accoimt of. 

intentionnel, a. intentional. 

intentionnellement, adv. intentionally. 

interatomique, a. interatomic. 

intercalation, /. intercalation; insertion. 

Intercaler, v.t. intercalate; insert; interpose. 

intercellulalre, a. intercellular. 

Intercepter, v.t. intercept; cut off, stop. 

Interchangeable, a. interchangeable. 

interdiction, /. prohibition, interdiction. 

interdire, v.t. forbid, prohibit, interdict; sus- 
pend; dumfound. 

intéressant, p.a. interesting. 

intéresser, v.t. interest; injure, affect. — v.r, 
be interested; take an interest. 

intérêt, m. interest. 

Interférence, /. interference. 

interfèrent, a. interfering. 

interférer, v.i. interfere. 

interfoller, v.t. interleave. 

intérieur, a. interior; internal; inner, «inward. 

— m. interior; inside; home; private life, 
family Ufe. 

à V — , (Med.) internally. 

intérieurement, adv. interiorly, inside, on the 
inside, within, internally, inwardly. 

interjeter, v.t. introduce, interject. 

Interligne, m. space between lines; interlinea- 
tion. — /. (Printing) lead. 

Interligner, v.t. interline; (Printing) lead. 

Intermède, m. intermediate; interlude. 

intermédiaire, a. intermediate, intermediary. 

— m. medium, agency; intermediate, inter- 
mediary, intermedium; (Com.) middleman. 

Intermédlalrement, adv. intermediately. 
Intermédiat, a. intermediate. 
intermlcellalre» a. intermicellar. 

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Interminable» a. interminable, endless. 

InterminAblement, adv. interminably. 

Intermittent, a. intermittent. 

International, a. international. 

Internationalement, adv. internationally. 

Interne, a. internal. — m. (Med.) interne. 

Interpolaire, a. interpolar. 

Interpolateor, a. interpolating. — m. inter- 

Interpolation, /. interpolation. 

Interpoler, v.t. interpolate. 

Interposer, v.t. interpose. — v.r. be interposed ; 

Interposition, /. interposition. 

Interprétation, /. interpretation. 

Interpréter, v.t. interpret. 

Interroger, v.t. interrogate, examine, consult. 

Interrompre, v.t. interrupt. 

Interrupteur, m. interrupter; specif. (EUc.) 
circuit breaker. — a. interrupting, inter- 

Intersection, /. intersection. 

Interstellaire, a. interstellar. 

Interstice, m. interstice. 

Interstitiel, a. interstitial. 

Intertubulalre, a. intertubular. 

Intervalle, m. interval. 

Intervenir, v.%. intervene; interpose. 

Interverslblllté, /. invertibility. 

Interverslble, a. invertible. 

Interversion, /. inversion. 

Interverti, p.a. inverted, invert. 

Intervertir, v.t. invert; interchange. 

Intervertlssement, m. inverting, inversion. 

Intervient, pr. 3 sing, of intervenir. 

Intestin, m. & a. intestine. 

Intestinal, a. intestinal. 

Intime, a. intimate. 

Intimement, adv. intimately. 

Intimer, v.t. notify, give notice to. 

Intimité, /. close relation; inmost part; inti- 

Intitulé, m. title. — p.a. entitled. 

Intoxicant, p.a. poisoning, poisonous, poison. 

Intoxication, /. poisoning, (Med.) intoxication. 
— saturnine, lead poisoning. 

Intoxiquer, v.t. poison. 

Intra-atomlque, a. intra-atomic. 

Intracellulaire, a. intracellular. 

Intraduisible, a. untranslatable. 

Intraitable, a. intractable. 

Intramoléculalre, a. intramolecular. 

Intramusculaire, a. intramuscular. 

Intransférable, a. nontransferable. 

Intransmissible, a. nontransmissible. 

Intransmuable, a. nontransmutable, intrans- 

Intransparence, /. nontransparence, opacity 
(or translucency). 

Intransparent, a. nontransparent. 

Intransportable, a. untransportable. 

Intravasculalre, a. intravascular. 

Intraveineux, a. intravenous. 

Intrinsèque, a. intrinsic. 

Intrinsèquement, adv. intrinsically. 

introduction, /. introduction. 

Introductolre, a. introductory. 

Introduire, v.t. introduce. — v.r. be intro- 
duced; enter, get in. 

Introduit, p.p. & pr. s sing, of introduire. 

Introuvable, a. imdiscoverable, not to be found. 

Intrus, m. intruder. — p.a. intruded. 

Intmslf, a. intrusive. 

Intrusion, /. intrusion. 

Intuitif, a. intuitive. 

Intuitivement, adv. intuitively. 

Intumescence, /. intumescence. 

Intumescent, a. intumescent. 

Inulase, /. inulase. 

Inullne, /. inulin. 

Inusable, a. that cannot be worn out, durable. 

Inusé, p.a. unufied, unworn. 

Inusité, a. not in use; unusual; obsolete, anti- 

Inutile, a. useless. 

Inutilement, adv. uselessly. 

Inutilisable, a. imutilizable. 

Inutilisé, a. unutilized; rendered useless. 

Inutlllser, v.t. render useless. 

Inutilité, /. inutility, uselessness. 

Invalide, a. & m. invalid. 

Invalldement, adv. invalidly. 

Invalider, v.t. invalidate. 

Invalidité, /. invalidity. 

Invar, m. invar (nickel-steel alloy). 

Invariabilité, /. invariability, invariableness. 

Invariable, a. invariable. 

Invariablement, adv. invariably. 

Invariant, m. (Math.) invariant. 

Invendable, a. unsalable, imsaleable. 

Invendu, a. unsold. 

Inventaire, m. inventory. 

Inventer, v.t. invent. — v.r. be invented. 

Inventeur, m. inventor. 

InvenUf, a. inventive. 

Invention, /. invention. 

Inventorier, v.t. inventory. 

Invérifiable, a. unverifiable. 

Invérlflé, a. unverified. 

Inverse, o. inverse. — m. contrary, reverse. 

Inversement, adv. inversely. 

Inverseur, m. reverser; inverter. 

Inversion, /. reversal; inversion.* 

Invertase, /. invertase. 

Invertébré, a. d: m. invertebrate. 

Inverti, p.a. reversed; (of sugars, etc.) inverted. 

Invertlne, /. invertin (invertase). 

Invertir, v.t. reverse; invert (sugar, etc.). 

Investigateur, m. investigator. — a, investi- 
gating, inquiring. 

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Inyestlsfttlon, /. investigation. 

liiYlscant, of invisquer. 

invlscatton, /. coating with a viscous material, 
smearing, daubing. 

Invisibilité, /. invisibility. 

Invisible» a. invisible. 

Invlslblement, adv. invisibly. 

Invisquer, v.t. coat with viscous material, 
smear, daub. 

Invitant, p.a. inviting. 

Inviter, v.t. invite. 

Involontaire, a. involuntary. 

Involontairement, adv. involuntarily. 

involution, /. involution. 

invoquer, v.t. invoke, appeal to. 

Invraisemblable, a. improbable, unlikely. 

Invraisemblablement, adv. improbably. 

Invralsemblanoe, /. improbability, unlikeli- 

lodate, m. iodate. 

— de potasse^ potassium iodate. 
lode, m. iodine. 

— aublinU, sublimed iodine. 

Iodé, p.a. iodinated, containing iodine, iodo, 
iodine; coated or impregnated with iodine, 

loder, v.t. combine with iodine, iodinate; im- 
pregnate with iodine, iodize. 

lodeux, a. iodous. 

lodhydrate, m. hydriodide. 

— d^ammoniaque, ammonium iodide. 
lodhydrlque, a. hydriodic 

lodlfère, a. iodiferous, containing iodine. 
lodlqne, a. iodic. 
lodlsme, m. (Med.) iodism. 
lodoamidonné, a. starch-iodide. 
lodo-aurate, /. iodaurate, iodoaurate. 
lodo-aurlqne, a. iodauric, iodoauric. 
lodobenslne, /. iodobenzene. 
lodoforme, m. iodoform. 
lodoformé, a. iodoformized, iodoform. 
lodo-lodure, m. iodine-iodide (see next 

lodo-lodnré, a. iodine-iodide (designating an 

iodide solution in which iodine is dissolved). 
lodol, m. (Pharm.) iodol. 
lodonitré, a. {Org. Chem.) iodonitro. 
lodothyrlne, /. iodothyrin. 
loduratlon, /. iodination; iodization; ioda- 

lodure, m. iodide. 

— d'aJcoyle, alkyl iodide. 

— d'amidon, iodide of starch, iodised starch. 

— d'argent, silver iodide. 

— de fer, iron iodide. 

— de formyle, iodoform (old name). 

— de nUthyle, methyl iodide, iodomethane. 

— de méthylène, methylene iodide, diiodo- 

— de plomb, lead iodide. 

lodure de potaanum ioduré, iodized potassium 
iodide, a solution of potassium iodide in 
which iodine has been dissolved. 

— de soufre, sulfur iodide. 

— d'êthyle, ethyl iodide, iodoethane. 

— mercureux, mercurous iodide. 

— mercurique, mercuric iodide. 

lodure, p.a. combined with iodine, iodinated; 

treated with or containing iodine, iodized, 

iodated; treated with or containing an 

iodide, iodized. 
lodurer, v.t. iodinate; iodize; iodate. 
lollte, lollthe, /. (Mm.) ioUte. 
Ion, m. ion. 

Ionisation, /. ionization. 
Ioniser, v.t. ionize. 
Ionium, m. ionium. 
lonone, /. ionone. 
Ipéca, m. ipecac. 

Ipécacuana, Ipecacuanha, m. ipecacuanha. 
Ipécacuanate, m. ipecacuanhate. 
Ipécacuanlque, a. ipecacuanhic. 
ira, fut. S sing, of aller (to go). 
Irait, cond. S sing, of aller (to go). 
Irlchromatlne, /. a benzene solution of asphalt 

used in producing iridescence. 
Iridescent, a. iridescent. 
Iridié, a. alloyed with or containing iridium. 
Irldlen, a. (Anat.) iridian. 
Irldlne, /. iridin. 

Irldlque, a. iridic; (Anat.) iridian, iridal. 
Iridium, m. iridium. 
Irldosmlne, /. iridosmium. 
Iris, m. iris. 

— de Florence, Florentine iris (Iris florenUna, 
the rhizome of which is called orris 

Irlsable, a. capable of iridescence. 

Irlsage, m. production of iridescence. 

Irisation, /. irisation, iridescence. 

Irisé, a. irised, iridescent, irisated. 

Iriser, v.t. iris, make iridescent. — v.r. become 

Irlandais, a. Irish. — m. Irish; (cap.) Irish- 

Irlande, /. Ireland. 

Irone, /. irone. 

Irradiation, /. irradiation. 

Irradier, v.i. irradiate, emit rays. 

Irrationnel, a. irrational. 

Irratlonnellement, adv. irrationally. 

Irréalisable, a. unrealizable, unattainable; un- 
feasible, impracticable. 

Irrecevable, a. inadmissible. 

IrréconclUablilté, /. irreconcilability. 

Irréconciliable, a. irreconcilable. 

IrrécondUablement, adv. irreconcilably. 

Irrécouvrable, a. irrecoverable. 

Irrécupérable, a. irrecoverable, irrepan^le. 

Irrécusable, a. imezceptionable. 

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Iffédiictlblllté, /. irreducibUity, -dbleneM. 
Irfédnctlble, a. ineduoible. 
Inédiilt, a. unreduoed. 
irréel* a. unreal. 
Irrefrangible, a. irrefranieîble. 
irrénitable, a. irrefutable. 
irrégularité, /. irregularity. 
irrégulier, a. irregular. 
Irrégnlièrement, adv. irregularly. 
Irreiwrablement, adv. irreparably. 
Irréproeliable, a. irreproachable. 
Irrésistible, a. irresistible. 
Irrésistiblement, adv. irresistibly. 
irrésolu, a. unsolved; irresolute. 
irrésoluble, a. irresolvable, unresolvable. 
Irrespirabillté, /. irrespirability. 
Irrespirable, a. irrespirable. 
trréussite, /. lack of success, failure. 
IrréYerslble, a. irreversible. 
irriguer, v.t irrigate. 
irritant, a. irritant, irritating; annulling. 

— m. irritant. 
irritation, /. irritation. 
irriter, v.t. irritate. 
isatlne, /. isatin. 
isatinlque, a. isatic, isatinic. 
isatroplque, a. isatropic. 
Isatyde, m. isatide. 
ischurétlque, a. (Med.) ischuretie. 
Ifléthioulque, a. isethionic. 

-végétal, agar. 

islandais, a. Iceland, loelandio. 

Islande, /. Iceland. 

Isoamyle, m. isoamyl. 

Isoamyllque, a. isoamyl. 

isoapioi, m. isoapiole. 

isobutane, m. isobutane. 

isobutyrique, a. isobutyrio. 

isoeèle, a. (Oeom.) isosceles. 

Isoehromatlque, a. isoohromatic. 

isoehrone. Isochronique, a. isochronal, iso- 
chronous, isochronic. 

Isoehronlquement, adv. isochronally. 

isoeinnamique, a. isocinnamic. 

isoeréatlnine, /. isocreatinine. 

isoeyanate, m. isocyanate. 

— de phényU, phenyl isocyanate. 

Isoeyanique, a. isocyanic. 

isoeyanurique, a. isocyanuric. 

Isodimorphe, a. isodimorphous, isodimorpfaic. 

Isodulelte, /. isodulcitol, isodulcite. 

Isodynamique, isodyname, a. isodynamic. 

isolable, a. isolable. 

isolant, a. isolating; insulating. — m. insula- 
ting material, insulator. 

Isolateur, m. insulating device, insulator. — a. 
isolating; insulating. 

Isolatlf, a. isolating; insulating. 

Isolation, /. isolation; insulation. 

Isoiatrlee, a.fem. of isolateur. 

Isolé» a. isolated; insulated; detached. 

Isolement, m. isolation; insulation. 

Isolément, adv. in an isolated manner, sepa- 
rately, individually. 

Isoler, v.t. isolate; insulate. — v.t. be isolated; 
be insulated; isolate oneself. 

iMdeuclne, /. isfjeucine. 

Isologue, a. isologous. — m. isolog(ue). 

Isoloir, m. insulator, specif, insulating stool. 

Isomaltose, /. isomaltose. 

Isomère, a. isomeric. — m. isomer. 

— ùptique, optical isomer. 
isomérle, /. isomerism. 

— de position, position isomerism. 

— géométrique, geometrical isomerism. 

— phytiqw, physical isomerism. 

— BtéréocMmigue, stereochemical isomerism. 
Isomérlque, a. isomeric. 

Isomérlser, v.t. isomerize, convert into an 

Isomérlsme, m. isomerism. 

Isométrique, a.' isometric, isometrical. 

isomorphe, a. isomorphous, isomorphic. 

isomorphisme, m., Isomorphle, /. isomorph- 

Isonleotlanlque, a. isonicotinic. 

Isonitrosé, a. isonitroso. 

Isopelletlérlne, /. isopelletierine. 

IsophtaUque, a. isophthalic. 

Isopropyllque, a. isopropyl. 

Isopyromudque» a. isopyromucic 

Isoqulnolélne, /. isoquinoline. 

isoqulnoléique, a. isoquinoline. 

isosaecharlque, a. isoeaccharic. 

Isosafrol, m. isosafrole. 

Isoseèle, a. {Oeom.) isosceles. 

isostrychnine, /. isostrychnine. 

isosucclnique, a. isosuccinic 

Isosulfocyanate, m. isosulfocyanate (isothio- 
— d^aUyle, allyl isothiocyanate, allyl mustard 

isotétramorphe, a. isotetramorphous. 

Isotherme, a. isothermal. — /. isotherm. 

Isothermique, a. isothermic, isothermal. 

Isothermiquement, adv. isothermally. 

Isothlo-urée, /. isothioiu^a, thiopseudourea. 

Isotonic, /. isotonicity, isotonic state. 

isotonlque, a. isotonic. 

Isotope, m. isotope. 

Isotople, /. isotopy. 

Isotrimorphe, a. isotrimorphous, -phic. 

Isotrope, a. isotropic, isotropous. 

Isotropic, /. isotropy, isotropism. 

Iso-urée, /. isourea, pseudourea. 

Isoianthine, /. isoxanthine. 

isoiazol, m. isozazole. 

Issu, a. issued, issuing; proceeding (from), the 
result (of); descended. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





Iflsae, /. issue; (pi.) offal, refuse, waste. — a. 
fem, of issu. 
à V — dst at the end of, on leaving. 
issues de la boucherie, waste parts of slaugh- 
tered animals, offal. 
issues de la meunerie, by-products of flour 

(screenings, bran, shorts). 
issues des ordinaires, garbage, slop. 
Isthme» m. isthmus. 
Itaconlque, a. itaconio. 
IteUe,/. Italy. 

ItaUen, a. Italian. — m. Italian. 
ItaUque, a. A m. (Printing) italic. 
Italique, a. italicised. 
lYOlre» m. ivory; (of the teeth) dentine. 

— artificiel, artificial ivory. 

— végétal, vegetable ivory (from Phtfteiephoê 

lYOlrlne» /. ivorine Omitation ivory). 
Ivnle, /. (Bot) rye grass (Loltiim). 
lyresse, /. intoxication, drunkennesB. 
Ixomèteéa m. s yiscœimeter. 

Digitized by 



J*. Contraction of je, I. 

Jable» m. that part of a glass pot where the 
walls and bottom join; chime (of a cask); 
groove (of a cask stave). 

Jaborandi, m. {Pharm. & Bot.) jaborandi. 

Jachère» /. fallow, fallowness; fallow land. 

Jacinthe» /. hyacinth. 

Jadalqne» a. relating to or resembling jade. 

Jade, m. jade. 

Jadéite» /. (Min.) jadeite. 

Jadlen, a. of or containing jade. 

Jadis, adv. of old, formerly. — a. old, former. 

Jaguar» m. (ZoOl.) jaguar {Felts onca). 

Jalet, m. jet. 

JallUr, v.i. spout, gush, spurt; burst forth, (of 
light) flash; (of the electric spark) pass, 
faire — , pass (an electric spark); spout, 
flash, etc. 

JallUssement, m. spouting, gushing, spurting, 
etc. (see jaillir). 

Jais» m. À a. jet. 

Jalap, m. (Pfuirm. & Bot.) jalap. 

Jalaplne, /. jalapin. 

Jalaplque, a. jalapic 

Jallot» m. = jalot. 

Jalon, m. stake, pole (for surveying, etc.). 

Jalonner, v.t. stake out, mark out. 

Jalot, vt. a vessel in which cakes of tallow are 

Jalouse, a. fern, of jaloux. 

Jalousement, adv. jealously. 

Jalousie, /. jealousy; grating; jalousie, blind. 
à — , like a grating. 

Jaloux» a. jealous. 

Jamaïque, /. Jamaica. 

Jamais, adv. ever; (with ne expressed or under- 
stood) never. 
à — , pour — , forever, for ever. 

Jambage, m. jamb; down stroke (of a letter). 

Jambe, /. leg; shank. 

Jambière, /. gaiter; (MacA.) sleeve. — a. leg. 

Jambon, m. ham. 

Jante, /. rim (of a wheel). 

Janvier» m. January. 

Japon, m. Japan. 

Japon, m. sapan wood; Japanese porcelain. 

Japonais, a. Japanese. — m. Japanese (lan- 
guage); (cap.) Japanese (man). 

Japonlque, a. japonic (acid); Japonic, Japan. 


Japonner, v.t. (Ceram.) fire so as to give the 
appearance of Japanese porcelain. 

Jardin, m. garden. 

Jardinage, m. gardening; garden produce; 
garden ground; dark spot (in a gem). 

Jardlneux, a. (of gems) cloudy, having dark 

Jardinier, a. garden. — m. gardener. 

Jargon, m. (Aftn.) jargon. 

Jarre, /. jar. 

Jarret, m. (of pipes, etc.) elbow; hock, ham. 

Jasmin, m. (Bot.) jasmine, jasmin, jessamine. 

— sauvage, false jasmine, yellow jasmine (GeU 
semium sempervirens). 

Jasmol, m. jasmole. 

Jaspagate, /. (Afin.) agate jasper. 

Jaspage, m. imitation of jasper. 

Jaspe, m. (Min.) jasper. 

Jasper, v.t. jasperize, marble, mottle, cloud. 

Jaspure, /. jasperizing, marbling, mottling. 

Jatte, /. bowl, porringer; bowlful. 

Jattée, /. bowlful. 

Jauge, /. gage, gauge; standard. 

— à tréfiler, wire gage. 

— de vapeur, steam gage. 

— du vide, vacuum gage. 
Jaugeage, m. gaging, gauging, calibration; 

tonnage (of a ship). 

— par écoulement, calibration for delivery. 

— par emplissage, calibration for contents. 
Jauge-carcasse, a. (of wires) very fine (less 

than half a millimeter in diameter). 
Jauger, v.t. gage, gauge, calibrate. 
Jaugeur, m. gager, ganger, calibrator. — a. 

gaging, gauging, measuring, calibrating. 
Jaunâtre, a. yellowish. 
Jaune, a. & m. yellow. 

— adde, acid yellow. 

— anglais, Victoria yellow. 

— hriOant, brilliant yellow. 

— citron, lemon yellow. 

— clair, light yeUow. 

— Congo, Congo yellow. 

— d'acridine, acridine yellow. 

— d'alizarine, alizarin yellow. 

— d'antimoine, antimony yellow. 

— de cadmium, cadmium yellow. 

— de Cassel, Cassel yellow (a lead oxy- 

— de chrome, chrome yellow. 

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Jaune de fer» Mars yellow. 

— de HeêWt Hessian yellow. 

— de Mare, Mars yellow. 

— de Naples, Naples yellow. 

— de Paria, Paris yellow. 

— de quinoléine, quinoline yellow. 

— de Vérone, Verona yellow. 

— de nne, sine yellow. 

— d'oere, yoUow ocher. 

— d'cmf, yellow of egg. egg yolk. 

— d'or, golden yellow; (Dyee) gold yellow. 
— jd'urane, uranium yellow. 

— foncé, dark yellow. 

— indien, Indian yellow. 

— métanile, metanil yeUow. 

'^minéral, mineral yellow (a lead ozy- 

— N, yellow N. 

— pdle, pale yellow. 

— serin, canary yellow. 

— sidérin, a yellow pigment prepared by 
boiling together solutions of ferric chloride 
and potassium dichromate. 

— eoleil, sun yellow. 

— solide, fast yellow. 

— soufre, sulfur yellow. 

— Victoria, Victoria yellow. 
Jaiine-capiiclne, m. qastiirtium yellow. 
Jaiine-cltroD) m. lemon yeUow. 
Jaune-patlle, m. straw yellow. 
Jaiine-pale) a. pale yeUow. 

Jaiinet, a. yellowish. 

Jaunir, v.t. & i. yellow, turn yellow. 

Jaunissage, m. « jaunissement. 

Jaunisse, /. (Med.) jaundice. 

Jaunissement, m. yeUowing, turning or color- 
ing yellow. 

lava, /. Java. 

Javanais, a. Javanese. 

Javelle, /. small heap (of sea salt) ; (cap.) in- 
correct spelling of Javel (see eau de Javel 
under eau) ; handful, swath (of cut grain) ; 
bundle, faggot. 

Javellisation, /. treatment with Javel water or 
Javel extract (as for sterilisation). 

Jayet, m. jet. 

Je, pron. I. 

Jervine, /. jervine. 

Jésus, m. a size of paper (about 55 x 72 cm.). 

Jet, m. throw, throwing, cast, toss; jet, stream, 
gush, spouting, spout, spurt; flash; out- 
line, sketch; sprout, shoot; (Founding) 
(1) casting, pouring, (f) jet. 

— d 2a mer, jettison. 

— à moule, (Founding) gate, runner, channel, 

— d'acier, casting of steel. 

— d'eau, jet of water; foimtain jet, fountain; 
rain strip. 

— de condensation, condensing jet. 

Jet de coulée, (Founding) feedhead, feeding 

— de feu, (Pyro.) fire sheaf. 

— de flamme, jet of flame. 

— de fonte, (Founding) deadhead. 

— de lumière, flash of light. 
Jet de pierre, stone's throw. 

— de sable, sand blast. 

— de terre, earth thrown out in excavating. 

— de vapeur, steam jet. 
Jetage, m. throwing, etc. (see jeter). 

Jeter» v.t. throw; cast; hurl, toss; sprinkle, 
scatter; put, place; emit; discharge; 
throw out; utter; throw away; lay (foun- 
dations); calculate. — v.t. shoot, sprout; 
run, discharge. — v.r. be thrown, be cast, 
etc.; throw oneself; fall, flow. 

— en moule, cast; pour (concrete) into the 

Jeu, m. play; clearance; backlash; action, . 
working, functioning; set; esqploeion (as 
of a mine); game; stake; trick; freak. 
en — , (Mack.) in gear, in action. 

— d'orgues, organ. 

— perdu, (Mach.) lost motion. 
Jeudi, m. Thursday. 

Jeun. In the phrase à jeun, fasting, without 
food, without food and drink. 

Jeune, a. young; younger, junior. — m. young 
person; yoimg (of an animal). 

Jeûne, m. fast, fasting; privation, dearth. 

Jeûner, v.i. fast. 

Jeunesse, /. youth. 

Jeûneur, m. faster. 

Joaillerie, /. jewelry; jeweler's trade. 

Joaillier, m. jeweler, jeweller. 

Joie, /. joy. 

Joignant, p.a. joining, etc. (see joigner); ad- 
joining, adjacent, next. 

Joindre, v.t. join; unite; adjoin, be adjacent 
to; assemble; add. — v.t. join, be in con- 
tact, fit. — v.r. join, be joined, unite, meet. 

— à chaud, weld. 

Joint, p.a. joined, united, etc. (see joindre); 
joint. — m. joint; seam. — pr. S sing, of 

— à boulet, ball-and-socket joint. 

— à l'émeri, ground joint. 

— articulé, (Mach.) knuckle joint. 

— en about, butt joint. 

— que, — à ce que, beside which, and in 

Jointée, /. double handful. 
Jointif, a. joined, touching, in contact. 
Jointoyer, v.t. (Masonry) point. 
Jointure, /. joint, joining, junction. 
Joli, a. pretty, handsome, fine; good, ample. 
Joliment, adv. well, agreeably, finely; very. 
Jonc, m. cane, reed, rush; specif., (Bat.) a 
member of the family Juncaceœ,(true) rusl^ 

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Joue odorant, lemon graae. 

Joncacées, (Bot.) Juncaceœ. 

Jonchée, /. a little cheese made in a wicker 
basket; heap; strewed material. 

Joncher, v.t. strew, cover, litter. 

Jonction, /. junction; joining, joint. 

Jongleur, m. juggler; trickster. 

JonqalUe, /. (fiot.) jonquil. 

Joseph, a. see papier Joseph, imder papier; (of 
cotton) spun. 

Joubarbe, /. houseleek (^Sempervivum) ; stone- 
crop (Sedum). 

— acre, common stonecrop (,Seduin acre). 
Jone, /. cheek (in various senses); side, side- 
piece, jaw, flange, etc. 

Jouer, f.t. play; have play, have clearance; 
be loose, work loose; work, act; go oflf, 
explode, be discharged, be sprung; start, 
spring, warp. — v.t. play; use, work; imi- 
tate; deceive, make game of. — v.r. play, 
amuse oneself; deceive oneself. 

— U rôle, play the role, play the part. 
Jouet, m. clamp, fishplate; plaything, sport. 
Joug» m. yoke; (Mack.) crosshead. 

Joulff v.t. (with de) enjoy. 

Jouissance, /. enjoyment; the right to interest 
on capital. 

Joule, m. (Physics) joule. 

Jour, m. day; daylight; light; opening, aper- 
ture; space, interval; way. 
d — , open, openwork; (Com.) up to date. 
dans U — , (of measurements) in the clear. 
mettre au — , bring to light. 

Journal, m. (news)paper; journal; diary; day- 
book; ship's log. 

Journalier, a. daily, diurnal. — m. day 

Journalisme, m. journalism. 

Journée, /. day, daytime; day's pay; day's 
work; day work; day's journey. 

Journellement, adv. daily, every day. 

Joyau, m. jewel, gem. 

Judiciaire, a. judicial. — /. judgment. 

Judiciairement, adv. judiciaUy. 

Judicieusement, adv. judiciously. 

Judldeux, a. judicious. 

Juge, m. judge. 

Jugement, m. judgment. 

Juger, v.t. A i. judge. 

Juglandlne, /. juglandin. 

Juglon, m. juglone. 

Jugulaire, a A. f. jugular. 

Juif, m. Jew. — a. Jewish. 

Juillet, m. July. 

Juin, m. June. 

Jujube, /. jujube (the fruit). — m. jujube (the 

JuJublOT, m. jujube tree, jujube (Zisypkus). 

Julep, m. (Pfiarm.) julep. 

Jumeau, a. <k m. twin; double. 

Jumelle, o. <fc /. fem. of jumeau. — /. binocu- 
lar; cheek, sidepiece; (Pyro.) double 

— de campagne, field glasses. 

— de theatre, opera glass. 

Jumenteux, a. (Med.) designating urine that 
has a thick, colored deposit. 

Jurassique, a. dt m. (peal.) Jurassic. 

Juré, p.a. sworn. — m. juryman, "juror. 

Jurer, v.t swear. — v.i. swear; clash, jar 
squeak, screech, grate. 

Juridiction, /. jurisdiction; body of magis- 

Juridique, a. juridical, judicial. 

Juridiquement, adv. juridically, judicially. 

Jus, m. juice. 

— cru, raw juice, crude juice. 

— de betteraves, sugarbeet juice. 

— de Brésil, brazilwood liquor (a decoction 
of brazilwood or redwood). 

— de cannes, cane juice. 

— de réglisse, licorice (or liquorice) juice. 

— de tannée, — &nnarU, tanning liquor, tan 

Jusant, m. ebb, ebb tide. 
Jusée, /. tanning liquor, tan liquor. 
Jusque, prep, (often with à) to, till, until, up 
to, as far as, even to, even. 

jusqu'à ce que, till, until. 

jusqu'à refus, to excess. 

jusqu'à trouble, to cloudiness, till clouding 

jusqu'ici, to this place, thus far, till nowl 

jusque-là, to that place, so far, till then. 

jusque-4à que, to such a degree that. 

jusqu'où, how far. 
Jusqulame, /. (Bot.) henbane (Hyoscyamtut), 

— noire, black henbane (Hyoscyamus niger). 
Juste, a. just; exact, accurate, correct, right, 

true; tight, close-fitting. — adv. just; 

rightly, right, well; tightly, tight. — m, 

just; just man. 
à — titre, justly, rightly, with reason. 
au — , just, exactly. 
Justement, adv. just, exactly; justly. 
Justesse, /. accuracy, exactness, precision, oor- 

rectness; justness; fitness. 
Justice, /. justice; court of justice. 
Justifiable, a. justifiable. 
Justlfiablement, adv. justifiably. 
Justifier, v.t. justify. 
Jute, m. jute. 
Juter, v.i. exude juice. 
Juteux, a. juicy. 

Juxtaposé, p.a. juxtaposed, in juxtaposition. 
Juxtaposer, v.t. juxtapose, place side by side. 

— v.r. be juxtaposed. 
Juxtaposition, /. juxtaposition. 

Digitized by 



kalepnt, m. cajuput. 

kalnlte, /. {Min,) kainite. 

kald, a. khaki. — m. Japanese persimmon. 

kakodyle, m. cacodyl. 

kakodyllque, a. cacodylic; cacodyl. 

kaléldoscoplque, a. kaleidoscopic (al). 

kail» m. kali, glasswort iSalsola kali) ; potash. 

kallsme, m. poisoning caused by potash. 

kallam, m. potassium. (Qba.) 

kallltyple, /. {Photog.) kallitype. 

kaolin, m. kaolin. 

ksollnlque, a. kaolinic. 

kaollnlsation, /. kaolinization. 

ksollnlser, v.U kaolinize. 

kaoiitclioiic» m. caoutchouc, rubber. 

kapok» m. kapok, Java cotton. 

karabé, m. amber. {Oha.) 

karablqiie, a. karabic (succinic). 

karat, m. carat. 

karature, m. — carature. 

karyoklnèse, /. {Biol.) karyokinesis, mitosis. 

kassii, m. kassu (betel nut extract). 

kathode, m. cathode. 

kava, kawa, /. kava (the plant or the 

kefir, képhir, /. kefir, képhir. 
kératine, /. keratin. 
kératlnlsatlon, /. keratinization. 
kératlnlser, v.t. keratinize. 
kératogène, a. keratogenous. 
kératolde, a. keratoid. 
kératopiastlque, a. hardening the skin ; kerato- 

kératose, /. {Med.) keratosis. 
kérlte, /. kerite (an insulating material). 
kermès, m. <k a. kermès. 

— minerait — médicinal^ kermès mineral. 
kérosène, m. kerosene. 
kérosolène, m. kerosolene, rhigolene. 
ketmle, /. (fiot.) hibiscus. 
khantchln, m. a Chinese liquor made from 

khôl, m. kohl, kohol. 
kleselguhr, Ideselgur, m. diatomaceous earth, 

Idlo, m. kilo (kilogram). 

kilogramme, m. kilogram (1000 grams, 2.2046 

kllogrammètre, m. kilogrammeter (about 7} 

foot pounds). 
kilomètre, m. kilometer (0.62137 mile). 
Idlométrlque, a. kilometric, kilometrical. 
kllométrlquement, adv. by kilometers. 
kilowatt, m. kilowatt. 
kllowatt-heore, m. kilowatt hour. 
Una, m. cinchona bark; quinine. 
kinase, /. kinase. 
Idnate, m. quinate. 
klnétlte, /. CSxpl.) kinetite. 
Unlne, /. quinine. 
Unique, a. quinic. 
kino, m. kino. 

— de l'Inde, East India kino. 
klnovlne, /. quinovin. 
klr, m. (peol.) bituminous earth. 
klrsch, klrschwasser, m. kirsch, kirschwaaser. 
klaubage, m. picking, sorting. 
knopper, Knopper, /. (nut) gall, gallnut, 

specif, that produced by Cynipa quercus 

calicia on certain European oaks. 
kohol, koheul, m. kohl. 
kola, m. iPharm.) kola; (Bot.) Cola. 
kola tier, m. kola tree (Cola acuminata). 
koumls, koumys, m. kumiss, koumiss. 
kousslne, /. kosin, kousin, koosin (from cusso). 
kousso, m. = coiisso. 
krabb, m. a long iron rod formerly used in 

flattening window glass. 
krypton, m. krypton. 
kulhaven, n. an earthenware cylinder formerly 

used in annealing objects of crystal glass. 
kummel, kttmmel, m. kûmmel (the liqueur) ; 

kupfemlckel, m. (Min.) niccolite, kupfer- 

kvas, m. kvass, kvas (Russian beer). 
kw.-an, abbrev. (kilowatt-an) kilowatt year. 
kwas, m. kvass, kvas (Russian beer). 
kyanlsatlon, /. kyanization. 
kyanlser, v.t. kyanize. 
kyste, m. cyst. 
kystique, lÉysteux, a. csrstio. 


Digitized by 


L. A Bsnnbol sometimeB used for lithium. 
1'. Contraction of le or la. 
la» article^ fern. sing. the. — pron. her, she, it. 
las ado- there; then. 

oe . . . -U, cette . . . -U, that . . 

oe« . . . -^, thofie . . . 

de là, thence, from there, from then, from 
that, after that. 

làr-ba», lêHiedane, etc., see below. 

Id ou, where. 

par là, that way; thereby, by that. 
lab» m. rennet, lab. 
là-lias» adv. down there, down yonder. 
labdanum, m. labdanum. 
label» m. label, mark. 

labenzyme» m. the enzyme of rennet, rennin. 
labeur, m. labor, toil; {Affric.) cultivation. 
labferment» m. » labenzyme. 
labié» a. iBol.) labiate. — /.a member of the 

Menthaceœ (Labiatœ). 
labile, a. labUe. 

laboratoire» m. laboratory; (in gas analysis) 
absorption chamber or pipet. 

— abaorbeur, absorption chamber or pipet. 

— d'analyêe, analytical laboratory. 

— de pyrotechnie, fireworks laboratory, pjrro- 
technic works. 

— de recherches chimiques, chemical research 
laboratory, chemical laboratory. 

laborieusement» adt. laboriously. 

laborieux, a. laborious. 

laborloslté» /. laboriousness. 

labour, m. tillage, plowing; tilled land, plowed 

labourable, a. tillable, arable. 
labourage» m. tillage; farming. 
labourer» v.t. till, plow; plow up. — v.i. till, 

plow; drudge. 
labradorlte» /., labrador» m. (Min.) labra- 

labyrinthe» m. labjrrinth. 
labjrrlnthlque» a. labyrinthine, labyrinthio. 
lae» m. lake. 

— êolant, salt lake. 
laçage» m. lacing. 
lacease» /. laocase. 
laecine, /. lacdn. 
laeelque, a. laccaic, laodo. 
lac-dye» m. lao dye. 

r» v.t. laoe. 

laeérer» v.t laoerate. 

laeet» m. lace; loop; sigsag, winding; snare. 

Iftetae» a. loose; slack; lax; indolent; mean, 

base, cowardly. — adv. loosely, loose. 
Iftehefer, m. {Metal.) tap bar. 
Uctaement, adv. loosely, feebly, sluggishly. 

— m. loosening, etc. (see lâcher). 
l&etaer» v.t. loosen, loose, relax, slacken; turn 

on (cocks, etc.), open; let go, release; fire, 

discharge, let oflf; let out, let slip. — v.i. 

db r. loosen, slacken, get loose; escape; 

(of a gun) go off. 
lacls» m. network, plexus. 
lac-laque» /. lac lake. 
lacmolde, m. lacmoid. 

là-eontre, adv. against that, to the contrary. 
lacryma-ehrlsti, m. Lachryma Christi (a 

lacrymal, a. lachrymal. 
lacrymogène, a. tear-producing, lachryma- 
tory. — m. (Mû.) lachrymator, tear gas. 
lacrymule, /. small tear. 
lactaire, a. lactary. 
lactalbumlne, / lactalbimiin. 
lactame, n. lactam. 
lactamlde, /. lactamide. 
lactamlque» a. of or pertaining to a lactam; 

lactamic (designating the acid usually 

known as alanine). 
lactase» /. lactase. 
lactate, m. lactate. 

— de fer, lactate of iron, iron lactate, specif 
(as in Pharm.) ferrous lactate. 

— de magnésie, magnesium lactate. 
lactation, /. {Physiol.) lactation. 

lacté» a. (of, containing or resembling milk) 

milky, milk, lacteal; {Anat.) lacteal; 

ifiot.) lactescent. 
laeter» v.t. treat or combine (as flour) with 

lactélforme» a. resembling milk. 
lactélne» lactéoUne» /. lactein, condensed 


lactescence, /. milkiness, lactesoence. 
lactescent, a. lactescent (milky, or yielding a 

milky juice). 
lactlcémle, /. autointoxication due to laotit 

acid in thé blood. 
lactlde, /. lactide. 
lactique, a. lactic. 


uigitized by 





lactobacilllne, /. culture of lactic-acid bacteria. 
lacto-blltyromètre, m. lactobutyrometer. 
Iactodeii8linètre, m. lactodeiiBimeter. 
lactoglobilline, /. lactoglobulin. 
lactoline, /. lactolin (potassium lactate and 

lactic acid, used as a mordant) ; = lactéine. 
lactomètre, m. lactometer. 
Uietone, /. lactone. 
lacto-nécessalre, m. an outfit for the rapid 

analysis of milk. 
lactoprotéine, /. fetoprotein. 
lactoscope» m. lactoscope. 
Tactose, /. lactose, milk sugar. 
lactosémm, m. milk serum. 
UictOTiscosIniètre, m. lactovisoosimeter. 
lactucarium, m. lactucaxium. 
lacune, /. lacuna, empty or blank space, gap. 
laciineux» a. lacunose, full of lacimas. 
lacustre, a. lacustrine. 
ladanlfère, a. bearing labdanum. 
ladanum, m. labdanum, ladanum. 
là-dedans, adv. in there, in, within; therein. 
là-dehors, adv. out there, out. 
là-dessous, adv, under there, underneath, 

là-dessus, adv. on that, over that, about that, 

thereupon, thereafter. 
là-devant, adv. yonder, on ahead. 
ladite, fern, of ledit (which see). 
lavre» m. a sheet of glass on which window 

glass is flattened. 
là-haut, adv. up there, above, upward. 
iaiche, /. {BoQ sedge. 
laid, a. ugly; bad (weather); naughty. 
lainage, m. woolen stuffs, woolens; fleece; 

laine, /. wool. 

— heige, natural wool. 

— de bo%8, wood wool; wood fiber; pine wool. 

— de Cachemire, Kashmir (or Cashmere) 
wool (from the Kashmir goat). 

— de fer, iron wool. 

— de laitier, slag wool, mineral wool. 

— de mouton, sheep's wool. 

— de pin, pine wool, vegetable wool. 

— de scories, slag wool, mineral wool. 

— de tourbe, peat wool. 

— de verre, glass wool. 

— en suint, wool in the grease. 

— en toieon, fleece wool. 

— phUoaophique, philosopher's wool (sub- 
limed sine oxide). 

lalne-renalssance, /. wool regeneration, wool 

lain», v.t. teasel, tease (fabrics). 

lalnerle, /. woolen goods, woolens; manufac- 
ture of woolens; woolen shop or business; 
teaseling machine. 

laineux, a. woolly. 

ialnler, a. wool, pertaining to wool. 

laisser, v.t. leave; let, allow, permit; leave 
out, omit; let go; (with de and infinitive) 
cease, leave off (as, la chose ne laisse pets 
d'être vraie, the thing is still true, is never- 
theless true, is certainly true). 
(Phrases in which laisser is followed by an- 
other verb are entered under those verbs.) 

laisser-passer, m. pass. 

lalt, m. milk. 

— caillé, curdled milk. 

— dair, whey. 

— concentré, condensed milk (or evaporated 

— condensé, condensed milk. 

— cru, raw milk. 

— d*ainandeis), milk of almond (s), emulsion 
of almond. 

— d'ammoniaque, iPharm.) ammoniacum 

— d'ânesse, ass's milk. 

— d'asafœtida, milk (or emulsion) of asa- 

— de beurre, buttermilk. 

— de brebis, ewe's milk. 

— de chaux, milk of lime. 

— de chèvre, goat's milk. 

— de femme, woman's milk, human milk. 

— de gaïac, lait de gayac, (Pfuirm.) guaiacum 

— de jument, mare's milk. 

— de malt, (Brewing) a milky liquid obtained 
by grinding malt with water. 

— de soufre, milk of sulfur. 

— de vaàie, cow's milk. 

— écrémé, skimmed milk, skim milk. 

— en poudre, milk powder, powdered milk. 

— homogénéisé, homogenised milk. 

— matemisé, milk of animals (esp. cow's 
milk) modified to resemble human milk. 

— mercuriel, (Pharm.) white precipitate, 
ammoniated mercury. 

— végétal, (Bot.) latex. 

laitance, laite, /. milt (secretion of fishes); 
(Cement) laitance (a gelatinous exudation 
from concrete). 

laiterie, /. dairy; dairying; dairy shop. 

laiterol, m. (Metal.) flosshole plate. 

laiteux, a. milky; milk; lacteal. 

laitier, m. slag, scoria, (Iron) cinder; (Bot.) 
milkwort (Polygala); milkman. — a. milk. 
(A distinction is made by some between 
laitier, slag, and scorie, scoria; the former 
resulting from the gangue and flux, the 
latter from the metal and the furnace; but 
both words are most commonly translated 

laiton, m. brass. 

— de fonte, cast brass. 

— en feuiUes, sheet brass. 
laltonnage, m. brass plating, brassing. 

uigiiized Dy '' 





laltonner, v.t. braas-plate, brass. 
laitue, /. lettuce. 

, /. width, breadth (of cloth). 

) m. iZoOl,) llama, lama. 

— alpaga^ alpaca. 

— vigogne, vicufta. 

lambeau, m. shred, scrap; rag; fragment. 
lambris, m. paneling, wainscoting; (fig.) canopy. 
> /. (a thin fiat piece, esp. of metal) foil, 

plate, sheet; lamina, scale; blade; slice; 

strip; slat; (Micros., etc.) slide; band; 

wave, billow. 

— d'eau, sheet of underground water; 
(Steam) water space. 

— de gaz, tongue of gas. 

— de platine, (piece of) platinimi foil. 

— de poudre, cake of powder, milled cake. 

— porte-objet, (Micros.) slide. 
lamellaire, a. lamellar. 
lamellatlon, /. lamellar arrangement. 
lamelle, /. lamella, platelet, leaflet, scale; 

(Expl.) grain, small disk; (Micros.) cover 

— eoumre-objet, cover glass. 
lamelle, a. lamellate, lamellated, foliated. 
lamelleux, a. lamellar, lameUose. 
lamellilère, a. lamelliferous. 
lamelliforme, a. lamelliform. 
lamentablement, adv. lamentably. 
lamenter, v.t., i. & r. lament. 

lamette, /. small plate, platelet, lamella, small 

leaf, leaflet; clasp. 
laminage, m. rolling, etc. (see laminer). 
laminaire, a. laminated, laminar. 
lamlne, /. lamina, thin plate. 
laminé, p. a. rolled, sheet; calendered; 

laminer, v.t. roll (as metal into plates or 

sheets), laminate; calender (paper, cloth, 

etc.); flatten. 
lamlnerle, /. rolling mill. 
lamineur, m. roller (workman); « laminoir. 

— a. rolling. 
lamlneux, a. laminar, laminate, laminoee. 
laminoir, m. rolling machine, roller, rolls, roll; 

rolling mill, flatting mill. 
lampant, a. (of oil) suitable for burning in a 

lamp; (of olive oil) purified, good, bright, 

lampe, /. lamp. 

— d acé<^tôn«, acetylene lamp. 

— d àltxxÀ, alcohol lamp, spirit lamp. 

— d arc, arc lamp, arc light. 

— d hraser, brazing lamp. 

— d esprit de vin, spirit lamp. 

— d essence, benzine lamp, gasoline lamp, 
gasoline torch. 

— d gaz, gas lamp, gas burner. 

— d huile, oil lamp (one using vegetable or 
animal oil). 

lampe d incandescence, incandescent lamp. 

— d pétrole, kerosene lamp, oil lamp. 

— d souder, soldering lamp. 

— d vapeur de mercure, mercury vapor lamp. 

— d'émailleur, enameler's lamp. 

— de poche, pocket lamp, flash light. 

— de sûreté, safety lamp. 

— électrique, electric lamp, specif, a flash 

— témoin, indicator lamp. 
lampe-heure, /. lamp hour. 

lamper, v.i. (of the sea) phosphoresce. Cf. 

lamperon, m. wick holder; bowl (of a lamp). 
lamplsterie, /. lamp manufacture. 
lançage, m. laimching, etc. (see lancer). 
lanee, /. lance; nozzle; rod, pK>le, staff. 
lanee-bombes, m. bomb-throwing device, 

trench mortar, minenwerfer. 
lanee-flammes, m. flame projector. 
laneement, m. launching, etc. (see lancer). 
lance-poudre, m. an apparatus for throwing 

powder on articles to be enameled or 

laneer, v.t. launch; throw, dart, shoot, cast, 

emit; issue, send out, put out; start. 

— v.r. spring, fly, rush; launch out. 
lancette, /. lancet; (in general) tool with a 

lance-Ûke blade. 
langage, m. language. 
langue, /. tongue; language; (of a balance) 

pointer, needle. 

— de chien, (Bot.) hound's-tongue (Cynoglos" 
sum ojfficinale). 

languette, /. tongue (in technical senses); 
small tongue; (of a balance) pointer, 
needle; (of paper) small strip. 

langueur, m. languor, languidness. 

languir, v.i. languish; long; flag, drag. 

languissant, p.a. languishing; slow, dull. 

lanière, /. strap, thong; strip. 

lanoUne, /. lanolin, lanoline. 

lanterne, /. lantern (in various senses) ; a glass 
window thru which the color of the gases 
is observed in the chamber process for sul- 
furic acid; a measure for loading shells; 
(Founding) core barrel (or core rod). 

lanthane, m. lanthanum. 

lapidaire, m. & a. lapidary. 

lapin, m. rabbit. 

— de garenne, wild rabbit. 

— du Brésil, guinea pig. 

lapis, lapls-lazull, m. (Min.) lapis lazuli. 

lapon, a. Lappic. — m. Lappic; (cap.) Lap- 

Laponle, /. Lapland. 

laps, m. lapse. 

laquage, m. lacquering; laking. 

laquc, /. lake; lac, gum lac. — m. lacquer, 
lacker. — a. lac. 

y Google 




laqne angUnset a cochineal lake of intense color, 
the finest quaUty of which is called crimson 

— brûUet a cochineal lake containing a little 

— carminée, lake (proper), cochineal lake (of 
which carmine and crimson lake are varie- 

— de bois rouge, redwood lake. 

— de garance, madder lake. 

— de gaude, weld lake. 

— de Smyme, Smyrna lake (from madder). 

— en baton, stick-lac. 

— en boulee de Venise, a variety of redwood 
(or brazilwood) lake. 

— en ianilea, — en feuilles, shellac, shell lac. 

— en fils, lac melted and drawn into threads. 

— en grains, seed lac. 

— en plaques, shellac. 

— fine, a variety of cochineal lake. 

— minérale, a sreen pigment made by pre- 
cipitating a solution of zinc and copper 
sulfates with sodiuni carbonate. 

— ordinaire, a variety of cochineal lake. 

— plate, shellac. 

— plate d'Italie, a variety of redwood lake. 
tamué, a. lacquered, lackered; (of blood) 

laquebleu, m. litmus. 

laquelle, pron. fern, who, whom, which, that. 
laquer, v. t. lacquer, lacker; lake. 
laqueux, a, of or pertaining to lao. 
lard, m. bacon. 

gros — , — gras, fat bacon. 

petit — , — maigre, lean bacon. 
lardacé, a. lardaceous. 
larder, v.t, interlard; stab, pierce; lard. 
lardeux, a. lardaceous, fat, lardy. 
large, a. broad, wide; large, great, ample; 
liberal, generous; lax, unscrupulous. 

— m. breadth, width; open sea, high sea. 

— adv. largely; grandly. 

au — , off, away; well off; comfortably, 

au long et au — , far and wide. 
de — , in width, wide. 
largement, adv. widely, wide; largely, liberally, 

largeur, /. breadth, width, wideness; (RaU- 
V)ays) gage; (of a ship) beam. 

— dans œuvre, width in the clear. 

— du jour, width of opening. 

— en fond, width at the bottom. 
largue, a. slack, loose; (Mack.) started. 
larguer, v.t. let go; slacken (a rope); let off 

larix, m. (Bot.) larch, larix. 
larme, /. tear; drop; specif., {Glass) a drop of 

fused material from the vault or crown of 

the furnace. 

larmeux, a. (of resins, etc.) in tear». 

larmoiement, m. laohrymation, watering of 
the eyes, weeping. 

larmoyer, v.t. weep, shed tears. 

larve, /. larva. 

las, a. weary, fatigued, tired. 

laser, m. laser (the gum resin) ; laserwort. 

lasser, v.t. fatigue, weary,' tire. — «.r. tire, 
become fatigued. 

lasting, m. lasting (the cloth). 

latemment, adv. latently. 

latent, a. latent. 

latéral, a. side, lateral. 

latéralement, adv. laterally, on the side, side- 
ways, sidewise. 

latex, m. {Bot.) latex. 

latlclfère, a. {Bot.) laticiferous. 

latin, a. Latin; lateen (sail). — m. Latin. 

latitude, /. latitude. 

latrine, /. latrine, privy. 

latte, /. lath; strip (as of iron); (Cerom.) a 
paddle or shovel for handling the moist 
clay; straight saber. 

lattis, m. lathing, lath work. 

laudanlne,/. laudanine. 

laudanlsé, a. containing laudanum. 

laudanoslne, /. laudanosine. 

laudanum, m. {Pharm.) laudanum. 

— de Sydenham, Sydenham's laudanum, wine 
of opium. 

laumonlte, /. {Min.) laumontite, laumonite. 
lauraoées, /.p2. {Bot.) Lauraoeœ. 
lauréole, /. {Bot.) daphne. 

— femelle, mezereon {Daphne mezereiim). 

— mâle, spurge laurel {Daphne laureola), 
laurier, m. laurel. 

— benzoin, spicebush {Benxoin bentoin). 

— commun, — noble, true laurel, bay laurel, 
bay tree {Laurus nobilis). 

laurler-eerlse, m. cherry laurel {Laurocerasua 

laurlOT-rose, m. oleander {Nerium oleander). 
laurler-sauce, m. true laurel {Laurus nobilis). 
laurlne, /. laurin. 
laurlnées, {Bot.) Lauraoeœ. 
lauryle, m. lauryl. 
lavable, a. washable. 
lavabo, m. washstand, lavabo. 
lavage, m. washing, etc. (see laver); spilled 

liquid, slop. 

— à grand eau, {Ores) sluicing. 

— à la euve, {Ores) tossing. 

— au crible, {Ores) riddling. 
lavande, /. {Bot.) lavender. 

— aspic, — en épi, — mâle, aspic, French 
lavender {Lavandula spica). 

— commune, — femelle, — vraie, true or 
garden lavender {Lavandula vera). 

— tri^, sea lavender {Limonium, esp. L, 

uigltized by 





bfttndlère, /. laundress, washerwoman; wash- 
ing machine. 
falTASse, /. a hard siliceous stone; downpour. 
faive, /. lava. 

— an Volvic, an Auvergne lava much used 
as a material resistant to chemicals. 

— émaiUée, enameled lava, glased lava. 

— /imble, artificial mastic. 

faivé, p.a. washed; (of colors) thin, faint, pale, 

lavée, /. quantity of material (e.g. wool) washed 

at one time. 
lavement, m. washing; (Med.) enema. 
laver, v.t. wash; wash out; wash off; cleanse, 

purify; huddle (ores). 

— le four, (Çeram.) cleanse the kiln of de- 
posited carbon by means of an oxidizing 

laverie, /. lavatory (as one consisting of a sink 

and drainboard); (operation of) washing; 

place where ores or other materials are 

washed, washing works. 
laveur, m. washer; washing apparatus (e.g. a 

gas-washing bottle); washing machine; 

((?a«) purifier. — a. washing, wash. 

— de coupest {Microa.) section washer. 
laveuse, fem. of laveur and similarly used. 
lavlque, a. lava, tavatic, lavic. 

la vis, m. wash; wash drawing, wash design. 

lavoir, m. washer, washing apparatus, washing 
machine; washhouse, laundry; washing 
place; cleaning rod (for guns); huddle 
(for ores). 

lavure, /. washings (as precious metal obtained 
from waste by washing) ; dishwater; swill, 
slop; (Med.) mucous and bloody super- 
secretions from the intestines. 

laiatJf, a. dt m. (Med.) laxative. 

laxité, /. looseness, slackness; laxity. 

layette, /. drawer; tray (for powder); box; 
trunk; baby linen, layette. 

lamllte, m. (Min.) lasulite. 

le, article, nuuc. aino- the. (In many cases it 
should be omitted in translating: as, h 
platine est coûteux, platinum is expensive; 
8% Von exdut, if one excludes.) — pron. 
him, he, it. 

M, m. breadth, width (of fabrics). 

leberen, m. hepatic (or liver-brown) cinnabar. 

lécanorlne, /. lecanorin (lecanoric acid). 

leohafe, m. linking, etc. (see lécher). 

lécher, v.t. lick; touch, pass over lightly (a« 
with tongues) ; finish, finish off. 

!écitlllne, /. lecithin. 

leçon,/, lesson; lecture; reading. 

leetenr, m. reader; proofreader. 

lectore,/. reading: proofreading. 

ledit, a. A m. the said (person or thing), the 
above, the aforementioned, the same. 

lédon» m., lède, /. (Bot) Labrador tea (Ledum), 

légal, a. legal. 

légalement, adv. legally, lawfully. 
légaliser, v. t. authenticate; l^alise. 
l^allté, /. legality, lawfuhiess; law. 
légendaire, a. legendary. 
légende, /. legend. 

— ezplicatioe, explanatory legend, explani^ 
tion (of the letters on a drawing, or the 

léger, a. light; slight. — m. lightness. 

à la légère, lightly; light. 
légèrement, adv. lightly; slightly. 
légèreté, /. lightness; slightness. 
légiférer, v.i. legislate. 
législateur, m. legislator. — a. legislative. 
législatif, a. legislative. 
législation, /. legislation. 
légitime, a. legitimate. — /. legal share. 
légitimement, adv. legitimately. 
légitimer, v.^ justify; legitimate. 
léguer, v.t. bequeath. 

légume, m. vegetable (specif., leguminous vege- 
table); legume. 
légumlne, /. legumin. 
légumineuses, (Bot.) T^guminosœ, l^cu* 

minous plants. 
légumlnenx, a. leguminous. 
lehm, m. loam. 
lelbnizlen, a. Leibnitzian. 
lélocome, lelogomme, m. leiocome (dextrin). 
lemnien, a. Lemnian. 

lendemain, m. next day, following day, 

le — de, the day after. 

sane — , without continuation, without a 
lenltlf, a. <t m. lenitive. 
lent, a. slow. 

lentement, adv. slowly, slow. 
lenteur, /. slowness. 

avec — , slowly. 
lentieulalre, lenticule, a. lenticular. 
lentille, /. lens; lentil: bob (of a pendulum). 

— collectrice, condensing lens, condenser. 

— convergente, converging lens. 

— de rétrogradation, a lens-shaped dephleg- 

— divergente, diverging lens. 
lentiSQUe, m. mastic tree (Pistacia lentiacus). 
lépidine, /. lepidine. 

lépldolithe, m. (Afin.) lepidolite. 
lequel, pron. masc. who, whom, which, thist- 
les, article pi. the. (See le.) — pron. them, 

lesdltes, lesdlts, pi. of ladite, ledit. See ledit. 
lésion, /. injury, damage: (Med.) lesion. 
lesquelles, pron. pi. of laquelle. 
lesquels, pron. pi. of lequel. 
lessivage, m., lesslvatlon, /. lixiviation, eto. 

(see lessiver). 

uigiiizea Dy '' 





lessifBge à la vapeur^ extraction with steam, 

lesslTe, /. lixivium; lye; washing; bucking; 


— brute, ÇSoda) vat liquor (lixivitmi from 
black a^). 

— eatiatiqtie, caustic alkali solution, specif, 
(as in Pharm.) solution of potassium 

— de recuit, (Soap) lye already used in boiling 
or salting out, with or without the addi- 
tion of fresh alkali. 

— dee savonniers, caustic soda solution. 

— de soude alcalino-salée, (Soap) a lye pre- 
pared by adding slaked lime to a solution 
of sodium carbonate and salt. 

— de soude brute (or douce), (Soap) a lye 
made by lixiviating a mixture of sodium 
carbonate (as black ash) and slaked lime. 

— résiduaire, residual lye, waste lye (e.g. 
sulfite liquor). 

lesslTer, v.t. lixiviate, leach; extract (with a 
liquid); wash with alkali or other deter- 
gent), scour, buck. 

lessiveiir, m. lixiviator, leacher, etc. (see lessi- 
ver). — a. lixiviating, leaching, etc. 

— de chiffons, (Paper) rag boiler. 
lessiTeuse»/. an apparatus for lixiviating, wash- 
ing or scouring, as a rag boiler, a pulp 
digester or a bucking kier; washerwoman, 

lest, m. ballast. 

leste, a. light, active, smart, free. 

lester, v.t. ballast. 

léthargie, a. lethargy. 

lettrage, m. lettering. 

lettre, /. letter. 

— ^rgée, registered letter (containing 

— de voiture, waybill; bill of lading. 

— morte, of no eflFect. 

— recommandée, registered letter. 

lettres grasses, black letters, heavy-faced type. 

lettres maigres, light letters, ordinary or light- 
faced tjrpe. 
leucélne, /. leucine. 

leucémie, /. (Med.) leucemia, leucocythemia. 
leucémique, a. (Med.) leucémie, leucocythemic. 
leucine, /. leucine. 
leuclque, a. leucic. 

leuclte, /. (Min.) leucite; (Med.) sclerotitis. 
lencobase, /. leuco base. 
leuoocldlne, /. leucocidin. 
leucocytaire, a. leucocytic 
leucocyte, m. leucocyte, white blood corpuscle. 
leucocythémle, /. leucocythemia, leucemia. 
leucocytolyse, /. leucocytolysis. 
leucocytose, /. leucocytoeis. 
leucodérlvé, m. leuco derivative. 
leucolyse, /. leucolysis. 

leucomalne, /. leucomaine. 
leuconlque, a. leuconic. 
leur, pron. & a. to them, them, their, theirs. 
levage, m. raising, etc. (see lever). 
levain, m. leaven, leavening agent. 

— artificiel, artificial yeast, cultivated yeast. 

— de chef, leaven consisting of dough which 
has fermented until it is very light. 

— de pate, dough saved out for use as leaven. 
levant, m. east; (cap.) Levant. —, of 

levé, p. a. raised, etc. (see lever); erect; up. 

— m. surveying, plotting, drawing. 

levée, /. raising; removal, removing; crop; 
stroke (of a piston); surveying, plotting; 
levee; levy. 

— de cuite, in the process of making Mar- 
seilles soap, the removal of the curd from 
the lye and placing of it in vessels where 
it is left to become marbled. 

lever, v.t. raise; lift, lift up; hoist; set up; 
remove; revoke; take up; take; survey, 
plot, sketch. — v.i. rise; (of plants) come 
up. — v.r. rise; be raised; (of weather) 
clear; (of window glass) warp. — m. ris- 
ing; survejnng, plotting; survey, plot, 
plan, design, sketch. 

— sur lessive, separate (soap) from the lye. 
levier, m. lever; handle, arm, bar. 

— coudé, crank lever, bent lever. 

— de soupape, valve handle, valve lever. 
levler-clef, n. (Elec.) make-and-break key. 
lévlgatenr, m. levigator (e.g. an apparatus for 

levigating sugar-beet pulp). 
lévlgatlon, /. levigation, levigating. 
lévlger, v.t. levigate. 
lévo*. levo-, lœvo-. 

Kvogyre, a. levorotatory, levogsrre, bevogyie. 
lèvre, /. lip; edge, border, rim. 
lévullne, /. levulin. 
lévullnlque, lévullque, a. levulinic. 
lévulosane, m. levuloean. 
lévulose, /. lévulose. 
levure, /. yeast. 

— basse, bottom yeast, low-feiinentation 

— de bière, — de brasserie, beer yeast, brewer's 
yeast, brewery yeast, barm. 

— de culture, cultivated yeast. 

— de depot, bottom yeast. 

— de vin, wine yeast. 

— durable, permanent yeast, symin. 

— ferment, yeast enzyme. 

— grise, the gray upper layer of yeast which 
is rejected in making compressed yeast. 

— haute, top yeast, high-fermentation yeast. 

— morte, dead yeast (specif. Buchner's evapo- 
rated yeast extract). 

— pressée, compressed yeast, pressed yeast. 

— sauvagct wild yeast. 

uigiiizea Dy 





levure superficielle, top yeast, surface yeast. 

-— végétale^ vegetating yeast. 
leYore-mère, /. mother yeast, parent yeast. 
tevurler, m. maker or seller of yeast. 
leviiroinètx^, m. an apparatus for measuring 

the fermentative activity of yeast. 
lexique» m. lexicon, dictionary. — a. lexical. 
lézard, m. lizard. 
léiftrde, /. crevice, crack. 
léiftrder» v.t. A r. crack, crevice, chink. 
liage» m. binding, tying, etc. (see lier). 
liais, m. a very hard, close-grained limestone. 
liaison, /. connection; bond, Unkage; union, 

junction, johiing, joint; tie; mortar. 

— éthylénique, ethylene linkage, double bond. 
llane, /. {Bot.) liana. 

liant, a. pliant, pliable, soft, easily worked; 
flexible; elastic (as a spring); cohesive; 
(of metals) tenacious, tough, malleable; 
supple; gentle, compliant. — m. pliancy, 
pliability, etc. (see above) ; binding agent, 

lias, m. {Oeol.) Lias. 

llaslque, Uasslque, a. {Geol.) Liassic 

liasse, /. package, packet, bundle, file; cord, 
tape, string. 

libelle, /. bubble (in a crystal inclusion) ; libel. 

llbdlé, V'0>- drawn up, worded. — m. drawing 
up, wording. 

libeller, v.t. draw up, word. 

liber, m. {Bot.) bast, phloem, inner bark. 

libéral, a. liberal. 

libéralement, adv. liberally. 

libération, /. liberation, setting free; dis- 
charge, release. 

libérer, v.t. liberate, set free; discharge. 

libérien, a. {Bot.) relating to bast or phloem. 

liberté, /. liberty, freedom; {Mach.) play, 
en — , free; freely. 

— du commerce, freedom of trade. 
mettre en — , set free, liberate, 
«lise en — , setting free, liberation. 

libidibi, n. {Bot.) divi-divi. 

libraire, m. bookseller. 

libraire-éditeur, m. bookseller and publisher. 

librairie, /. bookstore, bookseller's shop; book 

libre, a. free; (of paper) unstamped; (ilfoc^.) 

out of gear, disengaged, 
d Vair — , au — , in the open air, in free air. 
llbre-éclianKe, m. free trade. 
librement, adv. freely. 
iiee, /. lists, field; warp (of fabrics); list, 

border; rail. 
licence, /. license; licentiate's degree. 
licencié, m. licensee; licentiate (holder of a 

degree intermediate between bachelor and 

Ileet, m. permission, permit. 

lichen, m. {Bot.) lichen. 

— Carragaheen, carrageen, Irish moss. 

— de» rochers, {Bot.) archil. 

— d'Islande, Iceland moss, Iceland lichen. 

— tartareux, Lecanora tartarea (from whiok 
one kind of archil is prepared). 

lichénine, /. lichenin. 
iichénique, a. lichenic (fumaric). 
licite, a. licit, lawful, allowable. 
lie, /. lees, dregs, sediment, grounds. 

— de vin, wine lees; dark red or purple color, 
lié, p.a. bound, tied, etc. (see lier). 

liège, m. cork. 

liégeois, a. of or pertaining to Liege. 

liégeux, a. corky, of the nature of cork. 

llement, m. binding, tying, etc. (see lier). , 

lien, m. bond, tie, link; band, strap, brace; ' 

lier, v.t. bind, tie, join, attach, connect, fasten, 
fasten together, link, knit; relate; enter 
into, engage in; thicken (as a sauce); 
{Soap) emulsify. — v.r. be bound, be tied, 
etc.; combine, unite; become intimate; 

lierre, m. ivy. 

— terrestre, ground ivy {Olecoma hederaeea). 
lieu, m. place; turn, order; estate, rank; 

{Geom.) locus. 

au — de, au — et place de, instead of, in place 
of, as a substitute for. 

au — que, whereas, when in fact. 

il y a — de, it is well to, it is necessary to. 
lieue, /. league. 
llevre, m. hare. 
ligament, m. ligament. 
ligature, /. ligature; tie, joint, union. 
ligaturer, v.t. tie, bind, fasten. 
Ugérien, a. relating to the Loire or its basin. 
ligne, /. line (in various senses) ; order, rank. 

en — de compte, into account. 

hors de — , out of line, out of the way. 

?iors — , exceptional, extraordinary. 

— A plomb, plumb line, vertical line. 

— blanche, white line; untarred cord. 

— continue, continuous line. 

— courbe, curved line. 

— d'eau, level line; water line. 

— de chaînette, catenary. 

— de chemin de fer, railway line. 

— de feu, firing line. 

— de foi, fiducial line. 

— de mire, line of sight. 

— de repère, reference line. 

— de terre, ground line. 

— de tir, line of fire. 

— de visée, line of sight. 

— droite, straight line, right line. 

— ferrée, railway. 

— goudronnée, tarred line. 

— infléchie, bent line, inflected line. 





Ugne interrompue^ broken line. 

— limite^ limiting line, limit line. 

— p26tne, solid line, continuous line. 

— pointUUet — ponctuée, dotted line. 
mettre en — de compte, take into account. 

lUnDer» v.t. mark with parallel lines, rule. 

ligneux, a. ligneous, woody. — m. lignin. 

llinlflcatloii, /. lignification. 

llgnlfler, v.t, A r. lignify. 

IM^nlne» /. lignin. 

lignite, m. (Afin.) lignite. 

llgnocellulose, /. lignooelluloee. 

llgnose, /. lignose. 

llgnoslté, /. ligneous quality, woodiness. 

llgrolne, /. ligroln. 

ligue, /. league. 

lllftclne, /. niacin (syringin). 

lllas, m. dk a. lilac. 

llllacé, a. (JBot.) liliaceous. 

llllacées, (Bat.) LiUaceœ. 

mial, a. lÛy, of or like lilies. 

limace, /. Archimedean screw; (Zo02.) slug. 

limaçon, m. {ZoOl.) snail; iAnat.) cochlea; 

(McUh.) limaçon. 
limage, m. filing. 
limaille, /. filings, file dust. 

— de fer, iron filings. 

— de fonte, (Iron) kish. 
llmallleux, a. {Iron) kishy. 
llmas, m. ~ limace. 
llmature, /. filing; filings. 
llmbe, m. limb, border, edge. 
lime, /. file; lime (the fruit). 

— bâtarde, bastard file. 

— carrée, square file. 

— demi-dttuce, second-cut file. 

— demi-Tonde, half-round file (a file with one 
flat and one curved surface). 

— douce, smooth file. 

— en queue de rat, rat-tail file. 

— oroeee, coarse file. 

— plate, flat file (file with two flat surfaces). 

— ronde, round file. 

— triangulaire, triangular file, three-cornered 
file, three-square file. 

llmer, v.t. file; (fig.) polish. 

limette, /. lime (the fruit). 

llmettler, m. any of several plants of the 

genus Citrus. 
llmeur, m. filer; filing machine. — a. filing. 
limitatif, a. limiting. 
limitation, /. limitation. 
llmltatlvement, adv. in a limited manner. 
limite, /. db a. limit. 
limité, p.a. limited. 
limiter, v.t. limit. 

llmon, m. mud, slime; lemon; shaft, thill. 
limonade, /. lemonade. 

— purgative au citrate de magnésie, (Pfiarm.) 
solution of magnesium citrate. 

limonade sèche au citrate de lithine, (Pluirm.) 

effervescent lithium citrate. 
llmonage, m. {Agric.) application of mud or 

silt to land to improve it. 
llmone, /. limonin. 
llmonène, m. limonene. 
limoneux, a. muddy, slimy, oozy. 
limonier, m. lemon tree {Citrus medica limon). 
llmonlne, /. limonin. 
Umonlte, /. (Aftn.) limonite. 
llmonlteux, a. {Min.) limonitic. 
limpide, a. limpid, clear. 
limpidité, /. limpidity, limpidness, clearness. 
lln, m. flax; linen. 
huHe de — , linseed oil. 

— minéral, — incombustible, — vif, amian- 
thus, fibrous asbestos. 

— eauvage, (Bot.) toadflax. 
llnalre, /. {Bot.) toadflax (Linaria). 

— commune, common toadflax (L. linaria), 
llnaloé, /. (fiot.) linaloa. 

llnalol, m. linalool. 
llnarlne, /. linarin. 
linéaire, a. linear. 
Unette, /. linseed, flaxseed. 
Unge, m. cloth, rag; linen. 

— américain, cloth coated with celluloid or 
the Uke. 

— en caoutchouc, cloth coated with rubber, 
or (by a misnomer) with ceUuloid or tho 

lingerie,/, linen trade; linen warehouse; linen. 
lingot, m. ingot; slug (of metal). 
llngotlàre, /. ingot mold. 

— à eau, water-cooled ingot mold. 
llngotlforme, a. ingot-shaped. 
llnguet, m. pawl, catch, stop. 
llnler, a. flax, of flax. 

Unlère, /. flax field. 

liniment, m. {Pharm.) liniment. 

— ammoniacal, ammonia liniment. 

— calcaire, lime liniment, carron oil. 

— crotoné, liniment of croton oil. 

— opiacé, liniment of opium. 

— phosphore, phosphorated oil. 

— savonneux camphré, soap liniment. 

— savonneux ioduré, liniment of potassium 
iodide with soap. 

— sinapisé composé, liniment of mustard. 

— térébenthine, turpentine liniment. 

— térébenthine acétique, liniment of turpentine 
and acetic acid. 

— volatil, ammonia liniment, volatile lini- 

Unltlon, /. coating, anointing. 

llnolélque, a. linoleic. 

linoléum, m. linoleum. 

llnoxlne, /. linoxin, linoxyn. 

linteau, m. lintel. 

llnters, linters (short cotton fiber). 

uigitizea Dy '' 





Hon, m. lion. 

UpAiolé, m. (Phartn.) ointment, unguent. 

UpAse, /. lipase. 

IllMSlque, a. lipase, of lipase. 

Ilpémle, /. (Afed.) Upemia, lipœmia. 

Upochrome, m. lipochrome. 

Ilpocénèse, /. (Physiol.) lipogenesis. 

Ilpolde, a. db m. lipoid. 

llpolrse, /. (Physiol.) lipolysis. 

Ilpolytlque, a. lipolytic. 

lipomateux» a. (Med.) lipomatous. 

lipome, m. (Med.) lipoma. 

Ilpnrle, /. (Med.) lipuria. 

Uqwiter» v.t. liquate, subject to liquation. 

— v.r. be liquated, undergo liquation. 
Ilqwitloii, /. (Metal.) liquation, eliquation. 
liquéfaction, /. liquefaction. 
liqaéflable, a. liquéfiable. 
llquéHé, p.a. liquefied. 
liquéfier, v.t. db r. liquefy. 
liquescence, /. liquesoence. 
liqueur, /. liquor; liquid, fluid; solution; 


— amniotique, amniotic fluid. 

— anodine nitreuse, (Pharm.) spirit of nitrous 

— antiseptique, antiseptic solution. 

— aqueuse, aqueous liquid; aqueous solu- 

— arsenicale de Fowler, (Pharm.) Fowler's 
solution, solution of potassium arsenite. 

— arsenicale hydrochlorique, (Pharm.) solu- 
tion of arsenous acid. 

— cupro-potassique, — de Fehling, Fehling's 

— d*aeétate de fer, (Pfuirm.) solution of ferric 

— d*ammoniaque, ammonia water. 

— d'ammoniaque vineuse, (Pharm.) spirit of 

— de Boudin, (Pharm.) solution of arsenous 

— de Donovan, (Pharm.) Donovan's solution, 
solution of arsenous and mercuric iodides. 

— de Fehling, FehlingCs) solution. 

— de Fowler, (Pharm.) Fowler's solution. 

— de Labarraque, ^ eau de Labarraque, 
under eau. 

— des eaiUoux, (Old Chem.) liquor of flints 
(water-glass solution). 

— de Schvmtzer, Schweitser's reagent. 

— de Van Swieten, Van Swieten's liquor or 
solution (an alcoholic solution of mercuric 

— de virage ~ liqueur témoin. 

— d* Hoffman, (Pharm.) spirit of ether, 
anodyne liquor of HnflTman. 

— épreuve, testing solution. 

-^fumante de Boyle, Boyle's fuming liquid 
(ammonium sulfide solution). 

Uqueur fumante de Cadet, Cadet's fluid (or 
liquid), Cadet's fuming liquid. 

— fumante de Libavius, fuming liquor of 
Libavius (stannic chloride). 

— hémostatique de MonseU (Pharm.) solution 
of ferric subsulfate, Monsel's solution. 

— iodo^iodurée, iodine-iodide solution. 

— nervine de Bang, (Pharm.) compound 
spirit of ether. 

— surnageante, supernatant liquid. 

— témoin, indicator liquid. 

— titrée, titrated solution, standardised sohi- 

— type, standard solution. 

— vesicant, (Pharm.) blistering liqidd. 
liquidambar, m. liquidambar. 
liquldamliaré, a. of liquidambar. 
liquidation, /. liquidation; (Soap) treatment 

of soap with weak lye or water to remove 
liquide, a. db m. liquid. 

— conservateur, preserving liquid. 

— d'asdte. ascitic fluid. 

— excitateur, exciting liquid. 

— témoin, test liquid, liquid used for com- 

liquider, v.t. liquidate. — v.r. pay off, settie. 

liquidité, /. liquidity, liquidnees. 

liquoreux, a. (of wine) liqueur-like, combining 

strength with sweetness. 
liquoriste, m. a maker or seller of liqueurs. 
lire, v.t. read. — v.r. be read. — /. lira (an 

Italian coin equivalent to the franc). 
lis, m. (Bot.) lily. 

— des teinturiers, dyer's weed, yellow weed 
(Reseda luteola). 

Usage, m. (Dyeing) agitation of hanks of silk. 

lisait, imp. S sing, of lire. 

lisant, of lire and of User. 

Lisbonne, /. Lisbon. 

lise, m. (Dyeing) a rod or pole for supporting 
hanks of silk in the vat. 

lisent, pr. S pi. indie. A subj. of lire and of User. 

User, v.t. (Dyeing) agitate (hanks of silk) in 
the vat. 

liséré, m. border, edge; edging, binding. — p.a. 
bordered, edged. 

lisérer, v.t. border, edge, bind. 

lisibUlté, /. legibiUty. 

lisible, a. legible; readable. 

lisiblement, adv. legibly. 

lisière, /. selvage, selvedge, list; border. 

lissage, m. smoothing, etc. (see lisser) ; (Found- 
ing) black wash. 

lisse, a. smooth; sleek; glossy. — m. smooth- 
ness. — /.a cyUnder for polishing leather; 
warp (of cloth); string, cord; rail. 

lissé, m. smoothness, glossiness, gloss, glase, 
polish. — p.a. smoothed, smooth, glossed, 
etc. (see lisser). 





lissée» /. glazing (of powder). 

lisser, v.t. smooth, gloss, glaze (as gunpowder), 
calender, sleek; polish, burnish; iFound- 
ing) black wash. 

Ilsseur, m. smoother, gloeser, etc. (see lisser). 

lisseuse, /em. of lisseur. (Used both of per- 
sons and of machines.) 

lissoir, m. (of tools) smoother, glosser, etc. (see 
lisser) ; glazing barrel (for powder) ; glaz- 
ing room or house (for powder); smooth- 
ing room (for paper). — a. smoothing, 
glossing, etc. 

llssure, /. smoothing, glossing, etc. (see lisser) ; 
smoothness, glossiness, gloss, glaze, polish. 

liste, /. list. 

lit, m. bed; layer; course, direction. — pr. S 
sing, of lire. 

— d fusion, (Metal.) mixing bed. 

— de carrière, natural bed (of a stone). 

— de fusion, (MetaJL.) charge (for smelting). 

— de gueuse, {Metal.) sow channel. 

— de grillage, (Metal.) a bed of fuel used in 
roasting or calcining. 

— de pains, (Sugar) a stage or rack having 
holes in which sugar loaves are set to drain. 

— filtrant, filter bed, filtering bed. 
liteau, m. strip, band; stripe. 

liter, v.t. place in beds or layers; cover the 
selvage of (fabrics) before dyeing. 

literie, /. bedding. 

litharge, /. litharge. 

litliarsé, llthargyré, a. containing litharge. 

lithiase, lithiasle, /. (Med.) Uthiasis. 

llthlne, /. lithia (lithium oxide); lithium 

llthlne, a. combined with or containing lithia. 

lithinlfère, a. containing lithia or lithium. 

ilthlque, a. lithic. 

acide — , lithic acid (uric acid). 

lithium, m. lithium. 

lithocolle, /. a lapidary cement. 

llthorellique, lithofeillnique, a. lithofellic, 

lithofracteur, m. (Expl.) lithofracteur. 

lithographie,/, lithography; lithograph; litho- 
graphing establishment. 

llthographler, v.t. lithograph. 

lithographique, a. lithographic. 

lltholde, a. lithoid, lithoidal. 

litigieux, a. disputable, contested; litigious. 

litre, m